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Encyclopedia > Boulder, Colorado
Boulder, Colorado
Location in Boulder County and the State of Colorado
Location in Boulder County and the State of Colorado
Coordinates: 40°1′10″N 105°17′34″W / 40.01944, -105.29278
Country Flag of the United States United States
State Flag of Colorado State of Colorado
County Boulder County Seat[1]
Settled 1858 as Boulder City, N.T.
Incorporated 1871-11-04[2]
Government
 - Type Home Rule Municipality[1]
 - Mayor Shaun McGrath
Area
 - Total 25.4 sq mi (65.7 km²)
 - Land 24.4 sq mi (63.1 km²)
 - Water 1.0 sq mi (2.6 km²)
Elevation 5,430 ft (1,655 m)
Population (2006)[3] 1
 - Total 91,685 (city proper)
 - Density 3,884.1/sq mi (1,499.9/km²)
Time zone MST (UTC-7)
 - Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP codes[4] 80301-80310, 80314, 80321-80323, 80328, 80329
Area code(s) Both 303 and 720
FIPS code 08-07850
GNIS feature ID 0178680
Highways                        
Eleventh most populous Colorado city
Website: City of Boulder

Boulder is a Home Rule Municipality that is the county seat and most populous city of Boulder County, Colorado, in the United States.[5] Boulder is the 11th most populous city in the state of Colorado. The United States Census Bureau estimates that in 2005 the population of the city of Boulder was 91,685,[6] the population of the Boulder Metropolitan Statistical Area was 280,440. Boulder is the home of the University of Colorado at Boulder, the largest university in Colorado and Naropa University, the only accredited Buddhist-inspired university in the United States. Boulder is situated 25 miles (40 km) northwest of the Colorado State Capitol in Denver at an elevation of 5,430 feet (1,655 m). This photo was taken by user:Karen Johnson at the Freycinet Peninsula in Tasmania. ... Image File history File links Boulder_County_Colorado_Incorporated_and_Unincorporated_areas_Boulder_Highlighted. ... Boulder County is a county located in the U.S. state of Colorado. ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles. ... This list of countries, arranged alphabetically, gives an overview of countries of the world. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      The political units and divisions of the United States include: The 50 states... Image File history File links Flag_of_Colorado. ... Official language(s) English Demonym Coloradan Capital Denver Largest city Denver Largest metro area Denver-Aurora Metro Area Area  Ranked 8th in the US  - Total 104,185 sq mi (269,837 km²)  - Width 280 miles (451 km)  - Length 380 miles (612 km)  - % water 0. ... List of 64 counties in the U.S. state of Colorado: Colorado counties Adams County - formed in 1902 from part of Arapahoe county. ... Boulder County is a county located in the U.S. state of Colorado. ... Nebraska Territory was a historic, organized territory of the United States from May 30, 1854 until March 1, 1867 when Nebraska became the 37th U.S. state. ... A Municipal Corporation is a legal defintion for a local governing body, including (but not necessarily limited to) cities, counties, and towns. ... 1871 (MDCCCLXXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... is the 308th day of the year (309th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The 270 active municipalities of the State of Colorado operate under one of five types of municipal governing authority:[1][2] Consolidated City and County – Only Denver and Broomfield have consolidated city and county governments: The City and County of Denver operates under Article XX, Section 4 of the Constitution... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here areas between 1,000 km² and 10,000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... City limits refers to the defined limits of a citys area. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... The Mountain Standard Time Zone is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting seven hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... Mountain Daylight Time or MDT is the Mountain Standard Time Zone (or MST) during Daylight Savings Time. ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Mr. ... A telephone numbering plan is a plan for allocating telephone number ranges to countries, regions, areas and exchanges and to non-fixed telephone networks such as mobile phone networks. ... Area code 303 is the telephone area code serving the state of Colorado. ... Area code 720 is the telephone area code serving the state of Colorado. ... Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) are publicly announced standards developed by the U.S. Federal government for use by all (non-military) government agencies and by government contractors. ... GNIS (The Geographic Names Information System) contains name and locative information about almost two million physical and cultural features located throughout the United States of America and its Territories. ... Signage used for Colorado SH. The top half is the flag of Colorado. ... Image File history File links US_36. ... U.S. Highway 36 is an east-west United States highway that runs for 1,414 miles (2,276 km) from east-central Ohio to Rocky Mountain National Park, Colorado. ... Image File history File links Colorado_7. ... Colorado State Highway 7 is a state highway of the U.S. state of Colorado. ... Image File history File links Colorado_52. ... Image File history File links Colorado_93. ... Image File history File links Colorado_119. ... Image File history File links Colorado_157. ... The 270 active municipalities of the State of Colorado operate under one of five types of municipal governing authority:[1][2] Consolidated City and County – Only Denver and Broomfield have consolidated city and county governments: The City and County of Denver operates under Article XX, Section 4 of the Constitution... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... Boulder County is a county located in the U.S. state of Colorado. ... Official language(s) English Demonym Coloradan Capital Denver Largest city Denver Largest metro area Denver-Aurora Metro Area Area  Ranked 8th in the US  - Total 104,185 sq mi (269,837 km²)  - Width 280 miles (451 km)  - Length 380 miles (612 km)  - % water 0. ... ^ Active Colorado Municipalities as of September 18, 2006 (HTML). ... The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... The Boulder Metropolitan Statistical Area is a United States Census Bureau defined Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) located in the Boulder region of the State of Colorado. ... The University of Colorado at Boulder (CU-Boulder, UCB officially[3]; Colorado and CU colloquially) is the flagship university of the University of Colorado System in Boulder, Colorado. ... Naropa University,, founded in 1974 by Tibetan Buddhist teacher Chögyam Trungpa, is a private liberal arts university in Boulder, Colorado. ... A replica of an ancient statue found among the ruins of a temple at Sarnath Buddhism is a philosophy based on the teachings of the Buddha, Siddhārtha Gautama, a prince of the Shakyas, whose lifetime is traditionally given as 566 to 486 BCE. It had subsequently been accepted by... Cardinal point redirects here. ... Colorado State Capitol Building The Colorado State Capitol Building, located in Denver, Colorado, is the home of the Colorado legislature. ... Nickname: Location of Denver in the State of Colorado Location of Colorado in the United States Coordinates: , Country United States State State of Colorado City and County Denver[1] Founded 1858-11-22, as Denver City, K.T.[2] Incorporated 1861-11-07, as Denver City, C.T.[3] Consolidated...

Contents

Demographics

As of the census[7] of 2000, there are 94,673 people, 39,596 households, and 16,788 families residing in the city. The population density is 1,499.9/km² (3,884.1/sq mi), making Boulder's population density higher than Denver's and among the highest in the state; of Colorado's twenty-one largest cities, only Englewood and Northglenn (two close-in Denver suburbs) have greater population densities. There are 40,726 housing units at an average density of 1,670.8/sq mi (645.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city is 88.33% White, 1.22% Black or African American, 0.48% Native American, 4.02% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 3.50% from other races, and 2.40% from two or more races.20.24% of the population are Hispanic or Latino/Latina of any race. Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ... Nickname: Location of Denver in the State of Colorado Location of Colorado in the United States Coordinates: , Country United States State State of Colorado City and County Denver[1] Founded 1858-11-22, as Denver City, K.T.[2] Incorporated 1861-11-07, as Denver City, C.T.[3] Consolidated... Englewood is a city in Arapahoe County, Colorado, USA. As of 2005, the city is estimated to have a total population of 32,350. ... Northglenn is a city located in Adams County, Colorado. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... Hispanic Americans (Spanish: Hispano Americano) are Americans of Hispanic ethnicity who largely identify with the Hispanic cultural heritage. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ...


There are 39,596 households out of which 20.0% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 33.3% are married couples living together, 6.5% have a female householder with no husband present, and 57.6% are non-families. 33.7% of all households are made up of individuals and 6.2% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.20 and the average family size is 2.84. Matrimony redirects here. ...


Boulder's population is younger than the national average, largely due to the presence of university students. The median age is 29 years compared to the U.S. median of 35.1 years.[8] In Boulder, 14.8% of the residents are under the age of 18, 25.9% from 18 to 24, 33.0% from 25 to 44, 18.4% from 45 to 64, and 7.8% are 65 years of age or older. For every 100 females there are 106.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and older, there are 107.4 males.

The view from Fairview High School in south Boulder.
The view from Fairview High School in south Boulder.

According to a 2006 estimate, the median household income in Boulder is $47,577, and the median family income is $89,184.[9] Males have a median income of $41,829 versus $32,100 for females. The per capita income for the city is $31,539. 17.4% of the population and 6.4% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 10.4% of those under the age of 18 and 6.5% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line. The higher population poverty line is due to the large number of college students living in the area. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2576 × 1932 pixel, file size: 969 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) This is the view from outside the Fairview High School library. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2576 × 1932 pixel, file size: 969 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) This is the view from outside the Fairview High School library. ... Fairview High School is one of three public high schools in Boulder, Colorado. ... The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ... Alternate uses: Student (disambiguation) Etymologically derived through Middle English from the Latin second-type conjugation verb stŭdērĕ, which means to study, a student is one who studies. ...


Boulder housing tends to be priced higher than surrounding areas. For the 2nd quarter of 2006, the median single family home in Boulder sold for $548,000 and the median attached dwelling (condo or town home) sold for $262,000.[1] According to that National Association of Realtors, during the same period the median value of single family homes nationwide was $227,500.[10]


Geography

Boulder's iconic rock formations, the Flatirons.
Boulder's iconic rock formations, the Flatirons.

The City of Boulder is in Boulder Valley where the Rocky Mountains meet the Great Plains. Just west of the city are imposing slabs of sedimentary stone tilted up on the foothills, known as the Flatirons. The Flatirons are a widely recognized symbol of Boulder. The Flatirons on Green Mountain The Flatirons are a rock formation near Boulder, Colorado. ... For individual mountains named Rocky Mountain, see Rocky Mountain (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Great Plains (disambiguation). ... The Flatirons on Green Mountain The Flatirons are a rock formation near Boulder, Colorado. ...


The primary water flow through the city is Boulder Creek. The creek was named well ahead of the city's founding, for all of the large granite boulders that have cascaded into the creek over the eons. It is from Boulder Creek that Boulder City and hence Boulder is believed to have taken its name. Boulder Creek has significant water flow, derived primarily from snow melt and minor springs west of the city. The creek is a tributary of the South Platte River. The South Platte River in Denver, Colorado The South Platte River is one of the two principal tributaries of the Platte River and itself a major river of the American West, located in the U.S. states of Colorado and Nebraska. ...

Kittredge Lake, University of Colorado campus
Kittredge Lake, University of Colorado campus

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 25.4 square miles (65.7 km²). 24.4 square miles (63.1 km²) of it is land and 1.0 square miles (2.6 km²) of it (3.94%) is water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ...


The 40th parallel (40 degrees north latitude) runs though Boulder and can be easily recognized as Baseline Road today.




History

In the early to mid 1800s, the nomadic Southern Arapaho Native American tribe frequently wintered at the base of the foothills in the Boulder area. Chief Niwot and his band called the site their home. Other nomadic tribes included the Utes, Cheyennes, Comanches, and Sioux. Scabby Bull, Arapaho 1806 Arapaho camp, ca. ...


The first recorded European settlers in the area were gold prospectors who arrived in 1858, when Boulder was part of the Nebraska Territory (The former boundary between Nebraska and Kansas territories is the present Baseline Road in Boulder). Boulder's first school house was built in 1860, followed by the creation of the Colorado Territory in 1861. In 1871 then 'Boulder City' was incorporated. In 1873 the railroad was extended to Boulder and, in 1890, the Boulder Railroad Depot was constructed to serve as a station for the Union Pacific Railroad. In 1876 Colorado was granted statehood, and in that same year the University of Colorado at Boulder opened. The Boulder Railroad Depot is a retired train depot in Boulder, Colorado. ... The Union Pacific Railroad (NYSE: UNP) is the largest railroad in the United States. ...


Mining gold, silver, and coal continued to be a prominent part of the local economy until the mid 1900s. A coal miners strike lasted from 1910 to 1915, causing a military presence in nearby Louisville. Mining's relevance in the local economy declined in the 1940s, when the city began actively recruiting clean industry, such as the National Bureau of Standards, which today is the National Institute of Standards and Technology. (Home of the atomic clock.) Louisville (pronounced Lewisville) is a city in Boulder County, Colorado, United States. ... NIST logo The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST, formerly known as The National Bureau of Standards) is a non-regulatory agency of the United States Department of Commerce’s Technology Administration. ... “Nuclear Clock” redirects here. ...


Streetcars operated in Boulder from the late 1800s through 1931. A lobbying group exists today to restore the streetcar to Boulder, albeit with a new route.


Boulder adopted an anti-saloon ordinance in 1907.[11] Statewide prohibition started in Colorado in 1916 and ended with the repeal of national prohibition in 1933.[2] The term Prohibition, also known as A Dry Law, refers to a law in a certain country by which the manufacture, transportation, import, export, and sale of alcoholic beverages is restricted or illegal. ...


Boulder was the second city in the United States to implement the Hare (or Single Transferable Vote) method of voting in 1917. It was repealed in 1947. This STV ballot for the Australian Senate illustrates group voting tickets. ...


On January 19, 1952, the Denver-Boulder Turnpike opened as a tollway between Boulder and the northern Denver suburb of Westminster. In 1967, the bonds for building the highway were paid off early, its tollway status was lifted, and it became part of U.S. Route 36. (Many still refer to the road as the Denver-Boulder Turnpike or simply Boulder Turnpike, however.) [3] is the 19th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1952 (MCMLII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Nickname: Location of Denver in the State of Colorado Location of Colorado in the United States Coordinates: , Country United States State State of Colorado City and County Denver[1] Founded 1858-11-22, as Denver City, K.T.[2] Incorporated 1861-11-07, as Denver City, C.T.[3] Consolidated... Westminster is a city located in both Adams County, Colorado and Jefferson County, Colorado and is a suburb of the city of Denver. ... U.S. Highway 36 is an east-west United States highway that runs for 1,414 miles (2,276 km) from east-central Ohio to Rocky Mountain National Park, Colorado. ...


Further reading: City of Boulder History, Boulder History Museum Timeline


Politics and government

Politically, Boulder is more liberal than most of Colorado. Boulder County, which includes Boulder's more conservative suburbs, is 37% Democratic, 27% Republican, and 36% independent. [4] Although in Denver, Democratic views are prevalent in city politics, Boulder has the more widespread reputation as a pocket of liberal political views within its largely conservative state, garnering the oft-used nickname "The People's Republic of Boulder." Boulder County is a county located in the U.S. state of Colorado. ... Nickname: Location of Denver in the State of Colorado Location of Colorado in the United States Coordinates: , Country United States State State of Colorado City and County Denver[1] Founded 1858-11-22, as Denver City, K.T.[2] Incorporated 1861-11-07, as Denver City, C.T.[3] Consolidated...


In 1974 the Boulder City Council passed Colorado's first ordinance prohibiting discrimination based on sexual orientation. Boulder voters, however, repealed the measure by referendum within a year. In 1975, Boulder County Clerk Clela Rorex was the second in the United States to ever grant same-sex marriage licenses, prior to state laws being passed to prevent such issuance. [5] In 1987, Boulder voters reversed their 1974 vote, and the city became the first in the United States to prohibit discrimination based on sexual orientation by a direct vote of the people. In 1996, Boulder became the first city in Colorado to enact a smoking ban that included bars. Recognized in some regions United States (MA) Foreign marriages recognized Civil unions and registered partnerships Recognized in some regions Argentina (C, R, VCP) Australia (TAS, VIC eff. ... Official language(s) English Demonym Coloradan Capital Denver Largest city Denver Largest metro area Denver-Aurora Metro Area Area  Ranked 8th in the US  - Total 104,185 sq mi (269,837 km²)  - Width 280 miles (451 km)  - Length 380 miles (612 km)  - % water 0. ... No Smoking sign. ...


Coexisting with the liberal tendencies of the population at large are the less numerous but politically active conservative and libertarian residents. Bob Greenlee, a Republican, was briefly the mayor of Boulder and ran against Mark Udall in 1998 for Colorado's 2nd congressional district. The Promise Keepers, an evangelical organization for men, was conceived of in Boulder in 1990 by then-coach of the University of Colorado football team Bill McCartney. The organization has since relocated to Denver.[6] Bob Greenlee was the Republican mayor of Boulder, Colorado from 1983 to 1999. ... Udall poses with an eagle, which was brought to his office to highlight his efforts at protecting the species. ... The 2nd Congressional district of Colorado is located in central Colorado, encompassing areas northwest of Denver, including the city of Boulder. ... Promise Keepers is an international Christian organization for men, based in Denver, Colorado, United States, self-described as a Christ-centered organization dedicated to introducing men to Jesus Christ as their Savior and Lord, helping them to grow as Christians.[1] Promise Keepers promote the view that husbands have a... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Relation to other religions Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Christianity Portal This box:      Evangelicalism is a theological perspective in Protestant Christianity which identifies with the gospel. ... William Paul McCartney (born August 22, 1940 in Riverview,Michigan) is the founder and former president of the controversial international men’s ministry known as the Promise Keepers and was the voice of the radio program 4th and Goal from 2000–2002. ... This article refers to the state capital of Colorado. ...


Culture

Outdoor sports

Hiking trails and rock climbing in Boulder are very popular at Chautauqua park.
Hiking trails and rock climbing in Boulder are very popular at Chautauqua park.

Boulder is surrounded by more than 31,000 acres (125 km²) of recreational open space and nature preserves. There are ample opportunities for hiking, biking and rock climbing. Many of the trails start at the edge of the city, while others are a short drive away. The trails vary in difficulty: some are quite easy while there are some that are technically challenging. A trail map is available online or from a variety of local retailers. The City of Boulder Open Space website is a great resource for information about outdoor activities and volunteer opportunities. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2592x1952, 1675 KB) Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2592x1952, 1675 KB) Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ...


World-class rock climbing is found in nearby Eldorado Canyon, near the small unincorporated community of Eldorado Springs, six miles south of Boulder. Eldorado Canyon is a wonder of natural beauty, but it is most famous for its hundreds of world-renowned rock climbing routes. There are also high quality climbing routes available in the city open space, including climbing routes of varying difficulty on the Flatirons themselves. Boulder Canyon, directly west of downtown Boulder, also has many good routes. All three of these areas are affected by seasonal closures for wildlife. [7] [8], [9] This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Eldorado Springs is a census-designated place located in Boulder County, Colorado. ... The Flatirons on Green Mountain The Flatirons are a rock formation near Boulder, Colorado. ...


Music

Boulder is home to a variety of music, from classical to jazz to pop, and from informal street performances to concert music performed in historic Macky Auditorium.


Founded in 1958, the Boulder Philharmonic Orchestra is a critically acclaimed professional orchestra that offers dynamic programming under the leadership of its Music Director Michael Butterman. [10]. In addition, every year during the second week of January, Boulder is the host city of Colorado MahlerFest, an annual celebration honoring Austrian composer Gustav Mahler, on the University of Colorado at Boulder campus. Each summer features the acclaimed Colorado Music Festival, a six-week classical music festival with professional musicians from around the world, at the historic Chautauqua Auditorium at the base of the Flatirons. Colorado MahlerFest is an annual event held in Boulder, Colorado, which each year celebrates one major symphonic work by Austrian composer Gustav Mahler. ... A composer is a person who writes music. ... Mahler redirects here. ... The University of Colorado at Boulder (CU-Boulder, UCB officially[3]; Colorado and CU colloquially) is the flagship university of the University of Colorado System in Boulder, Colorado. ...

The Boulder Theater is located in downtown Boulder, just off the Pearl Street Mall. Many world-class national and international musicians have played here.
The Boulder Theater is located in downtown Boulder, just off the Pearl Street Mall. Many world-class national and international musicians have played here.

Nick Forster of the bluegrass group Hot Rize tapes the environmental and musical radio program Etown Sunday evenings at the Boulder Theater. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2592x1944, 2035 KB) Taken by myself, Jesse Varner, on 12/25/04 http://www. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2592x1944, 2035 KB) Taken by myself, Jesse Varner, on 12/25/04 http://www. ... Bluegrass music is a form of American roots music. ... Hot Rize is a bluegrass band comprised of Tim OBrien (mandolin, fiddle), Pete Wernick (banjo), Charles Sawtelle (guitar), and Nick Forster (electric bass). ... Etown is a syndicated radio program produced in Boulder, Colorado heard on National Public Radio, community radio stations, and even private radio. ...


On Thursday nights from June through mid-August, street musicians perform on the Pearl Street Mall just south of the Courthouse. Bands on the Bricks, as the event is called, features a different band each week, with styles ranging from zydeco to oldies, and bluegrass to funk. Buskers are frequently in downtown Boulder especially on warm days and weekends. Pearl Street Mall is a four block walking mall in downtown Boulder, Colorado. ... Busking is the practice of doing live performances in public places to entertain people, usually to solicit donations and tips. ...


Singer-songwriter Wendy Woo grew up in Boulder. [11] [12] Jello Biafra of the Dead Kennedys is originally from Boulder, as are The String Cheese Incident, Leftover Salmon, Big Head Todd and the Monsters, Rose Hill Drive and The Samples. Jazz musician Chris Wood of Blue Note Records' Medeski, Martin and Wood grew up in Boulder. Al Jourgensen and Paul Barker of the industrial rock group Ministry went to school in Boulder. Award-winning blues musician Otis Taylor has made his home in Boulder since 1967. Eric Reed Boucher (born June 17, 1958) is more widely known by the stage name Jello Biafra. ... The Dead Kennedys are a hardcore punk band from San Francisco, California. ... Back: Jason Hann, Michael Travis, Billy Nershi, Kieth Moseley Front: Kyle Hollingsworth, Michael Kang The String Cheese Incident, one of the bands involved in the jam movement of the mid-to-late 1990s, formed in Crested Butte, Colorado in 1993, originally playing local gigs at ski resorts in exchange for... Leftover Salmon is a genre-bending band from Boulder, Colorado. ... Big Head Leo & the Monsters is a rock band formed in 1986 in Colorado. ... Rose Hill Drive Rose Hill Drive is a young American rock power trio. ... Autopilot, 1994 album The Samples are a band formed in Boulder, Colorado in early 1987. ... Christopher Barry Wood is the Pasadena, California-born bass player for the avant-garde jazz-funk trio Medeski, Martin & Wood. ... Blue Note Records is a jazz record label, established in 1939 by Alfred Lion and Francis Wolff. ... ... Al Jourgensen (born October 9, 1958 in Havana, Cuba), is an American musician best known as the founder and frontman of the industrial metal band Ministry. ... Ministry is an influential, Grammy-nominated American industrial metal band founded by frontman Al Jourgensen in 1981. ...


The following venues near Boulder host live music:

  • GetBoulder with film, music, etc. from Boulder Magazine
  • Fox Theater - (303) 443-3399 - 1135 13th St, Boulder, CO
  • Albums on the Hill
  • Laughing Goat
  • A Mellow Mood
  • Mountain Sun and Southern Sun
  • Nissi's - 95th & Arapahoe, Lafayette, CO
  • RedFish Brewhouse
  • Rock 'N Soul Cafe

Traditions

Colorado Chautauqua

The Colorado Chautauqua has presented programs every summer since 1898 including lectures, music, cinema, adult education classes, and nondenominational sermons. Its grounds, including the historic Chautauqua Auditorium, are located about one mile southwest of downtown Boulder, just south of the intersection of Ninth Street and Baseline Road. In recent years the Colorado Chautauqua has become a year-round operation. The Colorado Chautauqua, located in Boulder, Colorado, United States, and started in 1898, is the only Chautauqua west of the Mississippi River still continuing in unbroken operation since the heyday of the Chautauqua Movement in the 1920s. ... The Chautauqua Auditorium, located at The Colorado Chautauqua in Boulder, Colorado, was placed on the National Register of Historic Places on March 21, 1978. ... Baseline Road is a major east-west street in Boulder, Colorado that extends east of the city through parts of four counties. ...


Bolder Boulder

Boulder has hosted a 10 km road run, the “Bolder Boulder,” on Memorial Day, every year since 1979. The race involves up to 50,000 runners, joggers, walkers, and wheelchair racers, making it one of the largest road races in the world. It has the largest non-marathon prize purse in road racing [media guide (PDF)]. The race culminates at the University of Colorado's Folsom Field with a Memorial Day Tribute, “one of the largest Memorial Day gatherings in the United States” [13]. Organizers have dedicated three starting waves to current and former members of the U.S. armed forces. The city of Boulder, Colorado has hosted a 10-km road run, the “Bolder Boulder,” on Memorial Day, every year since 1979. ... This article is about the holiday in the United States. ... Modern day marathon runners The word marathon refers to a long-distance road running event of 42. ... The University of Colorado at Boulder (CU-Boulder, UCB officially[3]; Colorado and CU colloquially) is the flagship university of the University of Colorado System in Boulder, Colorado. ... Folsom Field is a stadium in Boulder, Colorado. ...


4/20 at CU

Each year on April 20th thousands of students gather on Norlin Quad (previously held on Farrand Field) to celebrate the counter-culture day of reverence in a display of open marijuana smoking[14]. Police presence has typically been held to a minimum and the event as a whole tends to be relatively well tolerated by the university. However, police and university officials have photographed participants before, at one point offering a $50 reward for identifying people photographed smoking on Farrand Field. 2007's celebration hosted such events as a trampoline and slip-and-slide. Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... Santa Cruz 4/20 celebration at Porter Meadow on UCSC campus in 2007 On April 20th 2007, at 4:20pm PST more than 700 people gathered at City Hall in Victoria, BC to celebrate Victorias 10th annual 4/20 celebration. ... Cannabis, also known as marijuana[1] or ganja (Hindi: गांजा),[2] is a psychoactive product of the plant Cannabis sativa. ...


The University's response to the 2005 demonstration was to run the sprinklers, installed underneath Farrand Field, for most of the day. This led to some students being confronted/restrained by the Police, mostly for stomping in or breaking the sprinklers. However, most students chose to simply watch from the other side of the fence-line that closes off the field from the rest of campus.


April 20th, 2008 marked the largest 4/20 to date; with an estimated 10,000 supporters gathered on Norlin Quad. Norlin is a more suitable field for the event since it is much larger. About 15 police officers attended to maintain a safe environment, and no tickets were issued all day.


Boulder Kinetics

Every year to mark the beginning of Spring, local radio station KBCO and more recently Budweiser beer both sponsor Kinetics, a race from the banks of Boulder Reservoir and back by human-powered vehicles timed on speed and judged for style. The idea for a kinetic sculpture race was imported from Ferndale, California. KBCO is an adult album alternative radio station licensed to Boulder, Colorado and serves the Denver-Boulder area. ... A kinetic sculpture makes the bay crossing Ferndale, California 1969 --- The first Kinetic Sculpture Race happened when local sculptor Hobart Brown improved the appearance of his sons tricycle. ... Ferndale, California Ferndale is a city in Humboldt County, California, United States. ...


The first race in Boulder was held on May 3, 1980. Since then, Kinetics has grown in size and creativity with about 20,000 spectators and dozens of teams.[15]. Since KBCO was joined by co-sponsor Budweiser, many great nationally known live bands have played at Kinetics, making it somewhat of an outdoor music festival on the beach of the Reservoir. People come early equipped with blankets, coolers and lawn chairs. It has become a local tradition signaling the beginning of summer. is the 123rd day of the year (124th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ...


KBCO has decided to suspend Kinetics for 2008, citing decreasing attendance and increasing costs for the last several years. [16]At this point the future of Boulder's Kinetics is uncertain. Many have suggested returning Kinetics to its original form: no mass promotion budgets, no high cost bands - let bands play who want to support the history and heart of Kinetic sculpture racing (who knows? maybe even some big names would show up.) - return to a skeleton budget for safety, and focus on the creativity behind the sculptures, and on having fun.


North Boulder Park Nordic skiing track

When it snows in Boulder, a club of Nordic skiiers from Boulder create a track in North Boulder Park, located about a mile from downtown, and right next to the Boulder Community Hospital. Many residents of Boulder go to ski in this track. The track remained for an astonishing month and a half during the snowstorms of 2006–2007. Nordic skiing is a winter sport that encompasses all types of skiing where the heel of the boot cannot be fixed to the ski. ... // The Holiday Blizzard I was an intense blizzard that covered the Colorado Front Range, the Colorado Eastern Plains and surrounding states. ...


University of Colorado Events

The Colorado Shakespeare Festival is a summer festival of Shakespeare held at the outdoor Mary Rippon Theater on the University of Colorado campus. The Colorado Shakespeare Festival is an outdoor Shakespeare Festival each summer at the Mary Rippon Theater at the University of Colorado in Boulder, Colorado. ... The Colorado Shakespeare Festival is an outdoor Shakespeare Festival each summer at the Mary Rippon Theater at the University of Colorado in Boulder, Colorado. ... Shakespeare redirects here. ... The Mary Rippon Theater is an outdoor theater at the University of Colorado, Boulder, and the site of many cultural events, notably of the Colorado Shakespeare Festival. ... The University of Colorado at Boulder (CU-Boulder, UCB officially[3]; Colorado and CU colloquially) is the flagship university of the University of Colorado System in Boulder, Colorado. ...

The Conference on World Affairs is an annual one-week conference featuring dozens of discussion panels on a variety of contemporary issues. Roger Ebert attends the conference every year and conducts his "Cinema Interruptus" lecture, spending many hours over a number of days closely analyzing one film. It was at the conference in 1996 that Ebert created the Boulder Pledge not to purchase anything offered through email spam. [17] The Conference on World Affairs takes place yearly in Boulder, Colorado, and was founded in 1948, originally as a forum on international affairs (according to their site). ... The Conference on World Affairs takes place yearly in Boulder, Colorado, and was founded in 1948, originally as a forum on international affairs (according to their site). ... Roger Joseph Ebert (born June 18, 1942) is a Pulitzer Prize-winning American film critic. ... The Boulder Pledge Under no circumstances will I ever purchase anything offered to me as the result of an unsolicited e-mail message. ...

Considered one of the top comprehensive university museums of natural history in the U.S., the University of Colorado Museum of Natural History, located on the University's Boulder campus, contains over four million biology, anthropology, and geology/paleontology research specimens. The Museum also sponsors lectures, classes, tours, and workshops for all ages and interests. Exhibits include fossils, animals of Colorado and the Rocky Mountain region, and ancient Southwestern cultures. With more than four million artifacts and specimens in the areas of Anthropology, Botany, Entomology, Paleontology, and Zoology, the University of Colorado Museum of Natural History houses one of the most extensive and respected natural history collections in the Rocky Mountain and Plains regions, making it one of the top... With more than four million artifacts and specimens in the areas of Anthropology, Botany, Entomology, Paleontology, and Zoology, the University of Colorado Museum of Natural History houses one of the most extensive and respected natural history collections in the Rocky Mountain and Plains regions, making it one of the top...

  • Hiking Club

The Hiking Club at the University of Colorado at Boulder is the longest-running student organization on campus, organizes member-run trips throughout Colorado and the Rocky Mountain Region for university students and affiliates. The University of Colorado at Boulder (CU-Boulder, UCB officially[3]; Colorado and CU colloquially) is the flagship university of the University of Colorado System in Boulder, Colorado. ...


Happy Thursday Cruiser Ride

Every Thursday, a group of cruiser bike riders meet to ride their cycles on various streets, alleys and bike paths in an outpouring of creativity and love for bicycles, shouting "Happy Thursday!" to onlookers. Many dress up in costume for the occasion, and some also decorate and accessorize their cycles for the event. The number of participants varies greatly from week to week, peaking in the summer months of well over 500 riders; only a small group of 'Cold Weather Cruisers' ride during the colder months. [18] [19]


Schools, University

Buildings in CU, Boulder
Buildings in CU, Boulder

Public schools

The Boulder Valley School District (BVSD) administers the public school system in Boulder, and also in the neighboring cities and towns of Lafayette, Louisville, and Nederland. The two largest high schools (grades 9–12) in Boulder are Boulder High School and Fairview High School, both part of BVSD. The District also operates the smaller New Vista High School in the building formerly occupied by Base Line Middle School. The Boulder Valley School District is the local school district for Boulder, Colorado. ... Lafayette is a city in Boulder County, Colorado, United States. ... Louisville (pronounced Lewisville) is a city in Boulder County, Colorado, United States. ... High school, or secondary school, is the last segment of compulsory education in Hong Kong, United States, Australia, Canada, China, Korea and Japan. ... // Boulder High School was founded in 1875 as part of the University of Colorado (as a preparatory school for the university), making it the first high school in Colorado - hence the slogan, Still the First. ... Fairview High School is one of three public high schools in Boulder, Colorado. ... // New Vista is a small school located on the corner of 20th and Baseline in Boulder Colorado. ...


Boulder Valley administers several middle schools (grades 6–8) in Boulder, including Southern Hills Middle School. BVSD elementary schools (grades K–5) in Boulder include University Hill Elementary School and a number of others. Middle school and junior high school cover a period of education that straddles primary education and secondary education and serve as a bridge between them. ... Primary or elementary education is the first years of formal, structured education that occurs during childhood. ...


A small portion of Boulder's Gunbarrel subdivision (north of Lookout Road) is served by the St. Vrain Valley School District (SVVSD). These students attend Niwot High School and Niwot Elementary School in the nearby community of Niwot. Middle school students take a longer commute to Sunset Middle School in Longmont. SVVSD also has charter schools available to Boulder residents living in the district. Gunbarrel is a census-designated place located in Boulder County, Colorado. ... Niwot High School (NHS) is a public high school, located on Niwot Road in Niwot, Colorado under the jurisdiction of the St. ... Niwot is a city located in Boulder County, Colorado. ... The City of Longmont is a home rule municipality located in Boulder County and Weld County, Colorado, United States. ...


Charter schools

Charter schools (receiving public funding but under private management) within the city of Boulder include Boulder Preparatory High School (9–12), Summit Middle School (6–8), Horizons Alternative School (K–8), and Justice High School (9–12). The last is unusual in that it is operated in rented space in the Boulder County Justice Center, which also houses courtrooms, the sheriff's office, and the coroner's office. In the United States, a charter school is a school that is created via a legal charter. ...


Private schools

A variety of private high schools, middle schools and elementary schools operate in and near Boulder. Well known private schools in the Boulder area are Bixby School (K–5), September School [20] (9-12), Jarrow Montessori School (K-6, the oldest Montessori school in Colorado), Bridge School (6–12), and Shining Mountain Waldorf School (K–12) in Boulder, Alexander Dawson School (K–12) in Lafayette, and Rocky Mountain School for the Gifted and Creative (K–8) in Gunbarrel. Gunbarrel is a census-designated place located in Boulder County, Colorado. ...


Colleges, universities, science institutes

  • University of Colorado at Boulder, public university which contributes roughly 46,000 residents (30,000 undergraduate students, 6,000 graduate students and 10,000 staff/faculty) to the population.
Looking down on the University of Colorado campus
Looking down on the University of Colorado campus

The University of Colorado at Boulder (CU-Boulder, UCB officially[3]; Colorado and CU colloquially) is the flagship university of the University of Colorado System in Boulder, Colorado. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (3072x936, 627 KB) Summary The CU Boulder campus viewed from Enchanted Mesa. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (3072x936, 627 KB) Summary The CU Boulder campus viewed from Enchanted Mesa. ...

Private schools

  • Naropa University private Buddhist university
  • Rivendell College private Christian Liberal Arts College -- http://www.rivendellcollege.org
  • Boulder College of Massage Therapy -- http://www.bcmt.org
  • Ruseto College private two-year college for Acupuncture and Chinese Medicine -- http://www.ruseto.com
  • Southwest Acupuncture College private 2-3 year college -- http://www.acupuncturecollege.edu
  • Culinary School of the Rockies -- http://www.culinaryschoolrockies.com
  • Homeopathy School of Colorado -- http://www.homeopathyschool.org

Naropa University,, founded in 1974 by Tibetan Buddhist teacher Chögyam Trungpa, is a private liberal arts university in Boulder, Colorado. ...

Science institutes

The Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences (CIRES) is a research institute that is sponsored jointly by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)/Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research (OAR) and the University of Colorado at Boulder. ... JILA, formerly known as the Joint Institute for Laboratory Astrophysics, is one of the leading physical science research institutes in the United States. ... The Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics (LASP) is a research organization at the University of Colorado at Boulder. ... NCAR, Boulder, Colorado National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) is a U.S.-based institute whose stated mission is: NCARs flagship Mesa Laboratory is located in the outskirts of Boulder, Colorado, in a dramatic complex of buildings designed by architect I.M. Pei. ... UCAR is a nonprofit corporation formed in 1959 by research institutions with doctoral programs in the atmospheric and related sciences. ... NIST logo The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST, formerly known as The National Bureau of Standards) is a non-regulatory agency of the United States Department of Commerce’s Technology Administration. ... The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) is a scientific agency of the United States Department of Commerce focused on the conditions of the oceans and the atmosphere. ... The National Snow and Ice Data Center, or NSIDC, is a United States information and referral center in support of polar and cryospheric research. ... Southwest Research Institute (SwRI) is an independent, nonprofit applied research and development organization. ... The Space Science Institute (SSI) in Boulder, Colorado, is a nonprofit, public benefit corporation dedicated to research and education in planetary science and astrophysics. ... For individual mountains named Rocky Mountain, see Rocky Mountain (disambiguation). ... The University of Colorado at Boulder (CU-Boulder, UCB officially[3]; Colorado and CU colloquially) is the flagship university of the University of Colorado System in Boulder, Colorado. ...

Economy and industry

Major employers in and near Boulder include: [21] [22]

The University of Colorado at Boulder (CU-Boulder, UCB officially[3]; Colorado and CU colloquially) is the flagship university of the University of Colorado System in Boulder, Colorado. ... Sun Microsystems, Inc. ... For other uses, see IBM (disambiguation) and Big Blue. ... Ball Aerospace & Technologies Corp. ... Not to be confused with L-3 Communications, a communications system company formed from the assets of the former Loral and Lockheed corporations before their merger. ... NIST logo The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST, formerly known as The National Bureau of Standards) is a non-regulatory agency of the United States Department of Commerce’s Technology Administration. ... The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) is a scientific agency of the United States Department of Commerce focused on the conditions of the oceans and the atmosphere. ... NCAR, Boulder, Colorado National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) is a U.S.-based institute whose stated mission is: NCARs flagship Mesa Laboratory is located in the outskirts of Boulder, Colorado, in a dramatic complex of buildings designed by architect I.M. Pei. ... Tyco Healthcare was the former healthcare division of Tyco International Ltd. ... Medtronic, Inc. ... OSI is primarily used as an abbreviation and has many meanings: OSI Pharmaceuticals, an American pharmaceutical company OSI Restaurant Partners, the restaurant and entertainment group that includes Outback Steakhouse OSI Systems a company that manufactures security scanners and medical equipment based in California Olomouc Summer Institute, an educational program for... Amgen Inc. ... Lockheed/BAE/Northrop F-35 Lockheed Trident missile C-130 Hercules; in production since the 1950s, now as the C-130J Lockheed Martin (NYSE: LMT) is an aerospace manufacturer formed in 1995 by the merger of Lockheed Corporation with Martin Marietta. ... Celestial Seasonings is a tea company based in Boulder, Colorado, United States that specializes in herbal tea but also sells green and black tea (as well as white and oolong blends). ... An advertising firm responsible for the VDub commercials, Burger Kings snake commercial, and 2007 Ask. ... Crocs Inc. ...

Transportation

Boulder has an extensive bus system operated by RTD, the Regional Transportation District. Local routes run throughout the city. Routes such as the HOP, SKIP, BOUND, JUMP and DASH run on a frequent basis, with departures as frequent as every ten minutes during peak hours, Monday-Friday. Other routes, such as the 201, 203, 204, 205, 206, 208 and 209 serve the rest of the city, with departures every 15 to 30 minutes. Regional routes, traveling to nearby cities such as Longmont, Broomfield, and Denver, as well as Denver International Airport, are also available. Route, schedule and fare information is available on the Regional Transportation District's website at http://www.rtd-denver.com/, or by calling their Telephone Information Center at 303-299-6000. The Regional Transportation District, or RTD, was organized in 1969 and is the regional authority operating public transit services in eight of the twelve counties in the Denver-Aurora-Boulder Combined Statistical Area in Colorado. ...


Beginning in 2014, commuter rail will travel between Longmont, Boulder and Denver, with stops in major communities along the way. This commuter rail line is funded by FasTracks, a transit improvement plan funded by a 0.4% increase in the sales tax throughout the Denver metro area. Other corridors included in the plan include light rail and commuter rail to Denver International Airport, Golden, Thornton, Lakewood, and Aurora. RTD, the developer of FasTracks, and the City of Boulder are planning a transit-oriented development near the intersection of Pearl and 33rd Streets to accommodate a Boulder Fastracks station. The development may feature the relocated Boulder Railroad Depot, which may be returned to a transit-related use. FasTracks is a 12-year, $4. ... The Regional Transportation District, or RTD, was organized in 1969 and is the regional authority operating public transit services in eight of the twelve counties in the Denver-Aurora-Boulder Combined Statistical Area in Colorado. ... The Boulder Railroad Depot is a retired train depot in Boulder, Colorado. ...


Boulder also has an extensive network of bicycle and pedestrian pathways. In addition, over one hundred miles of hiking trails exist in the mountains west of Boulder


Growth management

Government preservation of open space around Boulder began with the Congress of the United States approving the allocation of 1,800 acres (7.3 km²) of mountain backdrop/watershed extending from South Boulder Creek to Sunshine Canyon in 1899. Congress in Joint Session. ...


Since then, Boulder has adopted a policy of controlled urban expansion. In 1959, city voters approved the "Blue Line" city-charter amendment which restricted city water service to altitudes below 5750 feet, in an effort to protect the mountain backdrop from development. In 1967, city voters approved a dedicated sales tax for the acquisition of open space in an effort to contain urban sprawl. In 1970, Boulder created a "comprehensive plan" that would dictate future zoning, transportation, and urban-planning decisions. Hoping to preserve residents' views of the mountains, in 1972, the city enacted an ordinance limiting the height of newly constructed buildings. A Historic-Preservation Code was passed in 1974, and a residential-growth management ordinance (the Danish Plan) in 1976. [27] [28] Urban sprawl, also known as suburban sprawl, is the spreading out of a city and its suburbs over rural land at the fringe of an urban area. ...


Controversy

Boulder's efforts to contain urban growth have at times been controversial.[citation needed]

  • Some[specify] argue that the city's greenbelt of open space has had the opposite effect on sprawl that was intended, pushing growth away from the city and thus spreading it out more, rather than containing it.
  • The city's acquisition of open space has occasionally invoked eminent domain, leading some[specify] property owners to argue that their property rights are being violated.
  • Due to the limits on residential growth imposed by the Danish Plan, Boulder's jobs-housing ratio has become increasingly unbalanced as time goes by. As job growth continues but residential growth is limited more and more workers must commute into Boulder from miles away.
  • Also due partially to the limits on residential growth, the cost of housing in Boulder is higher than in comparable communities, leading to a shortage of affordable housing.[citation needed]

Eminent domain (United States), compulsory purchase (United Kingdom, New Zealand, Republic of Ireland), resumption/compulsory acquisition (Australia) or expropriation (Canada, South Africa) in common law legal systems is the inherent power of the state to seize a citizens private property, expropriate property, or rights in property, without the owner... This page deals with property as ownership rights. ...

Wildlife protection

Prairie Dogs enjoy special protection in Boulder.
Prairie Dogs enjoy special protection in Boulder.

The City of Boulder has created an Urban Wildlife Management Plan which sets policies for managing and protecting urban wildlife.[29] Also, the city's parks department has a Conservation Team which monitors parks (including wetlands, lakes, etc) to protect ecosystems.[30] From time to time, parks and hiking trails are closed to conserve or restore ecosystems.[31] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...


Traditionally, Boulder has avoided the use of chemical pesticides for controlling the insect population. However, with the threat of West Nile Virus, the city began an integrative plan to control the mosquito population in 2003 that includes chemical pesticides. Residents can opt-out of the program by contacting the city and asking that their areas not be sprayed.[32] the plane is spreading pesticide. ... West Nile virus (WNV) is a virus of the family Flaviviridae; part of the Japanese encephalitis (JE) antigenic complex of viruses, it is found in both tropical and temperate regions. ...


Under Boulder law, extermination of prairie dogs requires a permit. [33] Species Cynomys gunnisoni Cynomys leucurus Cynomys ludovicianus Cynomys mexicanus Cynomys parvidens Prairie dogs are small stout-bodied burrowing rodents with shallow cheek pouches native to both North and Central America. ...


Also in 2005, the city experimented with using goats for weed control in environmentally sensitive areas. Goats naturally consume diffuse knapweed and Canada thistle, and although the program was not as effective as it was hoped, goats will still be considered in the future weed control projects.[34] This article is about the domestic species. ... Categories: Plant stubs | Asteraceae ... Binomial name Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop. ...


Media

Boulder's main daily newspaper as of 2006, the Daily Camera, was started in 1880 as the Boulder Camera and became a daily newspaper the following year. Colorado Daily was started in 1892 as a university newspaper for CU-Boulder. Following many heated controversies over Colorado Daily's political coverage, it severed its ties to the university in 1971. Newspaper conglomerate Scripps acquired the Colorado Daily in 2005 after its acquisition of the Camera in 1997, leaving the Boulder Weekly as the only locally owned newspaper in Boulder. The Daily Camera is a daily newspaper in Boulder, Colorado. ... The Colorado Daily (first printed September 13, 1892) began as a student newspaper at the University of Colorado, but was banned from the campus in the spring of 1970 and became a community newspaper for residents of Boulder, Colorado. ... The Colorado Daily (first printed September 13, 1892) began as a student newspaper at the University of Colorado, but was banned from the campus in the spring of 1970 and became a community newspaper for residents of Boulder, Colorado. ... Scripps Center, the corporate headquarters in Cincinnati, Ohio. ... The Colorado Daily (first printed September 13, 1892) began as a student newspaper at the University of Colorado, but was banned from the campus in the spring of 1970 and became a community newspaper for residents of Boulder, Colorado. ... The Boulder Weekly is an independent weekly newspaper covering topics of interest to people living in Boulder, Colorado and surrounding areas. ...


Non-profit radio station KGNU was founded in 1975 and commercial music station KBCO in 1977. KVCU, better known as Radio 1190, is another non-profit radio station run with the help of university-student volunteers. KGNU logo KGNU is an independent, noncommercial, community radio station for Boulder and Denver, Colorado, USA. It broadcasts at 88. ... KBCO is an adult album alternative radio station licensed to Boulder, Colorado and serves the Denver-Boulder area. ... KVCU AM-1190, popularly known as Radio 1190 is a college radio station affiliated with the University of Colorado at Boulder. ...


Boulder is part of the Denver market for television stations, and it also receives many radio stations based in Denver or Ft. Collins. This article refers to the state capital of Colorado. ... Horsetooth Rock, atop Horsetooth Mountain, is often used as a symbol of Fort Collins Fort Collins, situated on the Cache la Poudre River, is the largest city and county seat of Larimer County, Colorado. ...


Paladin Press book/video publishers and Soldier of Fortune magazine both have their headquarters in Boulder.[35][36] Paladin Press was founded in September 1970 by Peder Lund and Robert K. Brown. In 1974, Lund bought out Brown's share of the press, and Brown moved on to found Soldier of Fortune magazine the following year.[37] Paladin Press Publishers of the Action Library, is a book publishing firm founded in 1970 by Peder Lund and Robert K. Brown. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Instituted in 1978, Boulder Magazine is a full-color, seasonal magazine that covers local events, outdoor activities and Boulder culture.


Boulder was one of the few cities in the U.S. to have a sustained underground (pirate) FM radio station. Called KBFR (Boulder Free Radio) it operated at 95.3FM and streamed live on the internet at www.kbfr.org. It was operated from April of 2000 to Jan of 2005 when its founders, under pressure from the FCC, took it off the air. At its peak it had over 50 DJ's and was listened to regularly by a significant percentage of the Boulder population and had an international following via the Internet.

View of Boulder from Bear Peak, the second highest point in the Boulder Mountain Parks. University of Colorado at the far left.
View of Boulder from Bear Peak, the second highest point in the Boulder Mountain Parks. University of Colorado at the far left.
  • #1 in "The Smartest Cities In America" - Forbes, February, 2008
  • #1 in "20 Dream Towns" - Outside Magazine, August, 2006
  • #3 in Top 10 Brainiest Small Cities - Bizjournals.com, June, 2006
  • #1 Best of the Best - Men's Journal, April 2006
  • #1 Place You Dream of Living - Backpacker Magazine, February, 2006
  • Best Place in the Country for Singles (Denver-Boulder) - Forbes: 2006, 2004, 2003
  • #1 Best Place to Live Successful Meetings: 2005
  • The West’s Best City - Sunset Magazine: 2005
  • #1 Best Places to Live - Men’s Journal Magazine: 2005, 2003
  • #1 Top 20 Boom Towns - Business 2.0: 2004
  • Colorado’s Best Workplaces for Commuters - United States EPA: 2004
  • The Best Small Cities - Men’s Journal: 2004
  • Best Place to Move (Boulder-Longmont) - Worldwide ERC and Primacy Relocation: 2004
  • Best Places to Retire - Money Magazine: 2002
  • #4 Best Places for Businesses and Career Advancement - Forbes: 2000
  • #1 Best Places to Retire - Modern Maturity: 2000
  • America’s Best Places to Live and Work - USA Today: 1999
  • Best Cities in America for Starting and Growing a Business - Inc. Magazine: 1999
  • Best Transportation - Sunset Magazine: 1999
  • Small City Runner Up: Best Places to Live 2000 - Money Magazine: 1999
  • Top 10 Cities for Teens - Seventeen Magazine, 1999

Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (2,032 × 1,524 pixels, file size: 929 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) View of Boulder from Bear Peak. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (2,032 × 1,524 pixels, file size: 929 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) View of Boulder from Bear Peak. ...

People

Notable births in Boulder include: Scott Carpenter (Project Mercury astronaut), Arleigh Burke (United States Navy Admiral, Chief of Naval Operations), Kristin Davis (Sex and the City actress), Tony Boselli (five-time Pro Bowl offensive tackle), and Dead Kennedys frontman Jello Biafra. Astronaut M. Scott Carpenter inspects the heat shield of his Aurora 7 space capsule Malcolm Scott Carpenter (born May 1, 1925) was one of the original seven astronauts selected in 1959 for Project Mercury. ... Project Mercury was the first human spaceflight program of the United States. ... For other uses, see Astronaut (disambiguation). ... Admiral Arleigh Burke in 1951 Arleigh Albert Burke (October 19, 1901 _ January 1, 1996), an Admiral of the United States Navy during World War II and the Korean War, was born far from the sea in Boulder, Colorado. ... USN redirects here. ... For other uses, see Admiral (disambiguation). ... The Chief of Naval Operations (CNO) is the senior military officer in the United States Navy. ... Kristin Landen Davis (also listed as Kristin Lee Davis) (born February 23 or February 24,[1] 1965 depending on the source) is an American Golden Globe and Emmy award-nominated actress best known for the role of Charlotte York on HBOs Sex and the City. ... This article is about the television series. ... Don Anthony Tony Boselli, Jr. ... In professional American football, the Pro Bowl is the all-star game of the National Football League (NFL). ... A diagram of the linemen, with defensive linemen (in 4-3 formation) in red and offensive linemen in green. ... The Dead Kennedys are a hardcore punk band from San Francisco, California. ... Eric Reed Boucher (born June 17, 1958) is more widely known by the stage name Jello Biafra. ...


Chief Niwot or Left Hand, a tribal leader of the Arapaho, lived at the site of Boulder. He and many of his people died in the Sand Creek Massacre. Scabby Bull, Arapaho 1806 Arapaho camp, ca. ... Combatants United States of America Cheyenne, Arapaho Commanders John M. Chivington Black Kettle Strength 800 soldiers 500, mostly elderly, women and children Casualties 15 killed, 50 wounded 150-184 killed The Sand Creek massacre (also known as the Chivington massacre or the Battle of Sand Creek) was an incident in...


Experimental filmmaker Stan Brakhage (d. 2003) lived near Boulder from the mid-1960s until 2002, and taught several film courses at CU-Boulder. Allen Ginsberg (d.1997) and Anne Waldman helped to found the Jack Kerouac School of Disembodied Poetics at Naropa University in Boulder. Stan Brakhage (1933-2003) Stan Brakhage (January 14, 1933 – March 9, 2003) was an American non-narrative filmmaker. ... Irwin Allen Ginsberg (IPA: ) (June 3, 1926 – April 5, 1997) was an American poet. ... Anne Waldman (born April 2, 1945) is an American poet. ... Naropa University,, founded in 1974 by Tibetan Buddhist teacher Chögyam Trungpa, is a private liberal arts university in Boulder, Colorado. ...


George Gamow, theoretical physicist and cosmologist, discoverer of quantum tunnelling, worked at the University of Colorado at Boulder from 1956 until his death in 1968. and was buried in Green Mountain Cemetery. The tallest building on the main campus of the University is named the Gamow Tower in his honor. In 1956, he was awarded the Kalinga Prize by UNESCO for his work in popularizing science with his Mr. Tompkins... series of books (1939–1967), One Two Three ... Infinity, and other works. George Gamow (pronounced GAM-off) (March 4, 1904 – August 19, 1968) , born Georgiy Antonovich Gamov (Георгий Антонович Гамов) was a Ukrainian born physicist and cosmologist. ... In quantum mechanics, quantum tunnelling is a micro and nanoscopic phenomenon in which a particle violates principles of classical mechanics by penetrating or passing through a potential barrier or impedance higher than the kinetic energy of the particle. ... The University of Colorado at Boulder (CU-Boulder, UCB officially[3]; Colorado and CU colloquially) is the flagship university of the University of Colorado System in Boulder, Colorado. ... The Kalinga Prize for the Popularization of Science is an award given by UNESCO for people recognized for their efforts in presenting scientific ideas to lay people. ... UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... The eponymous character of Mr. ...


Notable Boulder residents include Albert Bartlett, emeritus professor of physics and frequent lecturer on the dangers of compound growth, and also one of the principal backers of the Blue Line [38] in the late 1950s. Boulder is also home to Paul Danish, author of the Danish Plan [39] of residential growth control and editor and publisher of the former weekly Boulder County newspaper Town and Country Review. Jon Krakauer, bestselling author, known for his Mount Everest exposé Into Thin Air, lives in Boulder. Albert A. Bartlett is a retired Emeritus Professor of Physics University of Colorado, Boulder, USA. Professor Bartlett has lectured over 1,500 times on Arithmetic, Population, and Energy. He has famously stated that The greatest shortcoming of the human race is our inability to understand the exponential function. ... Jon Krakauer Jon Krakauer (born April 12, 1954), is an American non-fiction author and mountaineer, well-known for outdoor and mountain-climbing writing. ... Into Thin Air: A Personal Account of the Mt. ...


Nobel prize winners and University professors Eric Cornell, and Thomas Cech live in Boulder. John L. Hall, Nobel prize winner, NIST senior fellow and Lecturer at the University of Colorado lives in Boulder. University professor Michael Tracey lives in Boulder. Eric Allin Cornell (born December 19, 1961) is a physicist who, along with Carl E. Wieman, was able to synthesize Bose-Einstein condensate in 1995. ... Thomas R. Cech was born on December 8, 1947 in Chicago. ... John L. Hall (born 1934) is a JILA (formerly known as the Joint Institute for Laboratory Astrophysics) fellow and Physics lecturer at the University of Colorado at Boulder Physics department. ... Michael Tracey is a professor of journalism at the University of Colorado, who has gained noteriety for his controversial opinions about the unsolved murder of JonBenét Ramsey. ...


Jazz musician Chris Wood of Blue Note Records' Medeski, Martin and Wood grew up in Boulder. Musician Stuart Davis, originally from Minnesota, lives in Boulder. Otis Taylor is a Boulder blues musician who plays electric banjo, a Grammy award winner. Christopher Barry Wood is the Pasadena, California-born bass player for the avant-garde jazz-funk trio Medeski, Martin & Wood. ... Blue Note Records is a jazz record label, established in 1939 by Alfred Lion and Francis Wolff. ... ... Stuart Davis performing (with Chad Phillips on bass guitar) at the 2005 Boulder Creek Festival in Boulder, Colorado Stuart Davis (born on January 11, 1971 in Des Moines, Iowa, USA) is a contemporary American musician and songwriter from Minnesota. ... Capital Saint Paul Largest city Minneapolis Largest metro area Minneapolis-St. ...


Actress Jessica Biel from the TV show 7th Heaven was raised in Boulder. Actress Sheryl Lee who is best known for playing the role of Laura Palmer in David Lynch's Twin Peaks was born in Boulder and began acting with a role in a Fairview High School play. Actresses Sheree J. Wilson and Joan Van Ark grew up in Boulder. Jessica Claire Biel (born March 3, 1982) is an American actress and former fashion model best known for appearing in several Hollywood films such as Summer Catch, the remake of The Texas Chainsaw Massacre, and The Illusionist, as well as for her early television role of Mary Camden in the... This article is about the TV program. ... Sheryl Lee (born April 22, 1967 in Augsburg, Bavaria, Germany) is an American actress, best known for playing Laura Palmer and Madeleine Ferguson on the cult TV series Twin Peaks and its prequel Twin Peaks: Fire Walk With Me, for her roles in Vampires and Kingpin, and for portraying photographer... For other persons named David Lynch, see David Lynch (disambiguation). ... For the hills in San Francisco, see Twin Peaks, San Francisco, California. ... Fairview High School is one of three public high schools in Boulder, Colorado. ... Sheree J. Wilson (born December 12, 1958) is an American actress, best remembered for her roles as April Stevens Ewing on Dallas from 1986 to 1991, and as Alex Cahill on Walker, Texas Ranger from 1993 to 2001. ... Joan Van Ark (born June 16, 1943 in New York, New York, sometime credited as Joan Van Arc) is an actress who is best known for playing Larry Hagmans troubling sister-in-law and Michele Lees neighbor and best friend, Valene (Val) Clements Ewing Gibson Waleska Ewing on...


Boulder was also the home of JonBenét Ramsey when she was murdered, late on December 25 or early on December 26, in 1996. The body of the six-year-old was found on December 26 in the basement of her home on 15th Street. So far, the case remains unsolved. JonBenét Patricia Ramsey (August 6, 1990—December 25, 1996) was an American girl made famous by her mysterious Christmastime murder and subsequent media coverage. ... is the 359th day of the year (360th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 360th day of the year (361st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 360th day of the year (361st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


The professional wrestler Big Van Vader (Leon White) was born in Boulder, was an offensive lineman for the Colorado Buffaloes football team in the 1970s, [40] and sometimes wore a CU T-shirt when he came to the ring in street clothes. For the football player of the same name see Leon White (football player). ... Mike Bohn at the 2005 Spring Practice game. ...


Screenwriter and filmmaker John August (Go, Charlie's Angels) is also originally from Boulder, and often talks of it fondly on his blog.


Erin Viner (nee Luckow), Anchor / Correspondent for the IBA News English Television News from Israel, was raised in Boulder, and the Female President at Boulder High School. Erin delivered the keynote speech at the 2007 Boulder High Commencement Address (her 30th graduation anniversary), whereupon she delivered scathing commentary regarding the current controversy over the Bill O'Reilly / Dan Caplis condemnation of the World Conference of World Affairs.


Climate

Colorado Ave, Boulder
Colorado Ave, Boulder

Boulder lies in a wide basin beneath Flagstaff Mountain just a few miles east of the continental divide and about 30 miles west of Denver. The large Arapahoe glacier provides water for a number of mountain streams that pass through Boulder, including Boulder Creek, which flows through the center of the city. The climate in Boulder is typically mild with dry, moderate summers and relatively comfortable winters. The city boasts more than 300 sunny days each year. Nearby mountains shield Boulder from the most severe winter storms. Most precipitation occurs during the winter and spring months, with snowfall averaging 83.1 inches. Boulder's winters are quite mild, and although large amounts of snow can fall, the effects of orographic lift usually dry out the air passing over the Front Range, shadowing the city from precipitation for much of the season. The coldest temperatures usually occur overnight due to Boulder's "High-Desert" climate. Additionally, warm chinook winds occur as air passing over the mountains heats as it descends, in addition to the sunshine, quickly melting snow accumulations and making Boulder's winters very mild.


Average Temperatures: January, High 46.8°F; July, High 83.2°F; annual average, 59.8°F


Shopping

One of the most popular sections of Boulder that is home to numerous shops and restaurants is the famous Pearl Street Mall. This four-block pedestrian mall is a social hotspot in Boulder, with dozens of restaurants of all kinds and specialty stores that include artisan shops and unique gadget shops. In the summer and on weekends, many street shows and acts can be found throughout the mall, along with street vendors and henna tattoo artists. Pearl Street Mall is a four block walking mall in downtown Boulder, Colorado. ...


Boulder's traditional Downtown area, including the Pearl Street Mall, is in the western part of present-day Boulder. During the 1950s and 1960s, the city grew to the east, while the west side was (and is) bounded by the mountain front. Downtown is host to a variety of restaurants, bars, and boutique stores. However, it has few grocery, hardware, or department stores and is therefore more of a "shopping destination" than a neighborhood with stores supporting the local population. Pearl Street Mall is a four block walking mall in downtown Boulder, Colorado. ...


The Twenty Ninth Street retail district opened in October 2006, located in central Boulder on the site of the former Crossroads Mall, east of Downtown. Twenty Ninth Street is a retail district in Boulder, Colorado managed by The Macerich Company that opened in October of 2006 on the former site of Crossroads Mall. ...


Near the Pearl Street Mall the Farmers' Market opens every Saturday morning and Wednesday evening, April through October on 13th Street next to Central Park. The market was started in 1986 by regional farmers.[41] Pearl Street Mall is a four block walking mall in downtown Boulder, Colorado. ... For the free-jazz group, see Farmers Market (band). ...


Sister cities

Boulder has six official sister cities: Sister Cities International is a non-profit organization dedicated to promoting and fostering town twinning, especially between cities in the United States and cities in other countries. ...

Dushanbe presented its distinctive Dushanbe Tea House as a gift to Boulder in 1987. It was completed in Tajikistan in 1990, then shipped to Boulder where it was reassembled and opened to the public in 1998 [42]. More information about Boulder's sister city relationships can be found at Boulder's official website. Image File history File links Flag_of_Tajikistan. ... Location of Dushanbe in Tajikistan Coordinates: , Country Government  - Mayor Mahmadsaid Ubaydulloyev Area  - Total 100 km² (38. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Nicaragua. ... Jalapa is a municipality in the Nueva Segovia department of Nicaragua. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... For other uses, see Lhasa (disambiguation). ... This article is about the administrative region of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mexico. ... Ciudad Mante is a town in the Tamaulipas State, Mexico. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... This article is about the city in Yamagata Prefecture, Japan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Cuba. ... Yateras is a municipality in the Guantánamo Province of Cuba. ...


In popular culture

1619 Pine Street was used for the external shots of Mindy's house on the TV show Mork & Mindy.
1619 Pine Street was used for the external shots of Mindy's house on the TV show Mork & Mindy.

Boulder was a setting for Stephen King's book The Stand (1978). Boulder is the gathering point for the survivors of the superflu under their leader, Mother Abagail. King lived in Boulder for a little less than a year, beginning in the fall of 1974.[43] He wrote The Shining (1977) during this period, after visiting the Stanley Hotel in Estes Park (the inspiration for the fictional Overlook Hotel). Stephen White has written a series of mystery books using Boulder as the primary backdrop, featuring lead character Alan Gregory. Marianne Wesson, an author and professor at the University of Colorado School of Law, has also set several of her mystery novels in Boulder. Image File history File links MorkMindyHouse. ... Image File history File links MorkMindyHouse. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other persons named Stephen King, see Stephen King (disambiguation). ... The Stand is a post-apocalyptic Horror/Science Fiction novel by Stephen King originally published in 1978. ... For other uses of this term, see Shining. ... For other persons named Stephen White, see Stephen White (disambiguation). ...


The sitcom Mork & Mindy (1978–1982) was set in Boulder, with 1619 Pine St. serving as the exterior shot of Mindy's home. The New York Deli, a real restaurant operating on the Pearl Street Mall until its closure in 1999, was also featured prominently in the show. The creators of the animated show South Park (Trey Parker & Matt Stone) attended the University of Colorado at Boulder, which makes occasional appearances in South Park. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Pearl Street Mall is a four block walking mall in downtown Boulder, Colorado. ... This article is about the TV series. ... Randolph Severn Trey Parker III (born October 19, 1969) is an Academy Award nominated American animator, screenwriter, film director, voice actor, actor and musician. ... Matthew Richard Matt Stone (born May 26, 1971) is an American animator, screenwriter, director, producer, voice actor, musician and actor. ... The University of Colorado at Boulder (CU-Boulder, UCB officially[3]; Colorado and CU colloquially) is the flagship university of the University of Colorado System in Boulder, Colorado. ...


Some houses and the National Center for Atmospheric Research building overlooking the town were used in the filming of Woody Allen's Sleeper. The building of the First Christian Church of Boulder[12] appeared in the exterior shot of the wedding scene in About Schmidt (2002), starring Jack Nicholson, although the interior shots were filmed elsewhere. The famous Pearl Street Mall was one location for the filming of the movie Catch and Release, starring Jennifer Garner. Houses around Boulder, as well as storefronts on "The Hill" (University Hill) were filmed for the movie. NCAR, Boulder, Colorado National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) is a U.S.-based institute whose stated mission is: NCARs flagship Mesa Laboratory is located in the outskirts of Boulder, Colorado, in a dramatic complex of buildings designed by architect I.M. Pei. ... Sleeper (1973) is a futuristic science fiction comedy film, written by, directed by, and starring Woody Allen. ... About Schmidt is a 2002 American film directed by Alexander Payne and starring Jack Nicholson as Warren Schmidt and Hope Davis as his daughter Jeannie. ... Pearl Street Mall is a four block walking mall in downtown Boulder, Colorado. ... Catch and Release is a romantic comedy film released on January 26, 2007. ... Jennifer Anne Garner[1] (born April 17, 1972) is an Emmy-nominated and Golden Globe- and SAG Award-winning American actress. ...


Boulder particiapated in the Chatauqua movement in the 1920's. In 1968, Boulder became a hippie mecca with the popular culture moving from Berkeley CA to Boulder (and back). Numerous 60's music personalities have lived in or near Boulder. Celestial Seasonings Tea was founded and created in Boulder. Boulder continues to be the home of innovative food companies. The made-for-TV movie "Perfect Murder, Perfect Town: JonBenét and the City of Boulder", based on the book of the same title, was released in 2000. It dramatized the investigation into the murder of JonBenét Ramsey. It was filmed on location in Boulder. JonBenét Patricia Ramsey (August 6, 1990—December 25, 1996) was an American girl made famous by her mysterious Christmastime murder and subsequent media coverage. ...


See also

It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles. ... The following list includes the 270 active municipalities, the 83 active U.S. Census Designated Places, and all named U.S. Post Offices in the State of Colorado. ... The 270 active municipalities of the State of Colorado operate under one of five types of municipal governing authority:[1][2] Consolidated City and County – Only Denver and Broomfield have consolidated city and county governments: The City and County of Denver operates under Article XX, Section 4 of the Constitution... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Boulder County is a county located in the U.S. state of Colorado. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Scabby Bull, Arapaho 1806 Arapaho camp, ca. ... For other uses, see Cheyenne (disambiguation). ... Look up ute in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Miners at Pikes Peak The Pikes Peak Gold Rush (later known as the Colorado Gold Rush) was the boom in gold prospecting and mining in the Pikes Peak Country of northwestern Kansas Territory and southwestern Nebraska Territory of the United States that began in July 1858 and lasted... // The United States Census Bureau has defined seven metropolitan statistical areas, seven micropolitan statistical areas, and one combined statistical area for the State of Colorado. ... The Boulder Metropolitan Statistical Area is a United States Census Bureau defined Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) located in the Boulder region of the State of Colorado. ... The Denver-Aurora-Boulder Combined Statistical Area is a United States Census Bureau defined Combined Statistical Area (CSA) located in the Denver region of the State of Colorado. ... The Front Range Urban Corridor is an oblong region of urban population located along the eastern face of the Southern Rocky Mountains in the U.S. states of Colorado and Wyoming. ... The Boulder Valley School District is the local school district for Boulder, Colorado. ... The government of the United States, established by the United States Constitution, is a federal republic of 50 states, a few territories and some protectorates. ... Colorado with Roosevelt National Forest in red The Roosevelt National Forest is a U.S. National Forest located in north central Colorado. ...

References

  1. ^ a b Active Colorado Municipalities (HTML). State of Colorado, Department of Local Affairs. Retrieved on 2007-09-01.
  2. ^ Colorado Municipal Incorporations (HTML). State of Colorado, Department of Personnel & Administration, Colorado State Archives (2004-12-01). Retrieved on 2007-09-02.
  3. ^ Annual Estimates of the Population for All Incorporated Places in Colorado (CSV). 2005 Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division (June 21, 2006). Retrieved on November 16, 2006.
  4. ^ ZIP Code Lookup (JavaScript/HTML). United States Postal Service. Retrieved on September 4, 2007.
  5. ^ Find a County. National Association of Counties. Retrieved on 2008-01-31.
  6. ^ Table 1: Annual Estimates of the Population for Incorporated Places Over 100,000, Ranked by July 1, 2005 Population: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2005 (CSV). 2005 Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division (June 20, 2006). Retrieved on December 13, 2006.
  7. ^ American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved on 2008-01-31.
  8. ^ Fact Sheet - Boulder, Colorado (General Characteristics). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved on 2008-04-14.
  9. ^ Fact Sheet - Boulder, Colorado (Social Characteristics). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved on 2008-04-14.
  10. ^ "Metro home prices flat", www.CNNMoney.com, 2006-08-21. Retrieved on 2008-04-14. 
  11. ^ A Boulder Timeline. Boulder History Museum. Retrieved on 2008-04-14.
  12. ^ First Christian Church

HTML, an initialism of HyperText Markup Language, is the predominant markup language for web pages. ... Official language(s) English Demonym Coloradan Capital Denver Largest city Denver Largest metro area Denver-Aurora Metro Area Area  Ranked 8th in the US  - Total 104,185 sq mi (269,837 km²)  - Width 280 miles (451 km)  - Length 380 miles (612 km)  - % water 0. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... HTML, an initialism of HyperText Markup Language, is the predominant markup language for web pages. ... Official language(s) English Demonym Coloradan Capital Denver Largest city Denver Largest metro area Denver-Aurora Metro Area Area  Ranked 8th in the US  - Total 104,185 sq mi (269,837 km²)  - Width 280 miles (451 km)  - Length 380 miles (612 km)  - % water 0. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 335th day of the year (336th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 245th day of the year (246th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The comma-separated values (or CSV; also known as a comma-separated list or comma-separated variables) file format is a file type that stores tabular data. ... is the 172nd day of the year (173rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... JavaScript is a scripting language most often used for client-side web development. ... HTML, an initialism of HyperText Markup Language, is the predominant markup language for web pages. ... USPS and Usps redirect here. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The comma-separated values (or CSV; also known as a comma-separated list or comma-separated variables) file format is a file type that stores tabular data. ... is the 171st day of the year (172nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 104th day of the year (105th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 104th day of the year (105th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 233rd day of the year (234th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 104th day of the year (105th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 104th day of the year (105th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Boulder, Colorado
  • City of Boulder website
    • CDOT map of the City of Boulder
  • Boulder, Colorado
  • Boulder History Museum
  • A Brief History of Boulder County
  • Climate information
  • The Boulder Community Network serves all of Boulder County, Colorado. It is the second-oldest web-based community network in the world and went on-line on March 15, 1994.
  • MahlerFest website
  • bouldertankentai.com - Boulder Guide in Japanese
  • DailyCamera.com - Local Newspaper
  • ColoradoDaily.com - Local Newspaper
  • Boulder, Colorado is at coordinates 40°01′03″N 105°16′47″W / 40.017624, -105.27966 (Boulder, Colorado)Coordinates: 40°01′03″N 105°16′47″W / 40.017624, -105.27966 (Boulder, Colorado)


Boulder County is a county located in the U.S. state of Colorado. ... Community Network is a term used broadly to indicate use of networking technologies by and for a local community. ... is the 74th day of the year (75th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles. ... This article is about the federal government of the United States. ... The parks of the United States National Park system are one type of protected area in the United States and are operated by the U.S. National Park Service. ... Black Canyon of the Gunnison National Park is a United States National Park located in western Colorado. ... Great Sand Dunes National Park and Preserve became a United States National Park by an act of Congress on September 13, 2004. ... Mesa Verde National Park is a U.S. National Park and UNESCO World Heritage Site located in Montezuma County, Colorado, United States. ... Rocky Mountain National Park is located in the north-central region of the U.S. state of Colorado. ... This article discusses national monuments in the context of the United States. ... Canyons of the Ancients National Monument is located in the southwestern region of the U.S. state of Colorado, and is managed by the U.S. Bureau of Land Management, an agency within the U.S. Department of the Interior. ... Colorado National Monument is a part of the U.S. National Park Service near the city of Grand Junction, Colorado, in the western part of the state. ... Dinosaur National Monument is a U.S. National Monument located on the southeast flank of the Uinta Mountains on the border between the American states of Colorado and Utah at the confluence of the Green and Yampa Rivers. ... Florissant Fossil Beds National Monument is located in a mountain valley just west of Pikes Peak and holds spectacular remnants of the earths prehistoric life. ... Hovenweep National Monument straddles the Colorado-Utah border west of Cortez, Colorado. ... Yucca House National Monument is a large, unexcavated Ancestral Puebloan surface site. ... San Antonio Missions National Historical Park, Mission Concepción Sagamore Hill National Historic Site, Theo. ... Bents Fort Bents Old Fort is a National Historic Site in Bent County, Colorado. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... National Historic Trail is a designation for a protected area in the United States containing historic trails and surrounding areas. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Pony Express National Historic Trail was used by young men on fast paced horses to carry the nations mail across the country, from St. ... The Santa Fe Trail was an important route in the western United States, leading from Missouri to Santa Fe, New Mexico. ... National Recreation Area (NRA) is a designation for a protected area in the United States, often centered on large reservoirs and emphasizing water-based recreation for a large number of people. ... The Arapaho National Recreation Area (ANRA) is a United States National Recreation Area that is located near the headwaters of the Colorado River in north central Colorado adjacent to Rocky Mountain National Park. ... Three reservoirs, named for corresponding dams on the Gunnison River, form the heart of Curecanti National Recreation Area. ... National Wildlife Refuge is a designation for certain protected areas of the United States managed by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service. ... The Alamosa National Wildlife Refuge is a 11,169 acre United States National Wildlife Refuge located in southern Colorado. ... The Arapaho National Wildlife Refuge is a United States National Wildlife Refuge located in north central Colorado. ... The Baca National Wildlife Refuge is 92,500 acre (374 km²) United States National Wildlife Refuge located in southern Colorado. ... Browns Park National Wildlife Refuge is a 13,45-acre U.S. National Wildlife Refuge located in northwestern Colorado. ... Monte Vista National Wildlife Refuge is a United State National Wildlife Refuge located in southern Colorado. ... The Rocky Mountain Arsenal National Wildlife Refuge is a National Wildlife Refuge of the United States located in central Colorado. ... Two Ponds National Wildlife Refuge is a unit of the National Wildlife Refuge system located in Arvada, Colorado. ... U.S. National Forests are protected forests and woodland areas in the United States. ... The Arapaho National Forest is a U.S. National Forest located in the U.S. state of Colorado. ... The Grand Mesa National Forest is a U.S. National Forest in Delta and Mesa Counties in Western Colorado. ... The Gunnison National Forest is a U.S. National Forest covering over 1,700,000 acres (6900 km²) in Mesa, Gunnison, Hinsdale and Saguache Counties in Western part of the U.S. state of Colorado. ... The Pike National Forest is located in the Front Range of Colorado, west of Colorado Springs and including Pikes Peak. ... Rio Grande National Forest is a 1. ... Colorado with Roosevelt National Forest in red The Roosevelt National Forest is a U.S. National Forest located in north central Colorado. ... Routt National Forest is a National Forest located in northwest Colorado. ... San Isabel National Forest is located in central Colorado. ... The San Juan National Forest is a U.S. National Forest covering over 1,800,000 acres (7,200 km²) in Archuleta, Conjeos, Dolores, Hinsdale, La Plata, Mineral, Montezuma, Rio Grande, San Miguel and San Juan Counties in Western Colorado. ... Colorado with Uncompahgre National Forest in red Uncompahgre National Forest is a U.S. National Forest covering over 1,000,000 acres (4,000 km²) in Gunnison, Hinsdale, Mesa, Montrose, Ouray and San Miguel Counties in Western Colorado. ... White River National Forest is a National Forest in northwest Colorado. ... United States National Grasslands are protected areas of the United States. ... A hiker in the park. ... The Pawnee National Grassland is a United States National Grassland located in northeastern Colorado on the Colorado Eastern Plains. ... The National Wilderness Preservation System protects federally managed land areas that are of a pristine condition. ... Satellite image of the park and Curecanti National Recreation Area. ... The Black Ridge Canyons Wilderness is located in western Colorado and eastern Utah, USA, within the arid Colorado Plateau region approximately 15 miles (24 kilometers) west of Grand Junction, Colorado. ... The Cache la Poudre Wilderness is administered by the USDA Forest Service. ... The Collegiate Peaks Wilderness is a 168,000 acre area located in central Colorado between Leadville and Buena Vista to the east and Aspen to the west and Crested Butte to the southwest. ... The Comanche Peaks Wilderness is administered by the USDA Forest Service. ... The Flat Tops Wilderness Area is a U.S. Wilderness area located in White River National Forest in northwestern Colorado. ... Great Sand Dunes National Park and Preserve is a United States National Park located in Alamosa County and Saguache County, Colorado, United States. ... Lake Isabelle below Navajo, Apache and Shoshoni Peaks The Indian Peaks Wilderness is a wilderness area in north central Colorado managed by the Arapaho and Roosevelt National Forest. ... James Peak of James Peak Wilderness James Peak Wilderness is a wilderness area in north central Colorado managed by the Arapaho and Roosevelt National Forest. ... The eponymous Lizard Head The Lizard Head Wilderness is a wilderness area in southwest Colorado. ... The Lost Creek Wilderness is a 119,790 area located in central Colorado in Jefferson and Park counties south of the town of Bailey. ... The Mount Massive Wilderness is a federally designated wilderness area in the Sawatch Range, located in the US state of Colorado. ... The Mount Sneffels Wilderness is a wilderness area in southwest Colorado, and is managed by the Uncompahgre National Forest. ... Mount Zirkel Wilderness Area ia a U.S. Wilderness Area located in the Routt National Forest in northwest Colorado. ... The Neota Wilderness is administered by the USDA Forest Service. ... The Platte River Wilderness is primarily located in south central Wyoming, with a small section extending into Colorado in the United States. ... The Powderhorn Wilderness is a 60,100 acre (243 km²) wilderness area in Hinsdale County, Colorado located 5 miles (8 km) northeast of Lake City. ... The Rawah Wilderness is administered by the USDA Forest Service. ... The Spanish Peaks Wilderness is a 17,855 acre (72. ... The Uncompahgre Wilderness (formally called the Big Blue Wilderness) is a wilderness area in southwest Colorado, USA. It is managed by the Uncompahgre National Forest. ... The Weminuche Wilderness is a wilderness area in southwest Colorado managed by the San Juan National Forest on the west side of the Continental Divide and the Rio Grande National Forest on the east side of the divide. ... National Scenic Trail is a designation for protected areas in the United States that consist of trails of particular natural beauty. ... The Continental Divide Trail is a United States National Scenic Trail running 3,100 miles (5,000 km) between Mexico and Canada. ... Colorado State Capitol in Denver Main article: State of Colorado The Constitution of the U.S. State of Colorado provides for three branches of government: the legislative, the executive, and the judicial branches. ... This is a list of state parks and reserves in the Colorado state park system. ... Bonny Lake State Park is a state park located in Yuma County, Colorado. ... Castlewood Canyon State Park is a state park near Franktown, Colorado. ... Chatfield State Park is a state park located in Douglas County, Colorado, United States. ... Cherry Creek State Park is a state park located in Arapahoe County, Colorado, United States. ... Eldorado Canyon State Park is part of the Colorado State Park system. ... Jackson Lake State Park is located northeast of Mancos, Colorado in eastern Montezuma County, Colorado. ... James M. Robb-Colorado River State park Borders the Colorado River at this Point The James M. Robb - Colorado River State Park is located around Fruita, Colorado. ... Pearl Lake State Park, at the base of Hahns Peak, is in Routt County, Colorado near the town of Hahns Peak, Colorado and is north of Steamboat Springs. ... Ridgway State Park is a state park located in Ouray County, Colorado. ... Roxborough State Park Roxborough State Park is a red-rock area southwest of the Denver metro area. ... San Luis State Park is a state park located in Alamosa County, Colorado, United States. ... Longs Canyon area of Trinidad Lake State Park Exposure of the KT boundary at Trinidad Lake State Park Trinidad Lake State Park is a state park near Trinidad, Colorado. ... Colorado State Forest - Jackson County List of U.S. National Forests #Colorado Colorado State Forest Service Colorado Department of Natural Resources State Other Colorado Department of Natural Resources (web) Categories: | | ... The Colorado State Forest is a 71,000 acre forest located in Jackson County in the U.S. state of Colorado. ... In the history of Colorado, the first inhabitants of what was to become the State of Colorado were the American Indians. ... Fort Garland (1858 - 1883), Colorado. ... Location of Fort Vasquez, Colorado Fort Vasquez is a former fur trading post 35 miles NE of Denver, Colorado founded by Louis Vasquez and Andrew Sublette in 1835. ... The Georgetown Loop high bridge as seen c. ... This article or section needs additional references or sources to improve its verifiability. ... Beaver Meadows Visitor Center, also known as Rocky Mountain National Park Administration Building, is a building in Rocky Mountain National Park that is nationally significant for its architecture. ... Elitch Gardens Carousel, also known as the Kit Carson County Carousel, is a 1905 Philadelphia Toboggan Company carousel located in Burlington, Colorado. ... Restored historic buildings in downtown Black Hawk The Central City/Black Hawk National Historic District is a federally designated United States National Historic Landmark that comprises Central City and the City of Black Hawk, adjacent former gold mining camps in the Front Range of the Rocky Mountains in Gilpin County... Restored historic buildings in downtown Black Hawk The Central City/Black Hawk National Historic District is a federally designated United States National Historic Landmark that comprises Central City and the City of Black Hawk, adjacent former gold mining camps in the Front Range of the Rocky Mountains in Gilpin County... The Colorado Chautauqua, located in Boulder, Colorado, United States, and started in 1898, is the only Chautauqua west of the Mississippi River still continuing in unbroken operation since the heyday of the Chautauqua Movement in the 1920s. ... Downtown Cripple Creek today Location of Cripple Creek, Colorado The historic City of Cripple Creek is a Statutory City that is the county seat of Teller County, Colorado, United States. ... A steam locomotive of the D&SNG The Durango and Silverton Narrow Gauge Railroad (D&SNG) is a narrow gauge heritage railway in the U.S. State of Colorado that operates over the 45 miles (72 km) of 36-inch (914 mm) track between Durango in La Plata County and... The Georgetown Loop high bridge as seen c. ... This article or section is incomplete and may require expansion and/or cleanup. ... View of Mount Massive looking west from Harrison Street in downtown Leadville The Delaware Hotel in downtown Leadville The historic City of Leadville is a Statutory City that is the county seat of Lake County, Colorado, United States. ... The Lindenmeier Site is a Folsum culture archaeological site located on the former Lindenmeier Ranch in northeastern Larimer County, Colorado, United States. ... Lowry Pueblo Lowry Pueblo The Lowry Pueblo is an Ancestral Puebloan archaeological site located in Canyons of the Ancients National Monument near Pleasant View, Colorado, United States. ... Mesa Verde National Park is a U.S. National Park and UNESCO World Heritage Site located in Montezuma County, Colorado, United States. ... Pikes Peak (formerly Pikes Peak, see below) is a mountain in the Front Range of the Rocky Mountains, 10 miles (16 km) west of Colorado Springs, Colorado, in El Paso County. ... Raton Pass (7834 feet or 2388 meters elevation) is a mountain pass on the Santa Fe Trail along the Colorado-New Mexico border in the United States. ... Shenandoah-Dives Mill, also known as Mayflower, is a site significant for its . ... The Georgetown Loop high bridge as seen c. ... Miners cabin at the edge of town Downtown The historic Town of Silverton is a Statutory Town that is the county seat of San Juan County, Colorado, United States. ... For other meanings, see Telluride (disambiguation). ... The United States Air Force Academy (USAFA or Air Force),[1] located immediately north of Colorado Springs in El Paso County, Colorado, United States, is an institution for the undergraduate education of officers for the United States Air Force. ... The following are partial lists of significant historic, scenic, and recreational trails in the State of Colorado of the United States. ... The American Discovery Trail is a coast-to-coast hiking trail across the mid-tier of the United States. ... The Colorado Trail (CT) is a 479 mile long trail running from the outskirts of Denver to Durango in Colorado, United States. ... The Continental Divide Trail is a United States National Scenic Trail running 3,100 miles (5,000 km) between Mexico and Canada. ... The Route The Great Divide Mountain Bike Route (aka GDMBR) was put together by Adventure Cycling and is the longest off-pavement bike route in the world. ... Kokopelli Kokopellis Trail is a 142 mile (229 km) mountain bike trail in the U.S. states of Colorado and Utah. ... The Colorado Scenic and Historic Byways are highway and backroad routes in the U.S. State of Colorado designated by the Colorado Scenic and Historic Byways Commission of the Colorado Department of Transportation for their scenic or historic values. ... Scenery along the byway. ... Guanella Pass (el. ... State Highway 12 in the U.S. state of Colorado is a mainly mountainous state highway through the Rocky Mountains in southern Colorado. ... The Lariat Loop Scenic & Historic Byway is a 40-mile route in the foothills between Golden, Morrison, and Evergreen about 20 miles west of Denver, Colorado. ... The Mount Evans Scenic Byway approaching the summit The Mount Evans Scenic Byway begins at the junction of Interstate 70 and Colorado State Highway 103 near Idaho Springs, Colorado and continues on Colorado State Highway 5 through the Mount Evans Wilderness Area where it ends near the summit of Mount... The San Juan Skyway Scenic Byway is one of the scenic byways in the Colorado Scenic and Historic Byway System. ... Trail logo The Santa Fe Trail was an historic 19th century transportation route across southwestern North America connecting Missouri with Santa Fe, New Mexico. ... Top of the Rockies is the name of a National Scenic Byway in Colorado, in the Western United States. ... Toll booths at the Beaver Meadows Entrance Station, an eastern entrance to Trail Ridge Road. ... The Colorado Department of Natural Resources is the department of the government of the U.S. State of Colorado that is responsible for the development, protection, and enhancement Colorado natural resources for the use and enjoyment of the states present and future residents, as well as for visitors to...

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City of Boulder, Colorado - Home Page (435 words)
Home of the University of Colorado's main campus and the National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder sits 5,430 feet above sea level and is surrounded by a greenbelt of city trails and open spaces.
Boulder is known for its natural beauty, outdoor recreation, natural product retailers and restaurants, outstanding alternative transportation options, diverse businesses, and technological and academic resources.
Boulder's municipal services, like recreation, transportation and senior services, have enabled our city to receive numerous awards and land on many magazine lists in categories such as "Best Place to Live" and "Bicycle-Friendly Community." Boulder truly is a special place.
Boulder, Colorado - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3524 words)
Boulder's elevation is 5,430 feet (1,655 meters) and it is 25 miles (40 km) northwest of Denver.
Boulder's first school house was built in 1860 and accompanying Colorado's statehood in 1876, the University of Colorado at Boulder opened in 1876.
The Colorado Shakespeare Festival is a summer festival of Shakespeare held at the outdoor Mary Rippon Theater on the University of Colorado campus.
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