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Encyclopedia > Bornholm disease

Bornholm disease or pleurodynia is a disease caused by the Coxsackie virus. It is named after the Danish island Bornholm where the first documented cases occurred. A disease or medical condition is an abnormality of the body or mind that causes discomfort, dysfunction, distress, or death to the person afflicted or those in contact with the person. ... Coxsackie A virus is a cytolytic virus of the Picornaviridae family, a enterovirus (a group containing the polioviruses, coxsackieviruses, and echoviruses). ... Groups I: dsDNA viruses II: ssDNA viruses III: dsRNA viruses IV: (+)ssRNA viruses V: (-)ssRNA viruses VI: ssRNA-RT viruses VII: dsDNA-RT viruses A virus (Latin, poison) is a microscopic particle that can infect the cells of a biological organism. ... Bornholm is a Danish island in the Baltic Sea. ...


Other names

It is also known as the devil's grip, devil's grippe, epidemic myalgia, epidemic pleurodynia or The Grasp of the Phantom


It is spread by contact and epidemics usually occur during warm weather in temperate regions and at any time in the tropics. It can also be spread through saliva and feces.[1]


Symptoms include:

  • fever
  • headache
  • attacks of severe pain in the lower chest. The slightest movement of the rib cage causes a sharp increase of pain, which makes it very difficult to breathe, and an attack is therefore quite a frightening experience, although it generally passes off before any actual harm occurs. The attacks are unpredictable and strike "out of the blue" with a feeling like an iron grip around the rib cage. The colloquial names for the disease reflect this symptom.The virus that causes devils grip is Picornavirus.

An analogue medical thermometer showing the temperature of 38. ... A headache (medically known as cephalalgia, sometimes spelled as cephalgia) is a condition of pain in the head; sometimes neck or upper back pain may also be interpreted as a headache. ...


The illness lasts about a week and is rarely fatal. There is no specific treatment.

External links

  • PersonalMD

  Results from FactBites:
Bornholm - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (850 words)
Bornholm is a Danish island in the Baltic Sea.
Bornholm Regional Municipality is the municipality (Danish, kommune) which covers the entire island, and it has county privileges.
Bornholm, as a part of Denmark, was captured by Germany relatively early in the Second World War, and served as a lookout post and listening station during the war.
  More results at FactBites »



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