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Encyclopedia > Boston Pops Orchestra

The Boston Pops Orchestra was founded in 1885 as a subsection of the Boston Symphony Orchestra. 1885 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... The Boston Symphony Orchestra is one of the worlds most renowned orchestras. ...


In 1881, Henry Lee Higginson, the founder of the Boston Symphony Orchestra, wrote of his wish to present in Boston "concerts of a lighter kind of music." The Boston Pops Orchestra was founded to present this kind of music to the public, with the first concert performed in 1885. Called the "Promenade Concerts" until 1900, these performances combined light classical music, tunes from the current hits of the musical theater, and an occasional novelty number. Allowing for some changes of taste over the course of a century, the early programs were remarkably similar to the Boston Pops programs of today. 1881 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Henry Lee Higginson (November 18, 1834 - November 14, 1919) was a remarkable Boston banker, amateur musician, Civil War soldier, and energetic philanthropist best known as the founder of the Boston Symphony Orchestra. ... 1900 (MCM) is a common year starting on Monday. ...


The Boston Pops Orchestra did not adopt its own official conductor until 1930, when Arthur Fiedler began a fifty-year tenure as the Pops conductor. Fiedler's career as the conductor of the Pops brought worldwide acclaim to the orchestra. He was unhappy with the reputation of classical music as being solely for elite, aristocratic, upper-class audiences. Fiedler made efforts to bring classical music to wider audiences. He instituted a series of free concerts at the Hatch Shell on the Esplanade, a riverside public park along the Charles River. Along with his insistence that the Pops Orchestra would play popular music alongside well-known classical pieces, Fiedler opened up a new niche in popular culture that encouraged popularization of classical music. Other cities have founded their own "pops" orchestras, but the Boston Pops remains the most famous and well-known. Under Fiedler's direction, the Boston Pops allegedly made more commercially available recordings than any other orchestra in the world, with total sales of albums, singles, tapes, and cassettes exceeding 50 million. Of the many musical pieces produced over the years, the Pops' most famous and popular work is Fiedler's production of Leroy Anderson's "Sleigh Ride." 1930 (MCMXXX) is a common year starting on Wednesday. ... Arthur Fiedler (December 17, 1894 – July 10, 1979) was the long-time conductor of the Boston Pops Orchestra, a symphony orchestra that specialized in popular music. ... Aristocracy is a form of government in which rulership is in the hands of an upper class known as aristocrats. ... Charles River in Cambridge The Charles River is a small, relatively short Massachusetts river that separates Boston from Cambridge and Charlestown. ... Leroy Anderson (June 29, 1908 – May 18, 1975) was best known as an American composer of short, light concert music pieces, many of which were introduced by the Boston Pops Orchestra under the direction of Arthur Fiedler. ...

The Pops performing at the Hatch Shell on July 4, 2005
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The Pops performing at the Hatch Shell on July 4, 2005

Fiedler is most widely remembered in Boston for having begun the annual tradition of the Fourth of July Pops concert and fireworks display on the Esplanade, one of the best-attended Independence Day celebrations in the country with regular estimated attendance of 200,000–500,000 people. (This event is organized by Boston's Fourth of July celebration under the leadership of David Mugar.) Also during Fiedler's tenure, the Pops and local public television station WGBH developed a series of weekly televised broadcasts recorded during the Pops' regular season in Symphony Hall, Evening at Pops. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1152x768, 671 KB) The Boston Pops Esplanade Orchestra performing at the Hatch Shell in Boston on 2005-07-04. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1152x768, 671 KB) The Boston Pops Esplanade Orchestra performing at the Hatch Shell in Boston on 2005-07-04. ... The Boston Pops performing at the Hatch Shell on July 4, 2005 The Hatch Shell is an outdoor concert venue adjacent to the Charles River Esplanade near downtown Boston. ... July 4 is the 185th day of the year (186th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 180 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... These fireworks over the Washington Monument are typical of Fourth of July celebrations In the United States, Independence Day, also called the Fourth of July, is a federal holiday celebrating the adoption of the Declaration of Independence in 1776. ... David G. Mugar is a well-known businessman and philanthropist from New England. ... Public broadcasting (also known as public service broadcasting or PSB) is the dominant form of broadcasting around the world, where radio, television, and potentially other electronic media outlets receive funding from the public. ... WGBH is an established public television and public radio broadcast service located in Boston, Massachusetts. ... There are a number of concert halls known as Symphony Hall. ...


After Fiedler's death in 1979, the conductorship of the Boston Pops was taken over by Academy Award-winning composer John Williams in 1980. Williams continued the Pops' tradition of bringing classical music to a wider audiences, initiating the annual "Pops-on-the-Heights" concerts at Boston College and adding his own considerable library of well-known movie soundtracks (including the Star Wars and Indiana Jones movies) to its repertoire. This page refers to the year 1979. ... Although he never won an Oscar for any of his movie performances, the comedian Bob Hope received two honorary Oscars for his contributions to cinema. ... Williams conducting the London Symphony Orchestra during the recording of the score for Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace. ... 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... Website www. ... Films are produced by recording actual people and objects with cameras, or by creating them using animation techniques and/or special effects. ... Star Wars began with a 13-page treatment for a space adventure movie that George Lucas drafted in 1973, inspired by multiple myths and classic stories. ... Harrison Ford as Indiana Jones Indiana Jones is a fictional bullwhip-toting, fedora-wearing archaeologist with an overdeveloped ophidiophobia (fear of snakes). ...


Keith Lockhart assumed the post of principal Pops conductor in 1995. Lockhart continues to conduct the Boston Pops today, adding a touch of flamboyance and a flair for the dramatic to his performances. Williams remains the Laureate Conductor of the Pops and conducts a week of Pops concerts most years. Keith Lockhart is the current conductor of the Boston Pops Orchestra, taking over from John Williams in 1995. ... 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


External link

 The definition of pops is music that is not classical. 

  Results from FactBites:
 
Boston Pops Orchestra - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (603 words)
The Boston Pops Orchestra was founded in 1885 as a subsection of the Boston Symphony Orchestra.
In 1881, Henry Lee Higginson, the founder of the Boston Symphony Orchestra, wrote of his wish to present in Boston "concerts of a lighter kind of music." The Boston Pops Orchestra was founded to present this kind of music to the public, with the first concert performed in 1885.
Fiedler is most widely remembered in Boston for having begun the annual tradition of the Fourth of July Pops concert and fireworks display on the Esplanade, one of the best-attended Independence Day celebrations in the country with regular estimated attendance of 200,000–500,000 people.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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