The Brandenburger Gold Coast, later Prussian Gold Coast, was a part of the Gold Coast that was colonised by Germans before the German unification. Gold Coast is a popular name for various areas and cities around the world which are located along the coast of an ocean or some other significant body of water, and often have many wealthy residential areas. ...
Brandenburger Gold Coast
Since May 1682 a chartered company from the margravial electorate of Kur-Brandenburg, the core of the later Prussian kingdom, the Brandenburg African Company (Brandenburgisch-Africanische Compagnie), founded circa 1680, established a minor West African colony consisting of two Gold Coast settlements on the Gulf of Guinea, in present Ghana: The arms of the British South Africa Company A chartered company is an association formed by investors or shareholders for the purpose of trade, exploration and colonisation. ...
In politics, an electorate is the group of people entitled to vote in an election. ...
The Gulf of Guinea is the part of the Atlantic southwest of Africa. ...
- Groß Friedrichsburg, now Pokesu: 1682-1717], which became the capital
- Fort Dorothea, now Akwida: April 1684-1687, 1698-1711, April 1712-1717], which in 1687 - 1698 the Dutch occupied.
The German governors during this Brandenburger era were:
- May 1682 - 1683 Philip Peterson Blonck
- 1683 - 1684 Nathaniel Dillinger
- 1684 - 1686 Karl Konstantin von Schnitter
- 1686 - 1691 Johann Niemann
Prussian Gold Coast
On 15 January 1701 it was renamed Prussian Gold Coast Settlements, long before the Brandenburg electorate itself was absorbed by Prussia. From 1711 to April 1712 the Dutch occupied Fort Dorothea again.
In 1717 the colony was physically abandoned by Prussia, so 1717 - 1724 John Konny (or in Dutch Jan Conny) was able to occupy Gross-Friedrichsburg, from 1721 in opposition to Dutch rule.
In 1721 the rights to the colony were sold to the Dutch, who renamed it Hollandia, as part of their larger Dutch Gold Coast colony. The Dutch Gold Coast, or Dutch Guinea, was a part of the sector of Guinea (coastal West Africa) known in the colonial era as the Gold Coast (in present Ghana), gradually colonized by the Dutch since 1598. ...
The Prussian era governors were:
- 1701 - 1704 Adriaan Grobbe
- 1704 - 1706 Johann Münz
- 1706 - 1709 Heinrich Lamy
- 1709 - 1710 Frans de Lange
- 1710 - 1716 Nicholas Dubois
- 1716 - 1717 Anton Günther van der Menden
Sources and references