FACTOID # 7: The top five best educated states are all in the Northeast.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
RELATED ARTICLES
People who viewed "Bouzouki" also viewed:
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Bouzouki
Greek (tetrachordo) Bouzouki
Greek (tetrachordo) Bouzouki

The bouzouki (gr. το μπουζούκι; pl. τα μπουζούκια) (plural sometimes transliterated as bouzoukia) is the mainstay of modern Greek music as well as other Balkan folk music, particularly of Serbia and Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is also found in Irish music. It is a stringed instrument with a pear-shaped body and a very long neck. The bouzouki is a member of the 'long neck lute' family and is similar to a mandolin. The front of the body is flat and is usually heavily inlaid with mother-of-pearl. The instrument is played with a plectrum and has a sharp metallic sound. Nightclubs in Greece are divided into two main categories: those that feature live Greek music with artists, and the usual foreign music discotheques or bars. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2033x1430, 229 KB) Summary Original image was dark - revised image, all credits to original uploader (own image). ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2033x1430, 229 KB) Summary Original image was dark - revised image, all credits to original uploader (own image). ... Greek ( IPA: or simply IPA: — Hellenic) has a documented history of 3,500 years, the longest of any single language in the Indo-European language family. ... Look up plural in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Greek music is a mixture of influences from its own indigenous culture with Western and Middle Eastern cultures. ... Not to be confused with Republika Srpska. ... Ireland is an island in the North Atlantic politically divided between the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland. ... A medieval era lute. ... This article is about the musical instrument. ... A piece of nacre Nacre, also known as mother of pearl, is an organic mixture of calcium carbonate (CaCO3) in the form of platy crystals of aragonite and conchiolin (a scleroprotein). ... Various guitar picks A plectrum is a small flat tool used to pluck or strum a stringed instrument. ...


Many musicians such as Manolis Chiotis and Giorgos Zambetas began using specially designed pickups to achieve a slightly thicker humbucker-like sound in the mid-1960s. These pickups are widely used by several Greek artists today and came in active and (usually) passive versions. Bouzouki pickup manufacturers include EMG, Lace Actodyne and Seymour Duncan. Manolis Chiotis (Greek: Μανώλης Χιώτης) was a famous Greek Rebetiko composer, singer and bouzouki player. ... EMG-85: one of the most popular active EMG pickups EMG, Inc. ... The Lace Sensor is a guitar pickup designed by Don Lace and manufactured by AGI (Actodyne General International). ... Seymour Duncan is a company that is most famous for manufacturing of guitar pickups, and currently has a line of effects pedals. ...


There are three main types of bouzouki:

  • Trichordo having three pairs of strings (courses).
  • Tetrachordo having four pairs of strings.
  • Irish having four pairs of strings and a flat back.

Contents

History

In Ancient Greece, this instrument was known as the "pandouris" or "pandourion", also called the "trichord" because it had three strings; it was the first fretted instrument known, forerunner of the various families of lutes worldwide. The source of our knowledge about this instrument is the Mantineia marble (4th century BC, now exhibited at Athens Archaeological Museum), depicting the mythical contest between Apollo and Marsyas, where a pandouris is being played by a muse seated on a rock. The term ancient Greece refers to the periods of Greek history in Classical Antiquity, lasting ca. ... For other uses, see Apollo (disambiguation). ... In Greek mythology, Marsyas was a satyr who challenged Apollo to a contest of music. ...


From Byzantine times it was called the tambouras. The modern Turkish Tanbur is practically identical to the ancient Greek pandouris. On display in the National Historical Museum of Greece is the tambouras of a hero of the Greek revolution of 1821, General Makriyiannis. This tambouras bears the main morphological characteristics of the bouzouki used by the Rebetes. Tanbur The tanbur (var. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


The Turkish Saz and the Lebanese Buzuq belong to the same family of instruments as the bouzouki. A middle-sized kind of saz is called a "bozouk saz". Bozouk in Turkish means "broken, not functioning, modified". Here it is used in order to specify the size of the instrument. It is concluded, therefore, that the bouzouki has been named after the jargon of the Turkish saz. An alternative popular etymology maintains that the word "Bozouk" was used because different tunings (the Turkish 'düzen') are required for the instrument to play in different musical scales (known as Dromoi in Greek, Maqam (pl. Maqamat) in Arabic). A tuning known as the "bozouk düzeni" (broken tuning) still exists in Greek folk music. The Saz (from Persian: ‎ , music) is a plucked stringed instrument, popular in Turkey, Iran, Azerbaijan, Armenia, and the Balkan countries. ... Buzuq (Arabic بزق; also transliterated bozuq, bozouk, etc. ...


Following the 1919-1922 war in Asia Minor and the subsequent exchange of populations between Greece and Turkey, the ethnic Greeks fled to Greece. The refugees brought with them the music known as Smyrneika, which made use of the Arabic lute (Oud or "outi" as the Greeks called it). Soon the outi was replaced by the bouzouki and the Smyrneika style fused into the Rembetika. Combatants Greece Turkish Revolutionaries Commanders Gen Leonidas Paraskevopoulos, Gen Anastasios Papoulas, Gen Georgios Hatzianestis Ali Fethi Okyar, Ä°smet Ä°nönü, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, Fevzi Çakmak Strength 200,000 men 120,000 men (plus village protectors) Casualties 23,500 dead; 20,820 captured 20,540 dead; 10,000 wounded The... Anatolia (Greek: ανατολη anatole, rising of the sun or East; compare Orient and Levant, by popular etymology Turkish Anadolu to ana mother and dolu filled), also called by the Latin name of Asia Minor, is a region of Southwest Asia which corresponds today to... Front and rear views of an oud. ...


The early bouzoukia were Trichordo, with three courses (six strings in three pairs) and were generally tuned to D3/D4 A3 D4. This tuning fits in well with the music of the Middle East, as an open chord is neither major nor minor, allowing great flexibility with the melody. Trichordo bouzoukis are still being made, and are very popular with aficionados of Rembetika. Rebetiko is a kind of Greek music, popular among Greek people around the world. ...


After the Second World War, Tetrachordo (four-course) bouzoukis started to appear. It is not known who first added the fourth course. Possibly Stefanakis or Anastasios Stathopoulos. The tetrachordo was made popular by Manolis Chiotis. Chiotis also used a tuning akin to standard guitar tuning, which made it easier for guitarists to play bouzouki, even as it angered purists. Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... Manolis Chiotis (Greek: Μανώλης Χιώτης) was a famous Greek Rebetiko composer, singer and bouzouki player. ...



The Irish bouzouki, with four courses, a flatter back, and differently tuned from the Greek bouzouki, is a more recent development, dating back to the 1960s.


The trichordo bouzouki

Greek trichordo bouzouki Image File history File links Trichordobouzouki. ...


The trichordo bouzouki was the usual type of bouzouki from around 1920. It had fixed frets, rather than movable ones, and it had 6 strings in three pairs, tuned D-a-d (or E-b-e). This type of bouzouki was used for rebetiko. The illustrated bouzouki is a replica of a trichordo bouzouki used by Markos Vamvakaris. It has tuners for eight strings, but has only six strings. The luthiers of the time often used sets of four tuners on trichordo instruments, as these were more easily available, since they were used on mandolins. Rebetiko, plural rebetika, (Greek ρεμπέτικο and ρεμπέτικα respectively) is the name for a type of urban Greek music. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ...


The tetrachordo bouzouki

This type of bouzouki has 8 metal strings which are arranged in 4 pairs, known as courses. It was conceived and established in the scene by a major Rebetis, Manolis Chiotis, during the early 1940s. In the two higher-pitched (treble) courses, the two strings of the pair are tuned to the same note. These are used for playing melodies, usually with the two courses played together. In the two lower-pitched (bass) courses, the pair consists of a thick wound string and a thin string tuned an octave apart. These 'octave strings' add to the fullness of the sound and are used in chords and bass drones (continuous low notes that are played throughout the music). This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Treble is a term applied in music to the high or acute part of the musical system, as opposed to the bass, the lower or grave part. ... Bass (IPA: [], rhyming with face), when used as an adjective, describes tones of low frequency or range. ... For other uses, see Octave (disambiguation). ...


The original tuning for the four-course bouzouki is C3 F3 A3 D4 (where C4 is Middle C). In recent times, some players have taken to tuning their bouzoukis up in pitch to D3G3B3E4. This latter tuning is identitical to the tuning of the thinner four strings of a standard Spanish tuned guitar. For other uses, see Guitar (disambiguation). ...


The Irish bouzouki

bouzouki irlandais

The Greek bouzouki was introduced into Irish Traditional Music in the 1960s by Johnny Moynihan and was quickly taken up by Andy Irvine. Soon after, the Irish bouzouki began to develop into something like its current form. Today, the Irish bouzouki is an important part of the Irish trad scene, most often (though not always) playing accompaniment, mostly a mix of two note chords, basslines, and bits of countermelody, rather than the melody. Perhaps the best known exponent of the Irish bouzouki is Dónal Lunny, who also created an electric version, known as the e-zouk. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Ireland is an island in the North Atlantic politically divided between the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland. ... Johnny Moynihan is a folk singer based in Dublin, Ireland. ... Andy Irvine (born 14 June 1942) is an Irish folk musician, singer, and songwriter, and a founding member of the popular band Planxty. ... An Irish Bouzouki The Irish bouzouki is a slightly modified bouzouki Bouzoukis were introduced into Irish Traditional Music in the 1970s, by Johnny Moynihan and Alec Finn, and popularised by Andy Irvine and Dónal Lunny. ... An Irish Bouzouki The Irish bouzouki is a slightly modified bouzouki Bouzoukis were introduced into Irish Traditional Music in the 1970s, by Johnny Moynihan and Alec Finn, and popularised by Andy Irvine and Dónal Lunny. ... Irish music is a folk music which has remained vibrant throughout the 20th century, when many other traditional forms worldwide lost popularity to pop music. ... Legendary Irish musician, Dónal Lunny. ...


The Irish bouzouki generally has a flat or lightly arched back (like that of a guitar or an Irish, American, or Portuguese style mandolin) in place of stave-built round back of the Greek bouzouki, and unlike the Greek instrument is usually tuned to GDAD or GDAE (an octave below the mandolin). For all intents and purposes, the modern Irish bouzouki is a member of the mandolin family, and a bouzouki in name only. However, the Irish bouzouki is distinguished from the somewhat similar-looking octave mandolin in that it has a longer fretboard and characteristic tuning. Like mandolins, Irish bouzoukis are variously made with flat, carved (arched) and bent tops. Hardly anyone uses the Greek bouzouki for Irish music today; Alec Finn is the only professional of any consequence to continue in playing one. This article is about the musical instrument. ... The octave mandolin is an eight-stringed fretted string instrument tuned an octave below the neopolitan mandolin. ...


The typical scale length of the Irish bouzouki is 22 to 24 inches (550 to 610 mm), although some are as long as 26 inches (660 mm); an instrument in the same tuning with a scale length of 20 inches (500 mm) or less is generally termed an octave mandola (Europe, Ireland, and the UK) or octave mandolin (US and Canada). A mandola is a stringed musical instrument. ... The octave mandolin is an eight-stringed fretted string instrument tuned an octave below the neopolitan mandolin. ...


The first Irish bouzouki was probably one built by John Bailey for John Pearse, the guitarist and author, who recalls in a usenet message to Rec.Music.Makers.Guitar.Acoustic on 16th January 2000 [1] "your mention of the "Irish" bouzouki prompts me to admit responsibility for its introduction, albeit unwittingly. Back in the late fifties and early sixties I was teaching guitar at the English Folk Dance and Song Society HQ on Regents Park Road in London's Camden Town. At that time I was obsessed with Greek music and was gigging with a pretty cheap bouzouki that I'd picked up in Piraeus. One night it got thoroughly trashed during a fight at a local pub and I took it to luthier John Bailey, who was a regular at the EFDSS and had repaired it on many prior occasions. He pronounced it not repairable and offered to build me a replacement. Since he was not able to attempt a coopered bowl-back, I lent him an old Preston English cittern to use as a model for the body of the instrument. In due time the bouzouki was finished and I started gigging with it. I found the sound somewhat too sweet for rembetica and the intonation was rather suspect further up the neck, so, after I obtained a pukka Greek bouzouki the following year - a Yianacou - I hung the Bailey on the wall as a decoration. At that time, my house was the scene of constant partying. Whether or not I was in town, there always seemed to be a wild shindig taking place, judging by the constant complaints from the neighbours- and the monotonous regularity of visits from tall gentlemen, clad in blue, with firm requests to keep the noise down. On one such evening, Johnny Moynihan, from the Irish group Sweeney's Men, took down the Bailey from the wall and started to join in the musical revelry. He liked the instrument so much that, at evening's end, I gave it to him. About a year later I heard from John Bailey that he'd had dozens of requests from other Irish musicians wanting him to build flat-back bouzoukis. This he did...and the rest, as they say...is history!" John Bailey is a Luthier who made and repaired guitars and other stringed instruments during the 1960s revival of English folk music and beyond. ... Usenet (USEr NETwork) is a global, decentralized, distributed Internet discussion system that evolved from a general purpose UUCP architecture of the same name. ... Cecil Sharp House in London is home to the English Folk Dance and Song Society The English Folk Dance and Song Society formed in 1932 when two organisations merged: the Folk-Song Society and the English Folk Dance Society formed by Cecil Sharp in 1911. ... Regents Park (officially The Regents Park) is one of the Royal Parks of London. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... For other uses of Camden, see Camden. ... It has been suggested that Kaminia (Piraeus), Greece be merged into this article or section. ... A woodcut of a Cittern The cittern is a stringed instrument dating from the Renaissance, having evolved considerably since that time. ... Rebetiko, plural rebetika, (Greek ρεμπέτικο and ρεμπέτικα respectively) is the name for a type of urban Greek music. ... Intonation, in music, is a players realization of pitch accuracy. ... Johnny Moynihan is a folk singer based in Dublin, Ireland. ... Sweeneys Men was an Irish traditional band. ...


Peter Abnett, an English luthier continues to build bouzoukis and other mandolin family instruments to this day. Luthiers Stefan Sobell and Joe Foley have also been major figures in the development of the instrument.


Well-known bouzouki players

This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Keith Lionel Urban (born 26 October 1967, New Zealand), is a New Zealand country music singer. ... Martin Lancelot Barre (born 17 November 1946, in Kings Heath, Birmingham, Warwickshire, England) is an English rock musician. ... For the 18th-century agriculturist after whom the band was named, see Jethro Tull (agriculturist). ... Yiorgos Batis (Greek: Γιώργος Μπάτης, also Giorgos Batis) (1885 in Methana - March 10, 1967) was one of the first and infulential in rebetiko music and was known in Piraeus. ... Peter Lawrence Buck (born 6 December 1956 in Berkeley, California) is the guitarist and co-founder, along with Bill Berry, Mike Mills, and Michael Stipe of the alternative rock band R.E.M. // After spending time in Los Angeles and San Francisco, the Buck family moved to Atlanta, Georgia. ... Vassilis Tsitsanis (Βασίλης Τσιτσάνης January 18, 1915 - January 18, 1984) was a Greek singer and songwriter. ... Karl Sanders (born June 5, 1964) is a vocalist/guitar virtuoso and founding member of the Egyptian-themed death metal band Nile. ... Manolis Chiotis (Greek: Μανώλης Χιώτης) was a famous Greek Rebetiko composer, singer and bouzouki player. ... Massimo Morante is an Italian musician. ... Goblin are an Italian progressive rock band who are known for their soundtracks on Dario Argento films (e. ... Michael Gordon Oldfield (born May 15, 1953 in Reading, England) is a multi-instrumentalist musician and composer, working a style that blends progressive rock, folk, ethnic or world music, classical music, electronic music and more recently dance. ... Image:Tim OBrien. ... Richard Shindell is an American folk singer currently living in Argentina. ... Alex Lifeson OC (born Alexander Zivojinovich on August 27, 1953, in Fernie, British Columbia, Canada), is a Canadian musician, best known as the guitarist for the rock group Rush. ... Beth Patterson is an Irish folk and Celtic musician of some renown. ... Larry Campbell is a musician who plays several string instruments (including guitar, mandolin, and violin) in genres including country, folk, and rock. ... Colin Meloy in Atlanta, Georgia Colin Meloy in Brussels (2006) Colin Patrick Henry Meloy (born October 5, 1974) is the lead singer and songwriter for the Portland, Oregon, folk-rock band The Decemberists. ... The Decemberists are a five-piece indie pop band from Portland, Oregon, fronted by singer/songwriter Colin Meloy . ...

Greek baglama

Greek baglama with staved back
Greek baglama with staved back

The baglama (Greek μπαγλαμάς) is very different from the Turkish baglama. Image File history File links Greek_baglama. ... Image File history File links Greek_baglama. ... BA or Ba may stand for: ba an archaic two-letter English word meaning to kiss. in Egyptian mythology: One part of the Egyptian soul (which was imagined as a bird body with a human head). ...


It is a half-sized version of the bouzouki. The Greek baglama has a small body, with a bowl, that is either made from staves or carved from solid wood. The neck is fretted, with the fret spacing corresponding to the notes of Western music. It has three pairs of strings, of which the higher two pairs are tuned in unison to D and A, and an octave pair tuned to D. The high pitched sound of the baglama is often very prominent in Pireas style Rembetika.


For additional information, consult the history of Greece over the last hundred years, with particular reference to rembetika (also called rebetika), which was a blend of numerous styles, including Turkish fasil music, derived from the Ottoman classical genre. Rebetiko is a kind of Greek music, popular among Greek people around the world. ... The Ottoman Turks were the ethnic subdivision of the Turkish people who dominated the ruling class of the Ottoman Empire. ... Ottoman classical music (Türk Sanat Müziği) is a kind of music that developed parallel with the Ottoman Empire. ... A genre [], (French: kind or sort from Greek: γένος (genos)) is a loose set of criteria for a category of literary composition; the term is also used for any other form of art or utterance. ...


See also

History (Timeline and Samples) Genres: Classical music -Folk - Hip hop - Jazz - Rock Regional styles Aegean Islands - Arcadia - Argos - Athens - Crete - Cyclades - Dodecanese Islands - Epirus - Ionian Islands - Lesbos - Macedonia - Peloponnesos - Thessaloniki - Thessaly - Thrace - Cyprus The musical legacy of Greece is as diverse as its history. ... Rebetiko, plural rebetika, (Greek ρεμπέτικο and ρεμπέτικα respectively) is the name for a type of urban Greek music. ... Zeibekiko (Greek: ζεϊμπέκικο, Turkish:Zeybek) is an originally Turkish improvisational folk dance which was borrowed and slightly revised by Greeks. ... A list of tunings for stringed musical instruments from around the world. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ...

References

  1. ^ rec.music.makers.guitar.acoustic. Retrieved on 2007-02-11.

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 42nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Further reading

  • Richards, Tobe A. (2007). The Greek Bouzouki Chord Bible: CFAD Standard Tuning 1,728 Chords. United Kingdom: Cabot Books. ISBN 10: 0-9553944-8-1 ISBN 13: 978-0-9553944-8-5. 

  Results from FactBites:
 
Han's Irish Bouzouki Homepage. (879 words)
I have chosen to dedicate a page to the Irish bouzouki because there seems to be very little information available, even though most people recognize the fact that the instrument has earned it's place in the tradition.
First there is an piece of text I wrote on the subject of tuning and stringing the bouzouki for use in an Irish trad.
This is a preliminary version of a text on right hand techniques that might be useful for bouzouki (and guitar, mandolin, cittern) players that want to play Irish music.
Bouzouki.Com - Kalis & Co. (1385 words)
The Bouzouki is a member of the "Tambouras" family of instruments of which it is a variation.
The Bouzouki is played with a small plectrum, otherwise known as the "penna".
As mentioned before the most common Bouzouki today is the eight (8) string Bouzouki that in essence consist of four (4) double sets of strings.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     

The Walrus
24th September 2010
Hi, lovely to see the picture of my bouzouki appearing in so many places. I wish I had done a better job of removing the background. Cheers, Walrus

----
www.doctor-dark.co.uk

Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m