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Encyclopedia > Branford, Connecticut
Branford, Connecticut
Academy in Branford. The building dates from 1820 on the site of the meeting that established Yale University
Official seal of Branford, Connecticut
Seal
Location in Connecticut
Location in Connecticut
Coordinates: 41°16′40″N 72°47′59″W / 41.27778, -72.79972
Country United States
State Connecticut
NECTA New Haven
Region South Central Region
Named 1653
Government
 - Type Representative town meeting
 - First selectman Cheryl P. Morris (D)
Area
 - Town  28.0 sq mi (72.5 km²)
Population (2005)[1]
 - Town 29,089
 - Density 1,322/sq mi (511/km²)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 06405
Website: http://www.branford-ct.gov/

Branford is a town located on Long Island Sound in New Haven County, Connecticut, eight miles (13 km) east of New Haven. The population was 29,089 in 2005, according to the U.S. Census Bureau. It is situated between New Haven and the smaller, less commerically developed shoreline towns to the east. Its recreational facilities, include several town-maintained parks owned by private foundations and 20 miles (30 km) of coastline with more than 12 marinas. Academy in Branford, Connecticut, site where Yale University was founded © 2004 Matthew Trump File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... 1820 was a leap year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... “Yale” redirects here. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 594 pixelsFull resolution (936 × 695 pixel, file size: 79 KB, MIME type: image/png) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Official language(s) English Capital Hartford Largest city Bridgeport Largest metro area Hartford Area  Ranked 48th  - Total 5,543[2] sq mi (14,356 km²)  - Width 70 miles (113 km)  - Length 110 miles (177 km)  - % water 12. ... Official language(s) English Capital Hartford Largest city Bridgeport Largest metro area Hartford Area  Ranked 48th  - Total 5,543[2] sq mi (14,356 km²)  - Width 70 miles (113 km)  - Length 110 miles (177 km)  - % water 12. ... A New England City and Town Area or NECTA is a geographic entity in the New England region of the United States. ... A Representative Town Meeting is a form of municipal legislature used in Massachusetts. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... The Eastern Standard Time Zone is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting five hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Though DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... The Eastern Standard Time Zone is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting five hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... The system of local government in use in New England is very different from that found throughout the rest of the United States. ... New York City waterways: 1. ... New Haven County is located in the south central part of the state of Connecticut. ... This article is about the city in Connecticut. ... A small marina at Brixham, Devon, England. ...

Contents

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 72.5 km² (28.0 mi²); 56.9 km² (22.0 mi²) is land and 15.6 km² (6.0 mi²) (21.5%) is water, including the Branford River, Queach Brook and the Branford Supply Ponds. There are two harbors, the more central Branford Harbor and Stony Creek Harbor on the east end. Much of the town's border with East Haven to the west is dominated by Lake Saltonstall, a reservoir owned by the Greater New Haven Regional Water Authority, which is available for hiking and fishing. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Location in Connecticut Coordinates: Counties New Haven County Mayor Joseph A. Maturo, Jr. ...


The town has more than 3,900 acres (16 km²) of open land for recreation and/or athletics, with a 28 mile (45 km) walking trail circling the town, as well as the Shoreline Greenway Trail from New Haven to Hammonasset Beach State Park passing through the town. The Town of Branford includes the Thimble Islands. Hammonasset Beach State Park is a state park located in Madison, a town in New Haven County, Connecticut, United States. ... Map of Thimble Islands The Thimble Islands are an archipelago of small islands in Long Island Sound, in and near the harbor of Stony Creek, Connecticut in the southeast corner of Branford, Connecticut, . Known to the Mattabesec Indians as the beautiful sea rocks, they consist of a jumble of granite...


Neighboring towns are North Branford to the north, Guilford to the east, and East Haven to the west. North Branford is a town located in New Haven County, Connecticut. ... Guilford is a town in New Haven County, Connecticut, United States, that borders Madison, Branford, North Branford and Durham, and is situated on I-95 and the coast. ... Location in Connecticut Coordinates: Counties New Haven County Mayor Joseph A. Maturo, Jr. ...


History

An area called "Totoket" which became Branford, was part of the land bought from the Mattabesech Indians in 1638 by the first settlers of New Haven. The Dutch set up a trading post at the mouth of the Branford River in the 1600s, s the source of the name "Dutch Wharf."[2] Events March 29 - Swedish colonists establish first settlement in Delaware, called New Sweden. ...


The town's name is said to be derived from the town of Brentford, England. Early settlers were largely farmers, but with an accessible port there were also a trade in lumber, livestock, brooms and produce -- all traded for molasses and rum from the West Indies.[2] Molasses or treacle is a thick syrup by-product from the processing of the sugarcane or sugar beet into sugar. ... This article is about the beverage. ... The Caribbean or the West Indies is a group of islands in the Caribbean Sea. ...


The town grew during the 18th and 19th centuries. In the late 18th century, the first shoreline community was settled. Stony Creek. Indian Neck, Pine Orchard were also settled, but none of those settlements were permanent until the mid-19th century.[2]


In 1852, the railroad helped bring new business, including Branford Lockworks, Malleable Iron Fittings Company and the Atlantic Wire Company.[2]


Branford also became a popular resort area, with 20 hotels, including Indian Point House in Stony Creek, Montowese House in Indian Neck and Sheldon House in Pine Orchard.[2]


In 1974, Connecticut Hospice was founded in Branford, the first hospice in the United States. Palliative care (from Latin palliare, to cloak) is any form of medical care or treatment that concentrates on reducing the severity of disease symptoms or slowing the diseases progress, rather than providing a cure. ...


Branford has six National Register of Historic Places districts, including many buildings in Federal, Arts and Crafts, and Queen Anne styles of architecture. A typical plaque showing entry on the National Register of Historic Places. ... Federal style architecture occurred in the United States between 1780 and 1830, particularly from 1785 to 1815. ... Artichoke wallpaper, by John Henry Dearle for William Morris & Co. ... The City of Wakefield MDCs Queen Anne style administrative HQ, County Hall, James Gibson and Samuel Russell, architects (1894-98) The Queen Anne Style of British and American architecture reached its greatest popularity in the last quarter of the 19th century, manifesting itself in a number of different ways... Section of the dome of Florence Cathedral. ...


Demographics

As of the census² of 2000, there were 28,683 people, 12,543 households, and 7,663 families residing in the town. The population density was 503.8/km² (1,305.2/mi²). There were 13,342 housing units at an average density of 234.4/km² (607.1/mi²). The racial makeup of the town was 94.05% white, 1.35% African American, 0.10% Native American, 2.72% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.53% from other races, and 1.20% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race comprised 2.57% of the population. 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... The following is a list of sources used in the creation of encyclopedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


Of the 12,543 households, 25.7% included children under the age of 18, 47.9% were married couples living together, 9.8% had a female head of household with no husband present, and 38.9% were non-families. 32.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.90. The median age was 41 years. “Spouse” redirects here. ...


The median income for a household in the town was $58,009, and the median income for a family was $69,510. The per capita income for the town was $32,301, with 4.1% of the population and 3.3% of families below the poverty line. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...

Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of October 25, 2005[3]
Party Active Voters Inactive Voters Total Voters Percentage
  Democratic 5,369 221 5,590 28.82%
  Republican 2,889 155 3,044 15.69%
  Unaffiliated 10,200 527 10,727 55.31%
  Minor Parties 30 4 34 0.18%
Total 18,488 907 19,395 100%

Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic... The Republican Party is one of two major contemporary political parties in the United States of America, along with the Democratic Party. ...

Principal communities in Branford

Branford Center

Branford Center is home to many small stores, restaurants, and coffee houses, which line Main Street, with the Green at the center. The Branford Green has churches as well as the town hall and other government facilities and hosts concerts and other events, such as the annual Branford Festival.

Main article: Branford Center

Branford Center is a census-designated place (CDP) in the town of Branford, Connecticut, United States. ...

Branford Hills

Branford Hills is in the western end of town, centered on the heavily commercial strip of Route 1, including fast-food and sit-down restaurants, auto dealers, grocery stores and many other businesses.


The Branford Hills area is home to many complexes of condominums and apartments, housing mostly middle class residents, as well as single-family houses. St. Elizabeth Roman Catholic Church is in Branford Hills, as is the original site of Connecticut Hospice. This article refers to a form of housing. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ...


Indian Neck

Indian Neck is in the south-central section of Branford, dominated by a peninsula bordering Branford Harbor. Both Foote Park and John B. Sliney Memorial Park are located within Indian Neck.


Pine Orchard

Pine Orchard, between Indian Neck and Stony Creek, is an affluent section of town. The Pine Orchard Yacht and Country Club, Wightwood School, a private institution, and Francis Walsh Intermediate School are found here.


Short Beach

Main article: Short Beach

Short Beach is a beach neighborhood in the western end of town, south of Branford Hills. It is home to many small islands, the largest being Kelsey's Island, which has a few small cabins used as summer homes. Short Beach is home to half of the famous Shoreline Trolley Museum, which is also in neighboring East Haven. Also in Short Beach are the Yale Corinthian Yacht Club (YCYC), Short Beach Union Church and three parks, the largest being Pardee Park. Short Beach's population is about 1,500 and features a three-day festival at the end of summer called Short Beach Days. Short Beach is known for the population of monk parakeets that live there (referred to as the "Short Beach Parrots"), a non-native bird. Short Beach is a beach neighborhood in Branford, Connecticut. ... Yale Corinthian Yacht Club is the home yacht club for the Yale University Coed and Womens Sailing Teams. ... Binomial name Myiopsitta monachus (Boddaert, 1783) The Monk Parakeet (Myiopsitta monachus), also known as the Quaker Parrot, is a species of parrot that originated in the temperate areas of Argentina and Brazil in South America. ...


Stony Creek

Stony Creek is a shorefront section in the southeastern section of Branford, centered on a harbor on Long Island Sound. Stony Creek, along with Pine Orchard a relatively affluent section of Branford, has an ambience of a small seaside village. It is famous for the archipelago of islands knowns as the Thimble Islands. Stony Creek is a shorefront section of Branford, Connecticut, centered around a harbor on Long Island Sound, in the southeast corner of the town. ... Map of Thimble Islands The Thimble Islands are an archipelago of small islands in Long Island Sound, in and near the harbor of Stony Creek, Connecticut in the southeast corner of Branford, Connecticut, . Known to the Mattabesec Indians as the beautiful sea rocks, they consist of a jumble of granite...


The Thimbles are a jumble of glacial rocks, ranging from 17 acres (69,000 m²) down to stepping stone size, at the mouth of the harbor. Despite their small size, they possess a wealth of history and local lore, as well as providing pleasant scenery for a summer cruise.


The Stony Creek Puppet House is one of the few places in the world where traditional 4- to 5 foot (1.5 m)-high Sicilian puppets can be seen. The puppets do not perform regularly, but they are on display on the walls of the Puppet House and sometimes are demonstrated at other venues. The 100-year-old puppet house serves as a theater for a wide variety of concerts, dances, plays, musicals, dinner theater, small puppet shows and children's programs, year round.


Stony Creek is also home to the all-male Stony Creek Fife & Drum Corps and the all-female Totoket Ancient Fife & Drum Corps. A large quarry is still working, and supplied the distinctive pink/orange Stony Creek granite for the Brooklyn Bridge, the Stony Creek library and the newest House Office Building in Washington, D.C. For other uses, see Brooklyn Bridge (disambiguation). ... Nickname: Motto: Justitia Omnibus (Justice for All) Location of Washington, D.C., in relation to the states Maryland and Virginia Coordinates: , Country United States Federal District District of Columbia Government  - Mayor Adrian M. Fenty (D)  - D.C. Council Chairperson: Vincent C. Gray (D) Ward 1: Jim Graham (D) Ward 2...


Industry

Now that Malleable Iron Fittings has been largely demolished and the site turned into housing, Branford is known for high-technology companies such as Curagen and 454 Life Sciences. It is also home to Wilson Arms, which produces small-caliber rifles and parts, and Islander East Pipeline Co., which seeks to build a controversial natural gas pipeline from North Haven to Yaphank, New York. 454 Life Sciences is a biotechnology company based in Branford, Connecticut specializing in high-throughput DNA sequencing using a novel massively parallel sequencing-by-synthesis approach. ... North Haven is a suburban New England town in New Haven County, Connecticut on the outskirts of New Haven, Connecticut. ... Yaphank is a hamlet (and census-designated place) located in Suffolk County, New York. ...


Transportation

The main artery through the town is Interstate 95, running along the eastern coast of the United States. Between Branford and New Haven, the highway passes over the Pearl Harbor Memorial Bridge. The Shore Line East railway system has been expanded over the past few years in order to simplify commuting from eastern shore towns such as Branford into New Haven. Tweed New Haven Regional Airport is located three miles (5 km) west of Branford. Interstate 95, the main north-south Interstate Highway on the East Coast of the United States, runs in a general east-west compass direction for 111. ... The Pearl Harbor Memorial Bridge, known locally as the Q Bridge, is a bridge that carries Interstate 95 (Connecticut Turnpike) over the mouth of the Quinnipiac River in New Haven, Connecticut. ... Shore Line East (SLE) is a commuter railroad operating in southern Connecticut. ... Tweed New Haven Regional Airport (IATA: HVN, ICAO: KHVN), formerly known as Tweed-New Haven Airport, is a municipal airport offering commercial and general service in New Haven, Connecticut, USA. It is partially located in the town of East Haven. ...


Major roads

  • West Main Street/North Main Street/East Main Street (US Route 1) - parallels I-95.
  • Main Street passes through the town center
  • Route 142 (Short Beach Road/Shore Drive) serves the community of Short Beach in the southwestern part of the town
  • Route 146 is a scenic route that passes through various coastal communities in the southeastern part of the town and into Guilford.
  • Cedar Street/Brush Plain Road, which runs from Main Street into North Branford, ending at Route 80. The section north of Route 1 is State Road 740.

United States Highway 1 is a United States highway which parallels the east coast of the United States. ... Interstate 95, the main north-south Interstate Highway on the East Coast of the United States, runs in a general east-west compass direction for 111. ... Route 142 is a state highway in Connecticut that serves as an alternate route of U.S. Route 1, passing through the village of Short Beach on the Branford shoreline. ... Short Beach is a beach neighborhood in Branford, Connecticut. ... Route 146 is a state road that serves as a scenic alternative to U.S. Route 1 between Branford and Guilford in the U.S. state of Connecticut. ... Guilford is a town in New Haven County, Connecticut, United States, that borders Madison, Branford, North Branford and Durham, and is situated on I-95 and the coast. ... North Branford is a town located in New Haven County, Connecticut. ... CT 80 is a 25. ... State Road 740 (SR 740) is an unsigned state highway in the U.S. state of Connecticut. ...

Culture

One of the largest events in Branford every year is the Branford Festival on Father's Day weekend, which features food, crafts, children's rides, music and a road race.


Sister cities

Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... , Brentford is a suburb in the London Borough of Hounslow at the confluence of the River Thames and the River Brent in West London, situated approximately 8 miles (12. ...

Trivia

This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ...

References

  1. ^ U.S. Census Bureau Population Estimates
  2. ^ a b c d e [1] Branford Chamber of Commerce web site accessed 26 June 2006
  3. ^ Registration and Party Enrollment Statistics as of October 25, 2005 (PDF). Connecticut Secretary of the State. Retrieved on 2006-10-02.

Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 275th day of the year (276th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

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