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Encyclopedia > Braintree, Essex
Braintree
Braintree shown within Essex
Population 42,393[1]
OS grid reference TL730228
District Braintree
Shire county Essex
Region East
Constituent country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BRAINTREE
Postcode district CM7, CM77
Dial code 01376
Police Essex
Fire Essex
Ambulance East of England
UK Parliament Braintree
European Parliament East of England
List of places: UKEnglandEssex

Coordinates: 51°52′41″N 0°32′58″E / 51.8781, 0.5495 Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Red_pog. ... Essex is a county in the East of England. ... The British national grid reference system is a system of geographic grid references commonly used in Great Britain, different from using latitude or longitude. ... The districts of England are a level of subnational division of England used for the purposes of local government. ... Braintree is a local government district in the English county of Essex. ... Metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties are one of the four levels of English administrative division used for the purposes of local government. ... Essex is a county in the East of England. ... The region, also known as Government Office Region, is currently the highest tier of local government subnational entity of England in the United Kingdom. ... The East of England is one of the nine official regions of England. ... Constituent countries is a phrase used, often by official institutions, in contexts in which a number of countries make up a larger entity or grouping; thus the OECD has used the phrase in reference to the former Yugoslavia[1], the Soviet Union and European institutions such as the Council of... Motto (French) God and my right Anthem No official anthem - the United Kingdom anthem God Save the Queen is commonly used England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto)1 Unified  -  by Athelstan 927 AD  Area  -  Total... This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... A post town is a required part of all UK postal addresses. ... UK postal codes are known as postcodes. ... The CM postcode area, also known as the Chelmsford postcode area[2], is a group of postal districts around Billericay, Bishops Stortford, Braintree, Brentwood, Burnham-on-Crouch, Chelmsford, Dunmow, Epping, Harlow, Ingatestone, Maldon, Ongar, Sawbridgeworth, Southminster, Stansted and Witham in England. ... The UK telephone numbering plan, also known as the National Numbering Plan, is regulated by the Office of Communications (Ofcom), which replaced the Office of Telecommunications (Oftel) in 2003. ... Essex Police is a Home Office (territorial) police force with responsibility for policing the county of Essex in south east England. ... A Fire Appliance belonging to the Greater Manchester Fire and Rescue Service The fire service in the United Kingdom has undergone dramatic changes since the beginning of the 21st century, a process that has been propelled by a devolution of central government powers, new legislation and a change to operational... Essex County Fire and Rescue Service are the statutory fire fighting service for the county of Essex in the south-east of England. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The East of England Ambulance Service NHS Trust is the authority responsible for providing NHS ambulance services in Bedfordshire, Cambridgeshire, Essex, Hertfordshire, Luton, Norfolk, Peterborough, Southend-on-Sea, Suffolk and Thurrock, in the East of England region. ... The United Kingdom House of Commons is made up of Members of Parliament (MPs). ... Braintree is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... This is a list of Members of the European Parliament for the United Kingdom in the 2004 to 2009 session, ordered by name. ... East of England is a constituency of the European Parliament. ... List of cities in the United Kingdom List of towns in England Lists of places within counties List of places in Bedfordshire List of places in Berkshire List of places in Buckinghamshire List of places in Cambridgeshire List of places in Cheshire List of places in Cleveland List of places... This is a list of cities, towns and villages in the county of Essex, England. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


Braintree is a town of about 42,393 people and the principal settlement of the Braintree district of Essex in the East of England. It is ten miles north-east of Chelmsford and fifteen miles west of Colchester on the River Blackwater, A120 road and a branch of the Great Eastern Main Line. Ronda, Spain Main street in Bastrop, Texas, a small town A town is a community of people ranging from a few hundred to several thousands, although it may be applied loosely even to huge metropolitan areas. ... Braintree is a local government district in the English county of Essex. ... Essex is a county in the East of England. ... The East of England is one of the nine official regions of England. ... Arms of Chelmsford Borough Council This article is about the town of Chelmsford in Essex. ... The town of Colchester is the main settlement in the East of England borough of Colchester, Essex. ... In geography, a blackwater river has water-colour ranging from clear tea to coffee. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Great Eastern Main Line, or the G.E., is a major railway line of the British railway system, which connects Liverpool Street station in the City of London with destinations in east London and the East of England; including Ipswich, Norwich and several coastal resorts. ...


Braintree has grown contiguous with several surrounding settlements: Braintree proper lies to the south of Stane Street, and Bocking lies to the north. The two together can be referred to as Braintree and Bocking, although most people just lump them together as "Braintree".


Braintree is twinned with the French town of Pierrefitte-sur-Seine. The town of Braintree, Massachusetts, United States, was named after Braintree, Essex in 1640. This article is about partnerships between towns distant from each other; see Twin cities for the different concept of physically neighbouring cities. ... Pierrefitte-sur-Seine is a commune of the Seine-Saint-Denis département and a suburb of Paris, located between Saint-Denis and the Val dOise département. ... For geographic and demographic information on the census-designated place Braintree, please see the article Braintree (CDP), Massachusetts. ...

Contents

Physical geography

Braintree lies about 50 metres above sea level[1]. Essex is rather flat on the whole, and the Braintree area is no exception; however, there is a general downward trend in the height of the ground from the northwest towards the coast to the southeast. Two rivers flow through Braintree in this direction. Pod's Brook approaches the western side of the town, forming a natural boundary between Braintree and the neighbouring village of Rayne about two miles to the west. Pod's Brook becomes the River Brain as it passes under the Roman road, before running through the southern part of Braintree. The River Pant (or Blackwater) runs roughly parallel to it, through the north of Bocking, and away to the east of the town. The Brain eventually flows into the Blackwater several miles away, near Witham. The metre (American English:meter) is a measure of length. ... For considerations of sea level change, in particular rise associated with possible global warming, see sea level rise. ... Rayne is a village in the county of Essex, in the south east of England. ... A mile is a unit of length, usually used to measure distance, in a number of different systems, including Imperial units, United States customary units and Norwegian/Swedish mil. ... This page meets Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ... The River Blackwater is a river in England. ... Witham (pronounced Wittam; IPA, /ˈwɪtæm/) is a town in the county of Essex, in the south east of England. ...


Culture, media and sport

Braintree has its own museum, which contains displays relating to the history of the town. It is named after John Ray, and has a number of relatively famous patrons, including the famous but rather underground Essex-born artist, Jennifer Walter, and also Lesley Killin influential member of Essex Council of Education, (ECE). There is a cinema on the outskirts of the town. Opposite the cinema there is also a bowling alley and various restaurants. There are two nightclubs in the town centre, together with numerous public houses and bars. The Louvre Museum in Paris, one of the largest and most famous museums in the world. ...


Braintree's local newspapers are the Braintree and Witham Times and the Essex Chronicle.


Each year in June the annual Braintee and Bocking Carnival takes place. The event starts with a procession of floats through the town centre finishing at Meadowside. Events including a fair and sideshows continue throughout the afternoon at Meadowside until around 10pm. This year's carnival queen has been confirmed as Lesley Southgate of Tabor Science College. Tabor Science College is a high school located in Braintree, Essex, England. ...


Economy, industry and commerce

Freeport is a shopping area on the outskirts of Braintree, described as a "designer outlet village". It has roughly 80 shops where designer brands sell surplus stock for lower than normal prices. Freeport also has its own railway station, namely Braintree Freeport station, which is the second stop on the journey from Braintree to London Liverpool Street. Braintree Freeport railway station is a railway station serving the town of Braintree in Essex. ...


Transport

Braintree is located at the junction of two Roman roads: one coming from the county town of Chelmsford, about ten miles or so to the south-west, and the other (known as Stane Street) running westwards to Great Dunmow, and eastwards to Colchester. Stane Street was a main road (the A120) until the bypass system was built in the late 20th century. For the one-off TV Drama, see Roman Road (TV Drama) A Roman road in Pompeii. ... Arms of Chelmsford Borough Council This article is about the town of Chelmsford in Essex. ... Stane Street is the modern name given to an important Roman road in England that linked London to the Roman town of Regnum (near modern Chichester). ... Great Dunmow is a town in the Uttlesford district of Essex, England. ... The town of Colchester is the main settlement in the East of England borough of Colchester, Essex. ... Bypass routes are a type of bannered highway usually used when the main route of the highway goes through a town and an alternate route of the same highway goes around the highway. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999...


Braintree has two railway stations, Braintree and Braintree Freeport next to the Freeport shopping area. Trains depart from Braintree station to Witham, where the Braintree branch line joins the Great Eastern Main Line to London Liverpool Street. Service frequency is approximately once an hour during the daytime. Nowadays the track terminates at Braintree. However, it used to continue westwards, through the village of Rayne, to Great Dunmow, but this section of the route has been disused for decades. Passengers bustle around the typical grand edifice of Londons Broad Street Station in 1865. ... Braintree railway station is a railway station serving the town of Braintree in Essex. ... Braintree Freeport railway station is a railway station serving the town of Braintree in Essex. ... It has been suggested that Local trains be merged into this article or section. ... Braintree railway station is a railway station serving the town of Braintree in Essex. ... Witham (pronounced Wittam; IPA, /ˈwɪtæm/) is a town in the county of Essex, in the south east of England. ... The Braintree Branch Line is a branch line from Witham to Braintree in Essex. ... The Great Eastern Main Line, or the G.E., is a major railway line of the British railway system, which connects Liverpool Street station in the City of London with destinations in east London and the East of England; including Ipswich, Norwich and several coastal resorts. ... Liverpool Street station, also called London Liverpool Street, is a mainline railway station and connected London Underground station in the north eastern corner of the City of London, the main financial district, with entrances on Bishopsgate and Liverpool Street itself. ... Rayne is a village in the county of Essex, in the south east of England. ... Great Dunmow is a town in the Uttlesford district of Essex, England. ...


Neighbouring villages

Villages in the Braintree area include Black Notley, White Notley, Great Notley Garden Village (a recent construction), Cressing, Felsted, Rayne and Panfield. Black Notley is a village and civil parish in the Braintree district of Essex, England. ... White Notley is a village and Civil Parish in Essex, East Anglia, England. ... Great Notley Garden Village, or simply Great Notley is a suburban development on the fringe of Braintree, Essex in England with an approximate population of 5,500. ... Cressing Temple is an ancient monument situated between Witham and Braintree in Essex, UK and originates from the 12th century, when it was the first grant of land given to the Knights Templar in England. ... Felsted is a village of Essex in England, located near Braintree, Great Dunmow, and Chelmsford. ... Rayne is a village in the county of Essex, in the south east of England. ...


Notable residents

  • Malcolm McFee, (1949-2001), British Actor born in Forest Gate, Newham, played Peter Craven in Please Sir! 1968-1971 & 'The Fenn Street Gang' 1972-1973
  • Lawrence D Hills originally founded the Henry Doubleday Research Association headquarters and test site at Bocking, and also developed the Bocking 14 strain of comfrey, which has properties of particular interest to organic gardeners.
  • The naturalist John Ray (1627 - 1705), born in nearby Black Notley, is perhaps the most talked about local person, among historians.
  • The Courtauld family were one of the most prominent families of Braintree and Bocking during the 19th century. Their highly successful silk business made them very rich, and provided much employment in the area.
  • Sir Evelyn Wood, (1838 – 1919), British Field marshal, Victoria Cross recipient.
  • Katherine Parnell, younger sister of Sir Evelyn Wood, and wife and downfall of Irish Nationalist leader, Charles Parnell.
  • The Prodigy, a famous dance music group, are probably Braintree's best known export in recent years. The band's leader Liam Howlett was the cause of much indignation among some residents when he criticised the town in an interview for the music magazine Q. He reportedly used "an abusive term" (see [2]). He and fellow band member Keith Flint moved out of the town around 1998, to live in seclusion in a small village five or six miles to the west.
  • Avant-Garde / experimental composer and musician Barry Douglas Lamb, lived in Braintree following the demise of the insane picnic from 1989 - 1993. Although this appears to have been a period of very little musical output on his part, there is an unofficial recording from the period called "Braintree - the concubine harvester".
  • Steve Harley, singer/composer and founder of Cockney Rebel, lived in Bradford Street, Braintree, from 1969 to 1971. He worked as a reporter for the Braintree and Witham Times under his real name Stephen Nice. The novelist Jay Merrick, author of The Horse Latitudes, worked on the newspaper at the same time under his real name John Thompson.
  • Andrew Phillips, Baron Phillips of Sudbury, noted politician and lawyer in the field of civil liberties lived in Bradford Street, Braintree for much of the 1980s

Prose is writing distinguished from poetry by its greater variety of rhythm and its closer resemblance to the patterns of everyday [[speech. ... This article or section cites very few or no references or sources. ... Newham Town Hall in East Ham (E6) Logo on the roadside at sunset The London Borough of Newham is a London borough in East London, within Greater London. ... Please Sir! was a London Weekend Television situation comedy featuring Malcolm McFee, John Alderton, Deryck Guyler, Joan Sanderson, Noel Howlett, Erik Chitty, and Richard Davies. ... Lawrence D. Hills is a British horticulturalist, founder of the Henry Doubleday Research Association (HDRA). ... The Henry Doubleday Research Association (HDRA) is a UK organisation dedicated to researching and promoting organic gardening, farming and food. ... Species Symphytum asperum Lepechin Symphytum officinale L. Symphytum tuberosum L. Symphytum x uplandicum Nyman For the place, see Comfrey, Minnesota Comfrey (also comphrey) is an important herb in organic gardening, having many medicinal and fertiliser uses. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Black Notley is a village and civil parish in the Braintree district of Essex, England. ... Samuel Courtauld (1793-21 March 1881) was an American-born industrialist and Unitarian, chiefly remembered as the driving force behind the early 19th century growth of the Courtauld textile business. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Photo submitted by Marion Hebblethwaite. ... The Victoria Cross (VC) is a military decoration awarded for valour in the face of the enemy to members of armed forces of some Commonwealth countries and previous British Empire territories. ... Katherine Parnell, variously known as Katie OShea or Kitty OShea (1845/1846–1921) was an English woman whose affair with Charles Stewart Parnell eventually caused his political downfall. ... Charles Stewart Parnell (June 27, 1846 _ October 6, 1891) was an Irish political leader and one of the most important figures in nineteenth century Ireland and the United Kingdom. ... The Prodigy (or just Prodigy)[1] are an English band. ... Liam Howlett in the Voodoo People (Pendulum Remix) music video. ... Q is a music and entertainment magazine published monthly in the United Kingdom. ... Keith Flint on tour in Washington DC Keith Charles Flint (born 17 September 1969 in Chelmsford, Essex, England) is a member of the British hard dance/rave band The Prodigy. ... Barry Douglas Lamb (born May 9, 1963, is a British musician. ... In the early 1980s, English band the insane picnic (always printed in lower case) were one of the pioneering D.I.Y. cassette bands, comprised of members Peter Ashby , Barry Lamb and Owen Turley. ... Andrew Wyndham Phillips, Baron Phillips of Sudbury, OBE (born 15 Mar 1939) is a solicitor and Liberal Democrat politician. ...

Source Materials on Bocking

Hoffman, Ann. (1976) Bocking Deanery: The Story of an Essex Peculiar.


H. G. Wells, in his What Is Coming? A European Forecast (1916), in the fourth chapter, "Braintree, Bocking, and the Future of the World," uses the differences between Bocking and Braintree, divided, he says, by a single road, to explain the difficulties he expects in establishing World Peace through a World State. Herbert George Wells (September 21, 1866 – August 13, 1946), better known as H. G. Wells, was an English writer best known for such science fiction novels as The Time Machine, The War of the Worlds, The Invisible Man, The First Men in the Moon and The Island of Doctor Moreau. ...

If the curious enquirer will take pick and shovel he will find at any rate one corresponding dualism below the surface. He will find a Bocking water main supplying the houses on the north side and a Braintree water main supplying the south. I rather suspect that the drains are also in duplicate. The total population of Bocking and Braintree is probably little more than thirteen thousand souls altogether, but for that there are two water supplies, two sets of schools, two administrations. To the passing observer the rurality of the Bocking side is indistinguishable from the urbanity of the Braintree side; it is just a little muddier.

Efficiency, perhaps the supreme virtue for Wells (and others in the Fabian Society), meant someone in authority preventing waste and inefficiency at every level from water mains to wars. The difficulty of establishing it at the local level was a reflection of the difficulty of establishing it at the global level. In that same chapter he mentions his friend but ideological foe, G. K. Chesterton, who would have been delighted by those same local differences (particularly if it included the beer in the pubs) and whose 1904 novel, The Napoleon of Notting Hill, praises them. Wells wanted to end war by establishing an authority that could ban any difference between people that might lead to disagreements and perhaps war. Chesterton wanted to reduce the likelihood of war by reminding people that a healthy love for your country meant respecting the love others have for their country. In the December 31, 1910 issue of Illustrated London News he wrote: The Fabian Society is a British socialist intellectual movement, whose purpose is to advance the socialist cause by gradualist and reformist, rather than revolutionary means. ... Gilbert Keith Chesterton (May 29, 1874–June 14, 1936) was an influential English writer of the early 20th century. ... Novel written by G. K. Chesterton in 1904, set in a nearly-unchanged London of the latter Twentieth century. ... The Illustrated London News was a magazine founded by Herbert Ingram and his friend Mark Lemon, the editor of Punch magazine. ...

You cannot make men enthusiastic for the mere negative idea of peace; it is not an inspiring thing. You might make them enthusiastic for some positive bond or quality that bound them to others and made their enemies their friends. You may get Tommy to love Jimmy; you cannot get Tommy to love the mere fact that he is not quarrelling with Jimmy. So it would be far easier to make an Englishman love Germany than to make him love peace with Germany. Germany is a lovable thing; peace is not. Germany is a positive thing; one can like its beer, admire its music, love its children, with their charming elf-tales and elf-customs, appreciate the beaming ceremony of its manners, and even (with a brave effort), tolerate the sound of its language. But in the mere image of a still and weaponless Europe there is nothing that men will ever love, either as they can love another country or as they can love their own.

For Wells, differences between people, particularly those not rooted in technological efficiency, were a cause of war. For Chesterton, differences make us human and the very efforts of a World State to abolish differences between people would lead to civil wars more numerous and worse than our present wars between nations. For both men, Braintree and Bocking were the world in a microcosm.


External links


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