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Encyclopedia > Borujerd

Borujerd (Persian: بروجرد), (Luri pronunciation: vorūgerd, also borūgerd; Borujerdi Dialect: vūriyerd) (Name spelling variations: Boroujerd, Borudjerd, Boroojerd, Brujerd, Burujird, Borugerd) is a city and shahrestan (township) in Lorestan Province in Western Iran. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Persian (Local names: فارسی Fârsi or پارسی Pârsi)* is an Indo-European language spoken in Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan as well as by minorities in Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, India, Pakistan, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Southern Russia, neighboring countries, and elsewhere. ... Luri is a dialect of Persian language. ... The Borujerdi dialect is the variety of the Luri language spoken in Borujerd city and surrounding areas in Lorestan Province of Iran. ... A geographical political division in Iran. ... Falak-ol-aflak, built by the Sassanids, is almost 1800 years old. ...


Borujerdi people mostly speak in Borujerdi Dialect which is a special dialect between Luri and Persian. Other languages such as Luri, Laki, local Turkish and local Jewish could be heard here and there. The Borujerdi dialect is the variety of the Luri language spoken in Borujerd city and surrounding areas in Lorestan Province of Iran. ... Luri is a dialect of Persian language. ... The name Laki has more than one meaning:- A town called Laki in Plovdiv district in Bulgaria. ... The word Jew ( Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination...

Contents

Geography

A landscape view of Goldasht Valley, W Borujerd

Borujerd is approximately 1700 meters above sea level and has a moderate climate with cold winters. The highest point is Garrin Mountain 3623 m. above sea and the lowest area is Gelerood River in South with 1400 m. elevation. Borujerd Township has 2600 km² area with approximately 400,000 inhabitants distributed in the City, Town of Oshtorinan and more than 180 villages. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 304 pixelsFull resolution (2042 × 775 pixel, file size: 555 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) A landscape in Goldasht Valley, 10 km west of Borujerd I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 304 pixelsFull resolution (2042 × 775 pixel, file size: 555 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) A landscape in Goldasht Valley, 10 km west of Borujerd I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... A vast high-elevated mountain in Lorestan Province of Iran. ... Oshtorinan (In Persian: اشترینان, oŝtorinān)is a town and bakhsh in shahrestan-e Borujerd in the Western Iranian Province of Lorestan. ...


Borujerd is located on Silakhor plain which is the largest agricultural land of Lorestan. The high-elevated Zagros Mountains surrounds it from South East to North West and the peaks are covered with snow most of the times. Rural people work in farms or keep their domestic animals. Other people work in governmental offices, armed forces, factories or small local businesses. The feet of Zagros Mountains is a great destination for nomads and many Lurs and Bakhtiari nomads move there in summer. The Zagros Mountains (Persian: رشته كوه زاگرس), (Kurdish: Çîyayên Zagrosê), make up Iran and Iraqs largest mountain range. ... Lurs are an ethnic group of Iranian peoples. ... The Bakhtiari (or Bakhtiyari) are a group of southwestern Iranian people. ...


The area is paved with highways and is a crossroad between Tehran and Khuzestan as well as Isfahan and Kermanshahan Provinces. This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Map showing Khuzestan in Iran Domes like this are quite common in Khuzestan province. ... Esfahān province (Persian: استان اصفهان (Ostan-e Esfahan); also transliterated as Isfahan, Esfahan, Espahan, Sepahan or Isphahan) is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. ... Kermanshah (Persian: كرمانشاه; Kurdish: Kirmaşan) is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. ...


Borujerd City

Yadbood Crossroad, Borujerd

The city of Borujerd is one of the oldest cities in Iran which has been populated at least for 20 centuries and has been reported at least from Sassanid era. Since the Islamic conquest of Persia(637-651 CE), Borujerd has been considered as a strategic area and especially in Seljuk and Qajar eras it received significant attention and many mosques, schools, bridges and castles were made or rebuilt during these dynasties. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 509 pixelsFull resolution (1609 × 1023 pixel, file size: 426 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Yadbood Crossroad in Borujerd City I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 509 pixelsFull resolution (1609 × 1023 pixel, file size: 426 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Yadbood Crossroad in Borujerd City I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Sassanid Empire at its greatest extent The Sassanid dynasty (also Sassanian) was the name given to the kings of Persia during the era of the second Persian Empire, from 224 until 651, when the last Sassanid shah, Yazdegerd III, lost a 14-year struggle to drive out the Umayyad Caliphate... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Islamic conquest of Afghanistan. ... The Seljuk coat of arms was a double headed eagle The Seljuk Turks (also Seldjuk, Seldjuq, Seljuq; in modern Turkish Selçuklular; in Persian سلجوقيان Saljūqiyān; in Arabic سلجوق Saljūq, or السلاجقة al-Salājiqa) were a major branch of the Oghuz Turks and a dynasty that ruled parts of... The Qajar dynasty was the ruling family of Persia from 1796 to 1925. ...


Borujerd City has 256,962 inhabitants (estimated for 2006) and it is the 31st largest city in Iran and the 2nd largest in Lorestan [1]. Borujerd is the industrial point of Lorestan. Its historical and cultural background as well as its remarkable nature, has changed it to a tourist destination. The city is well-structured with live nights and many shops and markets. Borujerdi people are easy going and tolerant and different religious minorities such as Jewish, Sufism and Bahai have grown there. The city has been named as Dār-Al-Sorūr which means the house of happiness. Today, Borujerd is sometimes referred to as Paris Kūčūlū namely the little Paris. The word Jew ( Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination... Sufism is a mystic tradition that found a home in Islam and encompasses a diverse range of beliefs and practices dedicated to Allah, divine love and the cultivation of the heart. ... Known in India as the Lotus Temple, the Bahai House of Worship attracts an average of three and a half million visitors a year. ... Borujerd (Persian: ), (Luri pronunciation: vorÅ«gerd, also borÅ«gerd; Borujerdi Dialect: vÅ«riyerd) (Name spelling variations: Boroujerd, Borudjerd, Boroojerd, Brujerd, Burujird, Borugerd) is a city and shahrestan (township) in Lorestan Province in Western Iran. ...


History

Borujerd area has been populated at least since 3000 B.C. Medes used its pastures to produce and train thousands of horses each year. Seleucids used Roomian Castle as a strategic military garrison. Sassanid empires promoted Borujerd to a city level and built a fire-temple there. During the Islamic conquest of Persia (637-651 CE), Borujerd castle was used by Iranian army to support the troops and the final battle occurred in Nihavand, 55 km north West of Borujerd. Yazdgerd III escaped to Borujerd castle and his army reunited again there. The Islamic Arab governor, Abudolf ibn Hamulah, rebuilt the city and constructed the Jame Mosque of Borujerd on top of a Zoroastrian fire temple. This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Seleucus I Nicator (Nicator, the Victor) (around 358–281 BC) was one of Alexander the Greats generals who, after Alexanders death in 323 BC, founded the Seleucid Empire. ... Sassanid Empire at its greatest extent The Sassanid dynasty (also Sassanian) was the name given to the kings of Persia during the era of the second Persian Empire, from 224 until 651, when the last Sassanid shah, Yazdegerd III, lost a 14-year struggle to drive out the Umayyad Caliphate... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Islamic conquest of Afghanistan. ... Nahavand (Persian: , Nahāvand); also transliterated Nahavend, Nahawand, Nehavand, Nihavand or Nehavend; formerly called: Mah-Nahavand, Laodicea (Greek: Λαοδικεια; Arabic Ladhiqiyya), also transliterated Laodiceia and Laodikeia, Laodicea in Media, Laodicea in Persis, Antiochia in Persis, Antiochia of Chosroes (Greek: Αντιόχεια του Χοσρόη), Antiochia in Media (Greek: Αντιόχεια της Μηδίας), Nemavand and Niphaunda – is a town in Hamadan... Yazdgerd III (Persian: یزدگرد سوم, made by God), last king of Sassanid dynasty, a grandson of Khosrau II (590–628), who had been murdered by his son Kavadh II of Persia in 628, and was raised to the throne in 632 after a series of internal conflicts. ... The Ja’me Mosque of Borujerd (مسجد جامع بروجرد masjed jāme in formal Persian and mačed jomma namely Friday Mosque in Borujerdi Dialect) is the oldest mosque in Zagros area and western Iran. ... Zoroastrianism was adapted from an earlier, polytheistic faith by Zarathushtra (Zoroaster) in Persia very roughly around 1000 BC (although, in the absence of written records, some scholars estimates are as late as 600 BC). ...

Soltani Mosque of Borujerd, 18th c. A.D., a famouss mosque from Qajar era.

Seljuk rulers had many travels and battles in Borujerd and Barkiyaruq the sultan of Great Seljuk from 1094-1105 died in this city. Some references mention that Zavvarian 5 km N of Borujerd City is his tomb, however according to historical books, his body was returned to Isfahan. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 652 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1216 × 1119 pixel, file size: 351 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) A picture of the details on the northern portrico of Soltani Mosque of Borujerd I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 652 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1216 × 1119 pixel, file size: 351 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) A picture of the details on the northern portrico of Soltani Mosque of Borujerd I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public... The Soltani Mosque of Borujerd is a beautiful and large mosque in the centre of Borujerd City. ... The Qajar dynasty was the ruling family of Persia from 1796 to 1925. ... The Seljuk coat of arms was a double headed eagle The Seljuk Turks (also Seldjuk, Seldjuq, Seljuq; in modern Turkish Selçuklular; in Persian سلجوقيان SaljÅ«qiyān; in Arabic سلجوق SaljÅ«q, or السلاجقة al-Salājiqa) were a major branch of the Oghuz Turks and a dynasty that ruled parts of... Rukn ad-Din Barkiyaruq (b. ... Part of Shah Abbas large urban project in his new capital, the Chahār Bāgh Four Gardens, is a four-kilometer avenue in the city of Isfahan. ...


Since approximately 1000 to 1500 A.D. Borujerd Was governed by Atabakan-e Lorestan who governed Lur-e-Kuchak. Genghis Khan and Mongolians attacked the Lur-e-Kuchak and ruined Borujerd and Khorram Abad. Timur attacked Borujerd two times and destroyed this city but Timurids used Borujerd Castle and Roomian Castle for military purposes. For other uses, see Genghis Khan (disambiguation). ... Khorramabad (or Khorram Abad) is the capital of Lorestan, a province in western Iran. ... Statue of Timur in Shahrisabz, Uzbekistan Tīmūr bin Taraghay Barlas (Chagatai Turkic: تیمور - Tēmōr, iron) (1336 – February 1405) was a 14th-century warlord of Turco-Mongol descent[1][2][3][4], conqueror of much of Western and central Asia, and founder of the Timurid Empire (1370–1405... Timurids Map The Timurids were a Turkic-Mongol dynasty of Iran established by the Mongol Timur (Tamerlane). ...


In Safavid era (1500-1700 A.D) Borujerd was governed as a separate state including Japlaq or Gapleh, and was neighbor of Golpayegan. Zand kings were lurs and originally from somewhere between Malayer and Borujerd. They paid attention to Borujerd for its brave soldiers (known as Silakhori) which were already used by Safavids. Several battles occurred there. The Safavids were a long-lasting Turkic-speaking Iranian dynasty that ruled from 1501 to 1736 and first established Shiite Islam as Persias official religion. ... Gulpaigan or Golpāyegān is a town in west-central Iran, 90 miles (145 km) northwest of Isfahan. ... The Zand dynasty ruled southern and central Iran in the eighteenth century. ... Malayer (ملاير) is a city in the Hamadan province of Iran. ...


In Qajar era Borujerd was a small state at first but changed to the centre of Borujerd, Lorestan and Khuzestan states later and the city developed rapidly. The Soltani Mosque of Borujerd, the Great Bazaar of Borujerd and many schools and gardens were built and the city castle was rebuilt. The Qajar dynasty was the ruling family of Persia from 1796 to 1925. ... Map showing Khuzestan in Iran Domes like this are quite common in Khuzestan province. ... The Soltani Mosque of Borujerd is a beautiful and large mosque in the centre of Borujerd City. ... Great Bazaar of Borujerd is located in the centre of the city and consists of many Rasteh Bazaars and Caravanserais. ...

Landscape shot near Goldasht, on the outskirts of Borujerd City


Reza Shah Pahlavi quit insurgencies of Lorestan and established army, railway, roads, hospitals and modern schools in Borujerd. In his time, Borujerd State was eliminated and according to new political dividing, Borujerd was attached to Lorestan Province. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2272 × 1704 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2272 × 1704 pixel, file size: 2. ... Shah Reza Pahlavi Reza Pahlavi (Persian: رضا پهلوی), (March 16, 1877–July 26, 1944), called Reza Shah the Great after his death, was Shah of Persia (later Iran) from December 15, 1925 to September 16, 1941. ...


After the Iranian Revolution in 1979, and during the Iran-Iraq War, Borujerd accepted many casualties and migrants from Khuzestan Province and was bombed many times. Sixty-five children were killed during bombings in an elementary school in Borujerd alone. In recent years, Borujerd has developed in population and construction and now it is struggling with social problems such as unemployment and drug abuse. Borujerd earthquake, March 2006 killed 66 people and injured 1400 people. This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... In the early morning of March 31, 2006 an earthquake occurred in the South of Borujerd with a massive destruction in Borujerd, Silakhor and Dorood areas of the Lorestan Province in Western Iran. ...


Historical Attractions

The statue ofArash the Archer

The Ja’me Mosque of Borujerd (مسجد جامع بروجرد masjed jāme in formal Persian and mačed jomma namely Friday Mosque in Borujerdi Dialect) is the oldest mosque in Zagros area and western Iran. ... The Soltani Mosque of Borujerd is a beautiful and large mosque in the centre of Borujerd City. ... An spectacular tomb in Borujerd, Iran from the Seljuk era. ... Great Bazaar of Borujerd is located in the centre of the city and consists of many Rasteh Bazaars and Caravanserais. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 481 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1092 × 1360 pixel, file size: 750 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 481 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1092 × 1360 pixel, file size: 750 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation... Arash, the Archer (Persian: آرش کمانگیر) is a heroic archer of the Persian mythology. ...

Parks and Natural Attractions

  • Goldasht Valley, Borujerd
  • Vennaii Village, Borujerd
  • Chogha Hill of Borujerd
  • Bishe Dalan Pound, Borujerd
  • Oshtorankuh, Dorood
  • Women's Park

The Womens Park of Borujerd (In Persian: پارک بانوان بروجرد, pārke bānovāne borūjerd) is an urban park in the city of Borujerd in western province of Lorestan, Iran. ...

Famous People

Ayatollah Sayyid Husayn Borujerdi (آیت‌الله سیدحسين بورجردی in Persian, 1914 -2003) was a Grand Shiite ayatollah. ... Abdolhossein Zarrinkoub, prominent historian of Persian literature. ... Loris Tjeknavorian (also Cheknavarian) (born 1937) is a contemporary Iranian-Armenian composer. ... Jafar Shahidi (Born 1918 Boroujerd) is a notable scholar of Persian language and literature and a renowned historian of Islam. ...

See also

In the early morning of March 31, 2006 an earthquake occurred in the South of Borujerd with a massive destruction in Borujerd, Silakhor and Dorood areas of the Lorestan Province in Western Iran. ... The Borujerdi dialect is the variety of the Luri language spoken in Borujerd city and surrounding areas in Lorestan Province of Iran. ... Falak-ol-aflak, built by the Sassanids, is almost 1800 years old. ...

External links

Coordinates: 33°54′N, 48°45′E Encyclopædia Iranica is a project of Columbia University started in 1974 at its Center for Iranian (Persian) Studies with the goal to create a comprehensive and authoritiative English language encyclopedia about the history, culture, and civilization of Iranian peoples from prehistory to modern times. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Borujerd (79 words)
City in western Iran with 250,000 inhabitants (2005 estimate) in the Zagros Mountains at an elevation 1,700 metres above sea level.
Borujerd is an active city with many mid-size and smaller manufacturing companies.
The region of Borujerd has many mounds with ruins that have not been examined by archaeologists yet.
Borujerd at AllExperts (884 words)
The city of Borujerd is one of the oldest cities in Iran which has been populated at least for 20 centuries and has been reported at least from Sassanid era.
Borujerd City has 256,962 inhabitants (estimated for 2006) and it is the 31st largest city in Iran and the 2nd largest in Lorestan [1].
During the Islamic conquest of Persia (637-651 CE), Borujerd castle was used by Iranian army to support the troops and the final battle occurred in Nihavand, 55 km north West of Borujerd.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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