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Encyclopedia > Brahmaputra River
Map of the Brahmaputra
Map of the Brahmaputra
Brahmaputra
Brahmaputra
A view across the Brahmaputra from near Sukleswar ghat in Guwahati.
A view across the Brahmaputra from near Sukleswar ghat in Guwahati.

The Brahmaputra[1] is a trans-boundary river and one of the major rivers of Asia. It is also called as Tsangpo river. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 534 pixel Image in higher resolution (2000 × 1334 pixel, file size: 786 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Tibet Yarlung Tsangpo... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 534 pixel Image in higher resolution (2000 × 1334 pixel, file size: 786 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Tibet Yarlung Tsangpo... Yarlung Tsamgpo River, whitewater Yarlung Tsangpo River, sediment The Yarlung Tsangpo River originates upstream from the Yarlung Tsangpo Canyon, Tibet. ... This article is about historical/cultural Tibet. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1280x836, 295 KB) Bold text Verlaufsgebiet des Brahmaputra. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1280x836, 295 KB) Bold text Verlaufsgebiet des Brahmaputra. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 575 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,969 × 1,416 pixels, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 575 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,969 × 1,416 pixels, file size: 1. ... , Guwahati is a major city in eastern India, often considered as the gateway to the North-East Region (NER) of the country and is the largest city within the region. ... A Trans-boundary river is a river that crosses at least one polictical border, either a border within a nation or an international boundary. ... For other uses, see River (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... Map of the Brahmaputra Yarlung Tsangpo River in Tibet. ...


From its origin in southwestern Tibet as the Yarlung Tsangpo River, it flows across southern Tibet where it is known as Dihang to break through the Himalayas in great gorges. It flows southwest through the Assam Valley as Brahmaputra and south through Bangladesh as the Jamuna. There it merges with the Ganga to form a vast delta. About 1,800 mi (2,900 km) long, the river is an important source for irrigation and transportation. Its upper course was long unknown, and its identity with the Yarlung Tsangpo was only established by exploration in 1884-86. This river is often called Tsangpo-Brahmaputra river. This article is about historical/cultural Tibet. ... Yarlung Tsamgpo River, whitewater Yarlung Tsangpo River, sediment The Yarlung Tsangpo River originates upstream from the Yarlung Tsangpo Canyon, Tibet. ... Map of the Brahmaputra Yarlung Tsangpo River in Tibet. ... For the movie Himalaya, see Himalaya (film). ... The Brahmaputra is one of the major rivers of Asia. ... A Map showing major rivers in Bangladesh including Jamuna. ... “Ganga” redirects here. ...


While most Indian and Bangladeshi rivers bear female names, this river has a rare male name, as it means "son of Brahma" in Sanskrit. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Sanskrit ( , for short ) is a classical language of India, a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, and Jainism, and one of the 23 official languages of India. ...


The Brahmaputra is navigable for most of its length. The lower reaches are sacred to Hindus. The river is prone to catastrophic flooding in spring when the Himalayan snows melt. It is also one of the few rivers in the world that exhibit a tidal bore. Hinduism (known as in modern Indian languages)[1] is a religious tradition[2] that originated in the Indian subcontinent. ... For other uses, see World (disambiguation). ... The tidal bore in Upper Cook Inlet, Alaska A tidal bore (or just bore, or eagre) is a tidal phenomenon in which the leading edge of the incoming tide forms a wave (or waves) of water that travel up a river or narrow bay against the direction of the current. ...

Contents

River course

Tibet

river Yarlung Tsangpo originates in the Jima Yangzong glacier[2] near Mount Kailash in the northern Himalayas. It then flows east for about 1700 km, at an average height of 4000 m, and is thus the highest of the major rivers in the world. At its easternmost point, it bends around Mt. Namcha Barwa, and forms the Yarlung Tsangpo Canyon which is considered the deepest in the world.[3] Yarlung Tsamgpo River, whitewater Yarlung Tsangpo River, sediment The Yarlung Tsangpo River originates upstream from the Yarlung Tsangpo Canyon, Tibet. ... Mount Kailash (officially: Kangrinboqê; Tibetan: Gang Rinpoche, གངས་རིན་པོཅཧེ་; Wylie: Gangs Rin-po-che; ZWPY: Kangrinboqê; Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Hindi कैलाश पर्वत, Kailāśā Parvata) is a peak in the Gangdisê mountains, the source of some of the longest rivers in Asia—the Indus River, the Sutlej River, a tributary of the Ganges... Namcha Barwa (officially: Namjagbarwa; Tibetan in Wylie transliteration: gnam lcags bar ba; Chinese: 南迦巴瓦峰, Pinyin: NánjiābāwÇŽ FÄ“ng) is a mountain in the Tibetan Himalaya. ... Tsangpo Gorge, in center is Mount Namcha Barwa The Yarlung Tsangpo Canyon, or the Tsangpo Gorge in Tibet is the deepest, and possibly longest canyon in the world. ...


India

As the river enters Arunachal Pradesh, it is called Siang and makes a very rapid descend from its original height in Tibet, and finally appears in the plains, where it is called Dihang. It flows for about 35 km and is joined by two other major rivers: Dibang and Lohit. From this point of confluence, the river becomes very wide and is called Brahmaputra. It is joined in Sonitpur District by the Jia Bhoreli (named the Kameng River where it flows from Arunachal Pradesh) and flows through the entire stretch of Assam. In Assam the river is sometimes as wide as 10 km. Between Dibrugarh and Lakhimpur districts the river divides into two channels---the northern Kherkutia channel and the southern Brahmaputra channel. The two channels join again about 100 km downstream forming the Majuli island. At Guwahati near the ancient pilgrimage centre of Hajo, the Brahmaputra cuts through the rocks of the Shillong Plateau, and is at its narrowest at 1 km bank-to-bank. Because the Brahmaputra is the narrowest at this point the Battle of Saraighat was fought here. The first rail-cum-road bridge across the Brahmaputra was opened to traffic in April 1962 at Saraighat. , Arunachal Pradesh   (Hindi:   ) is the easternmost state of India. ... Lohit River is a river in Arunachal Pradesh in India. ... Sonitpur is an administrative district in the state of Assam in India. ... The Kameng River (previously named Bhareli River (ভৰলী নদী), now called Kameng in Arunachal Pradesh and Jia Bhoreli in Assam) in the eastern Himalayan mountains, originates in Tawang district from the glacial lake below snow capped Gori Chen mountain [1], (6,300 metres (20,669 ft) [2], [3], photo) on the India... , Arunachal Pradesh   (Hindi:   ) is the easternmost state of India. ... , Assam (  ) (Assamese: অসম Ôxôm) is a north eastern state of India with its capital at Dispur, a suburb of the city Guwahati. ... Dibrugarh is an administrative district in the state of Assam in India. ... Lakhimpur is an administrative district in the state of Assam in India. ... Majuli or Majoli is a river island in the Brahmaputra river, in the Indian state of Assam. ... , Guwahati is a major city in eastern India, often considered as the gateway to the North-East Region (NER) of the country and is the largest city within the region. ... Hajo is a centre for various religions, Hajo is about 24 km across the Brahmaputra River, around the city of Guwahati in the Assam state in India. ... The Battle of Saraighat was fought between the Mughal forces lead by Raja Ram Singh and the Ahoms lead by Lachit Borphukan, the Ahom governor of Guwahati in 1671. ...

The old Sanskrit name for the river is Lauhitya and the local name in Assam is Luit. The native inhabitants, i.e., the Bodos called the river Bhullam-buthur, which means 'making a gurgling sound', later Sanskritized into Brahmaputra. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 358 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 716 pixel, file size: 94 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Tasiruddin Ahmed I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 358 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 716 pixel, file size: 94 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Tasiruddin Ahmed I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Sanskrit ( , for short ) is a classical language of India, a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, and Jainism, and one of the 23 official languages of India. ... A Bodo girl in the traditional Bodo dokhna The Bodos, also called the Boros, are an ethnic community that is concentrated mostly in the north-western parts of Assam in India. ...


When compared to the other major rivers in India, the Brahmaputra is less polluted but it has its own problems: petroleum refining units contribute most of the industrial pollution load into the basin along with other medium and small industries. The main problem facing the river basin is that of constant flooding. Floods have been occurring more often in recent years with deforestation, and other human activities being the major causes.


Bangladesh

A Map showing major rivers in Bangladesh including both branches of Brahmaputra - Jamuna and lower Brahmaputra.
A Map showing major rivers in Bangladesh including both branches of Brahmaputra - Jamuna and lower Brahmaputra.

In Bangladesh, the Brahmaputra splits into two branches: the much larger branch continues due south as the Jamuna (Jomuna) and flows into the Lower Ganges, locally called Padma (Pôdda), while the older branch curves southeast as the lower Brahmaputra (Bromhoputro) and flows into the Meghna. Both paths eventually reconverge near Chandpur in Bangladesh and flow out into the Bay of Bengal. However, the actual Brahmaputra river in Bangladesh passes through the Jamalpur and Mymensingh district. Fed by the waters of the Ganges and Brahmaputra, this river system forms the Ganges Delta, the largest river delta in the world. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1596x2000, 1531 KB) Bangladesh pshysical map Map of Bangladesh. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1596x2000, 1531 KB) Bangladesh pshysical map Map of Bangladesh. ... A Map showing major rivers in Bangladesh including Jamuna. ... A Map showing major rivers in Bangladesh including Jamuna. ... This article is about the river. ... The Padma River is a distributary of the Ganges River in Bangladesh. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Chandpur is a district in east-central Bangladesh. ... The Brahmaputra is one of the major rivers of Asia. ... Jamalpur is a district in Dhaka Division, Bangladesh. ... Mymensingh (Bengali: ) town is one of the Pourashovas (City) of Bangladesh situated at the centre of Mymensingh District. ... This article is about the river. ... Ganges River Delta, Bangladesh and India The Ganges Delta (or the Bengal Delta) is a river delta in the South Asia region of Bengal, consisting of Bangladesh and the state of West Bengal, India. ... Nile River delta, as seen from Earth orbit. ... For other uses, see World (disambiguation). ...


Flooding

During the monsoon season (June-October), floods are a common occurrence. Deforestation in the Brahmaputra watershed has resulted in increased siltation levels, flash floods, and soil erosion in critical downstearm habitat, such as the Kaziranga National Park in middle Assam. Ocassionally, massive flooding causes huge losses to crops, life and property. Periodic flooding is a natural phonomenon which is ecologically important because it helps maintain the lowland grasslands and associated wildlife. Periodic floods also deposit fresh alluvium replenishing the fertile soil of the Brahmaputra River Valley. Thus flooding, agriculture, and agricultural practices are closely connected.[4][5][6] Kaziranga National Park (Assamese: কাজিৰাঙ্গা জাতীয় উদ্যান , Assamese IAST: kājirāṅgā jātiya udyāna, Assamese IPA: kɑ/ɟi/rɑŋ/gɑ, Indian English IPA: kɑ/zi/rɑŋ/gɑ) is an Indian national park located on the south bank of the Brahmaputra river in the state of Assam, India. ...


Transportation and navigation

Until Indian independence in 1947, the Brahmaputra was used as a major waterway. In the 1990s, the stretch between Sadiya and Dhubri in India was declared as National Waterway No.2., and it provides facilities for goods transportation. Recent years have seen a modest spurt in the growth of river cruises with the introduction of the cruise ship, "Charaidew", by Assam Bengal Navigation. Sadiya (also, Sadia) is a small town in the Lakhimpur District of the North-eastern Indian state of Assam. ... Dhubri is the headquarter of Dhubri District, Assam, India. ...


See also

Bangladesh is a riverine country. ... This is a list of rivers which are at least partially located in China and their termini: Amur (Heilongjiang) (黑龙江)- Sea of Japan Songhua River (松花江) Brahmaputra - Bay of Bengal (joins the Ganges) Yangtze (Chang Jiang) (长江) - East China Sea Jialing (嘉陵江) Bailong (白龙江) Baishui (白水) Qujiang (渠江) Fujiang (涪 江) Min (Sichuan) (岷江) Wu (乌江) Gan (赣江) Zhang (章江) Gongshui (貢水) Mian Xiang... Map of the major rivers, lakes and reervoirs in India This is a list of rivers in India. ...

Notes and references

  1. ^ The Brahmaputra as it is called in various languages: Assamese: ব্ৰহ্মপুত্ৰ Brôhmôputrô; Bengali: ব্রহ্মপুত্র Bromhoputro; Hindi: ब्रम्हपुत्र, IAST: Bramhaputra; Tibetan: ཡར་ཀླུངས་གཙང་པོ་; Wylie: yar klung gtsang po Yarlung Tsangpo
  2. ^ The New Largest Canyon in the World from 100gogo.com
  3. ^ Canyonlands of Tibet and Central Asia, from canyonsworldwide.com.
  4. ^ Das, D.C. 2000. Agricultural Landuse and Productivity Pattern in Lower Brahmaputra valley (1970-71 and 1994-95). Ph.D. Thesis, Department of Geography, North Eastern Hill University, Shillong.
  5. ^ Mipun, B.S. 1989. Impact of Migrants and Agricultural Changes in the Lower Brahmaputra Valley : A Case Study of Darrang District. Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis, Department of Geography, North Eastern Hill University, Shillong.
  6. ^ Shrivastava, R.J. and Heinen, J.T. 2005. Migration and Home Gardens in the Brahmaputra Valley, Assam, India. Journal of Ecological Anthropology 9: 20-34.
  • This article incorporates text from the public domain 1907 edition of The Nuttall Encyclopædia.

Assamese ( ) (IPA: ) is a language spoken in the state of Assam in northeast India. ... Bengali or Bangla (IPA: ) is an Indo-Aryan language of the eastern Indian subcontinent, evolved from the Magadhi Prakrit, Pāli and Sanskrit languages. ... Hindi (हिन्दी) is a language spoken mainly in North and Central India. ... IAST, or International Alphabet of Sanskrit Transliteration is the academic standard for writing the Sanskrit language with the Latin alphabet and very similar to National Library at Calcutta romanization standard being used with many Indic scripts. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... The Wylie transliteration scheme is a method for transliterating the Tibetan script using the keys on a typical English language typewriter. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ... The Nuttall Encyclopædia is an early-20th-century encyclopedia, edited by Rev. ...

Further reading

  • Banglapedia:Brahmaputra River
  • Banglapedia:Old Brahmaputra River
  • Banglapedia:Brahmaputra-Jamuna River System
  • Bibliography on Water Resources and International Law See Ganges and Brahmaputra Rivers section.
  • Rivers of Dhemaji and Dhakuakhana
  • Background to Brahmaputra Flood Scenario

  Results from FactBites:
 
Rivers of Dhemaji and Dhakuakhana (5066 words)
Situated on the North Bank of the River Brahmaputra, the Dhemaji district and Dhakuakhana Civil Sub-division is bounded by the Brahmaputra River in the South and Subansiri River in the West.
This is a westerly-bifurcated branch of river Dihang.
The Dimow river and Jalakiasuti river combination is known as Archiyak river in their downstream course.The river then flows through a marshy land during its southward course for about 3km and combines with the left bifurcated branch of Dimow along the left side.
BANGLAPEDIA: Brahmaputra River (714 words)
Brahmaputra River one of the largest rivers in the world, with its basin covering areas in Tibet, China, India and Bangladesh.
In Bangladesh the reach of this river is very small-up to the off-take of the old brahmaputra-and its downstream portion after the off-take is known as the jamuna.
The gradient of the river in Bangladesh is 0.000077, decreasing to 0.00005 near the confluence with the Ganges.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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