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Encyclopedia > Brassicaceae
?Brassicaceae
Winter Cress (Barbarea vulgaris)
Winter Cress (Barbarea vulgaris)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Brassicales
Family: Brassicaceae
Juss.
Genera

See text. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (900x600, 65 KB) Summary Barbarea vulgaris From http://plants. ... Species The Winter cresses or Yellow rockets comprise the genus Barbarea, small herbaceous plants of temperate regions with edible dark-green leaves. ... Scientific classification or biological classification is how biologists group and categorize extinct and living species of organisms. ... Divisions Green algae Chlorophyta Charophyta Land plants (embryophytes) Non-vascular plants (bryophytes) Marchantiophyta - liverworts Anthocerotophyta - hornworts Bryophyta - mosses Vascular plants (tracheophytes) †Rhyniophyta - rhyniophytes †Zosterophyllophyta - zosterophylls Lycopodiophyta - clubmosses †Trimerophytophyta - trimerophytes Equisetophyta - horsetails Pteridophyta - true ferns Psilotophyta - whisk ferns Ophioglossophyta - adderstongues Seed plants (spermatophytes) †Pteridospermatophyta - seed ferns Pinophyta - conifers Cycadophyta - cycads Ginkgophyta... Classes Magnoliopsida - Dicots Liliopsida - Monocots The flowering plants (also called angiosperms) are the dominant and most familiar group of land plants. ... Orders See text. ... Families See text. ... Portrait of Antoine-Laurent de Jussieu Antoine Laurent de Jussieu (April 12, 1748 - September 17, 1836) was a French botanist. ... In biology, a genus (plural genera) is a taxonomic grouping. ...

The flowering plant family Brassicaceae, also called Cruciferae, is known as the mustard family or cabbage family. Agricultural plants in the mustard family are also known as cole crops; cole comes from the Latin word caulis (stem), as does the German Kohl. Classes Magnoliopsida - Dicots Liliopsida - Monocots The flowering plants (also called angiosperms) are the dominant and most familiar group of land plants. ... In biological classification, family (Latin: familia, plural familiae) is 1) a rank or 2) a taxon in that rank. ... Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in Latium, the region immediately surrounding Rome. ...


The family contains species of great economic importance, providing much of the world's winter vegetables. These include cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, brussels sprouts, collards, and kale (all cultivars of one species, Brassica oleracea), Chinese kale, rutabaga (also known as Swedish turnips or swedes), seakale, turnip, radish and kohl rabi. Other well known members of the Brassicaceae include rapeseed (canola and others), mustard, horseradish, wasabi and watercress. The most intensely studied member of the Brassicaceae is the model organism Arabidopsis thaliana. Coronary artery bypass surgery is sometimes pronounced Cabbage(s). See also Cabbage car. ... Broccoli is a plant of the Cabbage family, Brassicaceae (formerly Cruciferae). ... Percentages are relative to US RDI values for adults. ... Brussels sprouts were cultivated in Belgium from cabbage. ... Cultivar Group Brassica oleracea Acephala Group Collard or collard greens is a loose-leafed cultivar group of Brassica oleracea Acephala Group, which is grown as a food crop and garden ornamental, mainly in Brazil, United States. ... Curly kale Kale is a form of cabbage (Brassica oleracea Acephala Group) in which the central leaves do not form a head. ... Binomial name Brassica oleracea L. See also cabbage Brassica oleracea or Wild Cabbage, is a species of Brassica native to coastal southern and western Europe, where its resistance to salt and lime but intolerance of competition from other plants typically restricts its natural occurrence to limestone sea cliffs. ... Cultivar Group Brassica oleracea Alboglabra Group Kai-lan (Chinese 芥蘭 trad. ... Binomial name Brassica napobrassica The rutabaga or swede or (yellow) turnip (Brassica napobrassica, or Brassica napus var. ... Seakale Seakale naturalized on the Oregon coast Categories: Plant stubs | Brassicaceae | Vegetables ... Binomial name Brassica rapa L. Brassica rapa (also commonly known as the Wisconsin Fast Plant) is a plant species widely distributed through temperate climates as a weed, and widely cultivated as a leaf vegetable, a root vegetable, and an oilseed. ... Binomial name Raphanus sativus L. bunch of radishes The radish is a root vegetable of the Brassicaceae family. ... Cultivar Group Brassica oleracea Gongylodes Group Kohlrabi (Brassica oleracea Gongylodes Group), or kohl-rabi, is a low, stout biennial that originated in Germany around 4,000 years ago and is a cultivar group of the cabbage. ... Binomial name Brassica napus L. Rapeseed (Brassica napus), also known as Rape, Oilseed Rape, Rapa, Rapaseed and (one particular cultivar) Canola, is a bright yellow flowering member (related to mustard) of the family Brassicaceae. ... Canola field near Red Deer, Alberta In agriculture, Canola is a trademarked cultivar of the rapeseed plant from which rapeseed oil is obtained. ... Species See text The mustards are several plant species in the genus Brassica whose proverbially tiny mustard seeds are used as a spice and, by grinding and mixing them with water, vinegar or other liquids, are turned into a condiment also known as mustard. ... Binomial name Armoracia rusticana P.G. Gaertn. ... Binomial name Wasabia japonica Matsum. ... Species Nasturtium nasturtium-aquaticumL. Nasturtium microphyllumBoenn ex Rchb. ... A model organism is a species that is extensively studied to understand particular biological phenomena, with the expectation that discoveries made in the organism model will provide insight into the workings of other organisms. ... Binomial name Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh. ...


The family was formerly named Cruciferae ("cross-bearing"), because the four petals of their flowers are reminiscent of crosses. Many botanists still refer to members of the family as "crucifers". According to ICBN Art. 18.5 (St Louis Code) Cruciferae is to be regarded as validly published, and is thus an accepted alternate name. The name Brassicaceae is derived from the included genus Brassica. It has been suggested that Corolla be merged into this article or section. ... The International Code of Botanical Nomenclature is the set of rules according to which plants are given their formal botanical names (scientific names). ...


A close relationship has long been acknowledged between Brassicaceae and the caper family, Capparaceae, in part because members of both groups produce glucosinolate (mustard oil) compounds. Recent research (Hall et al. 2002) suggests that Capparaceae as traditionally circumscribed are paraphyletic with respect to Brassicaceae, with Cleome and several related genera being more closely related to Brassicaceae than to other Capparaceae. The APG II system therefore merges the two families under the name Brassicaceae. Other classifications have continued to recognize Capparaceae but with a more restricted circumscription, either including Cleome and its relatives in Brassicaceae or recognizing them in the segregate family Cleomaceae. genera See text. ... The glucosinolates are a class of organic compounds that contain sulfur, nitrogen and a group derived from glucose. ... Species See text. ... The Angiosperm Phylogeny Group is an international group of systematic botanists who have come together to try to establish a consensus view of the taxonomy of flowering plants in the light of the rapid rise of molecular systematics. ...

Contents

Use as food

See also: Cruciferous vegetables

The importance of this Family for food crops has lead to its selective breeding throughout history. Brassica oleracea, a plant of Atlantic Europe and the Mediterranean, is the precursor to Cabbage, Brussels Sprouts, Broccoli, Kohlrabi, Cauliflower, Kale, and most recently Broccoflower, a hybrid of Broccoli and Cauliflower. Cabbage plants Edible plants in the family Brassicaceae (also called Cruciferae) are termed Cruciferous vegetables. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...

Cultivar Selected for...
Kale loose, curly leaves (most closely resembles the wild plant)
Cabbage enlarged terminal buds.
Brussels sprouts numerous lateral buds.
Kohlrabi enlarged stems.
Broccoli enlarged stems and flowering structures.
Cauliflower more extensive flowering structures. The whiteness is caused by the outer

leaves blocking sunlight and preventing the formation of chlorophyll. [1]




Distribution and description

The mustard family is concentrated in the temperate regions and reaches maximal diversity around the Mediterranean area. It contains over 350 genera and about 3000 species. In geography, temperate latitudes of the globe lie between the tropics and the polar circles. ... The Mediterranean Sea is an intercontinental sea positioned between Europe to the north, Africa to the south and Asia to the east, covering an approximate area of 2. ...


The family consists of herbaceous plants with annual, bi-annual and perennial lifespans. Members of this family often have alternate (rarely opposite) leaves. Most members share a suite of glucosinolate compounds that has a typical pungent odor usually associated with cole crops. This article is about the plants used in cooking and medicine. ... The glucosinolates are a class of organic compounds that contain sulfur, nitrogen and a group derived from glucose. ...


Whilst some members have seeds with a high erucic acid content, making these unsafe to eat in large doses, all members of this family are edible. Erucic acid Erucic acid is a fatty acid found in rapeseed, wallflower seed, and mustard seed, making up 40 to 50 percent of their oil. ...

Genera
  • Acanthocardamum
  • Aethionema
  • Agallis
  • Alliaria
  • Alyssoides
  • Alysopsis
  • Alyssum
  • Ammosperma
  • Anastatica
  • Anchonium
  • Andrzeiowskia
  • Anelsonia
  • Aphragmus
  • Aplanodes
  • Arabidella
  • Arabidopsis
  • Arabis
  • Arcyosperma
  • Armoracia
  • Aschersoniodoxa
  • Asperuginoides
  • Asta
  • Atelanthera
  • Athysanus
  • Aubrieta
  • Aurinia
  • Ballantinia
  • Barbarea
  • Beringia
  • Berteroa
  • Berteroella
  • Biscutella
  • Bivonaea
  • Blennodia
  • Boleum
  • Boreava
  • Bornmuellera
  • Borodinia
  • Botscantzevia
  • Brachycarpaea
  • Brassica
  • Braya
  • Brayopsis
  • Brossardia
  • Bunias
  • Cakile
  • Calepina
  • Calymmatium
  • Camelina
  • Camelinopsis
  • Capsella
  • Cardamine
  • Cardaminopsis
  • Cardaria
  • Carinavalva
  • Carrichtera
  • Catadysia
  • Catenulina
  • Caulanthus
  • Caulostramina
  • Ceratocnemum
  • Ceriosperma
  • Chalcanthus
  • Chamira
  • Chartoloma
  • Cheesemania
  • Cheiranthus
  • Chlorocrambe
  • Chorispora
  • Christolea
  • Chrysobraya
  • Chrysochamela
  • Cithareloma
  • Clastopus
  • Clausia
  • Clypeola
  • Cochlearia
  • Coelonema
  • Coincya
  • Coluteocarpus
  • Conringia
  • Cordylocarpus
  • Coronopus
  • Crambe
  • Crambella
  • Cremolobus
  • Crucihimalaya
  • Cryptospora
  • Cuphonotus
  • Cusickiella
  • Cycloptychis
  • Cymatocarpus
  • Cyphocardamum
  • Dactylocardamum
  • Degenia
  • Delpinophytum
  • Descurainia
  • Diceratella
  • Dichasianthus
  • Dictyophragmus
  • Didesmus
  • Didymophysa
  • Dielsiocharis
  • Dilophia
  • Dimorphocarpa
  • Diplotaxis
  • Dipoma
  • Diptychocarpus
  • Dithyrea
  • Dolichirhynchus
  • Dontostemon
  • Douepea
  • Draba
  • Drabastrum
  • Drabopsis
  • Dryopetalon
  • Eigia
  • Elburzia
  • Enarthrocarpus
  • Englerocharis
  • Eremobium
  • Eremoblastus
  • Eremodraba
  • Eremophyton
  • Ermania
  • Ermaniopsis
  • Erophila
  • Erucaria
  • Erucastrum
  • Erysimum
  • Euclidium
  • Eudema
  • Eutrema
  • Euzomodendron
  • Farsetia
  • Fezia
  • Fibigia
  • Foleyola
  • Fortuynia
  • Galitzkya
  • Geococcus
  • Glaribraya
  • Glastaria
  • Glaucocarpum
  • Goldbachia
  • Gorodkovia
  • Graellsia
  • Grammosperma
  • Guiraoa
  • Gynophorea
  • Halimolobos
  • Harmsiodoxa
  • Hedinia
  • Heldreichia
  • Heliophila
  • Hemicrambe
  • Hemilophia
  • Hesperis
  • Heterodraba
  • Hirschfeldia
  • Hollermayera
  • Hornungia
  • Hornwoodia
  • Hugueninia
  • Hymenolobus
  • Ianhedgea
  • Iberis
  • Idahoa
  • Iodanthus
  • Ionopsidium
  • Irenepharsus
  • Isatis
  • Ischnocarpus
  • Iskandera
  • Iti
  • Ivania
  • Kernera
  • Kremeriella
  • Lachnocapsa
  • Lachnoloma
  • Leavenworthia
  • Lepidium
  • Lepidostemon
  • Leptaleum
  • Lesquerella
  • Lignariella
  • Lithodraba
  • Lobularia
  • Lonchophora
  • Loxostemon
  • Lunaria
  • Lyocarpus
  • Lyrocarpa
  • Macropodium
  • Malcolmia
  • Mancoa
  • Maresia
  • Mathewsia
  • Matthiola
  • Megacarpaea
  • Megadenia
  • Menkea
  • Menonvillea
  • Microlepidium
  • Microsysymbrium
  • Microstigma
  • Morettia
  • Moricandia
  • Moriera
  • Morisia
  • Murbeckiella
  • Muricaria
  • Myagrum
  • Nasturtiopsis
  • Nasturtium
  • Neomartinella
  • Neotchihatchewia
  • Neotorularia
  • Nerisyrenia
  • Neslia
  • Neuontobotrys
  • Notoceras
  • Notothlaspi
  • Ochthodium
  • Octoceras
  • Olimarabidopsis
  • Onuris
  • Oreoloma
  • Oreophyton
  • Ornithocarpa
  • Orychophragmus
  • Otocarpus
  • Oudneya
  • Pachycladon
  • Pachymitus
  • Pachyphragma
  • Pachypterygium
  • Parlatoria
  • Parodiodoxa
  • Parolinia
  • Parrya
  • Parryodes
  • Pegaeophyton
  • Peltaria
  • Peltariopsis
  • Pennellia
  • Petiniotia
  • Petrocallis
  • Phaeonychium
  • Phlebolobium
  • Phlegmatospermum
  • Phoenicaulis
  • Physaria
  • Physocardamum
  • Physoptychis
  • Physorrhynchus
  • Platycraspedum
  • Polyctenium
  • Polypsecadium
  • Pringlea
  • Prionotrichon
  • Pritzelago
  • Pseuderucaria
  • Pseudoarabidopsis
  • Pseudocamelina
  • Pseudoclausia
  • Pseudofortuynia
  • Pseudovesicaria
  • Psychine
  • Pterygiosperma
  • Pterygostemon
  • Pugionium
  • Pycnoplinthopsis
  • Pycnoplinthus
  • Pyramidium
  • Quezeliantha
  • Quidproquo
  • Raffenaldia
  • Raphanorhyncha
  • Raphanus
  • Rapistrum
  • Reboudia
  • Redowskia
  • Rhizobotrya
  • Ricotia
  • Robeschia
  • Rollinsia
  • Romanschulzia
  • Roripella
  • Rorippa
  • Rytidocarpus
  • Sameraria
  • Sarcodraba
  • Savignya
  • Scambopus
  • Schimpera
  • Schivereckia
  • Schizopetalon
  • Schlechteria
  • Schoenocrambe
  • Schouwia
  • Scoliaxon
  • Selenia
  • Sibara
  • Silicularia
  • Sinapidendron
  • Sinapis
  • Sisymbrella
  • Sisymbriopsis
  • Sisymbrium
  • Smelowskia
  • Sobolewslia
  • Sohms-Laubachia
  • Sophiopsis
  • Sphaerocardamum
  • Spirorhynchus
  • Spryginia
  • Staintoniella
  • Stanfordia
  • Stanleya
  • Stenopetalum
  • Sterigmostemum
  • Stevenia
  • Straussiella
  • Streptanthella
  • Streptanthus
  • Streptoloma
  • Stroganowia
  • Stubebdorffia
  • Subularia
  • Succowia
  • Synstemon
  • Synthlipsis
  • Taphrospermum
  • Tauscheria
  • Teesdalia
  • Teesdaliopsis
  • Tetracme
  • Thelypodiopsis
  • Thelypodium
  • Thlaspeocarpa
  • Thlaspi
  • Thysanocarpus
  • Trachystoma
  • Trichotolinum
  • Trochiscus
  • Tropidocarpum
  • Turritis
  • Vella
  • Warea
  • Wasabia
  • Weberbauera
  • Werdermannia
  • Winklera
  • Xerodraba
  • Yinshania
  • Zerdana
  • Zilla

Binomial name Acanthocardamum erinaceum (Boiss. ... Species See text. ... Binomial name Lobularia maritima Alyssum (Lobularia maritima), also commonly referred to as Sweet Alyssum, is a flower native to southern Europe that has also naturalized throughout the United States. ... Binomial name Anastatica hierochuntica L. The Rose of Jericho, Resurrection plant, or Anastatica hierochuntica is a member of the family Brassicaceae (formerly Cruciferae) and the only member of the genus Anastatica. ... Species see text Rockcress (Arabidopsis) are a genus of the Brassicaceae family. ... Species Arabis glabra, Tower Mustard Arabis is a genus of the mustard family that includes the Tower Mustard Categories: Brassicaceae | Plant stubs ... Binomial name Armoracia rusticana P.G. Gaertn. ... Species see text Aubrieta is a genus of about 12 species of flowering plants in the cabbage family Brassicaceae. ... Species Aurinia rupestris Aurinia saxatilis et al. ... Species The Winter cresses or Yellow rockets comprise the genus Barbarea, small herbaceous plants of temperate regions with edible dark-green leaves. ... Species See text Brassica is a genus of plants in the mustard family (Brassicaceae). ... Species Bunias erucago, Bunias orientalis Bunias is a genus in the Brassicaceae family. ... Species (incomplete list) Cakile constricta Cakile edentula Cakile geniculata Cakile lanceolata Cakile maritima Cakile is a genus within the flowering plant family Brassicaceae. ... Binomial name Camelina sativa L. Crantz Camelina (Camelina sativa) also known as gold-of-pleasure, false flax, and linseed dodder is a flowering plant in the family Brassicaceae which includes mustard, cabbage, rapeseed, etc. ... Species See text The genus Capsella belongs to the Mustard family Brassicaceae. ... Species See text Bittercress, or Bitter-cress, are members of the large genus Cardamine from the mustard family (Brassicaceae). ... Species See text Cheiranthus also know as wall-flowers, is a large genus from the family Brassicaceae. ... Species About 25 species, see text Scurvy-grass (Cochlearia species; a. ... Crambe is a genus of Brassicaceae which includes among its species, seakale (Crambe maritima), grown as a vegetable, and Crambe abyssinica, which is grown for an oil from the seeds that has similar characteristics to whale oil. ... Degenia (Croatian - Velebitska degenia) is a endemicplant which is found on some parts of Velebit (although there have been reports of finding a plant in some other places in Croatia and Bosnia). ... Diplotaxis is the genus of plants commonly known as Rocket or Arugula. ... Draba was a Ethiopian, who was enslaved by the Romans, and sent to the great and popular Glaitorial School of Capua, and a friend of Spartacus, Crixus and numerous other famed gladiators. ... Species Erysimum ammophilum Erysimum angustatum Erysimum arenicola Erysimum capitatum Erysimum cheiranthoides Erysimum cheiri Erysimum durum Erysimum franciscanum Erysimum hieracilifolium Erysimum inconspicuum Erysimum insulare Erysimum menziesii Erysimum occidentale Erysimum odoratum Erysimum pallasii Erysimum perofskianum Erysimum repandum Erysimum scoparium Erysimum teretifolium The genus Erysimum includes the wallflowers, which include both popular garden... Species See text. ... Binomial name Hesperis matronalis Linnaeus Dames Rocket, also known as Dames Violet, Sweet Rocket and Mother-of-the-evening (Hesperis matronalis) is a herbaceous perennial plant belonging to the mustard family, Brassicaceae. ... Species Iberis amara - rocket candytuft Iberis gibraltarica - Gibraltar candytuft Iberis sempervirens - perennial candytuft Iberis umbellata - globe candytuft This article is about the plant genus. ... Species See text. ... Isatis is a genus of plants in the Brassicaceae family. ... Lepidium, commonly known as the peppergrasses or pepperworts, is a genus of plants in the mustard family Brassicaceae. ... Binomial name Lobularia maritima Alyssum (Lobularia maritima), also commonly referred to as Sweet Alyssum, is a flower native to southern Europe that has also naturalized throughout the United States. ... Species Lunaria annua - Annual Honesty Lunaria rediviva - Perennial Honesty Lunaria is a genus of flowering plants in the family Brassicaceae, native to central and southern Europe. ... Species See text Malcolmia is a genus from the family Brassicaceae. ... Matthiola or stock is a flowering plant. ... Species See text Moricandia is a genus of plants belonging to the family Brassicaceae. ... Species Nasturtium gambellii (S. Wats. ... Species Raphanus caudatus Raphanus raphanistrum Raphanus sativus Raphanus is a genus within the flowering plant family Brassicaceae. ... Species Rorippa alpina (S. Wats. ... Species See text. ... Species Sinapis alba Sinapis arvensis Sinapis flexuosa Sinapis pubescens Sinapis is a genus of plants in the family Brassicaceae. ... Of the genus Thlaspi, they are herbs of temperate regions. ... Vella, Val Lumnezia Vella is located at 4,081 ft altitude on a plateau in the centre of the Val Lumnezia, a high Alpine Valley in the Surselva district of the Swiss Canton of Grisons/Graubünden. ... Binomial name Wasabia japonica Matsum. ... This article needs to be wikified. ...

References

  • Hall, J. C., K. J. Sytsma and H. H. Iltis. 2002. Phylogeny of Capparaceae and Brassicaceae based on chloroplast sequence data. American Journal of Botany 89: 1826-1842 (abstract here).
  1. ^ Sauer, J.D. 1993. Historical geography of crop plants - a select roster. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida

External links

Wikispecies has information related to:
Brassicaceae
  • Brassicaceae in L. Watson and M.J. Dallwitz (1992 onwards). The families of flowering plants: descriptions, illustrations, identification, information retrieval. http://delta-intkey.com
  • Brassicaceae at www.botany.hawaii.edu

  Results from FactBites:
 
Brassicales (0 words)
Vaughan and Whitehouse (1971) suggest that Brassicaceae differ from Capparaceae (inc. Cleomaceae) in that the latter have a testa that is only two (not three) cell layers thick, a persistent tegmen (rare) and a thicker endosperm (1 cell layer thick).
Genera in Brassicaceae were in the past often based on fruit and embryo differences and their limits are often unsatisfactory, and there has been parallel or convergent evolution of just about all the morphological features used to distinguish genera (Koch 2003; Al-Shehbaz et al.
Brassicaceae have tryphine, in which some constituents of the disorganised tapetal cells are still visible, covering the pollen grains, not pollenkitt, as in other angiosperms (Pacini and Hesse 2005), although details of the distribution of this feature are unclear.
BRASSICACEAE - Definition (0 words)
A genus of plants belonging to the mustard family Brassicaceae.
Additionally, the radish Raphanus sativus is a member of the Brassicaceae family.
The full taxonomic classification is kingdom Plantae, division Tracheophyta, subdivision Spermatophyta, class Angiospermae, subclass Dicotyledeonae, order Papaverales, family Brassicaceae.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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