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Encyclopedia > Boris Berezovsky

Boris Abramovich Berezovsky (Бори́с Абра́мович Березо́вский) a.k.a. Platon Elenin (born January 23, 1946) is a Russian billionaire. After the investigation on his business activities had been started in Russia he fled to the United Kingdom in 2001, where he was granted political asylum. His family now lives in Israel and he holds both Russian and Israeli citizenships. Boris Berezovsky (pianist) - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ... is the 23rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full 1946 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... A billionaire is a person who has a net worth of at least one billion units of currency, such as United States Dollars (USD), Pounds or Euros. ... Power lines leading to a trash dump hover just overhead in El Carpio, a Nicaraguan refugee camp in Costa Rica Under international law, a refugee is a person who is outside his/her country of nationality or habitual residence; has a well-founded fear of persecution because of his/her...

Contents

Early life and scientific research

Berezovsky was born into a Jewish[1] family in Moscow. He studied forestry and then applied mathematics, receiving his doctorate in 1983. He did research on Optimization and Control theory, publishing 16 books and articles between 1975 and 1989. He became a Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences in 1991 and the chair of a laboratory in its Institute of Control Sciences. For other uses, see Jew (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Moscow (disambiguation). ... A decidous beech forest in Slovenia. ... Applied mathematics is a branch of mathematics that concerns itself with the mathematical techniques typically used in the application of mathematical knowledge to other domains. ... In mathematics, the term optimization, or mathematical programming, refers to the study of problems in which one seeks to minimize or maximize a real function by systematically choosing the values of real or integer variables from within an allowed set. ... For control theory in psychology and sociology, see control theory (sociology). ... The title Academician denotes a Full Member of an art, literary, or scientific academy. ... Russian Academy of Sciences: main building Russian Academy of Sciences (Росси́йская Акаде́мия Нау́к) is the national academy of Russia. ...


Business career

Berezovsky started in business in 1989 under perestroika by buying and reselling automobiles from state manufacturer AutoVAZ. Officially, Berezovsky was called upon as an expert in development of optimized system of management of the enterprise. In 1992, a new middleman company, "LogoVAZ", was created with Berezovsky as its president. LogoVAZ became an exclusive consignment dealer of AutoVAZ, enabling a scheme (named "ReExport") in which cars were sold abroad and then bought back for sale on the internal market. Frequently cars also were not exported at all - all operations on export and import remained only on paper. Each car going through this scheme brought dealers an income of up to USD 1,500.[verification needed] This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... This page is about a car manufacturer. ... President is a title held by many leaders of organizations, companies, trade unions, universities, and countries. ... Consignment is the act of consigning, which is placing a person or thing in the hand of another, but retaining ownership until the goods are sold or person is transferred. ...


In May 1994, Berezovsky became head of the notorious Automobile All-Russia alliance "АVVА" ("АВВА" in Russian Cyrillic) and became known as the initiator of "the national car" project. This enterprise turned out to be merely a financial pyramid scheme. Shares of a nonexistent factory which has never been constructed were sold. On the data published in the Russian mass-media, the loss incurred by investors totalled USD 50 million.[verification needed]


He survived several assassination attempts,[2] including one in 1994, when a car bomb decapitated the chauffeur of his car (Berezovsky was not injured, as at the time of the attack he was in his LogoVAZ offices). Assassin and Assassins redirect here. ... For other uses, see Car bomb (disambiguation). ... A chauffeur in Japan A driver in Kerala A chauffeur is one who drives an automobile as a job. ...


Political activity

During the 1991-1999 presidency of Boris Yeltsin, Berezovsky was among the businessmen who gained special access to the president. He used his political clout to acquire stakes in state companies including AutoVAZ itself, the state airline Aeroflot, and several oil properties that he organized into Sibneft, paying a mere fraction of the companies' book values. Berezovsky established a bank to finance his operations and acquired several news media holdings as well. These media holdings provided essential support for Yeltsin's re-election in 1996. Berezovsky's holdings included the television channels ORT and TV6, along with the newspapers Nezavisimaya Gazeta, Novye Izvestiya, Kommersant and national-patriotic Zavtra. “Yeltsin” redirects here. ... JSC Aeroflot - Russian Airlines (Russian: ) (MICEX:AFLT RTS:AFLT), or Aeroflot (Russian: ) as the airline is commonly known, is the Russian flag carrier and the largest airline in Russia. ... Sibneft (Сибне́фть in Russian) is Russias fifth largest oil producing and refining company. ... The book value of an asset or group of assets is sometimes the price at which they were originally acquired (historic cost), in many cases equal to purchase price. ... Presidential elections were held in the Russian Federation in 1996. ... Channel One (Russian: , Pervy Kanal) is one of Russias most poorly rated TV channels with the smallest reception area. ... TV6 was a commercial television station in Russia that began functioning in 1993. ... Nezavisimaya Gazeta (Независимая Газета; independent newspaper) is a Russian language daily newspaper, published by Izvestiya. ... Novye Izvestiya (Russian: ) is a Russian daily newspaper, published in Moscow. ... Kommersant (Cyrillic: Коммерса́нтъ) (which literally translates as The Businessman) is a commerce-oriented newspaper published in Russia. ...


Berezovsky is a leading proponent of political and economic liberalization in Russia. He has frequently entered into politics by investing in the liberal media, financing liberal candidates, making political statements, and even seeking office himself.[dubious ] He was briefly executive secretary of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) and later a member of the Duma. Berezovsky had strong ties with Chechens through their Moscow diaspora connections. According to Ramzan Kadyrov, Berezovsky was strongly opposed to the Second Chechen War but nevertheless supported Vladimir Putin's 2000 presidential campaign. On June 15, 2000, The Times reported that Spanish police discovered Putin had secretly visited a villa in Spain belonging to Berezovsky on up to five different occasions in 1999.[3] Liberalism is an ideology, philosophical view, and political tradition which holds that liberty is the primary political value. ...  Member state  Associate member Headquarters Minsk, Belarus Working language Russian Type Commonwealth Membership 11 member states 1 associate member Leaders  -  Executive Secretary Viktor Yanukovych Establishment December 21, 1991 Website http://cis. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with State Duma. ... This article covers the Chechen people as an ethnic group, not Chechen meaning citizens of Chechnya. ... For other uses, see Diaspora (disambiguation). ... This article or section needs copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone and/or spelling. ... Combatants Russian Federation Pro-Russian Chechens Republic of Ichkeria Caucasian insurgents and foreign fighters Commanders Vladimir Putin Akhmad Kadyrov† Ramzan Kadyrov Aslan Maskhadov† Abdul Halim Sadulayev† Doku Umarov Shamil Basayev† Strength At least 93,000 in Chechnya in 1999. ... Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin (Russian: ) (born October 7, 1952) is the current President of the Russian Federation. ... Presidential elections were held in the Russian Federation on March 26, 2000. ... is the 166th day of the year (167th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... The Times is a national newspaper published daily in the United Kingdom since 1788. ...


Berezovsky was also involved in talks with terrorists on freeing hostages as a mediator and allegedly transferred large sums of money in exchange for hostages. In 1997, he delivered $2 million of governmental money in cash to Shamil Basayev who was then in charge of reconstruction of Chechnya. Berezovsky said that "we saved at least fifty people, who otherwise would have been killed; most of them were simple soldiers. And believe me, all of this was strictly official, with the full knowledge and consent of the Kremlin."[4] However Chechen president Aslan Maskhadov accused Berezovsky and Russian government of collusion with the hostage-takers.[4] Shamil Basayev in Dagestan, 1999 Shamil Salmanovich Basayev (Russian: Шамиль Салманович Басаев) (January 14, 1965 – July 10, 2006) was a Vice-President of the internationally unrecognized separatist government of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria, Islamist guerrilla leader, self-admitted terrorist and a national hero for many Chechens. ... Aslan Maskhadov Aslan Aliyevich Maskhadov (Russian: Аслан Алиевич Масхадов) (September 21, 1951 – March 8, 2005) was a leader of the separatist movement in the southern Russian republic of Chechnya. ...


According to Alex Goldfarb, Berezovsky secured Putin's appointment to Prime Minister position as a result of a secret agreement, where Putin promised his loyality to Yeltsin and his closest circle including Berezovsky himself.[4] However Putin later broke the agreement, when he was infuriated by the critical coverage of Russian submarine Kursk explosion by Russian ORT TV channel owned by Berezovsky. Putin forced Berezovsky to sell his ORT shares, partly in exchange for promise to free Nikolai Glushkov, a former manager of Aeroflot company and close associate of Berezovsky, according to Goldfarb.[4] For other uses, see Alex Goldfarb. ... In August 2000, the Russian Oscar II class submarine, Kursk sank in the Barents Sea when a leak of hydrogen peroxide in the forward torpedo room apparently led to the detonation of a torpedo warhead, which in turn triggered the explosion of around half a dozen other warheads about two... Channel One (Russian: , Pervy Kanal) is one of Russias most poorly rated TV channels with the smallest reception area. ... Nikolay Glushkov is a former Deputy Director-General of Aeroflot. ... JSC Aeroflot - Russian Airlines (Russian: ) (MICEX:AFLT RTS:AFLT), or Aeroflot (Russian: ) as the airline is commonly known, is the Russian flag carrier and the largest airline in Russia. ...


Exile in Britain

Russia neither welcomed Berezovsky's views on Chechnya, nor his political clout and opened investigations into Berezovsky's business activities. Fearing arrest, Berezovsky fled to London in 2001, where he was granted political asylum. He has been charged with fraud and political corruption, but the Russian government has been unable to get him extradited. From his new home in the U.K., he has strongly criticized the current Russian administration. The Chechen Republic (IPA: ; Russian: , Chechenskaya Respublika; Chechen: , Noxçiyn Respublika), or, informally, Chechnya (; Russian: ; Chechen: , Noxçiyçö), sometimes referred to as Ichkeria, Chechnia, Chechenia or Noxçiyn, is a federal subject of Russia. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... Right of asylum (or political asylum) is an ancient judicial notion, under which a person persecuted for political opinions or religious beliefs in his or her country may be protected by another sovereign authority, a foreign country, or Church sanctuaries (as in medieval times). ... World map of the Corruption Perceptions Index, which measures the degree to which corruption is perceived to exist among public officials and politicians. Blue colors indicate little corruption, red colors indicate much corruption In broad terms, political corruption is the misuse by government officials of their governmental powers for illegitimate... Extradition is a formal process by which a criminal suspect held by one government is handed over to another government for trial or, if the suspect has already been tried and found guilty, to serve his or her sentence. ...


In 2003 Boris Berezovsky formally changed his name to Platon Elenin ("Platon" being Russian for Plato, and Elena is the name of his wife) in the British courts. No reason has been given - but Platon is the name of the lead character in a film Tycoon based on his life. In December 2003 he was allowed to travel under his new name to Georgia, provoking a row between Russia and Georgia. PLATO was one of the first generalized Computer assisted instruction systems, originally built by the University of Illinois (U of I) and later taken over by Control Data Corporation (CDC), who provided the machines it ran on. ... Tycoon: A New Russian (Russian: ) is a 2002 Russian movie directed by Pavel Lungin. ...


In recent years, Berezovsky has gone into business with Neil Bush, the younger brother of U.S. President George W. Bush. Berezovsky has been an investor in Bush's Ignite! Learning, an educational software corporation, since at least 2003.[1] In 2005, Neil Bush met with Berezovsky in Latvia, causing tension with Russia due to Berezovsky's fugitive status.[2] Neil Bush has also been seen in Berezovsky's box at the Emirates Stadium, the home of British soccer club Arsenal F.C., for a game.[3] There has been speculation in the English language Moscow Times that the relationship may cause tension in Russo-American bilateral relations.[4] Neil Bush Neil Mallon Bush (born January 22, 1955 in Midland, Texas) is the third of five children of former President George Herbert Walker Bush and Barbara Bush (Barbara Lane Pierce). ... For the pop band, see Presidents of the United States of America. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the 43rd and current President of the United States, inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... Ignite! Learning is an educational software and hardware company cofounded in 1999 by Texas Republican businessman Neil Bush, brother of President George W. Bush. ... The Emirates Stadium is a football stadium located on Ashburton Grove in Holloway, north London, and the home of Arsenal Football Club since it opened in July 2006. ... Arsenal Football Club (also known as Arsenal, The Arsenal or The Gunners) are an English professional football club based in Holloway, north London. ... Moscow Times is an independent English language Russian daily newspaper. ...


In September 2005, soon after the Ukrainian government led by prime minister Yulia Tymoshenko was dismissed by president Viktor Yushchenko, former president of the Ukraine Leonid Kravchuk accused Berezovsky of financing Yushchenko's presidential election campaign, and provided copies of documents showing money transfers from companies he said are controlled by Berezovsky to companies controlled by Yuschenko's official backers. Berezovsky has confirmed that he met Yushchenko's representatives in London before the election, and that the money was transferred from his companies, but he refused to confirm or deny that the companies that received the money were used in Yushchenko's campaign. Financing of election campaigns by foreign citizens is illegal in Ukraine.[5] In September 2007, Berezovsky launched lawsuits against two Ukrainian politicians, Oleksandr Tretyakov, a former presidential aid, and David Zhvaniya, a former emergencies minister.[5] Berezovsky is suing the men for nearly $23 million US, accusing them of misusing the money he had allocated in 2004 to fund the Orange Revolution. Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Yulia Volodymyrivna Tymoshenko[1] (Ukrainian: ) (born 27 November 1960) is a Ukrainian politician and former Prime Minister of Ukraine (from 24 January to 8 September 2005). ... Viktor Andriyovych Yushchenko (Ukrainian:  ) (born February 23, 1954) is the current President of Ukraine. ... Leonid Kravchuk in Kiev, August 1992 Leonid Makarovych Kravchuk (Ukrainian: Леонід Макарович Кравчук born 10 January 1934) is a Ukrainian politician. ... Orange-clad supporters of Viktor Yushchenko gather in Independence Square in Kiev. ...


Anti-Putin activities

In January 2006, Berezovsky stated in an interview to a Moscow based radio station that he was working on overthrowing the administration of Vladimir Putin by force [6]. In November 2006, Berezovsky accused Putin of ordering the poisoning of FSB defector and fellow dissident Alexander Litvinenko, who also lived in exile in the UK. The two were close associates. [7] Berezovsky said he had no doubts that Russian authorities were behind the poisoning.[8] On November 1, 2006, former lieutenant colonel of the Russian Federations Federal Security Service Alexander Litvinenko suddenly fell ill and was hospitalised. ... The FSB (ФСБ) is a state security organisation in Russia. ... A defector is a person who gives up allegiance to one political entity in exchange for allegiance to another. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Alexander Valterovich Litvinenko (Russian: ) (30 August 1962[1][2] – 23 November 2006) was a lieutenant-colonel in the Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation and later a Russian dissident and writer. ...


On April 13, 2007, in an interview with the British newspaper The Guardian, Berezovsky declared that he is plotting a new Russian revolution to overthrow the regime of Vladimir Putin by financing important people in Putin's administration. is the 103rd day of the year (104th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... The Guardian is a British newspaper owned by the Guardian Media Group. ...

"We need to use force to change this regime," he said. "It isn't possible to change this regime through democratic means. There can be no change without force, pressure." Asked if he was effectively fomenting a revolution, he said: "You are absolutely correct."[6]

During the interview, however, he did not mention violence and cited the recent nonviolent revolutions in Ukraine and Georgia as examples for Russia. He also admitted that during the last six years he struggled much to "destroy the positive image of Putin" and tried to portray him whenever possible as a dangerously anti-democratic figure. On April 13th Berezovsky told the Associated Press by telephone in Britain, "Putin has created an authoritarian regime against the Russian constitution. (...) I don't know how it will happen, but authoritarian regimes only collapse by force."[7] is the 103rd day of the year (104th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


The Russian Prosecutor General's Office has launched a criminal investigation against Berezovsky to find whether his comments can be considered a "seizure of power by force", as outlined in the Russian Criminal Code. If convicted, an offender is facing up to 20 years of imprisonment. The Russian Criminal Code is the prime source of Law of the Russian Federation concerning criminal offences. ...


The British Foreign Office has denounced Berezovsky's statements, warning him that his status of a political refugee may be reconsidered, should he continue to make similar remarks. Furthermore, Scotland Yard has announced that it will investigate whether Berezovsky's statements are in violation of the law.[8] The Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO) is the United Kingdom abroad. ... New Scotland Yard, London New Scotland Yard, it blowwsssss often referred to simply as Scotland Yard or The Yard, is the headquarters of the Metropolitan Police Service, responsible for policing Greater London (although not the City of London itself). ...


Assassination attempt in London

In June 2007 Berezovsky fled Britain on the advice of Scotland Yard, amid reports that he was the target of an assassination attempt by a suspected Russian hitman. July 18, 2007 reports claimed that a would-be assassin was captured by the police at the Hilton Hotel in Park Lane.[9] These reports were later confirmed by the officials. The suspect, arrested by the anti-terrorist police after being tracked for a week by MI5, was deported to Russia.[10] Berezovsky accused Vladimir Putin of being behind a plot to assassinate him.[11] The Kremlin has denied similar claims in the past.[12] New Scotland Yard, London New Scotland Yard, it blowwsssss often referred to simply as Scotland Yard or The Yard, is the headquarters of the Metropolitan Police Service, responsible for policing Greater London (although not the City of London itself). ... A hitman (alternately, hit man), also referred to as a contract killer, is a hired assassin, usually in the employ of organized crime. ... is the 199th day of the year (200th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... The Hilton Hotel chain is owned by Hilton Hotels Corporation and is based in Beverly Hills, California. ... Park Lane is a major road in Central London, England. ... MI5 Logo. ...


In November 2006, Alexander Litvinenko, an associate of Berezovsky's who was a former Russian agent of the security forces and a British citizen, died after he was fatally poisoned with the radioactive isotope polonium-210. Before his death Litvinenko accused Putin of ordering his murder, and British police believes he was killed by Andrei Lugovoy, a millionaire and former Russian intelligence officer.[13][14] According to Alex Goldfarb, another Russian SVR agent in London was making preparations to assassinate Berezovsky with a binary weapon in September 2003. This alleged plot was discovered by then alive Alexander Litvinenko and reported to British police. [4] However, in a statement to the House of Commons, Hazel Blears, then a Home Office Minister, said that inquiries made [into these claims] were "unable to either substantiate this information or find evidence of any criminal offences having been committed".[15] Alexander Valterovich Litvinenko (Russian: ) (30 August 1962[1][2] – 23 November 2006) was a lieutenant-colonel in the Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation and later a Russian dissident and writer. ... A radionuclide is an atom with an unstable nucleus. ... Polonium-210 is the most readily available isotope of Polonium. ... Andrei Lugovoi (Lugovoy) (Russian: ) (Born 1966 in Azerbaijan SSR ) is a former KGB operative [1] and millionaire who met with Alexander Litvinenko on the day Litvinenko fell ill (1 November 2006). ... For other uses, see Millionaire (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see FSB. Minor emblem of FSB The FSB (Federal Security Service) (Russian: ФСБ, Федера́льная слу́жба безопа́сности; Federalnaya Sluzhba Bezopasnosti) is a domestic state security agency of the Russian Federation and the main successor of the Soviet Cheka, NKVD, and KGB. Its headquarters are in Lubyanka Square, Moscow. ... For other uses, see Alex Goldfarb. ... Sluzhba Vneshney Razvedki (Служба внешней разведки) (SVR) is Russian for Foreign Intelligence Service and is the name of Russias primary external intelligence agency. ... Binary chemical weapons or munitions are chemical weapons wherein the toxic agent is not contained within the weapon in its active state, but in the form of two chemical precursors, physically separated within the weapon. ... Type Lower House Speaker of the House of Commons Leader of the House of Commons Michael Martin, (Non-affiliated) since October 23, 2000 Harriet Harman, QC, (Labour) since June 28, 2007 Shadow Leader of the House of Commons Theresa May, PC, (Conservative) since December 6, 2005 Members 646 Political groups... Hazel Anne Blears MP (born May 14, 1956) is a British politician and is the Labour Member of Parliament for Salford. ... The modern concept of Small Office and Home Office or SoHo , or Small or Home Office deals with the category of business which can be from 1 to 10 workers. ...


In addition, British police placed a squad of uniformed officers around the Chechen dissident Akhmed Zakayev's house in north London. They also phoned the widow after Litvinenko, Marina, to urge her to take greater security precautions. Berezovsky said he was told the assassin would be someone he knew, who would shoot him in the head and then surrender to the police.[16] Vanessa Redgrave and Akhmed Zakayev Akhmed Zakayev (Ахмед Закаев; born April 26, 1956) is the Foreign Minister of Chechen republic government-in-exile, appointed by the President Aslan Maskhadov shortly after his 1997 election, and again in 2006 by Abdul Halim Sadulayev. ...


Allegations of corruption and subversive activity

Litigation with Forbes

A 1996 Forbes magazine article titled Godfather of the Kremlin?, by Paul Klebnikov, portrayed Berezovsky as a mafia boss who had his rivals murdered [citation needed]. Berezovsky sued the magazine for libel, and the dispute was ultimately settled with the magazine retracting both claims. Klebnikov expanded the article into a book, Godfather of the Kremlin, that Berezovsky did not contest in court. Klebnikov subsequently became the editor of the Russian edition of Forbes, but he was murdered in Moscow on July 9, 2004. This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This article is about Russian citadels. ... Paul Klebnikov Paul Klebnikov (June 3, 1963 – July 9, 2004) was an American journalist of Russian descent. ... In English and American law, and systems based on them, libel and slander are two forms of defamation (or defamation of character), which is the tort or delict of making a false statement of fact that injures someones reputation. ... is the 190th day of the year (191st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Russian arrest warrant

After his self-exile, prosecutors in Russia had accused Berezovsky of a host of crimes, including fraud and preparing a violent overthrow of Putin's government. Berezovsky denies all the allegations.[2] On September 5, 2007, a trial in absentia began in Moscow. Berezovsky is accused of embezzling money from the Russian airline carrier Aeroflot in the 1990s.[9] is the 248th day of the year (249th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... For in absentia medical care, see Health care delivery. ... Embezzlement is the fraudulent conversion of property from a property owner. ... JSC Aeroflot - Russian Airlines (Russian: ) (MICEX:AFLT RTS:AFLT), or Aeroflot (Russian: ) as the airline is commonly known, is the Russian flag carrier and the largest airline in Russia. ...


Brazil arrest warrant

On July 12, 2007, a Brazilian judge issued an arrest warrant for Berezovsky and a number of other British and Brazilian suspects in connection with an investigation against the Media Sports Investments group, which is suspected of money laundering.[10] Berezovsky is accused of being the main financial backer of MSI. Since Berezovsky, Iranian-born Kia Joorabchian and Noyan Bedru were not in Brazil at the time, warrants for their arrest were forwarded to Interpol. Berezovsky dismissed the Brazilian investigation as a part of the Kremlin's "politicized campaign" against him.[11] is the 193rd day of the year (194th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Money laundering is the practice of engaging in financial transactions in order to conceal the identity, source and destination of the money in question. ... Kiavash Kia Joorabchian (Persian: , born 14 July 1971, in Tehran, Iran) is a British-Iranian businessman. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Moscow Kremlin (Russian: Московский Кремль) is a historic fortified complex at the very heart of Moscow, overlooking the Moskva River (to the south), Saint Basils Cathedral (often mistaken by westerners as the Kremlin) and Red Square (to the east) and the Alexander Garden (to the west). ...


Netherlands money laundering investigation

In August 2007, a criminal case was initiated against Berezovsky in The Netherlands on the charge of money laundering.[12] Russian Deputy Prosecutor General claimed that the Dutch tax police had visited Moscow in connection with the case. Berezovsky responded by saying that he had no business in Holland. Motto: Je Maintiendrai (Dutch: Ik zal handhaven, English: I Shall Uphold) Anthem: Wilhelmus van Nassouwe Capital Amsterdam1 Largest city Amsterdam Official language(s) Dutch2 Government Parliamentary democracy Constitutional monarchy  - Queen Beatrix  - Prime minister Jan Peter Balkenende Independence Eighty Years War   - Declared July 26, 1581   - Recognised January 30, 1648 (by Spain...


See also

The International Foundation for Civil Liberties is a non-profit organization and political pressure group established by the Russian oligarch Boris Berezovsky in 2000. ... Paul Klebnikov Paul Klebnikov (June 3, 1963 – July 9, 2004) was an American journalist of Russian descent. ... Vlad(islav) Nikolayevich Listyev (Russian: ) (May 10, 1956–March 1, 1995) was a Russian journalist and head of the ORT TV Channel (now government-controlled Channel One). ... This is the list of Russian billionaires as of January 2007 based on Magazine Finance [1]. Category: ...

References

  1. ^ Communist Party Leader Attacks Jews. Washington Post, December 25, 1998
  2. ^ a b Jordan, Mary, Peter Finn. "Russian Billionaire's Bitter Feud With Putin A Plot Line in Poisoning", The Washington Post, December 9, 2006. Retrieved on 2006-12-09. (English) 
  3. ^ Tremlett, Giles. "Leader's secret holidays to Spain", The Times, June 15, 2000. Retrieved on 2007-04-29. (English) 
  4. ^ a b c d e Alex Goldfarb and Marina Litvinenko. Death of a dissident: The Poisoning of Alexander Litvinenko and the Return of the KGB, The Free Press (2007) ISBN 1-416-55165-4
  5. ^ Two Our Ukraine lawmakers summoned to court upon Berezovskiy`s lawsuit, UNIAN, September 3, 2007.
  6. ^ 'I am plotting a new Russian revolution', The Guardian, April 13, 2007
  7. ^ Kremlin foe calls for Putin's Ouster, Yahoo! News, April 13, 2007.
  8. ^ Scotland Yard to Examine Berezovsky’s Interview. Kommersant, April 14, 2007.
  9. ^ "Berezovsky embezzlement trial starts in Moscow", Forbes, September 5, 2007.
  10. ^ "Arrest order issued for Tevez's agent accused of money laundering", Guardian Unlimited, July 13, 2007.
  11. ^ "Berezovsky links Brazilian arrest order to Kremlin'", Reuters, July 13, 2007.
  12. ^ "Berezovsky under Trail in Holland", Kommersant, August 29, 2007.

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External links

  • http://www.forbes.com/free_forbes/1996/1230/5815090a_7.html
  • http://www.forbes.com/2004/07/09/cz_sf_0709klebnikov.html
  • Boris Berezovski, the smuggler, Voltaire Network, April 26, 2004.
  • http://www.businessweek.com/2000/00_30/b3691184.htm Boris Berezovsky: Tycoon under Siege (int'l edition) July 24, 2000.
  • London exile Berezovsky says force necessary to bring down President Putin
  • Police probe exile's claims about Russian 'revolution'
  • Britain counts cost of diplomatic furore over Berezovsky
  • Berezovsky, Boris (2005). Putin Is Terrorist Number One. New Perspectives Quarterly 22.1, 59-61. (doi:10.1111/j.1540-5842.2005.00730.x)
  • Berezovsky, Boris (2004). Putin Restores Soviet-Style Power. New Perspectives Quarterly 21.1, 36–37. (doi:10.1111/j..2004.00643.x)
Preceded by
Ivan Korotchenya
Executive Secretary of CIS
April, 1998 – April 1999
Succeeded by
Yury Yarov

  Results from FactBites:
 
FRONTLINE/WORLD . Moscow - Rich in Russia . How to Make a Billion Dollars - Boris Berezovsky | PBS (607 words)
Berezovsky, by his own admission, wasn't a brilliant scientist, but he was an ambitious and skilled networker, constantly giving speeches and organizing seminars and trips abroad.
In March, Berezovsky was arrested on a warrant alleging that he defrauded the Russian region of Samara of nearly $2 billion in 1994 and 1995.
Berezovsky viewed himself as a king-maker, and he was a major force in ousting some senior officials and electing others.
Oligarch - Boris Berezovsky (913 words)
Berezovsky may not have attended the economic emergency meeting called by Prime Minister Kiriyenko of the Big Ten oligarchs, but this was the first such gathering of the group Boris Berezovsky had missed.
Berezovsky took exception to this and has been attempting to sue Forbes for slander.
Berezovsky's associates are either in prison-like Nikolai Glushkov, once Deputy General Manager of Aeroflot _ or on the wanted list, like Badri Patarkatsishvili, Berezovsky's right hand man. The embittered population, fleeced during the reform decade, is receptive to the propaganda line of rallying around Putin against the miscreant who has sold out their country.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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