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Encyclopedia > Bourges
Commune of Bourges

Cathédrale Saint-Étienne de Bourges
Location
Coordinates 47°05′04″N, 02°23′47″E
Administration
Country France
Region Centre
Department Cher (préfecture)
Arrondissement Bourges
Canton Chief town of 5 cantons
Intercommunality Communauté
d'agglomération
de Bourges
Mayor Serge Lepeltier
(2001-2008)
Statistics
Altitude 120 m–169 m
(avg. 153 m)
Land area¹ 68.74 km²
Population²
(1999)
72,480
 - Density (1999) 1,054/km²
Miscellaneous
INSEE/Postal code 18033/ 18000
¹ French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 mi² or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
² Population sans doubles comptes: single count of residents of multiple communes (e.g. students and military personnel).
France

Bourges is a town and commune in central France that is located on the Yèvre river. It is the préfecture (capital) of the département of Cher and also was the capital of the former province of Berry. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (500x627, 188 KB) from German wikipedia de:Bild:Bourges04. ... Bourges Cathedral Floorplan of the cathedral The Cathédrale Saint-Étienne de Bourges is a cathedral located in Bourges, France. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... This is an alphabetical list of countries of the world, including independent states (both those that are internationally recognised and generally unrecognised), inhabited dependent territories and areas of special sovereignty. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... (Region flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Orléans Regional President Michel Sapin (PS) (1998 to 2000, and since 2004) Departments Cher Eure-et-Loir Indre Indre-et-Loire Loir-et-Cher Loiret Arrondissements 20 Cantons 198 Communes 1,842 Statistics Land area1 39,151 km² Population (Ranked 9th)  - January... Departments (French: départements) are administrative units of France and many former French colonies, roughly analogous to English counties. ... Cher is a département in the center of France. ... In France, a préfecture is the capital city of a département. ... The 100 French départements are divided into 342 arrondissements. ... The arrondissement of Bourges is an arrondissement of France, located in the Cher département, in the Centre région. ... The cantons of France are administrative divisions subdividing arrondissements and départements. ... The commune is an administrative division of France. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Serge Lepeltier (born October 12, 1953) is a French politician. ... 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) will be a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar next year. ... INSEE is the French abbreviation for the French National Institute for Statistics and Economic Studies (French: Institut National de la Statistique et des Études Économiques). ... Postal codes were introduced in France in 1972, when La Poste introduced automated sorting. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Estuaries and coastal waters are among the most productive ecosystems on Earth, providing ecological, economic, cultural, and aesthetic benefits. ... This page lists English translations of several Latin phrases and abbreviations, such as and . ... Image File history File links Flag_of_France. ... The commune is the lowest level of administrative division in the French Republic. ... In France, a préfecture is the capital city of a département. ... The départements (or departments) are administrative units of France and many former French colonies, roughly analogous to English counties. ... Cher is a département in the center of France. ... The Kingdom of France was organized into provinces until March 4, 1790, when the establishment of the département system superseded provinces. ... Berry was a province of France until the provinces were replaced by départements on March 4, 1790. ...

Contents

History

The name of the city is either derived from, the Bituriges; the name of the original inhabitants; or from the Germanic Burg (French: Bourg. Spanish: Borgos. English, others: Burgh, Berg, or Borough), for "hill/village". Its Celtic name was Avaricon. In the Gallic Wars, the Gauls practiced a scorched-earth policy, but the inhabitants of Avaricon begged not to have their city burned, and it was spared due to its good defenses provided by the surrounding marshes and a strong southern wall. The Bituriges (Bituriges-Cubi) was a tribe with its capital at Bourges (Avaricum). ... Burg is the German and Dutch word for castle. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... A sign in Linlithgow, Scotland. ... Berg (in several Germanic languages: mountain) can refer to: Look up Berg in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A borough is an administrative division used in various countries. ... This article is about the European people. ... Combatants Roman Republic Several Gallic tribes Commanders Julius Caesar Titus Labienus Mark Antony Quintus Cicero Vercingetorix, Ambiorix, Commius, among other The Gallic Wars were a series of military campaigns by several invading Roman legions under the command of Julius Caesar into Gaul, and the subsequent uprisings of the Gallic tribes. ... A scorched earth policy is a military tactic which involves destroying anything that might be useful to the enemy while advancing through or withdrawing from an area. ...


The third century Saint Ursinus, also known as Saint Ursin, is considered the first bishop of the city. Currently, Bourges is the seat of an archbishopric. Saint Ursinus of Bourges ( Ursin) (3rd century) is venerated as a saint by the Catholic Church and is considered the first bishop of Bourges. ... This article is about a title or office in religious bodies. ... In Christianity, an archbishop is an elevated bishop heading a diocese of particular importance due to either its size, history, or both, called an archdiocese. ...


The Gothic Cathedral of Saint Etienne, begun at the end of the twelfth century, is listed as a World Heritage Site. It is considered the earliest example of the high gothic style of the thirteenth century. Interior of Cologne Cathedral Gothic architecture is a style of architecture, particularly associated with cathedrals and other churches, which flourished in Europe during the high and late medieval period. ... Bourges Cathedral Floorplan of the cathedral The Cathédrale Saint-Étienne de Bourges is a cathedral located in Bourges, France. ...


During the Middle Ages, Bourges was the capital of a Viscounty until the fourteenth century. The future king, Charles VII, sought refuge there. His son, Louis XI, was born there in 1423. In 1438, Charles decreed the Pragmatic Sanction of Bourges. During this period, Bourges was also a major capital of alchemy. The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... A viscount is a member of the European nobility whose comital title ranks usually, as in the British peerage, above a baron, below an earl (in Britain) or a count (his continental equivalent). ... (13th century - 14th century - 15th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 14th century was that century which lasted from 1301 to 1400. ... The name Charles VII is used to refer to numerous persons in history: Kings: Charles VII of France Charles VII, Holy Roman Emperor Charles VII of Naples Charles VII of Sweden Don Carlos María de los Dolores de Borbón, pretendant with the title of Charles VII of Spain... Louis XI Louis XI the Prudent (French: Louis XI le Prudent) (July 3, 1423 - August 30, 1483), also informally nicknamed luniverselle aragne (old French for universal spider), was a King of France (1461 - 1483). ... Events July 31 - Hundred Years War: Battle of Cravant - The French army is defeated at Cravant on the banks of the river Yonne. ... Events Pachacuti who would later create Tahuantinsuyu, or Inca Empire became the ruler of Cuzco In Italy, the siege of Brescia by the condottieri troops of Niccolò Piccinino was raised after the arrival of Scaramuccia da Forlì. January 1 - Albert II of Habsburg becomes King of Hungary March 18 - Albert... The Pragmatic Sanction of Bourges, issued by King Charles VII of France, on July 7, 1438, required a General Church Council, with authority superior to that of the pope, to be held every ten years, required election rather than appointment to ecclesiastical offices, prohibited the pope from bestowing, and profiting... For other uses, see Alchemy (disambiguation). ...


The city has a long tradition of art and history, other sites of importance include the Palace of Jacques Cœur and a sixty-five-hectare district of timber houses and grande homes. Jacques CÅ“ur Jacques CÅ“ur (c. ...


It achieved brief notoriety in the late 18th Century when Scottish explorer Sir Fergus Woodward fought a duel with local aristocrat Eric Mouhica outside the impressive Cathedrale Saint-Etienne de Bourges. Allegedly Mouhica had orchestrated the violent murder of a close friend of Sir Fergus's, Andre Gillespeaux, but the local authorities had refused to act. Edward Norman, a priest at the Cathedral, reported in his journal that Sir Fergus killed the Frenchman with the words "While I today have brought your grave, 'tis death which you have bred yourself." (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ...


The Impressionist painter, Berthe Morisot, was born in Bourges on January 14, 1841. See also Impressionist (entertainment): A girl with a watering can by Renoir, 1876 Impressionism was a 19th century art movement, which began as a private association of Paris-based artists who exhibited publicly in 1874. ... Berthe Morisot in a portrait by Édouard Manet, 1872 Berthe Morisot (January 14, 1841 – March 2, 1895) was an Impressionist painter. ... January 14 is the 14th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1841 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Main sights

  • Its Gothic cathedral (built 11951255) was added to the list of the World Heritage Sites by UNESCO in 1992
    Floorplan of the cathedral of Bourges
    Floorplan of the cathedral of Bourges
  • Jacques Cœur's Palace
  • The Maurice Estève Museum
  • The marshes of the Yevre and Voiselle Rivers, was listed in 2003 as a French Natural Monument or Site
  • The ruins of the Gallo-Roman walls

Bourges Cathedral Floorplan of the cathedral The Cathédrale Saint-Étienne de Bourges is a cathedral located in Bourges, France. ... Events Priory of St Marys, Bushmead, founded. ... Events Königsberg was founded Births Emperor Albert I of Germany, in July Deaths Monarchs/Presidents Aragon - James I King of Aragon and count of Barcelona (reigned from 1213 to 1276) Categories: 1255 ... Elabana Falls is in Lamington National Park, part of the Central Eastern Rainforest Reserves World Heritage site in Queensland, Australia. ... UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... Image File history File links BourgesDB362. ... Image File history File links BourgesDB362. ... Jacques CÅ“ur Jacques CÅ“ur (c. ...

Colleges and universities

The University of Bourges was a university located in Bourges, France. ... École des Beaux Arts refers to several art schools in France. ...

Miscellaneous

Serge Lepeltier became mayor of the city in 1995 and again in 2001. Serge Lepeltier (born October 12, 1953) is a French politician. ... 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The Printemps de Bourges music festival takes place in Bourges every year. // Quick history The Printemps de Bourges is a music festival, started in 1977 by Jean Christophe Dechico (director of the Maison de la Culture at the time), Alain Meilland (actor and singer) and Daniel Colling (music booking agent). ...


Twin towns

Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Augsburg is a city in south-central Germany. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Portugal. ... Location    - Country Portugal    - Region Centro  - Subregion Baixo Vouga  - District or A.R. Aveiro Mayor Élio Maia  - Party PSD-CDS Area 199. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... Forlì is a comune and city in Emilia-Romagna, Italy, famed as the birthplace of the great painter Melozzo da Forlì and of Fascist leader Benito Mussolini, at the nearby comune of Predappio. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Poland_corrected_(bordered). ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Koszalin Koszalin[] (German: Köslin [], Kashubian and Pomeranian: Kòszalëno, Latin: Scurgum) is the biggest city of Middle Pomerania in north-western Poland. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... Palencia is a city in the northwest of the Tierra de Campos of central Spain, the capital of the province of Palencia in the autonomous community of Castile-Leon. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... The City of Peterborough is a cathedral city and unitary authority in the East of England. ...

Internal links

  • Saint-Benoît-du-Sault

Saint-Benoît-du-Sault is a little town and commune of the Indre département, in central France. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Bourges

  Results from FactBites:
 
Bourges pictures - Europe stock photos, fine art prints by QTL (198 words)
The Cathedral of St Etienne of Bourges built between the late 12th and early 13th centuries, is one of the great masterpieces of Gothic art and is admired for its proportions and the unity of its design.
It is one of the last examples of 12th century design, where despite the addition of the newly-discovered flying buttress, the three-tiered volumes are well visible.
Bourges is a medium-sized town close to the Loire Valley, about 250km south of Paris.
Bourges - LoveToKnow 1911 (760 words)
Bourges preserves portions of the Roman ramparts of the 4th century, which are for the most part built into the houses of the old quarter.
Bourges is the seat of an archbishopric, a court of appeal, a court of assizes and a prefect; and is the headquarters of the VIII.
On many occasions Bourges was the seat of ecclesiastical councils - the most important being the council of 1438, in which the Pragmatic Sanction of the Gallican church was established, and that of 1528, in which the Lutheran doctrines were condemned.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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