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Encyclopedia > Branchburg Township, New Jersey
Map of Branchburg Township in Somerset County
Map of Branchburg Township in Somerset County

Branchburg Township is a Township in Somerset County, New Jersey, United States. As of the United States 2000 Census, the township population was 14,566. Image File history File links Branchburg_twp_nj_035. ... Image File history File links Branchburg_twp_nj_035. ... Modern forms of municipal government Walsh Act/Commission 1923 Municipal Manager Faulkner Act forms of municipal government Mayor-Council Council-Manager Small Municipality Mayor-Council-Administrator A township, in the context of New Jersey local government, refers to one of five types and one of eleven forms of municipal government. ... Somerset County is a county located in the U.S. state of New Jersey. ... Official language(s) None, English de facto Capital Trenton Largest city Newark Area  Ranked 47th  - Total 8,729 sq mi (22,608 km²)  - Width 70 miles (110 km)  - Length 150 miles (240 km)  - % water 14. ... The United States Census of year 2000, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ...


Branchburg Township has a history dating back to before the American Revolutionary War. The Township was established in 1845. Branchburg ranks seventh in size among Somerset County's twenty-one municipalities, and covers a total area of 20.3 square miles, being eleven miles long and approximately 2 miles across at its widest point. The hamlets of North Branch and Neshanic Station are included within Branchburg Township, which brings the ambiance of small villages and charm to the area. Combatants American Revolutionaries, France, Dutch Republic, Spain, American Indians Kingdom of Great Britain, German mercenaries, Loyalists, American Indians Commanders George Washington, Comte de Rochambeau, Nathanael Greene, Bernardo de Gálvez Sir William Howe, Sir Henry Clinton, Lord Cornwallis (more commanders) The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), also known as the... North Branch is an unincorporated community and hamlet located within Branchburg Township, in Somerset County, New Jersey. ... Neshanic is an unincorporated community within Hillsborough Township, Somerset County in the U.S. state of New Jersey. ...

Contents

History

The land now known as Branchburg Township was originally inhabited by the Raritans, a tribe of the Lenni Lenape Native Americans. By 1686 most of the land was purchased from the Lenape by the Lords Proprietors of East Jersey. These Proprietors sold the land in small parcels to numerous settlers, mostly of Dutch or English extraction. Branchburg at that time was located in a large area called East Jersey, but more specifically, it encompassed parts of modern day Essex and Middlesex Counties as well as Somerset County. County boundaries were a subject of controversy until 1741 when Somerset County acquired parts of Middlesex and Essex Counties, nearly doubling its size. Due to the expansion of Somerset County, Branchburg finally lay entirely within the County where it is presently located. The Raritan people were a tribe of Lenape Indians who inhabited the areas around the present Raritan Bay in northern New Jersey and Staten Island, New York. ... The Lenape or Lenni-Lenape (later named Delaware Indians by Europeans) were, in the 1600s, loosely organized bands of Native American people practicing small-scale agriculture to augment a largely mobile hunter-gatherer society in the region around the Delaware River, the lower Hudson River, and western Long Island Sound. ... Native Americans are the indigenous peoples within the territory that is now encompassed by the continental United States, including parts of Alaska down to their descendants in modern times. ... The original provinces of West and East New Jersey are shown in yellow and green respectively. ... This article is about the English as an ethnic group and nation. ... Essex County is a county located in the northeastern part of the state of New Jersey. ... Middlesex County is a county located in the U.S. state of New Jersey. ... Somerset County is a county located in the U.S. state of New Jersey. ...


Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 52.5 km² (20.3 mi²), all land. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


The Township is bordered on the west by Hunterdon County; on the north by Bedminster Township and on the south by Bridgewater Township and Hillsborough Township. The main watercourses are the Lamington River on the north, the North Branch of the Raritan River on the east and the South Branch of the Raritan River on the east and south. These rivers along with small streams and brooks are excellent for fishermen who enjoy trout stocked streams and rivers. Hunterdon County is a county located in the state of New Jersey. ... Map of Bedminster Township in Somerset County Bedminster Township is a Township located in Somerset County, New Jersey. ... Map of Bridgewater Township in Somerset County Thirteen Star Flag at the site of the former Middlebrook encampment in Bridgewater is displayed continuously Bridgewater Township is a Township located in Somerset County, New Jersey. ... Map of Hillsborough Township in Somerset County Hillsborough Township is a Township in Somerset County, New Jersey, United States. ... The Lamington River, known as the Black River upstream of Pottersville, is a tributary of the North Branch Raritan River in central New Jersey in the United States. ... The North Branch Raritan River is a tributary of the Raritan River in central New Jersey in the United States. ... The South Branch Raritan River is a tributary of the Raritan River in central New Jersey in the United States. ...


Demographics

As of the census2 of 2000, there were 14,566 people, 5,272 households, and 4,064 families residing in the township. The population density was 277.6/km² (719.1/mi²). There were 5,405 housing units at an average density of 103.0/km² (266.8/mi²). The racial makeup of the township was 90.44% White, 1.95% African American, 0.10% Native American, 6.17% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.39% from other races, and 0.92% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.69% of the population. 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... The following is a list of sources used in the creation of encyclopedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... Race, as defined by the United States Census Bureau and the Federal Office of Management and Budget, is a self-identification data item in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There were 5,272 households out of which 39.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 69.6% were married couples living together, 5.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.9% were non-families. 18.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.76 and the average family size was 3.19. Matrimony redirects here. ...


In the township the population was spread out with 27.3% under the age of 18, 4.5% from 18 to 24, 34.6% from 25 to 44, 25.3% from 45 to 64, and 8.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 96.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.2 males.


The median income for a household in the township was $96,864, and the median income for a family was $110,268. Males had a median income of $70,726 versus $47,786 for females. The per capita income for the township was $41,241. About 1.1% of families and 1.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.4% of those under age 18 and 5.0% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Government

Local government

Members of the Township Committee are Mayor Kate Sarles (term ends December 31, 2006), Deputy Mayor Tom Young (2007), Robert Bouwman (2008), James Leonard (2007) and John Sanford (2006).[1] A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... December 31 is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Deputy Mayor of a community is the number two official to the mayor. ...


Federal, state and county representation

Branchburg Township is in the Seventh Congressional District and is part of New Jersey's 16th Legislative District.[2]


New Jersey's Seventh Congressional District, covering portions of Hunterdon County, Middlesex County, Somerset County and Union County, is represented by Mike Ferguson (R). New Jersey is represented in the Senate by Frank Lautenberg (D, Cliffside Park) and Robert Menendez (D, Hoboken). New Jerseys 7th Congressional District for the 109th Congress touches four counties and 54 municipalities, and is currently represented by Republican Congressman Mike Ferguson. ... Hunterdon County is a county located in the state of New Jersey. ... Middlesex County is a county located in the U.S. state of New Jersey. ... Somerset County is a county located in the U.S. state of New Jersey. ... Union County is a county located in the U.S. state of New Jersey. ... Michael A. Ferguson (born June 22, 1970 in Ridgewood, New Jersey) has been a Republican member of the United States House of Representatives for New Jerseys 7th Congressional District (map) since 2001. ... For other uses, see Republican Party (disambiguation) or GOP (disambiguation). ... Seal of the U.S. Senate The United States Senate is one of the two chambers of the bicameral United States Congress, the other being the House of Representatives. ... Frank Raleigh Lautenberg (born January 23, 1924) is a businessman and Democratic Party politician. ... The Democratic Party is one of two major political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. ... Map highlighting Cliffside Parks location within Bergen County. ... Robert Bob Menendez (born January 1, 1954) is a Democratic junior Senator from New Jersey. ... The Democratic Party is one of two major political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. ... Map of New Jersey highlighting Hoboken Image of Hoboken taken by NASA (red line shows where Hoboken is). ...


The 16th legislative district of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Walter Kavanaugh (R, Somerville) and in the Assembly by Christopher Bateman (R, Somerville) and Peter J. Biondi (R, Somerville). The Governor of New Jersey is Jon Corzine (D, Hoboken). The Legislature of New Jersey is the U.S. state of New Jerseys legislative branch, seated in the New Jersey State House at the states capital, Trenton. ... The Legislature of New Jersey is the U.S. state of New Jerseys legislative branch, seated in the New Jersey State House at the states capital, Trenton. ... The New Jersey Senate is the upper house of the New Jersey Legislature. ... Sen. ... The Republican Party, often called the GOP (for Grand Old Party, although one early citation described it as the Gallant Old Party) [1], is one of the two major political parties in the United States. ... Map of Somerville in Somerset County 9/11 Memorial and Court House, Somerville The Old Dutch Parsonage, home of Jacob Rutsen Hardenbergh and John Frelinghuysen Somerville is a Borough in Somerset County, New Jersey, United States. ... The New Jersey General Assembly is the lower house of the New Jersey Legislature. ... Assemblyman Christopher Bateman Christopher Bateman (born October 9, 1957 in Somerville, New Jersey) has served in the New Jersey General Assembly since 1994 and represents the 16th legislative district. ... The Republican Party, often called the GOP (for Grand Old Party, although one early citation described it as the Gallant Old Party) [1], is one of the two major political parties in the United States. ... Map of Somerville in Somerset County 9/11 Memorial and Court House, Somerville The Old Dutch Parsonage, home of Jacob Rutsen Hardenbergh and John Frelinghuysen Somerville is a Borough in Somerset County, New Jersey, United States. ... Assemblyman Peter J. Biondi Peter J. Biondi (born June 23, 1942) has served in the New Jersey General Assembly since 1998 and represents the 16th legislative district. ... The Republican Party, often called the GOP (for Grand Old Party, although one early citation described it as the Gallant Old Party) [1], is one of the two major political parties in the United States. ... Map of Somerville in Somerset County 9/11 Memorial and Court House, Somerville The Old Dutch Parsonage, home of Jacob Rutsen Hardenbergh and John Frelinghuysen Somerville is a Borough in Somerset County, New Jersey, United States. ... The Governor of New Jersey is the chief executive of the U.S. state of New Jersey. ... Jon Stevens Corzine (born January 1, 1947) is the current Democratic Governor of the state of New Jersey. ... The Democratic Party is one of two major political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. ... Map of New Jersey highlighting Hoboken Image of Hoboken taken by NASA (red line shows where Hoboken is). ...


Somerset County is governed by a five-member Board of Chosen Freeholders. Somerset County's Freeholders are: Freeholder Director Rick Fontana, Freeholder Deputy Director Ken Scherer, Denise Coyle, Peter S. Palmer and Robert Zaborowski. Somerset County is a county located in the U.S. state of New Jersey. ... The Board of Chosen Freeholders is the legislative body in each of the 21 counties in New Jersey. ...


Transportation

Branchburg Township is centrally located with access to major roadways and highways. U.S. Route 202 and U.S. Route 22 travel through the township with easy passage to Interstate 78, Interstate 287 and Route 206, enabling residents to travel to New York City and Philadelphia within one hour. United States Highway 202 is a highway stretching from Delaware to Maine, also passing through the states of Pennsylvania, New Jersey, New York, Connecticut, Massachusetts, and New Hampshire. ... Signs for U-turn ramps on US 22 in Union County, New Jersey United States Highway 22, an east-west route, is one of the original United States highways of 1926. ... This Interstate Highway article needs to be cleaned up to conform to both a higher standard of article quality and accepted design standards outlined in the WikiProject U.S. Interstate Highways. ... 287 Sign Interstate 287 (abbreviated I-287) is a major interstate highway in New Jersey and New York. ... U.S. Highway 206 is a north-south United States highway in New Jersey and Pennsylvania, United States. ... Nickname: Big Apple, Gotham Location in the state of New York Coordinates: Country United States State New York Boroughs The Bronx Brooklyn Manhattan Queens Staten Island Settled 1613 Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R) Area    - City 1,214. ... Nickname: City of Brotherly Love, Philly, the Cradle of Liberty, the City That Loves You Back, the Quaker City, The Birthplace of America Motto: Philadelphia maneto - Let brotherly love continue Location in Pennsylvania Coordinates: Country United States State Pennsylvania County Philadelphia Founded October 27, 1682 Incorporated October 25, 1701 Mayor...


Bus service between New York City and Allentown, Pennsylvania on the Transport of New Jersey bus line is available on a daily service; and service between Clinton, New Jersey and New York City, at the North Branch station (located at Milltown Road in adjacent Bridgewater Township) offers limited daily service and no weekend trains. New Jersey Transit's Raritan Valley Line has weekly service from North Branch Station to Newark and to Phillipsburg, New Jersey. At Newark Penn Station, connections can be made to Pennsylvania Station in Midtown Manhattan. Nickname: The Queen City Coordinates: Country United States State Pennsylvania County Lehigh Founded 1762 Mayor Ed Pawlowski Area    - City 46. ... Clinton is a Town in Hunterdon County, New Jersey on the South Branch of the Raritan River. ... North Branch is a New Jersey Transit railroad station on the Raritan Valley Line, in the hamlet of North Branch in Branchburg, New Jersey. ... The New Jersey Transit Corporation (NJ Transit) is a statewide public transportation system serving the state of New Jersey, and Orange and Rockland counties in New York. ... The Raritan Valley Line is a commuter rail service of New Jersey Transit, running out of Newark Penn Station and terminating at High Bridge. ... Nickname: The Brick City Map of Newark in Essex County Coordinates: County Essex Founded/Incorporated 1666/1836 Mayor Cory Booker, term of office 2006–2010 Area    - City 67. ... Map of Phillipsburg in Warren County Phillipsburg is a town located in Warren County, New Jersey, in the United States. ... Pennsylvania Station (Newark) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Pennsylvania Station (commonly known as Penn Station) is the major intercity rail station and a major commuter rail hub in New York City. ... View of Midtown from Empire State Building. ...


There is also bus service between New Hope, Pennsylvania and New York City, with a stop at the Municipal Park-and-Ride facility on Route 202 North on a daily basis. New Hope, formerly Coryells Ferry, is a borough in Bucks County, Pennsylvania, USA. The population was 2,252 at the 2000 census. ...


Newark Liberty International Airport is located approximately 35 miles northeast of Branchburg. Also within driving distance are Lehigh Valley International Airport (ABE, formerly Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton International Airport) near Allentown, Pennsylvania, John F. Kennedy International Airport and La Guardia Airport in New York, as well as the Mercer County Airport near Trenton and Princeton. Newark Liberty International Airport (IATA: EWR, ICAO: KEWR), formerly known as Newark International Airport, is an international airport within the city limits of both Newark and Elizabeth, New Jersey, United States. ... Lehigh Valley International Airport (IATA: ABE, ICAO: KABE), formerly Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton International Airport, is a public airport in Hanover Township, Lehigh County, Pennsylvania. ... Nickname: The Queen City Coordinates: Country United States State Pennsylvania County Lehigh Founded 1762 Mayor Ed Pawlowski Area    - City 46. ... John F. Kennedy International Airport (IATA: JFK, ICAO: KJFK) (originally Idlewild) is an international airport located in Jamaica, Queens, in southeastern New York City on the edge of Jamaica Bay. ... FAA diagram of LaGuardia Airport Fiorello La Guardia Airport is located in Flushing, a neighborhood within the New York City borough of Queens, New York near the Flushing Bay. ... Mercer County Airport (IATA: BLF, ICAO: KBLF) is a public airport located a few miles northeast of Bluefield, West Virginia. ... Nickname: Trent, T-Town Location of Trenton inside of Mercer County Coordinates: Country United States State New Jersey County Mercer County Founded circa 1719 Mayor Douglas H. Palmer Area    - City 21. ... Nassau Street, Princetons main street. ...


Education

Branchburg Township is the home of the main campus of Raritan Valley Community College Raritan Valley Community College is an accredited, coeducational, two-year, public, community college located in North Branch (within Branchburg Township), New Jersey. ...


The Branchburg Township School District consists of Whiton Elementary School for grades K-2, both Old York School and Stony Brook School for grades 3-5 and Branchburg Central Middle School for grades 6-8. The Branchburg Township School District is a community public school district serving students in kindergarten through eighth grade from Branchburg Township, in Somerset County, New Jersey, United States. ...


The public secondary school serving Branchburg for grades 9-12 is Somerville High School, which students attend as part of a sending/receiving relationship with the Somerville Public Schools. Somerville High School is a four-year comprehensive public high school of the Somerville Public Schools serving students from Somerville and Branchburg Township in Somerset County, New Jersey, United States. ... A sending/receiving relationship is one in which a public school district sends some or all of its students to attend the schools of another district. ... The Somerville Public Schools are a comprehensive community public school district that serves students in prekindergarten through twelfth grade from Somerville, in Somerset County, New Jersey, United States. ...


References

  1. ^ Branchburg Township Committee 2006, accessed September 26, 2006
  2. ^ League of Women Voters: 2006 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 55, accessed August 30, 2006

September 26 is the 269th day of the year (270th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... August 30 is the 242nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (243rd in leap years), with 123 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  • Branchburg Township official web site
  • Branchburg Township School District
  • Branchburg Township School District's 2004-2005 School Report Card from the New Jersey Department of Education
  • National Center for Education Statistics data for the Branchburg Township School District
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Municipalities of Somerset County, New Jersey
(County Seat: Somerville)
Boroughs Bernardsville | Bound Brook | Far Hills | Manville | Millstone | North Plainfield | Peapack-Gladstone | Raritan | Rocky Hill | Somerville | South Bound Brook | Watchung
Townships Bedminster | Bernards | Branchburg | Bridgewater | Franklin | Green Brook | Hillsborough | Montgomery | Warren
Communities Basking Ridge | Belle Mead | Blackwells Mills | Blawenburg | East Millstone | Flagtown | Griggstown | Harlingen | Lamington | Martinsville | Middlebush | Neshanic | North Branch | Pleasant Plains | Six Mile Run | Somerset | South Branch | Zarephath
Historic Houses Meadows Foundation | Old Dutch Parsonage | Wallace House

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Branchburg Township, New Jersey: Information from Answers.com (1170 words)
The Township is bordered on the west by Hunterdon County; on the north by Bedminster Township and on the south by Bridgewater Township and Hillsborough Township.
In the township the population was spread out with 27.3% under the age of 18, 4.5% from 18 to 24, 34.6% from 25 to 44, 25.3% from 45 to 64, and 8.3% who were 65 years of age or older.
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