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Encyclopedia > Brassica
Brassica rapa
Brassica rapa
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Brassicales
Family: Brassicaceae
Genus: Brassica

See text. Download high resolution version (1536x2048, 1265 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Scientific classification or biological classification is how biologists group and categorize extinct and living species of organisms. ... Divisions Green algae Chlorophyta Charophyta Land plants (embryophytes) Non-vascular plants (bryophytes) Marchantiophyta - liverworts Anthocerotophyta - hornworts Bryophyta - mosses Vascular plants (tracheophytes) †Rhyniophyta - rhyniophytes †Zosterophyllophyta - zosterophylls Lycopodiophyta - clubmosses †Trimerophytophyta - trimerophytes Equisetophyta - horsetails Pteridophyta - true ferns Psilotophyta - whisk ferns Ophioglossophyta - adderstongues Seed plants (spermatophytes) †Pteridospermatophyta - seed ferns Pinophyta - conifers Cycadophyta - cycads Ginkgophyta... Classes Magnoliopsida - Dicots Liliopsida - Monocots The flowering plants (also called angiosperms) are the dominant and most familiar group of land plants. ... Orders See text. ... Families See text. ... Genera See text. ...

Brassica is a genus of plants in the mustard family (Brassicaceae). The members of the genus may be collectively known either as cabbages, or as mustards. Genera See text. ...

This genus is remarkable for containing more important agricultural and horticultural crops than any other genus. It also includes a number of weeds, both wild taxa and escapees from cultivation. It includes over 30 wild species and hybrids, and numerous additional cultivars and hybrids of cultivated origin. Most are annuals or biennials, but some are small shrubs. The Latin words hortus (garden plant) and cultura (culture) together form horticulture, classically defined as the culture or growing of garden plants. ... The notion of weed is almost entirely in the eye of the beholder. ... This Osteospermum Pink Whirls is a successful cultivar. ... Peas are an annual plant. ... Look up Biennial in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Biennial is a term referring to a period of two years, much in the same way centennial refers to 100 years. ...

The genus is native in the wild in western Europe, the Mediterranean and temperate regions of Asia. In addition to the cultivated species, which are grown worldwide, many of the wild species grow as weeds, especially in North America, South America, and Australia. European redirects here. ... A Mediterranean climate is one that resembles those of the lands bordering the Mediterranean Sea. ... World map showing the location of Asia. ... World map showing North America A satellite composite image of North America. ... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ...

Almost all parts of some species or other have been developed for food, including the root (swedes, turnips), stems (kohlrabi), leaves (cabbage, brussels sprouts), flowers (cauliflower, broccoli), and seeds (many, including mustard seed, oilseed rape). Some forms with white or purple foliage or flowerheads, are also sometimes grown for ornament. Trinomial name Brassica rapa rapa L. The turnip (Brassica rapa var. ... Kohlrabi (Brassica oleracea Gongylodes Group) is a low, stout cultivar of the cabbage which has been selected for its swollen, nearly spherical, Sputnik-like shape. ... Coronary artery bypass surgery is sometimes pronounced Cabbage(s). See also Cabbage car. ... Brussels sprouts were cultivated in Belgium from cabbage. ... Percentages are relative to US RDI values for adults. ... Broccoli is a plant of the Cabbage family, Brassicaceae (formerly Cruciferae). ... Mustard seeds are small, about 1mm in diameter. ...

Brassica species are sometimes used as food plants by the larvae of a number of Lepidoptera species - see List of Lepidoptera which feed on Brassicas. A larva (Latin; plural larvae) is a juvenile form of animal with indirect development, undergoing metamorphosis (for example, insects or amphibians). ... Super Families Butterflies Hesperioidea Papilionoidea Moths Micropterigoidea Heterobathmioidea Eriocranioidea Acanthopteroctetoidea Lophocoronoidea Neopseustoidea Mnesarchaeoidea Hepialoidea Nepticuloidea Incurvarioidea Palaephatoidea Tischeriodea Simaethistoidea Tineoidea Gracillarioidea Yponomeutoidea Gelechioidea Zygaenoidea Sesioidea Cossoidea Tortricoidea Choreutoida Urodoidea Galacticoidea Schreckensteinioidea Epermenioidea Pterophoroidea Aluctoidea Immoidea Axioidea Hyblaeoidea Thyridoidea Whalleyanoidea Pyraloidea Mimallonoidea Lasiocampoidea Geometroidea Drepanoidea Bombycoidea Calliduloidae Hedyloidea Noctuoidea Families About... Brassica species are used as food plants by the larvae of a number of Lepidoptera species including: Cabbage Moth (Mamestra brassicae) Common Swift (Korshceltellus lupulina) Foxglove Pug (Eupithecia pulchellata) - recorded on Brassica in Malta Garden Carpet (Xanthorhoe fluctuata) Garden Dart (Euxoa nigricans) Ghost Moth (Hepialus humuli) The Gothic (Naenia typica...

Due to their agricultural importance, Brassica plants have been the subject of much scientific interest. The close relationship between 6 particularly important species (Brassica carinata, B. juncea, B. oleracea, B. napus, B. nigra and B. rapa) is described by the Triangle of U theory. The Triangle of U is a theory which describes the evolution and relationships between members of the plant genus Brassica. ...


There is some disagreement among botanists on the classification and status of Brassica species and subspecies. The following is an abbreviated list, with an emphasis on economically important species.

Binomial name Brassica juncea (L.) Czern. ... Binomial name Brassica napus L. Rapeseed Brassica napus, also known as Rape, Oilseed Rape, Rapa, Rapaseed and (one particular cultivar) Canola, is a bright yellow flowering member of the family Brassicaceae. ... Binomial name Brassica napus L. Rapeseed (Brassica napus), also known as Rape, Oilseed Rape, Rapa, Rapaseed and (one particular cultivar) Canola, is a bright yellow flowering member (related to mustard) of the family Brassicaceae. ... Canola field near Red Deer, Alberta In agriculture, Canola is a trademarked cultivar of the rapeseed plant from which rapeseed oil is obtained. ... Binomial name Brassica napobrassica The rutabaga or swede or (yellow) turnip (Brassica napobrassica, or Brassica napus var. ... Binomial name Brassica nigra L. Black mustard (Brassica nigra) is an annual weedy plant cultivated for its seeds, which are commonly used as a spice. ... Binomial name Brassica oleracea L. See also cabbage Brassica oleracea or Wild Cabbage, is a species of Brassica native to coastal southern and western Europe, where its resistance to salt and lime but intolerance of competition from other plants typically restricts its natural occurrence to limestone sea cliffs. ... Curly kale Kale is a form of cabbage (Brassica oleracea Acephala Group) in which the central leaves do not form a head. ... Coronary artery bypass surgery is sometimes pronounced Cabbage(s). See also Cabbage car. ... Broccoli is a plant of the Cabbage family, Brassicaceae (formerly Cruciferae). ... Percentages are relative to US RDI values for adults. ... Cultivar Group Brassica oleracea Alboglabra Group Kai-lan (Simplified Chinese: 芥兰; Traditional Chinese: 芥蘭; Hanyu Pinyin: , lit. ... Brussels sprouts were cultivated in Belgium from cabbage. ... Binomial name Brassica rapa L. Brassica rapa (also commonly known as the Wisconsin Fast Plant) is a plant species widely distributed through temperate climates as a weed, and widely cultivated as a leaf vegetable, a root vegetable, and an oilseed. ... Truff people put it to good use! Chinese cabbage (Brassica rapa, chinensis group; Chinese: 白菜; Pinyin: báicài; Cantonese baak choy) is an East Asian leaf vegetable related to the Western cabbage. ... Trinomial name Brassica rapa rapa L. The turnip (Brassica rapa var. ... Rapini originated in the Mediterranean but now grows all over the world. ...

Deprecated species names

  • B. kaber (Wild Mustard or Charlock) - see Sinapis arvensis
  • B. alba or B. hirta (White or Yellow mustard) - see Sinapis alba

Binomial name Sinapis alba White mustard (Sinapis alba) is a plant of the family Cruciferae. ...

See also

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  Results from FactBites:
Brassica: Science (1400 words)
He is also the founder of The Brassica Chemoprotection Laboratory, which is dedicated to studying edible plants that induce protective enzyme activity in the body and may help to prevent cancer development.
Researchers at Brassica Protection Products are now investigating specific phytochemicals found in fruits and vegetables, that may serve as weapons against cancer and other diseases.
The Brassica Chemoprotection Laboratory is the first laboratory of its kind designed exclusively for the study of the chemoprotective properties of plants.
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Analyses in the Brassica Chemoprotection Laboratory show that BroccoSprouts contain 1.35 micrograms of Vitamin K per gram of fresh sprouts.
The long-lasting activity of SGS was discovered by scientists at Johns Hopkins University Medical School while studying the health benefits of a diet rich in fruits and vegetables.
Only Brassica teas are patented and licensed by Johns Hopkins University under US patents 5,725,895; 5,968,505; 5,968,567, 6,177,122 and 6,242,018.
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