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Encyclopedia > Boston (MA)
Boston, Massachusetts
Flag of Boston, Massachusetts Seal of Boston, Massachusetts
Flag (Detail) Seal (Detail)
Nickname: "Beantown," "The Hub (of the Universe)," "Athens of America"
Location of Boston on map of Massachusetts
Location in Massachusetts
Founded
 -Incorporated
 September 17, 1630
 1820, as a city
County  Suffolk County
Mayor  Thomas Menino (Dem)
Area
 - Total
 - Water

 232.1 km² (89.6 mi²)
 106.7 km² (41.2 mi²) 45.98%
Population
 - City (2000)
 - Density
 - Metropolitan

 589,141
 4,696.9/km²
 5.8 million
Time zone  Eastern (UTC –5)
Coordinates
WGS-84 (GPS)
 42.3604° N 71.0573° W
www.cityofboston.gov

Boston is the capital and the largest city in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the United States. The city is also the county seat of Suffolk County. It is the unofficial capital of the region known as New England as well as one of the oldest and wealthiest cities in the United States, with an economy based on education, health care, finance, and high technology. Its nicknames include "Beantown", "The Hub" (shortened from Oliver Wendell Holmes' phrase The Hub of the Solar System), "The City of Higher Learning" (due to the plethora of universities and colleges in the Boston area) and, particularly in the Nineteenth Century, "The Athens of America," owing to its great cultural and intellectual influence. In earlier times it was also known as "Puritan City" because its founders were originally Puritan. Flag of Boston, MA [[Image:{{User:SEWilco/Workspace/{{{1}}} }}_flag_large. ... Boston City Seal (presumed fair use from City of Boston - historial document) This work is copyrighted. ... A flag is a piece of cloth flown from a pole or mast, usually intended for signaling or identification. ... Seal on envelope A seal is an impression printed on, embossed upon, or affixed to a document (or any other object) in order to authenticate it, in lieu of or in addition to a signature. ... A nickname is a short, clever, cute, derogatory, or otherwise substitute name for a person or things real name (for example, Nick is short for Nicholas). ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Incorporation is: In business, incorporation is the creation of a corporation. ... September 17 is the 260th day of the year (261st in leap years). ... Events February 22 - Native American Quadequine introduces Popcorn to English colonists. ... 1820 was a leap year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... United States of America, showing states, divided into counties. ... Suffolk County is a county located in the state of Massachusetts. ... A mayor (from the Latin maÄ«or, meaning larger,greater) is the politician who serves as chief executive official of some types of municipalities. ... Thomas Michael Menino (born December 27, 1942) is the current mayor of Boston, Massachusetts, first elected on November 2, 1993. ... The Democratic Party is one of the two major political parties in the United States. ... This article explains the meaning of area as a physical quantity. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... This article is about the unit of measure. ... 2000 is a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Density (symbol: ρ - Greek: rho) is a measure of mass per unit of volume. ... A metropolitan area is a large population center consisting of a large city and its adjacent zone of influence, or of several neighboring cities or towns and adjoining areas, with one or more large cities serving as its hub or hubs. ... Time zones are areas of the Earth that have adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... UTC also stands for the University of Tennessee at Chattanooga Coordinated Universal Time or UTC, also sometimes referred to as Zulu time, the basis for civil time, differs by an integral number of seconds from atomic time and a fractional number of seconds from UT1. ... This article is about longitude and latitude; see also UTM coordinate system Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically); large version (pdf) The geographic (earth-mapping) coordinate system expresses every horizontal position on Earth by two of the three coordinates of a spherical coordinate system which... Over fifty GPS satellites such as this NAVSTAR have been launched since 1978. ... In politics a capital (also called capital city or political capital — although the latter phrase has an alternative meaning based on an alternative meaning of capital) is the principal city or town associated with its government. ... A U.S. state is any one of the 50 states (four of which officially favor the term commonwealth) which, together with the District of Columbia, form the United States of America. ... State nickname: Bay State Other U.S. States Capital Boston Largest city Boston Governor Mitt Romney Official languages English Area 27,360 km² (44th)  - Land 20,317 km²  - Water 7,043 km² (25. ... A county seat is a town which is the capital of a county. ... Suffolk County is a county located in the state of Massachusetts. ... Modern New England, the six northeastern-most states of the United States, indicated by red The New England region of the United States is located in the northeastern corner of the country. ... Oliver Wendell Holmes Sr. ... The Puritans were members of a group of radical Protestants which developed in England after the Reformation. ...


As of the 2000 census, its population was 589,141. The Greater Boston metropolitan area, including nearby cities and towns such as Cambridge, Brookline, and Quincy as well as many suburban communities further from the city, has a population of approximately 5.8 million residents. Greater Boston is one of the top-ten largest metropolitan areas in the United States, the fifteenth in the Americas, and one of the top-fifty largest in the world. 2000 is a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Greater Boston is the area of Massachusetts closely surrounding Boston, Massachusetts. ... Harvard Square, May 2000 Cambridge is a city in the Greater Boston area of Massachusetts, United States. ... Brookline is a town in Norfolk County, Massachusetts. ... Quincy is a city located in Norfolk County, Massachusetts and bears the nickname The City of Presidents. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 88,025. ... Greater Boston is the area of Massachusetts closely surrounding Boston, Massachusetts. ...

Contents


History

Main article: History of Boston The history of Boston, Massachusetts is inherently intertwined with the history of the United States. ...

The 18th-century Old State House in Boston is surrounded by tall buildings of the 19th and 20th centuries.
Enlarge
The 18th-century Old State House in Boston is surrounded by tall buildings of the 19th and 20th centuries.

Boston's history spans nearly four centuries, and intertwines with the history of the United States. Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Categories: US geography stubs ... // Pre-Colonial America For details, see the main Pre-Colonial America article. ...


Founded on September 17, 1630, on a narrow peninsula called Shawmut by Native Americans who lived there, Boston is named after Boston, England, a town in Lincolnshire from which several prominent colonists originated. Early colonists believed that Boston was a community with a special covenant with God. Winthrop's sermon, "a City upon a Hill," captured this idea. These values molded an extremely stable and well-structured society in Boston. Indeed, Puritan values of hard work, moral uprightness, and education remain a part of Boston's culture. September 17 is the 260th day of the year (261st in leap years). ... Events February 22 - Native American Quadequine introduces Popcorn to English colonists. ... Native Americans (also Indians, Aboriginal Peoples, American Indians, First Nations, Alaskan Natives, Amerindians, or Indigenous Peoples of America) are the indigenous inhabitants of The Americas prior to the European colonization, and their modern descendants. ... For other uses, see Boston (disambiguation). ... Lincolnshire (abbreviated Lincs) is a county in the East Midlands of England, traditionally the second largest after Yorkshire. ... City upon a Hill is the phrase often used to refer to John Winthrops famous sermon, A Model of Christian Charity,, of 1630, based on Matthew 5:14 (You are the light of the world. ...


Boston was birthplace of the American Revolution. The Boston Massacre, the Boston Tea Party, and several early battles of the Revolution, (such as the Battle of Lexington and Concord, the Battle of Bunker Hill, and the Siege of Boston) occurred in or near the city. During this period, Paul Revere made his celebrated midnight ride. Before the Revolution: The 13 colonies are in red, the pink area was claimed by Great Britain after the French and Indian War, and the orange region was claimed by Spain. ... Engraving by Paul Revere The Boston Massacre was an event that occurred on Monday, March 5, 1770 that helped spark the American Revolution. ... The Boston Tea Party was a political protest by Boston, Massachusetts residents against the British parliament. ... The Battle of Lexington and Concord on April 19, 1775 was one of the first battles of the American Revolutionary War and was described as the shot heard round the world in Emersons Concord Hymn. ... A number of places and things are named for this battle, see: Bunker Hill (disambiguation). ... The Siege of Boston (April 19, 1775 - March 17, 1776) was the opening phase of the active American Revolutionary War. ... Portrait of Paul Revere by John Singleton Copley, c. ...


Following the Revolution, Boston became one of the world's wealthiest international trading ports, exporting products such as rum, fish, salt and tobacco. It was chartered as a city in 1822, and by the mid-1800s it was one of the largest manufacturing centers in the nation, noted for its garment production, leather goods, and machinery industries. Caribbean rum, circa 1941 Rum is a distilled beverage made from sugarcane by-products such as molasses and sugarcane juice by a process of fermentation and distillation. ... Atlantic herring, Clupea harengus, the most abundant fish species in the world. ... In chemistry, salt is a general term used for ionic compounds composed of positively charged cations and negatively charged anions, so that the product is neutral and without a net charge. ... Species N. glauca N. longiflora N. rustica N. sylvestris N. tabacum Ref: ITIS 30562 as of 2002-08-28 Tobacco () is a broad-leafed plant of the nightshade family, indigenous to North and South America, whose dried and cured leaves are often smoked (see tobacco smoking) in the form of... 1822 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Events and Trends Beginning of the Napoleonic Wars (1803 - 1815). ... (See also List of types of clothing) Introduction Humans often wear articles of clothing (also known as dress, garments or attire) on the body (for the alternative, see nudity). ... Modern leather-making tools Leather is a material created through the tanning of hides, pelts and skins of animals, primarily cows. ...

Scollay Square, Boston, in the 1880s
Scollay Square, Boston, in the 1880s

Boston has been the site of several notable 'firsts'. The Boston Latin School (1635), was the first school in America; Harvard College (1636), was the first institution of higher learning. On November 1, 1848, the first medical school for women, the Boston Female Medical School, (which later merged with the Boston University School of Medicine), opened. On September 1, 1897, Boston debuted as the first underground streetcar subway in North America; today, it is called "The T" and run by the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. Scollay Square in the 1880s Location: Scollay Square, Boston Source: [1] This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Scollay Square in the 1880s Location: Scollay Square, Boston Source: [1] This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Motto: Sumus Primi Founded April 23, 1635 Headmaster Ms Cornelia A. Kelley School type Public high school Grades 7-12 Enrolment c. ... Events February 10 - The Académie française in Paris is expanded to become a national academy for the artistic elite. ... Today Harvard College is the undergraduate portion of Harvard University. ... Events February 24 - King Christian of Denmark gives an order that all beggars that are able to work must be sent to Brinholmen Island to build ships or as galley rowers March 26 - Utrecht University founded in The Netherlands. ... November 1 is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 60 days remaining. ... 1848 is a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... Medical school generally refers to a tertiary educational institution (or part of such an institution) which is involved in the education of future medical practitioners (medical doctors). ... Boston University is a non-sectarian private university located in Boston, Massachusetts. ... September 1 is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years). ... 1897 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... a historic postcard showing electric trolley-powered streetcars in Richmond, Virginia, where Frank J. Sprague successfully demonstrated his new system on the hills in 1888 A streetcar is a railway vehicle designed to carry passengers on tracks, usually laid in city streets. ... World map showing location of North America A satellite composite image of North America North America is a continent in the northern hemisphere, bounded on the north by the Arctic Ocean, on the east by the North Atlantic Ocean, on the south by the Caribbean Sea, and on the west... The Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA) is a quasi-governmental organization formed in 1964 that controls most bus, subway, commuter rail and ferry systems in the greater Boston, Massachusetts, USA area. ...


Recently, Boston has experienced a loss of regional institutions and traditions, which once gave it a very distinct social character, as it has become part of the more homogenized BosWash megalopolis. Despite these losses, Boston's ambiance has improved in recent years — city streets bustle with a vitality not seen since the 1920s, crime and poverty remain low for an American city, and once again Boston has become a hub of intellectual, technological, and political ideas. The BosWash or Bosnywash megalopolis is the name for a group of metropolitan areas in the northeastern United States, extending from Boston to Washington and linked by economics, transport, and communications. ... Megalopolis (Greek: large city, great city) can mean: The city of Megalopolis, Greece. ... Sometimes referred to as the Jazz Age or primarily in North America as the Roaring Twenties. // Events and trends Technology John T. Thompson invents Thompson submachine gun, also known as Tommy gun John Logie Baird invents the first working television system (1925) Charles Lindbergh becomes the first person to fly...


Related articles

Before the Revolution: The 13 colonies are in red, the pink area was claimed by Great Britain after the French and Indian War, and the orange region was claimed by Spain. ... The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), also known as the American War of Independence, was a war fought primarily between Great Britain and revolutionaries within thirteen North American colonies. ... Engraving by Paul Revere The Boston Massacre was an event that occurred on Monday, March 5, 1770 that helped spark the American Revolution. ... The Boston Tea Party was a political protest by Boston, Massachusetts residents against the British parliament. ... The Battle of Lexington and Concord on April 19, 1775 was one of the first battles of the American Revolutionary War and was described as the shot heard round the world in Emersons Concord Hymn. ... The Siege of Boston (April 19, 1775 - March 17, 1776) was the opening phase of the active American Revolutionary War. ... The 29th Regiment of Foot was raised in 1694 by Colonel Thomas Farrington, an officer of the Coldstream Guards during War of the Grand Alliance known in America as King Williams War. ...

Geography and climate

A simulated-color satellite image of the Boston area taken on NASA's Landsat 3.
A simulated-color satellite image of the Boston area taken on NASA's Landsat 3.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 232.1 km² (89.6 mi²). 125.4 km² (48.4 mi²) of it is land and 106.7 km² (41.2 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 45.98% water. Boston LANDSAT File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Boston LANDSAT File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) (established 1958) is the government agency responsible for the United States of Americas space program and long-term general aerospace research. ... Landsat 3 undergoing final launch preparations Landsat 3 is the third satellite of the Landsat program. ... The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... This article is about the unit of measure. ...


Much of the Back Bay, and South End are built on reclaimed land—two and a half of Boston's three original hills were used as a source of material for the landfill. Only Beacon Hill, the smallest of the three original hills, remains partially intact. This article is about the neighborhood of Back Bay. ... The South End is a neighborhood in Boston, Massachusetts. ... Land reclamation is either of two distinct practices. ...


Boston is bordered by the cities of Revere, Chelsea, Everett, Somerville, Cambridge, Watertown, Newton, and Quincy, and the towns of Winthrop, Brookline, Needham, Dedham, Canton, and Milton. Revere is a city located in Suffolk County, Massachusetts. ... Chelsea is a city located in Suffolk County, Massachusetts. ... Everett is a city located in Middlesex County, Massachusetts. ... Seal of the city Somerville is a city located in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, just north of Boston. ... Harvard Square, May 2000 Cambridge is a city in the Greater Boston area of Massachusetts, United States. ... Watertown is a city located in Middlesex County, Massachusetts. ... Newton, Massachusetts is a suburb west of Boston. ... Quincy is a city located in Norfolk County, Massachusetts and bears the nickname The City of Presidents. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 88,025. ... Winthrop is a town located in Suffolk County, Massachusetts. ... Brookline is a town in Norfolk County, Massachusetts. ... Needham is a town located in Norfolk County, Massachusetts. ... Dedham is a town located in Norfolk County, Massachusetts. ... Canton is a town located in Norfolk County, Massachusetts. ... Milton is a town located in Norfolk County, Massachusetts. ...


The Charles River separates Boston from Cambridge, and Charlestown. To the east lies Boston Harbor and the Boston Harbor Islands, many of which are open to the public. The Neponset River forms the boundary between the city and its southeast neighbors, Quincy and Milton. Charles River in Cambridge The Charles River is a small, relatively short Massachusetts river that separates Boston from Cambridge and Charlestown. ... Harvard Square, May 2000 Cambridge is a city in the Greater Boston area of Massachusetts, United States. ... Birdseye view of Boston, Charlestown, Massachusetts and Bunker Hill between 1890 and 1910. ... Categories: Stub | Massachusetts geography | Boston ... The Harbor Islands of Boston Harbor, Boston, Massachusetts, are a collection of 34 islands, many of which are open for public recreation and some of which are very small and best suited for wildlife. ... The Neponset River is a river in eastern Massachusetts. ...


The weather in Boston, like much of New England, changes rapidly. It is not uncommon for the city to experience temperature swings of 30°F or more over the course of several days. The summers are usually warm and humid, while the winters are cold and windy. It has been known to snow in October and get quite warm in February. The hottest month is August, with an average high of 80°F (27°C) and a low of 64°F (18°C). The coldest month is January with an average high of 35.6°F (2°C) and a low of 21.5°F (−6°C). The city averages 42 in. (1,100 mm) of rainfall a year. It also coincidentally averages 42 in. (1,100 mm) of snowfall a year, though this increases dramatically as one goes inland away from the city. Modern New England, the six northeastern-most states of the United States, indicated by red The New England region of the United States is located in the northeastern corner of the country. ... Humidity is the concentration of water vapor in the air. ... Fahrenheit is a temperature scale named after the German physicist Gabriel Fahrenheit (1686–1736), who proposed it in 1724. ... The degree Celsius (°C) is a unit of temperature named after the Swedish astronomer Anders Celsius (1701–1744), who first proposed a similar system in 1742. ... Mid-19th century tool for converting between different standards of the inch An inch is an Imperial unit of length. ... A millimetre (American spelling: millimeter, symbol mm) is an SI unit of length that is equal to one thousandth of a metre. ...


Mark Twain is quoted as saying If you don't like the weather in New England, just wait a few minutes. Boston is no exception to this rule. The outer suburbs of Boston, which tend to be forested, have vibrantly colored foliage every autumn that attracts many tourists. In the winter, the Frog Pond at Boston Common doubles as a popular ice-skating rink. Mark Twain Samuel Langhorne Clemens (November 30, 1835 – April 21, 1910), better known by his pen name Mark Twain, was a famous and popular American humorist, writer and lecturer. ... View of the Water Celebration, on Boston Common, October 25th 1848 Boston Common is Boston, Massachusetts most famous public park and the oldest city park in the United States. ...


Demographics

Beacon Hill and the Longfellow Bridge seen from Cambridge.
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Beacon Hill and the Longfellow Bridge seen from Cambridge.

As of the census2 of 2000, there are 589,141 people, 239,528 households, and 115,212 families residing in the city. The population density is 4,696.9/km² (12,165.8/mi²). There are 251,935 housing units at an average density of 2,008.5/km² (5,202.5/mi²). The Irish are the largest ethnic group in the city of Boston. Boston is the capital of "Irish America". The racial makeup of the city is 54.48% White, 25.33% Black or African American, 0.40% Native American, 7.52% Asian American, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 7.83% from other races, and 4.39% from two or more races. 14.44% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race. These figures become less reliable due to the large undocumented Brazilian population, estimated by some studies to approach 250,000 in Massachusetts. Census data does not account for this significant segment of the community because of confusing terminology, as Brazilians speak Portuguese and often do not consider themselves Hispanic or Latino. Photograph of Boston from across the Charles River Basin. ... Photograph of Boston from across the Charles River Basin. ... A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... Shortcut: {{GR|#}} {{Cite:GR|#}} The following is a list of sources used in the creation of Wikipedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. ... 2000 is a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... An Asian American is a person of Asian ancestry or origin who was born in or is an immigrant to the United States. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... Hispanic, as used in the United States, is one of several terms used to categorize US citizens, permanent residents and temporary immigrants, whose background hail either from the Spanish-speaking countries of Latin America or relating to a Spanish-speaking culture. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There are 239,528 households out of which 22.7% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 27.4% are married couples living together, 16.4% have a female householder with no husband present, and 51.9% are non-families. 37.1% of all households are made up of individuals and 9.1% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.31 and the average family size is 3.17. Marriage is a relationship and bond between individuals that plays a key role in the definition of many families. ...


In the city the population is spread out with 19.8% under the age of 18, 16.2% from 18 to 24, 35.8% from 25 to 44, 17.8% from 45 to 64, and 10.4% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 31 years. For every 100 females there are 92.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 90.2 males.


The median income for a household in the city is $39,629, and the median income for a family is $44,151. Males have a median income of $37,435 versus $32,421 for females. The per capita income for the city is $23,353. 19.5% of the population and 15.3% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 25.6% of those under the age of 18 and 18.2% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line. In probability theory and statistics, the median is a number that separates the highest half of a sample, a population, or a probability distribution from the lowest half. ... The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the number of people. ... The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


The city is divided into many neighborhoods, including: Allston, Back Bay, Beacon Hill, Brighton, Charlestown, Dorchester, East Boston, Jamaica Plain, Mattapan, Fenway/Kenmore, the North End, Hyde Park, Roslindale, Roxbury, South Boston, the South End, Chinatown, Bay Village and West Roxbury. Each of the neighborhoods has a distinct character. Allston/Brighton, for example, is populated mostly by students from nearby Boston University and recent graduates. The Back Bay, west of the Public Garden, is one of the wealthiest neighborhoods in the United States—it includes the shops and restaurants on Newbury Street and the two tallest skyscrapers in Boston. The South End, south of the Back Bay, is populated by gays, artists, yuppies, African Americans, and Hispanics—it is noted for its restaurant scene and bohemian atmosphere. South Boston, next to Dorchester, is primarily comprised of Irish-Americans. Roxbury and Mattapan, located south of downtown, are populated largely by African Americans and Hispanics, as well as middle-class families priced out of more expensive neighborhoods. Dorchester is probably the most diverse Boston neighborhood being populated with every ethnic group. Boston is notable for having one of the most attractive and livable urban cores in the country; rents and housing prices are correspondingly high. Allston is a diverse neighborhood in the city of Boston, Massachusetts with a population which includes Boston natives, students from neighboring Boston University, Boston College, MIT and Harvard and various ethnic groups such as Chinese, Vietnamese, Brazilian, and Irish. ... This article is about the neighborhood of Back Bay. ... Beacon Hill is a neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts covering approximately one square mile (2. ... Brighton is a section of the City of Boston in the US Commonwealth of Massachusetts. ... Birdseye view of Boston, Charlestown, Massachusetts and Bunker Hill between 1890 and 1910. ... Dorchester is the largest neighborhood within the City of Boston located within Suffolk County, Massachusetts. ... East Boston is a gritty blue-collar neighborhood that is separated from the rest of the city of Boston by Boston Harbor and bordered by Winthrop, Revere, and the Chelsea Creek. ... Jamaica Plain is a neighborhood in Boston, Massachusetts. ... Mattapan is a neighborhood in Boston, Massachusetts, United States. ... Fenway-Kenmore is a neighborhood (sometimes thought of as two neighborhoods) in Boston, Massachusetts. ... Categories: Stub | Boston neighborhoods ... Hyde Park is the most southern neighborhood of the City of Boston, Massachusetts. ... Roslindale is a neighborhood in Boston, Massachusetts, with the ZIP Code 02131. ... For the place in Connecticut, USA called Roxbury, see Roxbury, Connecticut. ... South Boston is a heavily populated neighborhood in Boston, Massachusetts, located south of the Fort Point Channel and abutting Dorchester Bay. ... The South End is a neighborhood in Boston, Massachusetts. ... This article surveys individual Chinatowns in North America. ... Originally part of the town of Roxbury, West Roxbury formed its own government in 1851 and was annexed by Boston in 1874. ... The Boston Public Garden is one portion of a large park located in the heart Boston, Massachusetts. ... African Americans, also known as Afro-Americans or black Americans, are an ethnic group in the United States of America whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Sub-Saharan and West Africa. ... Hispanic, as used in the United States, is one of several terms used to categorize US citizens, permanent residents and temporary immigrants, whose background hail either from the Spanish-speaking countries of Latin America or relating to a Spanish-speaking culture. ...


Law and government

The Massachusetts State House
The Massachusetts State House

Boston has a "strong mayor" system in which the mayor, currently Thomas Menino, is vested with extensive executive powers. The mayor is elected to a four-year term by plurality voting (see List of Mayors of Boston, Massachusetts). The City Council is elected every two years. There are nine wards or neighborhood seats, each elected by plurality voting by the residents of that ward. There are four at-large seats. Each voter casts up to four votes for at-large councilors, no more than one vote per candidate, and the candidates with the four highest vote totals are elected. The President of the City Council is elected by the Councilors from within themselves. The School Committee is appointed by the mayor, as are city department heads. Download high resolution version (1024x768, 386 KB)MA state house by sararech: This is the Hooker statue at the MA state house in Boston. ... Download high resolution version (1024x768, 386 KB)MA state house by sararech: This is the Hooker statue at the MA state house in Boston. ... A mayor (from the Latin maīor, meaning larger,greater) is the politician who serves as chief executive official of some types of municipalities. ... Thomas Michael Menino (born December 27, 1942) is the current mayor of Boston, Massachusetts, first elected on November 2, 1993. ... The first-past-the-post electoral system is a voting system for single-member districts, variously called first-past-the-post (FPTP or FPP), winner-take-all, plurality voting, or relative majority. ... Hugh OBrien (1884-1888) Thomas Hart (1889-1890) First time Nathan Matthews (1891-1894) Edwin Curtis (1895) Josiah Quincy (1895-1899) Thomas Hart (1900-1902) Second time Patrick Collins (1902-1905) Daniel Whelton (1905) John F. Fitzgerald (1906-1907) First time George Hibbard (1909-1910) John F. Fitzgerald (1911...


In addition to city government, numerous state authorities and commissions play a role in the life of Bostonians, including the Massachusetts Water Resources Authority (water and sewer) and the state's Department of Conservation and Recreation, formerly known as the Metropolitan District Commission (some parks and most beaches). The Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority runs the "T", Boston's public transport system. The Massachusetts Port Authority (Massport) operates Boston's Logan International Airport. Since the city is also the capital of Massachusetts, Boston plays a major role in state politics. The Massachusetts Water Resources Authority is an agency of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts that provides wholesale drinking water and sewage services to certain municipalities and industrial users in the state. ... The Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA) is a quasi-governmental organization formed in 1964 that controls most bus, subway, commuter rail and ferry systems in the greater Boston, Massachusetts, USA area. ... A taxi serving as a bus Public transport comprises all transport systems in which the passengers do not travel in their own vehicles. ... Massachusetts Port Authority, or Massport, is an independent agency of the state of Massachusetts. ... KBOS is the airport identification code. ... State nickname: Bay State Other U.S. States Capital Boston Largest city Boston Governor Mitt Romney Official languages English Area 27,360 km² (44th)  - Land 20,317 km²  - Water 7,043 km² (25. ... State nickname: Bay State Other U.S. States Capital Boston Largest city Boston Governor Mitt Romney Official languages English Area 27,360 km² (44th)  - Land 20,317 km²  - Water 7,043 km² (25. ...


Boston is also the United States federal government center for New England. Properties include the John F. Kennedy Federal Office Building and the Thomas P. O'Neil Federal Building. The National Archives has a regional center in nearby Waltham. The city also serves as the home of the United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit as well as the headquarters of the 1st District of the Federal Reserve Bank. This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Modern New England, the six northeastern-most states of the United States, indicated by red The New England region of the United States is located in the northeastern corner of the country. ... Waltham is a city located in Middlesex County, Massachusetts. ... The United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit is a federal court with appellate jurisdiction over the following United States District Courts: District of Maine District of Massachusetts District of New Hampshire District of Puerto Rico District of Rhode Island The court is based at the John Joseph... Banks 1st District - Federal Reserve Bank of Boston [1] 2nd District - Federal Reserve Bank of New York [2], with a branch in Buffalo, New York 3rd District - Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia [3] 4th District - Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland [4], with branches in Cincinnati, Ohio and Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 5th...


Colleges and universities

See also: List of colleges and universities in Massachusetts. The colleges and universities in Massachusetts include: Colleges and Universities Two-year colleges Bay State College (Boston) Benjamin Franklin Institute of Technology (Boston) Bristol Community College (Fall River) Bunker Hill Community College (Boston) Dean College (Franklin) Fisher College (Boston) Laboure College (Boston) Massachusetts Bay Community College (Wellesley) Massasoit Community College...


The Boston area is well known for its many colleges and universities. Boston College was the first institution of higher education founded in Boston; however, it moved from the South End to rural Chestnut Hill, so as to escape Boston's rapid urbanization. The Massachusetts Institute of Technology was also founded in Boston, near Copley Square; however, it too moved, so as to acquire more land, across the Charles River to Cambridge. Harvard University, the nation's oldest, and many would argue, most prestigious university, was founded in Cambridge, where it maintains its main campus; however, most of its current land holdings, including the campus' of the Harvard Business School and Harvard Medical School, are in Boston. Colleges and universities in metropolitan Boston include: // City of Boston Neighboring Cities and Towns Babson College (Wellesley) Bentley College (Waltham) Brandeis University (Waltham) Boston College (Chestnut Hill) Curry College (Milton) Harvard University (Cambridge) Hebrew College (Newton) Lasell College (Newton) Lesley University (Cambridge) Massachusetts Bay Community College (Wellesley) Massachusetts Institute of... Boston College is a private university located in Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts. ... Higher education is education provided by universities and other institutions that award academic degrees, such as university colleges, and liberal arts colleges. ... The South End is a neighborhood in Boston, Massachusetts. ... Boston College and the Chestnut Hill Reservoir Located 6 miles west of Boston, Chestnut Hill is a leafy suburb notable for its stately old houses, scenic landscape and the historic campus of Boston College. ... The Massachusetts Institute of Technology, or MIT, is a leading research and educational institution located in the city of Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA. MIT is a world leader in science and technology, as well as in many other fields, including management, economics, linguistics, political science, and philosophy. ... Categories: Stub | Boston ... Harvard University is a private university in Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA, and a member of the Ivy League. ... Harvard Business School Harvard Business School (HBS) is one of the graduate schools of Harvard University, and is one of the worlds leading management schools. ... Harvard Medical School Harvard Medical School is one of the graduate schools of Harvard University. ...


Today, the greater Boston area is home to over 100 colleges. Other schools in Boston proper include Berklee College of Music, Boston Conservatory, the Boston Architectural Center, Boston University, Emerson College, Emmanuel College, Fisher College, the Massachusetts College of Art, the New England Conservatory of Music, New England School of Law, Northeastern University, Simmons College, Suffolk University, University of Massachusetts Boston and Wentworth Institute of Technology. Surrounding cities host Babson College, Bentley College, Brandeis University, Hellenic College, Lesley University, the Longy School of Music, Merrimack College, Pine Manor College, Regis College, Tufts University and Wellesley College, among others. Berklee College of Music, founded in 1945, is an independent music college in Boston, Massachusetts with many prominent faculty, staff, alumni, and visiting artists. ... The Boston Conservatory trains exceptional young performing artists for careers that enrich and transform the human experience. ... Boston University is a non-sectarian private university located in Boston, Massachusetts. ... Emerson College was founded in 1880 as a school of oratory, in Boston, Massachusetts. ... Emmanuel College is a four-year Catholic liberal arts college located on The Fenway in Boston, Massachusetts. ... Fisher College is a two-year college located in Boston, Massachusetts. ... The New England Conservatory of Music (NEC) in Boston, Massachusetts is the oldest conservatory in the United States. ... The New England School of Law (NESL) is located in Boston, Massachusetts in the theater district. ... Northeastern University is a private university in Boston, Massachusetts. ... Simmons College is a womens college in Boston, Massachusetts. ... Suffolk University is a private college in Boston, Massachusetts, located in the citys historic Beacon Hill neighborhood. ... University of Massachusetts Boston, or UMass Boston is a university in Boston, Massachusetts in the northeastern United States. ... The Wentworth Institute of Technology is a nationally accredited institution located in Boston, Massachusetts. ... Babson College was founded by Roger Babson, a businessman and writer. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Brandeis University is a small, private university in Waltham, Massachusetts. ... The Longy School of Music, Cambridge, Massachusetts. ... Merrimack College is a small private college in North Andover, Massachusetts, located on Route 114. ... Pine Manor College, or PMC, is a private, womens liberal arts college located in Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts. ... Tufts University is a private university located in Medford and Somerville, Massachusetts (approximately 6 miles north of Boston). ... Wellesley College is a womens liberal arts college that opened in 1875, founded by Henry Fowle Durant and his wife Pauline Fowle Durant. ...


Arts and entertainment

Many consider Boston a highly cultured city, perhaps as a result of its intellectual reputation. Mark Twain once wrote of it, In New York they ask "how much money does he have?" In Philadelphia, they ask, "who were his parents?" In Boston they ask, "how much does he know?" Much of Boston's culture originates at its universities. Mark Twain Samuel Langhorne Clemens (November 30, 1835 – April 21, 1910), better known by his pen name Mark Twain, was a famous and popular American humorist, writer and lecturer. ...


The Theater District, south of Boston Common, contains a number of ornate theatres, including the Cutler Majestic Theatre and The Wang Center for the Performing Arts. Avant garde theatres are scattered throughout the city, especially near Huntington Avenue. View of the Water Celebration, on Boston Common, October 25th 1848 Boston Common is Boston, Massachusetts most famous public park and the oldest city park in the United States. ... The Cutler Majestic Theatre at Emerson College, in Boston, Massachusetts, is a 1903 Beaux Arts style opera house, designed by the architect John Galen Howard. ... The Wang Center for the Performing Arts, located in Boston, Massachusetts, consists of two theatres: The Wang Theatre and The Shubert Theatre. ...


The Boston Ballet is a world-renowned classical dance company.


The Boston Globe Jazz and Blues Festival takes place each June; the Boston Early Music Festival takes place every odd-numbered year. During the summer, there are musical performances at the Bank of America Pavilion on the South Boston waterfront. Bank of America (BofA) (NYSE: BAC), based in Charlotte, North Carolina, is the third largest bank in the United States of America, measured in assets. ... South Boston is a heavily populated neighborhood in Boston, Massachusetts, located south of the Fort Point Channel and abutting Dorchester Bay. ...


The Boston Film Festival is held annually in early September. Also, the weekend following Labor Day, the boutiques on Newbury Street close as over thirty art galleries spill out onto the street, providing access to their contents during Art Newbury Street. Labour Day (or Labor Day) is an annual holiday that resulted from efforts of the labour union movement, to celebrate the economic and social achievements of workers. ... Newbury Street is located in the Back Bay area of Boston, Massachusetts. ...


Boston is also home to a wide array of musical talent -- from bands like Boston, Dropkick Murphys, Godsmack, The Pixies, and Aerosmith -- to the world-renowned Boston Symphony Orchestra, the famed Boston Pops, the Boston Symphony Chamber Players, the Boston Philharmonic, the Boston Lyric Opera Company, and the Handel and Haydn Society, (the oldest choral company in the U.S.) among others. Boston is a best-selling rock band that achieved its most notable successes during the 1970s and 1980s. ... Dropkick Murphys are a punk rock band formed in the Irish Catholic working class neighborhoods of South Boston, Massachusetts, USA. They practiced in the basement of a friends barbershop, blending punk rock, Irish folk, rock, and hardcore into something they could call their own. ... Godsmack is an alternative metal band from Boston, Massachusetts. ... This article is about the band named Pixies. ... Aerosmith is a long-running hard rock band, originally forming in Boston, Massachusetts in the early 1970s, and enjoying a later resurgence in popularity in the late 1980s and mid-1990s. ... The Boston Symphony Orchestra is one of the worlds most renowned orchestras. ... The Boston Pops Orchestra was founded in 1885 as a subsection of the Boston Symphony Orchestra. ... Boston Lyric Opera New England (BLO) is an opera company in Boston, Massachusetts. ...


Major annual events

The Opera House and Sydney Harbour Bridge illuminated under New Years Eve Fireworks 2005 New Years Eve is a celebration held the day before New Years Day, on December 31, the final day of the year. ... These fireworks over the Washington Monument are typical of Fourth of July celebrations In the United States, Independence Day, also called the Fourth of July, is a federal holiday celebrating the adoption of the Declaration of Independence in 1776. ... The Boston Pops Orchestra was founded in 1885 as a subsection of the Boston Symphony Orchestra. ... A festival or fest is an event, usually staged by a local community, which centers on some theme, sometimes on some unique aspect of the community. ... St. ...

Boston in film, television, opera, and theatre

See also: List of television shows set in Boston This is a list of television shows set in Boston: A Ally McBeal B Banacek Boston Common Boston Legal Boston Public C Cheers Crossing Jordan G Goodnight, Beantown J James at 15 P Park Street Under The Practice R The Real World: Boston S Sabrina, the Teenage Witch St. ...

Time magazine, June 29, 1998. ... Blow is a 2001 drama film directed by Ted Demme, about an American cocaine smuggler. ... The Boondock Saints (1999) is a cult film about two Irish brothers in Boston who, in response to rampant organized crime, turn to vigilantism and are named Saints by the Boston press. ... Boston Legal (working title Fleet Street) is an ABC television series that is a spin-off to the long-running legal drama The Practice. ... Boston Public was a popular television show created by David E. Kelley and broadcast on the Fox Network from October 23, 2000 through 2004. ... Cheers is the name of a long-running sitcom made by Charles-Burrows-Charles Productions in association with Paramount Television for NBC. The show premiered on September 30, 1982 and had its widely-watched series finale on May 20, 1993, followed by a long and ongoing run in syndication. ... In medicine, a coma (from the Greek koma, meaning deep sleep) is a profound state of unconsciousness, which may result from a variety of conditions including intoxication (drug, alcohol or toxins), metabolic abnormalities (hypoglycemia, hyperglycemia, ketoacidosis, etc. ... Fever Pitch is the title of a 1992 book by British author Nick Hornby, which was the basis for a British film of 1997 and as of August 2004 was slated for a Hollywood remake in 2005. ... Good Will Hunting is a 1997 film directed by Gus Van Sant set in greater Boston, Massachusetts, which tells the story of Will Hunting, a troubled young prodigy who works as a janitor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology even though his knowledge of and facility with mathematics is superior... Harvard Man is a 2001 film written and directed by James Toback. ... Legally Blonde is a 2001 comedy film starring Reese Witherspoon, produced by Mark Platt for Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer studios and directed by Robert Luketic. ... Lemony Snickets A Series of Unfortunate Events is a 2004 movie, directed by Brad Silberling. ... Love Story is a 1970 romance motion picture drama directed by Arthur Hiller that tells the story of two college students: Oliver, the emotionally vacant son of rich parents; and the girl he falls in love with, Jenny, a brassy music major at Radcliffe. ... Monument Ave. ... Mystic River is an American film released in 2003, starring Sean Penn, Tim Robbins, and Kevin Bacon. ... The Paper Chase was a: 1970 novel, 1973 movie based on the novel television series based on the movie. ... South Boston is a neighborhood in Boston, Massachusetts, located south of the Fort Point Channel and abutting Dorchester Bay. ... St. ... The Thomas Crown Affair is a 1968 film starring Steve McQueen as Thomas Crown and Faye Dunaway as Vicki Anderson. ... Un Ballo in Maschera, or A Masked Ball, is an opera in three acts by Giuseppe Verdi with text by Antonio Somma. ... Giuseppe Verdi, by Giovanni Boldini, 1886 (National Gallery of Modern Art, Rome) Giuseppe Fortunino Francesco Verdi (October 10, 1813 – January 27, 1901) was one of the great composers of Italian opera. ... The Verdict is a 1982 film which tells the story of a down-on-his-luck lawyer who pushes a medical malpractice case in order to improve his own situation, but discovers along the way that he is actually doing the right thing. ... War of the Worlds is a 2005 modern retelling of H.G. Wells original novel. ... Whats the Worst That Could Happen? is an American comedy movie starring Martin Lawrence (as a master thief) and Danny DeVito (as a billionaire businessman) that was distributed by MGM in 2001. ...

Boston in fiction

See also: An annotated bibliography of fiction set in Boston (external weblink)

Edwin OConnor (1918 - 1968) was an American journalist and novelist who won the Pulitzer Prize in 1962 for The Edge of Sadness (1961). ... Edwin OConnor (1918 - 1968) was an American journalist and novelist who won the Pulitzer Prize in 1962 for The Edge of Sadness (1961). ... Spenser (he never reveals his first name) is a fictional character in a series of detective novels by American mystery writer Robert B. Parker. ... Robert B. Parkers novel Cold Service Robert B. Parker (born September 17, 1932) is an acclaimed American writer of detective fiction. ... The Da Vinci Code book cover The Da Vinci Code is a novel written by American author Dan Brown and published in 2003 by Doubleday Fiction (ISBN 0385504209). ... Dan Brown (born on June 22, 1964 in Exeter, New Hampshire) is an American author of detective thrillers. ... The protagonist is the central figure of a story, and is often referred to as a storys main character. ... Robert Langdon is a fictional character, Professor of Religious Symbology at Harvard University, in the novels Angels and Demons and The Da Vinci Code by Dan Brown. ... This article is about the writer; for the politician who was almost his contemporary see Henry James, 1st Baron James of Hereford. ... Looking Backward is a utopian novel by Edward Bellamy, first published in 1888. ... Cover of The Handmaids Tale The Handmaids Tale is a 1985 dystopian novel by Canadian author Margaret Atwood. ... Margaret Atwood Margaret Eleanor Peggy Atwood (born November 18, 1939) is a novelist, poet, literary critic, and a pioneer of Canadian womens writing. ... Harvard Square, May 2000 Cambridge is a city in the Greater Boston area of Massachusetts, United States. ... A dystopia (alternatively, cacotopia, kakotopia or anti-utopia) is the antithesis of a utopian society. ... The Sound and the Fury is a well known novel written by American author William Faulkner. ... William Faulkner, photographed by Carl Van Vechten, 1954 William Cuthbert Faulkner (September 25, 1897–July 6, 1962) was a Nobel Prize-winning novelist from Mississippi. ... Zodiac (1988) is Neal Stephensons second novel, which tells the story of an environmentalist uncovering a conspiracy involving industrialist pollutors and bicameral minded Satanists in the Boston Harbor. ... Neal Stephenson (b. ... Infinite Jest Infinite Jest (1996) is a critically acclaimed novel written by David Foster Wallace. ... David Foster Wallace (born February 21, 1962 in Ithaca, New York) is an American writer. ...

Economy

Boston's colleges and universities have drawn high-tech industries to the city, including computer hardware and software companies like EMC Corporation (headquartered in Hopkinton) and Akamai (headquartered in nearby Cambridge), as well as biotechnology companies like Millennium Pharmaceuticals and Biogen Idec. Other important industries include financial services, especially mutual funds and insurance. Boston headquartered Fidelity Investments helped popularize the mutual fund in the 1980s, and has made Boston one of the top financial cities in the United States. EMC Corporation (NYSE: EMC) is a manufacturer of high-end storage hardware and software and is headquartered in Hopkinton, Massachusetts. ... Hopkinton is a town located in southwestern Middlesex County, Massachusetts, about 40 km (25 mi) from Boston. ... Akamai Technologies, Inc. ... Harvard Square, May 2000 Cambridge is a city in the Greater Boston area of Massachusetts, United States. ... Biotechnology is technology based on biology, especially when used in agriculture, food science, and medicine. ... Biogen Idec Inc. ... Financial services is a term used to refer to the services provided by the finance industry. ... A mutual fund enables investors to pool their money and place it under professional investment management. ... Insurance, in law and economics, is a form of risk management primarily used to hedge against the risk of potential financial loss. ... Fidelity Investments is a privately-held financial services company, comprising a large family of mutual funds, their distributors and investment advisors, and a retail brokerage. ...


Shoe and athletic apparel maker Reebok is headquartered in nearby Canton. Raytheon has its global headquarters in nearby Waltham while Novell also has its corporate headquarters there. Boston Scientific is located in Natick, and Gillette is headquartered in Boston. Teradyne, one of the world's leading manufacturer of semiconductors and other electronic equipment, has its corporate headquarters located in Boston. Reebok International Limited (NYSE: RBK) is a Fortune 500 company and producer of athletic apparel. ... Canton is a town located in Norfolk County, Massachusetts. ... Raytheon Company (NYSE: RTN) is a major United States military contractor based in Waltham, Massachusetts. ... Waltham is a city located in Middlesex County, Massachusetts. ... Novell, Inc. ... The Gillette brand logo The Gillette Company (NYSE: G) is a company founded by King C. Gillette in 1901 as a safety razor manufacturer, which is currently based in Boston, Massachusetts. ... Overview Teradyne (NYSE:TER) is a leading supplier of Automatic Test Equipment (ATE) and interconnection systems. ...


The Port of Boston is the largest and busiest seaport in Massachusetts. It is also a major seaport along the United States east coast. The Port of Boston, centered on Boston, Massachusetts, is the largest seaport in Massachusetts. ...


According to Money Magazine, Boston is one of the world's 100 most expensive cities.


Health and medicine

As the home to some of the world's most respected research hospitals, Boston enjoys an international reputation in the medical field. One such hospital is the Massachusetts General Hospital (Mass General), which is affiliated with the Harvard Medical School. Rated as one of the best in the world, Mass General is the third oldest general hospital in the U.S., and the oldest and largest in New England. Another hospital affiliated with Harvard Medical is Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center. A physician visiting the sick in a hospital. ... The Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) is a hospital and medical research facility in Boston, Massachusetts. ... Harvard Medical School Harvard Medical School is one of the graduate schools of Harvard University. ... Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, located in Boston, Massachusetts, is one of the three major teaching hospitals of Harvard Medical School. ...


Other medical institutions include Brigham and Women's Hospital, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, the Lahey Clinic, and Children's Hospital Boston. The New England Medical Center is affiliated with Tufts University while the Boston Medical Center is the primary teaching facility for the Boston University School of Medicine. Brigham and Womens Hospital is a hospital in Boston, Massachusetts. ... Childrens Hospital Boston is a hospital located in Boston, Massachusetts, USA, adjacent to Brigham and Womens Hospital and Harvard Medical School. ... Tufts University is a private university located in Medford and Somerville, Massachusetts (approximately 6 miles north of Boston). ... Boston University is a non-sectarian private university located in Boston, Massachusetts. ...


Media

See also: Media in Boston. Media in Boston - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ...


The Boston Globe, owned by the New York Times Company, and The Boston Herald are Boston's two major daily newspapers. A local edition of The Metro, a free paper, is also available. The Boston Phoenix and the Weekly Dig are weekly newspapers. As of October 2004, the Weekly Dig is owned by Boston Magazine. Spare Change is a bi-weekly paper. The Boston Independent Media Center provides alternative views. Just Rentals and Just Property are exclusive to Real Estate and are bi-weekly. The Improper Bostonian is a biweekly "what's happening" guide to the Boston area. The Boston Globe is the most widely-circulated daily newspaper in Boston, Massachusetts and in the greater New England region. ... The New York Times Company (NYSE: NYT) is an American media company best known as the publisher of its namesake, The New York Times. ... The Boston Herald is a tabloid newspaper, the smaller of the two big dailies in Boston, Massachusetts, with a daily circulation of 242,957 in September 2002. ... Metro International is a Swedish media company. ... The Boston Phoenix is an alternative weekly publication in Boston, Massachusetts that emphasizes arts and entertainment coverage, as well as alternative political viewpoints. ... Bostons Weekly Dig (along with The Boston Phoenix) is one of the two popular free weekly rags or alternative weeklies found in Boston, Massachusetts. ... Bostons Weekly Dig (along with The Boston Phoenix) is one of the two popular free weekly rags or alternative weeklies found in Boston, Massachusetts. ... Spare Change is a newspaper published through the efforts of the Homeless Empowerment Project, a grassroots organization created to help end homelessness (from their website, [1]). As of 2004, each vendor of the paper typically receives $.75 for every $1. ...


Boston has the largest broadcasting market in New England, with the Boston radio market being the ninth largest in the United States. Several major AM stations include talk radio WRKO 680 AM, sports/talk station WEEI 850 AM, and news radio WBZ 1030 AM. A variety of FM radio formats serve the area as well as NPR stations WBUR and WGBH. University radio stations include WZBC (Boston College), WERS (Emerson), WHRB (Harvard), WMBR (MIT), and WUMB (UMass Boston). Modern New England, the six northeastern-most states of the United States, indicated by red The New England region of the United States is located in the northeastern corner of the country. ... Amplitude modulation (AM) is a form of modulation in which the amplitude of a carrier wave is varied in direct proportion to that of a modulating signal. ... Talk radio is a radio format which features discussion of topical issues. ... WRKO is an AM radio station based in Boston, Massachusetts, currently owned by Entercom and broadcasting on 680 KHz. ... WEEI is a sports-talk radio station broadcasting from Boston, Massachusetts. ... WBZ (AM) is the callsign for an AM radio station in Boston, Massachusetts, owned by Viacom. ... Frequency modulation (FM) is a form of modulation which represents information as variations in the instantaneous frequency of a carrier wave. ... A radio format or programming format describes the overall content broadcast on a radio station. ... NPR logo NPR redirects here. ... WBUR is the larger of two NPR member stations in Boston, Massachusetts. ... The TV version of the WGBH drop-shadow logo WGBH is an established public television station for Boston, Massachusetts, affiliated with public radio stations (PBS, and NPR & PRI). ... WZBC is the Boston College student-run radio station. ... WERS (89. ... WHRB is the student-run radio station of Harvard College. ... WMBR is the MIT-run student broadcasting station. ... WUMB (91. ...


The Boston television DMA, which also includes Manchester, New Hampshire, is the fifth largest in the United States [1]. The city is served by stations representing every major American network including: A designated market area is a group of counties in the United States that are covered by a specific television station. ... Manchester, New Hampshire Manchester is the largest city in New Hampshire and the largest city of northern New England, an area composed of Vermont, New Hampshire and Maine. ... In the United States, for most of the history of broadcasting, there were only four major national broadcasting networks. ...

  • CBS - WBZ Channel 4
  • ABC - WCVB Channel 5
  • NBC - WHDH Channel 7
  • FOX - WFXT Channel 25
  • PBS - WGBH Channel 2, which also operates WGBX channel 44, is a major producer of PBS programs.

The city is also served by several Spanish-language television stations including those of Univision (WUNI channel 27, licensed to Worcester), TeleFutura (WUTF channel 66), and Telemundo (WNEU channel 60, licensed to Merrimack, New Hampshire, and simulcast on WTMU-LP channel 32). Most Boston television stations have their transmitters in nearby Needham and Newton. CBSs first color logo, which debuted in the fall of 1965. ... WBZ-TV (CBS4) is the CBS television owned-and-operated station serving the Boston, Massachusetts, television market. ... The ABC Circle logo, designed by Paul Rand in 1962. ... WCVB-TV is the ABC affiliate in Boston, Massachusetts. ... The National Broadcasting Company or NBC is an American radio and television broadcasting company based in New York Citys Rockefeller Center. ... WHDH-TV (7 NBC) is the NBC affiliate in the Boston, Massachusetts television market. ... The Fox Broadcasting Company, usually referred to as just Fox, is a television network in the United States. ... WFXT is an American television station which uses the on-air brand Fox 25. ... PBS logo The Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) is a non-profit public broadcasting television service with 349 member TV stations in the United States. ... The TV version of the WGBH drop-shadow logo WGBH is an established public television station for Boston, Massachusetts, affiliated with public radio stations (PBS, and NPR & PRI). ... The TV version of the WGBH drop-shadow logo WGBH are call-letters for Boston, Massachusetts longtime public television and public radio stations ( PBS, and NPR & PRI affiliates, respectively). ... Univisión is one of the largest Spanish language television channels in the United States. ... Nickname: The Heart of the Commonwealth, The City of Seven Hills Location in Massachusetts Founded  -Incorporated 1673  1722 County Worcester County Mayor Timothy P. Murray (Dem) Area  - Total  - Water 99. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Merrimack is a town located in Hillsborough County, New Hampshire. ... Needham is a town located in Norfolk County, Massachusetts. ... Newton, Massachusetts is a suburb west of Boston. ...


Other television stations broadcasting in the Boston market are:

  • Channel 38 - WSBK (UPN)
  • Channel 46 - WWDP (ShopNBC)
  • Channel 48 - WYDN (DayStar)
  • Channel 56 - WLVI (WB)
  • Channel 62 - WMFP (Shop At Home)
  • Channel 68 - WBPX (PAX)

WSBK (UPN 38) is the UPN television affiliate serving Boston, Massachusetts. ... The official logo for UPN. UPN (which originally stood for the United Paramount Network) is a television network in the United States, owned by Viacom Inc. ... ShopNBC is a cable shopping network, owned by NBC Universal. ... DayStar is a evangelical Christian satellite network and production company. ... WLVI (WB 56) is the The WB television affiliate serving Boston, Massachusetts. ... The WB Television Network, casually referred to as The WB, is a television network in the United States, founded as a joint venture between the Warner Bros. ... WBPX68 Boston WBPX Channel 68 is an i (formerly known as Pax TV) station owned by Paxson Communications and serving the Greater Boston area. ... The i Network: Independent Television, or simply i, is a broadcast and cable television network first broadcasted on August 31, 1998. ...

Sites of interest

See also: Sites of interest in Boston The following is a list of sites of interests (attractions) in Boston, Massachusetts. ...

Image of the North End, Boston neighborhood. The Old North Church is at center, a Big Dig vent building is near the bottom, and the green Tobin Bridge over the Mystic River is at the top.

Due to the city's prominent role in the American Revolution, several historic sites relating to that period are preserved as part of the Boston National Historical Park. Many are found along the Freedom Trail, which is marked by a red line or bricks embedded in the ground. Such sites include: Download high resolution version (1024x494, 139 KB)This is a file from the Wikimedia Commons, a repository of free content hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation. ... Download high resolution version (1024x494, 139 KB)This is a file from the Wikimedia Commons, a repository of free content hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation. ... Categories: Stub | Boston neighborhoods ... Image of the North End, Boston neighborhood. ... The Big Dig is the unofficial name of the Central Artery/Tunnel Project (CA/T), a massive undertaking to route the Central Artery (Interstate 93), the chief controlled-access highway through the heart of Boston, Massachusetts, into a tunnel under the city, replacing a previous elevated roadway. ... Bostons North End and the Tobin Bridge The Maurice J. Tobin Memorial Bridge, operated by the Massachusetts Port Authority, carries U.S. Highway 1 over the Mystic River in Massachusetts between Charlestown and Chelsea. ... Mystic River - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Before the Revolution: The 13 colonies are in red, the pink area was claimed by Great Britain after the French and Indian War, and the orange region was claimed by Spain. ... Bostons Freedom Trail is a red (mostly brick) path through downtown Boston which leads to sixteen significant historical sites. ...

Aerial view of the Back Bay and Cambridge
Aerial view of the Back Bay and Cambridge

Once a shallow lagoon, the Back Bay district now includes many prominent landmarks and sites of interests such as the Christian Science Center, Boston Public Library, Copley Square, Newbury Street, and Trinity Church. Back Bay is also the home of two of New England's tallest buildings: the John Hancock Tower and the Prudential Center. Near the John Hancock Tower is the old John Hancock Building with its prominent weather forecast beacon. Other notable districts/neighborhoods include Beacon Hill, Charlestown, Chinatown, Downtown Crossing, North End, and South Boston. View of the Water Celebration, on Boston Common, October 25th 1848 Boston Common is Boston, Massachusetts most famous public park and the oldest city park in the United States. ... The Boston Public Garden is one portion of a large park located in the heart Boston, Massachusetts. ... Bunker Hill Monument. ... Faneuil Hall, east side Quincy Market Faneuil Hall, located near the waterfront and Government Center in Boston, Massachusetts has been a marketplace and a meeting hall since 1742. ... Founded in 1660, the Granary Burying Ground on Tremont Street in Boston, Massachusetts is the citys third oldest cemetery. ... Categories: Buildings and structures stubs | Government of Massachusetts | Freedom Trail | U.S. state capitols ... Categories: US geography stubs ... Image of the North End, Boston neighborhood. ... Portrait of Paul Revere by John Singleton Copley, c. ... Download high resolution version (2186x953, 385 KB)Aerial view of Back Bay, Boston including the Prudential Center and John Hancock Tower, and Cambridge, Massachusetts. ... Download high resolution version (2186x953, 385 KB)Aerial view of Back Bay, Boston including the Prudential Center and John Hancock Tower, and Cambridge, Massachusetts. ... This article is about the neighborhood of Back Bay. ... Harvard Square, May 2000 Cambridge is a city in the Greater Boston area of Massachusetts, United States. ... This article is about the neighborhood of Back Bay. ... The Church of Christ, Scientist, often known as The Christian Science Church or simply Christian Science, has its roots in Protestant Christianity. ... The Boston Public Library was established in 1848. ... Categories: Stub | Boston ... Newbury Street is located in the Back Bay area of Boston, Massachusetts. ... Trinity Church in Boston. ... Aerial view of Back Bay, Boston including the Charles River, 111 Huntington Avenue, Prudential Tower, and John Hancock Tower Three different buildings in Boston, Massachusetts, have been known as the John Hancock Building, and perhaps a fourth will be. ... Prudential Tower in 1963, with construction not quite finished. ... Aerial view of Back Bay, Boston including the Charles River, 111 Huntington Avenue, Prudential Tower, and John Hancock Tower Three different buildings in Boston, Massachusetts, have been known as the John Hancock Building, and perhaps a fourth will be. ... Beacon Hill is a neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts covering approximately one square mile (2. ... Birdseye view of Boston, Charlestown, Massachusetts and Bunker Hill between 1890 and 1910. ... This article surveys individual Chinatowns in North America. ... Downtown Crossing is a shopping district in Boston, Massachusetts, located due south of the Boston Common and west of the Finacial District. ... North End can refer to: North End, County Durham, England North End, Somerset, England North End, Yorkshire, England North End, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America See also: Northend This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... South Boston is a heavily populated neighborhood in Boston, Massachusetts, located south of the Fort Point Channel and abutting Dorchester Bay. ...


The Charles River, with long stretches of parks along its banks, is a major recreation site for many Bostonians. It is also the site of the Esplanade where the Boston Pops Orchestra play their annual Fourth of July concerts to large crowds. Charles River in Cambridge The Charles River is a small, relatively short Massachusetts river that separates Boston from Cambridge and Charlestown. ... An Australian park A park is any of a number of geographic features. ... An esplanade is a raised walkway area. ... The Boston Pops A Boner Orchestra was founded in 1885 as a subsection of the Boston Symphony Orchestra. ... These fireworks over the Washington Monument are typical of Fourth of July celebrations In the United States, Independence Day, also called the Fourth of July, is a federal holiday celebrating the adoption of the Declaration of Independence in 1776. ...


Boston is home to several world-renowned museums, including the Museum of Fine Arts, the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum, and the Museum of Science. Other notable museums are located at Harvard University and MIT. Paul Gauguin, Where Do We Come From? What Are We? Where Are We Going? (Doù venons-nous? Que faisons-nous? Où allons-nous?) (1897). ... The Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum is a museum in Boston, Massachusetts dedicated to European and American art. ... The Museum of Science is a Boston landmark, located in Science Park, a plot of land spanning the Charles River. ...


The University of Massachusetts campus at Columbia Point houses the John Fitzgerald Kennedy Library. The New England Aquarium as well as the Franklin Park Zoo are located within the city. The University of Massachusetts (commonly referred to as UMass) is the five-campus public university system of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. ... The John Fitzgerald Kennedy Library is the presidential library and museum of U.S. President John F. Kennedy. ... The New England Aquarium is a major aquarium located in the city of Boston, Massachusetts. ... The Franklin Park Zoo, located in Boston, Massachusetts, is one of the oldest zoos in the U.S. It is operated by Zoo New England, which also operates the Stone Zoo in Stoneham, Massachusetts. ...


Other sites of interest include Castle Island and Kenmore Square. There are also two self-guided walking tours: Harbor Walk, which is designed to allow people the walk the entire shore of Boston Harbor, and the Black Heritage Trail. A popular guided tour is the Boston Duck Tours, which uses World War II-era duck boats. Many of the Boston Harbor Islands are part of the Boston Harbor Islands National Recreation Area that is run by the National Park Service. Castle Island is a 22 acre major recreation site located in South Boston on Boston Harbor. ... A square in Boston, Massachusetts near Fenway Park, although not so much a square as a confusing collision of several main avenues, (including Beacon Street and Commonwealth Avenue,) a few cross streets, and a T stop, (Kenmore Station. ... Categories: Stub | Massachusetts geography | Boston ... The Black Heritage Trail is path in Boston, Massachusetts, winding through the Beacon Hill neighborhood and sites important in American black history. ... A DUKW in WW II. The DUKW, popularly called the DUCK, is a six-wheel-drive amphibious truck developed by the United States during World War 2 for transporting goods and troops over land and water and for use approaching and crossing beaches in amphibious attacks. ... The Harbor Islands of Boston Harbor, Boston, Massachusetts, are a collection of 34 islands, many of which are open for public recreation and some of which are very small and best suited for wildlife. ... The National Park Service (NPS) is the United States Federal Government agency that deals with all National Parks, many National Monuments, and other conservation properties with various designations. ...


Sports

The 100th running of the Boston Marathon, 1996
Enlarge
The 100th running of the Boston Marathon, 1996

See also: U.S. cities with teams from four major sports Download high resolution version (528x792, 137 KB)Image of the Boston Marathon (courtesy http://philip. ... Download high resolution version (528x792, 137 KB)Image of the Boston Marathon (courtesy http://philip. ... The 100th running of the Boston Marathon, 1996 The Boston Marathon is an annual marathon sporting event hosted by the city of Boston, Massachusetts on Patriots Day, the third Monday of April each year. ... In the United States, the four prominent major sports leagues are Major League Baseball (MLB), the National Football League (NFL), the National Basketball Association (NBA), and the National Hockey League (NHL). ...


The TD Banknorth Garden near North Station is the home of two major league teams: TD Banknorth Garden, formerly called FleetCenter, is a sports arena in downtown Boston, Massachusetts. ... Platforms at North Station North Station, located at Causeway and Nashua Streets, in Boston, Massachusetts is a major transportation hub. ...

The Celtics have the distinction of having more World Championships than any other NBA team with 16 championships from 1957 to 1986. The Boston Bruins are a National Hockey League team based in Boston, Massachusetts. ... Ice hockey, known simply as hockey in areas where it is more common than field hockey, is a team sport played on ice. ... The National Hockey League (NHL) is a professional sports organization composed of ice hockey teams in the United States and Canada, where it is also known by its French name, Ligue Nationale de Hockey (LNH). ... The Boston Celtics are a National Basketball Association team based in Boston, Massachusetts. ... Basketball Basketball is a ball sport in which two teams of five players each try to score points by throwing a ball through a hoop. ... NBA logo, depicting former star Jerry West The National Basketball Association, more popularly known as simply the NBA, is the worlds premier mens professional basketball league. ... 1957 was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1986 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The baseball team Boston Red Sox is a member of the American League of Major League Baseball. They play at Fenway Park, the oldest ballpark in active use in the United States. After eighty-six years, the Red Sox became the World Series Winners (World Champions) in 2004. Boston was once the home of the National League baseball team Boston Braves as well as the site of the first World Series in 1903. The game was played between the Boston Pilgrims (currently the Boston Red Sox) and the Pittsburgh Pirates. Baseball is a team sport, in which a fist-sized ball is thrown by a defensive player called a pitcher and hit by an offensive player called a batter with a round, smooth stick called a bat. ... The Boston Red Sox are a Major League Baseball team located in Boston, Massachusetts. ... The American League (or formally the American League of Professional Baseball Clubs) is one of two leagues that make up Major League Baseball in the United States of America and Canada. ... MLB logo Major League Baseball (MLB) is the highest level of play in professional baseball in the world. ... Fenway Park is the home ballpark for the 2004 World Series Champion Boston Red Sox baseball club. ... 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article refers to the American baseball league. ... Two major American professional sports teams have existed under the name Boston Braves, both of which still exist today but are no longer located in Boston, Massachusetts. ... In baseball, the World Series is the championship series of Major League Baseball in North America, played in October after the end of the regular season between the pennant winner of the American League and the pennant winner of the National League. ... 1903 has the latest occurring solstices and equinoxes for 400 years, because the Gregorian calendar hasnt had a leap year for seven years or a century leap year since 1600. ... The Pittsburgh Pirates are a Major League Baseball team based in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ...


Nearby Foxboro is the home of the New England Patriots (National Football League), Super Bowl Winners in the 2001, 2003, and 2004 seasons; and the New England Revolution (Major League Soccer). Both teams play at Gillette Stadium. Foxborough (or Foxboro) is a town located in Norfolk County, Massachusetts, 20 miles (32 kilometers) southwest of Boston. ... Conference AFC Division East Founded 1960 Home Field Gillette Stadium City Foxborough, Massachusetts Colors Red, white, blue, and silver Head Coach Bill Belichick All-Time Record (W-L-T) (At Start of 2005 Season) 344-349-9 The New England Patriots are a National Football League team based in Foxborough... NFL logo The National Football League (NFL) is the largest and most popular professional American football league, consisting of thirty-two teams from American cities. ... The Super Bowl is the championship game of the National Football League, the pinnacle of American football. ... Year Founded 1995 League Major League Soccer Stadium Gillette Stadium Coach Steve Nicol, 2002- All-Time Leaders* Games Ted Chronopoulos, 144 Goals Taylor Twellman, 47 Assists Joe-Max Moore, 35 Points Joe-Max Moore, 117 Shutouts Adin Brown, 10 First Game Tampa Bay Mutiny 3 - 2 New England Revolution (Tampa... MLS logo Major League Soccer (MLS) is the top soccer league in the United States in the American Soccer Pyramid, sanctioned by the professional division of the United States Soccer Federation (USSF or U.S. Soccer), a member of Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA). ... Gillette Stadium is the home stadium for the New England Patriots football team and the New England Revolution soccer team. ...


Another major league team is the lacrosse team Boston Cannons of Major League Lacrosse. The team plays at Boston University's Nickerson Field. High School lacrosse action. ... The Boston Cannons are a lacrosse team based in Boston, Massachusetts. ... Major League Lacrosse is a professional lacrosse league played in the United States. ... Boston University is a non-sectarian private university located in Boston, Massachusetts. ... Nickerson Field is located on the site of Braves Field, in Boston, Massachusetts the former home of the National League Boston Braves baseball team, now located in Atlanta, Georgia. ...


Boston's many colleges and universities field sports teams. The most well-known include Boston College, Boston University, Northeastern University, and Harvard University. The city is also the site of two major annual sporting events: the Boston Marathon, the world-famous 26-mile run, and the Head of the Charles Regatta. Boston College is a private university located in Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts. ... Boston University is a non-sectarian private university located in Boston, Massachusetts. ... Northeastern University is a private university in Boston, Massachusetts. ... Harvard University is a private university in Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA, and a member of the Ivy League. ... The 100th running of the Boston Marathon, 1996 The Boston Marathon is an annual marathon sporting event hosted by the city of Boston, Massachusetts on Patriots Day, the third Monday of April each year. ... The Head of the Charles Regatta is a rowing race held annually on the Charles River, which separates Boston, Massachusetts from Cambridge. ...


Transportation

Main article: Boston transportation Roads Bostons streets may seem as though they were not planned -- a common fiction is that they evolved from old cowpaths -- but in the 1600s they avoided swamps and marshes and followed shorelines before the original peninsula comprising the city was expanded with landfill in the nineteenth century. ...

Airports

Logan International Airport, located in the East Boston neighborhood of the city, is the major airport serving Boston. Other airports serving the city and surrounding areas include: KBOS is the airport identification code. ... East Boston is a gritty blue-collar neighborhood that is separated from the rest of the city of Boston by Boston Harbor and bordered by Winthrop, Revere, and the Chelsea Creek. ...

Roads and highways

Boston's streets appear as though they were not planned—a common fiction is that they evolved from old cowpaths. Except for the Back Bay and part of South Boston, the city has no street grid. Roads change names and lose and add lanes seemingly at random. The city also has a number of rotaries, which have confused many drivers. Hanscom Field is an airport located in Bedford, Massachusetts, United States. ... British troops fire on Minutemen during The Battle of Lexington Lexington is a town located in Middlesex County, Massachusetts. ... Bedford is a town located in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, USA. As of the 2000 census, the town had a total population of 12,595. ... Aerial View of T.F. Green Airport T. F. Green Airport (IATA: PVD, ICAO: KPVD) is an airport in Warwick, Rhode Island, near Providence. ... Motto: What Cheer Nickname: Beehive of Industry Location in Rhode Island Founded  -Incorporated  1636  1832 County  Providence County Mayor  David N. Cicilline (Dem) Area  - Total  - Water  53. ... FAA diagram of Manchester Airport Manchester Airport is located in Manchester, New Hampshire. ... Manchester, New Hampshire Manchester is the largest city in New Hampshire and the largest city of northern New England, an area composed of Vermont, New Hampshire and Maine. ... Aerial view of Back Bay, Boston including the Charles River, Prudential Center and John Hancock Tower Back Bay is an officially recognized neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts. ... South Boston is a heavily populated neighborhood in Boston, Massachusetts, located south of the Fort Point Channel and abutting Dorchester Bay. ... The grid plan is a type of city plan in which streets run at right angles to each other, forming a grid. ... A roundabout, rotary, or gyratory circus is a type of road junction (or traffic calming device) at which traffic streams circularly around a central island after first yielding to the circulating traffic. ...


Boston is the eastern terminus of I-90, also known as the Mass Pike. I-95, which surrounds the city, is also known as Route 128. US 1 and I-93 runs north to south through the city. The most infamous portion, the Central Artery, runs through downtown Boston. The old elevated highway was constantly prone to heavy traffic. Through the Big Dig, the elevated highway was replaced with a tunnel. Interstate 90 is the longest interstate highway in the United States at over 3,100 miles. ... Massachusetts Turnpike logo. ... Interstate 95 or (I-95) is an interstate highway that runs 1907 miles (3070 kilometers) north-south along the east coast of the United States. ... Route 128 is a ring highway with Boston at its center and surrounded by the concentric Interstate 495. ... United States Highway 1 is a United States highway which parallels the east coast of the United States. ... Interstate 93 is an interstate highway in the New England section of the United States. ... The Central Artery, officially the John F. Fitzgerald Expressway, is a section of freeway in downtown Boston, Massachusetts, designated as Interstate 93, U.S. Highway 1 and Route 3. ... In many parts of the world traffic is generally organized, flowing in lanes of travel for a particular direction, with interchanges, traffic signals, or signage at intersectons to facilitate the orderly and timely flow of traffic. ... The Big Dig is the unofficial name of the Central Artery/Tunnel Project (CA/T), a massive undertaking to route the Central Artery (Interstate 93), the chief controlled-access highway through the heart of Boston, Massachusetts, into a tunnel under the city, replacing a previous elevated roadway. ...

Intercity trains and mass transit

Intercity trains operate from two stations. Amtrak's Northeast Corridor and Chicago lines originate at South Station and stop at Back Bay. Fast Northeast Corridor trains, which service New York City, Washington, D.C., and points in between, also stop at Route 128 Station in the southwestern suburbs of Boston. Meanwhile, Amtrak's Downeaster service to Maine originates at North Station. Amtrak is the trademark name of the intercity passenger train system created on May 1, 1971 in the United States. ... An Amtrak train on the NEC in New Jersey, as seen from an NJ Transit train. ... Chicago, Illinois — officially the City of Chicago and colloquially known as Chicago, the Second City and the Windy City — is the third largest city of the United States after New York City and Los Angeles and is the largest inland city of the nation. ... South Station front entrance. ... Back Bay Station, located at 145 Dartmouth Street, between Stuart Street and Columbus Avenue, in Back Bay, Boston, is an important transportation center. ... Midtown Manhattan, looking north from the Empire State Building, 2005 New York City (officially named the City of New York and abbreviated NYC) is the most populous city in the United States, and is at the center of international finance, politics, communications, music, fashion, and culture. ... Aerial photo (looking NW) of the Washington Monument and the White House in Washington, D.C. Washington, D.C., officially the District of Columbia (also known as D.C.; Washington; the Nations Capital; the District; and, historically, the Federal City) is the capital city and administrative district of the... Amtrak waiting area at Rte 128 station. ... Amtrak is the trademark name of the intercity passenger train system created on May 1, 1971 in the United States. ... The Downeaster is a passenger railway line operated by Amtrak, connecting North Station in Boston, Massachusetts to Portland, Maine. ... State nickname: The Pine Tree State Other U.S. States Capital Augusta Largest city Portland Governor John Baldacci Official languages None Area 86,542 km² (39th)  - Land 80,005 km²  - Water 11,724 km² (13. ... Platforms at North Station North Station, located at Causeway and Nashua Streets, in Boston, Massachusetts is a major transportation hub. ...


The MBTA operates bus lines, commuter rail, subways, and water shuttles within the city and surrounding region. The Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA) is a quasi-governmental organization formed in 1964 that controls most bus, subway, commuter rail and ferry systems in the greater Boston, Massachusetts, USA area. ... TheBus, established by Mayor Frank Fasi, is Honolulus only public transit system. ... A Virginia Railway Express locomotive in push-pull commuter service (www. ... Metro and Subway redirect here. ...


Notable Bostonians

Main article: Notable Bostonians The following is a list of notable Bostonians. ...


Several people who were instrumental during the American Revolution and the early days of the United States hail from the Boston area. They include Samuel Adams, Benjamin Franklin, John Hancock, and Paul Revere. John Adams and John Quincy Adams were early U.S. Presidents. Before the Revolution: The 13 colonies are in red, the pink area was claimed by Great Britain after the French and Indian War, and the orange region was claimed by Spain. ... Samuel Adams (September 27, 1722 – October 2, 1803) was an American revolutionary and organizer of the Boston Tea Party. ... Benjamin Franklin by Jean-Baptiste Greuze 1777 For the former mayor of Nepean, see Ben Franklin (politician) Dr. Benjamin Franklin (January 17, 1706 – April 17, 1790) was an American printer, journalist, publisher, author, philanthropist, abolitionist, public servant, scientist, librarian, diplomat, and inventor. ... Portrait of Hancock (full portrait) Hancocks signature on the United States Declaration of Independence John Hancock (January 12, 1737 (O.S.) – October 8, 1793 (N.S.)) was President of the Continental Congress, and the first person to sign the United States Declaration of Independence. ... Portrait of Paul Revere by John Singleton Copley, c. ... Order: 2nd President Vice President: Thomas Jefferson Term of office: March 4, 1797 – March 4, 1801 Preceded by: George Washington Succeeded by: Thomas Jefferson Date of birth: October 30, 1735 Place of birth: Braintree, Massachusetts Date of death: July 4, 1826 Place of death: Quincy, Massachusetts First Lady: Abigail Adams... Order: 6th President Vice President: John Caldwell Calhoun Term of office: March 4, 1825 – March 4, 1829 Preceded by: James Monroe Succeeded by: Andrew Jackson Date of birth: July 11, 1767 Place of birth: Braintree, Massachusetts Date of death: February 23, 1848 Place of death: Washington, D.C. First Lady... Seal of the President of the United States The President of the United States is the head of state of the United States. ...


Prominent Boston area politicians include members of the Kennedy family, such as John F. Kennedy, Robert Kennedy, and Joseph P. Kennedy, Sr. John Kerry, the Democratic candidate for President in 2004, maintains a home in Boston. John, Robert, and Edward Kennedy The Kennedy family is a prominent Irish Catholic family in American politics and government descending from the marriage of Joseph P. and Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy. ... Order: 35th President Vice President: Lyndon B. Johnson Term of office: January 20, 1961 – November 22, 1963 Preceded by: Dwight D. Eisenhower Succeeded by: Lyndon B. Johnson Date of birth: May 29, 1917 Place of birth: Brookline, Massachusetts Date of death: November 22, 1963 Place of death: Dallas, Texas First... Robert Kennedy Robert Francis Bobby Kennedy, also called RFK (November 20, 1925–June 6, 1968) was the younger brother of President John F. Kennedy, and was appointed by his brother as Attorney General for his administration. ... This article is about the politician, Joseph Kennedy, Sr. ... Office: Junior Senator, Massachusetts Political party: Democratic Term of office: January 1985 – Present Preceded by: Paul Tsongas Succeeded by: Incumbent (2009) Date of birth: December 11, 1943 Place of birth: Aurora, Colorado Marriage: (1) Julia Thorne, divorced (2) Teresa Heinz Kerry John Forbes Kerry (born December 11, 1943) is the... The Democratic Party is one of two major political parties in the United States. ... 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The Boston area has also produced several actors including Ben Affleck, Matt Damon, Jack Lemmon, Leonard Nimoy, Mark Wahlberg, and Geena Davis. Boston area musicians include the Dropkick Murphys, Godsmack, Aerosmith, the Pixies, The Mighty Mighty Bostones, The Cars, Powerman 5000 and the rock band Boston. Other notable Bostonians include writers, inventors, and businesspeople such as Ralph Waldo Emerson, Oliver Wendell Holmes, Edgar Allan Poe, Samuel F. B. Morse, Alexander Graham Bell, and Sumner Redstone. Ben Affleck Benjamin Geza Affleck (born August 15, 1972), is an American actor. ... Matthew Paige Damon (born October 8, 1970) is an American film actor. ... Jack Uhler Lemmon III (February 8, 1925 – June 27, 2001) was a consummate Hollywood actor. ... Nimoy signing autographs at a Star Trek convention (circa 1978). ... Mark Wahlberg and Singer/Actor Eric West pose together at MTV Video Music Awards September, 2000 Mark Robert Michael Wahlberg (born June 5, 1971 in Dorchester, Massachusetts) is an American entertainer, and is now known primarily as an actor. ... Virginia Elizabeth Geena Davis (born January 21, 1956 in Wareham, Massachusetts) is an American film actress. ... Dropkick Murphys are a punk rock band formed in the Irish Catholic working class neighborhoods of South Boston, Massachusetts, USA. They practiced in the basement of a friends barbershop, blending punk rock, Irish folk, rock, and hardcore into something they could call their own. ... Godsmack is an alternative metal band from Boston, Massachusetts. ... Aerosmith is a long-running hard rock band, originally forming in Boston, Massachusetts in the early 1970s, and enjoying a later resurgence in popularity in the late 1980s and mid-1990s. ... This article is about the band named Pixies. ... The Cars were an American new wave band, one of the most popular to emerge out of the early punk scene in the late 1970s. ... Powerman 5000 is a Boston-based metal band formed in 1989. ... Boston is a best-selling rock band that achieved its most notable successes during the 1970s and 1980s. ... Ralph Waldo Emerson Ralph Waldo Emerson (May 25, 1803 – April 27, 1882) was a famous American essayist and one of Americas most influential thinkers and writers. ... Oliver Wendell Holmes Sr. ... This daguerreotype of Poe was taken less than a year before his death at the age of 40. ... Portrait of Samuel F. B. Morse by Mathew Brady, between 1855 and 1865 Morse in earlier years Samuel Finley Breese Morse (April 27, 1791 – April 2, 1872) was an American inventor, and painter of portraits and historic scenes; he is most famous for inventing the electric telegraph and Morse code. ... Alexander Graham Bell (March 3, 1847–August 2, 1922) was a scientist, inventor, and founder of the Bell Telephone Company, known as the father of the telephone. ... Sumner M. Redstone (born May 27, 1923) is Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer of Viacom. ...


Fictional people from the city

Trapper John McIntyre, also known as John Francis Xavier McIntyre, is a character in Richard Hookers novel M*A*S*H. The only man who ever took a piece in the ladies can of a Boston & Maine train, McIntyre was depicted by Elliott Gould in the film M*A... Major Charles Emerson Winchester III is a principal character on the television series, M*A*S*H, played by David Ogden Stiers. ... M*A*S*H at the Internet Movie Database Finest Kind - Fan Site w/ News, Episode Guides, Video Clips U.K. Fan Site w/ Interviews, Episode Guides Best Care Anywhere - Fan Site w/ Episode Guides, Memorable Moments TV Tome Categories: 1970s TV shows in the United States | 1980s TV shows... Television is a telecommunication system for broadcasting and receiving moving pictures and sound over a distance. ... A sitcom or situation comedy is a genre of comedy performance originally devised for radio but today typically found on television. ... Cheers is the name of a long-running sitcom made by Charles-Burrows-Charles Productions in association with Paramount Television for NBC. The show premiered on September 30, 1982 and had its widely-watched series finale on May 20, 1993, followed by a long and ongoing run in syndication. ... 1961 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Parent Trap is the title of two movies by Walt Disney Corporation, one made in 1961 and a remake made in 1998. ... Eliza Dushku as Faith Faith is a fictional character from the television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Angel, played by Eliza Dushku. ... Buffy the Vampire Slayer is a U.S. television series loosely based on the 1992 movie of the same name. ... South Boston is a heavily populated neighborhood in Boston, Massachusetts, located south of the Fort Point Channel and abutting Dorchester Bay. ...

Sister cities

Boston is a sister city (that is, a twinned town) of these municipalities: This article is about partnerships between towns distant from each other; see Twin cities for the unrelated concept of physically neighbouring cities. ...

This page is about the city Kyoto. ... City motto: – City proper (commune) Région Alsace Département Bas-Rhin (67) Mayor Fabienne Keller (UMP) (since 2001) Area 78. ... Barcelona within Barcelonès Population (2003) 1,582,738 Area 1004 Km2 Population density (2001) 15,764/Km2 Barcelona is the capital of Catalonia, an autonomous community in northeastern Spain, and the countrys second-largest city (after Madrid). ... Hangzhou (Chinese: 杭州; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Hang-chou) is a sub-provincial city in China, and the capital of Zhejiang province. ... Melbourne is the capital and largest city of the state of Victoria, and the second largest city in Australia, with a population of 3,600,650 in the Melbourne metropolitan area (June 2004) and 52,118 in the City of Melbourne (which covers only the central city area). ... For the Lebanese singer, see Haifa Wahbe Haifa (Hebrew חיפה; Arabic حيفا Ḥayfā) is the third-largest city in Israel, with a population close to 300,000. ... Location within Italy Tronco Maestro Riviera: a pedestrian walk along a section of the inland waterway or naviglio interno of Padua The city of Padua (Lat. ... City nickname: the City of Azaleas Capital District Xinyi Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 16 of 25 271. ... The Republic of China (Traditional Chinese: 中華民國; Simplified Chinese: 中华民国; Wade-Giles: Chung-hua Min-kuo, Tongyong Pinyin: JhongHuá MínGuó, Hanyu Pinyin: Zhōnghuá Mínguó, Taiwanese POJ: Tiong-hoâ Bîn-kok) is a multiparty democratic state that is effectively composed of the island groups of Taiwan, the Pescadores, Quemoy... Sekondi-Takoradi, population 93,822 (1984), is the capital of the Western Region of Ghana. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... State nickname: Beaver State Other U.S. States Capital Salem Largest city Portland Governor Ted Kulongoski Official languages None Area 255,026 km² (9th)  - Land 248,849 km²  - Water 6,177 km² (2. ...

References

External links


Flag of Massachusetts

The Commonwealth of Massachusetts File links The following pages link to this file: Cape Cod Nantucket, Massachusetts Barnstable County, Massachusetts Berkshire County, Massachusetts Bristol County, Massachusetts Dukes County, Massachusetts Essex County, Massachusetts Franklin County, Massachusetts Hampden County, Massachusetts Hampshire County, Massachusetts Middlesex County, Massachusetts Norfolk County, Massachusetts Plymouth County, Massachusetts Suffolk County, Massachusetts Worcester... State nickname: Bay State Other U.S. States Capital Boston Largest city Boston Governor Mitt Romney Official languages English Area 27,360 km² (44th)  - Land 20,317 km²  - Water 7,043 km² (25. ...

Capital:

Boston

Regions:

The Berkshires | Greater Boston | Cape Cod | North Shore | Pioneer Valley | South Shore | Western Massachusetts The Berkshires are a branch of the Appalachian Mountains in Western Massachusetts. ... Greater Boston is the area of Massachusetts closely surrounding Boston, Massachusetts. ... Cape Cod and the Massachusetts and Rhode Island coastline Cape Cod and Cape Cod Bay from space, April 1997. ... The North Shore is a region north of Boston, consisting chiefly of urban suburban communities of Essex County along Massachusetts Bay. ... The southern portion of the Pioneer Valley looking south down the Connecticut River. ... The South Shore of Massachusetts is a geographic region stretching south and east from Boston along the shore of Massachusetts Bay toward Cape Cod. ... Western Massachusetts is a geographical region of the state of Massachusetts which contains the Berkshires and the Pioneer Valley. ...

Cities:

Attleboro | Boston | Brockton | Cambridge | Chicopee | Fall River | Fitchburg | Gardner | Holyoke | Lawrence | Lowell | New Bedford | Northampton | Pittsfield | Salem | Springfield | Taunton | Westfield | Woburn | Worcester List of cities in Massachusetts, arranged in alphabetical order. ... Attleboro is a city located in Bristol County, Massachusetts and is immediately north of Pawtucket, Rhode Island. ... Brockton is a city located in Plymouth County, Massachusetts. ... Harvard Square, May 2000 Cambridge is a city in the Greater Boston area of Massachusetts, United States. ... Chicopee is a city located on the Connecticut River in Hampden County, Massachusetts. ... Fall River is a city located in Bristol County, Massachusetts. ... The L.J. Brown Block, Main Street, Fitchburg, circa 1885, from a Bay State Monthly article Fitchburg is a city located in Worcester County, Massachusetts. ... Gardner is a city located in Worcester County, Massachusetts. ... Holyoke is a city located in Hampden County, Massachusetts, on the banks of the Connecticut River. ... Lawrence is a city located in Essex County, Massachusetts on the Merrimack River. ... Ruins of abandoned mill along the Merrimack River in downtown Lowell Lowell is a city located in Middlesex County, Massachusetts. ... A view of New Bedford from the harbor New Bedford is a city located in Bristol County, Massachusetts. ... Northampton, Massachusetts Main Street Northampton is a city located in Hampshire County, Massachusetts. ... Pittsfield is a city located in Berkshire County, Massachusetts. ... Salem Maritime National Historic Site Salem is a city located in Essex County, Massachusetts. ... Nickname: City of Homes Location in Massachusetts Founded  -Incorporated May 14, 1636   County Hampden County Mayor Charles Ryan (Dem) Area  - Total  - Water 86. ... Taunton is a city located in Bristol County, Massachusetts. ... Westfield is a city located in Hampden County, Massachusetts. ... Woburn is a city located in Middlesex County, Massachusetts. ... Nickname: The Heart of the Commonwealth, The City of Seven Hills Location in Massachusetts Founded  -Incorporated 1673  1722 County Worcester County Mayor Timothy P. Murray (Dem) Area  - Total  - Water 99. ...

Towns:

Abington | Acton | Acushnet | Adams | Alford | Amherst | Andover | Aquinnah | Arlington | Ashburnham | Ashby | Ashfield | Ashland | Athol | Auburn | Avon | Ayer | Barnstable | Barre | Becket | Bedford | Belchertown | Bellingham | Belmont | Berkley | Berlin | Bernardston | Billerica | Blackstone | Blandford | Bolton | Bourne | Boxboro | Boxford | Boylston | Braintree | Brewster | Bridgewater | Brimfield | Brookfield | Brookline | Buckland | Burlington | Canton | Carlisle | Carver | Charlemont | Charlton | Chatham | Chelmsford | Cheshire | Chester | Chesterfield | Chilmark | Clarksburg | Clinton | Cohasset | Colrain | Concord | Conway | Cummington | Dalton | Danvers | Dartmouth | Dedham | Deerfield | Dennis | Dighton | Douglas | Dover | Dracut | Dudley | Dunstable | Duxbury | East Bridgewater | East Brookfield | East Longmeadow | Eastham | Easton | Edgartown | Egremont | Erving | Essex | Fairhaven | Falmouth | Florida | Foxborough | Framingham | Freetown | Georgetown | Gill | Goshen | Gosnold | Grafton | Granby | Granville | Great Barrington | Groton | Groveland | Hadley | Halifax | Hamilton | Hampden | Hancock | Hanover | Hanson | Hanson | Hardwick | Harvard | Harwich | Hatfield | Hawley | Heath | Hingham | Hinsdale | Holbrook | Holden | Holland | Holliston | Hopedale | Hopkinton | Hubbardston | Hudson | Hull | Huntington | Ipswich | Kingston | Lakeville | Mansfield | Marion | Marshfield | Mattapoisett | Medfield | Medway | Mendon | Middleborough | Milford | Millis | Millville | Milton | Needham | Norfolk | North Attleborough | Norton | Norwell | Norwood | Oak Bluffs | Paxton | Pembroke | Peru | Plainville | Plymouth | Plympton | Randolph | Raynham | Rehoboth | Rochester | Rockland | Scituate | Seekonk | Sharon | Somerset | Stoneham | Stoughton | Swansea | Tisbury | Walpole | Wareham | Wellesley | West Bridgewater | West Tisbury | Westport | Westwood | Weymouth | Whitman | Wrentham | Abington is a town located in Plymouth County, Massachusetts. ... Acton is a town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts about twenty-four miles west-northwest of Boston along Massachusetts Route 2 past Concord. ... Acushnet is a town located in Bristol County, Massachusetts. ... Adams is a town located in Berkshire County, Massachusetts. ... Alford is a town located in Berkshire County, Massachusetts. ... Amherst is a town located in Hampshire County, Massachusetts. ... Andover is a town located in Essex County, Massachusetts. ... Aquinnah is a town, formerly known as Gay Head, located on Marthas Vineyard in Dukes County, Massachusetts. ... Arlington is a town in eastern Massachusetts, six miles northwest of Boston, latitude 42 degrees 25 minutes north, longitude 71 degrees 09 minutes west. ... Ashburnham is a town in Worcester County, Massachusetts. ... Ashby is a town located in Middlesex County, Massachusetts. ... Ashfield is a town located in Franklin County, Massachusetts. ... Ashland is a town located in Middlesex County, Massachusetts. ... Athol is a town located in Worcester County, Massachusetts. ... Auburn is a town located in Worcester County, Massachusetts. ... Avon is a town located in Norfolk County, Massachusetts. ... Ayer is a town located in Middlesex County, Massachusetts. ... Barnstable is a city located on Cape Cod in Massachusetts; it is the county seat of Barnstable County6. ... Barre is a town located in Worcester County, Massachusetts. ... Becket is a town located in Berkshire County, Massachusetts. ... Bedford is a town located in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, USA. As of the 2000 census, the town had a total population of 12,595. ... Belchertown is a town located in Hampshire County, Massachusetts. ... Bellingham is a town located in Norfolk County, Massachusetts. ... Belmont is a town located in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, a suburb of Boston. ... Berkley is a town located in Bristol County, Massachusetts. ... Berlin is a town located in Worcester County, Massachusetts. ... Bernardston is a town located in Franklin County, Massachusetts. ... Billerica is a town located in Middlesex County, Massachusetts. ... Blackstone is a town located in Worcester County, Massachusetts. ... Blandford is a town located in Hampden County, Massachusetts. ... Bolton is a town located in Worcester County, Massachusetts. ... Bourne is a town located in Barnstable County, Massachusetts. ... Boxborough is a town located in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, USA. As of the 2000 census, the town had a total population of 4,868. ... Boxford is a town located in Essex County, Massachusetts. ... Boylston is a town located in Worcester County, Massachusetts. ... Braintree is a town located in Norfolk County, Massachusetts. ... Brewster is a town located in Barnstable County, Massachusetts. ... Bridgewater is a town located in Plymouth County, Massachusetts. ... Brimfield is a town located in Hampden County, Massachusetts. ... Brookfield is a town located in Worcester County, Massachusetts. ... Brookline is a town in Norfolk County, Massachusetts. ... Buckland is a town located in Franklin County, Massachusetts. ... Burlington is a town located in Middlesex County, Massachusetts. ... Canton is a town located in Norfolk County, Massachusetts. ... Carlisle is a town located in Middlesex County, Massachusetts. ... Carver is a town located in Plymouth County, Massachusetts. ... Charlemont is a town located in Franklin County, Massachusetts. ... Charlton is a town located in Worcester County, Massachusetts. ... Chatham is a town located in Barnstable County, Massachusetts. ... Chelmsford is a town located in Middlesex County, Massachusetts located 32 miles from Boston. ... Cheshire is a town located in Berkshire County, Massachusetts. ... Chester is a town located in Hampden County, Massachusetts. ... Chesterfield is a town located in Hampshire County, Massachusetts. ... Chilmark is a town located on Marthas Vineyard in Dukes County, Massachusetts. ... Clarksburg is a town located in Berkshire County, Massachusetts. ... Clinton is a town located in Worcester County, Massachusetts. ... Cohasset is a town located in Norfolk County, Massachusetts, though it is not contiguous with the main body of the county. ... Colrain is a town located in Franklin County, Massachusetts. ... Main Street, Concord, MA viewed from Monument Square Concord is a town located in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, USA. As of the 2000 census, the town had a total population of 16,993. ... Conway is a town located in Franklin County, Massachusetts. ... Cummington is a town located in Hampshire County, Massachusetts. ... Dalton is a town located in Berkshire County, Massachusetts. ... Danvers is a town located in Essex County, Massachusetts. ... Dartmouth is a town located in Bristol County, Massachusetts. ... Dedham is a town located in Norfolk County, Massachusetts. ... Deerfield is a town located in Franklin County, Massachusetts. ... Dennis is a town located in Barnstable County, Massachusetts. ... Dighton is a town located in Bristol County, Massachusetts, USA. As of the 2000 census, the town had a total population of 6,175. ... Douglas is a town located in Worcester County, Massachusetts. ... Dover is a town located in Norfolk County, Massachusetts. ... Dracut is a town located in Middlesex County, Massachusetts. ... Dudley is a town located in Worcester County, Massachusetts. ... Dunstable is a town located in Middlesex County, Massachusetts. ... Duxbury is a town located in Plymouth County, Massachusetts. ... East Bridgewater is a town located in Plymouth County, Massachusetts. ... East Brookfield is a town located in Worcester County, Massachusetts. ... East Longmeadow is a town located in Hampden County, Massachusetts. ... Eastham is a town located in Barnstable County, Massachusetts. ... Easton is a town located in Bristol County, Massachusetts. ... Edgartown is a town located on Marthas Vineyard in Dukes County, Massachusetts. ... Egremont is a town located in Berkshire County, Massachusetts. ... Erving is a town located in Franklin County, Massachusetts. ... Essex is a town located in Essex County, Massachusetts, 26 miles north of Boston. ... Fairhaven is a town located in Bristol County, Massachusetts. ... Falmouth is a town located in Barnstable County, Massachusetts. ... Florida is a town located in Berkshire County, Massachusetts. ... Foxborough (or Foxboro) is a town located in Norfolk County, Massachusetts, 20 miles (32 kilometers) southwest of Boston. ... Framingham is the fourth most populous town located in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, USA. As of the 2000 census, the town had a total population of 66,910, making it the most populous town in Massachusetts, and at present, the largest town in North America. ... Freetown is a town located in Bristol County, Massachusetts. ... Georgetown is a town located in Essex County, Massachusetts. ... Gill is a town located in Franklin County, Massachusetts. ... Goshen is a town located in Hampshire County, Massachusetts. ... Gosnold is a town located in Dukes County, Massachusetts. ... Grafton is a town located in Worcester County, Massachusetts. ... Granby is a town located in Hampshire County, Massachusetts, USA. As of the 2000 census, the town had a total population of 6,132. ... Granville is a town located in Hampden County, Massachusetts. ... Great Barrington is a mountain town located in rural Berkshire County, Massachusetts. ... The First Parish Church is a landmark on Main Street in Groton. ... Groveland is a town located in Essex County, Massachusetts. ... Hadley is a town located in Hampshire County, Massachusetts. ... Halifax is a town located in Plymouth County, Massachusetts. ... Hamilton is a town located in Essex County, Massachusetts. ... Hampden is a town located in Hampden County, Massachusetts. ... Hancock is a town located in Berkshire County, Massachusetts. ... Hanover is a town located in Plymouth County, Massachusetts. ... Hanson is a town located in Plymouth County, Massachusetts. ... Hanson is a town located in Plymouth County, Massachusetts. ... Hardwick is a town located in Worcester County, Massachusetts. ... Harvard is a town located in Worcester County, Massachusetts. ... Harwich is a town on Cape Cod, in Barnstable County in the state of Massachusetts in the United States. ... Hatfield is a town located in Hampshire County, Massachusetts. ... Hawley is a town located in Franklin County, Massachusetts. ... Heath is a town located in Franklin County, Massachusetts. ... Hingham is a town located in Plymouth County on the South Shore of Massachusetts. ... Hinsdale is a town located in Berkshire County, Massachusetts. ... Holbrook is a town located in Norfolk County, Massachusetts. ... Holden is a town located in Worcester County, Massachusetts. ... Holland is a town located in Hampden County, Massachusetts. ... Holliston is a town located in Middlesex County, Massachusetts. ... Hopedale is a town located in Worcester County, Massachusetts. ... Hopkinton is a town located in southwestern Middlesex County, Massachusetts, about 40 km (25 mi) from Boston. ... Hubbardston is a town located in Worcester County, Massachusetts. ... Hudson is a town located in Middlesex County, Massachusetts. ... Aerial view of Hull Hull is a town located in Plymouth County, Massachusetts. ... Huntington is a town located in Hampshire County, Massachusetts. ... Ipswich is a town located in Essex County, Massachusetts. ... Kingston is a town located in Plymouth County, Massachusetts. ... Lakeville is a town located in Plymouth County, Massachusetts. ... Mansfield is a town located in Bristol County, Massachusetts. ... Marion is a town located in Plymouth County, Massachusetts. ... Marshfield is a town located in Plymouth County, Massachusetts. ... Mattapoisett is a town located in Plymouth County, Massachusetts. ... Medfield is a town located in Norfolk County, Massachusetts. ... Medway is a town located in Norfolk County, Massachusetts. ... Mendon is a town located in Worcester County, Massachusetts. ... Middleborough is a town located in Plymouth County, Massachusetts. ... Milford is a town located in Worcester County, Massachusetts. ... Millis is a town located in Norfolk County, Massachusetts. ... Millville is a town located in Worcester County, Massachusetts. ... Milton is a town located in Norfolk County, Massachusetts. ... Needham is a town located in Norfolk County, Massachusetts. ... Norfolk is a town located in Norfolk County, Massachusetts. ... North Attleborough is a town located in Bristol County, Massachusetts. ... Norton is a town located in Bristol County, Massachusetts. ... Norwell is a town located in Plymouth County, Massachusetts. ... Norwood is a town and census-designated place located in Norfolk County, Massachusetts. ... Oak Bluffs is a town located on Marthas Vineyard in Dukes County, Massachusetts. ... Paxton is a town located in Worcester County, Massachusetts. ... Pembroke is a town located in Plymouth County, Massachusetts. ... Plainville is a town located in Norfolk County, Massachusetts. ... Plymouth is a town located in Plymouth County, Massachusetts. ... Plympton is a town located in Plymouth County, Massachusetts. ... Randolph is a town located in Norfolk County, Massachusetts. ... Raynham is a town located in Bristol County, Massachusetts. ... Rehoboth is a town located in Bristol County, Massachusetts. ... Rochester is a town located in Plymouth County, Massachusetts. ... Rockland is a town located in Plymouth County, Massachusetts. ... Scituate is a small seacoast town located in Plymouth County, Massachusetts, on Cape Cod Bay midway between Boston and Plymouth. ... The Town of Seekonk is a suburban community on the Rhode Island border. ... Sharon is a town located in Norfolk County, Massachusetts. ... Somerset is a town located in Bristol County, Massachusetts. ... Welcome to Stoneham Massachusetts Stoneham is a town located in Middlesex County, Massachusetts. ... Stoughton (Official Name: Town of Stoughton) is a town located in Norfolk County, Massachusetts. ... Swansea is a town located in Bristol County in southeastern Massachusetts. ... The Lighthouse of Tisbury in 1891 Northern view of Holmes Hole, East Tisbury, 1841 Tisbury is a town located on Marthas Vineyard in Dukes County, Massachusetts. ... Walpole is a town located in Norfolk County, Massachusetts. ... Wareham is a town located in Plymouth County, Massachusetts. ... Wellesley is a town located in Norfolk County, Massachusetts. ... West Bridgewater is a town located in Plymouth County, Massachusetts. ... West Tisbury is a town located on Marthas Vineyard in Dukes County, Massachusetts. ... Westport is a town located in Bristol County, Massachusetts. ... Westwood is a town located in Norfolk County, Massachusetts. ... Weymouth is a town located in Norfolk County, Massachusetts. ... Whitman is a town located in Plymouth County, Massachusetts. ... Wrentham is a town located in Norfolk County, Massachusetts. ...

Counties:

Barnstable | Berkshire | Bristol | Dukes | Essex | Franklin | Hampden | Hampshire | Middlesex | Nantucket | Norfolk | Plymouth | Suffolk | Worcester This is a list of Massachusetts counties: Massachusetts counties Barnstable County: one of three original counties created in the Plymouth Colony in 1685. ... Barnstable County is a county located in the U.S. state of Massachusetts. ... Berkshire County is a county located in the U.S. state of Massachusetts. ... Bristol County is a county located in the U.S. state of Massachusetts. ... Dukes County is a county located in the state of Massachusetts. ... Essex County is a county located in the northeastern part of the state of Massachusetts. ... Franklin County is a county located in the state of Massachusetts. ... Hampden County is a county located in the state of Massachusetts. ... Hampshire County is a county located in the state of Massachusetts. ... Middlesex County is a county located in the state of Massachusetts. ... Nantucket is an island south of Cape Cod, Massachusetts, formed of glacial moraine. ... Norfolk County is a county located in the state of Massachusetts. ... Plymouth County is a county located in the state of Massachusetts. ... Suffolk County is a county located in the state of Massachusetts. ... Worcester County is a county located in the state of Massachusetts. ...


State Capitals of the United States

AlabamaAlaskaArizonaArkansasCaliforniaColoradoConnecticutDelawareFloridaGeorgia • Hawaii • IdahoIllinoisIndianaIowaKansasKentuckyLouisianaMaineMarylandMassachusettsMichiganMinnesotaMississippiMissouri • Montana • NebraskaNevadaNew HampshireNew JerseyNew MexicoNew YorkNorth CarolinaNorth DakotaOhioOklahomaOregonPennsylvaniaRhode IslandSouth CarolinaSouth DakotaTennesseeTexasUtahVermontVirginiaWashingtonWest VirginiaWisconsinWyoming A U.S. state is any one of the 50 states (four of which officially favor the term commonwealth) which, together with the District of Columbia, form the United States of America. ... List of capitals of subnational entities covers currently the following national entities: #A-C: Angola, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, Peoples Republic of China, Colombia, Cuba, Czech Republic, #D-F: Denmark, Finland, France, #G-L: Germany, India, Indonesia, Iran, Italy, Ireland, Japan... Montgomery, Alabama - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Juneau City and Borough is a borough located on the Gastineau Channel in the Alexander Archipelago in the State of Alaska. ... Phoenix Uptown (northern skyline) in 2004, looking north Phoenix is the capital, largest city and largest metropolitan area in the state of Arizona, United States. ... Nickname: The City of Roses Location in Arkansas Founded  -Incorporated  1821  1831 County  Pulaski County Mayor  Jim Dailey Area  - Total  - Water  302. ... Sacramento from near the Sacramento River Sacramento is the county seat of Sacramento County, California and the capital of the U.S. state of California. ... Colorado State Capitol Building City nickname: The Mile-High City Location of Denver in Colorado City-County Denver (coextensive) Mayor John Hickenlooper (D) Area   â€“Land   â€“Water 154. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Dover is the capital of Delaware, a state of the United States of America. ... Tallahassee is the capital of Florida, a state of the United States of America. ... Location in Hawaii Founded  -Incorporated   County City & County of Honolulu Mayor Mufi Hannemann Area  - Total  - Water Population  - City (2000)  - Density  - Metropolitan 371,657 1,674. ... This article deals with the state capital of Idaho. ... City nickname: Location in the state of Illinois Founded 1819 County Sangamon County Mayor Timothy Davlin Area  - Total  - Water 156. ... Nickname: Circle City, Indy, Naptown Location in Indiana Founded  -Incorporated 1821  {{{incorporated}}} County Marion County Mayor Bart Peterson Area  - Total  - Water 966. ... Des Moines skyline Des Moines (pronounced in English, in French) is the capital city of the U.S. state of Iowa, which was incorporated on September 22, 1851 as Fort Des Moines. ... Location in the state of Kansas Founded County Shawnee County Mayor Bill Bunten Area  - Total  - Water 147. ... The Kentucky State Capitol Building Frankfort is the capital of Kentucky, a state of the United States of America. ... Capitol Building Baton Rouge (pronounced in English, and in French) is the capital of Louisiana, a state of the United States of America. ... Location in Maine Founded  -Incorporated  1754  {{{incorporated}}} County  Kennebec County Mayor  William E. Dowling Area  - Total  - Water  150. ... Nickname: Americas Sailing Capital , Naptown Location in Maryland Founded  -Incorporated 1649  1708 County Anne Arundel County Mayor Ellen O. Moyer (Dem) Area  - Total  - Water 19. ... Capitol Building Lansing is the capital city of the U.S. state of Michigan, located mostly in Ingham County; a small portion extends into adjacent Eaton County. ... State capitol building in Saint Paul Saint Paul is the capital and second-largest city of the state of Minnesota in the United States. ... Jackson is the capital and largest city in the U.S. state of Mississippi. ... The capitol building on a sunny day. ... Helena, Montana Helena is the capital of Montana, a state of the United States of America. ... Nickname: Star City Location in Nebraska Founded  -Incorporated 18671  1869 County Lancaster County Mayor Coleen Seng Area  - Total  - Water 195. ... Carson City redirects here. ... Concord is the capital of New Hampshire, a state of the United States of America. ... Location in New Jersey Founded  -Incorporated c. ... Santa Fe (Spanish: santa holy, fe faith) is the capital of New Mexico, a state of the United States of America. ... New York State Capitol Building, completed in 1899 at a cost of $25 million was the most expensive government building of its time. ... Downtown Raleigh Skyline Raleigh is the capital of North Carolina, a state of the United States of America. ... Capitol building Bismarck is the capital of North Dakota, a state of the United States of America. ... Skyline of downtown Columbus, Ohio, viewed across the Scioto River. ... Downtown Oklahoma City The State Capitol of Oklahoma Oklahoma City is the capital and largest city of the state of Oklahoma in the United States of America. ... State Capitol building in Salem Salem is the capital of the state of Oregon in the United States of America, and county seat of Marion County. ... Pennsylvania State Capitol Building Harrisburg is the capital of Pennsylvania, a state of the United States of America. ... Motto: What Cheer Nickname: Beehive of Industry Location in Rhode Island Founded  -Incorporated  1636  1832 County  Providence County Mayor  David N. Cicilline (Dem) Area  - Total  - Water  53. ... South Carolina Statehouse Columbia is the capital of South Carolina. ... Pierre is the capital of South Dakota, a state of the United States of America. ... Downtown Nashville at dusk, viewed from the Gateway Bridge Nashville is the capital of the U.S. state of Tennessee. ... Skyline from Town Lake City nickname: Live Music Capital of the World Location in the state of Texas County Travis County Mayor Will Wynn Area   â€“Land   â€“Water 669. ... Aerial view of Temple Square of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints during the 2002 Winter Olympic Games. ... Montpelier, Vermont Montpelier is the capital of Vermont, a state of the United States of America. ... Downtown Richmond as seen from the James River Motto: Sic Itur Ad Astra (Such is the way to the Stars) Nickname: River City Location in Virginia Founded  -Incorporated  1607   County  Independent city Mayor  Douglas Wilder Area  - Total  - Water  162. ... State Capitol and waterfront, Olympia, Washington. ... Charleston, WV Capitol Building Charleston is the capital of West Virginia, a state of the United States of America. ... Wisconsin State Capitol Madison is the capital of Wisconsin, a state of the United States of America. ... Wyoming State Capitol in Cheyenne Cheyenne is the capital of Wyoming, a state of the United States of America. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Boston, MA - definition of Boston, MA in Encyclopedia (3036 words)
Boston is the capital and largest city in Massachusetts in the United States.
The Boston Massacre, the Boston Tea Party and several of the early battles of the revolutionary war (such as the Battle of Lexington and Concord, the Battle of Bunker Hill, and the Siege of Boston) occurred near the city.
The Big Dig should ease Boston's notorious traffic congestion; however, it is now the most expensive construction project in United States history, and currently the most expensive construction project in the world.
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