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Encyclopedia > Bran



wheat bran
wheat bran

Bran is the hard outer layer of and consists of combined aleurone and pericarp. Along with germ, it is an integral part of whole grains, and is often produced as a by-product of milling in the production of refined grains. When bran is removed from grains, they lose a portion of their nutritional value. Bran is present in and may be milled from any cereal grain, including rice, wheat, maize, oats, and millet. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1572x1110, 147 KB) photograph of wheat bran. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1572x1110, 147 KB) photograph of wheat bran. ... Aleurone (from Greek aleuron, flour) is a protein found in the endosperm of many seeds. ... Species Elaeis guineensis Elaeis oleifera The oil palms (Elaeis) coomprise two species of the Arecaceae, or palm family. ... The germ is the heart of the cereal kernel, the embryo of the seed, and a concentrated source of several essential nutrients including Vitamin E, folate (folic acid), phosphorus, thiamin, zinc and magnesium. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... A by-product is a secondary or incidental product deriving from a manufacturing process or chemical reaction, and is not the primary product or service being produced. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Species T. aestivum T. boeoticum T. compactum T. dicoccoides T. dicoccon T. durum T. monococcum T. spelta T. sphaerococcum T. timopheevii References:   ITIS 42236 2002-09-22 For the indie rock group see: Wheat (band). ... “Corn” redirects here. ... Binomial name Avena sativa Carolus Linnaeus (1753) The Oat (Avena sativa) is a species of cereal grain, and the seeds of this plant. ... Pearl millet in the field The millets are a group of small-seeded species of cereal crops, widely grown around the world for food and fodder. ...

Bran is particularly rich in dietary fiber, and contains significant quantitities of starch, protein, fat, vitamins, and dietary minerals. Dietary fibers are the indigestible portion of plant foods that move food through the digestive system, absorbing water. ... Starch (CAS# 9005-25-8) is a complex carbohydrate which is insoluble in water; it is used by plants as a way to store excess glucose. ... A representation of the 3D structure of myoglobin, showing coloured alpha helices. ... Fats consist of a wide group of compounds that are generally soluble in organic solvents and largely insoluble in water. ... Retinol (Vitamin A) For the record label, see Vitamin Records A vitamin is an organic compound required in tiny amounts for essential metabolic reactions in a living organism. ... Dietary Minerals are the chemical elements required by living organisms, other than the four elements Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, and Oxygen which are omnipresent in organic molecules. ...

Bran is often used to enrich breads (notably muffins) and breakfast cereals, especially for the benefit of those wishing to increase their intake of dietary fiber. Bran may also be used for pickling, as in the tsukemono of Japan. Percentages are relative to US recommendations for adults. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Cucumbers gathered for pickling. ... Tsukemono (漬物) are Japanese pickles. ...

Rice bran finds particularly many uses in Japan, where it is known as nuka (糠; ぬか). Besides using it for pickling, Japanese people also add it to the water when boiling bamboo shoots, and use it for dish washing. In Kitakyushu City, it is called Jinda and used for stewing fish, such as sardine. Impact from a water drop causes an upward rebound jet surrounded by circular capillary waves. ... Boiling, a type of phase transition, is the rapid vaporization of a liquid, which typically occurs when a liquid is heated to its boiling point, the temperature at which the vapor pressure of the liquid is equal to the pressure exerted on the liquid by the surrounding atmospheric pressure. ... Genera Many, see text Bamboos are a group of woody perennial evergreen plants in the true grass family Poaceae, subfamily Bambusoideae, tribe Bambuseae. ... This article or section should be merged with Dishwashing The basic manner for sanitizing dishes, cutting boards, utensils in any institutional situation (restaurants, cafeterias), which is useful for any large group gathering (commonly used in cooperative and Green Tortoise trips), for example includes four steps: 1. ... Kitakyushu (北九州市; Kitakyushu-shi), literally North Kyushu, is a city located in Fukuoka prefecture, Kyushu, Japan. ... Sardines in the Pacific An open Sardines can Sardines on a plate grilled Sardines For the hide and seek-like game, see Hide and seek. ...

Rice bran is a by-product of the rice milling process, and it contains various antioxidants that impart beneficial effects on human health. It is well known that a major rice bran fraction contains 12%-13% oil and highly unsaponifiable components (4.3%). This fraction contains tocotrienol, gamma-oryzanol, and beta-sitosterol; all these constituents may contribute to the lowering of the plasma levels of the various parameters of the lipid profile. Rice bran also contains a high level of dietary fibers (beta-glucan, pectin, and gum). In addition, it also contains 4-hydroxy-3-methoxycinnamic acid (ferulic acid), which may also be a component of the structure of non-lignified cell walls.

The high oil content of bran makes it subject to rancidification, one of the reasons that is often separated from the grain before storage or further processing. The bran itself can be heat-treated to increase its longevity. Rancidification is the decomposition of fats and other lipids by hydrolysis and/or oxidation. ...

Bran oil may be also extracted for use by itself for industrial purposes (such as in the paint industry), or as a cooking oil, such as rice bran oil. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with vegetable oil. ... Bran is the hard outer layer of cereal grains, and consists of combined aleurone and pericarp. ...

Health effects

Eating foods rich in bran became somewhat of a health craze in the late 1970s and early 1980s, with massive promotion of bran cereals and granola. In the late 1980s, there was the "oat bran craze," with oat products in all shapes and sizes flooding the market (including potato chips with oat bran added), claiming to lower blood cholesterol and fight heart disease. This craze peaked in 1989 and was short-lived, as studies in the early 1990s showed that oat bran only modestly reduced cholesterol. However, in January 1997, the Food and Drug Administration decided (with some controversy) that food with a lot of oat bran or rolled oats can carry a label claiming it may reduce the risk of heart disease, when combined with a low-fat diet. As of 2005, this disposition still appears on many oatmeal packages. The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Granola is a breakfast food and snack food consisting of rolled oats, nuts and honey which is baked until crispy. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Saratoga chips Potato chips (British English or Hiberno-English: crisps) are slim slices of potatoes deep fried or baked until crisp. ... Cholesterol is a sterol (a combination steroid and alcohol) and a lipid found in the cell membranes of all body tissues, and transported in the blood plasma of all animals. ... Heart disease is an umbrella term for a number of different diseases which affect the heart and is the leading cause of death in the United States as of 2007. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... For the band, see 1990s (band). ... Year 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1997 Gregorian calendar). ... hi “FDA” redirects here. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ...

  • Wheat bran (miller's bran) is very effective in treating constipation. Wheat bran is known to absorb large amounts of water and expand, which has led some to claim that bran helps lead to satiety by filling up the stomach with added volume.

Colorectal cancer might be prevented by dietary wheat bran. Indeed, many epidemiological studies pointed out a protective effect of fiber intake, and more than 15 preclinical studies show that wheat bran can reduce carcinogenesis in rats and mice. Thus, several randomized clinical trials were conducted in hundreds of volunteers to test the hypothesis that wheat bran supplements would reduce adenomatous polyp recurrence. Clinical and preclinical data are available on the Chemoprevention Database. Sadly, the main conclusion of these trials is that wheat bran does not prevent colorectal polyp recurrence: bran may thus not be an effective colon cancer preventing agent. There is strong evidence that rice bran may have a cancer preventive potential [1][2] [3]. Constipation or irregularity, is a condition of the digestive system where a person (or animal) experiences hard feces that are difficult to egest; it may be extremely painful, and in severe cases (fecal impaction) lead to symptoms of bowel obstruction. ... Colorectal cancer, also called colon cancer or bowel cancer, includes cancerous growths in the colon, rectum and appendix. ...

Binomial name Avena sativa Carolus Linnaeus (1753) The Oat (Avena sativa) is a species of cereal grain, and the seeds of this plant. ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Saturated fat is fat that consists of triglycerides containing only saturated fatty acids. ... Cholesterol is a sterol (a combination steroid and alcohol) and a lipid found in the cell membranes of all body tissues, and transported in the blood plasma of all animals. ... hi “FDA” redirects here. ... Health claims on food labels are claims by manufacturers of food products that their food will reduce the risk of developing a disease or condition. ... Hypercholesterolemia (literally: high blood cholesterol) is the presence of high levels of cholesterol in the blood. ... Hyperglycemia or High Blood Sugar is a condition in which an excessive amount of glucose circulates in the blood plasma. ... Cellulase is an enzyme complex which breaks down cellulose to beta-glucose. ... xylanase is an enzyme which Breaks down hemicellulose (xylans), a major component of the plant cell wall. ... An esterase is an hydrolase enzyme that splits esters into a acid and an alcohol in a chemical reaction with water called hydrolysis. ...

Bran for pets and companion animals

Bran is widely used as a major component in pet foods for rabbits and guinea pigs. Rice bran is sometimes fed to horses for its nutritional value, particularly as a plant-based fat supplement. Wheat bran is also sometimes fed to horses for its laxative qualities and nutritional value. Genera Pentalagus Bunolagus Nesolagus Romerolagus Brachylagus Sylvilagus Oryctolagus Poelagus Rabbits are small mammals in the family Leporidae of the order Lagomorpha, found in several parts of the world. ... Binomial name Cavia porcellus (Linnaeus, 1758) Guinea pigs (also called cavies) are rodents belonging to the family Caviidae and the genus Cavia, originally indigenous to the Andes. ... Binomial name Equus caballus Linnaeus, 1758 The horse (Equus caballus, sometimes seen as a subspecies of the Wild Horse, Equus ferus caballus) is a large odd-toed ungulate mammal, one of ten modern species of the genus Equus. ... Grass is a natural source of nutrition for a horse Equine nutrition refers to the feeding of horses, ponies, mules, donkeys and other equids. ...

==See also==

it Alkylresorcinols Alkylresorcinols are phenolic lipids present in high amounts in the bran layer (e. ... Chaff is the seed casings and other inedible plant matter harvested with cereal grains such as wheat. ... The term husk is mostly used to refer to the leafy outer covering of an ear of maize (corn) as it grows on the plant. ... Phytic acid (known as inositol hexaphosphate (IP6), or phytate when its salt form) is the principal storage form of phosphorus in many plant tissues, especially bran and seeds. ... Phytic acid (known as phytate when its salt form) is the principal storage form of phosphorus in many plant tissues, especially seeds. ...

Outside Links

  • Add Some Rice To Your Life--Advances in Rice-Based Products with Potential Benefits to Health (scientific paper), by Raxit J. Jariwalla, Ph.D.


  2. ^ How Nice, Brown Rice: Study Shows Rice Bran Lowers Blood Pressure In Rats, Science Daily, March 3, 2006

  Results from FactBites:
Bran (688 words)
Despite popular myth, Bran castle, commonly known as "Dracula's Castle, was not built by Vlad Tepes, the Wallachian prince upon whom the 19th century novelist Bram Stoker is supposed to have based his bloodthirsty vampire count.
The 14 century castle, perched atop a 60m peak in the center of Bran Village, was in fact built by people of Brasov in 1382 to defend the Bran mountain pass against Turks.
It suppose to be the Castle or fortress of Vlad the impaler.
  More results at FactBites »



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