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Encyclopedia > Boredom

Contents

Look up boring in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Look up bored in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

Etymology

The first record of the word boredom is in the novel, Bleak House, by Charles Dickens, written in 1852,[1] although the expression to be a bore had been used in the sense of "to be tiresome or dull" since 1768.[2] Bleak House is the ninth novel by Charles Dickens, published in 20 monthly parts between March 1852 and September 1853. ... “Dickens” redirects here. ... 1852 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1768 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ...


Psychology

Boredom has been defined by Fisher in terms of its central psychological processes: “an unpleasant, transient affective state in which the individual feels a pervasive lack of interest in and difficulty concentrating on the current activity.”[3] M. R. Leary and others define boredom similarly, and somewhat more succinctly, as “an affective experience associated with cognitive attentional processes.”[4] These definitions make it clear that boredom arises not for a lack of things to do but the inability to latch onto any specific activity. Nothing engages us, despite an often profound desire for engagement. The fisher (Martes pennanti) is a North American marten. ... Psychology (ancient Greek: psyche = soul and logos = word) is the study of mind, thought, and behaviour. ... Transient means passing with time. ... Affective means having to do with emotion. ... For other uses, see State (disambiguation). ... As commonly used, individual refers to a person or to any specific object in a collection. ... Feels is the seventh album by New York based band Animal Collective, released on 2005-10-18 by Fat Cat. ... Pervasive Software is a maker of data infrastructure software. ... Lack Township is a township located in Juniata County, Pennsylvania. ... For other senses of this word, see interest (disambiguation). ...


There appear to be three general types of boredom, all of which involve problems of engagement of attention. These include times when we are prevented from engaging in something, when we are forced to engage in some unwanted activity or when we are simply unable, for no apparent reason, to maintain engagement in any activity or spectacle.[5] This article is about psychological concept of attention. ...


An important psychological construct is that of boredom proneness; a tendency to experience boredom of all types. This is typically assessed by the Boredom Proneness Scale.[6] Consistent with the definition provided above, recent research has found that boredom proneness is clearly and consistently associated with failures of attention.[7] Boredom and boredom proneness are both theoretically and empirically linked to depression and depressive symptoms.[8][9][10] Nonetheless, boredom proneness has been found to be as strongly correlated with attentional lapses as with depression.[11] This article is about psychological concept of attention. ... In everyday language depression refers to any downturn in mood, which may be relatively transitory and perhaps due to something trivial. ...


Although boredom is often viewed as a trivial and mild irritant, boredom, and especially boredom proneness has been linked to an amazingly diverse range of psychological, physical, educational, and social problems. Psychology (ancient Greek: psyche = soul and logos = word) is the study of mind, thought, and behaviour. ...


Philosophy

Boredom is a condition characterized by perception of one's environment as dull, tedious, and lacking in stimulation. This can result from leisure and a lack of aesthetic interests. Labor, however, and even art may be alienated and passive, or immersed in tedium (see Marxism). There is an inherent anxiety in boredom; people will expend considerable effort to prevent or remedy it, yet in many circumstances, it is accepted as suffering to be endured. Common passive ways to escape boredom are to sleep or to think creative thoughts (daydream). Typical active solutions consist in an intentional activity of some sort, often something new, as familiarity and repetition lead to the tedious. In psychology and the cognitive sciences, perception is the process of acquiring, interpreting, selecting, and organizing sensory information. ... Stimulation is the irritating action of various agents (stimuli) on muscles, nerves, or a sensory end organ, by which activity is evoked; especially, the nervous impulse produced by various agents on nerves, or a sensory end organ, by which the part connected with the nerve is thrown into a state... This article is about the philosophical concept of Art. ... Marxism is both the theory and the political practice (that is, the praxis) derived from the work of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. ... Anxiety is a physiological state characterized by cognitive, somatic, emotional, and behavioral components (Seligman, Walker & Rosenhan, 2001). ... A daydream is a fantasy that a person has while awake, often about spontaneous and fanciful thoughts not connected to the persons immediate situation. ... Look up Repetition in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Boredom also plays a role in existentialist thought. In contexts where one is confined spatially or not, boredom may be met with various religious activities, not because religion would want to associate itself with tedium, but rather, partly because boredom may be taken as the essential human condition, to which God, wisdom, or morality are the ultimate answers. Boredom is in fact taken in this sense by virtually all existentialist philosophers as well as by Schopenhauer. Heidegger wrote about boredom in two texts available in English, in the 1929/30 semester lecture course The Fundamental Concepts of Metaphysics, and again in the essay What is Metaphysics? published in the same year. In the lecture, Heidegger included about 100 pages on boredom, probably the most extensive philosophical treatment ever of the subject. He focused on waiting at train stations in particular as a major context of boredom.[12] In Kierkegaard's remark in Either/Or, that "patience cannot be depicted" visually, there is a sense that any immediate moment of life may be fundamentally tedious. Existentialism is a philosophical movement emphasizing individualism, individual freedom, and subjectivity. ... Existentialism is a philosophical movement emphasizing individualism, individual freedom, and subjectivity. ... Arthur Schopenhauer Arthur Schopenhauer (February 22, 1788 – September 21, 1860) was a German philosopher born in Gdańsk (Danzig), Poland. ... Martin Heidegger Martin Heidegger (September 26, 1889 – May 26, 1976) was a German philosopher. ... Martin Heidegger Martin Heidegger (September 26, 1889 – May 26, 1976) was a German philosopher. ... For other uses, see Train (disambiguation). ... Søren Kierkegaard Søren Aabye Kierkegaard (May 5, 1813 - November 11, 1855), a 19th century Danish philosopher, has achieved general recognition as the first existentialist philosopher, though some new research shows this may be a more difficult connection than previously thought. ...


Without stimulus or focus, the individual is confronted with nothingness, the meaninglessness of existence, and experiences existential anxiety. Heidegger states this idea nicely: "Profound boredom, drifting here and there in the abysses of our existence like a muffling fog, removes all things and men and oneself along with it into a remarkable indifference. This boredom reveals being as a whole."[13] This article is about nothing in the abstract sense. ... Martin Heidegger Martin Heidegger (September 26, 1889 – May 26, 1976) was a German philosopher. ...


Arthur Schopenhauer used the existence of boredom in an attempt to prove the vanity of human existence, stating, "...for if life, in the desire for which our essence and existence consists, possessed in itself a positive value and real content, there would be no such thing as boredom: mere existence would fulfil and satisfy us."[14] Arthur Schopenhauer (February 22, 1788 – September 21, 1860) was a German philosopher who believed that the will to live is the fundamental reality and that this will, being a constant striving, is insatiable and ultimately yields only suffering. ... For other meanings of vanity, see vanity (disambiguation). ...


Erich Fromm and other similar thinkers of critical theory speak of bourgeois society in terms similar to boredom, and Fromm mentions sex and the automobile as fundamental outlets of postmodern boredom. Erich Fromm Erich Pinchas Fromm (March 23, 1900 – March 18, 1980) was an internationally renowned Jewish-German-American social psychologist, psychoanalyst, and humanistic philosopher. ... In the humanities and social sciences, critical theory has two quite different meanings with different origins and histories, one originating in social theory and the other in literary criticism. ...


Above and beyond taste and character, the universal case of boredom consists in any instance of waiting, as Heidegger noted, such as in line, for someone else to arrive or finish a task, or while one is travelling. Martin Heidegger Martin Heidegger (September 26, 1889 – May 26, 1976) was a German philosopher. ...


Boredom, however, may also increase as travel becomes more convenient, as the vehicle may become more like the windowless monad in Leibniz's monadology. The automobile requires fast reflexes, making its operator busy and hence, perhaps for other reasons as well, making the ride more tedious despite being over sooner. Look up monad in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Gottfried Leibniz Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz (July 1, 1646 in Leipzig - November 14, 1716 in Hannover) was a German philosopher, scientist, mathematician, diplomat, librarian, and lawyer of Sorb descent. ... The Monadology (Monadologie, 1714) is one of Gottfried Leibniz’s works that best define his philosophy, monadism. ...


Causes & Effects

Although it has not been widely studied, research on boredom suggests that boredom is a major factor impacting diverse areas of a person's life. People ranked low on a boredom-proneness scale were found to have better performance in a wide variety of aspects of their lives, including career, education, and autonomy.[15]


Boredom can be a symptom of clinical depression. Boredom can be a form of learned helplessness, a phenomenon closely related to depression. Some philosophies of parenting propose that if children are raised in an environment devoid of stimuli, and are not allowed or encouraged to interact with their environment, they will fail to develop the mental capacities to do so. On the Threshold of Eternity. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... For other uses, see Parent (disambiguation). ... A stimulus is the following: In physiology, a stimulus (physiology) is something external that elicits or influences a physiological or psychological activity or response. ...

The Unsmiling Tsarevna (Nesmeyana), by Viktor Vasnetsov
The Unsmiling Tsarevna (Nesmeyana), by Viktor Vasnetsov

In a learning environment, a common cause of boredom is lack of understanding; for instance, if one is not following or connecting to the material in a class or lecture, it will usually seem boring. However, the opposite can also be true; something that is too easily understood, simple or transparent, can also be boring. Boredom is often inversely related to learning, and in school it may be a sign that a student is not challenged enough (or too challenged). An activity that is predictable to the students is likely to bore them. [16] Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1940x2720, 1845 KB) Viktor Vasnetsov. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1940x2720, 1845 KB) Viktor Vasnetsov. ... Self-portrait 1873 Viktor Mikhailovich Vasnetsov (Виктор Михайлович Васнецов) (May 15 (N.S.), 1848—1926) was a Russian artist who specialized in mythological and historical subjects. ... Learning is the acquisition and development of memories and behaviors, including skills, knowledge, understanding, values, and wisdom. ...


Boredom has been studied as being related to drug abuse among teens. [17] Comparison of the perceived harm for various psychoactive drugs from a poll among medical psychiatrists specialized in addiction treatment[1] This article is an overview of the nontherapeutic use of alcohol and drugs of abuse. ...


Boredom has been proposed as a cause of pathological gambling behavior. A study found results consistent with the hypothesis that pathological gamblers seek stimulation to avoid states of boredom and depression.[18] Pathological gambling, as defined by American Psychiatric Association is an impulse control disorder associated with gambling. ...


Popular Culture and The Arts

In Chapter 18 of the novel "The Picture of Dorian Gray" by Oscar Wilde (1854-1900) it is written; "The only horrible thing in the world is ennui, Dorian. That is the one sin for which there is no forgiveness". The Picture of Dorian Gray is the only published novel written by Oscar Wilde, and first came out as the lead story in Lippincotts Monthly Magazine on 20 June 1890. ... Oscar Fingal OFlahertie Wills Wilde (October 16, 1854 – November 30, 1900) was an Irish playwright, novelist, poet, and author of short stories. ...


Iggy Pop, The Deftones, Buzzcocks, and Blink-182 have all written songs with boredom mentioned in the title. Other songs about boredom and activities people turn to when bored include Green Day's Song "Longview" and Bloodhound Gang's Mope. James Newell Osterberg, Jr. ... Deftones Deftones are a multi-platinum selling, Grammy award winning rock band from Sacramento, California. ... For the panel game, see Never Mind the Buzzcocks. ... The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. ... This article is about the band Green Day. ... The Bloodhound Gang redirects here. ... Mope is a song by The Bloodhound Gang off their 1999 album Hooray for Boobies. ...


Douglas Adams depicted a robot named Marvin the Paranoid Android whose boredom led to his cynical attitude which in turn led to a deep comical depression which appeared to be the defining trait of his personality, and indeed, existence, in his series of novels that began with The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy. Douglas Noël Adams (11 March 1952 – 11 May 2001) was an English author, comic radio dramatist, and musician. ... Information Species Android Gender Male Age Thirty-seven times older than the Universe itself Occupation Servant Created by Douglas Adams In the BBC TV series, the marketing division of the Sirius Cybernetics Corporation defines a robot [like Marvin] as Your plastic pal whos fun to be with. Marvins... The cover of the first novel in the Hitchhikers series, from a late 1990s printing. ...

This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Dysthymia (or dysthymic disorder) is a form of the mood disorder of depression characterized by a lack of enjoyment/pleasure in life that continues for at least two years. ... Look up Motivation in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

References

  1. ^ Oxford Old English Dictionary
  2. ^ Online Etymology Dictionary
  3. ^ Fisher, C. D. (1993). Boredom at work: A neglected concept. Human Relations, 46, 395–417, p. 396.
  4. ^ Leary, M. R., Rogers, P. A., Canfield, R. W., & Coe, C. (1986). Boredom in interpersonal encounters: Antecedents and social implications. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 51, 968–975, p. 968.
  5. ^ Cheyne, J. A., Carriere, J. S. A., & Smilek, D. (2006). Absent-mindedness: Lapses in conscious awareness and everyday cognitive failures. Consciousness and Cognition, 15, 578-592.
  6. ^ Farmer, R. & Sundberg, N. D. (1986). Boredom proneness: The development and correlates of a new scale. Journal of Personality Assessment, 50, 4–17.
  7. ^ Fisher, C. D. (1993). Boredom at work: A neglected concept. ‘’Human Relations, 46’’, 395–417
  8. ^ Carriere, J. S. A., Cheyne, J. A., & Smilek, D. (in press). Everyday Attention Lapses and Memory Failures: The Affective Consequences of Mindlessness. Consciousness and Cognition.
  9. ^ Sawin, D. A. & Scerbo, M. W. (1995). Effects of instruction type and boredom proneness in vigilance: Implications for boredom and workload. Human Factors, 37, 752–765.
  10. ^ Vodanovich, S. J., Verner, K. M., & Gilbride, T. V. (1991). Boredom proneness: Its relationship to positive and negative affect. Psychological Reports, 69, 1139–1146.
  11. ^ Carriere, J. S. A., Cheyne, J. A., & Smilek, D. (in press). Everyday Attention Lapses and Memory Failures: The Affective Consequences of Mindlessness. Consciousness and Cognition.
  12. ^ Martin Heidegger. The Fundamental Concepts of Metaphysics, pp. 78-164.
  13. ^ Martin Heidegger, What is Metaphysics? (1929)
  14. ^ Arthur Schopenhauer, Essays and Aphorisms, Penguin Classics, ISBN0140442278 (2004), p53 Full text available online: [1]
  15. ^ [2] John D. Watt, Stephen J. Vodanovich Boredom Proneness and Psychosocial Development Journal of Psychology, Vol. 133, (1999)
  16. ^ [3] - R.V. Small et. al. Dimensions of Interest and Boredom in Instructional Situations, Proceedings of Selected Research and Development Presentations at the 1996 National Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (18th, Indianapolis, IN), (1996)
  17. ^ Abstract Iso-Ahola, Seppo E.; Crowley, Edward D. Adolescent Substance Abuse and Leisure Boredom, Journal of Leisure Research, v23 n3 p260-71 (1991)
  18. ^ [4] Blaszczynski A, McConaghy N, Frankova A. Boredom proneness in pathological gambling Psychol Rep. 1990 Aug; 67(1):35-42.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Boredom - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1124 words)
Boredom is an unpleasant state of mind in which one interprets one's environment as dull, tedious, and lacking stimuli.
Boredom is often inversely related to learning, and in school it may be a sign that a student is not challenged enough.
Boredom can be a symptom of clinical depression; some boredom is a form of learned helplessness, a phenomenon closely related to depression.
Boredom - Wikiquote (389 words)
Boredom is a reactive state of emotion that interprets the condition of one's environment as wearingly dull due to repetitive, non-existent or tedious stimuli.
Boredom is a vital problem for the moralist, since at least half the sins of mankind are caused by the fear of it.
Boredom is the root of all evil - the despairing refusal to be oneself.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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