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Encyclopedia > Brassica oleracea
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Brassica oleracea

Cultivated Cabbage plants
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Brassicales
Family: Brassicaceae
Genus: Brassica
Species: B. oleracea
Binomial name
Brassica oleracea
L.
See also cabbage

Brassica oleracea or Wild Cabbage, is a species of Brassica native to coastal southern and western Europe, where its resistance to salt and lime but intolerance of competition from other plants typically restricts its natural occurrence to limestone sea cliffs. Cabbage at a market near Greenville, Mississippi. ... Scientific classification or biological classification is how biologists group and categorize extinct and living species of organisms. ... Divisions Land plants (embryophytes) Non-vascular plants (bryophytes) Hepatophyta - liverworts Anthocerophyta - hornworts Bryophyta - mosses Vascular plants (tracheophytes) Lycopodiophyta - clubmosses Equisetophyta - horsetails Pteridophyta - true ferns Psilotophyta - whisk ferns Ophioglossophyta - adderstongues Seed plants (spermatophytes) †Pteridospermatophyta - seed ferns Pinophyta - conifers Cycadophyta - cycads Ginkgophyta - ginkgo Gnetophyta - gnetae Magnoliophyta - flowering plants Adiantum pedatum (a fern... Classes Magnoliopsida - Dicots Liliopsida - Monocots The flowering plants (also angiosperms or Magnoliophyta) are one of the major groups of modern plants, comprising those that produce seeds in specialized reproductive organs called flowers, where the ovulary or carpel is enclosed. ... Orders see text Dicotyledons or dicots are flowering plants whose seed contains two embryonic leaves or cotyledons. ... Families See text The Brassicales are an order of flowering plants, belonging to the rosid group of dicotyledons. ... Genera See text The flowering plant family Brassicaceae, known as the mustard/cabbage family, provides much of the worlds winter vegetables. ... Species See text Brassica is a plant genus, in the cabbage family (Cruciferae, also known, more fashionably, as the Brassicaceae). ... In biology, binomial nomenclature is a standard convention used for naming species. ... A painting of Carolus Linnaeus Carl Linnaeus, also known after his ennoblement as Carl von Linné (   listen?), and who wrote under the Latinized name Carolus Linnaeus (May 23, 1707 – January 10, 1778), was a Swedish botanist who laid the foundations for the modern scheme of taxonomy. ... Cultivar Group Brassica oleracea Capitata Group The cabbage (Brassica oleracea Capitata Group) is an edible plant of the Family Brassicaceae (or Cruciferae). ... Species See text Brassica is a plant genus, in the cabbage family (Cruciferae, also known, more fashionably, as the Brassicaceae). ... World map showing location of Europe Europe is geologically and geographically a peninsula, forming the westernmost part of Eurasia. ... Sodium chloride, also known as common salt, table salt, or halite, is a chemical compound with the formula NaCl. ... Calcium carbonate is a chemical compound, with chemical formula CaCO3. ... Limey shale overlaid by limestone. ... Sunset at sea Wiktionary has a definition of: Sea Wiktionary has a definition of: maritime A sea is a large expanse of saline water connected with an ocean, or a large, usually saline, lake that lacks a natural outlet such as the Caspian Sea and the Dead Sea. ... Cliffs on the banks of the River Severn, near Bristol, England In geography, a cliff is a significant vertical, or near vertical, rock exposure. ...


It is a tall biennial plant, forming a stout rosette of large leaves in the first year, the leaves being fleshier and thicker than those of other Brassica species, adaptations to store water and nutrients in a difficult growing environment. In its second year, the stored nutrients are used to produce a flower spike 1-2 m tall bearing numerous yellow flowers. A Biennial plant is a plant that takes between twelve and twenty-four months to complete its lifecycle. ... In botany, a leaf is an above-ground plant organ specialized for photosynthesis. ... Wildflowers A flower is the reproductive organ of those plants classified as angiosperms (flowering plants; Division Magnoliophyta). ...


According to the Triangle of U, B. oleracea is very closely related to many other species in the Brassica genus. The Triangle of U is a theory which describes the evolution and relationships between members of the plant genus Brassica. ... Species See text Brassica is a plant genus, in the cabbage family (Cruciferae, also known, more fashionably, as the Brassicaceae). ... In biology, a genus (plural genera) is a grouping in the classification of living organisms having one or more related and morphologically similar species. ...


Cultivation and uses

Brassica oleracea is one of the most important human food crop plants, and has been cultivated for several thousand years, used because of its large food reserves, rich in essential nutrients including vitamin C, stored over the winter in its leaves. This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Vitamin C is a water-soluble nutrient essential for life, used by the human body for many purposes. ...


A radically varying range of cultivars, hardly recognizable as being members of a single species, have been developed; they are grouped by developmental form into seven major Cultivar Groups, of which the Acephala Group remains most like the natural Wild Cabbage in appearance: This Osteospermum Pink Whirls is a successful cultivar. ... This Osteospermum Pink Whirls is a successful cultivar. ...

  • Brassica oleracea Acephala Group - Kale
  • Brassica oleracea Alboglabra Group - Kai-lan (Chinese broccoli)
  • Brassica oleracea Botrytis Group - Cauliflower, Chou romanesco
  • Brassica oleracea Capitata Group - Cabbage
  • Brassica oleracea Gemmifera Group - Brussels sprouts
  • Brassica oleracea Gongylodes Group - Kohlrabi
  • Brassica oleracea Italica Group - Broccoli
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Brassica oleracea

  Results from FactBites:
 
Brassica oleracea - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (322 words)
Brassica oleracea or Wild Cabbage, is a species of Brassica native to coastal southern and western Europe, where its tolerance of salt and lime but intolerance of competition from other plants typically restricts its natural occurrence to limestone sea cliffs.
oleracea is very closely related to five other species of the genus Brassica.
The plant is used because of its large food reserves, rich in essential nutrients including vitamin C, stored over the winter in its leaves.
Cabbage - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (567 words)
The cabbage (Brassica oleracea Capitata Group) is a plant of the Family Brassicaceae (or Cruciferae).
Like all brassicae, cabbage is a cool season crop, so early and late plantings do better than those maturing in the heat of the summer.
The caterpillars of some butterflies in the family Pieridae (the "whites") feed on brassicas and can be serious pests.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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