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Encyclopedia > Bowie Kuhn

Bowie Kent Kuhn (born October 28, 1926 in Takoma Park, Maryland) was commissioner of Major League Baseball from February 4, 1969 to September 30, 1984. For almost 20 years, he served as legal counsel for Major League Baseball owners prior to his election as commissioner. Image File history File links Kuhn. ... October 28 is the 301st day of the year (302nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 64 days remaining. ... 1926 (MCMXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Motto: Nickname: Map Political Statistics Founded 1883 Incorporated 1890 Montgomery County Mayor Kathryn H. Porter Geographic Statistics Area  - Total  - Land  - Water 5. ... In 1920, the owners of Major League Baseball, in order to reestablish confidence of fans in the sport following the Black Sox Scandal, established the office of Commissioner of Baseball. ... February 4 is the 35th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 1969 throughout the world. ... September 30 is the 273rd day of the year (274th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 92 days remaining. ... This article is currently under construction // This year in baseball Events January 10 - Luis Aparicio, Don Drysdale and Harmon Killebrew are elected to the Hall of Fame by the Baseball Writers Association of America. ... Major League Baseball (MLB) is the highest level of play in professional baseball in the world. ...

Contents


Early life and career

Long before he worked for Major League Baseball, Kuhn grew up in Washington, D.C. and graduated from Theodore Roosevelt High School. He then attended Franklin and Marshall College in the Naval V-12 Officer Training Program before going to Princeton University in 1945. He graduated from Princeton with honors in 1947 with a Bachelor of Arts degree in Economics. He then received his law degree in 1950 from the University of Virginia where he served on the editorial board of the law review. This article is the current U.S. Collaboration of the Week. ... Theodore Roosevelt, Jr. ... Franklin and Marshall College is a four-year private co-educational liberal arts college in Lancaster, Pennsylvania. ... Princeton University is a coeducational private university located on an extensive campus in and around suburban Princeton, New Jersey. ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1947 calendar). ... 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... Website Virginia. ...


Following his graduation from law school, Kuhn became a member of the New York law firm Willkie, Farr and Gallagher, chosen because it represented the National League. While working in baseball's legal affairs, Kuhn served as a counselor for the National League in a lawsuit brought against it by the City of Milwaukee when the Braves moved to Atlanta. This article refers to the American baseball league. ... Nickname: The City of Festivals, The Brew City, The Cream City, The Nations Watering Hole Official website: http://www. ... Major league affiliations National League (1876-present) East Division (1994-present) West Division (1969-1993) Major league titles World Series titles (3) 1995 â€¢ 1957 â€¢ 1914 NL Pennants (17) 1999 â€¢ 1996 â€¢ 1995 â€¢ 1992 1991 â€¢ 1958 â€¢ 1957 â€¢ 1948 1914 â€¢ 1898 â€¢ 1897 â€¢ 1893 1892 â€¢ 1891 â€¢ 1883 â€¢ 1878 1877 East Division titles (11) 2005...


After the owners forced out William Eckert in 1968, Kuhn seemed like a logical replacement for the job of commissioner. He, unlike Eckert, was very aware of the inner workings of Major League Baseball before taking office. William Dole Eckert (1909 - April 16, 1971) was a lieutenant general in the United States Air Force, and later the commissioner of Major League Baseball from 1965 to 1968. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 1968 throughout the world. ...


Actions as Commissioner

His tenure was marked by labor strikes (most notably in 1981), owner disenchantment, and the end of baseball's reserve clause, yet baseball enjoyed unprecedented attendance (from 23 million in 1968 to 45.5 million in 1983) and television contracts during the same time frame. Kuhn suspended numerous players for drug involvement and barred both Willie Mays (in 1979) and Mickey Mantle (in 1983) from the sport due to their involvement in casino promotion; both were reinstated (by Kuhn's successor Peter Ueberroth) in 1985. The 1981 baseball strike was the fifth work stoppage in Major League Baseball history. ... This article or section contains information that has not been verified and thus might not be reliable. ... This article is currently under construction // This year in baseball Events January 12 - Brooks Robinson and Juan Marichal are elected to the Hall of Fame by the Baseball Writers Association of America. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Willie Howard Mays Jr. ... The following are the events of the year 1979 that happened world-wide throughout the sport of baseball. ... Mickey Mantle on a 1953 cover of Time Magazine Mickey Charles Mantle (October 20, 1931 – August 13, 1995) was an American baseball player who was inducted into to the National Baseball Hall of Fame in 1974. ... Ueberroth (front right) watches President Ronald Reagan throw the first pitch prior to a game. ... This article is currently under construction // This year in baseball Events January 7 - Outfielder Lou Brock and knuckleballer Hoyt Wilhelm are elected to the Hall of Fame by the Baseball Writers Association of America. ...


In 1970, Kuhn described Jim Bouton's Ball Four as "detrimental to baseball" and demanded that Bouton retract it. This article is currently under construction // This year in baseball Events January 16 - Curt Flood, Gold Glove outfielder of the St. ... James Alan Bouton (born March 8, 1939 in Newark, New Jersey) was a Major League Baseball player and author of the controversial baseball book Ball Four, which was a combination diary of his 1969 season and memoir of his years with the New York Yankees. ... James Alan Bouton (born March 8, 1939 in Newark, New Jersey) was a Major League Baseball player and author of the controversial baseball book Ball Four, which was a combination diary of his 1969 season and memoir of his years with the New York Yankees. ...


On October 13, 1971, the World Series held a night game for the very first time. Kuhn, felt that baseball could attract a larger audience by featuring a prime time telecast (as opposed to a mid-afternoon broadcast, when most fans either worked or attended school), pitched the idea to NBC. An estimated 61 million people watched Game 4 on NBC; TV ratings for a World Series game during the daytime hours would not have approached such a record number. October 13 is the 286th day of the year (287th in leap years). ... This article is currently under construction // This year in baseball Events January 31 - The new Special Veterans Committee selects seven men for enshrinement to the Hall of Fame: former players Dave Bancroft, Jake Beckley, Chick Hafey, Harry Hooper, Joe Kelley, Rube Marquard, and executive George Weiss. ... The 1971 World Series matched the defending champion Baltimore Orioles against the Pittsburgh Pirates, with the Pirates winning in seven games. ... Prime time is the block of programming on television during the middle of the evening. ... NBC, the National Broadcasting Company, is an American television and radio network based in New York Citys Rockefeller Center. ... When TV viewers or entertainment professionals in the United States mention ratings they are generally referring to Nielsen Ratings, a system developed by the New York City-based firm Nielsen Media Research to determine which shows television viewers watch at what times. ...

See also: MLB on NBC

MLB logo Major League Baseball on NBC is the de facto name of a TV show, that televises Major League Baseball games on the National Broadcasting Company (NBC) and is produced by NBC Sports. ...

Charles O. Finley

Though he had a reputation as an owners' commissioner, Kuhn did not avoid confronting owners when he deemed it necessary. For example, he was a major adversary of Oakland Athletics owner Charles O. Finley. A major embarrassment for baseball resulted from Finley's actions during the 1973 World Series. Finley forced player Mike Andrews to sign a false affadavit saying he was injured after the reserve infielder committed two consecutive errors in the 12th inning of Oakland's Game 2 loss to the New York Mets. Andrews' teammates as well as manager Dick Williams rallied to his defense. Kuhn in return, forced Finley to reinstate Andrews. In 1976, when Finley attempted to sell several players to the Boston Red Sox and New York Yankees for $3.5 million, Kuhn blocked the deals on the grounds that they would be bad for the game. Major league affiliations American League (1901-present) West Division (1969-present) Major league titles World Series titles (9) 1989 â€¢ 1974 â€¢ 1973 â€¢ 1972 1930 â€¢ 1929 â€¢ 1913 â€¢ 1911 1910 AL Pennants (15) 1990 â€¢ 1989 â€¢ 1988 â€¢ 1974 1973 â€¢ 1972 â€¢ 1931 â€¢ 1930 1929 â€¢ 1914 â€¢ 1913 â€¢ 1911 1910 â€¢ 1905 â€¢ 1902 West Division titles (13) [1... Charles Oscar Finley (February 22, 1918 - February 19, 1996) was an American businessman who enjoyed a tenure as the flamboyant owner of the Oakland Athletics Major League Baseball team. ... The 1973 World Series matched the defending champion Oakland Athletics against the New York Mets, with the As winning in seven games to repeat as World Champions. ... Michael Jay Andrews (born July 9, 1943 in Los Angeles, California) is a former second baseman in Major League Baseball who played for the Boston Red Sox (1966-70), Chicago White Sox (1971-73) and Oakland Athletics (1973). ... Major league affiliations National League (1962-present) East Division (1969-present) Major league titles World Series titles (2) 1986 â€¢ 1969 NL Pennants (4) 2000 â€¢ 1986 â€¢ 1973 â€¢ 1969 East Division titles (4) 1988 â€¢ 1986 â€¢ 1973 â€¢ 1969 Wild card berths (2) 2000 â€¢ 1999 Major league nicknames New York Mets (1962-present) Major... Richard Hirschfeld Williams (born May 7, 1929 in St. ... This article is currently under construction // This year in baseball Events January 14 - Ted Turner completes the purchase of 100 percent of the Atlanta Braves. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901-present) East Division (1969-present) Major league titles World Series titles (6) 2004 â€¢ 1918 â€¢ 1916 â€¢ 1915 1912 â€¢ 1903 AL Pennants (11) 2004 â€¢ 1986 â€¢ 1975 â€¢ 1967 1946 â€¢ 1918 â€¢ 1916 â€¢ 1915 1912 â€¢ 1904 â€¢ 1903 East Division titles (5) 1995 â€¢ 1990 â€¢ 1988 â€¢ 1986 1975 Wild card berths... Major league affiliations American League (1901-present) East Division (1969-present) Major league titles World Series titles (26) 2000 â€¢ 1999 â€¢ 1998 â€¢ 1996 1978 â€¢ 1977 â€¢ 1962 â€¢ 1961 1958 â€¢ 1956 â€¢ 1953 â€¢ 1952 1951 â€¢ 1950 â€¢ 1949 â€¢ 1947 1943 â€¢ 1941 â€¢ 1939 â€¢ 1938 1937 â€¢ 1936 â€¢ 1932 â€¢ 1928 1927 â€¢ 1923 AL Pennants (39) 2003 â€¢ 2001 â€¢ 2000...


Hank Aaron

At the start of the 1974 season, Kuhn inadvertantly got into the middle of a small controversy. It was during Hank Aaron's pursuit of the all-time career home run record. Aaron's Atlanta Braves opened the season on the road in Cincinnati with a three game series against the Cincinnati Reds. Braves management wanted him to break the record at home in Atlanta. Therefore, they were going to have Aaron sit out the first three games of the season. But Kuhn ruled that Aaron had to play two out of three. The end result was that Aaron tied Babe Ruth's record in his very first at bat, but did not hit another home run in the series. This article is currently under construction // This year in baseball Events January 16 - The Baseball Writers Association of America elects former New York Yankees teammates Mickey Mantle and Whitey Ford to the Hall of Fame. ... Henry Louis Hank Aaron (born February 5, 1934 in Mobile, Alabama, United States), is a retired American baseball player and member of the Baseball Hall of Fame. ... Major league affiliations National League (1876-present) East Division (1994-present) West Division (1969-1993) Major league titles World Series titles (3) 1995 â€¢ 1957 â€¢ 1914 NL Pennants (17) 1999 â€¢ 1996 â€¢ 1995 â€¢ 1992 1991 â€¢ 1958 â€¢ 1957 â€¢ 1948 1914 â€¢ 1898 â€¢ 1897 â€¢ 1893 1892 â€¢ 1891 â€¢ 1883 â€¢ 1878 1877 East Division titles (11) 2005... Nickname: The Queen City Official website: http://www. ... Major league affiliations National League (1890-present) Central Division (1994-present) West Division (1969-1993) American Association (1882-1889) Major league titles World Series titles (5) 1990 â€¢ 1976 â€¢ 1975 â€¢ 1940 1919 NL Pennants (9) 1990 â€¢ 1976 â€¢ 1975 â€¢ 1972 1970 â€¢ 1961 â€¢ 1940 â€¢ 1939 1919 AA Pennants (1) 1882 Central Division titles... Nickname: The Horizon City, Hotlanta, The Big Peach, A-Town, The ATL Official website: http://www. ... For the band named Babe Ruth, see Babe Ruth (band). ...


Kuhn's war on drugs

After being in office for over ten years, Bowie Kuhn had grown a strong reputation for being hard on players who abused drugs. Kuhn was quick to punish players who used drugs with heavy fines and suspensions. St. Louis Cardinals catcher Darrell Porter told the Associated Press that during the winter of 1979-1980, he became paranoid, convinced that Kuhn knew about his drug abuse, was trying to sneak into his house, and planned to ban him from baseball for life. Porter found himself sitting up at night in the dark watching out the front window, waiting for Kuhn to approach, clutching billiard balls and a shotgun. Ironically, when Porter was named the most valuable player of the 1982 World Series, Kuhn was on hand to congratulate him. Drug abuse has a wide range of definitions, all of them relating to the use, misuse or overuse of a psychoactive drug or performance enhancing drug for a non-therapeutic or non-medical effect. ... Major league affiliations National League (1892-present) Central Division (1994-present) Eastern Division (1969-1993) American Association (1882-1891) Major league titles World Series titles (9) 1982 â€¢1967 â€¢ 1964 â€¢ 1946 1944 â€¢ 1942 â€¢ 1934 â€¢ 1931 1926 NL Pennants (16) 2004 â€¢ 1987 â€¢ 1985 â€¢ 1982 1968 â€¢ 1967 â€¢ 1964 â€¢ 1946 1944 â€¢ 1943 â€¢ 1942 â€¢ 1934... Darrell Ray Porter (January 17, 1952 – August 5, 2002) was an American catcher in Major League Baseball, and one of the first American professional athletes to publicly admit he had a problem with substance abuse. ... Associated Press logo The Associated Press, or AP, is an American news agency, the worlds largest such organization. ... The following are the events of the year 1979 that happened world-wide throughout the sport of baseball. ... This article is currently under construction // This year in baseball Events January 9 - Al Kaline and Duke Snider are elected to the Hall of Fame by the Baseball Writers Association of America. ... 1982 World Series Logo The 1982 World Series matched the St. ...


In 1980, during the Iranian hostage crisis Kuhn sat at a baseball game with Jeremiah Denton, a Navy admiral and former POW in Vietnam. Recalling the event to the Washington Post, Kuhn believed that "that afternoon...the idea of a lifetime baseball pass was discussed," and upon their return from Iran, each of the 52 hostages was given one of these unique passes. [1] This article is currently under construction // This year in baseball Events January 9 - Al Kaline and Duke Snider are elected to the Hall of Fame by the Baseball Writers Association of America. ... The Iran hostage crisis was a 444-day period during which the new government of Iran after the Iranian Revolution held hostage 66 diplomats and citizens of the United States. ... Dear Sir I am a Sergeant in the US Army. ... Geneva Convention definition A prisoner of war (POW) is a soldier, sailor, airman, or marine who is imprisoned by an enemy power during or immediately after an armed conflict. ...


In 1983, four players from the Kansas City Royals - Willie Wilson, Jerry Martin, Willie Mays Aikens, and Vida Blue - were found guilty of cocaine use. In addition, such established stars as Ferguson Jenkins, Keith Hernandez, Dave Parker, and Dale Berra admitted to having problems with drugs. This article is currently under construction // This year in baseball Events January 12 - Brooks Robinson and Juan Marichal are elected to the Hall of Fame by the Baseball Writers Association of America. ... Major league affiliations American League (1969-present) Central Division (1994-present) West Division (1969-1993) Major league titles World Series titles (1) 1985 AL Pennants (2) 1985 â€¢ 1980 Central Division titles (0) None West Division titles (6) [1] 1985 â€¢ 1984 â€¢ 1980 â€¢ 1978 1977 â€¢ 1976 Wild card berths (0) None [1... Reverend Willie F. Wilson was born in Newport News, Virginia. ... Jerry Lindsey Martin (born May 11, 1949 in Columbia, South Carolina, USA) is a former professional baseball player. ... Willie Mays Aikens (born October 14, 1954 in Seneca, South Carolina) is a former first baseman in Major League Baseball who played for the California Angels (1977, 1979), Kansas City Royals (1980-1983) and Toronto Blue Jays (1984-1985). ... Vida Rochelle Blue Jr. ... This article is about the drug cocaine. ... Ferguson Arthur Fergie Jenkins CM (born December 13, 1942 in Chatham, Ontario, Canada) was an African-Canadian professional baseball player. ... Keith Hernandez (born October 20, 1953 in San Francisco, California) is a former Major League Baseball first baseman, who played for the St. ... David Gene Parker (born June 9, 1951 in Calhoun, Missouri) is an American former player in Major League Baseball. ...


Leaving office

Bowie Kuhn was both praised and attacked for the firm stand that he levied against offenders. In 1982, some of the owners organized a move to push him out of office. In 1983, Kuhn and his supporters made a last-ditch effort to renew his contract but ultimately failed. Kuhn, though, was allowed to stay for the 1984 regular season before being replaced by Peter Ueberroth. This article is currently under construction // This year in baseball Events January 13 - Hank Aaron and Frank Robinson become the 12th and 13th players elected to the Hall of Fame by the Baseball Writers Association of America in their first year of eligibility. ... This article is currently under construction // This year in baseball Events January 10 - Luis Aparicio, Don Drysdale and Harmon Killebrew are elected to the Hall of Fame by the Baseball Writers Association of America. ...


Life after baseball

Following baseball, Kuhn returned to his law practice and assumed presidency of the Kent Group, a business, sports and financial consulting firm. He also became an adviser and board member for Domino's Pizza and Ave Maria Foundation. World locations Dominos Pizza NYSE: DPZ ASX: DMP is an international pizza delivery franchise and fast-food restaurant chain headquartered in Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States. ...


Mr. Kuhn has been the Chairman of the Catholic Advisory Board of the Ave Maria Mutual Funds since the inception of their first mutual fund, Ave Maria Catholic Values Fund, in May 2001. Ave Maria Mutual Funds is a mutual fund family that targets clients interested in financially sound investments in companies that do not violate certain religious principles of the Roman Catholic Church. ... 2001 : January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December Events: May 1 - Chandra Levy disapears while jogging. ...


During a telecast of the 2004 World Series, broadcaster Joe Buck announced that just prior to his 78th birthday, Bowie Kuhn was scheduled to undergo open-heart surgery.[2] The 2004 World Series represented the 100th time two modern Major League Baseball teams met to decide the championship. ... Joe Buck Joseph Francis Buck (born April 25, 1969 in St. ...


Racial insensitivity

A number of observers complained about Kuhn's apparent insensitivity (or worse) on race-related matters:

  • When the decision was made to induct Negro League baseball players into the Baseball Hall of Fame starting in 1971, Kuhn announced that their plaques would be in a separate wing of the Hall, presumably based on the argument that the Negro Leagues were not true "Major League Baseball" leagues, ignoring the historical fact that MLB's exclusionary policies had compelled the creation of the Negro Leagues in the first place. (He also ignored the fact that the Hall of Fame is a separate entity from Major League Baseball; it is under no obligation to induct and chronicle only MLB players and events, but rather all American baseball. In spite of this, both sides cooperate as it is in their mutual interests.) Whatever the motivation for this idea might have been, the resulting public outcry resulted in the inclusion of Negro Leaguers' plaques with the others.
  • He was said to have personally added the name of Carl Yastrzemski to the 1983 All-Star roster in Yaz's last season but had failed to make the same gesture for Willie Stargell in 1982.

Part of the History of baseball in the United States series. ... The National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, located at 62 Main Street in Cooperstown, New York, United States, is a semi-official museum operated by private interests that serves as the central point for the study of the history of baseball in the United States and beyond, the display... This article is currently under construction // This year in baseball Events January 31 - The new Special Veterans Committee selects seven men for enshrinement to the Hall of Fame: former players Dave Bancroft, Jake Beckley, Chick Hafey, Harry Hooper, Joe Kelley, Rube Marquard, and executive George Weiss. ... Major League Baseball (MLB) is the highest level of play in professional baseball in the world. ... Carl Yaz Yastrzemski Carl Michael Yastrzemski (pronounced yah-STREM-skee) (born August 22, 1939 in Southampton, New York, United States) was a Major League Baseball player of Polish origin. ... This article is currently under construction // This year in baseball Events January 12 - Brooks Robinson and Juan Marichal are elected to the Hall of Fame by the Baseball Writers Association of America. ... Wilver Dornel Stargell (March 6, 1940 – April 9, 2001), (Willie) (Not to be confused with Stargelman) beloved professional baseball player nicknamed Pops in the later years of his career who played his entire Major League career (1962-1982) with the Pittsburgh Pirates as an outfielder and first baseman. ... This article is currently under construction // This year in baseball Events January 13 - Hank Aaron and Frank Robinson become the 12th and 13th players elected to the Hall of Fame by the Baseball Writers Association of America in their first year of eligibility. ...

Trivia

  • Bowie Kuhn is to this day, the youngest (42), tallest (6-foot-5), and heaviest (240 pounds, 109 kg) commissioner in Major League Baseball history.

Major league affiliations American League (1901-present) East Division (1969-present) Major league titles World Series titles (26) 2000 â€¢ 1999 â€¢ 1998 â€¢ 1996 1978 â€¢ 1977 â€¢ 1962 â€¢ 1961 1958 â€¢ 1956 â€¢ 1953 â€¢ 1952 1951 â€¢ 1950 â€¢ 1949 â€¢ 1947 1943 â€¢ 1941 â€¢ 1939 â€¢ 1938 1937 â€¢ 1936 â€¢ 1932 â€¢ 1928 1927 â€¢ 1923 AL Pennants (39) 2003 â€¢ 2001 â€¢ 2000... This article refers to the American baseball league. ...

External links

Preceded by:
William Eckert
Commissioner of Baseball
1969–1984
Succeeded by:
Peter Ueberroth

  Results from FactBites:
 
Bowie Kuhn Summary (1915 words)
Kuhn was reluctant to become involved in the several player strikes that plagued his reign, though he did force owners to scrap plans for a 1976 pre-season lockout.
Bowie Kent Kuhn (born October 28, 1926 in Takoma Park, Maryland) was commissioner of Major League Baseball from February 4, 1969 to September 30, 1984.
Kuhn suspended numerous players for drug involvement and barred both Willie Mays (in 1979) and Mickey Mantle (in 1983) from the sport due to their involvement in casino promotion; both were reinstated (by Kuhn's successor Peter Ueberroth) in 1985.
Bowie Kuhn - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1293 words)
Bowie Kent Kuhn (born October 28, 1926 in Takoma Park, Maryland) was commissioner of Major League Baseball from February 4, 1969 to September 30, 1984.
Kuhn suspended numerous players for drug involvement and barred both Willie Mays (in 1979) and Mickey Mantle (in 1983) from the sport due to their involvement in casino promotion; both were reinstated (by Kuhn's successor Peter Ueberroth) in 1985.
Bowie Kuhn was both praised and attacked for the firm stand that he levied against offenders.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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