Bosilegrad (Босилеград) is a town and municipality in Pčinja District of Central Serbia, Serbia and Montenegro. According to 1991 census, the municipality of Bosilegrad had a population of 11,644 people. The ethnic Bulgarians form a majority of the population in the municipality. PÄinja District PÄinjski okrug The Pcinjski District expands in the southern parts of the Republic of Serbia. ... The term Serbia proper is often used in English to refer to the part of Serbia that lies outside the northern and southern autonomous provinces of Kosovo and Vojvodina. ...
According to the 2002 census data, the population of the Bosilegrad municipality was 9,931 people, and it was composed of:
Serbs (in the Serbian language Ð¡ÑÐ±Ð¸, Srbi) are a south Slavic people living chiefly in Serbia and Montenegro and Bosnia and Herzegovina. ...
The Kingdom of Yugoslavia gained the region from Bulgaria following the Treaty of Neuilly, signed on November 27, 1919. Between 1920 and 1941 the population of the region was denied any right to education or church services in Bulgarian and was officially regarded as Serbian by the Yugoslav authorities, including changed Bulgarian names to Serbian. Its interests were protected by the Internal Western Outland Revolutionary Organisation known as Vrtop. The previous governments in Belgrade neglected the area, which led to mass unemployment and low living standards. The Kingdom of Yugoslavia was a kingdom in the Balkans which existed from the end of World War I until World War II. It occupied an area made up of the present-day states of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia and Montenegro, Republic of Macedonia, and most of present-day Slovenia... The Treaty of Neuilly, dealing with Bulgaria for its role as one of the Central Powers in World War I, was signed on the November 27, 1919 at Neuilly-sur-Seine, France. ... The Internal Western Outland Revolutionary Organisation ( Вътрешна западнопокрайненска революционна организация), IWORO, was a Bulgarian revolutionary organisation active in the Western Outlands in Serbia between 1921 and 1941. ... Mayor Nenad BogdanoviÄ Area 359. ...
Thus, for example, in Bosilegrad there were still vestiges of the archaic Turkish semi-feudal land ownership system involving a great number of indigent, landless population, while in most of the other Bulgarian regions the peasants regularly owned the land they cultivated.
By the end of the 19th century the zadruga was in existence, in which clans of 30-40 people lived together and tended their land in common - a widespread practice among the Serbs of that time, but an anachronistic occurrence in Bulgaria.
Linked with the Bosilegrad area is also the first written evidence (the mid-18th century) of the hussars - ordinary brigands at that time, who with the assistance of Serbia and Austria were later "transformed" into the light cavalry of the same name known throughout Europe.
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