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Encyclopedia > Boris I of Bulgaria

Boris I Michail or Boris I Michael (Bulgarian Борис I Михаил, known also as Bogoris)(died May 2, 907) was the khan from 852 to 889 and first Christian ruler of Bulgaria. Michael became part of his name after his baptism in 864. He was son of Khan Presijan of Bulgaria. May 2 is the 122nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (123rd in leap years). ... Events Oleg leads Kievan Rus in a campaign against Constantinople Yelü Abaoji establishes Liao (Khitan) dynasty Births Deaths Categories: 907 ... Khan (sometimes spelled as xan, han, Polish chan) is a title with many meanings, originally commander, leader or ruler, in Mongolian and Turkish. ... Events Boris I Michael succeeds the duumvirate of Malamir and Presian as monarch of Bulgaria. ... Events End of Strathclyde as a fully independent kingdom. ... A Christian is a follower of Jesus Christ. ... Baptism in early Christian art. ... Events Khan Boris I of Bulgaria is baptized an Orthodox Christian. ... Khan (sometimes spelled as xan, han, Polish chan) is a title with many meanings, originally commander, leader or ruler, in Mongolian and Turkish. ... Presijan or Presian was the Khan of Bulgaria from 836 to 852 and the grandson of Omortag-Khan of Bulgaria. ...

Boris kept the borders of his country essentially unchanged with diplomacy and alliances with the Frankish king Charles the Bald, Prince Rostislav of Moravia, the Byzantine Emperor Michael III, and eventually King Louis the German even though suffering defeats. His armies often confronted Croatia and Serbia and the German monarchy as well. In 863 a peace treaty with the Byzantine Empire regained parts of Zagora for Bulgaria; in return, Boris I was obliged to terminate his alliance with the German kingdom and to adopt Christianity. For other uses, see Franks (disambiguation). ... Charles the Bald - Detail from a painting in the First Bible of Charles the Bald, painted ca. ... The term prince (the female form is princess), from the Latin root princeps, when used for a member of the highest aristocracy, has several fundamentally different meanings - one generic, and several types of titles. ... This is a list of Byzantine Emperors. ... This coin struck during the regency of Theodora shows how Michael was less prominent than his mother, who is represented as ruler alone on the obverse, and even than his sister Thecla, who is depicted together with the young Michael on the reverse of this coin. ... Louis the German (also known as Louis II or Louis the Bavarian) (804 - August 28, 876), the third son of the emperor Louis the Pious and his first wife, Ermengarde of Hesbaye, was the king of Bavaria from 817, when his father partitioned the empire, and king of East Francia... Serbia and Montenegro  â€“ Serbia    â€“ Kosovo and Metohia        (UN administration)    â€“ Vojvodina  â€“ Montenegro Official language Serbian1 Capital Belgrade Independence- Declared from the Ottoman Empire Gained autonomy 1817 Independence July 13, 1878 Area – Total – % water 88,361 km² n/a Population – Total (2002) (not including data for Kosovo and Metohia Province) – Density 7. ... A monarchy, (from the Greek monos, one, and archein, to rule) is a form of government that has a monarch as Head of State. ... Events Constantine I succeeds as king of Scotland. ... Byzantine Empire (Greek: ) is the term conventionally used since the 19th century to describe the Greek-speaking Roman Empire during the Middle Ages, centered at its capital in Constantinople. ... There is also Cape Zagora in the island of Andros. ... Christianity is a monotheistic religion centered on the life, teachings, and actions of Jesus of Nazareth, known by Christians as Jesus Christ, as recounted in the New Testament. ...

In 864 Boris was baptized in the palace in Pliska. Proselytism of his nobility was, however, carried out forcefully — Boris ordered the execution of over fifty nobles who kept their pagan belief. Yet other nobles came under the protection of Vladimir, the elder son of Boris and a pagan believer. Vladimir was mentioned in accompanying his father fighting against the Serbs before his father's baptism. Events Khan Boris I of Bulgaria is baptized an Orthodox Christian. ... Pliska (Bulgarian. ... The English language word proselytism is derived ultimately from the Greek language prefix pros (towards) and the verb erchomai (to come). ... Paganism (from Latin paganus) and Heathenry are catch-all terms which have come to connote a broad set of spiritual/religious beliefs and practices of a natural religion, as opposed to the Abrahamic religions. ... Vladimir was the King of Bulgaria from 889 to 893. ...

Boris sought the independence of the Bulgarian Orthodox Church, keeping the middle ground between Pope Nicholas I and the Patriarch of Constantinople. His special delegation to the Pope carried a list of 115 questions and returned with the famous 106 answers concerning the essence of religion, law, politics, customs and personal faith. Catholic bishops and Byzantine priests were allowed to baptize and bless the people. In 870 the Bulgarian Orthodox Church was given autonomy from the Patriarchate of Constantinople. The Bulgarian Orthodox Church is an autocephalous Eastern Orthodox Church with some 6. ... Nicholas I,(Rome c. ... The Patriarch of Constantinople is the Ecumenical Patriarch, ranking as the first among equals in the Eastern Orthodox communion. ... Law (from the late Old English lagu of probable North Germanic origin) in politics and jurisprudence, is a set of rules or norms of conduct which mandate, proscribe or permit specified relationships among people and organizations, intended to provide methods for ensuring the impartial treatment of such people, and provide... Politics is a process by which collective decisions are made within groups. ... Custom has a number of meanings: A custom is a common practice among a group of people, especially depending on country, culture, time, and religion. ... The word faith has various uses; its central meaning is similar to belief, trust or confidence, but unlike these terms, faith tends to imply a transpersonal rather than interpersonal relationship – with God or a higher power. ... A bishop is an ordained member of the Christian clergy who, in certain Christian churches, holds a position of authority. ... Roman Catholic priest LCDR Allen R. Kuss (USN) aboard USS Enterprise A priest or priestess is a holy man or woman who takes an officiating role in worship of any religion, with the distinguishing characteristic of offering sacrifices. ... Events February 28 - End of the Fourth Council of Constantinople. ... The Bulgarian Orthodox Church is an autocephalous Eastern Orthodox Church with some 6. ... The Patriarch of Constantinople is the Ecumenical Patriarch, the first among equals in the Eastern Orthodox Communion. ...

In 893 Boris retired to a monastic life and was succeeded by his son Vladimir. Supported by pagan nobles, Vladimir reestablished paganism but was dethroned by Boris, who came out of retirement and, according to some traditions, blinded Vladimir; telling him that he did not deserve to see at all if he could not see the light of Christianity. Simeon, his other son, then assumed the throne and continued his father's work, becoming one of Bulgaria's greatest rulers. Events Simeon I succeeds Vladimir as king of Bulgaria. ... Vladimir was the King of Bulgaria from 889 to 893. ...

Boris was familiar with the work of Cyril, Methodius, and their 5 disciples, who collectively created the Slavic alphabet, as early as 881-882. Two of their disciples, Clement of Ohrid and Naum of Preslav, set up educational centers in Pliska and in Ohrid to further the development of Slavonic letters and liturgy. The alphabet developed by Cyril and Methodius came to be known as the Glagolitic alphabet and was adopted by other Slavic peoples. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Saints Cyril and Methodius. ... Saint Methodius (Greek: Μεθόδιος; Church Slavonic Мефодии) (b. ... Events Charles the Fat is crowned western emperor Louis III routs Norman pirates at Saucourt_en_Vimeu Births Deaths Emperor Seiwa of Japan Heads of states France - Louis III, king of France (879_882) Categories: 881 ... Events Carloman, King of the West Franks becomes sole king upon the death of his brother. ... Saint Clement of Ohrid Saint Clement of Ohrid (ca. ... Saint Naum Saint Naum of Preslav (Saint Naum of Ohrid) (c. ... Ceramic icon of St. ... The Ohrid Literary School was one of the two major medieval Macedonian cultural centres, along with the Preslav Literary School (Pliska Literary School). ... From the Greek word λειτουργια, which can be transliterated as leitourgia, meaning the work of the people, a liturgy comprises a prescribed religious ceremony, according to the traditions of a particular religion; it may refer to, or include, an elaborate formal ritual (such as the Catholic Mass), a daily activity such... Tablet inscribed with the Glagolitic alphabet The Glagolitic alphabet or Glagolitsa is the oldest known Slavonic alphabet. ... The Slavic peoples are defined by their linguistic attainment of the Slavic languages. ...

He passed away as a monk. A Roman Catholic monk A monk is a person who practices monasticism, adopting a strict religious and ascetic lifestyle, usually in community with others following the same path. ...


  • http://www.bulgaria.com/history/rulers/boris1.html
Preceded by:
and possibly Presian
List of Bulgarian monarchs Succeeded by:



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