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Encyclopedia > Bose (audio)
Bose Corporation
Bose Corporation logo
Type Private
Founded 1964
Headquarters Framingham, Massachusetts
Key people Amar G. Bose, Chairman, Founder
Bob Maresca, President
Thomas Froeschle, VP, Director of Research, Member of the Board
Industry Consumer electronics
Products Loudspeakers, Headphones (Chiefly Circumaural), Audio equipment
Revenue $1.70 billion (2004)
Employees 10,000
Slogan Better Sound Through Research
Website www.bose.com

The Bose Corporation is a privately held American company based in Framingham, Massachusetts that specializes in audio equipment. The company was founded in 1964. Shortcut: WP:CU Marking articles for cleanup This page is undergoing a transition to an easier-to-maintain format. ... This Manual of Style has the simple purpose of making things easy to read by following a consistent format — it is a style guide. ... Bose Corporation logo This is a copyrighted and/or trademarked logo. ... A private company is a company that is independently owned. ... 1964 (MCMLXIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1964 calendar). ...   Settled: 1650 â€“ Incorporated: 1700 Zip Code(s): 01701, 01702, 01703, 01704, 01705 â€“ Area Code(s): 508 / 774 Official website: http://www. ... Amar Gopal Bose (अमर गोपाल बोस) (born 1929) is an American-born Indian electrical engineer. ... Bob (Robert) Maresca was named President of BoseCorporation, Framingham, Massachusetts, in 2005. ... Consumer electronics is electronic equipment intended for use by everyday people. ... A loudspeaker is a device which converts an electrical signal into sound. ... Headphones (also known as earphones, earbuds, stereophones, headsets, or by the slang term cans) are a pair of transducers that receive an electrical signal from a media player or receiver and use speakers placed in close proximity to the ears (hence the name earphone) to convert the signal into audible... The term Audio equipment refers to any device designed principally to reproduce broadcast or recorded sounds. ... Revenue is a U.S. business term for the amount of money that a company earns from its activities in a given period, mostly from sales of products and/or services to customers. ... 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Employment is a contract between two parties, one being the employer and the other being the employee. ... Look up Slogan in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This page as shown in the AOL 9. ...   Settled: 1650 â€“ Incorporated: 1700 Zip Code(s): 01701, 01702, 01703, 01704, 01705 â€“ Area Code(s): 508 / 774 Official website: http://www. ... 1964 (MCMLXIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1964 calendar). ...

Contents

Background

Bose researchers and engineers develop and manufacture audio equipment including speakers, amplifiers, automotive sound systems, and, recently, acoustic balancing headphones and digital technology speaker systems. The company was founded in 1964 by Dr. Amar G. Bose, a professor of electrical engineering (retired in 2005) at Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge. As of 2005, the company employed about 7,500 people worldwide (2,000 in Massachusetts) and had revenues of over $1.7 billion. Dr. Bose is still the Chairman and primary stockholder, and also holds the title of Technical Director.[citation needed] Closeup of a loudspeaker driver Wall-mounted loudspeaker. ... Amar Gopal Bose (अमर गोपाल बोस) (born 1929) is an American-born Indian electrical engineer. ... Electrical Engineers design power systems… … and complex electronic circuits. ... The Massachusetts Institute of Technology, or MIT, is a private research university located in Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA. MIT is organized into five schools and one college, containing 32 academic departments and 53 interdisciplinary laboratories, centers and programs. ...   Settled: 1630 â€“ Incorporated: 1636 Zip Code(s): 02138, 02139, 02140, 02141, 02142 â€“ Area Code(s): 617 / 857 Official website: http://www. ... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Official language(s) English Capital Boston Largest city Boston Area  Ranked 44th  - Total 10,555 sq mi (27,360 km²)  - Width 183 miles (295 km)  - Length 113 miles (182 km)  - % water 13. ... Revenue is a U.S. business term for the amount of money that a company earns from its activities in a given period, mostly from sales of products and/or services to customers. ...


History of Bose Corporation presidents

  1. William (Bill) Zackowitz (1964-66)
  2. Charles "Chuck" Hieken (1966-69)
  3. Frank E. Ferguson (1969-76)
  4. Amar G. Bose (1976-80)
  5. Sherwin Greenblatt (1980-2000)
  6. John Coleman (2000-2005)
  7. Bob Maresca (Since 2005)


The company spends at least $100 million a year in research and engineering, employing a 6500 square meter (70,000 sq. ft.) building in Framingham reserved for that purpose.[citation needed] In 2004, Bose purchased an additional site from HP in Stow, Massachusetts to house growing automotive and marketing divisions.[citation needed] ... Stow is a town located in Middlesex County, Massachusetts. ...


Early years

In 1956, while a graduate student at MIT, Dr. Bose purchased a high-end stereo system and was disappointed when it failed to meet his expectations. He later began extensive audio research aimed at fixing what he saw as key weaknesses plaguing such high-end systems. The principal weakness, as he saw it, was how the overall design of the loudspeakers and electronics failed to take into account psychoacoustics (the human perception of sound). Eight years later, he founded the company, charging it with a mission to achieve Better Sound Through Research (which is also the company's slogan). Closeup of a loudspeaker driver Wall-mounted loudspeaker. ... Psychoacoustics is the study of subjective human perception of sounds. ...


Research history

During the company's first year in business Bose Corporation engaged in sponsored research. Its first loudspeaker product, the model 2201, dispersed 22 small mid-range speakers over an eighth of a sphere. It was designed to fit in the corner of a room, reflecting the speaker's sound as a mirror would for light in a corner cube and giving rise to an acoustical image of a sphere in a vastly larger room. Dr. Bose used an electronic equalizer to adjust the acoustical output for flat total radiated power. Acoustics is a branch of physics and is the study of sound, mechanical waves in gases, liquids, and solids. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Equalization filter. ...


Although these speaker systems accurately emulated the characteristics of an ideal spherical membrane, the listening results were disappointing (some of the reasons for which are listed in a later publication from Bose's research department), leading Bose to further research into psychoacoustics that eventually clarified the importance of a dominance of reflected sound arriving at the head of the listener, a listening condition that is characteristic of live performances. This finding led to a revised speaker design in which eight of nine identical small mid-range drivers (with electronic equalization) were aimed at the wall behind the speaker while one driver was aimed forward, thus ensuring a dominance of reflected over direct sound in home listening spaces, similar to the dominant reflected sound fields listeners experience in live performances.


Before hearing his new design for the first time, although confident that his new design would produce a more faithful replication of the "live" listening experience, Dr. Bose was unsure as to whether his new "direct/reflected" design would be a small audible improvement or a large one over his earlier design and the best commercially available loudspeakers. The new pentagonal design, named the Model 901, was a very unconventional design for speakers at the time (which were generally either full-size floorstanding units or bookshelf type speakers accompanied by a subwoofer that handled only the very lowest frequencies). The Model 901 premiered in 1968 and was an immediate commercial success, and the Bose Corporation grew rapidly during the 1970s. A bookcase is an article of furniture, forming a shelved receptacle, usually perpendicular or horizontal, for the storage of books. ... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, inclusive. ...


Dr. Bose believes that our imperfect knowledge of psychoacoustics limits our ability to adequately characterize quantitatively any two arbitrary sounds that are perceived differently, and to adequately characterize and quantify all aspects of perceived quality. He believes, for example, that distortion is much over-rated as a factor in perceived quality in the complex sounds that comprise music, noting, for example, that a square wave (a hugely distorted sine wave) and a sine wave are audibly indistinguishable above 7 kHz. Similarly, he does not find measurable relevance to quality in other easily measured parameters of loudspeakers and electronics, and therefore does not publish those specifications for Bose products. The ultimate test, Bose insists, is your perception of audible quality (or lack of it) and your preferences.


Another area of research and development at Bose Corporation is two-state, non-linear power processing and conditioning. Several early patents were awarded to Dr. Bose and other Bose engineers and this technology is one of the key elements in an innovative project that the company disclosed in 2004 after more than 20 years of research[1], an automobile suspension system that uses electromagnetic principles instead of the hydraulics that are common today. The main benefit of this system is that roll of the car in turns can be reduced. A patent is a set of exclusive rights granted by a state to a patentee (the inventor or assignee) for a fixed period of time in exchange for the regulated, public disclosure of certain details of a device, method, process or composition of matter (substance) (known as an invention) which... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Karl Benzs Velo model (1894) - entered into the first automobile race An automobile (or motor car) is a wheeled passenger vehicle that carries its own motor. ... Electromagnetism is the force observed as static electricity, and causes the flow of electric charge (electric current) in electrical conductors. ... ...


Additionally, the company researches portable audio within the fields of Circumaural and Supra-aural headphones, centering within the lines of Acoustic Noise Cancellation (See the separate article). The Bose Headphone Family are the companys portable audio solutions in its consumer electronics lineup. ...


Lines of products

Proprietary technologies

  • Tri-Port Earcup Drivers
  • Acoustic Noise Cancellation
  • Acoustimass Technology
  • Acoustic Waveguide Technology
  • Direct/Reflecting Technology
  • Psychoacoustic Equalization

Products

Multimedia systems

The Bose Computer Speaker Systems are the companys computer audio solutions for its consumer electronics lineup. ... Bose headphones are a family of headphone products sold by the Bose Corporation. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Bose Wave radio is a tabletop stereo manufactured by the Bose Corporation. ...

Speaker systems

The Bose Wave radio is a tabletop stereo manufactured by the Bose Corporation. ...

Home entertainment systems

The Bose Lifestyle Home Entertainment Family is Boses line of premium home theater systems. ...

Aviation Headsets

Bose headphones are a family of headphone products sold by the Bose Corporation. ...

Opinions about Bose

The Bose brand is very strong in the marketplace at large. A market study by independent analysts Forrester Research published in March 2006 reported that Bose's brand name was more highly regarded (by the US population) than any other consumer-electronics or computer brand name. Also, more US households (17.5 million by Forrester's estimate) aspired to own Bose products than the products of any other consumer-electronics or computer manufacturer -- Dell, Apple, Sony, Pioneer, TiVo, etc [2]. The study indicates that many people trust the Bose brand because they believe that the products are quality products. Forrester logo. ...


Some internet audio forums are filled with arguments for and against Bose Corporation and Bose products (for example [3], [4]). Unlike other major speaker manufacturers, Bose does not publish specifications relating to the measured electrical and acoustic performance of its speakers.


Market share

Bose directly competes against the following companies in the consumer speaker and home theater market:

Bose directly competes against the following companies in the consumer headphone market: Bang & Olufsen (B&O) is a Danish company that designs and manufactures high end audio products, television sets, and telephones. ... Founded in 1979, Boston Acoustics is a high end manufacturer of home and mobile audio equipment. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... harman/kardon, a division of Harman International Industries (NYSE: HAR), is a leading manufacturer of home and car audio equipment. ... JBL or JBL Professional is an American audio manufacturer founded by James Bullough Lansing in 1946 and is now part of Harman International Industries, who also owns audio manufacturer Harman Kardon and Infinity. ... Klipsch Audio Technologies is one of the most successful consumer and professional speaker companies in America. ... In 1972, Matthew Polk (pictured) and his friend George Klopfer were graduates of Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore. ... Infinity is a manufacturer of loudspeaker. ... Wharfedale is the name of a prominent audio equipment manufacturer from the U.K., famous for its loudspeakers. ...

Bose caters mainly to the premium/luxury segment of the average consumer market, mainly affluent non-audiophiles. While critics argue over the price and quality of some Bose products, there is no doubt that Bose is growing and sometimes dominating certain segments of the consumer audio market. An old Altec Lansing PC speaker. ... The Koss Logo Koss Corporation is a United States company that designs and manufactures headphones. ... The Sennheiser Logo Sennheiser is a German pro audio company. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Audiophile, from Latin audio hear and Greek φιλειν (philein) love, is a word used to describe a person dedicated to achieving high fidelity in the recording and playback of music. ...


Locations

Headquarters

  • Framingham, MA

Automotive division

  • Stow, MA

Plants

  • Framingham, MA
  • Carrickmacross, Republic of Ireland
  • Columbia, SC
  • San Luis, Rio Colorado, Sonora, Mexico
  • Tijuana B.C., Mexico

Number of retail stores

October 20 is the 293rd day of the year (294th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 72 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links


 
 

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