FACTOID # 2: Puerto Rico has roughly the same gross state product as Montana, Wyoming and North Dakota combined.
 
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Encyclopedia > Border
Self-illuminating Border flower pot between Burghausen,Salzach in Germany and Ach in Austria.
Self-illuminating Border flower pot between Burghausen,Salzach in Germany and Ach in Austria.
Border stone at Passo San Giacomo between Val Formazza in Italy and Val Bedretto in Switzerland
Border stone at Passo San Giacomo between Val Formazza in Italy and Val Bedretto in Switzerland

Borders define geographic boundaries of political entities or legal jurisdictions, such as governments, states or subnational administrative divisions. They may foster the setting up of buffer zones. Border can refer to: A border can consist of a margin around the edge of something, such as a lawn, garden, photograph, or sheet of paper. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Burghausen, Altötting Burghausen, Bad Kissingen Burghausen, Freising Category: ... The Salzach is a river in Austria. ... ACH is a three letter abbreviation that can refer to: Acetylcholine (ACh), a neurotransmitter Achondroplasia, a type of genetic disorder that is a common cause of dwarfism Achnashellach railway station (United Kingdom), as the National Rail code for the station Acholi language (ach), as the ISO 639 code for the... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 891 KB) Created by me 25-09 09:35, File links The following pages link to this file: Border Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create or digitize it. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 891 KB) Created by me 25-09 09:35, File links The following pages link to this file: Border Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create or digitize it. ... Map of the Earth Geography (from the Greek words Geo (γη) or Gaea (γαια), both meaning Earth, and graphein (γραφειν) meaning to describe or to writeor to map) is the study of the earth and its features, inhabitants, and phenomena. ... Political geography is the field of human geography that is concerned with the study of both the spatially uneven outcomes of political processes and the ways in which political processes are themselves affected by spatial structures. ... For other uses, see State (disambiguation). ... Subnational entity is a generic term for an administrative region within a country — on an arbitrary level below that of the sovereign state — typically with a local government encompassing multiple municipalities, counties, or provinces with a certain degree of autonomy in a varying number of matters. ... Buffer Zone is one of the neighborhoods of North Nazimabad Town in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan. ...


In the past many borders were not clearly defined lines, but were neutral zones called marchlands. This has been reflected in recent times with the neutral zones that were set up along part of Saudi Arabia's borders with Kuwait and Iraq (however, these zones no longer exist). In modern times the concept of a marchland has been replaced by that of the clearly defined and demarcated border. Mark or march (or various plural forms of these words) are derived from the Frankish word marka (boundary) and refer to a border region, e. ...


For the purposes of border control, airports and seaports also class as borders. Most countries have some form of border control to restrict or limit the movement of people, animals and goods into or out of the country. In order to cross borders people need passports and visas or other appropriate forms of identity document. To stay or work within a country's borders aliens (foreign persons) may need special immigration documents or permits that authorise them to do so. Border control Border crossing between Germany and The Netherlands Border controls are measures used by a country to monitor or regulate its borders. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Port. ... For other types of travel document, see Travel document. ... Entry visa valid in Schengen treaty countries. ... // German identity card with a KINEGRAM®. A piece of identification (ID) is a document designed to verify aspects of a persons identity. ... In U.S. law, an alien is a person who owes political allegiance to another country or government and not a native or naturalized citizen of the land where they are found. ... Two ships of the United States Navy have borne the name USS Permit, named in honor of the permit, a food fish, often called round pompano, found in waters from North Carolina to Brazil. ...


Moving goods across a border often requires the payment of excise tax, often collected by customs officials. Animals (and occasionally humans) moving across borders may need to go into quarantine to prevent the spread of exotic or infectious diseases. Most countries prohibit carrying illegal drugs or endangered animals across their borders. Moving goods, animals or people illegally across a border, without declaring them, seeking permission, or deliberately evading official inspection counts as smuggling. An excise is an indirect tax or duty levied on items within a country. ... A customs duty is a tariff or tax on the import or export of goods. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

Contents

Border economics

San Diego (United States) together with Tijuana (Mexico) create the bi-national San Diego-Tijuana metropolitan area
Several markers designating the border between Nicholas and Greenbrier counties in West Virginia, USA along a secondary road. Notice the older stone survey markers a few meters behind the modern highway sign.

The presence of borders often fosters certain economic features or anomalies. Wherever two jurisdictions come into contact, special economic opportunities arise for border trade. Smuggling provides a classic case; contrariwise, a border region may flourish on the provision of excise or of importexport services — legal or quasi-legal, corrupt or corruption-free. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 504 pixelsFull resolution (1150 × 724 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 504 pixelsFull resolution (1150 × 724 pixel, file size: 1. ... “San Diego” redirects here. ... Tijuana (Spanish [tixwana], English usually [ËŒtiːəˈwÉ‘nÉ™]), is the largest city in the Mexican state of Baja California and the seat of the municipality of Tijuana. ... “Greater San Diego” redirects here. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1864x1536, 721 KB) Self-made photo of the markers of the border between Nicholas County, West Virginia, and Greenbrier County, West Virginia located along Greenbrier Road (Nicholas county Route 39-11/Greenbrier County Route 39-1) near Richwood, West Virginia taken... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1864x1536, 721 KB) Self-made photo of the markers of the border between Nicholas County, West Virginia, and Greenbrier County, West Virginia located along Greenbrier Road (Nicholas county Route 39-11/Greenbrier County Route 39-1) near Richwood, West Virginia taken... Nicholas County is a county located in the state of West Virginia. ... Greenbrier County is a county located in the U.S. state of West Virginia. ... Official language(s) English Capital Charleston Largest city Charleston Area  Ranked 41st  - Total 24,244 sq mi (62,809 km²)  - Width 130 miles (210 km)  - Length 240 miles (385 km)  - % water 0. ... Border trade, in general, refers to the flow of goods and services across the international land borders between countries. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Look up Excise in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Different regulations on either side of a border may encourage services to position themselves at or near that border: thus the provision of pornography, of prostitution, of alcohol and/or of narcotics may cluster around borders, city limits, county lines, ports and airports. This article is about a term used in economics. ... Porn redirects here. ... Whore redirects here. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The term narcotic, derived from the Greek word for stupor, originally referred to a variety of substances that induced sleep (such state is narcosis). ... For other uses, see Port (disambiguation). ...


In a more planned and official context, Special Economic Zones (SEZs) often tend to cluster near borders or ports. See also maquiladora. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A maquiladora or maquila is a factory that imports materials and equipment on a duty-free and tariff-free basis for assembly or manufacturing and then re-exports the assembled product, usually back to the originating country. ...


Human economic traffic across borders (apart from kidnapping), may involve mass commuting between workplaces and residential settlements. Commuters on the New York City Subway during rush hour Rush hour at Shinjuku Station, Yamanote Line Traffic jam Commuting is the process of travelling between a place of residence and a place of work. ...


The removal of internal barriers to commerce, as in France after the French Revolution or in Europe since the 1940s, de-emphasises border-based economic activity and fosters freer trade. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The French Revolution (1789–1815) was a period of political and social upheaval in the political history of France and Europe as a whole, during which the French governmental structure, previously an absolute monarchy with feudal privileges for the aristocracy and Catholic clergy, underwent radical change to forms based on... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... Free trade is an economic concept referring to the selling of products between countries without tariffs or other trade barriers. ...


Border politics

Political borders have a variety of meanings for those whom they affect. Many borders in the world have checkpoints where border control agents inspect those crossing the boundary. In much of Europe, such controls were abolished in what is called the Schengen Agreement. The United States has notably increased measures taken in border control on the Canada–United States border and the United States–Mexico border during its War on Terrorism. Some have called the 3600-km (2000-mile) US-Mexico border, "the world's longest boundary between a First World and Third World country."[1] A border checkpoint is, as its name suggests, a place between borders where the identities of the ongoers or their cargo are evaluated. ... Border control Border crossing between Germany and The Netherlands Border controls are measures used by a country to monitor or regulate its borders. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ...  Implementing countries  Implementing through partnership with a signatory state  Members (not yet implemented)  Expressed interest in joining A monument to the Agreement in Schengen A typical Schengen border crossing without any border control post, just the common EU-state sign welcoming the visitor, as here between Germany and Austria The... The Peace Arch border between Surrey, British Columbia and Blaine, Washington Canada and the United States of America share the longest common border in the world. ... The border between Mexico and the United States spans four U.S. states, six Mexican states, and has over twenty commercial crossings. ... This article is about U.S. actions, and those of other states, after September 11, 2001. ... The terms First World, Second World, and Third World were used to divide the nations of Earth into three broad categories. ... For the Jamaican reggae band, see Third World (band). ...


Historic borders such as The Great Wall of China, the Maginot Line, and Hadrian's Wall have played a great many roles and been marked in different ways. While the stone walls, the Great Wall of China and the Roman Hadrian's Wall in Britain had military functions, the entirety of the Roman borders were very porous, a policy which encouraged Roman economic activity with its neighbors[2]. On the other hand, a border like the Maginot Line was entirely military and was meant to prevent any access in what was to be World War II to France by its neighbor, Germany. The Great Wall in the winter The Great Wall of China (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: , pinyin: Wànlǐ Chángchéng; literally The long wall of 10,000 Li (里)¹) is a Chinese fortification built from the 3rd century BC until the beginning of the 17th century, in order to protect... The Maginot Line (IPA: [maʒinoː], named after French minister of defence André Maginot) was a line of concrete fortifications, tank obstacles, machine gun posts and other defences which France constructed along its borders with Germany and with Italy, in the light of experience from World War I, and... // Hadrians Wall is a stone and turf fortification built by the Roman Empire across the width of modern-day England. ... City wall in Worms, Germany City wall in Worms, Germany City wall in Valence, France 1. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


References

  1. ^ Murphy, Cullen. Roman Empire: gold standard of immigration. Los Angelas Times, June 16, 2007 (accessed here June 20, 2007)
  2. ^ Murphy 2007

See also

Look up border in
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Border

  Results from FactBites:
 
Border - definition of Border in Encyclopedia (335 words)
A hebaceous border is a narrow strip of plants along the edge of a garden path or a lawn or fence.
A thing can be said to be on the border if it lies in a grey area at the edge of a category or condition or borderline between two different situations but not clearly in one or the other.
The Border country is the an area of Lowland Scotland on the border between Scotland and England.
Border Collie - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1863 words)
A Border Collie is a hard-working herding breed of dog that originated in the border country of England and Scotland.
Many Border Collies end up in shelters or rescue groups because families, attracted by their appearance, discover that they cannot provide the attention and effort required for this driven, active, easily bored breed—though this problem can be alleviated by giving the dog lots of mental and physical stimulation.
Border Collies love to play and do not always know when to stop on their own; owners must ensure that they do not overexert themselves, especially in hot weather, which can be dangerous.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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