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Encyclopedia > Braniff International Airways
Braniff International Airways
IATA
BN
ICAO
BNF
Callsign
Braniff
Founded 1928
Ceased Operation 1982
Hubs Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport (Braniff I) - Kansas City International Airport (Braniff (1983-1990)
Fleet size 82 (as of December 1981)
Destinations 54 (as of April 25, 1982)
Parent company Braniff International, Inc.
Headquarters Dallas, Texas
Key people Paul R. Braniff (First CEO), Tom Braniff, Charles Beard, Harding Lawrence, Howard Putnam, (Final CEO) and Robert E. Montalvo (TX, BN REP)

Braniff International Airways was an American airline that existed from 1928 until 1982. It operated in the central midwest, South America, Asia and Europe. The airline ceased operations on May 12, 1982, a victim of escalating fuel prices, aggressive expansion, and fierce competition. IATA airline designators, sometimes called IATA reservation codes, are two-character codes assigned by the International Air Transport Association (IATA) to the worlds airlines in accordance with the provisions of Resolution 762. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with ICAO airline code. ... Most airlines employ a distinctive and internationally recognised call sign that is normally spoken during airband radio transmissions as a prefix to the flight number. ... An airline hub is an airport that an airline uses as a transfer point to get passengers to their intended destination. ... DFW redirects here. ... Airport diagram Airport from the east. ... Braniff (IATA: BE, ICAO: , and Callsign: ) was an airline based in Dallas. ... A holding company is a company that owns enough voting stock in another firm to control management and operations by influencing or electing its board of directors. ... “Dallas” redirects here. ... Chief Executive Officer (CEO) is the job of having the ultimate executive responsibility or authority within an organization or corporation. ... Howard D. Putnam is the former CEO of Southwest Airlines. ... Year 1928 (MCMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 132nd day of the year (133rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ...

Contents

Founding and first decades

In 1928 an insurance salesman and financier named Thomas E. Braniff financed an aviation company with his brother Paul Revere Braniff, named Paul R. Braniff, Inc. The airline was named Tulsa-Oklahoma City Airways and offered passenger service between most of the major cities in Oklahoma. The original Braniff brothers would remain a part of the company, even as the ownership was transferred repeatedly. Eventually Braniff was purchased by what was to become today's American Airlines. However, after briefly operating the Braniff division, the holding company shut the operation down. Year 1928 (MCMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Paul Revere Braniff (August 30, 1897-June , 1954) was an airline entrepeneur. ...

First Braniff Airlines logo, ca. 1928-30
First Braniff Airlines logo, ca. 1928-30

The Braniff brothers restarted another airline in 1930 as Braniff Airways, Inc. During the 1930s, Braniff Airways expanded its service throughout the Midwest. Braniff’s long-term survival was assured when Paul Braniff, then General Manager, flew to Washington, D.C., to petition for the Chicago-Dallas airmail route. The United States Post Office granted Braniff its first airmail route, in the wake of the 1934 Air Mail Scandal. In 1935, Braniff became the first airline to fly from Chicago, Illinois, to the U.S.-Mexico border. Paul Braniff left the airline in 1935 to pursue other interests but Tom Braniff retained control of the carrier and hired Charles "Chuck" Beard to run the airline's day-to-day operations. Beard became President and CEO of Braniff in 1954. Image File history File links Braniff_Logo. ... A USPS Truck at Night A U.S. Post Office sign The United States Postal Service (USPS) is the United States government organization responsible for providing postal service in the United States and is generally referred to as the post office. ... The Air Mail Scandal is the name that the American press of the 1930s gave to the results of a meeting (the so-called Spoils Conference) of Postmaster General Walter Folger Brown and the executives of the top airlines, effectively dividing among them the air mail routes, and to the... Flag Seal Nickname: The Windy City Motto: Urbs In Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location Location in Chicagoland and northern Illinois Coordinates , Government Country State Counties United States Illinois Cook, DuPage Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 606. ... The international border between Mexico and the United States runs a total of 3,141 km (1,951 miles) from San Diego, California, and Tijuana, Baja California, in the west to Matamoros, Tamaulipas, and Brownsville, Texas, in the east. ...


Over the years, Braniff acquired a number of other airlines, as well as new Douglas DC-2 and Douglas DC-3 aircraft to fuel its expansion. Most of its operational network remained focused on the midwestern north-south portion of the United States. During WWII, the airline leased a portion of its fleet to the United States military, and facilities at Dallas Love Field and throughout the country became training sites for pilots and mechanics. During the 1940s, Braniff was allowed by the Civil Aeronautics Board to serve the Caribbean, Latin America, and South America. These routes were served by the new and improved Douglas DC-6 aircraft. The Douglas DC-2 was a 14 seat, twin-propeller airliner produced by the Douglas Aircraft Corporation starting in 1934. ... The Douglas DC-3 is a fixed-wing, propeller-driven aircraft, which revolutionized air transport in the 1930s and 1940s and is generally regarded as one of the most significant transport aircraft ever made (also see Boeing 707 and Boeing 747). ... Dallas Love Field (IATA: DAL, ICAO: KDAL, FAA LID: DAL) is a public airport located five miles (8 km) northwest of the central business district (CBD) of the City of Dallas, in Dallas County, Texas, USA. The airport covers 1,300 acres and has three runways. ... Governments have played an important part in shaping air transportation. ... “West Indian” redirects here. ... Latin America consists of the countries of South America and some of North America (including Central America and some the islands of the Caribbean) whose inhabitants mostly speak Romance languages, although Native American languages are also spoken. ... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ... The Douglas DC-6 is a piston-powered airliner and transport aircraft built by the Douglas Aircraft Company from 1946 to 1959. ...


During the 1950s the airline expanded nationwide. The acquisition of Mid-Continent Airlines in 1952 allowed Braniff to add several more domestic cities to its already established north-south route system. On January 10, 1954, Thomas E. Braniff died in one of his personal planes, which crashed lakeside, on the shore of Lake Wallace, 15 miles outside of Shreveport, Caddo Parish, Louisiana. the first thing that was invented was the automatic DILDO. Education grew explosively because of a very strong demand for high school and college education. ... Mid-Continent logo Mid-Continent Airlines operated in the central United States through the 1930s and 1940s. ...


According to information from Captain George A. Stevens: Mr Braniff was on a hunting expedition with a group of important citizens of Louisiana, (including Milton Weiss - brother to Seymour Weiss, of Huey Long Fame). They were departing from a small duck hunting lake out of Shreveport in a new aircraft with no deicing system. The wings iced up and they attempted to land. One of the wings hit cypress stumps and the plane crashed against the shore. It caught fire and all 12 lives aboard were lost (including a number of Shreveport's most important civic leaders).


Paul R. Braniff died later that year of cancer. Charles "Chuck" Beard became the first non-Braniff President of the carrier after Tom's death. He would lead Braniff into the jet-age, and would be instrumental in turning Braniff into a 95% jet carrier by 1964.


In 1959, Braniff entered the jet age with the introduction of the Boeing 707-227. Year 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Boeing 707-227 was a version Braniff needed for flying out of the high altitude airports of South America. ...


The End of the Plain Plane

In 1964, Troy Post — then the chairman of Greatamerica Corporation, an insurance holding company based in Dallas, Texas — purchased Braniff as part of an expansion of holdings which also included National Car Rental. Both Braniff and National were chosen after Greatamerica CFO C. Edward Acker identified them as particularly poorly managed companies. As part of the acquisition, Acker became Executive Vice President and CFO of Braniff as well. A holding company is a company that owns part, all, or a majority of other companies outstanding stock. ... National Car Rental is a rental car company based in Tulsa, Oklahoma. ... CFO is usually short for Chief Financial Officer, but may also mean: Carrier frequency offset Ceramic fiber optics Chief Fire Officer Chief of Flight Operations Conselho Federal de Odontologia (cfo. ...


In 1965, Post hired Harding L. Lawrence, the Executive Vice President of Continental Airlines, to become the new president of Braniff International. Harding viewed Braniff as a "backwater" airline — despite the facts that the airline had routes from North Dakota to Argentina, and was already the 11th-largest airline in the world—and sought to re-image Braniff. Over the next 15 years, Lawrence's aggressive expansion into new markets and ideas unorthodox for the airline industry would lead Braniff to record industry performance, expanding earnings tenfold (despite load factors which hovered around 50%) and making the airline the sixth-largest airline in the world (although Braniff fell to the 14th largest airline from the late 60s until deregulation). Unfortunately, the same ideas which would catapult Braniff to the front of the American consciousness would eventually doom it to bankruptcy. Load Factor (LF) – The percentage of seats filled. ...


To overhaul the Braniff image, Lawrence hired Jack Tinker Associates, who assigned advertising executive Mary Wells as account leader. First on the agenda was to overhaul Braniff's public image—including the red, white, and blue livery—as they perceived that image as "staid". Two internationally famous trendsetters, New Mexico architect Alexander Girard and Italian fashion designer Emilio Pucci, were called in, and with this new creative talent, Braniff began the "End of the Plain Plane" campaign. Mary Wells Lawrence (born Mary Georgene Berg, 25 May 1928, in Youngstown, Ohio, United States), more often known professionally as Mary Wells, is a retired American advertising executive. ... Rather unusually, these Angels wear white hart (deer) badges, with the personal livery of King Richard II of England, who commissioned this, the Wilton diptych, about 1400 A livery is a uniform or other sign worn in a non-military context on a person or object (such as an airplane... One of the biggest names in mid-century textile design is Herman Millers Alexander Girard (1907-1993), trained at the Royal Institute of British Architects in London and at the Royal School of Architecture in Rome. ... Emilio Pucci, Marchese di Barsento (November 20, 1914 – 1992) was an Italian fashion designer. ...


At Girard's recommendation, the old livery was dropped in favor of a wide palette of bright colors. Girard wanted the planes painted from tail to nose in colors like "Chocolate Brown" and "Metallic Purple." He also favored a small "BI" logo and small titles. Braniff engineering, and Braniff's advertising department modified Girards colors, increased the "BI" logo, and added white wings and tails. The new "jelly bean" fleet consisted of such bold colors as beige, ochre, orange, turquoise, baby blue, medium blue, lemon yellow, and lavender. (Lavender was dropped after one month, as lavender and black were considered bad luck in Mexico.) Girard also outfitted the interiors with 57 different variations of Herman Miller fabrics. There were 15 colors used by Braniff for plane exteriors during the 1960s (Harper & George modified Girard's original seven colors in 1968). Many of the color schemes were applied to aircraft interiors, gate lounges, ticket offices, and even the corporate headquarters. Art to complement the color schemes was flown in from Mexico, Latin America, and South America. Herman Miller, Inc. ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from 1960 to 1969, inclusive. ... Latin America consists of the countries of South America and some of North America (including Central America and some the islands of the Caribbean) whose inhabitants mostly speak Romance languages, although Native American languages are also spoken. ... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ...


Pucci used a series of nautical themes in overhauling the crew's uniforms. For the stewardesses, Pucci used "space age" themes, including plastic bubbles (resembling Captain Video helmets) which the stewardesses could wear between the terminal and the plane to prevent any hairstyles from being disturbed. However, the "space bubble" was dropped after about a month, for multiple reasons: the helmets cracked easily, there was no place to store them onboard the aircraft, and jetways at many airports made them unnecessary. The stewardess uniforms were also designed with interchangeable parts, which could be removed and added as needed. In 1969 Pucci designed "Pucci IV", for the intro of "747 Braniff Place"(1971). The collection was debuted at the Dallas Hilton by Pucci himself, in 1970. Today all of the vintage Pucci attire designed for Braniff is highly valuable. The Video Ranger and Captain Video in space suits at the controls of the X-9 Captain Video and His Video Rangers was an American science fiction television series. ... Jetway is the registered trademark of FMC Technologies, Inc. ...


http://www.braniffpages.com/1965/images/pucciscarfbi.jpg


In 1968, Braniff expanded an advertising campaign that showed the likenesses of Andy Warhol, Sonny Liston, or a Playboy Bunny, and other socialites of the time, all embellishing their experiences flying Braniff. It became one of the most celebrated marketing efforts Madison Avenue had ever produced, blending effectively a message of style and arrogance; one advertising slogan was "if you've got it—flaunt it!" Though management considered the campaign a success, Braniff's core customers were outraged by the grandiose behavior and perceived "bragging", causing many corporate accounts to leave Braniff. Andrew Warhola (August 6, 1928 — February 22, 1987), better known as Andy Warhol, was an American artist who became a central figure in the movement known as Pop art. ... Charles L. Sonny Liston (May 8?, 1932–December 30?, 1970) was a formidable boxer who became world heavyweight champion in 1962 by knocking out Floyd Patterson in the first round. ... Playboy Bunny at the Karma Foundation Inaugural Gala hosted at the Playboy Mansion, October 2005 A Playboy Bunny was a waitress at the Playboy Clubs (open 1960–1988). ...


Operationally, Braniff entered the jet-age in 1959 with the 707-227. Braniff took delivery of four of these (another crashing before delivery) and was the only airline to order the -200 series from Boeing. (Braniff later sold the -227s to BWIA in 1971.) Boeing 720s would be added shortly after. In 1961, Braniff became the launch U.S. customer for the British-built BAC-111 twin jet. By 1965, Braniff had a 95% jet fleet. With Lawrence's arrival in late spring 1965, the brash executive cancelled most of its remaining BAC-111 orders (placed under Charles Beard, Braniff President 1954-1965) in favor of the larger Boeing 727. Braniff eventually ordered several variants of the new Boeing type including the new "quick change" cargo/passenger variant, the stretched -200, and later the -200 Advanced. By 1969, the turboprop planes were all retired, making Braniff an "all jet" airline. By the mid-1970s, Braniff operated the largest fleet of Boeing 727s in the world, and pioneered the concept of fleet standardization and the efficiencies that a single type of aircraft could produce. Also during this period (1967), Braniff acquired Pan American-Grace Airways, which increased its already strong presence in South America. The BAC 1-11, or One-Eleven, was a short-range jet airliner designed by Hunting Aircraft and produced by the British Aircraft Corporation (BAC) after Hunting was merged with several other British aviation firms in 1960. ... The Boeing 727 is a mid-size, narrow-body, three-engine commercial jet airliner. ... The Boeing 727 is a mid-size, narrow-body, three-engine commercial jet airliner. ... Pan American-Grace Airways, better known as Panagra was an airline formed as a joint venture between Pan American World Airways and the Grace shipping company. ...


The BRANwich

In-flight cuisine was a particular concern of Harding Lawrence's management team. Starting in 1965, an international board of chefs was assigned to "outdo" all the other airlines in terms of food service. In 1971, Braniff chefs revamped the traditional sandwich into what became known as the "BRANwich", which was a hit with passengers. These were made by wrapping puff pastry around various fillings like beef Wellington. The BRANwich became so popular that recipes were published in major U.S. magazines. For the professional wrestler who used Bif Wellington as a ring name, see Shayne Bower (wrestler). ...


1970s redesigns

In 1973, Alexander Calder was commissioned by Braniff to paint an aircraft. His contribution was a Douglas DC-8 known simply as "Flying Colors." In 1975, it was showcased at the Paris Air Show in Paris, France. Its designs reflected the bright colors and simple designs of South America and Latin America, and was used mainly on South American flights. Later in 1975, he debuted "Flying Colors of the United States" to commemorate the Bicentennial of the United States. This time, the aircraft was a Boeing 727-200. First Lady Betty Ford dedicated "Flying Colors of the United States" in Washington, D.C.. Calder died in 1976 as he was finalizing a third livery, termed "Flying Colors of Mexico"; this livery was not used on any plane. For the song by James Blunt, see 1973 (song). ... For other persons named Alexander Calder, see Alexander Calder (disambiguation). ... The Douglas DC-8 is a four-engined jet airliner, manufactured between 1959 and 1972. ... Year 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... A Mirage 2000-5 at the Paris Air Show The Paris Air Show (Salon International de lAéronautique et de lEspace, Paris-Le Bourget) is an international trade fair for the aerospace business. ... The Eiffel Tower has become the symbol of Paris throughout the world. ... Year 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The United States Bicentennial was celebrated on Sunday, July 4, 1976, the 200th anniversary of the adoption of the Declaration of Independence. ... Sun Country 727 The Boeing 727 was, for a very long time, the most popular jet_liner in the world. ... Betty Fords official White House portrait, painted in 1977 by Felix de Cossio Elizabeth Anne Bloomer Warren Ford (born April 8, 1918) is the widow of former United States President Gerald R. Ford and was the First Lady from 1974 to 1977. ... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ...


In 1977, Braniff dropped Pucci as its designer of uniforms. American fashion and couture designer Halston was then brought on to bring a more American look back to Braniff. His all-leather looks—dubbed the "Ultra" look—were applied to uniforms and the fleet, including Braniff's new Boeing 727-200s (and the "Flying Colors" planes as well). His uniforms and simplistic design were praised by critics and passengers. Marchese di Basento Emilio Pucci ( November 20, 1914 - 1992) was an Italian fashion designer. ... Roy Halston Frowick, also known as Halston (April 23, 1932–March 26, 1990) was an iconic clothing designer of the 1970s. ... Sun Country 727 The Boeing 727 was, for a very long time, the most popular jet_liner in the world. ...


In 1970, Braniff accepted delivery of the 100th Boeing 747 built—a 747-127 model, N601BN—and began "jumbo jet" service to Hawaii on January 15, 1971. This plane, dubbed "747 Braniff Place" and "The Most Exclusive Address In The Sky", became the flagship of the airline. In 1978, N601BN flew the inaugural flight from Dallas/Fort Worth to London. Additional 747s, including the 747SP, would be acquired for service to Asia and Europe. The Douglas DC-8s were aging toward the end of the 70s, there was speculation over the purchase of new McDonnell Douglas MD-80s, Boeing 757s, or Boeing 767s to replace the DC-8-62s (which flew the South American routes). However, financial problems at the airline would soon make this question irrelevant. The Boeing 747, commonly nicknamed the Jumbo Jet, is a long-haul, widebody commercial airliner manufactured by Boeing. ... Official language(s) English, Hawaiian Capital Honolulu Largest city Honolulu Area  Ranked 43rd  - Total 10,931 sq mi (29,311 km²)  - Width n/a miles (n/a km)  - Length 1,522 miles (2,450 km)  - % water 41. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... The Boeing 747SP is a highly modified version of Boeings Boeing 747-100 offering special performance. Known during development as the short body 747SB, the shortened fuselage permitted longer range flights to be made. ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... The Douglas DC-8 is a four-engined jet airliner, manufactured between 1959 and 1972. ... The Douglas DC-9 is a twin-engined jet airliner, first manufactured in 1965 and, in much modified form and under a succession of different names, still in production today as the Boeing 717. ... The Boeing 757 is an American short to medium range commercial passenger aircraft manufactured by Boeing Commercial Airplanes. ... American Airlines Boeing 767-300 at Gatwick Airport, England. ...


Deregulation

Up to 1978, Braniff remained one of the fastest-growing and most-profitable airlines in the United States. But deregulation of the airline industry was to be introduced in 1978, and Braniff under Lawrence would misjudge this change.


Lawrence believed that the answer to deregulation was to expand Braniff's route system dramatically; consequently, the domestic system became 50% larger, with flights to 16 new cities. International hubs were created in Boston and Los Angeles to handle expected increases in travel outside North America. This would have included flights to Tokyo, as well as an "oil run" between Dallas, Houston, and Dubai; these routes never entered service. Nickname: City on the Hill, Beantown, The Hub (of the Universe)1, Athens of America, The Cradle of Revolution, Puritan City, Americas Walking City Location in Massachusetts, USA Counties Suffolk County Mayor Thomas M. Menino(D) Area    - City 232. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... For other uses, see Tokyo (disambiguation). ... Coordinates: , Emirate Government  - Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum Area [1]  - Metro 4,114 km² (1,588. ...


Unfortunately, little of the expected new business materialized; 747 service from the new Boston hub proceeded particularly poorly, with the huge planes flying nearly empty. As a consequence of the new equipment and the new hubs, Braniff's debt expanded tremendously; more debt was generated in shifting Braniff's main base of flight operations from Love Field in Dallas to Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport, complete with a sprawling new headquarters just outside the new airport. Braniff's sub-par load factors, which were especially intolerable on the expensive-to-run 747s, and the large debts combined to produce massive financial shortfalls. The rising debts in addition to allegations of accounting fraud led to the removal of Harding Lawrence in 1980. Dallas Love Field (IATA: DAL, ICAO: KDAL, FAA LID: DAL) is a public airport located five miles (8 km) northwest of the central business district (CBD) of the City of Dallas, in Dallas County, Texas, USA. The airport covers 1,300 acres and has three runways. ... DFW redirects here. ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ...


Concorde

Concorde, the world's second supersonic airliner (the first being the Soviet Tupolev Tu-144) was the culmination of an Anglo-French investment between Britain's BAe and France's Aerospatiale. The airline started service with Concorde in 1979 between Dallas/Fort Worth and Washington, D.C., to Paris and London on interchange flights with Air France and British Airways. Flights between Dallas/Fort Worth and Washington Dulles airports were commanded by Braniff cockpit and cabin crews (including Braniff Captains: Manton Fain, Ken Larson, Glenn Shoop, and Dean Smith to name a few) while British or French crews would take over for the remaining segment to Europe. Over U.S. soil, the Concorde was limited to Mach 0.95, though crews often flew just above Mach 1; the planes flew at Mach 2 over open water. For other uses, see Concorde (disambiguation). ... A United States Navy F/A-18E/F Super Hornet in transonic flight. ... Soviet redirects here. ... The Tupolev Tu-144 (NATO reporting name: Charger) was the first supersonic transport aircraft (SST), constructed under the direction of the Soviet Tupolev design bureau headed by Alexei Tupolev (1925–2001). ... Look up anglo in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... British Aerospace (BAe) was a UK aircraft and defence systems manufacturer, now part of BAE Systems. ... The Aerospatiale Corvette first flew in 1970 and went into service in 1974. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... DFW redirects here. ... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ... This article is about the capital of France. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Air France (formally Société Air France) is an airline based in Paris, France, and a subsidiary of Air France-KLM Group. ... For the 1930s airline of similar name, see British Airways Ltd. ... Aerial photo Washington Dulles International Airport (IATA airport code IAD, ICAO airport code KIAD) serves the greater Washington, DC metropolitan area. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... An F/A-18 Hornet breaking the sound barrier. ...


The Concorde service proved a fiscal disaster for Braniff. Though Braniff charged only a 10% premium over standard first-class fare to fly Concorde - and later removed the surcharge altogether - the 100-seat plane often flew with no more than 15 passengers. Meanwhile, Boeing 727s flying the same route were filled routinely. Consequently, Concorde service ended little more than a year after it began. The Boeing 727 is a mid-size, narrow-body, three-engine commercial jet airliner. ...


Although many postcards show a Braniff Concorde, the Braniff livery was never applied to both sides of a Concorde, and the aircraft remained in the ownership of British Airways throughout the operation. For other uses, see Concorde (disambiguation). ...


Bankruptcy

On May 12, 1982, Braniff Airways ceased all operations, thus ending 54 years of service in the American airline industry. N601BN "747 Braniff Place" (also known as "The Great Pumpkin" because it was painted orange) made the very last Braniff flight from Hawaii to Dallas/Fort Worth on May 13. is the 132nd day of the year (133rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... An Airbus A380 of Emirates Airline An airline provides air transport services for passengers or freight. ...


The day before on May 11, 1982, the airline's CEO, Howard Putnam, who was President of Southwest Airlines from 1978-1981, left a courtroom at the Federal Courthouse in Brooklyn, New York, after he failed to gain an extension from the airline's principal creditors because of the massive debt built up under the Harding Lawrence regime. is the 131st day of the year (132nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... Howard D. Putnam is the former CEO of Southwest Airlines. ... This article is about the American airline. ...


Successor organizations

Three airlines were formed following the shutdown of Braniff. Former Braniff employees founded Minnesota-based Sun Country Airlines in 1983. It flew a fleet of Boeing 727-200s and DC-10s until 2001. It reorganized and currently flies a modern fleet of Boeing 737-800 series aircraft. Sun Country Airlines is an American low-cost airline headquartered in the Minneapolis-St. ... Sun Country 727 The Boeing 727 was, for a very long time, the most popular jet_liner in the world. ... Biman Bangladesh Airlines McDonnell Douglas DC-10 The McDonnell Douglas DC-10 is a three-engined long-range airliner, with two engines mounted on underwing pylons and a third engine at the base of the vertical stabilizer. ... The Boeing 737 is an American short to medium range, single aisle, narrow body jet airliner. ...


Two other airlines were formed from the assets of Braniff:

  • Braniff, Inc, founded in 1983 by the Hyatt Corporation under the umbrella corporation "Dalfort."
  • Braniff International Airlines, Inc., founded in 1991 by financier Jeffrey Chodorow.

The remains of the original Braniff (including Braniff Airways original Tax ID number) are retained by a company named "Asworth" in Dallas. Asworth was formed out of the old "Dalfort" corporation and is responsible for paying pilot pensions according to the Braniff Retired Pilots Group, B.I.S.E. Braniff (IATA: BE, ICAO: , and Callsign: ) was an airline based in Dallas. ... Looking up inside the 32-story atrium of the Shanghai Grand Hyatt, part of the Jin Mao Building. ... Braniff was an airline formed in 1991 by Jeffrey Chodorow with Boeing 727-200s and a lone Douglas DC-9. ... Jeffrey Chodorow is a financier. ...


Incidents and accidents

  • Braniff Flight 542 crashed in Buffalo, Texas, on September 29, 1959. It was en route to Dallas, Texas, from Houston, Texas. Twenty-nine passengers and five crew members were killed in the crash. The plane was a turboprop Lockheed L-188 Electra, registration number N9705C. The plane was eleven days old when it crashed. The Civil Aeronautics Board blamed the crash on the infamous "whirl-mode" prop theory.
  • Braniff Flight 352 crashed in Dawson, Texas, on May 3, 1968. Like Flight 154 nine years earlier, It was en route to Dallas, Texas, from Houston, Texas. Seventy-nine passengers and five crew members were killed in the crash. The plane was a Lockheed Electra II, registration number N9707C. Two other Braniff employees, a Cargo secretary, and a Braniff Construction Engineer were among the dead. The National Transportation Safety Board ruled Weather, and an "overstressing of a wing plank" as the cause. There is, however an alternate theory.

Buffalo is a city located in Leon County, Texas. ... is the 272nd day of the year (273rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... “Dallas” redirects here. ... “Houston” redirects here. ... The Lockheed L-188 Electra is an American turboprop airliner built by Lockheed. ... Braniff Airways Flight 250 crashed into Falls City, Nebraska, on August 6, 1966. ... Falls City is a city in Richardson County, Nebraska, United States. ... is the 218th day of the year (219th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. ... “Omaha” redirects here. ... Nickname: Location in Jackson, Clay, Platte, and Cass Counties in the state of Missouri. ... The BAC One-Eleven was a British short-range jet airliner of the 1960s and 1970s. ... Braniff International Airways Flight 352 was a Lockheed L-188A Electra, registration N9707C, operating as a scheduled domestic flight from Houston to Dallas, Texas, that broke up in mid air and crashed near Dawson, Texas after flying into a severe thunderstorm on May 3, 1968. ... Dawson is a town located in Navarro County, Texas, United States. ... is the 123rd day of the year (124th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... “Dallas” redirects here. ... “Houston” redirects here. ...

Trivia

  • In 1981, Braniff dedicated a Boeing 727-227 with the colors of the Dallas Cowboys, an American football team that chartered the aircraft for road games. The aircraft featured a Cowboys helmet on its tail section. The Cowboys had been a customer of Braniff throughout the 1970s.
  • Many Braniff groups are active today, including:
    • The Retired Pilots, "The Braniff International Silver Eagles"
    • The Retired Hostess Organization, "The Clipped-B's"
    • The Braniff Retirement Club (Based in Dallas)
    • The Braniff Family Annual North Texas Reunion Organization
    • Braniff/Mid-Continent Reunion Club (who have met every year in Minnesota since 1978)
  • Also in January of 2002 ex Braniff president Harding L. Lawrence dies. This is also the year noted Braniff stockholder and representative Robert E. Montalvo dies.
  • A portion of an old Braniff advertisement with a Boeing 727 appears after the end credits (where production company logos normally go) of every episode of South Park. However, in 2001, the New York Trust that still owns the Braniff Trademarks informed South Park Studios not to use Braniff in any other formats. The 12-note riff played on top of this ad during earlier South Park episodes is from a song, "Shpadoinkle Day" from Trey Parker's collegiate film project, "Alferd Packer: The Musical" (later filmed as Cannibal! The Musical). The lyrics associated with those notes are "The sky is blue/and all the leaves are green."
  • Braniff International items with the now-famous "BI" logo on them such as playing cards, posters, air schedules, aircraft models, pins and serving ware have become collectibles.
  • In November of 1967, adwoman Mary Wells married Braniff chief Harding Lawrence and soon thereafter dropped the Braniff account.

Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... City Irving, Texas Other nicknames Americas Team, The Boys Team colors Silver, Navy Blue Head Coach Wade Phillips Owner Jerry Jones General manager Jerry Jones League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1960–present) Northern Conference (1960) Eastern Conference (1961-1966) Capitol Division (1967-1969) National Football Conference (1970-present... United States simply as football, is a competitive team sport that is both fast-paced and strategic. ... The Boeing 727 is a mid-size, narrow-body, three-engine commercial jet airliner. ... This article is about the TV series. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Cannibal! The Musical is a student film directed by the future creator of South Park, Trey Parker, while studying at the University of Colorado at Boulder. ... Cannibal! The Musical is a student film directed by the future creator of South Park, Trey Parker, while studying at the University of Colorado at Boulder. ... Mary Wells Lawrence (born Mary Georgene Berg, 25 May 1928, in Youngstown, Ohio, United States), more often known professionally as Mary Wells, is a retired American advertising executive. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
ComPilots.com - Aviation Portal - LOHSE & WINKELMANN - BOEING 747SP (322 words)
Fly the Sheiks around the globe in their shiny bright no-dirt-at-all 747SPs.
Check back to the golden times of Braniff and PanAm.
Link Paris with the Indian Ocean or Frances outre-mer departments using Corsairs 747SP nicknamed Tom (due to it's registration F-GTOM).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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