Bourgeoispseudoscience (Буржуазная лженаука) was a cliche in the Soviet Union of certain scientific disciplines that were deemed inadmissible from the ideologicalpoint of view. Bourgeois at the end of the thirteenth century. ... A pseudoscience is any body of knowledge purported to be scientific or supported by science but which is judged by the mainstream scientific community to fail to comply with the scientific method. ... Clich (from French, imitative) refers to: an overused phrase or expression, or the idea expressed by it; a situation, theme or characterization which has become common; a thing (as a style of clothing) that has become overly familiar or commonplace. ... An ideology is a collection of ideas. ... A point of view, viewpoint or POV, is the following: On a given topic, a point of view is a cognitive perspective. ...
At different moments the following disciplines were pronounced "bourgeois psudousciences": genetics (see Lysenkoism), cybernetics, sociology, semiotics, comparative linguistics (see Japhetic theory) and many other disciplines and approaches. This attitude brought irreparable harm to the development of the Soviet Union. Genetics (from the Greek genno γεννώ= give birth) is the science of genes, heredity, and the variation of organisms. ... Lysenko speaking at the Kremlin in 1935. ... Cybernetics is a theory of the communication and control of regulatory feedback. ... Sociology is the study of the social lives of humans, groups, and societies, sometimes defined as the study of social interactions. ... Semiotics (also spelled Semeiotics) is the study of signs and sign systems. ... Historical linguistics (also diachronic linguistics or comparative linguistics) is primarily the study of the ways in which languages change over time, by means of examining languages which are recognizably related through similarities such as vocabulary, word formation, and syntax, as well as the surviving records of ancient languages. ... Japhetic theory is a term used to describe a linguistic theory developed by the Soviet linguist Nikolai Marr (1864-1934). ...
Categories: Historical stubs | Soviet expressions | Soviet political repressions | Soviet phraseology Research in Soviet Union in science and humanities from the very beginning was under a strict ideological scrutiny, together with art, literature, education and all other domains of human culture. ...
Critics of pseudoscience such as Richard Dawkins, Mario Bunge, Carl Sagan, and James Randi consider almost all forms of pseudoscience to be harmful, whether or not they result in immediate harm to their adherents.
Proponents of a pseudoscience frequently neglect this principle and demand that skeptics demonstrate beyond a reasonable doubt that a claim (e.g., an assertion regarding the efficacy of a novel therapeutic technique) is false.
Pseudoscience is also distinguishable from revelation, theology, or spirituality in that it claims to offer insight into the physical world obtained by "scientific" means.
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