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Encyclopedia > Boryslav
Boryslav as seen from the former castle hill
Boryslav as seen from the former castle hill

Boryslav (Ukrainian: Борислав, Polish: Borysław) is a town in the Lviv Oblast of Western Ukraine, on Tysmenitsa River (tributary of Dniester). It has 36,704 inhabitants (2005 estimate). Panorama of the modern town of Boryslav The city centre as seen from the Castle Hill From the Ukrainian wiki File links The following pages link to this file: Boryslav Categories: GFDL images ... Panorama of the modern town of Boryslav The city centre as seen from the Castle Hill From the Ukrainian wiki File links The following pages link to this file: Boryslav Categories: GFDL images ... Lviv Oblast is an oblast of western Ukraine, created on December 4, 1939. ... Length 1350 km Elevation of the source -  m Average discharge -  m³/s Area watershed 62,000  km² Origin  Ukraine Mouth  Black Sea Basin countries Ukraine, Moldova The river Dniester (Polish: Dniestr, Ukrainian: Дністер, Romanian: Nistru, Russian: Днестр, Latin: Tyras) is a river in Eastern Europe. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


History

The area of modern town of Boryslav has been inhabitated at least since the Bronze Age. There are remnants of a pagan shrine from 1st millennium BC located in the area, with ca. 270 petroglyphs found, most often solar signs - symbols of pre-Christian Solar deity. Between 9th century and 13th century the site of the modern town housed a fortress named Tustan, which was a part of a belt of similar strongholds defending the Kievan Rus' from the west and south. After the dissolution of Kievan Rus', the town became a part of the Halych-Volhynian Principality. With the collapse of the latter, in 14th century Boryslav became a part of the Kingdom of Poland. It was first mentioned in a document listing all personal belongings of king Jadwiga of Poland of September 19, 1387. The Bronze Age is a period in a civilizations development when the most advanced metalworking has developed the techniques of smelting copper from natural outcroppings and alloys it to cast bronze. ... Paganism (from Latin paganus) and Heathenry are catch-all terms which have come to connote a broad set of spiritual/religious beliefs and practices of a natural religion, as opposed to the Abrahamic religions. ... Eastern Orthodox shrine Buddhist shrine just outside Wat Phnom. ... (2nd millennium BC – 1st millennium BC – 1st millennium – other millennia) // Events The Iron Age spread to Western Europe Egypt declined as a major power The Tanakh was written Buddhism was founded by Siddharta Gautama, commonly known as the Buddha (6th century BC) Jainism was founded by Mahavira (6th century BC... Petroglyphs on Newspaper Rock State Historic Monument, southern Utah, USA Petroglyphs are images incised in rock, usually by prehistoric, especially Neolithic, peoples. ... The Trundholm sun chariot pulled by a horse is believed to be a sculpture illustrating an important part of Nordic Bronze Age mythology. ... As a means of recording the passage of time the 9th century was that century that lasted from 801 to 900. ... (12th century - 13th century - 14th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 13th century was that century which lasted from 1201 to 1300. ... Fortifications (Latin fortis, strong, and facere, to make) are military constructions designed for defensive warfare. ... Map of the the extent of Kievan Rus through the 11th century. ... Halych-Volhynia, or Halych-Volodymyr, was a large state in Ruthenia (Rus ) which existed in the 13th and 14th centuries. ... This 14th-century statue from south India depicts the gods Shiva (on the left) and Uma (on the right). ... The Kingdom of Poland of the later Piasts was the Polish state in the years between the coronation of Władysław I the Elbow-high in 1320 and the death of Kazimierz III the Great in 1370. ... This article is about 14th century queen and saint. ... September 19 is the 262nd day of the year (263rd in leap years). ... Events June 2 - John Holland, a maternal half-brother of Richard II of England, is created Earl of Huntingdon. ...


Since that time, Borysław, as it was called back then, was a small town related to the nearby metropolis of Lwów (currently Lviv, Ukraine) and mostly shared its fate. In 1772, during the Partitions of Poland, it was annexed by Austria and became a part of Austrian-created Galicia. In 1854 the first ozokerite mine was started in the town. In the second half of 19th century, following the research of Jan Zeh, Ignacy Łukasiewicz and several other scientists working in the nearby city of Lwów, the town and its surroundings saw emergence of oil industry, with one of the first oil rigs in the world built there in 1861 by Robert Doms. The oil mining industry soon started to dwell and in 1909 alone more than 1,920,000 tonnes of oil were produced there, roughly 5% of world oil production at that time. The number of oil rigs also rose from 4,000 in 1870 to over 12,000 three years later. The oil boom drew many industry moguls from all over Austria-Hungary and many fortunes were earned and lost there. In addition, the period of prosperity started and the city's population grew by almost 10,000 new workers who arrived to the area. In 1886 an oil mining school was opened in Borysław, one of the first such facilities in Europe. Also the ozokerite, a natural mineral wax, mined in Borysław, was used for isolation of the first trans-Atlantic telegraphic cable line. On December 31, 1872, a railway line linking Borysław with the nearby city of Drohobycz (now Drohobych, Ukraine) was opened. Motto: Semper fidelis Oblast Lviv Oblast Municipal government City council (Львівська міська рада) Mayor City chairman Lyubomyr Bunyak Area 171,01 km² Population  - city  - urban  - density 808,900 ? 4786/km² Founded City rights 13th century 1353 Latitude Longitude 49°51′ N 24°01′ E Area code +0322 Car plates  ? Twin towns Corning, Freiburg... 1772 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... The Partitions of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, commonly known as the Partitions of Poland (Polish: Rozbiór Polski or Rozbiory Polski; Lithuanian: Padalijimas) took place in the 18th century and ended the existence of the sovereign Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. ... Coat-of-arms of Galicia Galicia is a historical region currently split between Poland and Ukraine. ... 1854 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Ozokerite or ozocerite (Gr. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Jan Józef Ignacy Łukasiewicz (born March 8, 1822 - January 7, 1882) was the founder of the world petroleum industry. ... Motto: Semper fidelis Oblast Lviv Oblast Municipal government City council (Львівська міська рада) Mayor City chairman Lyubomyr Bunyak Area 171,01 km² Population  - city  - urban  - density 808,900 ? 4786/km² Founded City rights 13th century 1353 Latitude Longitude 49°51′ N 24°01′ E Area code +0322 Car plates  ? Twin towns Corning, Freiburg... The Oil industry brings to market what is currently considered the lifeblood of nearly all other industry, if not industrialized civilization itself. ... Natural gas drilling rig A drilling rig or oil rig is a structure housing equipment used to drill for and extract oil or natural gas from underground reservoirs. ... 1861 is a common year starting on Tuesday. ... 1909 (MCMIX) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1870 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Austria-Hungary, also known as the Dual monarchy (or: the k. ... 1886 (MDCCCLXXXVI) is a common year starting on Friday (click on link to calendar) // Events January 18 - Modern field hockey is born with the formation of The Hockey Association in England. ... Mineral wax is a waxy mineral that is a mixture of hydrocarbons and occurs in association with petroleum. ... December 31 is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1872 (MDCCCLXXII) was a leap year starting on Monday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... Drohobych (Ukrainian: ; Polish: Drohobycz, German: Drohobytsch; Russian: ; Yiddish: דראָביטש drobitsh) is a city in the Ukrainian Lviv Oblast. ...

Oil rigs of Borysław, a postcard from late 1920s
Oil rigs of Borysław, a postcard from late 1920s

After the Great War and the Polish-Ukrainian War of 1918-1919, the area became part of the newly-reborn Poland. In 1920 the mining school was significantly expanded and was renamed to Carpathian Geological Station, a de facto oil mining university. As the capital of the Zagłębie Borysławskie (Borysław Oil Area), the town of Borysław was the centre of Polish oil mining and one of the most important industrial zones of Poland. Because of that, on July 26, 1933, the town was granted with a city charter. The oil rigs in Borysław in 1920s A pre-war Polish postcard From the Ukrainian wiki File links The following pages link to this file: Boryslav Categories: Public domain images ... The oil rigs in Borysław in 1920s A pre-war Polish postcard From the Ukrainian wiki File links The following pages link to this file: Boryslav Categories: Public domain images ... Combatants Allies: • Serbia, • Russia, • France, • Romania, • Belgium, • British Empire and Dominions, • United States, • Italy, • ...and others Central Powers: • Germany, • Austria-Hungary, • Ottoman Empire, • Bulgaria Casualties Military dead: 5 million Civilian dead: 3 million Total: 8 million Full list Military dead: 3 million Civilian dead: 3 million Total: 6 million Full... Orlęta, a 1926 painting by Wojciech Kossak The Polish-Ukrainian War of 1918 and 1919 was a conflict between the forces of Poland and Western-Ukrainian Peoples Republic for the control over the Eastern Galicia after the dissolution of Austria-Hungary. ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar) // Events January January 7 - Forces of Russian White admiral Kolchak surrender in Krasnoyarsk. ... De facto is a Latin expression that means in fact or in practice. It is commonly used as opposed to de jure (meaning by law) when referring to matters of law or governance or technique (such as standards), that are found in the common experience as created or developed without... July 26 is the 207th day (208th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 158 days remaining. ... 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ...

Oil rigs on a German post stamp for General Government
Oil rigs on a German post stamp for General Government

After the 1939 German attack on Poland, the city was annexed by the Soviet Union, under the terms of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, and allocated to the Ukrainian SSR where it was called Boryslav. In 1941 the city fell under the German control upon the advances of the German army to the east in the start Soviet-German hostilities and the area was attached to the General Government. Following German defeat in World War II, the town came again under the Soviet rule. Since 1991 the town is part of an independent Ukraine. Although the oil and gas deposits have almost depleted, the oil industry remains the main branch of local industry. WWII German post-stamp for the Galizien District featuring the oil rigs of Borysław 1944, taken from the Ukrainian wiki File links The following pages link to this file: Boryslav Categories: Public domain images ... WWII German post-stamp for the Galizien District featuring the oil rigs of Borysław 1944, taken from the Ukrainian wiki File links The following pages link to this file: Boryslav Categories: Public domain images ... The General Government (in full General government for the occupied Polish areas, in German Generalgouvernement für die besetzten polnischen Gebiete) was the name given by Germany to the governing authority in Poland after its occupation by the Wehrmacht in September and October 1939. ... 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... Combatants Poland Germany, Slovakia Soviet Union Commanders Edward Rydz-ÅšmigÅ‚y Fedor von Bock (Army Group North) Gerd von Rundstedt (Army Group South) Strength 39 divisions, 16 brigades 4,300 guns 880 tanks 400 aircraft Total: 1,000,000 56 German divisions, 4 brigades, 33+ Soviet divisions, 11+ brigades, 2... Molotov signs the German-Soviet non-aggression pact. ... State motto: Пролетарі всіх країн, єднайтеся! Official language None. ... For the movie, see 1941 (film) 1941 (MCMXLI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1941 calendar). ... German cavalry and motorized units entering Poland from East Prussia during the Polish Defensive War of 1939 Wehrmacht (help· info) (Defence force) was the name of the armed forces of Germany from 1935 to 1945. ... The Eastern Front of World War II was the theatre of war covering the conflict in eastern Europe, notorious for its unprecedented ferocity, destruction, and immense loss of life. ... The General Government (in full General government for the occupied Polish areas, in German Generalgouvernement für die besetzten polnischen Gebiete) was the name given by Germany to the governing authority in Poland after its occupation by the Wehrmacht in September and October 1939. ... Combatants Allies: Poland, British Commonwealth, France/Free France, Soviet Union, United States, China, and others. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


See also

  • Ignacy Łukasiewicz

Jan Józef Ignacy Łukasiewicz Jan Józef Ignacy Łukasiewicz (March 8, 1822 - January 7, 1882) was a Polish pharmacist and inventor of the first method of distilling kerosene from seep oil. ...

External links

  • Soviet military topographic map 1:100,000


 
 

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