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Encyclopedia > Braintree, Massachusetts

For geographic and demographic information on the census-designated place Braintree, please see the article Braintree (CDP), Massachusetts. A census-designated place (CDP) is an area identified by the United States Census Bureau for statistical reporting. ... Braintree is a census-designated place (CDP) located in the town of Braintree in Norfolk County, Massachusetts. ...

Braintree, Massachusetts
Location in Massachusetts
Coordinates: 42°13′20″N 71°00′00″W / 42.22222, -71
Country United States
State Massachusetts
County Norfolk County
Settled 1634
Incorporated 1640
Government
 - Type Representative town meeting
Area
 - Town  14.5 sq mi (37.6 km²)
 - Land  13.9 sq mi (36.0 km²)
 - Water  0.6 sq mi (1.6 km²)
Elevation  90 ft (27 m)
Population (2000)
 - Town 33,828
 - Density 2,434.4/sq mi (939.9/km²)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 02184
Area code(s) 339 / 781
Website: http://www.townofbraintreegov.org/

Braintree is a town in Norfolk County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 33,828 at the 2000 census. It is part of the Inner Core of metropolitan Boston but is considered by some to be part of the South Shore. Image File history File links Braintree_ma_highlight. ... Official language(s) English Capital Boston Largest city Boston Area  Ranked 44th  - Total 10,555 sq mi (27,360 km²)  - Width 183 miles (295 km)  - Length 113 miles (182 km)  - % water 13. ... Norfolk County is a county located in the state of Massachusetts. ... A Representative Town Meeting is a form of municipal legislature used in Massachusetts. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... The system of local government in use in New England is very different from that found throughout the rest of the United States. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... The metre (American English:meter) is a measure of length. ... The system of local government in use in New England is very different from that found throughout the rest of the United States. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... The Eastern Standard Time Zone is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting five hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Though DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... The Eastern Standard Time Zone is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting five hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Area code 339 is an overlay of parts of area code 781. ... Under the North American Numbering Plan for telephone area codes, area code 781 covers suburban Boston, Massachusetts. ... Norfolk County is a county located in the state of Massachusetts. ... Official language(s) English Capital Boston Largest city Boston Area  Ranked 44th  - Total 10,555 sq mi (27,360 km²)  - Width 183 miles (295 km)  - Length 113 miles (182 km)  - % water 13. ... Nickname: City on the Hill, Beantown, The Hub (of the Universe)1, Athens of America, The Cradle of Revolution, Puritan City, Americas Walking City Location in Massachusetts, USA Counties Suffolk County Mayor Thomas M. Menino(D) Area    - City 232. ... The South Shore of Massachusetts is a geographic region stretching south and east from Boston along the shore of Massachusetts Bay toward Cape Cod. ...

Contents

History

Braintree was founded on land first colonized in 1625 by Captain Wollaston, and initially named Mount Wollaston. Under the rule of Thomas Morton it was renamed Merry Mount. The area was resettled and incorporated as the town of Braintree, named after the English town of Braintree in 1640, on land which is now part of the current town of Braintree, from which Randolph, Holbrook, the City of Quincy, and part of Milton were split off. Events March 27 - Prince Charles Stuart becomes King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland. ... Mount Wollaston, also known as Merrymount, is a neighborhood in Quincy, Massachusetts, USA. Mount Wollaston has a most unusual history. ... , Braintree is a town of about 42,393 people and the principal settlement of the Braintree district of Essex in the East of England. ... Events December 1 - Portugal regains its independence from Spain and João IV of Portugal becomes king. ... Randolph is a town in Norfolk County, Massachusetts, United States. ... Holbrook is a town in Norfolk County, Massachusetts, United States. ... Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country United States State Massachusetts County Norfolk County Settled 1625 Incorporated 1792 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor William J. Phelan Area  - City  26. ... Milton is a suburban Boston town in Norfolk County, Massachusetts, United States. ...


Braintree is the birthplace to Presidents John Adams, and John Quincy Adams, as well as statesman John Hancock and General Sylvanus Thayer, the "Father of West Point". John Adams, Jr. ... John Quincy Adams (July 11, 1767 – February 23, 1848) was a diplomat, politician, and President of the United States (March 4, 1825 – March 4, 1829). ... For other persons named John Hancock, see John Hancock (disambiguation). ... Sylvanus Thayer, painting by Robert Weir Brigadier General Sylvanus Thayer (June 9, 1785 - September 7, 1872) also known as the Father of West Point was an early superintendent of the United States Military Academy at West Point and an early advocate of engineering education in the United States. ... Alternate meanings: West Point (disambiguation). ...


Braintree is also the site of the infamous Sacco and Vanzetti murders as well as the retirement home of the co-inventor of the telephone Thomas A. Watson (See Watson Park). Bartolomeo Vanzetti (left) and Nicola Sacco in handcuffs Nicola Sacco (April 22, 1891 – August 23, 1927) and Bartolomeo Vanzetti (June 11, 1888 – August 23, 1927) were two Italian-born American anarchists, who were arrested, tried, and executed via electrocution in Massachusetts for the charge of murder and theft. ... For other uses, see Telephone (disambiguation). ... Thomas Augustus Watson (18 January 1854 - 13 December 1934) was an assistant to Alexander Graham Bell, notably in the invention of the telephone. ...


Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 37.6 km² (14.5 mi²). 36.0 km² (13.9 mi²) of it is land and 1.6 km² (0.6 mi²/4.34%) of it is water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


Demographics

As of the census² of 2000, there were 33,828 people, 12,652 households, and 8,907 families residing in the town. The population density was 939.6/km² (2,434.4/mi²). There were 12,973 housing units at an average density of 360.4/km² (933.6/mi²). The racial makeup of the town was 93.96% White, 1.18% Black or African American, 0.11% Native American, 3.14% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.64% from other races, and 0.95% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.16% of the population. 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... The following is a list of sources used in the creation of encyclopedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There were 12,652 households out of which 29.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.4% were married couples living together, 11.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.6% were non-families. 24.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.16. “Spouse” redirects here. ...


In the town the population was spread out with 22.5% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 28.9% from 25 to 44, 24.0% from 45 to 64, and 18.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 89.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.4 males.


The median income for a household in the town was $61,790, and the median income for a family was $73,417. Males had a median income of $49,607 versus $36,034 for females. The per capita income for the town was $28,683. About 2.1% of families and 3.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.6% of those under age 18 and 3.3% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Education

There are three high schools in Braintree: Braintree High School, a public school; Thayer Academy, a private school; and Archbishop Williams, a Roman Catholic private school. Braintree High School billboard. ... Thayer Academy (TA) is a private, co-educational, college-preparatory day school located in Braintree, Massachusetts. ... Jesus the Teacher statue in front of the Archbishop Williams School Archbishop Williams High School is a co-ed Catholic school in Braintree, Massachusetts. ...


Points of interest

The General Sylvanus Thayer Birthplace is a historic house located at 786 Washington Street, Braintree, Massachusetts. ...

Notable residents

James A. Calhoun (born May 10, 1942 in Braintree, Massachusetts) is the head coach of the University of Connecticuts mens basketball team. ... Basketball is a team sport in which two teams of five active players each try to score points against one another by throwing a ball through a high hoop (the basket) under organized rules. ... Tiffany Kelly, Miss Massachusetts USA 2006 Tiffany Kelly is the current Miss Massachusetts USA 2006. ... Susie Castillo, Miss Massachusetts USA and Miss USA 2003 The Miss Massachusetts USA competition is the pageant that selects the representative for the state of Massachusetts in the Miss USA pageant. ... William Rosenberg created the doughnut chain Dunkin Donuts. ... Dunkin Donuts is an international coffee and donut retailer founded in 1950 in Quincy, Massachusetts, USA by William Rosenberg. ... Mark Robert Michael Wahlberg (born June 5, 1971) is an Academy Award-nominated American actor, and television producer. ... Richard Thomas Devin (known as Rick Devin) (born July 5, 1960) in Braintree, Massachusetts, USA is a successful American Musician and Recording Artist who has been performing acoustic based folk/rock and americana music for over 25 years. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Braintree (town), Massachusetts - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (547 words)
The area was resettled and incorporated as a town in 1640, on land which is now part of the current town of Braintree, from which Randolph, Holbrook, the City of Quincy, and part of Milton were split off.
Braintree is the birthplace to Presidents John Adams, and John Quincy Adams, as well as statesman John Hancock and General Sylvanus Thayer.
There are three high schools in Braintree: Braintree High, a public school; Thayer Academy, a private school; and Archbishop Williams, a Roman Catholic private school.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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