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Encyclopedia > Bradford
Bradford

Bradford shown within West Yorkshire
Population 293,717
OS grid reference SE165325
Metropolitan borough City of Bradford
Metropolitan county West Yorkshire
Region Yorkshire and the Humber
Constituent country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BRADFORD
Postcode district BD
Dialling code 01274
Police West Yorkshire
Fire West Yorkshire
Ambulance Yorkshire
European Parliament Yorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament Bradford North
Bradford South
Bradford West
List of places: UKEnglandYorkshire

Coordinates: 53°47′19″N 1°44′55″W / 53.7887, -1.7487 // Places named Bradford England The city of Bradford in West Yorkshire City of Bradford Metropolitan District in West Yorkshire Bradford-upon-Avon (Wiltshire) Bradford, Cornwall Bradford, Derbyshire Bradford, Devon Bradford, Manchester Bradford, Northumberland Canada Bradford, Ontario, Canada USA Bradford, Arkansas Bradford, Illinois Bradford, Iowa Bradford, Maine Bradford, Massachusetts Bradford, New... The City of Bradford Metropolitan District is a metropolitan borough of West Yorkshire with city status. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Red_pog2. ... Coat of Arms of South Yorkshire West Yorkshire is a metropolitan county within the Yorkshire and the Humber region of England, that has a population of 2. ... This is a list of the largest cities and towns of England ordered by population. ... The British national grid reference system is a system of geographic grid references commonly used in Great Britain, different from using latitude or longitude. ... The districts of England are a level of subnational division of England used for the purposes of local government. ... The City of Bradford Metropolitan District is a metropolitan borough of West Yorkshire with city status. ... Metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties are one of the four levels of English administrative division used for the purposes of local government. ... Coat of Arms of South Yorkshire West Yorkshire is a metropolitan county within the Yorkshire and the Humber region of England, that has a population of 2. ... The region, also known as Government Office Region, is currently the highest tier of local government subnational entity of England in the United Kingdom. ... Yorkshire and the Humber is one of the regions of England. ... Constituent countries is a phrase used, often by official institutions, in contexts in which a number of countries make up a larger entity or grouping, concerning these countries; thus the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) has used the phrase in reference to the parts of former Yugoslavia... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... A post town is a required part of all UK postal addresses. ... UK postal codes are known as postcodes. ... The BD postcode area, also known as the Bradford postcode area[2], is a group of postal districts around Bingley, Bradford, Cleckheaton, Keighley, Settle, Shipley and Skipton in England. ... +44 redirects here. ... There are a number of policing agencies in the United Kingdom. ... West Yorkshire Police is the police force covering West Yorkshire in the United Kingdom. ... A Fire Appliance belonging to the Greater Manchester Fire and Rescue Service The fire service in the United Kingdom has undergone dramatic changes since the beginning of the 21st century, a process that has been propelled by a devolution of central government powers, new legislation and a change to operational... The West Yorkshire Fire and Rescue Service is the county-wide, statutory emergency fire and rescue service for the Metropolitan county of West Yorkshire, England. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... This is a list of Members of the European Parliament for the United Kingdom in the 2004 to 2009 session, ordered by name. ... Yorkshire and the Humber is a constituency of the European Parliament. ... The United Kingdom House of Commons is made up of Members of Parliament (MPs). ... Bradford North is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... Bradford South is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... Bradford West is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... List of cities in the United Kingdom List of towns in England Lists of places within counties List of places in Bedfordshire List of places in Berkshire List of places in Buckinghamshire List of places in Cambridgeshire List of places in Cheshire List of places in Cleveland List of places... This is a list of cities, towns and villages in the historic English county of Yorkshire. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


Bradford (pronunciation ) is a city in West Yorkshire, England. Together with neighbouring towns and villages, Bradford forms the metropolitan district of the City of Bradford. Coat of Arms of South Yorkshire West Yorkshire is a metropolitan county within the Yorkshire and the Humber region of England, that has a population of 2. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... A metropolitan borough (or metropolitan district) is a type of local government district in England, covering urban areas within metropolitan counties. ... The City of Bradford Metropolitan District is a metropolitan borough of West Yorkshire with city status. ...


Historically a part of the West Riding of Yorkshire, Bradford became a municipal borough in 1847, and received its charter as a city in 1897. The city status was transferred to the metropolitan district when it was formed in 1974.[2] It has a population of 293,717 with the district as a whole having 493,100 inhabitants. By urban sub-area, it is the 6th largest settlement in England. The historic counties of England are ancient subdivisions of England. ... The West Riding as an administrative county prior to its abolition in 1974. ... A borough is a political division originally used in England. ... Cathedral city redirects here. ... This is a list of the largest cities and towns of England ordered by population. ... The figures are mid-year estimates for 2005, unless otherwise stated, from the Office for National Statistics [1]. See also: List of towns and cities in England by population - List of English counties by population - List of ceremonial counties of England by population - List of English districts by area - List...

History

Panorama over Bradford, 2006.
Panorama over Bradford, 2006.

The name Bradford is derived from the "broad ford" at Church Bank (below the site of Bradford Cathedral) around which a settlement had begun to appear before the time of the Norman Conquest ("Bradeford" in the Domesday book of 1086). The ford crossed the stream called Bradford Beck [3]. A ford, with pedestrian footbridge, on a minor road near Weimar bei Kassel in Germany The ford at Brockenhurst, leading into the village centre, following heavy rain. ... The east end of the cathedral The interior The Altar Bradford Cathedral (Grid reference SE166333) is situated in the heart of Bradford town centre in Yorkshire, England, on a site used for Christian worship since 8th century. ... Bayeux Tapestry depicting events leading to the Battle of Hastings The Norman Conquest of England was the conquest of the Kingdom of England by William the Conqueror (Duke of Normandy), in 1066 at the Battle of Hastings and the subsequent Norman control of England. ... A line drawing entitled Domesday Book from Andrew Williamss Historic Byways and Highways of Old England. ... Events Domesday Book is completed in England Emperor Shirakawa of Japan starts his cloistered rule Imam Ali Mosque is rebuilt by the Seljuk Malik Shah I after being destroyed by fire. ...


Bradford has long been a centre of the West Riding wool industry. Bradford was one of the many English towns which became prosperous during the Industrial Revolution. Bradford's textile industry dates back as far as the 13th century, but it was not until the 19th century that it became world-famous. Wool was imported in vast quantities for the worsted cloth in which Bradford specialised. Other fibres were also processed, e.g., alpaca. Yorkshire boasted plentiful supplies of iron ore, coal and soft water which were used in cleaning raw wool, and a huge coal seam provided the power that the industry needed. Sandstone, Bradford's local stone, was an excellent resource for the building of the mills, and the large population of West Yorkshire meant there was a readily available workforce. The West Riding as an administrative county prior to its abolition in 1974. ... For other uses, see Wool (disambiguation). ... A Watt steam engine, the steam engine that propelled the Industrial Revolution in Britain and the world. ... Worsted is the name of a dick the cloth made from this yarn, as well as a yarn weight category. ... This article is about a breed of domesticated ungulates. ... This heap of iron ore pellets will be used in steel production. ... Coal Example chemical structure of coal Coal is a fossil fuel formed in ecosystems where plant remains were saved by water and mud from oxidization and biodegradation. ... Soft water is the term used to describe types of water that contain few or no calcium or magnesium ions. ... Red sandstone interior of Lower Antelope Canyon, Arizona, worn smooth due to erosion by flash flooding over millions of years Sandstone is a sedimentary rock composed mainly of sand-size mineral or rock grains. ...


A culture of innovation was fundamental to Bradford's dominance in the 19th and 20th centuries. New textile technologies were invented in the city. A prime example being the work of Samuel Lister. This innovation culture continues today throughout Bradford's economy: from automotive Kahn Design [4] to electronics Pace Micro Technology. Samuel Cunliffe Lister, 1st Baron of Masham (1815 – 1906) was a British inventor and industrialist, born in Calverley Hall, near Bradford. ... Pace Micro Technology Plc is a British manufacturer of set top boxes for digital and analogue satellite television, founded in 1982. ...


To support the textile mills, a large manufacturing base grew up in the city, providing textile machinery, and this led to diversification with different industries thriving side-by-side. For example, Bradford's proud manufacturing history includes the Jowett Motor Company, which had many great achievements during its 50 years existence. The textile industry started to decline in the 1920s, and Bradford has been cited as an example of deindustrialization. However, today a spirit of rebirth has taken hold and Bradford is one of the north's important cities, with modern technology, chemicals, engineering, academic and financial sectors replacing the "dark satanic mills" image of the Industrial Revolution. A factory (previously manufactory) is a large industrial building where goods or products are manufactured. ... Jowett was a car marque from Bradford, England from 1906 to 1954. ...


The grandest of the mills (no longer used for textile production) is Lister Mills, the chimney of which can be seen from most places in Bradford. It has recently become a beacon of regeneration in the city after a £100 million conversion to apartment blocks by property developers Urban Splash [5]. Photograph of Listers Mill during redevelopment in 2004. ... Urban Splash, set up in 1993, is a British company which regenerates decaying industrial warehouses and mills into modern apartments and penthouses as well as construct new build developments. ...


Salts Mill is another large mill that has an exciting new life in the modern era. The mill is occupied by high technology companies, contemporary design shops and gallery spaces. It is the hub of the world heritage site of Saltaire, three miles north of Bradford city centre. The Bradford district also contains the villages of Thornton and Haworth, the birthplace and home of the world famous Brontë sisters. Clayton was home to Albert Pierrepoint, Britain's last hangman. Saltaire mills from the Leeds and Liverpool Canal Salts Mill is an art gallery, shopping and restaurant complex located in Saltaire, West Yorkshire. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... Saltaire is the name of a Victorian era model village in the metropolitan borough of Bradford, West Yorkshire, England, by the River Aire and the Leeds and Liverpool Canal. ... Thornton village lies to the west of Bradford, into which it was incorporated around 1899, but was mentioned in the Domesday Book of the 11th Century, when it had been laid waste by William the Conquerors harrying of the north, punishment for an uprising against the Norman invaders of... Haworth, Main Street Haworth, Main Street For alternate meanings see Haworth (disambiguation) Haworth is a small village and tourist attraction, in the English county of West Yorkshire, best known for its association with the Brontë sisters. ... The Brontë sisters, painted by their brother, Branwell c. ... A view of The Albion – one of the series of pubs on Claytons main street Clayton is an area of Bradford, West Yorkshire, in England, situated to the west of the town centre. ... Albert Pierrepoint (30 March 1905 – 10 July 1992) is the most famous member of a Yorkshire family who provided three of Britains Chief Executioners in the first half of the 20th century. ...


Ever since the Industrial Revolution there have been waves of immigration into the city and today there is a very diverse population (Figures for ethnic origin of inhabitants are given in the entry for the Metropolitan District). This is reflected in the different types of places of worship built over the years. Nonconformist chapels were frequently built in the 19th century, and mosques started appearing in the 20th century. The city has been praised for its cultural diversity but on occasion conflict has arisen. In January 1989, copies of Salman Rushdie's The Satanic Verses were publicly burnt in Bradford, and the city's Muslim community took the lead in the campaign against the book in the UK. In July 2001, ethnic tensions and troubles in other northern towns led to serious rioting in Bradford "Bradford Riot". The City of Bradford Metropolitan District is a metropolitan borough of West Yorkshire with city status. ... Sir Ahmed Salman Rushdie (Devanagari : अहमद सलमान रश्दी Nastaliq:; born 19 June 1947) is an Indian-British novelist and essayist. ... The Satanic Verses is Salman Rushdies fourth novel, first published in 1988 and inspired in part by the life of Muhammad. ... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... The Upper Globe pub was attacked during the riot & has since lain derelict. ...


Bradford was one of the contenders for 2008 European Capital Of Culture. Although in the end it lost out to Liverpool, the bid created confidence in the city and has led to new initiatives.


In 2004, the Bradford Urban Regeneration Company commissioned architect Will Alsop to create a vision for the city's future and the role of a "City Centre" in the 21st century. The audacious (yet controversial) Alsop plan [6] envisions four regenerated quarters within the heart of the city — The Bowl, The Channel, The Market and The Valley — each creating new public spaces for commerce, education, leisure and showcasing Bradford's setting within the Pennine region. Will Alsop (born 1947) is an English architect based in London, responsible for several distinctive and controversial modernist buildings — most in the United Kingdom. ...


Governance

Bradford City Hall
Bradford City Hall

During the English Civil War the town was Parliamentarian in sympathy, but changed hands several times as it was difficult to defend. A life-size statue of Oliver Cromwell decorates the façade of the 19th century City Hall, suggesting a continuing commitment to parliamentary values. However, Bradford did not gain its own MPs until the Reform Act 1832 gave it two. Other prominent statues of political figures include Robert Peel and Richard Cobden (campaigners for free trade which Bradford at one time saw as key to its commercial success) and W.E. Forster (perhaps Bradford's most famous MP). Bradford's politicians tended to identify with industrialists in the 19th century, but the city played an important part in the early history of the Labour Party. A mural on the back of the Priestley Centre For The Arts (visible from Leeds Road) commemorates the centenary of the founding of the Independent Labour Party in 1893. For other uses, see English Civil War (disambiguation). ... The Roundheads was the nickname given to supporters of the Parliamentarian cause in the English Civil War. ... Oliver Cromwell (25 April 1599 – 3 September 1658) was an English military and political leader best known for his involvement in making England into a republican Commonwealth and for his later role as Lord Protector of England, Scotland and Ireland. ... The Representation of the People Act 1832, commonly known as the Reform Act 1832, was an Act of Parliament that introduced wide-ranging changes to the electoral system of the United Kingdom. ... For other people named Robert Peel, see Robert Peel (disambiguation). ... Richard Cobden Richard Cobden (June 3, 1804 – April 2, 1865) was a British manufacturer and Radical and Liberal statesman, associated with John Bright in the formation of the Anti-Corn Law League. ... Free trade is an economic concept referring to the selling of products between countries without tariffs or other trade barriers. ... William Edward Forster in 1851 William Edward Forster (July 11, 1818 - April 6, 1886), British statesman, was born of Quaker parents at Bradpole in Dorsetshire. ... The Labour Party is a political party in the United Kingdom. ... The Independent Labour Party (ILP) was a former political party in the United Kingdom. ...


Bradford was incorporated as a municipal borough in 1847, covering the parishes of Bradford, Horton and Manningham. It became a county borough with the passing of the Local Government Act 1888. The county borough was granted city status by Letters Patent in 1897. Bradford was expanded in 1882 to include Allerton, Bolton, Bowling, Heaton, Thornbury and Tyersal. In 1899 it was further expanded by adding North Bierley, Eccleshill, Idle, Thornton, Tong and Wyke. Clayton was added in 1930. A borough is a political division originally used in England. ... Horton is the name of several places: Horton (Old English) meaning a Grey settlement. ... Manningham is an area of Bradford, West Yorkshire, England, approximately a mile north of the city centre and is seen as the centre of the citys south Asian population. ... County borough was a term introduced in 1889 in the United Kingdom to refer to a borough or a city independent of county administration. ... The Local Government Act 1888 (51 & 52 Vict. ... Cathedral city redirects here. ... Letters Patent by Queen Victoria creating the office of Governor-General of Australia Letters patent are a type of legal instrument in the form of an open letter issued by a monarch or government granting an office, a right, monopoly, title, or status to someone or some entity such as... 2004 Boundaries of Bolton and Undercliffe Ward Bolton and Undercliffe is a corrupt (evidenced through the high court)electoral ward in the historically corrupt City of Bradford Metropolitan District Councilvarious mpsv and councillors have been fined and imprisoned for bribery and sexual favours. ... A bowler releases the ball. ... Heaton is a small village in [[Bradford] filled with cynics], West Yorkshire, England. ... Thornbury is a village in West Yorkshire, England is east of the city of Bradford. ... Tyersal is a district of Pudsey, West Yorkshire. ... 2004 Boundaries of Eccleshill Ward This article is about the ward in the City of Bradford for the parish in Blackburn with Darwen see Eccleshill (Lancashire) Eccleshill (population 16,769 - 2001 UK census) is a Ward in Bradford Metropolitian District in the county of West Yorkshire, England. ... 2004 Boundaries of Idle and Thackley Ward Idle and Thackley (population 14,541 - 2001 UK census) is a Ward in Bradford Metropolitian District in the county of West Yorkshire, England, named after the villages of Idle and Thackley around which it is drawn. ... Thornton village lies to the west of Bradford, into which it was incorporated around 1899, but was mentioned in the Domesday Book of the 11th Century, when it had been laid waste by William the Conquerors harrying of the north, punishment for an uprising against the Norman invaders of... 2004 Boundaries of Tong Ward Tong (population 17,069 - 2001 UK census) is a Ward in Bradford Metropolitian District in the county of West Yorkshire, England, named after Tong village which is its oldest settlement. ... 2004 Boundaries of Wyke Wyke (population 14,180 - 2001 UK census) is a Ward in Bradford Metropolitian District in the county of West Yorkshire, England, named after the village of Wyke. ... Clayton can refer to many things: It is a goalie // Clayton, Victoria Clayton, South Australia Clayton, West Yorkshire Clayton-le-woods, Lancashire Clayton, Manchester Clayton, Newcastle-under-Lyme Clayton, Sussex Clayton, Alabama Clayton, California Clayton, Connecticut Clayton, Delaware Clayton, Georgia Clayton, Idaho Clayton, Illinois Clayton, Indiana Clayton, Iowa Clayton, Kansas...


The county borough was merged with the Borough of Keighley, the Urban Districts of Baildon, Bingley, Denholme,Cullingworth, Ilkley, Shipley and Silsden, along with part of Queensbury and Shelf Urban District and part of Skipton Rural District by the Local Government Act 1972. One result of the boundaries of Bradford being widened in this way is that the district is marginal in terms of party political loyalty — at present no group is in overall control of the council. For the constituency of the same name, see Keighley (UK Parliament constituency). ... Baildon (Celtic sun God Baal and Dune hill) is a village in the county of West Yorkshire, England, north of Bradford, and in the metropolitan borough of Bradford. ... Bingley is a town in the City of Bradford Metropolitan District, West Yorkshire, England, five miles north west of Bradford. ... Denholme is a small town and civil parish in the Bradford Metropolitan Borough, West Yorkshire, England. ... St Johns Church Cullingworth Cullingworth is a medium sized village in West Yorkshire, between Bradford and Haworth. ... Ilkley is a spa town and civil parish in West Yorkshire, in the north of England. ... Shipley is a town in the county of West Yorkshire, England, by the River Aire and the Leeds and Liverpool Canal, north of Bradford and close to Saltaire. ... Silsden is widely regarded as The Pride of The North, situated in West Yorkshire, England. ... Queensbury and Shelf was an urban district in the West Riding of Yorkshire from 1937 to 1974. ... Skipton was a rural district in the West Riding of Yorkshire from 1894 to 1974. ... The Local Government Act 1972 (1972 c. ...


In 1858 a case of poisoning occurring as a result of sweets sold from Bradford's Green Market being adulterated with arsenic led to legislation such as the Pharmacies Act 1868 and W.E. Gladstone's regulating of the adulteration of foodstuffs. See The Bradford Sweet Poisoning. General Name, Symbol, Number arsenic, As, 33 Chemical series metalloids Group, Period, Block 15, 4, p Appearance metallic gray Standard atomic weight 74. ... The Right Honourable William Ewart Gladstone (29 December 1809–19 May 1898) was a British Liberal statesman and Prime Minister (1868–1874, 1880–1885, 1886 and 1892–1894). ... The Bradford sweets poisoning was the accidental arsenic poisoning of more than 200 people in Bradford, England in 1858; an estimated 20 people died when sweets accidentally made with arsenic were sold from a market stall. ...


Geography

Bradford is located at 53°45′00″N, 01°50′00″W (53.7500, -1.8333)1. Topographically, it is located in the eastern part of the moorland region called the South Pennines. A gazetteer is a geographic dictionary index; a combination atlas/almanac. ... Typical South Pennines scenery: moors, pylons and a reservoir The South Pennines are a region of moorland and hill country in the North of England. ...


The Bradford Metropolitan District has an estimated population (2003) of 477,775. About 300,000 of these live within the main city area itself, the rest living in the surrounding towns, villages and countryside.


Bradford Beck

Unusually for a major city, Bradford is not built on any substantial body of water. The ford from which it takes its name (Broad-Ford) was a crossing of the stream called Bradford Beck. The beck rises in the Pennine hills to the west of the city, and is swelled by tributaries such as Horton Beck, Westbrook, Bowling Beck and Eastbrook. At the site of the original ford, just below the present Bradford Cathedral, it turns north, and flows more or less straight towards the River Aire at Shipley. A ford, with pedestrian footbridge, on a minor road near Weimar bei Kassel in Germany The ford at Brockenhurst, leading into the village centre, following heavy rain. ... A ford, with pedestrian footbridge, on a minor road near Weimar bei Kassel in Germany The ford at Brockenhurst, leading into the village centre, following heavy rain. ... The east end of the cathedral The interior The Altar Bradford Cathedral (Grid reference SE166333) is situated in the heart of Bradford town centre in Yorkshire, England, on a site used for Christian worship since 8th century. ... Gordale Beck flows out of Gordale Scar to join the Aire. ... Shipley is a town in the county of West Yorkshire, England, by the River Aire and the Leeds and Liverpool Canal, north of Bradford and close to Saltaire. ...

Bradford Beck's course through the city centre is entirely underground, and was mostly so by the middle of the 19th century. On the 1852 Ordnance Survey map of Bradford[7] it is visible as far as Sun Bridge, at the end of Tyrrell Street, and then again from beside the Railway Station at the bottom of Kirkgate. On the 1906 Ordnance Survey,[8] it disappears at Tumbling Hill Street, off Thornton Road, and first appears again north of Cape Street, off Valley Road, though there are further culverts as far as Queens Road. This is substantially the position today. The Leeds and Liverpool Canal is a canal in the north of England running from Liverpool, Merseyside to Leeds, West Yorkshire. ... Bingley is a town in the City of Bradford Metropolitan District, West Yorkshire, England, five miles north west of Bradford. ... Part of an Ordnance Survey map at 1 inch to the mile scale from 1945 Ordnance Survey (OS) is an executive agency of the United Kingdom government. ... Bradford Forster Square Station is a railway station in Bradford, West Yorkshire, England. ...


Bradford Beck is now a central element of the Alsop plan to regenerate the city centre. 'The Bowl' is an ambitious project to open up the beck and create a huge pool to act as the pivotal point of the new city centre.


The Bradford Canal, built in 1774, took its water from Bradford Beck and its tributaries. This supply was often inadequate to feed the locks, and the polluted state of the canal led to its temporary closure in 1866: the canal was closed in the early 20th century as uneconomic. Like the beck, the canal is about to be rejuvenated in the Alsop plan. 'The Channel' envisages the reopening of the canal and the creation of a new canal-side community. The Bradford Canal ran three and half miles through 10 locks from the Leeds and Liverpool Canal to Shipley on the northern edge of Bradford. ...


Bradfordale

Bradfordale (or Bradforddale) is a name given by geographers to the valley of Bradford Beck (see for example Firth 1997[9]). It can reasonably be regarded as one of the Yorkshire Dales, though as the site of a big city, it is often not recognised as such. The Yorkshire Dales (also known as the Dales) is the name given to an upland area, in Northern England. ...


Economy

Bradford's historical prominence in textile industries has now waned, however the prevailing low wages and the support of a thriving educational sector continue to create economic success in many areas, notably: Finance (Yorkshire Building Society, Bradford & Bingley plc, Abbey/Grupo Santander, Provident Financial plc), Retail (Morrison's supermarkets, Grattan Mail Order), Electronics (Pace Micro, Filtronic, NG Bailey), Manufacturing (Denso Marston, CIBA Chemicals).


Education

University of Bradford
University of Bradford

The University of Bradford has over 10,000 students. It received its Royal Charter in 1966, but traces its history back to the 1860s. It has always been a technical and technological institution, and has no true arts faculties; but it still covers a wide range of subjects including technology & management science, optometry, pharmacy, medical sciences, nursing studies, archaeology and modern languages. Its Peace Studies Department, founded with Quaker support in 1973, was for long the only such institution in the UK. In terms of nationally recognised leading areas of research there are various departments such as Institute of Pharmaceutical Innovation, Institute of Cancer Therapeutics, Bradford School of Pharmacy, Peace Studies, Archaeology, Engineering, Management, Biochemistry, amongst others. It balances academic research, teaching quality with a strong tradition of social inclusion. The University of Bradford is a university in Bradford, West Yorkshire in the United Kingdom. ... For the ship of the same name, see Royal Charter (ship). ... Peace and conflict studies can be defined as the inter-disciplinary inquiry into war as human condition and peace as human potential, as an alternative to the traditional Polemology (War Studies) and the strategies taught at Military academies. ... The Religious Society of Friends, commonly known as Quakers, or Friends, is a religious community founded in England in the 17th century. ...


University of Bradford School of Management located near Lister Park, is currently rated the 11th best business school by the Financial Times [10] and 21st best by the Economist [11] in the UK. Bradford University School of Management, located in Bradford (UK), established in 1963, is an international business school. ...


Bradford College has around 26,000 students. It developed from the 19th century technical college whose buildings it has inherited. It now offers a wide range of further and higher educational courses, and is an Associate College of Leeds Metropolitan University. It has absorbed the Art School whose most famous alumnus is David Hockney. Α This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Leeds Metropolitan University Leeds Metropolitan University is a university with campuses in Leeds and Harrogate, Yorkshire, England. ... We Two Boys Together Clinging, 1961. ...


Bradford Grammar School, in Frizinghall, dates back to 1548: it has been co-educational since 1999. The Girls' Grammar School, Bradford is a quite separate establishment dating from 1875: it continues to take only girls except for its Infants' Department. Woodhouse Grove School is another major private education establishment, located in the Aire Valley at Apperley Bridge. Bradford Grammar School was founded in 1548 and granted its Charter as the Free Grammar School of King Charles II in 1662. ... Woodhouse Grove School is an independent school in Apperley Bridge, Bradford. ...


Health

There are two major hospitals in Bradford: Bradford Royal Infirmary and St Luke's Hospital. Plus significant local health centres and cottage hospitals. Private health care is also available at the Yorkshire Clinic, Shipley and the Yorkshire Eye Hospital, Greengates. Fantrl 21:12, 26 Jun 2005 (UTC) Bradford Royal Infirmary Duckworth Lane Bradford West Yorkshire BD9 6RJ Tel no: 01274 542200 Bradford Royal Infirmary was opened in 1937 and, because of the onset of World War II, remained the countrys most modern hospital for many years. ...


Bradford is home to one of the UK's largest ever birth cohort studies, known as Born in Bradford. Partly supported by European funding, it is the result of close collaboration between the University of Bradford, the NHS and other institutions in West Yorkshire. It will track the lives of all the babies born in the city from 2006 to 2008 and aim to find solutions to some of Bradford's public health problems, such as obesity and a higher than average infant mortality rate. Born in Bradford Logo Born in Bradford is a large birth cohort study based at Bradford Royal Infirmary, a hospital in the city of Bradford, West Yorkshire in the United Kingdom. ... The University of Bradford is a university in Bradford, West Yorkshire in the United Kingdom. ... The National Health Service (NHS) is the publicly-funded healthcare system of the United Kingdom. ... Infant mortality is the death of infants in the first year of life. ...


Development

Recently many significant developments have been completed in the Bradford district (last 10 years). In addition further large schemes are under construction and proposed.


Complete:

  • Centenary Square, city centre, public piazza and retail
  • Connecting the City, [12] £20 m clearance of 1960s structures over several acres of the city centre, preparation for Broadway project
  • Lister Mills Silk Warehouse, Manningham, 131 apartments first phase of £100 m project
  • Victoria Mill, Shipley, £70 m conversion and new build, 300 apartments [13] (part complete)
  • City termination of M606
  • Leisure Exchange, city centre, multiplex cinemas, bowling, restaurants
  • New Class 333 electric trains (similar to Heathrow Express) from Forster Square railway station to Leeds/Ilkley/Skipton/Shipley/Bingley/Keighley
  • Abbey offices, Yorkshire Building Society offices, city centre
  • Valley Parade, Manningham, completion of 25,000 seat covered stands at Bradford City football stadium
  • Manchester Road corridor, 2 mile guided bus route with innovative art installation/bus stops
  • Bingley Relief Road, £49 m project creating 9 mile high-speed route through Airedale
  • Rawson Quarter, redevelopment of the former Rawson Market.

Under construction and (proposed): Photograph of Listers Mill during redevelopment in 2004. ... The M606 Bradford Spur motorway leaves the M62 motorway at junction 26, near Cleckheaton, and heads into Bradford, to join the A6177 Bradford Ring Road at an incomplete terminus. ... The British Rail Class 333 electrical multiple units were built by Siemens and are based on the Class 332 trains operated by Heathrow Express. ... Heathrow Express is a train service from Heathrow Airport to Paddington in central London operated by the Heathrow Express Operating Authority—a wholly owned subsidiary of BAA. The service is not part of the National Rail system, despite part of its journey sharing track with National Rail trains and terminating... Valley Parade, currently known under a naming-rights contract as the Intersonic Stadium (previously the Bradford & Bingley Stadium), is the home stadium of Bradford City football club in the built up area of Manningham, in Bradford, West Yorkshire, England. ... The Rawson Quarter is a shopping centre in central Bradford, bound by Godwin Street, James Street, John Street and Rawson Place. ...

  • Lister Mills Velvet Mill, 170 apartments
  • Broadway Project, £300 m city centre shops, offices and apartments (proposed, clearance complete)
  • The Gatehaus, Little Germany, [14] £22 m 11 floor apartment building [15] [16] (completion 2007)
  • Eastbrook Hall, Little Germany, £12 m rebuilding significant structure to create commercial and living space (completion summer 2007)
  • Listerhills urban village, £90 m mixed use project, student and key-worker housing, in city centre Thornton Road/Valley area (commences 2007)
  • New Victoria Place, £55 m hotel, public square, offices, retail, Bradford College, 205 apartments, adjacent Alhambra Theatre and Centenary Square (commences summer 2007, completion 2009)
  • Channel neighbourhood, £350 m waterside project in city centre Canal Road area, shops, offices, apartments, includes reopening Bradford Canal (in planning)
  • University campus refurbishment, £75 m project as part of 'Ecoversity' vision (part complete) [17]
  • Lister Mills further phases of £100 m project, Chimney Square, Boiler House, link to Victor Road and Lister Park (proposed)
  • Drummonds, Manningham, conversion of mills to apartments and offices (proposed)
  • The Bowl, centrepiece of the Alsop Masterplan large pool backed by City Hall, the future gathering place for Bradfordians (purchase of land in progress)
  • Citygate project, Manchester Road (City Centre end) hotel, residential and commercial buildings including a recently announced 38 storey tower, making it Bradford's tallest (completion 2012)
  • Beehive Mills, Thornton Road, residential apartments and commercial uses on the ground floors including a 22 storey tower (commences October 2007, completion 2010)

Photograph of Listers Mill during redevelopment in 2004. ... Bradford Forster Square, Bradford Westfield Magellan Properties Bradford City Metropolitan District Council Categories: | | ... The Gatehaus is an 11 story glass building currently under construction in Bradford, West Yorkshire in England. ... The Channel, Bradford is a future development in the city of Bradford aimed at regenerated a part of the Centre of Bradford. ... Photograph of Listers Mill during redevelopment in 2004. ...

Twin towns

Bradford's current twin towns and cities are listed at http://www.bradford.gov.uk/life_in_the_community/twin_towns_and_villages:

Image File history File links Flag_of_Macedonia. ... Location of the city of Skopje (green) in the Republic of Macedonia Country Macedonia Municipality Government  - Mayor Trifun Kostovski Area  - Total 1,854 km² (715. ... For an explanation of terms related to Macedonia, see Macedonia (terminology). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Roubaix (Dutch Robaais) is a city of northern France, in the Nord département, located near the cities of Lille and Tourcoing and the Belgian border. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Belgium_(civil). ... Center of Verviers Verviers is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Liège. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Mönchengladbach is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Map of Germany showing Hamm Hamm is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ireland. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: , Irish Grid Reference M300256 Statistics Province: Connacht County: Dáil Éireann: Galway West European Parliament: North-West Dialling Code: 091 Postal District(s): G Area: 50. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... This article is about Mirpur, a city of Pakistan-administered Kashmir. ... This article details only the area administered by Pakistan. ...

Culture and recreation

Museums and art galleries

The city is the location of the most visited museum outside London - the National Media Museum, previously called the National Museum of Photography, Film & Television, which has three cinemas including a gigantic Imax screen. Bradford's main art gallery is housed in the grand Edwardian Cartwright Hall in Lister Park. Salt's Mill has the world's largest collection of David Hockney artworks. Bradford Industrial Museum[18] celebrates and explains the significant achievements in Bradford's industrial past, from textiles to the manufacture of motor cars. Colour was important in the development of the textile industry and the educational Bradford Colour Museum [19] is unique in the UK. It is run by the Society of Dyers and Colourists. Cartwright Hall is a civic art gallery situated in the Mannigham area of the city of Bradford. ... Lister Park (also known as Manningham Park) is a picturesque public park in Manningham, about a mile outside the city centre of Bradford, West Yorkshire, England. ... The National Media Museum, Bradford The National Media Museum (formerly the National Museum of Photography, Film and Television) is a museum in Bradford, West Yorkshire, UK. Part of the National Museum of Science and Industry, it is now one of the most popular museums in the UK outside London, with... IMAX theatre at the Melbourne Museum complex, Australia BFI London IMAX by night LHemisferic (Ciutat de les Arts i les Ciències) Valencia, Spain IMAX (short for Image Maximum) is a film format created by Canadas IMAX Corporation that has the capacity to display images of far greater... Cartwright Hall is a civic art gallery situated in the Mannigham area of the city of Bradford. ... Lister Park (also known as Manningham Park) is a picturesque public park in Manningham, about a mile outside the city centre of Bradford, West Yorkshire, England. ... Saltaire mills from the Leeds and Liverpool Canal Salts Mill (or Salts Mill) is an art gallery, shopping and restaurant complex located in Saltaire, Bradford, West Yorkshire. ... We Two Boys Together Clinging, 1961. ...


Festivals

Each year the city hosts several successful festivals. In June the Bradford Festival [20] includes a Book Festival and the massive Bradford Mela [21], the biggest of its kind outside Asia. The Ilkley Literature Festival [22] in September/October is the largest and most prestigious in the north attracting big names from the arts and entertainment. There are several Continental Markets and Food Fairs throughout the city and district including the Bradford International Market, a four day spectacular in August. The city has an annual series of important film and cinema events: the Bradford Film Festival in March, Bite The Mango (World Cinema) in September, plus the Bradford Animation Festival held each November. The Ilkley Literature Festival is the north of Englands oldest and largest literature festival. ...


Architecture

Bradford's oldest building is the cathedral, which for most of its life was a parish church. Few other Medieval buildings have survived apart from Bolling Hall, which has been preserved as a museum. The east end of the cathedral The interior The Altar Bradford Cathedral (Grid reference SE166333) is situated in the heart of Bradford town centre in Yorkshire, England, on a site used for Christian worship since 8th century. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... Bolling Hall is one of the oldest buildings in Bradford, England. ...

The Wool Exchange, Bradford.
The Wool Exchange, Bradford.

Bradford has some fine Victorian buildings: apart from the mills mentioned elsewhere in this article, there is the City Hall (with statues of rulers of England unusually including Oliver Cromwell), the Wool Exchange (now used as a bookshop), and a large Victorian cemetery at Undercliffe. Manchester Town Hall is an example of Victorian architecture found in Manchester, UK. The Carson Mansion is an example of a Victorian home in Eureka, California, USA The term Victorian architecture can refer to one of a number of architectural styles predominantly in the Victorian era. ... Oliver Cromwell (25 April 1599 – 3 September 1658) was an English military and political leader best known for his involvement in making England into a republican Commonwealth and for his later role as Lord Protector of England, Scotland and Ireland. ... The Wool Exchange Building in Bradford was built between 1864 and 1867. ...


Little Germany is a splendid Victorian commercial district just east of the city centre which takes its name from 19th century immigrants who ran businesses from some of the many listed buildings. Following decades of decay there have been successful conversions to office and residential use. In mid-2005 renovation began on the prominent Eastbrook Hall in Little Germany. Mills in Little Germany Little Germany, Bradford is an area in Central Bradford, West Yorkshire, of particular historical and architectural interest. ... Buckingham Palace, a Grade I listed building. ...


Like many cities, Bradford lost a number of notable buildings to developers in the 1960s and 1970s: particularly mourned at the time were the Swan Arcade and the old Kirkgate Market. In recent years some buildings from that era have themselves been demolished and replaced: Provincial House, next to Centenary Square, was demolished by controlled explosion in 2002[1], and Forster House was pulled down in 2005 as part of the Broadway development.[2] A real estate developer (American English) or property developer (British English) makes improvements of some kind to real property, thereby increasing its value. ... Bradford Forster Square, Bradford Westfield Magellan Properties Bradford City Metropolitan District Council Categories: | | ...


Theatre

There are four theatres in Bradford: The Alhambra was built in 1914 for theatre impresario Frank Laidler, and later owned by the Moss Empire group (Oswald Stoll and Edward Moss) and refurbished in 1986; The Studio is a smaller studio theatre in the same complex. Both of these are operated by Bradford Council. The Theatre in the Mill is a small studio theatre in the University of Bradford which presents both student and community shows and small-scale touring professional work. The Priestley Theatre is a privately run venue with a medium-sized proscenium theatre and a small studio. The Bradford Alhambra is a theatre in Bradford, West Yorkshire. ... Sir Oswald Stoll (20 January 1866 – 9 January 1942) was a British theatre manager and the co-founder of the Stoll Moss Group theatre empire. ... Sir Horace Edward Moss (1852–25 November 1912) was a British theatre impresario and the founder of the Moss Empires theatre company (now known as the Stoll Moss Group). ... The City of Bradford Metropolitan District is a metropolitan borough of West Yorkshire with city status. ... The University of Bradford is a university in Bradford, West Yorkshire in the United Kingdom. ... The Priestley is a 294 seat proscenium arch theatre with circle and stall seating. ...


Among the professional theatre companies based in Bradford, are

  • Kala Sangam
  • the satirical madcap comedy troop, Komedy Kollective.
  • Lost Dog (based at Theatre In The Mill)
  • Mind the Gap, one of the longest established, who have always worked with a mixture of disabled and able-bodied performers.

Groups and organisations teaching theatre include Satire is a literary technique of writing or art which principally ridicules its subject (individuals, organizations, states) often as an intended means of provoking or preventing change. ... Disabilities are limitations in activity and/or functioning that are attributable to permanent medical conditions in physical, mental, emotional, and/or sensory domains and, significantly, are also due to societal responses to those limitations. ...

  • The Asian Theatre School
  • Bradford Stage and Theatre School
  • Stage 84

Amateur theatre groups include:

  • Actors' Community Theatre (ACT)
  • Bingley Little Theatre
  • The Bradford Players
  • Bradford University Society for Operettas and Musicals (BUSOM)
  • Bradford University Theatre Group (BUTG),
  • Bradford Youth Players
  • Buttershaw (St Paul's) Church Amateur Operatic and Dramatic Society
  • Drama Unlimited
  • Great Horton Amateur Operatic Society

Music and dance

St George's Hall is a grand concert hall, designed by Lockwood and Mawson, dating from 1853. The Hallé Orchestra have been regular visitors over the years, as have a wide range of popular entertainers including Ken Dodd. It is sometimes used for theatrical productions. St Georges Hall, Bradford Despite considerable investment in the 1980s, the Hall is in need of renovation and the Council has announced that it is commited to developing the hall as Bradfords main concert hall. ... The Hallé Orchestra is one of Britains longest established orchestras, and is based in Manchester. ... Kenneth Arthur Dodd OBE (born 8 November 1927, in Knotty Ash, Liverpool), better known as Ken Dodd, is a veteran English comedian and singer, famous for selling over 100 million records, his buck teeth, frizzy hair, feather duster (or tickling stick), and his catchphrases, often playing on the tickled motif...


Though the university does not have an academic music department, it has a Fellow in Music who organises a range of playing and performing groups, and regular concerts around the university, in venues such as the Tasmin Little Music Centre, and the Yorkshire Craft Centre at Bradford College; there are also occasional concerts further afield, in venues such as Bradford Cathedral. The University of Bradford is a university in Bradford, West Yorkshire in the United Kingdom. ... Tasmin Little (born May 13, 1965) is an English violinist. ... Α This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The east end of the cathedral The interior The Altar Bradford Cathedral (Grid reference SE166333) is situated in the heart of Bradford town centre in Yorkshire, England, on a site used for Christian worship since 8th century. ...


Although Bradford was home to composer Frederick Delius, there are no prominent professional music ensembles based in Bradford at present. There are some prominent amateur groups, such as the Bradford Festival Chorus. Frederick Albert Theodore Delius CH (January 29, 1862, – June 10, 1934) was an English composer born in Bradford in the West Riding of Yorkshire in the north of England. ...


The Topic Folk Club has been in existence since 1956, though it has changed the pub it meets in every few years. It currently meets in the Cock and Bottle on Barkerend Road, on Thursday nights.


Jazz at The Priestley is a long-running series of jazz evenings in the Cellar Bar of The Priestley on Friday nights. The Priestley is a 294 seat proscenium arch theatre with circle and stall seating. ...


Boar's Head Morris Men were a (mainly Cotswold) morris side in Bradford from the early 1970s until 2006. Persephone Ladies Morris are still active, as are Rainbow Morris in Shipley, and clog side Clogaire. Cotswold morris with handkerchiefs A morris dance is a form of English folk dance usually accompanied with music. ... Shipley is a town in the county of West Yorkshire, England, by the River Aire and the Leeds and Liverpool Canal, north of Bradford and close to Saltaire. ...


Mono is a monthly rock fanzine published in Bradford, covering the local alternative/independent rock music scene. Monos logo mono is an underground Bradford music fanzine whose remit is alternative/independent Rock. ... A fanzine (see also: zine) is a nonprofessional publication produced by fans of a particular cultural phenomenon (such as a literary or musical genre) for the pleasure of others who share their interest. ...


Bradford Music Week will take place in and around central Bradford between Mon 26th and Sat 31st May 2008. The event will feature seminars, exhibitions, workshops, films, special events and activities. There will be concerts from national breaking bands and also importantly opportunities for local artists to play in everything from small acoustic performances to full blown gigs at various venues in and around the city centre.


Cinema

The National Media Museum celebrates cinema and movies. It contains an Imax cinema, the Cubby Broccoli Cinema, and the Pictureville Cinema - described by David Puttnam as the best cinema in Britain [23]. The museum has a rich and varied programme of films from around the world. IMAX theatre at the Melbourne Museum complex, Australia BFI London IMAX by night LHemisferic (Ciutat de les Arts i les Ciències) Valencia, Spain IMAX (short for Image Maximum) is a film format created by Canadas IMAX Corporation that has the capacity to display images of far greater... Albert Romolo Broccoli (April 5, 1909–June 27, 1996) known to millions of movie fans as Cubby Broccoli (a nickname used by a cousin), produced more than forty movies, but will be remembered by most for his contribution to one of the most successful film franchises in history, James Bond. ...


Traditional cinemas have been replaced by new entertainment complexes with multi-screen cinemas: Cineworld at the Leisure Exchange in the city centre, and another (a new Odeon) at Thornbury, on the outskirts of Bradford, to replace the old Odeon next to the Alhambra, which was the recent focus of protests by Bradfordians who didn't wish to see this building close. A typical megaplex (AMC Ontario Mills 30 in Ontario, California). ... Thornbury is a village in West Yorkshire, England is east of the city of Bradford. ...


The University of Bradford also has a cinema run by the Student's Union. The Bradford Student Cinema operates from the University's Great Hall. The Bradford Student Cinema is a film society operating as part of the University of Bradfords Student Union. ...


Bradford is bidding to become a UNESCO City of Film.


Nightlife

Since around 2000, several clubs and theme pubs have opened in the West End of Bradford, around the Alhambra Theatre, turning what was previously a fairly quiet area into one that is often crowded and raucous at night. An amusingly named pub (the Old New Inn) at Bourton-on-the-Water, in the Cotswold Hills of South West England A pub in the Haymarket area of Edinburgh, Scotland A public house, usually known as a pub, is a drinking establishment found mainly in the United Kingdom, Ireland, Canada... The Bradford Alhambra is a theatre in Bradford, West Yorkshire. ...


A myriad of Indian and Pakistani restaurants cater for the most discerning curry tastes.


Hotels

Bradford has a number of architecturally historic hotels that date back to the establishment of the two railway lines into the city centre, back in Victorian times. The Victoria Hotel and the Midland Hotel were built to accommodate business travellers to the city from Scotland, the Midlands, and London, arriving at Forster Square and Bradford Victoria station (later to become Bradford Interchange, during the height of the woollen trade. This article is about the built environment. ... The Victorian era of the United Kingdom marked the height of the British Industrial Revolution and the apex of the British Empire. ... LMS Fairburn 2-6-4T 42072 at Bradford Exchange, 1966/7 Bradford Interchange railway station is one of two railway stations in Bradford, West Yorkshire. ...


Parks and countryside

Within the city district there are 37 parks and gardens. Lister Park with its boating lake and Mughal Water Gardens, was voted Britain's Best Park for 2006[24]. Peel Park is the venue for the annual Mela — a celebration of eastern culture. And Bowling Park is the site where the annual Bradford Carnival takes place, celebrating local African and Caribbean culture. Lister Park (also known as Manningham Park) is a picturesque public park in Manningham, about a mile outside the city centre of Bradford, West Yorkshire, England. ...


Beauty spot Chellow Dene has two Victorian reservoirs set in pleasant woodland. To the west and north of Bradford are picturesque and atmospheric moorlands: the famous Ilkley Moor and moors above Haworth known internationally for its connection with the Brontë sisters. The Ashokan Reservoir, located in Ulster County, New York, USA. It is one of 19 that supplies New York City with drinking water. ... Ilkley Moor is a part of Rombalds Moor, the moorland between Ilkley and Keighley in West Yorkshire, United Kingdom. ... Haworth, Main Street Haworth, Main Street For alternate meanings see Haworth (disambiguation) Haworth is a small village and tourist attraction, in the English county of West Yorkshire, best known for its association with the Brontë sisters. ... Brontë - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ...


Sport

Bradford has a long and proud history in sport, especially rugby league, football and cricket.


The city has a long rugby tradition, and Bradford Bulls (formerly Bradford Northern) are one of the most successful rugby league clubs in the world, winning the World Club Championship three times since 2002 and also seven times winners of the Rugby League Championship. The home of the Bulls is Grattan Stadium, Odsal (formerly Odsal Stadium) in the south of the city. The city is also home to a number of Rugby Union clubs - Bradford and Bingley RFC (The Bees) are based to the north of the city in Bingley; Bradford Salem are based in the Heaton area and Wibsey RFC can be found in that district to the south of the city centre. Official website www. ... Honours World Club Challenge: 2002, 2004 (2 times) Championship (including Super League): 1903-04, 1979-80, 1980-81, 1997, 2001, 2003 (6 times) Challenge Cup : 1905-06, 1943-44, 1946-47, 1948-49, 2000, 2003 (6 times) Premiership: 1977-78 Yorkshire Cup: 1906-07, 1940-41, 1941-42, 1943-44... Rugby league football is a full-contact team sport played with a prolate spheroid-shaped ball by two teams of thirteen on a rectangular grass field. ... The Rugby League Championship was the major professional competition organised by the Rugby Football League in Great Britain. ... Odsal Stadium is a stadium situated in Bradford in the northern English county of West Yorkshire. ...


Football also has a rich heritage in Bradford. Bradford (Park Avenue) and Bradford City are the two football teams within the city and are both passionately supported. The two teams regularly competed in league football until Park Avenue left the league in 1974. On May 11, 1985, 56 people were killed at a fire at Valley Parade, home of Bradford City. Centenary Square now contains a monument to the Bradford City disaster. The fire led to new legislation to increase safety in all the UK's sports grounds. The Valley Parade name has recently been officially changed to the Coral Windows Stadium, who took over from Intersonic who were the stadium sponsor for just seven games, in which Bradford did not win a single game. Soccer redirects here. ... Bradford Association Football Club (almost always referred to as Bradford Park Avenue) are a football club based in Bradford, West Yorkshire, England. ... Bradford City Association Football Club (also known as The Bantams, and previously The Paraders or The Citizens) are an English football club based in Bradford, Yorkshire, playing in League Two. ... The Bradford derby is a football derby match played between Bradford City and Bradford Park Avenue. ... The Football League is a league competition featuring professional football clubs from England and Wales, and is the oldest such competition in world football. ... is the 131st day of the year (132nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... Valley Parade, currently known under a naming-rights contract as the Intersonic Stadium (previously the Bradford & Bingley Stadium), is the home stadium of Bradford City football club in the built up area of Manningham, in Bradford, West Yorkshire, England. ... Bradford City Association Football Club (also known as The Bantams, and previously The Paraders or The Citizens) are an English football club based in Bradford, Yorkshire, playing in League Two. ... ... Valley Parade, currently known under a naming-rights contract as the Intersonic Stadium (previously the Bradford & Bingley Stadium), is the home stadium of Bradford City football club in the built up area of Manningham, in Bradford, West Yorkshire, England. ...


Bradford was also home to the now-defunct Bradford Dukes speedway team, which raced at Odsal. Speedway was staged a Greenfields Stadium in the pioneer days, when it was known as the Autodrome, and it was used for a couple of seasons in the early 1960s. Odsal opened its doors soon after the war in Europe ended in 1945 and continued in the late 1950s. It entered a team in the 1960 Provincial League then fell dormant until the 1970s when it re-opened and ran for many years. The track staged a number of big meetings including Speedway World Finals. The Bradford Dukes operated from 1986 until their closure in 1997. ... Motorcycle speedway, normally referred to as Speedway, is a motorcycle sport that involves usually 4 and sometimes up to 6 riders competing over 4 laps of an oval circuit. ...


The Richard Dunn Sports Centre is just across the road from Grattan Stadium, Odsal. The sports facilities at the university are also open to the public at certain times. Richard Dunn (born January 19th 1945) is an English boxer who unsuccessfully fought Muhammad Ali for the world heavyweight title in 1976. ... Odsal Stadium is a stadium situated in Bradford in the northern English county of West Yorkshire. ...


Local media

Newspapers

The Telegraph and Argus is Bradford's daily evening newspaper, published six days each week from Monday to Saturday. It is known locally as the "T&A". The Telegraph and Argus is the local evening newspaper for Bradford, England. ...


Radio

Bradford was one of the first areas of the UK to get a local commercial radio station Pennine Radio in September 1975. Today this is The Pulse of West Yorkshire and Pulse Classic Gold. As of 2006 Bradford Community Broadcasting based in the city centre has broadcast on full-time Community Radio license around Bradford and the Aire Valley. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Pulse is an Independent Local Radio station broadcasting from Bradford. ... Pulse Classic Gold See also Classic Gold The Pulse of West Yorkshire Categories: Station stubs | UK Radio Stations ...


Religion

The city of Bradford and surrounding districts are home to a wealth of places of worship that contribute to the region's cultural heritage. These include Sikh and Hindu temples, Jewish synagogues and Buddhist centres, but mostly Christian churches and Muslim mosques. Due to there being significant Pakistani (and to a lesser extent, Bangladeshi) populations throughout the city, Islam is a prominent religion, particularly in inner city areas such as Manningham and Girlington. As well as there being a significant Muslim population in the city, there are also many immigrants from India which contribute to both the Sikh and Hindu populations in Bradford. The area of Leeds Road probably has the largest Sikh population in the city, which can be seen from the several Gurdwaras in the area. Furthermore there is also a small Jewish population, despite the fact that over the years many of them have tended to leave Bradford, preferring various parts of Leeds instead, particularly the area of Alwoodley and Moortown. However several synagogues can still be found in the city, such as the one in Manningham. The City of Bradford Metropolitan District is a metropolitan borough of West Yorkshire with city status. ... Districts are a form of local government in several countries. ... Cultural heritage (national heritage or just heritage) is the legacy of physical artifacts and intangible attributes of a group or society that are inherited from past generations, maintained in the present and bestowed for the benefit of future generations. ... Gurdwara Sri Guru Singh Sabha, Southall, UK. A Gurdwara (Punjabi: ਗੁਰਦੁਆਰਾ or ਗੁਰਦਵਾਰਾ, often incorrectly called a Gurudwara), meaning the doorway to God, is the Sikh place of worship and may be referred to as a Sikh Temple. ... The Gopuram of temples, in south India, are adorned with icons depicting a particular story surrounding the temples deity. ... A synagogue (from , transliterated synagogÄ“, assembly; beit knesset, house of assembly; or beit tefila, house of prayer, shul; , esnoga) is a Jewish house of worship. ... A statue of the Sakyamuni Buddha in Tawang Gompa, India. ... For the architectural structure, see Church (building). ... The Masjid al-Haram in Mecca as it exists today A mosque is a place of worship for followers of the Islamic faith. ... The Peoples Republic of Bangladesh (Bangla: গনপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলােদশ) is a country in South Asia that forms the eastern part of the ancient region of Bengal. ... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... The City of Manningham is a Local Government Area in Victoria, Australia. ... There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ... Religions Sikhism Scriptures Guru Granth Sahib Languages English, Punjabi] A Sikh (English: or ; Punjabi: , , IPA: ) is an adherent to Sikhism. ... This article discusses the adherents of Hinduism. ... Former home ground of Huddersfield Town A.F.C. from 1908 to 1994 Home of Huddersfield Giants rugby league club from 1992-1994 This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Religions Sikhism Scriptures Guru Granth Sahib Languages English, Punjabi] A Sikh (English: or ; Punjabi: , , IPA: ) is an adherent to Sikhism. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The word Jew ( Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination of these attributes. ... For other uses, see Leeds (disambiguation) and Leeds City (disambiguation). ... Alwoodley is a suburb of Leeds, West Yorkshire, England. ... Moortown is a suburb in north Leeds, which can be accessed from Harrogate Road or the ring road. ... A synagogue (from Greek synagoge place of assembly literally meeting, assembly,) is a Jewish house of prayer and study. ... The City of Manningham is a Local Government Area in Victoria, Australia. ...


The district has a tradition of nonconformity which is reflected in the number of chapels erected by Congregationalists, Baptists, Methodists etc. The city was a major centre of the House Church movement in the 1980s, and the Christian charity Christians Against Poverty was founded in the city. Two carved stones, probably parts of a Saxon preaching cross, were found on the site of Bradford Cathedral. They indicate that Christians may have worshipped here since Paulinus of York came to the north of England in AD 627 on a mission to convert Northumbria. He preached in Dewsbury and it was from there that Bradford was first evangelised. The vicars of Bradford later paid dues to that parish. Nonconformism is the refusal to conform to common standards, conventions, rules, traditions or laws. ... For other uses, see House church (disambiguation). ... Christians Against Poverty (CAP) is a Christian charity in the United Kingdom founded in Bradford, West Yorkshire by John Kirkby in 1996. ... For other uses, see Anglo-Saxon. ... Saint Paulinus, (?-October 10, 644), was the first bishop of York. ... Since the Lausanne Congress of 1974, a widely-accepted definition of a Christian mission has been to form a viable indigenous church-planting movement. ... Dewsbury is a town in the county of West Yorkshire, England, to the west of Wakefield, in the borough of Kirklees. ... A parish is a type of administrative subdivision. ...


Religious buildings

Bradford Cathedral

Main article: Bradford Cathedral

The most prominent Christian church in Bradford, is Bradford Cathedral, originally the Parish Church of St Peter. The parish of Bradford was in existence by 1283, and there was a stone church on the shelf above Bradford Beck by 1327. The east end of the cathedral The interior The Altar Bradford Cathedral (Grid reference SE166333) is situated in the heart of Bradford town centre in Yorkshire, England, on a site used for Christian worship since 8th century. ... The east end of the cathedral The interior The Altar Bradford Cathedral (Grid reference SE166333) is situated in the heart of Bradford town centre in Yorkshire, England, on a site used for Christian worship since 8th century. ... A parish church is the church which acts as the religious centre of a parish, the basic administrative unit of episcopal churches. ...


The Diocese of Bradford was created from part of the Diocese of Ripon in 1919, and the church became a cathedral at that time. The Diocese of Bradford is a Church of England diocese, covering Bradford and Craven in Yorkshire, England. ... The Diocese of Ripon and Leeds is an administrative division of the Church of England, part of the Province of York. ...


Mosques

Since the 1960s Bradford has had a significant Muslim population, and accordingly there are many mosques throughout the city. Some were converted from churches or other buildings, but there are several purpose-built mosques as well. The largest of these mosques is probably Hanfia Masjid in the majority Muslim area of Manningham. There is ongoing construction of a mosque and college in the area of Horton Grange, for Islamic courses. There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ... A mosque is a place of worship for followers of the Islamic faith. ... There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ... The City of Manningham is a Local Government Area in Victoria, Australia. ...


Hindu temples

There are two Hindu temples, the Hindu Cultural Society of Bradford on Leeds Road and the Hindu Temple & Community Centre on Thornton Lane [25].


Sikh temples

There is a prominent Sikh community in Bradford, with six gurdwaras (Sikh place of worship) around the city. The Sikh festival of Vaisakhi (Baisakhi) is also celebrated on April 14 every year, this sees Sikhs from Bradford and the surrounding area travel to each of the gurdwaras in the city in a procession called a nagar kirtan. There are three gurdwaras in the Leeds Road area of Bradford alone, Gobind Singh Gurdwara, on Gobind Marg, being the largest of these. There is a Ramgharia Gurdwara on Bolton Road and Guru Nanak Gurdwara is on Wakefield Road. Religions Sikhism Scriptures Guru Granth Sahib Languages English, Punjabi] A Sikh (English: or ; Punjabi: , , IPA: ) is an adherent to Sikhism. ... The Harimandir Sahib. ... The Khanda Vaisakhi (Punjabi: , , also known as Baisakhi) is a long established harvest festival in Punjab that also has religious significance for both Sikhs[1] and Hindus. ... is the 104th day of the year (105th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Synagogues

The Jewish community in Bradford was strong in the middle to late 19th century, and there is a 19th century Reform synagogue in Bowland Street in the Manningham area. This, "The oldest Reform synagogue outside London",[3] was established by German Jews who had moved to Bradford for the wool trade. According to historian Shatman Kadish, "The city of Bradford was unique in that it boasted a Reform synagogue before it acquired an Orthodox one".[4] The word Jew ( Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination of these attributes. ... Reform Judaism can refer to (1) the largest denomination of American Jews and its sibling movements in other countries, (2) a branch of Judaism in the United Kingdom, and (3) the historical predecessor of the American movement that originated in 19th-century Germany. ... A synagogue (from , transliterated synagogÄ“, assembly; beit knesset, house of assembly; or beit tefila, house of prayer, shul; , esnoga) is a Jewish house of worship. ... Manningham is an area of Bradford, West Yorkshire, England, approximately a mile north of the city centre and is seen as the centre of the citys south Asian population. ...


Originating in Bradford

Wm Morrison Supermarkets For other uses, see Morrison. ...


The birthplace of rock bands New Model Army, Anti System, Smokie (Smokey), Dead Eye Decline, Southern Death Cult/The Cult, The Scene, One Minute Silence, Terrorvision, Morbid Humour, Violation, and Asian hip hop group Fun-Da-Mental. New Model Army are an English rock band. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... Smokie is an English glam rock band from Bradford who found success in Europe in the 1970s. ... Southern Death Cult was a gothic rock band in the early 1980s. ... The Cult are an English rock band, who appeared in their earliest form in Bradford during 1981. ... The Scene is a term used by people belonging to various communities like the Demoscene, Artscene, Software cracker community, Reverse engineering community as well as the wider warez community, to describe the greater community they collectively belong to. ... One Minute Silence were a four-piece band that combined influences from metal, hardcore punk and rap. ... This article refers to the band. ... Hip hop music is a style of music which came into existence in the United States during the mid-1970s, and became a large part of modern pop culture during the 1980s. ... Fun-Da-Mental is a radical, multi-ethnic, British, Islamic world fusion and ethno techno band formed in 1991. ...


The people in this list were either born or brought up in Bradford (not necessarily both), or had a significant connection with the city later in life. Those marked with an asterisk ('*') are described in Lister, 2004.[26]


Notable Bradfordians

Only a few particularly notable names are listed here. See Category:People from Bradford for a fuller list

Sir Edward Victor Appleton (September 6, 1892 – April 21, 1965) was an English physicist. ... Relationship of the atmosphere and ionosphere The ionosphere is the uppermost part of the atmosphere, distinguished because it is ionized by solar radiation. ... The Nobel Prize (Swedish: ) was established in Alfred Nobels will in 1895, and it was first awarded in Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature, and Peace in 1901. ... The Brontë sisters, painted by their brother, Branwell c. ... Anne Brontës grave at Scarborough Anne Brontë (IPA: ) (January 17, 1820 – May 28, 1849) was a British novelist and poet, the youngest of the Brontë literary family. ... Emily Jane Brontë (July 30, 1818 – December 19, 1848) was a British novelist and poet, now best remembered for her only novel Wuthering Heights, a classic of English literature. ... Charlotte Brontë (IPA: ) (April 21, 1816 – March 31, 1855) was an English novelist and the eldest of the three Brontë sisters whose novels have become enduring classics of English literature. ... Thornton village lies to the west of Bradford, into which it was incorporated around 1899, but was mentioned in the Domesday Book of the 11th Century, when it had been laid waste by William the Conquerors harrying of the north, punishment for an uprising against the Norman invaders of... Haworth, Main Street Haworth, Main Street For alternate meanings see Haworth (disambiguation) Haworth is a small village and tourist attraction, in the English county of West Yorkshire, best known for its association with the Brontë sisters. ... Frederick Albert Theodore Delius CH (January 29, 1862, – June 10, 1934) was an English composer born in Bradford in the West Riding of Yorkshire in the north of England. ... William Edward Forster in 1851 William Edward Forster (July 11, 1818 - April 6, 1886), British statesman, was born of Quaker parents at Bradpole in Dorsetshire. ... We Two Boys Together Clinging, 1961. ... Samuel Cunliffe Lister, 1st Baron of Masham (1815 – 1906) was a British inventor and industrialist, born in Calverley Hall, near Bradford. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Business magnate. ... For other uses, see Inventor (disambiguation). ... Richard Oastler (1789 - 1861) was an English labor reformer. ... John Boynton Priestley, OM (born 13 September 1894, Bradford, West Riding of Yorkshire, died 14 August 1984, Warwickshire) was an English writer and broadcaster . ... John Richard Whiteley, OBE DL (28 December 1943 – 26 June 2005) was an English television presenter and journalist. ...

Transport

In past centuries Bradford's location in Bradfordale made communications difficult, except from the north. Nonetheless, Bradford is now well-served by transport systems.


Roads

Bradford was first connected to the developing turnpike network in 1734, when the first Yorkshire turnpike was built between Manchester and Leeds via Halifax and Bradford. In 1740, the Selby to Halifax road was constructed through Leeds and Bradford. Several more local and long-distance roads were built through the rest of the century. A toll road, turnpike or tollpike is a road on which a toll authority collects a fee for use. ... Yorkshire is a historic county of northern England. ... This article is about the City of Manchester in England. ... For other uses, see Leeds (disambiguation) and Leeds City (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Halifax. ... , Selby is a town in North Yorkshire, England. ... For other uses, see Halifax. ... For other uses, see Leeds (disambiguation) and Leeds City (disambiguation). ...


Today Bradford lies on several trunk roads: A63(T) trunk road A trunk road, trunk highway, or strategic road is a major road—usually connecting one or more cities, ports, airports, etc. ...

The M606, a spur off the M62 motorway, connects Bradford with the national motorway network. Although it was originally planned to go directly into the city centre, this has never been built and is unlikely now ever to be, as a hotel has been built across the proposed route. The numbering zones for A-roads in Great Britain List of A roads beginning with 6 in Great Britain starting east of the A6 & A7 roads and west of the A1. ... For other uses, see Wakefield (disambiguation). ... For the constituency of the same name, see Keighley (UK Parliament constituency). ... The A647 is an A road that begins in Leeds and ends in Halifax. ... For other uses, see Leeds (disambiguation) and Leeds City (disambiguation). ... The numbering zones for A-roads in Great Britain List of A roads beginning with 6 in Great Britain starting east of the A6 & A7 roads and west of the A1. ... , Harrogate is a large town in North Yorkshire, England. ... The numbering zones for A-roads in Great Britain List of A roads beginning with 6 in Great Britain starting east of the A6 & A7 roads and west of the A1. ... For other uses, see Halifax. ... The M606 Bradford Spur motorway leaves the M62 motorway at junction 26, near Cleckheaton, and heads into Bradford, to join the A6177 Bradford Ring Road at an incomplete terminus. ... The M62 motorway is a west-east trans-Pennine motorway in northern England, connecting the cities of Liverpool and Hull. ... Motorway symbol in UK, France and Ireland. ...


Buses and trams

Bradford's tram system was begun by Bradford Corporation in 1882: at first the vehicles were horse-drawn. They were replaced by steam-driven trams in 1883, and by electric ones in 1898. This article refers to public transport vehicles running on rails. ... The City of Bradford Metropolitan District is a metropolitan borough of West Yorkshire with city status. ... Rapid Transit in San Diego: An original 1886 horse-drawn trolley and its driver participate in a parade celebrating the groundbreaking of the Panama-California Exposition Center in 1911. ... // The term steam engine may also refer to an entire railroad steam locomotive. ... For battery powered passenger automobiles, see battery electric vehicle. ...


On 20 June, 1911, Britain's first trolleybus service opened in Bradford, between Laisterdyke and Dudley Hill. It was often known as the trackless, in contradistinction to trams. The last trolleybus service in Bradford - and indeed in Britain - ceased operation on 26 March, 1972. The Bradford Trolleybus Association bought some of Bradford's trolleybuses but later sold them off to private owners most can now be found at the Trolleybus Museum at Sandtoft. is the 171st day of the year (172nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... A trolleybus (also known as trolley bus, trolley coach, trackless trolley, trackless tram or simply trolley) is an electric bus powered by two overhead wires, from which it draws electricity using two trolley poles. ... March 26 is the 85th day of the year (86th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


First Bradford are now the main operator of most routes in Bradford, and are part of the First Group. Some routes that include Manchester Road use guided buses. First Bradford is one of the bus companies serving the area of West Yorkshire, England. ... First Group PLC (LSE: FGP) is a British transport company operating in the United Kingdom, Ireland and North America, with headquarters in Aberdeen, Scotland. ... Adelaide O-Bahn The guide wheel of a guided bus in Mannheim, Germany A Fastway bus in the guided bus lane on Southgate Avenue, Crawley Guided buses are buses steered for part or all of their route by external means, usually on a dedicated track. ...


Canal

The Bradford Canal was a four-mile long spur off the Leeds and Liverpool Canal at Shipley. It was planned and built as part of the original Leeds and Liverpool project, to connect Bradford with the limestone quarries of north Yorkshire, the industrial towns on both sides of the Pennines and the ports on each coast. It opened in 1774, closed in 1866, reopened in 1871, and finally closed in 1922. There are plans to rebuild the canal as a key part of regenerating the city centre (see the main article). The Bradford Canal ran three and half miles through 10 locks from the Leeds and Liverpool Canal to Shipley on the northern edge of Bradford. ... The Leeds and Liverpool Canal is a canal in the north of England running from Liverpool, Merseyside to Leeds, West Yorkshire. ... Shipley is a town in the county of West Yorkshire, England, by the River Aire and the Leeds and Liverpool Canal, north of Bradford and close to Saltaire. ... For other uses, see Limestone (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Quarry (disambiguation). ... North Yorkshire is a non-metropolitan or shire county, located in the Yorkshire and the Humber region of England, and a ceremonial county in that region and also partly in North East England. ... Typical Pennine scenery. ... The Bradford Canal ran three and half miles through 10 locks from the Leeds and Liverpool Canal to Shipley on the northern edge of Bradford. ...


Railways

Entrance to the Bradford Interchange.
Entrance to the Bradford Interchange.

The Leeds and Bradford Railway opened Bradford's first railway station at the bottom of Kirkgate on 1 July 1846. It offered a service via Shipley to Leeds and through Leeds to other centres, including London. The line was soon absorbed by the Midland Railway, and the station was rebuilt in the early 1850s and again, much larger, in 1890. Today it is a smaller railway station dating from 1990, called Forster Square railway station though it is somewhat distant from the site of its predecessors, and from Forster Square itself. Modern electric trains connect directly to Leeds, Ilkley and Skipton. There is currently a 4 times daily National Express East Coast service linking Bradford with London King's Cross. A new company Grand Central Railway is proposing to significantly increase this London connection, with additional fast trains via Doncaster/East Coast Mainline and via Manchester/West Coast Mainline. The Leeds and Bradford Railway (L&BR) was formed in 1843 to bring the railway to Bradford. ... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1846 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Shipley is a town in the county of West Yorkshire, England, by the River Aire and the Leeds and Liverpool Canal, north of Bradford and close to Saltaire. ... For other uses, see Leeds (disambiguation) and Leeds City (disambiguation). ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... This article is about the historical British railway company. ... Bradford Forster Square Station is a railway station in Bradford, West Yorkshire, England. ... Bradford Forster Square railway station is a railway station in Bradford, West Yorkshire, England. ... Leeds City station is the mainline railway station serving the city of Leeds in West Yorkshire, England. ... Ilkley railway station is a railway station in Ilkley, West Yorkshire, England. ... Skipton railway station serves the town of Skipton in North Yorkshire. ... National Express East Coast is the name under which the new train operating company NXEC Trains Ltd has stated it will operate the InterCity East Coast rail franchise, which includes services in England and Scotland. ... Kings Cross station (often spelt Kings Cross on platform signs) is a railway station in the district of the same name in northeast central London. ... Not to be confused with Grand Union Railway or Great Central Railway. ...


The Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway opened its station at Drake Street on 9 May 1850, on its line between Manchester and Leeds. The Great Northern Railway opened a third terminus at Adolphus Street in 1854, serving Leeds and other places on its network, but the station was too far from the centre, and the two companies eventually agreed to build a joint station to replace the L&Y's station at Drake Street. This was Bradford Exchange railway station, opened in 1867[5]: Adolphus Street remained as a goods terminal. The Exchange Station was completely rebuilt in 1880, with ten platforms; but by 1973 it was too large and again was rebuilt on a different site. In 1983 that station was renamed Bradford Interchange when a large bus station was built alongside. Bradford Interchange railway station connects directly to Leeds, to Manchester Victoria and to Blackpool. The Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway (L&YR) was a major British railway company before the 1923 Grouping, although in 1922 it had already entered into a working agreement with the London and North Western Railway. ... is the 129th day of the year (130th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the game, see: 1850 (board game) 1850 (MDCCCL) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday [1] of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... This article is about the City of Manchester in England. ... For other uses, see Leeds (disambiguation) and Leeds City (disambiguation). ... The Great Northern Railway (GNR) was a British railway company, founded by the London & York Railway Act of 1846. ... Terminal Station was also the name of a railway station in Chattanooga, Tennessee; see Chattanooga Choo Choo. ... For other uses, see Leeds (disambiguation) and Leeds City (disambiguation). ... LMS Fairburn 2-6-4T 42072 at Bradford Exchange, 1966/7 Bradford Interchange railway station is one of two railway stations in Bradford, West Yorkshire. ... Leeds City station is the mainline railway station serving the city of Leeds in West Yorkshire, England. ... Manchester Victoria Manchester Victoria railway station is the second of Manchesters mainline railway stations, now being much less important than Manchester Piccadilly station. ... Blackpool North railway station is the terminus of the Blackpool branch line from Preston. ...


Both stations are under the control of the West Yorkshire Metro as part of the Leeds-Bradford Line routes. Metro is the title adopted by the West Yorkshire Passenger Transport Authority and Executive in England, made up of councillors from the five local councils: Bradford, Calderdale, Kirklees, Leeds and Wakefield. ... The Leeds-Bradford line is a railway with two branches, one connecting Leeds with Bradford Forster Square and the other connecting Leeds with Bradford Interchange. ...


From the 1870s, the Great Northern built several suburban railway lines around Bradford: The Great Northern Railway (GNR) was a British railway company, founded by the London & York Railway Act of 1846. ...

These all closed at various times between the 1930s and the 1960s. Shipley and Windhill Station was a railway station in Shipley, West Yorkshire, between 1875 and 1931. ... Keighley railway station serves the town of Keighley in West Yorkshire. ... Halifax railway station serves the town of Halifax, West Yorkshire. ... Low Moor railway station was a station situated between Bradford Interchange and Halifax on the Caldervale Line, located close to Low Moor, an area to the south of Bradford. ... For other uses, see Pudsey (disambiguation). ... Dewsbury railway station serves the town of Dewsbury in West Yorkshire, England. ...


There have been many schemes to build a link between Bradford's main railway terminals, but none has ever come near fruition, and indeed the recent Bradford Masterplan for the city centre regeneration has not addressed this (when asked, the writer of the masterplan admitted to not even considering it)[citation needed]. The main practical difficulty is the great difference in elevation: the Exchange/Interchange station is already at the bottom of a long slope, steep by railway standards, but it is many feet higher than Forster Square Station. Some bus services, such as the MetroConnect services to Leeds Bradford Airport, call at both stations, and a free bus service funded by Bradford Council and Metro is due to be trialled in the near future[6]. LMS Fairburn 2-6-4T 42072 at Bradford Exchange, 1966/7 Bradford Interchange railway station is one of two railway stations in Bradford, West Yorkshire. ... Bradford Forster Square Station is a railway station in Bradford, West Yorkshire, England. ... Leeds Bradford International Airport (IATA airport code: LBA, ICAO airport code: EGNM) is located between the cities of Leeds and Bradford in West Yorkshire, England. ...


Airport

  • The city is served by Leeds Bradford International Airport, 6 miles to the north east of the city. Bradford and Leeds councils jointly opened the airport in 1931 as Yeadon Aerodrome. There has been rapid expansion in recent years and direct flights are now available to over 70 destinations (October 2006). Around 3 million passengers used the airport in 2006. It is the home base of economy Airline Jet2.com, voted Best European Short Haul Airline 2006. In May 2007 the joint councils sold the airport to Bridgepoint Capital for £145.5 m. Bridgepoint announced that a further £70 m would be invested in airport improvements, to boost passenger figures to over 7 million by 2015.[7] The airport has recently announced a new long-haul route to Islamabad using wide-bodied Airbus A310 aircraft, it is hoped this spurs on new routes from the airport.[citation needed]

Leeds Bradford International Airport (IATA: LBA, ICAO: EGNM) is located between the cities of Leeds and Bradford in West Yorkshire, England. ... Jet2. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... For other places called Islamabad, see Islamabad (disambiguation). ... Airbus S.A.S. (pronounced in English, in French, and in German) is an aircraft manufacturing subsidiary of EADS, a European aerospace concern. ...

In popular culture

In the BBC political satire The Amazing Mrs Pritchard, the Prime Minister considers a proposal to move Parliament to Bradford, as it is closer to the geographic centre of the country than London. The Amazing Mrs Pritchard is a television programme produced by Kudos for BBC One. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ...


The Buttershaw area of the city featured in the 1986 film Rita, Sue and Bob Too, in which two 16-year-old girls were involved in a love triangle with a wealthy married man (played by George Costigan). The film was created by Andrea Dunbar, who died four years after it was made. It was initially unpopular with local residents due to its negative image of the area, but has since earned itself a good reputation in the local community as Buttershaw's claim to fame.[citation needed] Rita, Sue and Bob Too is a British film directed by Alan Clarke about two Yorkshire schoolgirls who have a sexual fling with a married man. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Police Constable Andrea Dunbar was a character in the long-running ITV cop-drama The Bill. ...


Bradford features in the 1983 film Monty Python's The Meaning of Life with footage filmed in Lister Park.[8] Monty Pythons The Meaning of Life is a musical film comedy made in 1983 by the Monty Python comedy team. ... Lister Park (also known as Manningham Park) is a picturesque public park in Manningham, about a mile outside the city centre of Bradford, West Yorkshire, England. ...


References

  • ^  Allen, C (2003). Fair justice: the Bradford disturbances, the sentencing and the impact. London: Forum Against Islamophobia and Racism. 
  • ^ Lister, Derek A J (2004). Bradford's Own. Sutton. ISBN 0-7509-3826-9. 
  • ^  Ordnance Survey 1:10,560 County Series Map: Yorkshire Sheet 216. Heritage Cartography. ISBN 1-903004-34-9. . This was surveyed 1847-1850, and published in 1852, though it was reprinted at various dates with certain (unidentified) details updated. The modern edition from Heritage Cartography is 'redrawn' from the original, and titled Bradford 1849, but the railways shown indicate that it is from a printing of at least 1854.
  1. ^ ImplosionWorld.com
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ European Day of Jewish Culture and Heritage, 5 September 2004, leaflet issued by the European Association for the Preservation and Promotion of Jewish Culture and Heritage
  4. ^ Kadish, Sharman (2002). "Constructing Identity: Anglo-Jewry and Synagogue Architecture" (PDF). Architectural History 45: 386-408. SAHGB Publications Limited. ISSN: 0066622X. Retrieved on 2007-04-22. 
  5. ^ Bradford Exchange. Subterranea Britannica. Retrieved on 2008-02-05.
  6. ^ Free bus set to be trialled. Telegraph & Argus (2008-01-30). Retrieved on 2008-02-05.
  7. ^ "Airport sold for £145m to Bridgepoint", Telegraph & Argus. Retrieved on 2008-02-18. 
  8. ^ Monty Python's The Meaning Of Life (1983). 80s Movies Rewind. Retrieved on 2008-03-30.

Sharman Kadish is a contemporary scholar, author, and historian with particular expertise in Jewish British history and with several publications under her name. ... PDF is an abbreviation with several meanings: Portable Document Format Post-doctoral fellowship Probability density function There also is an electronic design automation company named PDF Solutions. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 112th day of the year (113th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 36th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Telegraph & Argus is the local evening newspaper for Bradford, West Yorkshire, England. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 30th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 36th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 49th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 89th day of the year (90th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Bibliography

  • ^  Firth, Gary (1997). A History of Bradford. Phillimore. ISBN 1-86077-057-6. 
  • Wilmott, Elvira (1987). The Ryburn Map of Victorian Bradford. Ryburn. ISBN 1-85331-004-2.  The map itself is a reproduction of the Plan of the Town of Bradford ... revised and corrected to the present time by Dixon & Hindle, 1871.

See also

The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Bradford
  • Bradford Music Week page on MySpace
  • wikitravel.org/bradford
  • Bradfordinfo.com: Facts and figures about the Bradford Metropolitan District
  • MapsAndStats.com: Maps and statistics Bradford Metropolitan District
  • Visit Bradford
  • Bradford local Government page
  • The City of Bradford
  • Concise guide to Bradford

  Results from FactBites:
 
Bradford - definition of Bradford in Encyclopedia (1033 words)
Bradford is the major settlement in the City of Bradford Metropolitan District, in the north of England in the county of West Yorkshire.
Bradford was one of the contenders for 2008 European Capital Of Culture, eventually losing to the city of Liverpool.
Bradford is the birthplace of rock bands Terrorvision and The Mission; techno outfit Unique 3, an important part of the Yorkshire Bleeps and Bass scene of the early 1990s; and Asian hip hop group Fun-Da-Mental.
Bradford - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2483 words)
Bradford was enfranchised as an electoral borough by the Reform Act 1832 and given two MPs.
Bradford was first connected to the developing turnpike network in 1734, when the first Yorkshire turnpike was built between Manchester and Leeds via Halifax and Bradford.
Bradford's tram system was begun by Bradford Corporation in 1882: at first the vehicles were horse-drawn, but they were replaced by steam-driven trams in 1883, and by electric ones in 1898.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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