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Encyclopedia > Boris Savinkov

Boris Viktorovich Savinkov (Russian:Борис Викторович Савинков) (1879-1925) was a Russian writer and terrorist. As one of the leaders of the Fighting Organisation of the Socialist-Revolutionary Party, he was responsible for the most spectacular assassinations of imperial officials in 1904 and 1905. 1879 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Socialist-Revolutionary Party (SRs, or Essaires; Партия социалистов-революционеров (ПСР), эсеры in Russian) were a Russian political party active in the early 20th century. ... 1904 (MCMIV) is a leap year starting on a Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1905 (MCMV) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ...


Biography

For his assassination of Russian Minister of Interior Vyacheslav von Plehve and participation in the assassination of Grand Prince Sergei Romanov, he was arrested in 1906 and sentenced to death. However, he managed to escape from his prison cell in Odessa and found refuge in exile. He returned to Russia in April 1917, several months after the February Revolution, and became Assistant War Minister under Alexander Kerensky. However, he was soon expelled from the government and Socialist-Revolutionary Party because of his role in the uprising of General Lavr Kornilov in September 1917. He remained in Russia as a counter-revolutionary during the period after the October revolution. Vyacheslav Konstantinovich von Plehve (Вячесла́в Константи́нович фон Пле́ве), also Pléhve, or Pleve (April 4, 1846 Meshchovsk, Kaluga Guberniya – July 15 (Old Style) 1904 St Petersburg) was the director of the tsarist Russian Police and later Minister of the Interior. ... Sergei Alexandrovich Grand Duke Sergei Alexandrovich of Russia (Сергей Александрович) (April 29, 1857 - February 4, 1905, Old Style) was the seventh child and fifth son of Emperor Alexander II of Russia and his first Empress consort Marie of Hesse and by Rhine. ... 1906 (MCMVI) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... ODESSA (German Organisation der ehemaligen SS-Angehörigen; The Organization of Former SS-Members) was an alleged Nazi-German fugitive network set up towards the end of World War II by a group of SS officers, among whom Martin Bormann and Heinrich Himmler. ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar. ... The February Revolution of 1917 in Russia was the first stage of the Russian Revolution of 1917. ... Alexander Kerensky Alexander Fyodorovich Kerensky (Russian: Алекса́ндр Фёдорович Ке́ренский) (April 22, 1881 (May 2, New Style) - June 11, 1970) was a Russian revolutionary leader, who was instrumental in toppling the Russian Monarchy. ... The Socialist-Revolutionary Party (SRs, or Essaires; Партия социалистов-революционеров (ПСР), эсеры in Russian) were a Russian political party active in the early 20th century. ... Lavr Georgiyevich Kornilov (Russian: Лавр Георгиевич Корнилов) (1870-1918) was a Russian army general best known for the Kornilov Affair, an unsuccessful military coup he staged against Kerenskys Provisional Government during the 1917 Russian Revolution. ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar. ... A counterrevolutionary is anyone who opposes a revolution, particularly those who act after a revolution to try to overturn or reverse it, in full or in part. ... The October Revolution, also known as the Bolshevik Revolution, was the second phase of the Russian Revolution of 1917, the first having been instigated by the events around the February Revolution. ...


As a leader of the Society for Defence of Motherland and Freedom, Savinkov inspired several armed uprisings against the Bolsheviks, most notably in Yaroslavl, Rybinsk and Murmansk. After these were crushed by the Red Army, Savinkov returned to France. There, he held various posts in the Russian emigre societies and was the main diplomatic representative of admiral Aleksandr Kolchak in Paris. During the Polish-Bolshevik War of 1919-1920 he moved to Poland, where he formed a Russian political organisation responsible for the formation of several infantry and cavalry units out of former Bolshevik POWs. Bolshevik Party Meeting. ... Yaroslavl (Russian: ) is a city in Russia, an administrative center of Yaroslavl Oblast, located 250 km NE of Moscow at 57°37′ N 39°51′ E The historical part of the city is located at confluence of Volga and Kotorosl. ... Rybinsk (Ры́бинск) is a city in Yaroslavl Oblast, Russia, at the confluence of the Volga and Sheksna. ... Murmansk, Archangelsk, Dikson, Tiksi, on the Arctic Ocean Murmansk coin Murmansk (Му́рманск) is a city in the extreme northwest of Russia (north of the Arctic circle) with a seaport on the Kola Gulf, 20 miles from the Barents Sea on the northern shore of the Kola Peninsula, not far from Russia... Red Army flag The short forms Red Army and RKKA refer to the Workers and Peasants Red Army, (Рабоче-Крестьянская Красная Армия - Raboche-Krestyanskaya Krasnaya Armiya in Russian), the armed forces organised by the Bolsheviks during the Russian Civil War in 1918. ... Admiral Kolchak Aleksandr Vasiliyevich Kolchak (Александр Васильевич Колчак in Russian) (November 4 (November 16 NS), 1874 – February 7, 1920) was a Russian naval commander and later head of part of the anti-Bolshevik White forces during the Russian Civil War. ... The Eiffel Tower has become a symbol of Paris throughout the world. ... Polish-Bolshevik War Conflict Polish-Bolshevik War Date 1919–1921 Place Central and Eastern Europe Result Polish victory The Polish-Soviet War (also known as the Polish-Bolshevik War or the Polish-Russian War) was the war (February 1919 – March 1921) that determined the borders between the Russian Soviet Federated... 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1920 (MCMXX) is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar) // Events January January 7 - Forces of Russian White admiral Kolchak surrender in Krasnoyarsk. ... Geneva Convention definition A prisoner of war (POW) is a soldier, sailor, airman, or marine who is imprisoned by an enemy power during or immediately after an armed conflict. ...


He was an acquaintance of Sidney Riley, the legendary renegade British agent, and was involved in a number of "counter-revolutionary" plots against the Bolsheviks, sometimes collaborating with the British Secret Intelligence Service (SIS). These efforts were effectively undermined by Trust Operation implemented by OGPU. Savinkov was lured into the USSR to meet with false conspirators and consequently arrested. He committed suicide (official version) in the Lubyanka prison, in Moscow. He is believed to have been a heroin addict. Sidney Reilly (1874?-1925) was a Russian-born adventurer who worked for British SIS for a time. ... Bolshevik Party Meeting. ... The Secret Intelligence Service (SIS), more commonly known as MI6 (originally Military Intelligence Section 6), or the Secret Service or simply Six, is the United Kingdoms external security agency. ... Trust or Trest Operation (операция Трест) was an operation presented as a spectacular counterintelligence success of OGPU in 1921-1926. ... Soviet poster of the 1920s: The GPU strikes on the head the counter-revolutionary saboteur State Political Directorate was the secret police of the RSFSR and USSR until 1934. ... Lubyanka may refer to Lubyanka Square, Moscow Lubyanka prison, Moscow Lubyanka -- an informal reference to the former headquarters of KGB, at Lubyanka Square, Moscow. ... Moscow (Russian: Москва́, Moskva, IPA: ▶(?)) is the capital of Russia, located on the river Moskva. ... Heroin or diacetylmorphine (INN) is a semi-synthetic opioid. ...


Boris Savinkov wrote several novels. The most famous is an autobiographical novel called "Pale Horse".


Movie

2004: Karen Shakhnazarov directed a movie The Rider Named Death, based on Savinkov's book. Karen Shakhnazarov (1952-) is a Russian filmmaker, producer and screenwriter. ...


Works

  • "Воспоминания террориста" (1909 г.)
  • "Конь бледный" (1909 г.)
  • "То, чего не было" (1912 г.)
  • повесть "Конь вороной" (1923 г.),

 
 

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