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Encyclopedia > Boxing Day
Boxing Day
Boxing Day
Queue for Boxing Day sale outside a Future Shop store in Canada.
Observed by Commonwealth of Nations
Type Commonwealth countries
Date 26 December
Related to St. Stephen's Day

Boxing Day is an old holiday based on the tradition of giving gifts to the less fortunate members of society. Image File history File links Boxing_Day_lineup. ... Future Shop is a Canadian electronics retailer operating a total of 122 stores across all of Canadas provinces as of May 2007. ... The Commonwealth of Nations as of 2007 Headquarters Marlborough House, London, UK Official languages English Membership 53 sovereign states Leaders  -  Queen Elizabeth II  -  Secretary-General Kamalesh Sharma Appointed 24 November 2007 Establishment  -  Balfour Declaration 18 November 1926   -  Statute of Westminster 11 December 1931   -  London Declaration 28 April 1949  Area  -  Total... is the 360th day of the year (361st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... St Stephens Day, or the Feast of St Stephen, is a Christian saints day celebrated on 26 December in the Western Church and 27 December in the Eastern Church. ...


It is usually celebrated on 26 December, the day after Christmas Day;[1][2], but its associated public holiday can move to the next weekday if 26 December is a Saturday or Sunday. The movement of Boxing Day varies between countries. is the 360th day of the year (361st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Joseph and Mary with baby Jesus, at the first Christmas Christmas (literally, the Mass of Christ) is a holiday in the Christian calendar, usually observed on December 25, which celebrates the birth of Jesus. ... is the 360th day of the year (361st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


The public holiday is recognized in the United Kingdom, Canada, New Zealand and Australia, as well as many other members of the Commonwealth of Nations. The Commonwealth of Nations as of 2007 Headquarters Marlborough House, London, UK Official languages English Membership 53 sovereign states Leaders  -  Queen Elizabeth II  -  Secretary-General Kamalesh Sharma Appointed 24 November 2007 Establishment  -  Balfour Declaration 18 November 1926   -  Statute of Westminster 11 December 1931   -  London Declaration 28 April 1949  Area  -  Total...

Contents

Origins

Boxing Day is a traditional celebration dating back to the Middle Ages, of which the primary practice is the giving of gifts to employees or to people in a lower social class. The name has numerous folk etymologies[3]. The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... Social class refers to the hierarchical distinctions between individuals or groups in societies or cultures. ... Folk etymology is a term used in two distinct ways: A commonly held misunderstanding of the origin of a particular word, a false etymology. ...


Christmas box

A Christmas box is, in English tradition, a clay box used in artisan shops. Apprentices, masters, visitors, customers, and others would put donations of money into the box, like a piggy bank, and then, after Christmas, the box would be shattered and all the contents shared among the workers of the shop. Thus, masters and customers could donate bonuses to the workers anonymously, and the employees could average their wages. The habit of breaking the Christmas box lent its name to Boxing Day. The term "Christmas box" now refers generally to a gift or pay bonus given to workers.[4] For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... Terra cotta is a hard semifired waterproof ceramic clay used in pottery and building construction. ... An artisan, also called a craftsman,[1] is a skilled manual worker who uses tools and machinery in a particular craft. ... Majapahit terracotta piggy bank, 14-15 century AD Trowulan, East Java. ... For other uses, see Christmas (disambiguation). ... Anonymous redirects here. ...


The Oxford English Dictionary attributes it to the Christmas box; the verb box meaning: "To give a Christmas-box (colloq.); hence the term boxing-day." The date coincides with the Feast of St. Stephen. The Oxford English Dictionary print set The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) is a dictionary published by the Oxford University Press (OUP), and is the most successful dictionary of the English language, (not to be confused with the one-volume Oxford Dictionary of English, formerly New Oxford Dictionary of English, of... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ...

  • It was the day when people would give a present or Christmas box to those who had worked for them throughout the year.
  • In England many years ago, it was common practice for the servants to carry boxes to their employers when they arrived for their day's work on the day after Christmas. Their employers would then put coins in the boxes as special end-of-year gifts. This can be compared with the modern day concept of Christmas bonuses. The servants carried boxes for the coins, hence the name Boxing Day.

For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ...

Folk etymologies

  • In feudal times, Christmas was a reason for a gathering of extended families. All the serfs would gather their families in the manor of their lord, which made it easier for the lord of the estate to hand out annual stipends to the serfs. On 26th December, after all the Christmas parties, the lord of the manor would give practical goods such as cloth, grains, and tools to the serfs who lived on his land. Each family would receive a box full of such goods, hence "Boxing Day. " According to this tradition, the lord of the manor did not volunteer, but was obliged to supply these gifts.
  • In churches, it was traditional to open the church's donation box on Christmas Day, and the money inside was to be distributed to the poorer or lower class citizens on the next day. In this case, the "box" in "Boxing Day" comes from that lockbox in which the donations were left.
  • Boxing Day was the day when the wren, the king of birds,[5] was captured and put in a box and introduced to each household in the village when he would be asked for a successful year and a good harvest. See Frazer's Golden Bough.
    • Evidence can also be found in Wassail songs such as:
Where are you going ? said Milder to Malder,
Oh where are you going ? said Fessel to Foe,
I'm going to hunt the cutty wren said Milder to Malder,
I'm going to hunt the cutty wren said John the Rednose.
And what will you do wi' it ? said Milder to Malder,
And what will you do wi' it ? said Fessel to Foe,
I'll put it in a box said Milder to Malder,
I'll put it in a box said John the Rednose.
  • Because the staff had to work on such an important day as Christmas by serving the master of the house and his family, they were given the following day off. As servants were kept away from their own families to work on a traditional religious holiday and were not able to celebrate Christmas dinner, the customary benefit was to "box" up the leftover food from Christmas Day and send it away with the servants and their families.

Roland pledges his fealty to Charlemagne; from a manuscript of a chanson de geste Feudalism, a term first used in the early modern period (17th century), in its most classic sense refers to a Medieval European political system comprised of a set of reciprocal legal and military obligations among the... Serf redirects here. ... (Redirected from 26th December) December 26 is the 360th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, 361st in leap years. ... Genera Donacobius Campylorhynchus Odontorchilus Salpinctes Catherpes Hylorchilus Cinnycerthia Thryomanes Ferminia Troglodytes Cistothorus Uropsila Thryorchilus Thryothorus Henicorhina Microcerculus Cyphorhinus Wren (Troglodytes troglodytes) Stamp FR 345 of Postverk Føroya, Faroe Islands Issued: 22 February 1999 Artist: Astrid Andreasen The true wrens are members of a mainly New World passerine bird family... The Golden Bough: A Study in Magic and Religion is a wide-ranging comparative study of mythology and religion, written by Scottish anthropologist Sir James George Frazer (1854–1941). ... Wassail is a hot, spiced punch often associated with winter celebrations of northern Europe, usually those connected with holidays such as Christmas, New Years and Twelfth Night. ...

Date

26 December is commonly referred to as Boxing Day no matter what day of the week it occurs.[6] However, in some countries, fixed-date holidays falling on Saturday or Sunday are often observed on the next weekday. is the 360th day of the year (361st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


If Boxing Day falls on a Saturday, then Monday 28 December is declared a public holiday. In the UK and some other countries this is accomplished by Royal Proclamation. is the 362nd day of the year (363rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... A proclamation (Lat. ...


If Boxing Day falls on a Sunday, then in countries where it is a public holiday the Statutory Holiday is moved to Monday 27 December.[7][8][9] In that event, Christmas Day would be on a Saturday, so Tuesday 28 December would be declared a holiday in lieu, that being the next available working day - thus the Boxing Day holiday occurs before the substitute Christmas holiday. The word holiday has related but different meanings in English-speaking countries, with the exception of the United States where usage differs greatly. ... In Canada, a Statutory Holiday (also known as general or public holiday) is a holiday legislated either through the federal, provincial or territorial governments. ... December 27 is the 361st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (362nd in leap years). ... is the 362nd day of the year (363rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


If Christmas Day falls on a Sunday, then Boxing Day is on Monday 26 December, and no Royal Proclamation is required. In such a circumstance, a 'substitute bank holiday in lieu of Christmas Day' is declared for Tuesday 27 December; again with the Boxing Day holiday occurring before the substitute Christmas holiday. is the 360th day of the year (361st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... A proclamation (Lat. ... December 27 is the 361st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (362nd in leap years). ...


Although the same legislation—the Bank Holidays Act 1871—originally established the Bank Holidays throughout the British Isles, the holiday after Christmas was defined as Boxing Day in England and Wales and St. Stephen's Day for Ireland. St. Stephen's Day is fixed as the 26 December.[10] The Bank Holidays Act 1871 established the first Bank Holidays in the United Kingdom. ... This article describes the archipelago in north-western Europe. ... St Stephens Day, or the Feast of St Stephen, is a Christian saints day celebrated on 26 December in the Western Church and 27 December in the Eastern Church. ... is the 360th day of the year (361st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


While Boxing Day is actually on 26 December, many retailers who hold Boxing Day Sales will run the sales for several days after 26 December - often up to New Year's Eve. For other articles with similar names, see New Year (disambiguation). ...


Observance by country

Boxing Day is a holiday of particularly British origin, but in many other countries worldwide, 26 December is also a holiday under various names. St. Stephen's Day also falls on 26 December in the Western Church. is the 360th day of the year (361st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... St Stephens Day, or the Feast of St Stephen, is a Christian saints day celebrated on 26 December in the Western Church and 27 December in the Eastern Church. ... The term Great Schism refers to either of two splits in the history of Christianity: Most commonly, it refers to the great East-West Schism, the event that separated Eastern Orthodoxy and Western Roman Catholicism in the eleventh century (1054). ...


Australia and New Zealand

Boxing Day is a day when stores launch one of the year's biggest sales. Boxing Day has become so important for retailers that they often extend it to New Year's Eve. Some Australian states—including New South Wales—are tightening restrictions on Boxing Day retail trading [2], deferring the post-Christmas sales to 27 December. For other articles with similar names, see New Year (disambiguation). ... NSW redirects here. ... December 27 is the 361st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (362nd in leap years). ...


Boxing Day is not officially observed in South Australia; instead a public holiday called Proclamation Day is observed on what would have been the next working day after Christmas.[11] However, it is still referred to as Boxing Day. For the song, see South Australia (song). ... Proclamation Day is the South Australian public holiday that celebrates the proclamation of South Australia as a British colony. ...


In Australia, Boxing Day has become a significant sporting day (similar to ANZAC Day celebrations). In Melbourne the Boxing Day Test Match is played at the Melbourne Cricket Ground, often before the largest single day crowd of the Australian cricket season. In Sydney, the Sydney to Hobart Yacht Race starts on Boxing Day. ANZAC Day is commemorated by Australia and New Zealand on 25 April every year to remember members of the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC) who landed at Gallipoli in Turkey during World War I. ANZAC Day is also a public holiday in the Cook Islands, Niue, Samoa and... The Boxing Day Test Match is an annual Boxing Day tradition in Australia involving a cricket Test match between the Australian cricket team and the opposition national team touring Australia that summer. ... “MCG” redirects here. ... Map of the Sydney to Hobart Yacht Race route. ...


Canada

Toronto Eaton Centre, Boxing Day 2007
Toronto Eaton Centre, Boxing Day 2007

In Canada, Boxing Day is observed as a holiday, except in some cases for those in the retail business. Boxing Day and the days immediately following are when many retail stores sell their Christmas and retired model products by holding clearance sales. Some shoppers will line up for hours at night sometimes before midnight and after midnight on December 26 for retailers to open their doors. Except in Quebec, retailers often open their stores earlier than usual, such as 6 am or 7 am. Many retail companies internally refer to the sales week after Christmas as the "thirteenth month" or Boxing Week and over the last couple of years have actually changed the name from the "Boxing Day sale" to the "Boxing Week Sale". It is similar to Black Friday, the day after Thanksgiving, in the United States. Boxing Day 2005 was the single largest economic transaction day ever in the history of Canadian commerce according to Visa. Individual big box stores can even gross over CAD$1,000,000 on one single Boxing Day. is the 360th day of the year (361st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... Black Friday is the day after Thanksgiving and is the beginning of the traditional Christmas shopping season in the United States. ... C$ redirects here. ...


As an exception, most retail stores are not permitted to open on Boxing Day in Atlantic Canada, nor in some Ontario communities. The Nova Scotia government eliminated its ban on Boxing Day openings in 2006; however, most retailers voluntarily remained closed. The ban was reinstated in 2007.[12] In these areas, most stores offer the same specials on December 27 that they would offer elsewhere on the 26th. This distinction is not well known in central and western Canada.[13] HI Eric u suck!!!!!!!!!!!!! from,Trevor and Dalton ... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Official languages English (de facto) Government Lieutenant-Governor David C. Onley Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament House seats 107 Senate seats 24 Confederation July 1, 1867 (1st) Area... Motto: Munit Haec et Altera Vincit (Latin: One defends and the other conquers) Capital Halifax Largest city Halifax Regional Municipality Official languages English (de facto) Government Lieutenant-Governor Mayann E. Francis Premier Rodney MacDonald (PC) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament House seats 11 Senate seats 10 Confederation July 1, 1867...


In Alberta, Boxing Day is not recognized as a statutory holiday. Alberta employment lists Boxing Day along with Easter Monday and Alberta Heritage Day as optional holidays.[14] Employers are not required to give holiday pay or time off but many choose to do so. For other uses, see Alberta (disambiguation). ...


From a sporting perspective, Boxing Day in Canada has many implications. It is usually on Boxing Day when the IIHF begins the World Junior Hockey Championship. This is a significant event for Canada and Hockey Canada which have done extremely well at this particular international event. Boxing Day is also the start of another international hockey tournament: The Spengler Cup. This tournament, usually played in Davos, Switzerland, along with the World Juniors, are aired on the two big sports networks in Canada, TSN and Rogers Sportsnet. Categories: Ice hockey stubs | Ice hockey ... The Ice Hockey World Championships are an annual event put together by the IIHF, the International Ice Hockey Federation, since 1930. ... Hockey Canada is the official national governing body of ice hockey in Canada and is a member of the International Ice Hockey Federation. ... Spengler Cup is an annual ice hockey tournament held in Davos, Switzerland. ... The Sports Network (commonly known as TSN) is a Canadian English language cable television specialty channel and is Canadas leading English language sports television channel. ... “Sportsnet” redirects here. ...


South Africa

In South Africa, Boxing Day is known in the official calendar as Day of Goodwill. It is a day on which food, left over from Christmas Day, is 'boxed', (in picnic baskets, bags, cake tins, etc.) and family and friends head to the beach or any other place of relaxation to enjoy these left-overs. Food is shared and enjoyed together in this way. With the advent of the new political dispensation, this day was changed to 'Day of Goodwill' to symbolise sharing and togetherness. The Day of Goodwill is a South African public holiday celebrated annually on the 26th of December. ...


United Kingdom

It is common to spend the day with family members or friends as a sort of 'second' Christmas Day, where presents may be exchanged, the left-overs of the previous day are eaten or another family meal is prepared in celebration.


Boxing Day is a day when stores launch one of the year's biggest sales periods. Boxing Day has become so important for retailers that they often extend it into a "Boxing Week".


Boxing Day in the UK is traditionally a day for sporting activity, originally fox hunting, but as this is now banned, alternative hunts take place. Football, horse racing and Rugby (both codes) are also played. Boxing Day is also the start of the IIHF World Junior Ice Hockey Championship. A fox hunt Fox hunting is a form of hunting for foxes using a pack of scent hounds. ... Soccer redirects here. ... Horse-racing is an equestrian sporting activity which has been practiced over the centuries; the chariot races of Roman times were an early example, as was the contest of the steeds of the god Odin and the giant Hrungnir in Norse mythology. ... For other uses, see Rugby (disambiguation). ...


List of Boxing Day sporting events:

England national football team playing at Wembley stadium. ... Football in Wales is governed by the Welsh FA, which was set up in 1876. ... Football is the most popular sport in Scotland and is the countrys national sport. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... , Hartlepool () is a North Sea port in North East England. ... For other uses, see Hastings (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Sunderland (disambiguation). ... , For other uses, see Whitby (disambiguation). ... Harbour of Tenby in Nov, 2001 Tenby (Welsh: Dinbych-y-Pysgod, little town of the fishes) is a walled seaside town in Pembrokeshire, West Wales, lying on Carmarthen Bay. ... For other uses, see Cornwall (disambiguation). ... Northern Ireland (Irish: , Ulster Scots: Norlin Airlann) is a constituent country of the United Kingdom lying in the northeast of the island of Ireland, covering 5,459 square miles (14,139 km², about a sixth of the islands total area). ... A sport consists of a physical activity or skill carried out with a recreational purpose: for competition, for self-enjoyment, to attain excellence, for the development of a skill, or some combination of these. ... The Celtic League (also known as the Magners League for sponsorship reasons) is an annual rugby union competition involving regional sides from Ireland, Scotland and Wales. ... This article is about the country. ... This article is about the country. ... Horse-racing is an equestrian sporting activity which has been practiced over the centuries; the chariot races of Roman times were an early example, as was the contest of the steeds of the god Odin and the giant Hrungnir in Norse mythology. ... The King George VI Chase is a United Kingdom National Hunt horse race for five-year-old and above horses run over a distance of 3 miles at Kempton Park Racecourse on Boxing Day. ... Kempton Park Racecourse is a horse racing track in Sunbury-On-Thames, UK; the site is set in 210 acres of land. ... This article is about the English county. ...

References

  1. ^ American Heritage Dictionary, Fourth Edition - 'Boxing Day'
  2. ^ Oxford English
  3. ^ http://www.snopes.com/holidays/christmas/boxing.asp
  4. ^ Havey, Paul. "Christmas-box" in The Oxford Companion to English Literature. London: Oxford University Press, 1967.
  5. ^ A popular medieval tradition, as illustrated by Grimm's Fairy Tales No. 171[1]
  6. ^ BBC Radio 4 schedule, December 26, 2004
  7. ^ Bank Holidays Act 1871 (UK and Republic of Ireland)
  8. ^ Banks and Bank Holidays Act (NSW) 1912 - Fourth Schedule
  9. ^ Holidays Act (Qld) 1983
  10. ^ DTI information on Bank and public holidays in England, Wales, and Northern Ireland. Note that a 'substitute Bank Holiday in lieu of 26 December' is only possible in Northern Ireland, reflecting the legal difference in that St. Stephen's Day does not automatically shift to the Monday in the same way as Boxing Day.
  11. ^ http://www.safework.sa.gov.au/show_page.jsp?id=2483
  12. ^ Nova Scotia backs Liberal bill to ban shopping on Boxing Day, Christmas Day
  13. ^ For instance, on Boxing Day 2006, the Canadian Press moved an article titled "N.S. shoppers out of luck as millions elsewhere in Canada hit Boxing Day sales", which did not note the mandatory closures in the other Atlantic provinces.
  14. ^ General Holidays and General Holiday Pay

Frontispiece of first volume of Grimms Kinder- und Hausmärchen (1812). ... is the 360th day of the year (361st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 360th day of the year (361st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
What is Boxing Day? (378 words)
Another theory is that the boxes placed in churches where parishioners deposited coins for the poor were opened and the contents distributed on December 26, which is also the Feast of St.
Boxing Day is December 26, the day after Christmas, and is celebrated in Great Britain and in most areas settled by the English (the U.S. is the major exception), including Canada, Australia, and New Zealand.
Boxing Day is just one of the British bank holidays recognized since 1871 that are observed by banks, government offices, and the post office.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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