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Encyclopedia > Boscoreale

Boscoreale is a modern comune of Campania in the Parco Nazionale del Vesuvio under the slopes of Mount Vesuvius, known for the fruit and vineyards of Lacryma Christi del Vesuvio. The neighborhood, which was overcome by the eruption of Vesuvius in 79 CE that obliterated and preserved its better-known neighbors, Pompeii and Herculaneum, is famous for the frescos of its aristocratic villas, excavated before World War I. A hoard of Roman silver and coins that had been hurriedly stashed in a cistern for protection at the time of the eruption was also recovered in Boscoreale in 1895, and divided among museums. In Italy, the comune, (plural comuni) is the basic administrative unit of both provinces and regions, and may be properly approximated in casual speech by the English word township or municipality. ... Campania is a region of Southern Italy, bordering on Lazio to the north-west, Molise to the north, Puglia to the north-east, Basilicata to the east, and the Tyrrhenian Sea to the west. ... This article is about the volcano in Italy. ... Mount Vesuvius (Italian: Monte Vesuvio) is a volcano east of Naples, Italy, located at 40°49′N 14°26′ E. It is the only active volcano on the European mainland, although it is not currently erupting. ... Pompeii is a ruined Roman city near modern Naples in the Italian region of Campania, in the territory of the comune of Pompei. ... The excavations of Ercolano Herculaneum (in modern Italian formerly Resina, but since 1969 Ercolano) was an ancient Roman town, located in the territory of the current commune of Ercolano, in the Italian region of Campania. ... The Roman Empire contained many villas which were rather like country houses, though suburban villas on the edge of cities were known, such as the Middle and Late Republican villas that encroached on the Campus Martius, then on the edge of Rome, and which can be also seen outside the...


Boscoreale, about a kilometer north of Pompeii of which it was an expansive, more rural outlying suburb, was notable in antiquity for having numerous aristocratic country villas and was preserved as a hunting park—hence its name—by the kings of Naples. The villa of P. Fannius Synistor was built and decorated shortly after mid-first century BCE. The quality of its frescos seems to have preserved them from changes in fashion, before the villa was entombed in the eruption. The Kingdom of Naples was born out of the division of the Kingdom of Sicily after the Sicilian Vespers rebellion of 1282. ...


The neighboring Boscotrecase yielded some elite works of art to excavators at the same time.


References

  • Soprintendenza Archeologica de Pompeii: the main rustic villas
  • Frescos from the house of P. Fannius Synistor, Boscoreale (Metropolitan Museum of Art)
  • Fresco section from the villa of Fannius Sinistor, Boscoreale (Archaeological Museum Naples
  • Cubiculum from the house of P. Fannius Synistor, Boscoreale (Metropolitan Museum of Art)
  • Comune di Boscoreale official site
  • Boscoreale treasure (Musée du Louvre)
  • François Baratte, 1986. Le Trésor d'orfèvrerie romaine de Boscoreale (Paris:Musée de Louvre) ISBN 2-7118-2048-3

 
 

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