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Encyclopedia > Brancacci Chapel
The Tribute Money, fresco by Masaccio in the Brancacci Chapel.
The Tribute Money, fresco by Masaccio in the Brancacci Chapel.

The Brancacci Chapel is a chapel in the Church of Santa Maria del Carmine in Florence. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1000x495, 207 KB) Izokefalizm. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1000x495, 207 KB) Izokefalizm. ... A chapel is a private church, usually small and often attached to a larger institution such as a college, a hospital, a palace, or a prison. ... Founded 59 BC as Florentia Region Tuscany Mayor Leonardo Domenici (Democratici di Sinistra) Area  - City Proper  102 km² Population  - City (2004)  - Metropolitan  - Density (city proper) 356,000 almost 500,000 3,453/km² Time zone CET, UTC+1 Latitude Longitude 43°47 N 11°15 E www. ...


It is sometimes called the "Sistine Chapel of the early Renaissance" for its painting cycle, among the most famous and influential of the period. The Sistine Chapel ( Italian: Cappella Sistina) is a chapel in the Apostolic Palace, the official residence of the Roman Catholic Pope in the Vatican City, Rome. ... In the traditional view, the Renaissance is understood as an historical age that was preceded by the Middle Ages and followed by the Reformation. ...


The construction of chapel was commissioned by Pietro Brancacci, starting from 1386.


The patron of the pictorial decoration was Felice Brancacci, descendant of the former, who had served as the Florentine ambassador to Cairo until 1423. Upon his return to Florence he hired Masolino da Panicale to paint his chapel. Masolino's associate, 21 year old Masaccio, who was 18 years younger, assisted, but did so well that Masolino left and the commission was given to Masaccio. Masaccio was called to Rome before he could finish the Brancacci Chapel and unfortunately he died in Rome at the age of 27. Portions of the chapel were completed later by Filippino Lippi. Modern Cairo Cairo (Arabic: ‎ translit: ) is the capital city of Egypt (and previously the United Arab Republic) and has a metropolitan area population of approximately 15. ... Events July 31 - Hundred Years War: Battle of Cravant - The French army is defeated at Cravant on the banks of the river Yonne. ... The Annunciation (1425-30) Tempera on panel 148 x 115 cm National Gallery of Art, Washington Masolino da Panicale (also known as Tommaso di Cristoforo Fini) (Panicale, Umbria c. ... Trinity 1425-28 Fresco, 667 x 317 cm Santa Maria Novella, Florence Tommaso Masaccio (born Tommaso Cassai) (1401-1428), was a renowned painter of frescoes during the Italian Renaissance. ... City motto: Senatus Populusque Romanus – SPQR (The Senate and the People of Rome) Founded 21 April 753 BC (mythical), early 1st millennium BC (archaeological) Region Latium Area  - City Proper  1285 km² Population  - City (2004)  - Metropolitan  - Density (city proper) 2,553,873 almost 4,300,000 1. ... Filippino Lippi, self-portrait Biography Filippino Lippi (ca. ...

Contents


The paintings

The paintings are explained in their narrative order.


The Temptation of Adam and Eve

By Masolino da Panicale.


The Expulsion from the Garden of Eden

Main article: The Expulsion from the Garden of Eden (Masaccio)

Masaccio's Expulsion from the Garden of Eden is the first fresco on the upper part of the chapel, on the left wall, just at the left of the Tribute Money. It is famous for its vivid energy and unprecedented emotional realism. It contrasts dramatically with Masolino's delicate and decorative image of Adam and Eve before the fall, painted on the opposite wall. The Expulsion from the Garden of Eden, before and after restoration. ... The Expulsion from the Garden of Eden, before and after restoration. ...


Peter's Calling

By Masaccio.

Detail of Jesus' face in the Tribute Money.
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Detail of Jesus' face in the Tribute Money.

The Tribute Money

The most famous painting in the chapel is Tribute Money, on the upper right wall, with figures of Jesus and Peter shown in a three part narrative. The painting, largely attributed to Masaccio, represents the story of Peter and the tax collector from Matthew 17:24-27. The left side shows Peter getting a coin from the mouth of a fish and the right side shows Peter paying his taxes. The whole appears to be related to the establishment of the Catasto, the first income tax in Florence, in the time the painting was being executed. This article is about Jesus of Nazareth. ... Saint Peter, also known as Peter, Simon ben Jonah/BarJonah, Simon Peter, Cephas and Kepha—original name Simon or Simeon (Acts 15:14)—was one of the twelve original disciples or apostles of Jesus. ... Catasto is the Italian registration system for real estate ownership (like the Land Registry in Britain). ...


The importance of the painting lies also in its depiction of Jesus with human features, and at the same height of the disciples, with a revolutionary rejection of the "hyerarchical perspective" of the former treatments of similar themes.

The Healing of the Cripple and the Raising of Tabitha, by Masolino da Panicale and Masaccio.
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The Healing of the Cripple and the Raising of Tabitha, by Masolino da Panicale and Masaccio.

Healing of the Cripple and Raising of Tabitha

The upper scene on the right wall shows, on the left side, the Healing of the Cripple and, on the right side, the Raising of Tabitha. The fresco is generally attributed to Masolino, although Masaccio's hand has been discovered by some scholars. The scene shows two different episodes, with St. Peter appearing in both of them enclosed in a sceneario of a typical Tuscan city of the 15th century depicted according to the strict rules of central perspective. The latter is generally regarded as Masaccio's main contribution, whereas the two central figures, showing Gothic influences, are probably by Masolino.


St. Peter Preaching

By Masolino da Panicale.


Baptism of the Neophytes

By Masaccio.

St. Peter Healing the Sick with His Shadow, by Masaccio.
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St. Peter Healing the Sick with His Shadow, by Masaccio.

St. Peter Healing the Sick with His Shadow

Lower centre wall, left side, by Masaccio.

The Distribution of Alms and Death of Ananias.
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The Distribution of Alms and Death of Ananias.
Raising of the Son of Teophilus and St. Peter Enthroned, by Masaccio.
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Raising of the Son of Teophilus and St. Peter Enthroned, by Masaccio.

The Distribution of Alms and Death of Ananias

Lower centre wall, right side, by Masaccio.


Raising of the Son of Teophilus and St. Peter Enthroned

Lower right wall, by Masaccio, completed by Filippino Lippi.


St. Paul Visiting St. Peter in Prison

By Filippino Lippi.


St. Peter Being Freed from Prison

Lower right wall, right side. By Filippino Lippi.


Disputation with Simon Magus and Crucifixion of St. Peter

Lower right wall, centre. By Filippino Lippi.


Influence

Masaccio's application of scientific perspective, unified lighting, use of chiaroscuro and skill in rendering the figures naturalistically established new traditions in Renaissance Florence that some scholars credit with helping to found the new Renaissance style. A square in two-point perspective. ... Sacred Love versus Profane Love by Giovanni Baglione. ... Naturalism in art refers to the depiction of realistic objects in a natural setting. ...


The young Michelangelo was one of the many artists who received his artistic training by copying Masaccio's work in the chapel. The chapel was also the site an assault on Michelangelo by rival sculptor Pietro Torrigiano, who resented some critical remarks about his draughtsmanship. He punched Michelangelo so severely that he "crushed his nose like a biscuit" (according to Benvenuto Cellini), forever deforming the face of the famous artist. Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni (March 6, 1475 – February 18, 1564), commonly known as Michelangelo, was an Italian Renaissance sculptor, painter, architect and poet. ... Gold Salt cellar by Cellini Benvenuto Cellini (November 3, 1500 – February 13, 1571) was an Italian goldsmith, painter, sculptor, soldier and musician of the Renaissance. ...


 
 

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