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Encyclopedia > Brandenburg
Brandenburg
Flag Coat of arms
Coat of arms of Brandenburg
Details
Location
Map of Germany, location of Brandenburg highlighted
Coordinates 52°13′″N 13°30′″E / Expression error: Unexpected / operator, Expression error: Unexpected / operatorCoordinates: 52°13′″N 13°30′″E / Expression error: Unexpected / operator, Expression error: Unexpected / operator
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Administration
Country Germany
NUTS Region DE4
Capital Potsdam
Minister-President Matthias Platzeck (SPD)
Governing parties SPDCDU
Votes in Bundesrat 4 (of 69)
Basic statistics
Area  29,479 km² (11,382 sq mi)
Population 2,548,200 (09/2006)[1]
 - Density 86 /km² (224 /sq mi)
Other information
GDP/ Nominal € 48 billion (2005)
Website brandenburg.de

Brandenburg (listen ; Lower Sorbian: Bramborska; Upper Sorbian: Braniborska; Polish: Brandenburgia) is one of Germany's sixteen Bundesländer (federal states). It lies in the east of the country and is one of the new states that were re-created in 1990 upon the reunification of the former West Germany and East Germany. The capital is Potsdam. Brandenburg surrounds but does not include the national capital Berlin. For other uses, see Brandenburg (disambiguation). ... Brandenburg, when used by itself, can refer to: The state of Brandenburg, in Germany The town of Brandenburg, in the aforementioned state of Brandenburg, Germany Brandenburg, Kentucky, in the United States Brandenburg is also a part of the name of: Brandenburg v. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Brandenburg. ... Image File history File links Brandenburg_Wappen. ... Coat of arms of Brandenburg This article is about the coat of arms of the German state of Brandenburg. ... Image File history File links Deutschland_Lage_von_Brandenburg. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries that do not observe summer time Central European Time (CET) is one of the names of the time zone that is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries that do not observe summer time Central European Summer Time (CEST) is one of the names of UTC+2 time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Central European Time West Africa Time British Summer Time* Irish Summer Time* Western European Summer Time* Category: ... Eastern European Time Central Africa Time Israel Standard Time South Africa Standard Time Central European Summer Time West Africa Summer Time Category: ... This list of countries, arranged alphabetically, gives an overview of countries of the world. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... The Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS) is a geocode standard for referencing the administrative division of countries for statistical purposes. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Not to be confused with capitol. ... Potsdam is the capital city of the federal state of Brandenburg in Germany. ... A minister-president (Ministerpräsident) is the head of government of a German federal state; the office corresponds to the governorship of a state in the United States. ... Matthias Platzeck, born 29 December 1953 in Potsdam, is a German politician. ... SPD redirects here. ... “Political Parties” redirects here. ... SPD redirects here. ... The Christian Democratic Union of Germany (CDU — Christlich Demokratische Union Deutschlands) is the second largest political party in Germany. ... The Bundesrat (federal council) is the representation of the 16 Federal States (Länder) of Germany at the federal level. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... This article is about GDP in the context of economics. ... A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos and other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML... Image File history File links De-Brandenburg. ... Lower Sorbian (dolnoserbšćina) is a Slavic minority language spoken in eastern Germany in the historical province of Lower Lusatia, today part of Brandenburg. ... Upper Sorbian (hornjoserbsce) is a minority language of Germany spoken in the historical province of Upper Lusatia, today part of Saxony. ... Germany is a Federal Republic made up of 16 States, known in German as Länder (singular Land). ... This article is about the state which existed from 1949 to 1990. ... Potsdam is the capital city of the federal state of Brandenburg in Germany. ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ...


Historically, Brandenburg was an independent state, the Margraviate of Brandenburg, which grew to become the core of modern Germany. The state of Brandenburg was named after the town of Brandenburg an der Havel. Coat of arms Capital Brandenburg Berlin (from 1417) Religion Roman Catholic Lutheran Calvinist Government Monarchy Margrave  - 1157–70 Albert I  - 1797–1806 Frederick William III History  - Margraviate established 3 October, 1157  - Electorate established 25 December 1356  - Brandenburg-Prussia 27 August 1618  - Kingdom of Prussia 1 January 1701  - Dissolution of the... Brandenburg an der Havel is a town in the state of Brandenburg, Germany. ...

Contents

Geography

See also: List of places in Brandenburg

Brandenburg is bordered by Mecklenburg-Vorpommern in the north, Poland in the east, the Free State of Saxony in the south, Saxony-Anhalt in the west, and Lower Saxony in the northwest. This is a list of geographical features in the state of Brandenburg, Germany. ... Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania (German: Mecklenburg-Vorpommern) is a Bundesland (federal state) in northern Germany. ... The Free State of Saxony (German: Freistaat Sachsen; Sorbian: Swobodny Stat Sakska) has a land area of 18,413 km² and a population of 4. ... With an area of 20,447 km² and a population of 2. ... With an area of 47,618 km and nearly eight million inhabitants, Lower Saxony (German Niedersachsen) lies in north-western Germany and is second in area and fourth in population among the countrys sixteen Bundesl nder (federal states). ...


The Oder River forms a part of the eastern border, the Elbe River a portion of the western border. The main rivers in the state itself are the Spree and the Havel. In the southeast, there is a wetlands region called the Spreewald; it is the northernmost part of Lusatia, where the Sorbs, a Slavic people, still live. These areas are bilingual, i.e., German and Sorbian are both used. The Oder (known in Czech, Slovak and Polish as Odra) is a river in Central Europe. ... This article is about a river in Central Europe. ... This article is about the river in Germany. ... For the Biblical Havel, see Abel. ... The Spreewald Biosphere Reserve The Spreewald (German for Spree forest) is situated 100 km south-east of Berlin and designated a biosphere reserve by UNESCO in 1991. ... Lusatia (German Lausitz, Upper Sorbian Łužica, Lower Sorbian Łužyca, Polish Łużyce, Czech Lužice) is a historical region between the Bóbr and Kwisa rivers and the Elbe river in the eastern German states of Saxony and Brandenburg, south-western Poland (Lower Silesian Voivodeship) and the northern... The Sorbs are a Slavic minority indigenous to the region known as Lusatia in the current German states of Saxony and Brandenburg (in former GDR territory). ... Distribution of Slavic people by language The Slavic peoples are a linguistic and ethnic branch of Indo-European peoples, living mainly in Europe, where they constitute roughly a third of the population. ... This article or section should be merged with List of Sorbian languages The Sorbian languages are members of the West Slavic branch of languages spoken in eastern Germany. ...


Protected areas

Brandenburg is known for its well-preserved natural environment and its ambitious nature protection policy which began in the 1990s. 15 large protected areas were designated following Germany's reunification. Each of them is provided with state-financed administration and a park ranger staff, who guide visitors and work to ensure nature conservation. Most protected areas have visitor centers.


National Parks

The Lower Oder Valley National Park (German: Nationalpark Unteres Odertal; Polish: Park Krajobrazowy Dolina Dolnej Odry) is a common German-Polish nature reserve. ...

Biosphere Reserves

  • Spreewald Biosphere Reserve (474 km²/183 sq mi)
  • Schorfheide-Chorin Biosphere Reserve (1.291 km²/0.5 sq mi)
  • River Landscape Elbe-Brandenburg Biosphere Reserve (533 km²/206 sq mi)

Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... The Spreewald Biosphere Reserve The Spreewald (German for Spree forest) is situated 100 km south-east of Berlin and designated a biosphere reserve by UNESCO in 1991. ... A biosphere reserve is an international conservation designation given by UNESCO under its Programme on Man and the Biosphere (MAB). ... UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... The Spreewald Biosphere Reserve The Spreewald (German for Spree forest) is situated 100 km south-east of Berlin and designated a biosphere reserve by UNESCO in 1991. ...

Nature Parks

  • Barnim Nature Park (750 km²/290 sq mi)
  • Dahme-Heideseen Nature Park (594 km²/229 sq mi)
  • High Fläming Nature Park (827 km²/319 sq mi)
  • Märkische Schweiz Nature Park (204204 km²/79 sq mi)
  • Niederlausitzer Heidelandschaft Nature Park (490 km²/189 sq mi)
  • Niederlausitzer Landrücken Nature Park (580 km²/224 sq mi)
  • Nuthe-Nieplitz Nature Park (623 km²/241 sq mi)
  • Schlaube Valley Nature Park (225 km²/87 sq mi)
  • Uckermark Lakes Nature Park (895 km²/346 sq mi)
  • Westhavelland Nature Park (1.315 km²/0.51 sq mi)
  • Stechlin-Ruppiner Land Nature Park (1.080 km²/0.42 sq mi)

High Fläming Nature Park is a 827 km² nature park in Potsdam-Mittelmark district in the German state Brandenburg. ...

Administration

The capital, Potsdam
The capital, Potsdam

Brandenburg is divided into fourteen (rural) counties (Landkreise), Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1280 × 960 pixel, file size: 231 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1280 × 960 pixel, file size: 231 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Potsdam is the capital city of the federal state of Brandenburg in Germany. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 593 pixelsFull resolution (1458 × 1081 pixel, file size: 585 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Description: view from the hill of Holy Mary (Marienberg) in de:Brandenburg an der Havel Source: Own work Date: 04 April 2006 Author: User:Martinum File... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 593 pixelsFull resolution (1458 × 1081 pixel, file size: 585 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Description: view from the hill of Holy Mary (Marienberg) in de:Brandenburg an der Havel Source: Own work Date: 04 April 2006 Author: User:Martinum File... , Brandenburg an der Havel is a town in the state of Brandenburg, Germany. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2160x1440, 880 KB) Summary The Viadrina European University with the tower of the Marienkirche, Frankfurt (Oder). ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2160x1440, 880 KB) Summary The Viadrina European University with the tower of the Marienkirche, Frankfurt (Oder). ... The front portal of the main building of the Viadrina The Viadrina celebrates the 500th anniversary of its founding in 2006 The Countess Dönhoff Building houses lecture rooms and the dining hall The south side of the main building, showing the Oderturm in the background The Audimax building, known... Frankfurt (Oder) ( Sorbian/Lusatian: Frankobord ) is a city in Brandenburg, Germany located on the Oder River, on the German-Polish border directly opposite the city of Słubice. ...


image:brandenburg.jpg
Districts of Brandenburg File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...

  1. Barnim
  2. Dahme-Spreewald
  3. Elbe-Elster
  4. Havelland
  5. Märkisch-Oderland
  6. Oberhavel
  7. Oberspreewald-Lausitz
  1. Oder-Spree
  2. Ostprignitz-Ruppin
  3. Potsdam-Mittelmark
  4. Prignitz
  5. Spree-Neiße
  6. Teltow-Fläming
  7. Uckermark

and four urban districts (kreisfreie Städte), Barnim is a district in Brandenburg, Germany. ... Dahme-Spreewald is a district in Brandenburg, Germany. ... Elbe-Elster is a Kreis (district) in the southern part of Brandenburg, Germany. ... Havelland is a district in Brandenburg, Germany. ... Märkisch-Oderland is a Kreis (district) in the eastern part of Brandenburg, Germany. ... Oberhavel is a Kreis (district) in the northern part of Brandenburg, Germany. ... Oberspreewald-Lausitz is a Kreis (district) in the southern part of Brandenburg, Germany. ... Oder-Spree is a Kreis (district) in the eastern part of Brandenburg, Germany. ... Ostprignitz-Ruppin is a Kreis (district) in the northwestern part of Brandenburg, Germany. ... Potsdam-Mittelmark is a Kreis (district) in the western part of Brandenburg, Germany. ... Prignitz is a Kreis (district) in the northwestern part of Brandenburg, Germany. ... Spree-Neiße is a Kreis (district) in the southern part of Brandenburg, Germany. ... Teltow-Fläming is a Kreis (district) in the southwestern part of Brandenburg, Germany. ... Uckermark is a Kreis (district) in the northeastern part of Brandenburg, Germany. ...

  1. Brandenburg an der Havel
  2. Cottbus
  3. Frankfurt (Oder)
  4. Potsdam

Brandenburg an der Havel is a town in the state of Brandenburg, Germany. ... Cottbus (Sorbian: Chośebuz, archaic German: Kottbus) is a city in Brandenburg, Germany, situated around 125 km southeast of Berlin on the Spree river. ... Frankfurt (Oder) ( Sorbian/Lusatian: Frankobord ) is a city in Brandenburg, Germany located on the Oder River, on the German-Polish border directly opposite the city of Słubice. ... Potsdam is the capital city of the federal state of Brandenburg in Germany. ...

History


History of Brandenburg and Prussia
Northern March
pre-12th century
Old Prussians
pre-13th century
Margraviate of Brandenburg
11571618 (1806)
Ordenstaat
12241525
Duchy of Prussia
15251618
Royal (Polish) Prussia
14661772
Brandenburg-Prussia
16181701
Kingdom in Prussia
17011772
Kingdom of Prussia
17721918
Free State of Prussia
19181947
Brandenburg
19471952 / 1990

In late medieval and early modern times, Brandenburg was one of seven electoral states of the Holy Roman Empire, and, along with Prussia, formed the original core of the German Empire, the first unified German state. Governed by the Hohenzollern dynasty beginning in 1415, it contained the future German capital Berlin. After 1618 the Margraviate of Brandenburg and the Duchy of Prussia were combined to form Brandenburg-Prussia, which was ruled by the same branch of the House of Hohenzollern. In 1701 the state was elevated as the Kingdom of Prussia. Franconian Nuremberg and Ansbach, Swabian Hohenzollern, the eastern European connections of Berlin, and the status of Brandenburg's ruler as prince-elector together were instrumental in the rise of that state. Image File history File links Brandenburg_Wappen. ... The Prussian flag (small) 1701-1918 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... For other uses, see Prussia (disambiguation). ... The Northern March within the Empire, 10th century. ... (11th century - 12th century - 13th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 12th century was that century which lasted from 1101 to 1200. ... Prussian tribes settlements. ... (12th century - 13th century - 14th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 13th century was that century which lasted from 1201 to 1300. ... Coat of arms Capital Brandenburg Berlin (from 1417) Religion Roman Catholic Lutheran Calvinist Government Monarchy Margrave  - 1157–70 Albert I  - 1797–1806 Frederick William III History  - Margraviate established 3 October, 1157  - Electorate established 25 December 1356  - Brandenburg-Prussia 27 August 1618  - Kingdom of Prussia 1 January 1701  - Dissolution of the... Events Births September 8 - King Richard I of England (died 1199) Leopold V of Austria (died 1194) Hojo Masako, wife of Minamoto no Yoritomo (died 1225) Deaths August 21 - King Alfonso VII of Castile (born 1105) Agnes of Babenberg, daughter of Leopold III of Austria Sweyn III of Denmark Yury... For a bill proposed in USA in 1998, see Bill 1618. ... 1806 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Coat of arms Capital Königsberg (Kaliningrad) Religion Roman Catholicism Government Principality Hochmeister (Grand Master)  - 1209–39 Hermann von Salza  - 1510–25 Albert of Brandenburg-Ansbach Historical era Middle Ages  - Northern Crusades 1224  - Absorbed Livonia 1237  - Purchased Neumark 1404  - Hanseatic cities¹ leave, found Prussian Confed. ... // Foundation of the University of Naples Livonian Brothers of the Sword conquers Latgallians and the stronghold of Tartu from Ugaunian and Russian troops. ... Events January 21 - The Swiss Anabaptist Movement was born when Conrad Grebel, Felix Manz, George Blaurock, and about a dozen others baptized each other in the home of Manzs mother on Neustadt-Gasse, Zürich, breaking a thousand-year tradition of church-state union. ... Coat of arms Duchy of Prussia (striped) in the second half of the 16th century Capital Königsberg Religion Protestant (Lutheran) Government Monarchy Duke of Prussia  - 1525 — 1568 Albert I  - 1568 — 1618 Albert Frederick History  - Secularisation April, 1525  - Personal Union (with Brandenburg) August 27, 1618  - Independence September 19, 1657 The... Events January 21 - The Swiss Anabaptist Movement was born when Conrad Grebel, Felix Manz, George Blaurock, and about a dozen others baptized each other in the home of Manzs mother on Neustadt-Gasse, Zürich, breaking a thousand-year tradition of church-state union. ... For a bill proposed in USA in 1998, see Bill 1618. ... Map of Royal Prussia (light pink) History  - Established October 19, 1466  - Loss of autonomy 1 July 1569  - Annexed August 5, 1772 Royal Prussia (German: ; Polish: ) was a province of the Kingdom of Poland and then the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth from 1569 to 1772. ... Events Chimú Empire conquered by troops of the Inca End of term for Regent of Sweden Jöns Bengtsson Oxenstierna. ... Year 1772 (MDCCLXXII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... The Brandenburg-Prussian state was formed in 1618 when the Duchy of Prussia came under the control of the Elector of Brandenburg (part of the Holy Roman Empire of German Nation). ... For a bill proposed in USA in 1998, see Bill 1618. ... Events January 18 - Frederick I becomes King of Prussia. ... Anthem Preußenlied, Heil dir im Siegerkranz (both unofficial) The Kingdom of Prussia at its greatest extent, at the time of the formation of the German Empire, 1871 Capital Berlin Government Monarchy King  - 1701 — 1713 Frederick I (first)  - 1888 — 1918 William II (last) Prime minister  - 1848 Adolf Heinrich von Arnim... Events January 18 - Frederick I becomes King of Prussia. ... Year 1772 (MDCCLXXII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... Anthem Preußenlied, Heil dir im Siegerkranz (both unofficial) The Kingdom of Prussia at its greatest extent, at the time of the formation of the German Empire, 1871 Capital Berlin Government Monarchy King  - 1701 — 1713 Frederick I (first)  - 1888 — 1918 William II (last) Prime minister  - 1848 Adolf Heinrich von Arnim... Year 1772 (MDCCLXXII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... The Free State of Prussia (blue), within Germany at the time of the Weimar Republic Capital Berlin Government Republic Minister-President  - 1918 Friedrich Ebert  - 1920-19321 Otto Braun  - 1933-1945 Hermann Göring Historical era Interwar period  - Established 9 November, 1918  - Preußenschlag 20 July 1932  - Abolition (de facto) 30... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... Year 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1947 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1947 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1952 (MCMLII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... Coat of arms Capital Brandenburg Berlin (from 1417) Religion Roman Catholic Lutheran Calvinist Government Monarchy Margrave  - 1157–70 Albert I  - 1797–1806 Frederick William III History  - Margraviate established 3 October, 1157  - Electorate established 25 December 1356  - Brandenburg-Prussia 27 August 1618  - Kingdom of Prussia 1 January 1701  - Dissolution of the... The prince-electors or electoral princes of the Holy Roman Empire — German: Kurfürst (singular) Kurfürsten (plural) — were the members of the electoral college of the Holy Roman Empire, having the function of electing the Emperors of Germany. ... This article is about the medieval empire. ... For German colonial territories, see German Colonial Empire. ... Hohenzollern redirects here. ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ... Coat of arms Capital Brandenburg Berlin (from 1417) Religion Roman Catholic Lutheran Calvinist Government Monarchy Margrave  - 1157–70 Albert I  - 1797–1806 Frederick William III History  - Margraviate established 3 October, 1157  - Electorate established 25 December 1356  - Brandenburg-Prussia 27 August 1618  - Kingdom of Prussia 1 January 1701  - Dissolution of the... Coat of arms Duchy of Prussia (striped) in the second half of the 16th century Capital Königsberg Religion Protestant (Lutheran) Government Monarchy Duke of Prussia  - 1525 — 1568 Albert I  - 1568 — 1618 Albert Frederick History  - Secularisation April, 1525  - Personal Union (with Brandenburg) August 27, 1618  - Independence September 19, 1657 The... The Brandenburg-Prussian state was formed in 1618 when the Duchy of Prussia came under the control of the Elector of Brandenburg (part of the Holy Roman Empire of German Nation). ... Hohenzollern redirects here. ... Anthem Preußenlied, Heil dir im Siegerkranz (both unofficial) The Kingdom of Prussia at its greatest extent, at the time of the formation of the German Empire, 1871 Capital Berlin Government Monarchy King  - 1701 — 1713 Frederick I (first)  - 1888 — 1918 William II (last) Prime minister  - 1848 Adolf Heinrich von Arnim... “Nürnberg” redirects here. ... Ansbach, or Anspach, originally Onolzbach, is a town in Bavaria, Germany. ... Burg Hohenzollern Burg Hohenzollern is a castle in the rough vicinity of Stuttgart, Germany. ... The prince-electors or electoral princes of the Holy Roman Empire — German: Kurfürst (singular) Kurfürsten (plural) — were the members of the electoral college of the Holy Roman Empire, having the function of electing the Emperors of Germany. ...


Early Middle Ages

Main article: Northern March

Brandenburg is situated in territory known in antiquity as Magna Germania, which reached to the Vistula river. By the seventh century, Slavic peoples are believed to have settled in the Brandenburg area. The Slavs expanded from the east, possibly driven from their homelands in present-day Ukraine and perhaps Belarus by the invasions of the Huns and Avars. They relied heavily on river transport. The two principal Slavic groups in the present-day area of Brandenburg were the Hevelli in the west and the Sprevane in the east. The Northern March within the Empire, 10th century. ... Map of the Roman Empire and Germania Magna in the early 2nd century. ... Distribution of Slavic people by language The Slavic peoples are a linguistic and ethnic branch of Indo-European peoples, living mainly in Europe, where they constitute roughly a third of the population. ... The Huns were an early confederation of Central Asian equestrian nomads or semi-nomads. ... Late Avar period Map showing the location of Avar Khaganate, c. ... Lands of the Hevelli (Heveller), ca. ... The Sprevane or Sprevani (German: ; Slavonic: Sprevjane) name were a Slavic tribe who lived around the river Spree, where Berlin is now, in the Brandenburg area of eastern Germany. ...


Beginning in the early 900s, Henry the Fowler and his successors conquered territory up to the Oder River. Slavic settlements such as Brenna[2] (Brandenburg an der Havel), Budusin[3] (Bautzen), and Chośebuz[4] (Cottbus) came under imperial control through the installation of margraves. Their main function was to defend and protect the eastern marches. In 948 Emperor Otto I established margraves to exert imperial control over the pagan Slavs west of the Oder River. Otto founded the Bishoprics of Brandenburg and Havelberg. The Northern March was founded as a northeastern border territory of the Holy Roman Empire. However, a great uprising of Wends drove imperial forces from the territory of present-day Brandenburg in 983. The region returned to the control of Slavic leaders. Heinrich I depicted as The Bamberg Knight Henry I, the Fowler (German: Heinrich der Finkler or Heinrich der Vogler) (876 - July 2, 936), was Duke of Saxony from 912 and king of the Germans from 919 until his death in 936. ... The Oder (known in Czech, Slovak and Polish as Odra) is a river in Central Europe. ... , Brandenburg an der Havel is a town in the state of Brandenburg, Germany. ... Bautzen (pronounced , listen, until 1868: Budissin; Upper Sorbian: BudyÅ¡in; Lower Sorbian: BudyÅ¡yn; , listen; Polish: Budziszyn; Czech: Budyšín) is a city in eastern Saxony, Germany, and capital of the eponymous district. ... Cottbus (Sorbian: ChoÅ›ebuz, archaic German: Kottbus) is a city in Brandenburg, Germany, situated around 125 km southeast of Berlin on the Spree river. ... This article is about the medieval empire. ... Mark or march (or various plural forms of these words) are derived from the Frankish word marka (boundary) and refer to a border region, e. ... For others with the same name, see Otto I (disambiguation). ... The Bishopric of Brandenburg was a Roman Catholic diocese established by Otto the Great in 948, including the territory between the Elbe on the west, the Oder on the east, and the Black Elster on the south, and taking in the Uckermark to the north. ... The See of Havelberg was founded in 946. ... The Northern March within the Empire, 10th century. ... This article is about the medieval empire. ... Vend redirects here. ...


12th century

Eisenhard Castle in Belzig
Eisenhard Castle in Belzig

During the 12th century the Ottonian German kings and emperors re-established control over the mixed Slav-inhabited lands of present-day Brandenburg, although some Slavs like the Sorbs in Lusatia adapted to Germanization while retaining their distinctiveness. The Roman Catholic Church brought bishoprics which, with their walled towns, afforded protection from attacks for the townspeople. With the monks and bishops, the history of the town of Brandenburg an der Havel, which was the first center of the state of Brandenburg, began. In 1134, in the wake of a German crusade against the Wends, the German magnate Albert the Bear was granted the Northern March by the Emperor Lothar II. He formally inherited the town of Brandenburg and the lands of the Hevelli from their last Wendish ruler, Pribislav, in 1150. After crushing a force of Sprevane who occupied the town of Brandenburg in the 1150s, Albert proclaimed himself ruler of the new Margraviate of Brandenburg. Albert, and his descendants the Ascanians, then made considerable progress in conquering, colonizing, Christianizing, and cultivating lands as far east as the Oder. Within this region, Slavic and German residents intermarried. During the 13th century the Ascanians began acquiring territory east of the Oder, later known as the Neumark (see also Altmark). Image File history File linksMetadata Belzig_Burg_2. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Belzig_Burg_2. ... Town in Brandenburg, Germany. ... Ottonian dynasty is a name sometimes given to a ruling dynasty of German kings, sometimes regarded as the first dynasty of the Holy Roman Empire, (though Charlemagne is commonly viewed as the original founder. ... The Sorbs are a Slavic minority indigenous to the region known as Lusatia in the current German states of Saxony and Brandenburg (in former GDR territory). ... Lusatia (German Lausitz, Upper Sorbian Łužica, Lower Sorbian Łužyca, Polish Łużyce, Czech Lužice) is a historical region between the Bóbr and Kwisa rivers and the Elbe river in the eastern German states of Saxony and Brandenburg, south-western Poland (Lower Silesian Voivodeship) and the northern... Catholic Church redirects here. ... Brandenburg an der Havel is a town in the state of Brandenburg, Germany. ... The Northern Crusades, or Baltic Crusades, were undertaken by Western Europeans against the still heathen people of North Eastern Europe around the Baltic Sea. ... Vend redirects here. ... Albert I (c. ... The Northern March within the Empire, 10th century. ... Lothair II of Supplinburg ( 1075– 1137), was the Duke of Saxony ( 1106), King of Germany ( 1125), and Holy Roman Emperor from 1133 to 1137. ... Pribislav Henry (German: ; ca. ... Coat of arms Capital Brandenburg Berlin (from 1417) Religion Roman Catholic Lutheran Calvinist Government Monarchy Margrave  - 1157–70 Albert I  - 1797–1806 Frederick William III History  - Margraviate established 3 October, 1157  - Electorate established 25 December 1356  - Brandenburg-Prussia 27 August 1618  - Kingdom of Prussia 1 January 1701  - Dissolution of the... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Neumark can refer to a region in western Poland, see Neumark (region) a city in Thuringia, see Neumark, Thuringia a municipality in Saxony, see Neumark, Saxony the former German name of Nowe Miasto Lubawskie, Poland This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might... Altmark is a region in Germany, between Hamburg and Magdeburg, the northern third of Saxony-Anhalt (the districts of Altmarkkreis Salzwedel and Stendal). ...


Late Middle Ages

In 1320 the Brandenburg Ascanian line came to an end, and from 1323 up until 1415 Brandenburg was under the control of the Wittelsbachs of Bavaria, followed by the Luxembourg dynasty. Under the Luxembourgs, the Margrave of Brandenburg gained the status of a prince-elector of the Holy Roman Empire. In 1415, the Electorate of Brandenburg was granted by Emperor Sigismund to the House of Hohenzollern, which would rule until the end of World War I. The Hohenzollerns established their capital in Berlin, by then the economic center of Brandenburg. The Wittelsbach family is an European royal family and a German dynasty from Bavaria. ... For other uses, see Bavaria (disambiguation). ... Historically the Margrave of Brandenburg was one of the most powerful titles in the Holy Roman Empire in being one of the 4 temporal electors and so being one of only 7 lords in the empire with a say in who became the next emperor. ... The prince-electors or electoral princes of the Holy Roman Empire — German: Kurfürst (singular) Kurfürsten (plural) — were the members of the electoral college of the Holy Roman Empire, having the function of electing the Emperors of Germany. ... Sigismund, aged approximately 50, depicted by unknown artist in the 1420s — the only contemporary portrait. ... Hohenzollern redirects here. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ...


16th and 17th centuries

Main article: Brandenburg-Prussia

Brandenburg converted to Protestantism in 1539 in the wake of the Protestant Reformation, and generally did quite well in the 16th century, with the expansion of trade along the Elbe, Havel, and Spree Rivers. The Hohenzollerns expanded their territory by acquiring the Duchy of Prussia in 1618, the Duchy of Cleves (1614) in the Rhineland, and territories in Westphalia. The result was a sprawling, disconnected country known as Brandenburg-Prussia that was in poor shape to defend itself during the Thirty Years' War. The Brandenburg-Prussian state was formed in 1618 when the Duchy of Prussia came under the control of the Elector of Brandenburg (part of the Holy Roman Empire of German Nation). ... Protestantism encompasses the forms of Christian faith and practice that originated with the doctrines of the Reformation. ... “Reformation” redirects here. ... Coat of arms Duchy of Prussia (striped) in the second half of the 16th century Capital Königsberg Religion Protestant (Lutheran) Government Monarchy Duke of Prussia  - 1525 — 1568 Albert I  - 1568 — 1618 Albert Frederick History  - Secularisation April, 1525  - Personal Union (with Brandenburg) August 27, 1618  - Independence September 19, 1657 The... The Duchy of Cleves (Herzogtum Kleve) was a state of the Holy Roman Empire in present Germany (part of North Rhine-Westphalia) and the Netherlands (parts of Limburg, Noord-Brabant and Gelderland). ... The Rhineland (Rheinland in German) is the general name for the land on both sides of the river Rhine in the west of Germany. ... Westphalia (German: Westfalen) is a region in Germany, centred on the cities of Bielefeld, Dortmund, Gelsenkirchen, Münster, and Osnabrück and included in the states of North Rhine-Westphalia and Lower Saxony. ... The Brandenburg-Prussian state was formed in 1618 when the Duchy of Prussia came under the control of the Elector of Brandenburg (part of the Holy Roman Empire of German Nation). ... Combatants Sweden  Bohemia Denmark-Norway (Until 1643) Dutch Republic France Scotland England Saxony  Holy Roman Empire ( Catholic League) Spain Austria Bavaria Commanders Frederick V Buckingham Leven Gustav II Adolf â€  Johan Baner Cardinal Richelieu Louis II de Bourbon Turenne Christian IV of Denmark Bernhard of Saxe-Weimar Johann Georg I of...


Beginning near the end of that devastating conflict, however, Brandenburg enjoyed a string of talented rulers who expanded their territory and power in Europe. The first of these was Frederick William, the so-called "Great Elector", who worked tirelessly to rebuild and consolidate the nation. He moved the royal residence to Potsdam. Frederick William, Elector of Brandenburg. ... Potsdam is the capital city of the federal state of Brandenburg in Germany. ...


Kingdom of Prussia and united Germany

Main article: Kingdom of Prussia
Sanssouci Palace, the former summer palace of Frederick the Great, today a World Heritage site
Sanssouci Palace, the former summer palace of Frederick the Great, today a World Heritage site

When Frederick William died in 1688, he was followed by his son Frederick, third of that name in Brandenburg. As the lands that had been acquired in Prussia were outside the boundaries of the Holy Roman Empire, Frederick assumed (as Frederick I) the title of "King in Prussia" (1701). Although his self-promotion from margrave to king relied on his title to the Duchy of Prussia, Brandenburg was still the most important portion of the kingdom. However, this combined kingdom is known as the Kingdom of Prussia. Anthem Preußenlied, Heil dir im Siegerkranz (both unofficial) The Kingdom of Prussia at its greatest extent, at the time of the formation of the German Empire, 1871 Capital Berlin Government Monarchy King  - 1701 — 1713 Frederick I (first)  - 1888 — 1918 William II (last) Prime minister  - 1848 Adolf Heinrich von Arnim... Download high resolution version (2544x930, 658 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (2544x930, 658 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... ... Frederick the Great Frederick II of Prussia (Friedrich der Große, Frederick the Great, January 24, 1712 – August 17, 1786) was the Hohenzollern king of Prussia 1740–86. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... Frederick I of Prussia (German: , July 11, 1657 – February 25, 1713), of the Hohenzollern dynasty, was (as Frederick III; ) Elector of Brandenburg (1688–1713) and the first King in Prussia (1701 – 1713). ... It is the little word in that makes the title King in Prussia (German König in Preussen) an extraordinary one. ... Anthem Preußenlied, Heil dir im Siegerkranz (both unofficial) The Kingdom of Prussia at its greatest extent, at the time of the formation of the German Empire, 1871 Capital Berlin Government Monarchy King  - 1701 — 1713 Frederick I (first)  - 1888 — 1918 William II (last) Prime minister  - 1848 Adolf Heinrich von Arnim...


Brandenburg remained the core of the Kingdom of Prussia, and it was the site of the kingdom's capitals, Berlin and Potsdam. When Prussia was subdivided into provinces in 1815, the territory of the Margraviate of Brandenburg became the Province of Brandenburg. In 1881, the City of Berlin was separated from the Province of Brandenburg. However, industrial towns ringing Berlin lay within Brandenburg, and the growth of the region's industrial economy brought an increase in the population of the province. The Province of Brandenburg had an area of 39,039 km² (15,073 sq mi) and a population of 2.6 million (1925). After World War II, the Neumark, the part of Brandenburg east of the Oder-Neisse Line, was annexed by Poland; the remainder of the province became a state when Prussia was dissolved in 1947. The State of Brandenburg was dissolved in 1952 by the government of East Germany. The Province of Brandenburg (German: ) was a province of the Kingdom of Prussia and the Free State of Prussia from 1815 to 1946. ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Neumark was a territorial unit created in the Middle Ages by Brandenburg on the border between Pomerania and Great Poland. ... The Oder-Neisse line (Polish: , German: ) marked the border between German Democratic Republic and Poland between 1950 and 1990. ... This article is about the state which existed from 1949 to 1990. ...


East Germany and reunified Germany

Main article: German reunification

In 1952, the East German government divided Brandenburg among several Bezirke or districts. (See Administrative division of the German Democratic Republic). Most of Brandenburg lay within the Potsdam, Frankfurt (Oder), or Cottbus districts, but parts of the former province passed to the Schwerin and Neubrandenburg districts. East Germany relied heavily on lignite as an energy source, and lignite strip mines marred areas of eastern Brandenburg. The industrial towns surrounding Berlin were important to the East German economy, while western Brandenburg remained mainly agricultural. This article is about the 1990 German reunification. ... Subdivisions of the German Democratic Republic Subdivisions of the German Democratic Republic from 1952 Following the redrawing of Germanys national boundaries after 1945, there were five states or Länder in the Soviet controlled eastern zone: Brandenburg, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania (Mecklenburg-Vorpommern), Saxony (Sachsen), Saxony-Anhalt (Sachsen-Anhalt), and... Coal Coal is a fossil fuel extracted from the ground by mining. ...


The present State of Brandenburg was re-established a few months before German reunification in 1990. As in other former parts of East Germany, the lack of modern infrastructure and exposure to West Germany's competitive market economy brought widespread joblessness and economic difficulty. In the recent years, however, Brandenburg's infrastructure has been modernized and joblessness has slowly declined. In 1995 the governments of Berlin and Brandenburg proposed to merge the states in order to form a new state with the name of "Berlin-Brandenburg". The merger was rejected in a plebiscite in 1996: While West Berliners voted for a merger, East Berliners and Brandenburgers voted against it. This article is about the 1990 German reunification. ... A referendum (plural: referendums or referenda) or plebiscite is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is asked to either accept or reject a particular proposal. ...


Politics

List of minister presidents of Brandenburg

Matthias Platzeck
Matthias Platzeck
For earlier rulers, see List of rulers of Brandenburg
  1. 1947 - 1949: Karl Steinhoff (SED, formerly SPD)
  2. 1949 - 1952: Rudolf Jahn (SED)
  3. 1990 - 2002: Manfred Stolpe (SPD)
  4. since 2002: Matthias Platzeck (SPD)

Image File history File links Matplatzeck. ... Image File history File links Matplatzeck. ... The Margrave of Brandenburg was one of the seven Electors of the Holy Roman Empire created by the Golden Bull of 1356. ... Karl Steinhoff (November 24, 1892 – July 19, 1981) was a Minister-President (Ministerpräsident) of the German state (Land) of Brandenburg, then part of East Germany, and later served as East Germanys Minister of the Interior. ... The party emblem represented the handshake between Communist Wilhelm Pieck and Social Democrat Otto Grotewohl when their parties merged in 1946 The Socialist Unity Party of Germany (SED) (German: Sozialistische Einheitspartei Deutschlands) was the governing party of East Germany from its formation in 1949 until the elections of 1990. ... SPD redirects here. ... Federal Minister of Transport, Building and Housing of the Federal Republic of Germany. ... Matthias Platzeck, born 29 December 1953 in Potsdam, is a German politician. ...

September, 2004 State Election

seat results - September 19, 2004
seat results - September 19, 2004
See also Elections in Germany
party 1999 2004 Difference
 % S  % S  % S
Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD) 39.3 37 31.9 33 -7.4 -4
The Left Party (Die Linke.) 23.3 22 28.0 29 +4.7 +7
Christian Democratic Union (CDU) 26.6 25 19.4 20 -7.2 -5
German People's Union (DVU) 5.3 5 6.1 6 +0.8 +1
all others 5.5 0 14.6 0 +9.1 ±0

Image File history File links 060416_bran. ... Image File history File links 060416_bran. ... Elections in Germany gives information on election and election results in Germany, including elections to the Federal Diet (the lower house of the federal parliament), the Landtage of the various states, and local elections. ... SPD redirects here. ... The Left Party (In German: , officially with a period at the end), formerly Party of Democratic Socialism (Partei des Demokratischen Sozialismus, PDS) is a left-wing socialist political party in Germany. ... The Christian Democratic Union of Germany (CDU — Christlich Demokratische Union Deutschlands) is the second largest political party in Germany. ... The German Peoples Union (German: Deutsche Volksunion, DVU) is a far-right political party in Germany. ...

Miscellaneous

The coat of arms of Brandenburg is a red eagle on white. Coat of arms of Brandenburg This article is about the coat of arms of the German state of Brandenburg. ... The Polish coat of arms has an eagle as the main subject. ...


Brandenburg is served by the same three airports that serve Berlin. They are Tegel International Airport, Tempelhof International Airport, and Schönefeld International Airport. Schönefeld Airport will eventually become Berlin-Brandenburg International Airport, while Tempelhof will close after BBI is established. This article is about the capital of Germany. ... Tegel International Airport Otto Lilienthal (IATA: TXL, ICAO: EDDT) (often shortened to Tegel) is an airport in Berlin, Germany. ... Exterior of Tempelhof Airport. ... Landsat image of SXF Schönefeld International Airport (Flughafen Berlin-Schönefeld) (IATA: SXF, ICAO: EDDB)is an international airport located on the south-eastern outskirts of Berlin, Germany, near Brandenburg, Germany. ... Berlin-Brandenburg International Airport (Flughafen Berlin-Brandenburg International) is the tentative new name of Berlin-Schönefeld International Airport (Flughafen Berlin-Schönefeld) in Schönefeld, Germany, near Berlin, slated for completion in 2011. ...


References

  1. ^ State population. Portal of the Federal Statistics Office Germany. Retrieved on 2007-04-25.
  2. ^ Barford, Paul M. (2001). The Early Slavs: Culture and Society in Early Medieval Eastern Europe. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 421. ISBN 0801439779. 
  3. ^ Institut für Sorbische Volksforschung in Bautzen (1962). Lětopis Instituta za serbski ludospyt. Bautzen: Domowina. 
  4. ^ Room, Adrian (2006). Placenames of the World. Jefferson: McFarland & Company, 433. ISBN 0786422483. 

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 115th day of the year (116th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Brandenburg - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1160 words)
Brandenburg is bordered by Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania in the north, Poland in the east, Saxony in the south, Saxony-Anhalt in the west and Lower Saxony in the northwest.
Brandenburg was one of the German states to switch in 1539 to Protestantism in the wake of the Reformation, and generally did quite well in the century following, as the dynasty expanded its lands to include the Duchy of Prussia in 1618 and along the lower Rhine Duchy of Cleves (1614) and elsewhere.
Brandenburg was still the most important portion of the kingdom (and the state was often referred to informally as Brandenburg-Prussia) but for the purposes of accuracy, the continuation of this history can be found at Prussia.
Brandenburg.html (1227 words)
Brandenburg's large pine forests, silvery sand, numerous lakes and waterways cross the land along the Havel river and in the Rheinsberg lake region and is simply a nature lover's delight.
Geographical data: Brandenburg, the largest of the new German federal states, borders Poland to the east and surrounds Berlin: The farmland, the Schorfheide and the Uckermark regions to the north are a contrast to the Flaming hills to the south and the lakes to the west.
Commencing with the feudal tenure of the March of Brandenburg for the dynasty of Hohenzollern in 1419, a new era was initiated: This dynasty was to rule for the ensuing five centuries--as electors of Brandenburg, kings of Prussia, and emperors of Germany.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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