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Encyclopedia > Bosanska Krajina
Bosanska Krajina Region
Bosanska Krajina Region

Bosanska Krajina (lit "Bosnian Frontier") is a geographical region of Bosnia and Herzegovina enclosed by three rivers - Sava, Una and Vrbas. It is also a historic, economic and cultural entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Image File history File links Original Image by Asim Led on Wikipedia. ... Image File history File links Original Image by Asim Led on Wikipedia. ... Krajina (in various versions) is a Slavic toponym which means: borderland i. ... Sava also Save (German Save, Hungarian Száva) is a river in Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Serbia, a right side tributary of Danube at Belgrade. ... Una can mean: Una, a river in Bosnia and Croatia, tributary to Sava Una, a city in Bahia, Brazil Una, a district of Himachal Pradesh, India Una-, a purported SI prefix. ... The Vrbaš is a major river in western Bosnia and Herzegovina. ...


The largest city, and its historical center, is Banja Luka. Other cities include Bihać, Prijedor, Bosanska Dubica, Sanski Most, Mrkonjić Grad, and Jajce. Mayor Dragoljub Davidović Area  - Total 93. ... Bihać is a town on the Una river in the north-western part of Bosnia and Herzegovina, center of the Una-Sana Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Prijedor (Serbian: Приједор) is a city in northwestern Bosnia and Herzegovina, located on the Sana river, between Bosanski Novi and Banja Luka. ... Sanski Most is a town in northwestern Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Jajce is a town in central Bosnia and Herzegovina, located in the Central Bosnia Canton of the Federation. ...


Bosanska Krajina, as such, has no political borders or political representation in the current structure of the Bosnian-Herzegovinian state, however it has a significant cultural and historical identity that was formed through several historic and economic events. The territory of Bosanska Krajina is currently divided between two entities of Bosnia-Herzegovina: Republika Srpska and Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Official languages Serbian, Croatian, Bosniak Capital Banja Luka Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % water  24,811 km²  n/a Population  â€“ Total (2001)  â€“ Density  1,490,993  60/km² Ethnic groups (1996) Serbs: 60% Bosniaks: 27% Croats: 10% Others: 3% President Dragan ÄŒavić Prime minister Pero Bukejlović Anthem Bože Pravde (God the Righteous... Federation of BiH shaded red Official languages Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian Capital Sarajevo Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % water  26,110 km²  n/a Population  â€“ Total (2002)  â€“ Density  2,318,972  88/km² Ethnic groups (2002) Bosniaks: 72,9% Croats: 21,8% Serbs: 4,4% and others: 1,0% President Niko Lozančić Time...


The far northwest corner of Bosanska Krajina is also known as Cazinska Krajina, named after the town of Cazin. Cazin is a city in northwest Bosnia and Herzegovina. ...

Contents


Demographics

The population of the region numbered a little over one million before the war in Bosnia. This is the history of Bosnia and Herzegovina. ...


The approximate ethnic composition of Bosanska Krajina, per 1991 census data, is 1991 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Other minority groups include Romas (Gypsies), Ukrainians, Hungarians, etc. Serbs (in the Serbian language Срби, Srbi) are a south Slavic people living chiefly in Serbia and Montenegro and Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Muslims by nationality was a term used in Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia to describe people who spoke Serbo-Croatian language and professed Islam that werent identified as one of the other nations. ... Bosniaks (in Bosnian: Bošnjaci) are a Southeast European ethnic group, descended from South Slavic converts to Islam during the Ottoman period (15th-19th century), living primarily in Bosnia and Herzegovina along with a considerable population in the Sandžak region of Serbia and Montenegro. ... Croats (Croatian: Hrvati) are a south Slavic people mostly living in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and nearby countries. ... The Yugoslavs were a relatively short-lived nationality that was created at the time of Yugoslavia. ... The Roma people (pronounced rahma, singular Rom, sometimes Rroma, and Rrom) along with the closely related Sinti people are commonly known as Gypsies in English, and as Tsigany in most of Europe. ...


The composition of the current population of Bosanska Krajina, especially in the city of Banja Luka, has dramatically changed because of the most recent Bosnian war, in 1992-95.


History

When the Ottoman Empire lost the war of 1683-1697 to Austria, and ceded Slavonia and Hungary to Austria at the Treaty of Karlowitz, Bosnia's northern and western borders became the frontier between the Austrian and Ottoman empires known today as Bosanska Krajina. The territories enclosed by three rivers - Sava, Una and Vrbas - bore the name of the "Turkish Croatia" in the European literature of 18th and 19th century. The name Krajina was given by the Turks, and it was accepted by Austrian, Italian, German and Dutch cartographers. In 1860 upon insistences of the Valachian part of the population the name of Turkish Croatia were abolished in favor of the new name - Bosanska Krajina (Bosnian Frontier). This name appears on maps for the first time in 1869. These borders were also settled by Serb Orthodox herders who also defended the region from border incursions. The Serbs settled on the other side of the border as well, in the Military Frontier. The Ottoman Empire at the height of its power Imperial motto Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (Ottoman Turkish for the Eternal State) Official language Ottoman Turkish Capital İstanbul (Constantinople,Konstantiniyye) Imperial anthem Ottoman imperial anthem Sovereigns Padishah of the Osmanli Dynasty Population ca 40 million Area 6. ... Map of Croatia with Slavonia highlighted Slavonia is a geographical and historical region in eastern Croatia. ... The Treaty of Karlowitz was signed in 1699 in Sremski Karlovci (German: Karlowitz, Turkish:Karlofça, Serbian:Karlovci), in Vojvodina, concluding the Austro-Ottoman War of 1683–1697 in which the Ottoman side was defeated. ... This article needs copyediting (checking for proper English spelling, grammar, usage, etc. ... 1860 is the leap year starting on Sunday. ... Vlachs (also called Wlachs, Wallachs, Olahs) are the Romanized population in Central and Eastern Europe, including Romanians, Aromanians, Istro-Romanians and Megleno-Romanians, but since the creation of the Romanian state, this term was mostly used for the Vlachs living south of the Danube river. ... 1869 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Serbs (in the Serbian language Срби, Srbi) are a south Slavic people living chiefly in Serbia and Montenegro and Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Early history The Serbs migrated to the Balkans during the reign of Byzantine emperor Heraclius (610-641). ... Military Frontier (Military Border, Military Krajina, Vojna Krajina, Војна Крајина, Militärgrenze, Confiniaria militaria) was a borderland of Habsburg Austria which acted as the cordon sanitaire against the Turks from the Middle Ages (Croatian Krajina) or from the late 17th and 18th centuries (Slavonian and Banat Krajina) until the 19th century. ...


In more recent history Bosanska Krajina is known by a very strong resistance to the Fascist regime during WWII. Anti-fascist Partisan movement in Bosanska Krajina region had one of the most ethnically mixed compositions than in any other part of former Yugoslavia during WWII. Bosanska Krajina was also place of historical agreements that have taken place in Jajce and Mrkonjić Grad in 1943, ones that established the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina in its current borders, as well as the Federation of Yugoslavia. German soldiers at the Battle of Stalingrad World War II was the most extensive and costly armed conflict in the history of the world, involving the great majority of the worlds nations, being fought simultaneously in several major theatres, and costing tens of millions of lives. ... The Column The Yugoslav Partisans were the main resistance movement engaged in the fight against the Axis forces in the Balkans during World War II. // Origins The Rebellion The Yugoslav Partisans went under the official name of Peoples Liberation Army and Partisan Detachments of Yugoslavia (Narodno-oslobodilačka vojska... 1943 is a common year starting on Friday. ... The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was the Yugoslav state that existed from 1945 to 1992. ...


During WWII the Ustasha Jasenovac concentration camp was established just across the river Sava from Bosanska Krajina, and many of the region's inhabitants (mainly Serbs, Gypsies and Jews but also some communist Bosniaks(muslims) and Croats) were killed there. In Jasenovac were killd obout 800 000 humans,most of them wewr serbs. The Ustaše (often spelled Ustashe in English; singular Ustaša or Ustasha) was a Croatian right-wing organisation put in charge of the Independent State of Croatia by the Axis Powers in 1941. ... Jasenovac gate Jasenovac was the largest concentration and extermination camp in Croatia during the World War II. It was established by the UstaÅ¡a regime of the Independent State of Croatia in August 1941. ... Sava also Save (in German: Save; in Hungarian: Száva) is a river in Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Serbia, a right side tributary of Danube at Belgrade. ...


In war 1992-95,were killd obout 24 000 serbs,onli in Sarajevo vere killd 10 000 serbs,mostli civilians,in region of Srebrenica before entrance of serb forces were masacerd 3000 serbs,1700 at a crristmas and a rest in mudzahedin-bosniac(muslims) actions.


Economics

In the immediate aftermath of WWII Bosanska Krajina was considered one of the poorest regions of Bosnia and Herzegovina. This poverty was a contributing factor to 1950's Cazinska Buna uprising against the communist government, the only such uprising in post-war Bosnia and Herzegovina and Yugoslavia.


The later economic boom and prosperity of Bosanska Krajina was mostly due to planned urban development programs that were created specifically for this region in early and mid-1970s by Urban Institute in Banja Luka. The development was further stimulated by the simplification of the banking system that encouraged investments in resource processing industry. As a result the region has seen a boom in agricultural and industrial production. This article provides extensive lists of events and significant personalities of the 1970s. ...


Agrokomerc, a food manufacturing industry located in northwest region was the largest food manufacturer in Bosnia and Herzegovina and former Yugoslavia. Other industries included chemical industry Saniteks in Velika Kladuša, electronics industry Rudi Cajevec in Banja Luka, Textile industry Sana in Bosanski Novi as well as a range of wood and food processing companies that stimulated an economic boom in this region. There was also a significant ore industry developed around the Kozara Mountain.


More recent economic stagnation, especially in regions controlled by Republika Srpska are largely due to inefficient planning that is based on political and ethnic interests rather than on the socio-economic potentials of the region.


Culture

The brutal history of Bosanska Krajina may be a reason for a specific nature of its people that pride themselves on toughness and rebelliousness towards other parts of Bosnia and Herzegovina and especially Sarajevo. However, their position towards Sarajevo is more like a sibling rivalry rather than one of disdain and revolt.


The cultural center of Bosanska Krajina was located in Banja Luka. Institutions such as Museum of Bosanska Krajina and National Theatre of Bosanska Krajina located in Banja Luka, recently renamed by authorities of Republika Srpska for political purposes, held evidence of long history and culture of this region.


 
 

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