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Encyclopedia > Borough Park, Brooklyn

Coordinates: 40.6335°′N, 73.9929°′W Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Borough Park Street covered with snow.
Borough Park Street covered with snow.
View of 14th Avenue.
View of 14th Avenue.

Borough Park (usually spelled by its residents Boro Park), is a neighborhood in the southwestern part of the borough of Brooklyn, in New York City in the United States. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x768, 430 KB) Summary Typical Borought Park Street Scene Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x768, 430 KB) Summary Typical Borought Park Street Scene Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 428 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (797 × 1116 pixel, file size: 174 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) The corner in Borough Park Section of Brooklyn Photo is taken by Svetlana P., File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 428 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (797 × 1116 pixel, file size: 174 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) The corner in Borough Park Section of Brooklyn Photo is taken by Svetlana P., File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as... A neighbourhood or neighborhood (see spelling differences) is a geographically localised community located within a larger city, town or suburb. ... The Five Boroughs redirects here. ... This article is about the borough of New York City. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ...


Borough Park is home to one of the largest Orthodox Jewish communities outside of Israel. With an estimated Jewish population that may be as high as 250,000 Jews, which includes many Hasidic and Hareidi Jews.[1] It has one of the largest concentrations of Jews in the United States and is among the most Orthodox neighborhoods in the world. Orthodox Judaism is the formulation of Judaism that adheres to a relatively strict interpretation and application of the laws and ethics first canonised in the Talmudic texts (Oral Torah) and as subsequently developed and applied by the later authorities known as the Gaonim, Rishonim, and Acharonim. ... For other uses, see Jew (disambiguation). ... This article is about the Hasidic movement originating in Poland and Russia. ... Haredi or chareidi Judaism is the most theologically conservative form of Orthodox Judaism. ...


Borough Park is home to many Hasidic groups with the largest being the Hasidic communities of Bobov; as well as large numbers in the Belz, Ger, Satmar, Stolin, Vizhnitz, Munkacz, Spinka, Klausenburg, and Puppa communities, among others. It is also home to many hareidi non-Hasidic or Lithuanian Jews, typically called Litvish or Yeshivish with a smaller number of Modern Orthodox Jews. This article is about the Hasidic movement originating in Poland and Russia. ... Bobov, (or Bobover Hasidism) (חסידות באבוב) is a Hasidic group within Haredi Judaism originating in Bobowa, Galicia in Southern Poland and now headquartered in the neighborhood of Borough Park in Brooklyn, New York. ... The third Belzer Rebbe, Yissachar Dov Rokeach Belz (חסידות בעלז) is a Hasidic dynasty named after the town of Belz, a small town originally located in eastern Poland, presently in Ukraine. ... Ger, or Gur (or Gerrer when used as an adjective) is a large Hasidic dynasty originating from Gur, the Yiddish name of Góra Kalwaria, a small town in Poland. ... Satmar (or Satmar Hasidism or Satmarer Hasidim) (חסידות סאטמאר) is a movement of Haredi Jews who adhere to Hasidism originating in the town of Szatmárnémeti (now Satu Mare, Romania), at that time in the Kingdom of Hungary. ... Karlin is a Hasidic Dynasty originating with Rebbe Aaron Perlow of Karlin in present-day Belarus. ... Vizhnitz Simchas Beis HaShoeivah in Bnei Brak in 2006 Viznitz or Viznitzer Hasidim are a Haredi group of Hasidic Jews. ... The Rebbe of Munkacz (or Munkatch), Rabbi Chaim Elazar Shapiro (who led the community from 1913 until his death in 1937) was the most outspoken voice of religious anti-Zionism. ... Spinka is the name of a Hasidic group within Orthodox Judaism. ... The Pápai Rebbe with New York Mayor Michael Bloomberg Puppa is the name of a Hasidic group within Judaism. ... Modern Orthodox Judaism (or Modern Orthodox or Modern Orthodoxy) is a movement within Orthodox Judaism that attempts to synthesize traditional observance and values with the secular, modern world. ...


Its "heart" lies between 12th and 18th Avenues and 40th and 62nd Streets.[2]

Contents

Neighborhood transformation

The neighborhood has made many transformations in the recent decades. Demographically, it has changed from a largely diverse neighborhood of Italian, Irish, and modern Jewish families to an enclave of Hasidic Jewish families. These families, which tend to have several children, often require larger homes, and this has fueled construction and renovation projects across the neighborhood. The vast majority of these projects involve larger bedrooms and kitchens. Since 1990, the Building Department has issued more permits for private construction projects - new homes and additions - in the Borough Park area than in any other residential neighborhood in Brooklyn."[2] These construction projects were aided with a new law in 1992, which established Borough Park as a special zoning district where residents could build on 65% of their lot. This reduced the size of setbacks and backyards tremendously.


Population growth

Borough Park has been described as being the "baby boom capital" of New York City, because of its high birth rate. The neighborhood recorded 4,523 births in 2004,[3] the highest in the city. The closest area in Brooklyn in population growth was in Williamsburg, home to many Satmar Hasidim, which reported 3,839 births. Borough Park's birth rate, 24.4 per 1,000 residents has translated into major growth in the neighborhood. Williamsburg is a neighborhood in the New York City borough of Brooklyn, bordering Greenpoint, Bed-Stuy, and Bushwick. ... Satmar (or Satmar Hasidism or Satmarer Hasidim) (חסידות סאטמאר) is a movement of Haredi Jews who adhere to Hasidism originating in the town of Szatmárnémeti (now Satu Mare, Romania), at that time in the Kingdom of Hungary. ...


Business development

Stores and businesses are currently expanding and gaining economically. The 13th Avenue shopping district, a shopping strip roughly one mile in length from 39th street to about 55th street, is packed with many storefronts to supply Jewish households. Many Hasidic Jews shop at these stores, coming from all parts of the city, other parts of the country and from other countries. Their increase in profits and business is attributed to the use of entrepreneurial spirit among their storeowners, the increasing density of the Hasidic population in Borough Park, and the Internet.[4]


The community has achieved global renown among Hasidic Jews for its shopping and attractions. In 1999, a 52-room kosher hotel called “The Avenue Plaza Hotel” opened on 13th Avenue, thus becoming the first hotel to rise in Borough Park in more than a decade. It is now a popular attraction for visitors to New York City and is among a very few that can accommodate the needs of many Hasidim. The circled U indicates that this can of tuna is certified kosher by the Union of Orthodox Congregations. ... Hasidim can refer to Saintly Pharisees Hasidic Judaism This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


Through its expansion, it has become among the most economically active and expanding Jewish communities in the world[citation needed]. The major banks, Washington Mutual, JPMorgan Chase, and Citibank have had local branches for decades. A booming economy has brought in others including Apple, North Fork, HSBC, Park Avenue, Sovereign Bank, Berkshire, Liberty Pointe, and Commerce Bank. “WaMu” redirects here. ... JPMorgan Chase (NYSE: JPM TYO: 8634 ) is one of the oldest financial services firms in the world. ... Citibank is a major international bank, founded in 1812 as the City Bank of New York. ... North Fork is the name of the following places in the United States of America: North Fork Township, Illinois North Fork Township, Minnesota This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... For other uses, see HSBC (disambiguation). ... Sovereign Bank NYSE: SOV, currently the 18th largest banking institution in the United States [1], has more than $63 billion in assets [2] and operates more than 650 retail banking offices [3], over 1,000 ATMs [4], and employes approximately 10,000 people [5]. The company is based in Reading... Commerce Bank, the name of four unrelated banks in the United States, may refer to: Commerce Bancorp, based in Cherry Hill, New Jersey, which does business as Commerce Bank in the Mid-Atlantic, Connecticut, and Florida. ...


Education

The New York City Department of Education operates Borough Park's public schools. The Official Seal of the City of New York The New York City Department of Education is the branch of municipal government in New York City that manages the citys public school system. ...


Virtually all of the large population of school-children born into Borough Park's Hasidic families attend local yeshivas for boys and Bais Yaakov-type schools for girls. This has led to a public school population drain for local schools, such as Montauk Intermediate School. Most recently, the New York City Department of Education hoped to take advantage of the empty space and construct a small school, called the Kingsborough Early College School inside Montauk. [5] The Hasidic community was not pleased by the prospect of a new public school and protested the decision. The Community Educational Council heard these complaints and decided against expanding its public school system. This article is about the Jewish male educational system. ... Bais Yaakov or Beit Yaakov or Beth Jacob (literally House [of] Jacob in Hebrew) is a loosely-organized group of Orthodox Jewish day schools throughout the world for young Jewish females from religious families. ...


Many of the elementary schools have had mixed results from this student drain. For example, Public School 164 in Borough Park "...is at only 89 percent of capacity because many children in the community attend yeshivas. Classes are small, the hallways quiet, the principal and assistant principal know every student by name."[6] Subsequently, the percentage of children reading at or above the grade level has increased to 55% in 2004 from 40% in 1998 in an otherwise unchanged school.


Religion and politics

In Brooklyn, about 37% of Jews consider themselves Orthodox,[7] and Boro Park is often referred to as the "heartland" or "home" for New York's Orthodox Jewish population[citation needed]. The neighborhood became largely Orthodox in the last 40 years, however, transforming from "suburb to shtetl" as the sociologist Egon Mayer described it. A shtetl (Yiddish: , diminutive form of Yiddish shtot שטאָט, town, pronounced very similarly to the South German diminutiveStädtle, little town) was typically a small town with a large Jewish population in pre-Holocaust Central and Eastern Europe. ...


During much of the early 1900s, the Jewish population in Borough Park, and Brooklyn as a whole, was part of a much more liberal-leaning voting block. However, many of these early Jewish families moved to the suburbs or other places around the city while more conservative Hasidic Jews (many of them survivors of the Holocaust and immigrant families from Eastern Europe) joined their neighborhoods. As a result, the overwhelming majority of the Hasidic population in Borough Park and Brooklyn introduced a more traditional Jewish religious lifestyle. A 2002 study by the UJA Federation-New York revealed that only 2% of Borough Park's Jews identified themselves as Reform Jews and nearly three-fourths identified themselves as Orthodox Jews. [8] “Shoah” redirects here. ... Pre-1989 division between the West (grey) and Eastern Bloc (orange) superimposed on current national boundaries: Russia (dark orange), other countries of the former USSR (medium orange),members of the Warsaw pact (light orange), and other former Communist regimes not aligned with Moscow (lightest orange). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Reform Judaism can refer to (1) the largest denomination of American Jews and its sibling movements in other countries, (2) a branch of Judaism in the United Kingdom, and (3) the historical predecessor of the American movement that originated in 19th-century Germany. ... Orthodox Judaism is the formulation of Judaism that adheres to a relatively strict interpretation and application of the laws and ethics first canonised in the Talmudic texts (Oral Torah) and as subsequently developed and applied by the later authorities known as the Gaonim, Rishonim, and Acharonim. ...

Grand Rabbi Pinchos Dovid Horowitz of Chust-Borough Park
Grand Rabbi Pinchos Dovid Horowitz of Chust-Borough Park

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (536x807, 349 KB) Grand Rabbi Pinchos Dovid Horowitz, the Chuster Rov of Borough Park NY I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (536x807, 349 KB) Grand Rabbi Pinchos Dovid Horowitz, the Chuster Rov of Borough Park NY I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ...

Religious observances

The Hasidic population adheres strongly to halakha ("Jewish law") and the Shulkhan Arukh ("Code of Jewish Law") based on the Torah following many strict Judaic laws in their daily lives. There are many Hasidic rebbes as well as many rabbinical personalities with their own synagogues and followings. The neighborhoods in which the Haredi communities live are connected by an Eruv which enables those who accept it to carry items outside of their homes on the Shabbat, an activity which is halakhically forbidden without an Eruv. Saturday is the Shabbat, a day of rest, which is strictly observed to the full extent of halakha, by most members of the community. In some areas a siren is sounded on Friday before sundown to indicate the arrival of the Shabbat. Halakha (Hebrew: הלכה; also transliterated as Halakhah, Halacha, Halakhot and Halachah with pronunciation emphasis on the third syllable, kha), is the collective corpus of Jewish religious law, including biblical law (the 613 mitzvot) and later talmudic and rabbinic law as well as customs and traditions. ... The Shulkhan Arukh (Hebrew: Prepared Table), by Rabbi Yosef Karo is considered the most authoritative compilation of Jewish law since the Talmud. ... The Torah () is the most important document in Judaism, revered as the inspired word of God, traditionally said to have been revealed to Moses. ... Rebbe which means master, teacher, or mentor is a Yiddish word derived from the identical Hebrew word רבי (Rabbi). ... For the town in Italy, see Rabbi, Italy. ... A synagogue (from ancient Greek: , transliterated synagogē, assembly; ‎ beit knesset, house of assembly; Yiddish: or Template:Lanh-he beit tefila, house of prayer, shul; Ladino: , esnoga) is a Jewish house of worship. ... Eruv (‎, also spelt Eiruv or Erub, plural: Eruvin) is a Hebrew word meaning mixture, and refers to any of three procedures which allow certain activities in Jewish law which would otherwise be forbidden. ... This article or section cites very few or no references or sources. ...


Culturally and religiously, the neighborhood is considered one of the most Orthodox in the world. "Many families do not own televisions or attend movies. The children attend yeshivas instead of public schools. Adolescent girls do not leave the house without making certain that their knees and elbows are covered, and at weddings and funerals alike, women and men sit separately to avoid physical contact, as required by religious law."[9]


Many stores in Borough Park sell or prepare kosher food made under rabbinical supervision. The circled U indicates that this can of tuna is certified kosher by the Union of Orthodox Congregations. ...


There was a large controversy surrounding the erection of an eruv in Borough Park, because of differing interpretations of the application of Jewish law. In the 1950s, recent Jewish immigrants, mostly Hasidim, from Poland and Hungary began to expand their presence. These Hasidim, who populate most of the neighborhood today, brought their own traditions and religious customs to Borough Park. The eruv, which was used to network Orthodox families in many places of Eastern Europe for a long time, was originally challenged by the older Jewish community. Lithuanian Jews, who settled in Borough Park beginning around 1910, saw it as a move of religious liberalism. However, over time, the Hasidim grew reaching roughly 85% in 2000.[10] After some debate, the eruv was constructed to link the community, circumventing the Shabbat prohibition of carrying necessary items. It was built in 1999-2000 and has remained an enormous network, numbering about 225 blocks in Borough Park. Its use is still the subject of controversy. Eruv (‎, also spelt Eiruv or Erub, plural: Eruvin) is a Hebrew word meaning mixture, and refers to any of three procedures which allow certain activities in Jewish law which would otherwise be forbidden. ... Minhag (Hebrew: מנהג Custom, pl. ...


Bobov

Borough Park is the headquarters of Hasidic Judaism's large Bobov community, numbering roughly between 1,800 to 2,000 families,[11] It is one of Brooklyn's largest Hasidic communities and has followers in Canada, England, Belgium and Israel. Bobov, (or Bobover Hasidism) (חסידות באבוב) is a Hasidic group within Haredi Judaism originating in Bobowa, Galicia in Southern Poland and now headquartered in the neighborhood of Borough Park in Brooklyn, New York. ... This article is about the Hasidic movement originating in Poland and Russia. ... Bobov, (or Bobover Hasidism) (חסידות באבוב) is a Hasidic group within Haredi Judaism originating in Bobowa, Galicia in Southern Poland and now headquartered in the neighborhood of Borough Park in Brooklyn, New York. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ...


In 2005, the Bobover Rebbe, Rabbi Naftali Zvi Halberstam died, and Bobov split between his son-in-law, Rabbi Mordechai Dovid Unger, and his half-brother Rabbi Ben Zion Aryeh Leibish Halberstam. Rabbi Ben Zion is presently Rabbi in the main synagogue on 48 Street and is referred to as "Bobov 48", while Rabbi Mordechai Dovid's temporary synagogue is located in the Bais Yaakov building on 45th Street and is referred to as "Bobov 45th". Rebbe which means master, teacher, or mentor is a Yiddish word derived from the identical Hebrew word רבי (Rabbi). ... Grand Rabbi Naftali Halberstam of Bobov Naftali Tzvi Halberstam כק אדמור מבאבוב, זצל (1930-2005) was the Grand Rebbe (akin to chief rabbi)of Bobov from August of 2000 until March of 2005. ... Grand Rebbe Mordechai Dovid Unger (right) and Grand Rabbi Yehoshua Rubin Grand Rabbi Mordechai Duvid Unger of Bobov Status is disputed with Grand Rabbi Ben Zion Aryeh Leibish Halberstam of Bobov כק אדמור מבאבוב, שליטא (b. ... Grand Rabbi Ben Zion Halberstam Grand Rabbi Ben Zion Halberstam presiding over a Hassidic Tish in celebration of the Jewish holiday of Passover Grand Rabbi Ben Zion Aryeh Leibish Halberstam of Bobov Status is disputed with Grand Rabbi Mordechai David Unger of Bobov כק אדמור מבאבוב, שליטא (b. ...


Police and security

The Hasidic community has developed a network of residents to handle emergencies in the neighborhood. Hatzolah is a volunteer ambulance group composed of emergency medical technicians and paramedics. The Hasidic community has been able to form close ties with the local authorities, leading to a sometimes close, but often fragile relationship. Hatzolah ambulance in Crown Heights, Brooklyn, New York City Hatzolah (rescue or relief in ‎), is a volunteer Emergency medical service (EMS) organization functioning in Israel and in many Orthodox Jewish neighborhoods in major cities of the United States, as well as in Australia, South Africa, Mexico, Belgium, Switzerland, Canada, Russia...


References

  1. ^ Barnes, Julian. "A Debate Over Strictures For Sabbath Observance." The New York Times. New York, N.Y. June 2, 2000. pg. B.1
  2. ^ a b Sontag, Deborah. "Orthodox Neighborhood Reshapes Itself." The New York Times. January 7, 1998. pg. A1
  3. ^ "Fertile Grounds--Baby Boom in Borough Park." New York Post. January 23, 2006. pg. 7.
  4. ^ Roane, Kit R. “For Jews Around World, Borough Park Is the Place to Shop.” ’’The New York Times’’. August 22, 1999. pg. 1.1 (Local)
  5. ^ Gootman, Elissa. "Plans for a Public School Upset Brooklyn Hasidim." The New York Times. February 3, 2006. pg. B3(Local)
  6. ^ Joyce Purnick."Schools Find New Test, For Themselves." The New York Times. April 5, 2004. pg. B.1
  7. ^ Heilman, Samuel C. "The Young and the Restless." [Op-Ed] The New York Times. April 9, 2006. pg. 4.13.
  8. ^ Newman, Andy. "In Orthodox Borough Park, Last Holdouts Get Strange Looks; Reform Jews, Adrift in a Sea of Black Hats." The New York Times. May 13, 2005. pg. B1(Local)
  9. ^ Confessore, Nicholas, Farmer, Ann. "In Borough Park, the Unusual Taste of Fear." The New York Times. May 10, 2006. pg. B.3
  10. ^ Barnes, Julian. "Symbolic Line Divides Jews in Borough Park." The New York Times. New York, N.Y. June 2, 2000. pg. B.1
  11. ^ Newman, Andy. "A Battle for Succession Takes No Holiday." The New York Times, March 26, 2005 p. B4 col 01 (19 col in)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Borough Park, Brooklyn - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1787 words)
Borough Park (sometimes rendered as Boro Park), is a neighborhood in the borough of Brooklyn, in New York City in the United States.
The closest area in Brooklyn in population growth was in Williamsburg, the center of the Satmar Hasidic community, which reported 3,839 births.
Borough Park is the center of the large Bobov community, part of Hasidic Judaism.
Bike lane plan hits bump: Orthodox Jews fear intrusion, The New York Daily News, November 14, 1997 (623 words)
Borough Park's Orthodox Jewish community is in an uproar over a city plan to lay bicycle lanes there, saying it will clog roads, endanger kids and bring "immodestly dressed people" cycling through the area.
Parked cars are allowed 8 feet on one side and 7 feet on the other.
And two years ago, Borough Park politicians were instrumental in banning Calvin Klein advertisements of barely dressed children from the city's buses and bus shelters.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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