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Encyclopedia > Brahmic family
Image:Example.of.complex.text.rendering.svg This article contains Indic text.
Without rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes or other symbols instead of Indic characters; or irregular vowel positioning and a lack of conjuncts.
History of the alphabet

Middle Bronze Age 19th c. BC
Image File history File links Example. ... The history of the alphabet begins in Ancient Egypt, more than a millennium into the history of writing. ... The Middle Bronze Age alphabets are two similar but undeciphered scripts, dated to be from the Middle Bronze Age (2000-1500 BC), and believed to be ancestral to nearly all modern alphabets: the Proto-Sinaitic script discovered in the winter of 1904-1905 by William Flinders Petrie, and dated to...

Meroitic 3rd c. BC
Hangul 1443
Canadian Syllabics 1840
Zhuyin 1913
complete genealogy

The Brahmic family is a family of abugidas (writing systems) used in South Asia, Southeast Asia, Tibet, Mongolia, Manchuria, descended from the Brāhmī script of Mauryan India. The Ugaritic alphabet is a cuneiform abjad, used from around 1300 BC for the Ugaritic language, an extinct Canaanite language discovered in Ugarit, Syria. ... The Proto-Canaanite alphabet is an abjad of twenty-plus acrophonic glyphs, which is found in Levantine texts of the Late Bronze Age (from ca. ... The Phoenician alphabet is a continuation of the Proto-Canaanite alphabet, by convention taken to begin with a cut-off date of 1050 BCE. It was used by the Phoenicians to write Phoenician, a Northern Semitic language. ... The Paleo-Hebrew alphabet is an offshoot of the Phoenician alphabet used to write the Hebrew language from about the 10th century BCE until it began to fall out of use in the 5th century BCE with the adoption of the Aramaic alphabet as a writing system for Hebrew and... Bilingual inscription (Greek and Aramaic) by the Indian emperor Ashoka the Great, 3rd century BC. The Aramaic alphabet is an abjad alphabet designed for writing the Aramaic language. ... Variation of BrāhmÄ« with dates. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... This article or section uses Khmer characters which may be rendered as boxes or other nonsensical symbols. ... Javanese script is the script that Javanese is originally written in (not to be confused with Javascript, which is a programming language). ... Note: This article contains special characters. ... 11th century book in Syriac Serto. ... The Nabatean alphabet is a consonantal alphabet (abjad) that was used by the Nabateans in the 2nd century BC. Important inscriptions are found in Petra. ... The Arabic alphabet is the script used for writing languages such as Arabic, Persian, Urdu, and others. ... The Pahlavi script was used broadly in the Sasanid Persian Empire to write down Middle Persian for secular, as well as religious purposes. ... The Avestan alphabet was created in the 3rd century AD for writing the hymns of Zarathustra (a. ... Note: This article contains special characters. ... The Latin alphabet, also called the Roman alphabet, is the most widely used alphabetic writing system in the world today. ... Rune redirects here. ... Note: This article contains special characters. ...   The Gothic alphabet is an alphabetic writing system attributed by Philostorgius to Wulfila, used exclusively for writing the ancient Gothic language. ... The Glagolitic alphabet or Glagolitsa is the oldest known Slavic alphabet. ... The Cyrillic alphabet (pronounced also called azbuka, from the old name of the first two letters) is actually a family of alphabets, subsets of which are used by certain Slavic languages — Belarusian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Russian, Rusyn, Serbian, and Ukrainian—as well as many other languages of the former Soviet Union... The Samaritan alphabet is a direct descendant of the paleo-Hebrew variety of the Phoenician alphabet, the more commonly known Hebrew alphabet having been adapted from the Aramaic alphabet under the Persian Empire. ... Photograph of Botorrita 1 (both sides), 1st century BC. The Iberian scripts (or Iberian alphabet) are two scripts (or two styles of the same script) found on the Iberian peninsula, the Northeast and South Iberian script. ... The ancient South Arabian alphabet (also known as musnad) branched from the Proto-Sinaitic alphabet in ca. ... Note: This article contains special characters. ... The Meroitic script is an alphabet of Egyptian (Hieroglyphic) origin used in Kingdom of Meroë. Some scholars, e. ... Jamo redirects here. ... Note: This page or section contains IPA phonetic symbols in Unicode. ... Zhuyin fuhao (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Tongyong Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Chu-yin fu-hao), or Symbols for Annotating Sounds, often abbreviated as Zhuyin, or known as Bopomofo (ㄅㄆㄇㄈ) after the first four letters of this Chinese phonemic alphabet (bo po mo fo), is the national phonetic system of the... Nearly all the segmental scripts (alphabets, but see below for more precise terminology) used around the globe were apparently derived from the Proto-Sinaitic alphabet. ... An inscription of Swampy Cree using Canadian Aboriginal Syllabics, an abugida developed by Christian missionaries for Aboriginal Canadian languages An abugida, alphasyllabary, or syllabics is a writing system in which consonant signs (graphemes) are inherently associated with a following vowel. ... Map of South Asia (see note on Kashmir). ... Location of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a subregion of Asia. ... This article is about historical/cultural Tibet. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Variation of BrāhmÄ« with dates. ... A representation of the Lion Capital of Ashoka, which was erected around 250 BCE. It is the emblem of India. ...


The individual abugidas may be called Brahmic scripts or Indic scripts.

Contents

History

Brahmic scripts are descended from the Brāhmī script of ancient India, which may have had a common ancestor with European scripts. However, some academics (see references in Rastogi 1980:88-98) believe that the Vikramkhol[1][2] [3] inscription is conclusive evidence that Brahmi had indigenous origins, probably from the Indus Valley (Harappan) script. BrāhmÄ« refers to the pre-modern members of the Brahmic family of scripts. ... The History of India begins with the Indus Valley Civilization, which flourished in the north-western part of the Indian subcontinent from 3300 to 1700 BCE. This Bronze Age civilization was followed by the Iron Age Vedic period, which witnessed the rise of major kingdoms known as the Mahajanapadas. ...   An Indus Valley seal with the seated figure termed pashupati. ...


The most prominent member of the family is Devanagari, which is used to write several languages of India and Nepal, including Hindi, Konkani, Marathi, Nepali, Nepal Bhasa and Sanskrit. Other northern Brahmic scripts include the Eastern Nagari script, which is used to write Bengali, Assamese, Bishnupriya Manipuri, and other eastern Indic languages, the Oriya script, the Gujarati script, the Ranjana script, the Prachalit script, the Bhujimol script and the Gurmukhi script. The Dravidian languages of southern India have Brahmic scripts that have evolved making them suitable to southern needs. The earliest evidence for Brahmi script in South India comes from Bhattiprolu in Guntur district of Andhra Pradesh [4]. Bhattiprolu was a great centre of Buddhism during 3rd century CE and from where Buddhism spread to east Asia. The present Telugu script is derived from 'Telugu-Kannada script', also known as 'old Kannada script', owing to its similarity to the same[5]. Initially minor changes were made which is now called Tamil brahmi which has far fewer letters than some of the other Indic scripts as it has no separate aspirated or voiced consonants. Later under the influence of Granta vetteluthu evolved which looks similar to present day malayalam script. Still further changes were made in 19th and 20th centuries to make use of printing and typewriting needs before we have the present script. Rigveda manuscript in Devanagari (early 19th century) DevanāgarÄ« (देवनागरी — in English pronounced ) (ISCII – IS13194:1991) [1] is an abugida alphabet used to write several Indian languages, including Sanskrit, Hindi, Marathi, Kashmiri, Sindhi, Bihari, Bhili, Konkani, Bhojpuri and Nepali from Nepal. ... Hindi ( , Devanagari: or , IAST: , IPA: ), an Indo-European language spoken all over India in varying degrees and extensively in northern and central India, is one of the 22 official languages of India and is also used for central government administrative purposes , along with English. ... Konkani is a term used to refer both to a language and to an Indian ethnic group. ... Marathi is one of the widely spoken languages of India, and has a long literary history. ... Nepali (Khaskura) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken in Nepal, Bhutan, and some parts of India and Myanmar (Burma). ... “Newari” redirects here. ... Sanskrit ( , for short ) is a classical language of India, a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, and Jainism, and one of the 23 official languages of India. ... The Kanai Baraxiboa rock inscription near Guwahati. ... Bengali or Bangla (IPA: ) is an Indo-Aryan language of the eastern Indian subcontinent, evolved from the Magadhi Prakrit, Pāli and Sanskrit languages. ... Assamese ( ) (IPA: ) is a language spoken in the state of Assam in northeast India. ... The Bishnupriya Manipuri language (BPM) (ইমার ঠার/বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী) is an Indo-Aryan language. ... The Oriya script is used to write the Oriya language. ... The Gujarati script (ગુજરાતી લિપિ GujarātÄ« Lipi), which like all NāgarÄ« writing systems is strictly speaking an abugida rather than an alphabet, is used to write the Gujarati and Kutchi languages. ... The Newari script also known as the Ranjana script is used for writing the Newari language of Nepal. ... Prachalit script is one of the many scripts used in Nepal Bhasa. ... Bhujimol script, palm_leaf MS of the Devimahatmya, Bihar or Nepal, 11th century. ... The Gurmukhi (ਗੁਰਮੁਖੀ) script, derived from the Landa alphabet and standardised by Guru Angad Dev in the 16th century, was designed to write the Punjabi language (ਪੰਜਾਬੀ). The word Gurmukhi literally means from the Mouth of the Guru. Gurmukhi... For other uses, see Dravidian (disambiguation). ... Bhattiprolu is a small village in Guntur District of Andhra Pradesh State in Southern India. ... This article is about a city in India. ... “Andhra” redirects here. ... A statue of the Sakyamuni Buddha in Tawang Gompa, India. ... In phonetics, aspiration is the strong burst of air that accompanies the release of some obstruents. ... Phoneticians define phonation as use of the laryngeal system to generate an audible source of acoustic energy, i. ...


Burmese, Cambodian, Lao, Thai, Javanese, Balinese and Tibetan are also written in Brahmic scripts, though with considerable modification to suit their phonology. The Siddham(kanji: 悉曇, modern Japanese pronunciation: shittan) script was especially important in Buddhism because many sutras were written in it, and the art of Siddham calligraphy survives today in Japan. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Basic signs of the Balinese script The Balinese alphabet is a type of alphabet called an abugida that was used to write the Balinese language, an Austronesian language spoken by about three million people on the Indonesian island of Bali. ... The Tibetan language is spoken primarily by the Tibetan people who live across a wide area of eastern Central Asia bordering South Asia, as well as by large number of Tibetan refugees all over the world. ... Phonology (Greek phonÄ“ = voice/sound and logos = word/speech), is a subfield of linguistics which studies the sound system of a specific language (or languages). ... Siddham (Sanskrit, accomplished or perfected) — referred to in Japanese as bonji (梵字) — is the name of a North Indian script used for writing Sanskrit. ... A statue of the Sakyamuni Buddha in Tawang Gompa, India. ... SÅ«tra (sex) (Sanskrit) or Sutta (Pāli) literally means a rope or thread that holds things together, and more metaphorically refers to an aphorism (or line, rule, formula), or a collection of such aphorisms in the form of a manual. ... Contemporary Western Calligraphy. ...


Some characteristics, which may not be present in all the scripts are:

  • Each consonant has an inherent vowel which is usually short 'a' (in Bengali, Oriya, and Assamese, it is short 'ô' due to sound shifts). Other vowels are written by adding to the character. A mark, known in Sanskrit as a virama/halant can be used to indicate the absence of an inherent vowel.
  • Each vowel has two forms, an independent form when not part of a consonant, and a dependent form, when attached to a consonant. Depending on the script, the dependent forms can be either placed to the left of, to the right of, above, below, or on both the left and the right sides of the base consonant.
  • Consonants (up to 5 in Devanagari) can be combined in ligatures. Special marks are added to denote the combination of 'r' with another consonant.
  • Nasalization and aspiration of a consonant's dependent vowel is also noted by separate signs.
  • The traditional ordering can be summarized as follows: vowels, velar consonants, palatal consonants, retroflex consonants, dental consonants, bilabial consonants, approximants, sibilants, and other consonants. Each consonant grouping had four consonants (with all four possible values of voicing and aspiration), and a nasalised consonant.

Many languages using Brahmic scripts are sometimes written in Latin script, primarily for the benefit of non-native speakers or for use in computer software without support for said scripts, but these practices have made little headway in South Asia itself. In articulatory phonetics, a consonant is a sound in spoken language that is characterized by a closure or stricture of the vocal tract sufficient to cause audible turbulence. ... Bengali or Bangla (IPA: ) is an Indo-Aryan language of the eastern Indian subcontinent, evolved from the Magadhi Prakrit, Pāli and Sanskrit languages. ... This article is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Assamese ( ) (IPA: ) is a language spoken in the state of Assam in northeast India. ... Example of a letter with a diacritic A diacritical mark or diacritic, also called an accent, is a small sign added to a letter to alter pronunciation or to distinguish between similar words. ... Sanskrit ( , for short ) is a classical language of India, a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, and Jainism, and one of the 23 official languages of India. ... Virama is a generic term for the diacritic character in many Brahmic scripts that is used to suppress an inherent vowel sound that occurs with every consonant character. ... Virama is a generic term for the diacritic character in many Brahmic scripts that is used to suppress an inherent vowel sound that occurs with every consonant character. ... In writing and typography, a ligature occurs where two or more letterforms are written or printed as a unit. ... In phonetics, nasalization is the production of a sound while the velum is lowered, so that air escapes partially or wholly through the nose during the production of the sound. ... In phonetics, aspiration is the strong burst of air that accompanies the release of some obstruents. ... Note: This page contains phonetic information presented in the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) using Unicode. ... Velars are consonants articulated with the back part of the tongue (the dorsum) against the soft palate (the back part of the roof of the mouth, known also as the velum). ... Palatal consonants are consonants articulated with the middle or back part of the tongue raised against the hard palate (the middle part of the roof of the mouth). ... Sub-apical retroflex plosive In phonetics, retroflex consonants are consonant sounds used in some languages. ... Dentals are consonants such as t, d, n, and l articulated with either the lower or the upper teeth, or both, rather than with the gum ridge as in English. ... In phonetics, a bilabial consonant is a consonant articulated with both lips. ... Approximants are speech sounds that could be regarded as intermediate between vowels and typical consonants. ... A sibilant is a type of fricative, made by speeding up air through a narrow channel and directing it over the sharp edge of the teeth. ... The Latin alphabet, also called the Roman alphabet, is the most widely used alphabetic writing system in the world, the standard script of the English language and most of the languages of western and central Europe, and of those areas settled by Europeans. ...


Professor Gari Ledyard has hypothesized that the hangul script used to write Korean is based on the Mongol Phagspa script, a descendant of the Brahmic family via Tibetan. // Ledyards Theory on the Creation of Hangul Gari Ledyard, Sejong Professor of Korean History Emeritus at Columbia University, believes that the derivation in the Hunmin Jeong-eum is a mnemonic, or a rationalization invented after the fact, and that hangul actually derives, at least in part, from the Mongol... Jamo redirects here. ... The word Wiki in Phagspa characters The Phagspa script (also square script) was an Abugida designed by the Lama Phagspa for the emperor Kublai Khan during the Yuan Dynasty in China, as a unified script for all languages within the Mongolian Empire. ...


Comparison

Below are comparison charts of several of the major Indic scripts; pronunciation is indicated in National Library at Calcutta romanization and IPA. Pronunciation is taken from Sanskrit where possible, but other languages where necessary. These lists are not comprehensive; some glyphs are unrepresented.
The National Library at Calcutta romanization is the most widely used in dictionaries and grammars of Indic languages. ... Articles with similar titles include the NATO phonetic alphabet, which has also informally been called the “International Phonetic Alphabet”. For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words, see IPA chart for English. ... Sanskrit ( , for short ) is a classical language of India, a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, and Jainism, and one of the 23 official languages of India. ...


Consonants

NLAC IPA Devanagari Eastern Nagari Gurmukhi Gujarati Oriya Tamil Telugu Kannada Malayalam Sinhala Tibetan
k k
kh -
g ɡ -
gh ɡʱ - -
ŋ
c c
ch -
j ɟ
jh ɟʱ -
ñ ɲ
ʈ
ṭh ʈʰ -
ɖ -
ḍh ɖʱ - -
ɳ
t -
th t̺ʰ
d -
dh d̺ʰ - -
n n
n - - - - - - - -
p p
ph -
b b -
bh - -
m m
y j
r r র/ৰ
r - - - - - -
l l
ɭ - ਲ਼ -
ɻ - - - - - - -
v ʋ -
ś ɕ ਸ਼ -
ʂ -
s s
h h

Articles with similar titles include the NATO phonetic alphabet, which has also informally been called the “International Phonetic Alphabet”. For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words, see IPA chart for English. ... च् + छ = च्छ Devanagari in Unicode The Unicode range for Devanagari is U+0900 . ... The Kanai Baraxiboa rock inscription near Guwahati. ... The Gurmukhi (ਗੁਰਮੁਖੀ) script, derived from the Landa alphabet and standardised by Guru Angad Dev in the 16th century, was designed to write the Punjabi language (ਪੰਜਾਬੀ). The word Gurmukhi literally means from the Mouth of the Guru. Gurmukhi... The Gujarati script (ગુજરાતી લિપિ GujarātÄ« Lipi), which like all NāgarÄ« writing systems is strictly speaking an abugida rather than an alphabet, is used to write the Gujarati and Kutchi languages. ... The Oriya script is used to write the Oriya language. ... Note: This page or section contains IPA phonetic symbols in Unicode. ... Telugu script, an abugida from the Brahmic family of scripts, is used to write Telugu, a Dravidian Language found in the Southern Indian state of Andhra Pradesh as well as several other neighboring states. ... Note: This page or section contains IPA phonetic symbols in Unicode. ... The Malayalam script is an abugida of the Brahmic family, used to write the Malayalam language. ... The Sinhala script is used to write the Sinhala language. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ...

Vowels

Vowels are presented in their independent form on the left of each column, and combined with the corresponding consonant ka on the right.

NLAC IPA Devanagari Eastern Nagari Gurmukhi Gujarati Oriya Tamil Telugu Kannada Malayalam Sinhala Tibetan
a ə - - - - - - - -
ā ɑː का কা ਕਾ કા କା கா కా ಕಾ കാ කා - -
කැ
කෑ
i i कि কি ਕਿ કિ କି கி కి ಕಿ കി කි ཨི ཀི
ī की কী ਕੀ કી କୀ கீ కీ ಕೀ കീ කී - -
u u कु কু ਕੁ કુ କୁ கு కు ಕು കു කු ཨུ ཀུ
ū कू কূ ਕੂ કૂ କୂ கூ కూ ಕೂ കൂ කූ - -
e e कॆ - - - - - - - - கெ కె ಕೆ കെ කෙ - -
ē के কে ਕੇ કે କେ கே కే ಕೇ കേ කේ ཨེ ཀེ
ai ai कै কৈ ਕੈ કૈ କୈ கை కై ಕೈ കൈ කෛ - -
o o कॊ - - - - - - - - கொ కొ ಕೊ കൊ කො - -
ō को কো ਕੋ કો କୋ கோ కో ಕೋ കോ කෝ ཨོ ཀོ
au au कौ কৌ ਕੌ કૌ କୌ கௌ కౌ ಕೌ കൗ කෞ - -
ɻ̣ कृ কৃ - - કૃ କୃ - - కృ ಕೃ കൃ කෘ - -
ɻ̣ː कॄ কৄ - - કૄ - - - - - - - කෲ - -
ɭ̣ कॢ কৢ - - - - - - - కౄ - ക്ഌ (ඏ)[6] - - -
ɭ̣ː कॣ কৣ - - - - - - - - - ക്ൡ (ඐ) - - -

Numerals

Number Devanagari Eastern Nagari Gurmukhi Gujarati Tamil Telugu Kannada Malayalam
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

List of Brahmic Scripts encoded in Unicode

Brahmi script - Kanheri Caves
Brahmi script - Kanheri Caves
v  d  e
Unicode scripts

Cuneiform
Cyrillic
Latin
Brahmic
Image File history File links Kanheri-brahmi. ... Image File history File links Kanheri-brahmi. ... The Kanheri Caves are a protected archaeological site in Mumbai, India. ... In Unicode, a script is an abstract coherent and unified writing system supporting one or more concrete writing systems which in turn support the written forms of one or more languages. ... Unicode (as of version 5. ... In Unicode, the Cyrillic block extends from U+0400 to U+052F. The characters in the range U+0400–U+045F are basically the characters from ISO 8859-5 moved upward by 864 positions. ... Unicode as of version 5. ... The Brahmic family is a family of abugidas (writing systems) used in South Asia, Southeast Asia, Tibet, Mongolia, Manchuria, descended from the Brāhmī script of Mauryan India. ...

Basic signs of the Balinese script The Balinese alphabet is a type of alphabet called an abugida that was used to write the Balinese language, an Austronesian language spoken by about three million people on the Indonesian island of Bali. ... The Batak alphabet is a type of alphabet called an abugida that is used to write the Batak languages of northern Sumatra, an Austronesian language spoken by about three million people on the Indonesian island of Sumatra. ... Baybayin (sometimes called Alibata) is a pre-Hispanic Tagalog writing system that originated from the Javanese script Kavi. ... It has been suggested that Robert B. Wray be merged into this article or section. ... An indigenous Brahmic script of the Philippines. ... Rigveda manuscript in Devanagari (early 19th century) DevanāgarÄ« (देवनागरी — in English pronounced ) (ISCII – IS13194:1991) [1] is an abugida alphabet used to write several Indian languages, including Sanskrit, Hindi, Marathi, Kashmiri, Sindhi, Bihari, Bhili, Konkani, Bhojpuri and Nepali from Nepal. ... The Gujarati script (ગુજરાતી લિપિ GujarātÄ« Lipi), which like all NāgarÄ« writing systems is strictly speaking an abugida rather than an alphabet, is used to write the Gujarati and Kutchi languages. ... The GurmukhÄ« (ਗੁਰਮੁਖੀ or ਗੁਰਮੁੱਖੀ) script, derived from the Later Sharada script and standardised by Guru Angad Dev in the 16th century, was designed to write the Punjabi (ਪੰਜਾਬੀ) language. ...   Hanunoo is one of the indigenous scripts of the Philippines; see Baybayin. ... Javanese script is the script that Javanese is originally written in (not to be confused with Javascript, which is a programming language). ... Note: This page or section contains IPA phonetic symbols in Unicode. ... This article or section uses Khmer characters which may be rendered as boxes or other nonsensical symbols. ...   Lepcha script is used by the Lepcha people. ... The Limbu alphabet is a Brahmic script used to write the Limbu language of northern India and Nepal. ... The Malayalam script is an abugida of the Brahmic family, used to write the Malayalam language. ... Tai Lue (or Tai Lü, Tai Le; tai51 lɯ11; Xishuangbanna Dai; Chinese: 傣仂语 DÇŽilèyÇ”) is one of the languages spoken by the Dai people in China. ... The Oriya script is used to write the Oriya language. ... The word Wiki in Phagspa characters The Phagspa script (also square script) was an Abugida designed by the Lama Phagspa for the emperor Kublai Khan during the Yuan Dynasty in China, as a unified script for all languages within the Mongolian Empire. ... The Rejang script, sometimes spelt Redjang and locally known as Aksara Kaganga (Ka Ga Nga alphabet) after its first three letters, is an abugida of the Brahmic family, and is related to other scripts of the region, like Batak, Buginese, and Kerinci. ... The Sinhala script is used to write the Sinhala language. ... Sylheti Nagari is the original script used for writing the Sylheti language. ... Tagbawna is one of the indigenous writing systems of the Philippines. ... Tai Le (Simplified Chinese: 傣仂文; Traditional Chinese: 傣仂文; pinyin: ) is the name of a language and the script used to write that language in parts of the Yunnan Province of China, Myanmar (Burma), Laos, and possibly other countries. ... Note: This page contains phonetic information presented in the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) using Unicode. ... Telugu alphabet, an abugida from the Brahmic family of scripts, is used to write the Telugu language. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ...

Other Brahmic Scripts

The Ahom alphabet is a type of alphabet called an abugida that was used to write the Ahom language, an extinct Tai language spoken by the Ahom people who ruled the Brahmaputra valley in the Indian state of Assam between the 13th and the 18th centuries. ... BrāhmÄ« refers to the pre-modern members of the Brahmic family of scripts, attested from the 3rd century BC. The best known and earliest dated inscriptions in Brahmi are the rock-cut edicts of Ashoka. ...   The Eastern (Vietnamese) Cham Writing Script The Cham alphabet is used to write Cham, an Austronesian language spoken by the Cham people in Vietnam and Cambodia. ... Grantha (from Sanskrit ग्रन्थ grantha meaning book or manuscript) is an ancient script that was prevalent in South India. ... Lanna (English One Million Thai Rice Fields, Thai: ) was a kingdom in the north of Thailand around the city of Chiang Mai. ... Mithilakshar (also known as Tirhuta) is the traditional script of the Maithili language, which is is spoken in the Indian state of Bihar and eastern Nepal. ... The Newari script also known as the Ranjana script is used for writing the Newari language of Nepal. ... The Sharada script (, ) is an abugida writing system of the Brahmic family of scripts, developed from ca. ... Siddham (Sanskrit, accomplished or perfected) — referred to in Japanese as bonji (梵字) — is the name of a North Indian script used for writing Sanskrit. ... Soyombo script - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ...

Brahmic-like scripts

Tocharian is one of the most obscure branches of the Indo-European language group. ... Thaana (written ‎ in Thaana) is the writing system for the Dhivehi language spoken in the Maldives. ...

See also

  • Kharosthi alphabet
  • ISCII — the coding scheme specifically designed to represent Indic scripts.
  • Wikipedia:Naming conventions (Indic)

The Kharoṣṭhī script, also known as the Gāndhārī script, is an ancient alphabetic script used by the Gandhara culture of historic northwest India to write the Gandhari and Sanskrit languages (the Gandhara kingdom was located along the present-day border... ISCII (Indian Script Code for Information Interchange) is a coding scheme for representing various Indic scripts as well as a Latin-based script with diacritic marks used to depict Romanised Indic languages. ...

External links

References

  1. ^ http://www.angelfire.com/de/vu2dpi/Vikram.htm
  2. ^ Rastogi, Naresh Prasad 1980. Origin of Brāhmī Script: The Beginning of Alphabet in India. Varanasi: Chowkhamba Saraswatibhawan.
  3. ^ http://jharsuguda.nic.in/tourism.htm
  4. ^ http://www.buddhavihara.in/ancient.htm
  5. ^ Telugu Language and Literature, S. M. R. Adluri, Figures T1a and T1b (http://www.engr.mun.ca/~adluri/telugu/language/script/script1d.html)
  6. ^ Only ancient written Sinhala

  Results from FactBites:
 
Brahmic family - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (640 words)
The Brahmic family is a family of abugidas (writing systems) used in South Asia, Southeast Asia, Tibet, Mongolia, Manchuria, and to an extent, Korea.
Brahmic scripts are descended from the Brāhmī script of ancient India, which according to one theory, descended from a Semitic script
Many languages using Brahmic scripts are sometimes written in Latin script, primarily for the benefit of non-native speakers or for use in computer software without support for said scripts, but these practices have made little headway in South Asia itself.
BIGpedia - Brahmic family - Encyclopedia and Dictionary Online (509 words)
The Brahmic family is a family of abugidas used in South Asia and Southeast Asia.
Brahmic scripts are descended from the Brahmi script of ancient India, which in turn is believed to be descended from a Semitic script, thus they probably have a common ancestor with the European scripts.
Many languages using Brahmic scripts are sometimes written in Latin script, primarily for the benefit of non-native speakers or for use in computer software without support for said scripts, but these practices have made little headway in India itself.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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