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Encyclopedia > Boston Police Department
Current BPD Uniform Patch
Current BPD Uniform Patch

The Boston Police Department (BPD) has the primary responsibility for law enforcement and investigation within the city of Boston, Massachusetts. It is the 20th largest department in the United States and is argued to be the oldest police department in the country. Image File history File links BostonPD.jpg‎ Current Boston Police uniform Patch This logo is an official seal of a government or one of its government agencies, and may be subject to copyright, trademark, and/or other restrictions on its reproduction, especially in commercial contexts. ... Image File history File links BostonPD.jpg‎ Current Boston Police uniform Patch This logo is an official seal of a government or one of its government agencies, and may be subject to copyright, trademark, and/or other restrictions on its reproduction, especially in commercial contexts. ... Nickname: City on the Hill, Beantown, The Hub (of the Universe)1 Location in Massachusetts, USA Counties Suffolk County Mayor Thomas M. Menino (D) Area    - City 232. ...

Contents

History

The first night watch was established in Boston in 1631 with an Officer and 6 Men. By 1635 the Watch consisted of property owning males over 16 who were required to take turns at the duty without pay. In 1703 pay in the sum of 35 shillings a month was set. In 1796, the Watch was reorganized and the watchmen carried a badge of office, a rattle, and a six-foot pole, painted blue and white with a hook on one end and a bill on the other. It was used to “hook” fleeing criminals, and the rounded “bill” end would have been used as a weapon. The rattle was a noise-making device used for calling for assistance.


In 1838 the Day Police was organized, having no connection with the Night Watch. It operated under the city marshal and six officers were appointed. In 1853, the Harbor Police was created in response to the increase in robberies of occupied vessels in the waters of Boston Harbor. They were furnished with rowboats and armed with Colt revolvers. This was the first unit furnished with firearms.


The formal founding date of the Boston Police Department is May of 1854, the Boston Watch and Day Police were disbanded, and the Boston Police department came into being. The old hook and bill, which had been in use for one hundred and fifty-four years, was replaced by a fourteen-inch club.


The Boston Police at that point constituted the first paid, professional police service in the United States, but its roots can be even further traced back to the 18th century and Boston's appointment of an "Inspector of Police." In 1854, the department was closely organized and modeled after Sir Robert Peel's (London) Metropolitan Police Service. (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... 1854 (MDCCCLIV) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... This is about the British Prime Minister. ... The Metropolitan Police Service (MPS) is the Home Office police force responsible for Greater London, with the exception of the square mile of the City of London. ...


1919 police strike

In 1919, the Boston Police went on strike, signaling a dramatic shift in traditional labor relations and views on the part of the police, who were unhappy with stagnant wages and poor working conditions. When Police Commissioner Edwin Curtis refused to allow the creation of a police union, 1,117 BPD officers went on strike. The city soon fell into riots and public chaos as over three-fourths of the department was no longer enforcing public peace. Governor Calvin Coolidge intervened to quash further chaos. Coolidge announced that the police did not have the right to strike against the public safety and brought in the state national guard to restore order to Boston. The strike was broken, permanently, when Coolidge hired entirely-new replacement police officers -- many of whom were returning servicemen from World War I -- and the former officers were refused re-entry into the department. Ironically, the new officers hired in the wake of the strike received higher salaries, more vacation days, and city-provided uniforms -- the very demands the original strikers were requesting. The BPD strike set a precedent for further movements to stymie police unionization around the country. Year 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... John Calvin Coolidge, Jr. ... Combatants Allied Powers: Russian Empire France British Empire Italy United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary German Empire Ottoman Empire Bulgaria Commanders Nicholas II Aleksei Brusilov Georges Clemenceau Joseph Joffre Ferdinand Foch Herbert Henry Asquith Douglas Haig John Jellicoe Victor Emmanuel III Luigi Cadorna Armando Diaz Woodrow Wilson John Pershing Franz...


Coolidge's intervention in the strike brought him national fame which, in turn, led to his nomination as Harding's running mate for Vice-President in the 1920 presidential election. Warren Gamaliel Harding (November 2, 1865 - August 2, 1923) was an American politician and the 29th President of the United States, from 1921 to 1923, when he became the sixth president to die in office. ...


Busing callout

In 1974, the BPD was involved in maintaining order during the public disturbance over court-ordered busing to racially-integrate Boston's public school system. Unrest was particularly focused around schools, requiring the BPD to increase patrols and maintain readiness for much of the mid-1970s. 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... Desegregation busing, referred to as forced busing by opponents to desegregated schools in some areas, is the practice of remedying past racial discrimination in American public schools by busing children to specific schools in an effort to counteract discriminatory school construction and district assignments. ...


Milestones

On August 23, 1995, the BPD became the first police agency in the world to send fingerprint images to the FBI electronically. The first set of fingerprints were for a suspect arrested for armed robbery. Within hours of the receipt of the fingerprints, the FBI determined that the suspect had a number of prior arrests, including one for assault with intent to kill.[1] 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is a federal criminal investigative, intelligence agency, and the primary investigative arm of the United States Department of Justice (DOJ). ...


BPD today

The Boston Police Department currently has approximately 2,015 officers and 808 civilian personnel, with patrol services covering an area of 232.1 km² (89.6 mi²) and a population of 589,141. The BPD currently requires all employed officers hired since 1995 to live within Boston city-limits, a point that leads many within the department to call for pay raises to help officers meet the city's high cost of living. The BPD currently is divided into 11 neighborhood districts spread across the city, each supervised by a Captain. Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


The Boston Police Department is organized into bureaus under the Office of the Police Commissioner. The Chief of Staff, media liaisons and the Boston Regional Intelligence Center (BRIC) also operate out of the Commissioner's office.


The Bureau of Field Services (BFS) consists of the 11 police districts and Special Operations. It is the largest bureau and it's main responsibility is tactical patrol and crime prevention. Superintendent Robert Dunford is the current head of the BFS. The Boston Police Special Operations Unit is a specialized unit within the Boston Police Department responsible for combined duties involving traffic enforcement, crowd control, and special weapons and tactics (SWAT) services within the city. ...


The Bureau of Investigative Services (BIS) consists of the Homicide Unit, Drug Control Unit, Family Justice Center, the Youth Violence Strike Force (gang unit) and Forensic Science Division. Superintendent Paul Joyce is the current head of the BIS.


Other bureaus include the Bureau of Administrative Services, led by a civilian, Christopher Fox, and the Bureau of Training and Education led by Superintendent Charles Horsley.


The Boston Police rank structure is as follows:


Police Officer*/ Detective (*)***


Sergeant*/ Sergeant Detective***


Lieutenant*/ Lieutenant Detective***


Captain*/ Captain Detective***


Deputy Superintendent
Superintendent
Superintendent In Chief (This position is not always utilized.)
Commissioner


(*Promotions to these positions are granted through a civil service testing process.)
(**These are appointed civil service positions dependent on the last tested rank.)
(*** These Positions are on equal rank with the proceeding title and are job descriptions not Ranks)


Deputy Superintendents and above serve at the pleasure of the Police Commissioner and in the case of the Commissioner, the Mayor.


Boston's Police Commissioner was Kathleen O'Toole, the first woman to serve in that position, until she resigned from her commissionership on June 30, 2006 to take a new position as Inspector General of the Irish national police force, Garda Siochána. The acting commissioner was Albert Goslin. Kathleen OToole is the police commissioner of Boston, Massachusetts. ... June 30 is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 184 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A member of the motorcycle unit of the Garda Síochána. ...


Edward Davis just accepted the position as Boston Police Commissioner. He was Chief of Police in Lowell, MA prior to this appointment.


Merger

On December 31, 2006, 31 Boston Municipal Police Officers were merged with the Boston Police. On January 1, 2007, the rest of the Muni's were either laid off or transferred to the city's Municipal Protective Service, which provides security to City Hall. BMP Unifrom Patch The Boston Municipal Police (Munis or BMP) had the primary responsibility for law enforcement and investigation on and within city owned properties of the City of Boston Massachusetts. ...


The merger was planned in mid-2006 by Mayor Thomas M. Menino.It was met with heavy protest from the Boston Police Patrolmen's Association. The BPPA's argument was that the Municipal officers not qualified to be Boston police officers due to lack of training and the fact that the Muni's were not civil service tested. Thomas Michael Menino (born December 27, 1942) is the current mayor of Boston, Massachusetts, United States and the citys first Italian-American mayor. ...


37 Boston Municipal Officers don't qualify for merger


2006 corruption case

In summer 2006, the department was rocked with scandal when officers Robert Pulido, Carlos Pizaro and Nelson Carrasquillo were arrested in Miami, Florida and charged with conspiracy to distribute cocaine. Pulido was also charged with hosting parties at which other BPD officers fraternized with drug dealers. Miami redirects here. ... Cocaine (or crack in its impure freebase form) is a crystalline tropane alkaloid that is obtained from the leaves of the coca plant. ...


The scandal comes at a particularly bad time for the BPD, as Boston's homicide rates has increased drastically in 2006. The majority of these murders remain unsolved, a fact that many community leaders attribute to a lack of trust between the city's police and its residents.


References

  1. ^ http://www.usdoj.gov/ag/annualreports/ar95/chapter2.htm#technology

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
B.P.D. At a Glance - City of Boston (1016 words)
A Brief History of The B.P.D. In the fall of 1997, the Boston Police Department began a historic move from its former headquarters located at 154 Berkeley Street to its new headquarters located at the corner of Ruggles and Tremont streets in Lower Roxbury.
The Boston Police Department was the first paid, professional public safety department in the country.
Today's department focuses on ensuring the safety and well-being of the city's residents, combining the best neighborhood policing methods from the past with the latest state-of-the-art technologies to effectively protect and serve the public.
Boston Police Department - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1212 words)
It is the 20th largest department in the United States and is argued to be the oldest police department in the country.
In 1919, the Boston Police went on strike, signaling a dramatic shift in traditional labor relations and views on the part of the police, who were unhappy with stagnant wages and poor working conditions.
Boston's Police Commissioner was Kathleen O'Toole, the first woman to serve in that position, until she resigned from her commissionership on June 30, 2006 to take a new position as Inspector General of the Irish national police force, Garda Siochána.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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