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Encyclopedia > Bordeaux

Coordinates: 44°50′19″N, 00°34′42″W Bordeaux can mean a number of places: Bordeaux, a port city in France Urban Community of Bordeaux, the administrative unit containing the city Bishopric of Bordeaux, a religious subdivision surrounding the city of Bordeaux Bordeaux, Gauteng, a suburb of Johannesburg in South Africa Bordeaux Harbour, a port on the Channel... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Ville de Bordeaux

UNESCO World Heritage Site Elabana Falls is in Lamington National Park, part of the Central Eastern Rainforest Reserves World Heritage site in Queensland, Australia. ...

Flag of Bordeaux
Coat of arms of Bordeaux
City logo
(traditional tri-crescent)
City coat of arms

Motto: Lilia sola regunt lunam undas castra leonem.
"The fleur-de-lis alone rules over the moon, the waves, the castle, and the lion" Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 545 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (960 × 1056 pixel, file size: 325 KB, MIME type: image/png) Blason de la ville de Bordeaux (Gironde) : De gueules à la Grosse Cloche dargent(château de quatre tours crénelées et couvertes dargent... Fleurs-de-lys on the flag of Quebec The fleur-de-lis (also spelled fleur-de-lys; plural fleurs-de-lis or -lys) is used in heraldry, where it is particularly associated with the France monarchy (see King of France). ...

Bordeaux view from the church of Saint-Michel
Location
Map highlighting the commune of Bordeaux
Time Zone CET (GMT +1)
Coordinates 44°50′19″N, 00°34′42″W
Administration
Country France
Region Aquitaine
Department Gironde (33)
Intercommunality Urban Community of Bordeaux
Mayor Alain Juppé (UMP)
(2008-2014)
City Statistics
Land area¹ 49.36 km²
Population²
(2007 estimate)
230,600
 - Ranking 9th in France
 - Density 4,658/km² (2008 estimate)
Urban Spread
Urban Area 1,057 km² (2007 estimate)
 - Population 1,009,051 (2007 estimate)
Metro Area 3,875.2 km² (2007 estimate)
 - Population 1200000 (5th in France) (2007 estimate)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
2 Population sans doubles comptes: single count of residents of multiple communes (e.g. students and military personnel).
France

Bordeaux  (Gascon: Bordèu) is a port city in southwest France, with one million inhabitants in its metropolitan area at a 2008 estimate. It is the capital of the Aquitaine region, as well as the prefecture of the Gironde department. Its inhabitants are called Bordelais. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixels Full resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 5. ... Image File history File links Paris_plan_pointer_b_jms. ... Image File history File links France_jms. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... This list of countries, arranged alphabetically, gives an overview of countries of the world. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... (Region flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Regional President Departments Dordogne Gironde Landes Lot-et-Garonne Pyrénées-Atlantiques Arrondissements 18 Cantons 235 Communes 2,296 Statistics Land area1 41,308 km² Population (Ranked 6th)  - January 1, 2006 est. ... Departments (French: IPA: ) are administrative units of France and many former French colonies, roughly analogous to English counties. ... Gironde (Occitan: Gironda) is a common name for the Gironde Estuary - sound where merge the mouths of the Garonne river and of the Dordogne river - and for a department in the Aquitaine region situated in southwest France. ... The commune is an administrative division of France. ... Founded January 1, 1968 President Alain Rousset ( PS) (since 2004) Communes 27 Area 551. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Alain Marie Juppé (born 15 August 1945) is Frances Minister of State, Minister of Ecology and Sustainable Development ; among other positions, he was Prime Minister of France from 1995 to 1997. ... The Union for a Popular Movement (Union pour un Mouvement Populaire, UMP), is the main French centre-right political party. ... This is a list of communes in France with a population over 20,000 at the 1999 census. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... In France an unité urbaine (literally: urban unit) is a statistical area defined by INSEE, the French national statistics office, for the measurement of contiguously built-up areas. ... In France an aire urbaine (literally: urban area) is roughly the equivalent of a US Metropolitan Statistical Area. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... For other meanings, see Estuary (disambiguation) Río de la Plata estuary An estuary is a semi-enclosed coastal body of water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it, and with a free connection to the open sea. ... This page lists English translations of several Latin phrases and abbreviations, such as and . ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Fr-Bordeaux. ... Gascon (Gascon, ; French, ) is a dialect of the Occitan language. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Port. ... In France an aire urbaine (literally: urban area) is roughly the equivalent of a US Metropolitan Statistical Area. ... Not to be confused with capitol. ... (Region flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Regional President Departments Dordogne Gironde Landes Lot-et-Garonne Pyrénées-Atlantiques Arrondissements 18 Cantons 235 Communes 2,296 Statistics Land area1 41,308 km² Population (Ranked 6th)  - January 1, 2006 est. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... In France, a préfecture is the administrative town of a département. ... Gironde (Occitan: Gironda) is a common name for the Gironde Estuary - sound where merge the mouths of the Garonne river and of the Dordogne river - and for a department in the Aquitaine region situated in southwest France. ... Departments (French: IPA: ) are administrative units of France and many former French colonies, roughly analogous to English counties. ...


With a population of 1,200,000 inhabitants in the Bordeaux-Arcachon-Libourne metropolitan area, the fifth metropolitan area in France is known to be the world's wine industry capital, and it is considered Europe's main military space and aeronautics research and construction complex. Bordeaux wine draws its name from the famous wine that has been produced since the 8th century. The historic part of the city is on the UNESCO World Heritage List as "an outstanding urban and architectural ensemble" of the 18th century.[1] Arcachon is a resort town on the Atlantic coast of southwest France. ... Libourne, the wine-making capital of northern Gironde, is a French commune in the Aquitaine region. ... Bordeaux with sub-wine regions A Bordeaux wine is any wine produced in the Bordeaux region of France. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State...

Contents

Geography

Bordeaux is located near the European Atlantic coast, in the southwest of France and in the north of the Aquitaine region. The city is built on a bend of the river Garonne, and is thus divided into two parts: the right bank to the East and left bank in the West. Historically, the left bank is the more developed. In Bordeaux, the Garonne River is accessible to ocean liners. Atlantic and North Atlantic redirect here. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Demographics

At the 1999 census, there were 215 363 inhabitants in the city (commune) of Bordeaux, and the 2005 census showed a significant increase, this figure reaching 230 600 inhabitants. In 2007, there were 925 000 inhabitants in the Communauté Urbaine de Bordeaux and 1.2 Million in the Bordeaux Arcachon Libourne urban body. The city contains a diverse range of people. Much of the population is French, but there are sizeable groups of Italians, Spaniards, Portuguese, Germans and North Africans.[citation needed] The metropolis has developed rapidly over the last decades and is facing urban sprawl. The commune is the lowest level of administrative division in the French Republic. ... Founded January 1, 1968 President Alain Rousset ( PS) (since 2004) Communes 27 Area 551. ... Languages Italian, Sicilian, Neapolitan, Corsican, Sardinian, Emiliano-Romagnolo, Ligurian, Lombard, Piedmontese, Venetian, Ladin, Friulian Religions predominantly Roman Catholic      The Italians are a Southern European ethnic group found primarily in Italy and in a wide-ranging diaspora throughout Western Europe, the Americas and Australia. ... The Spanish people or Spaniards are an ethnic group native to Spain, in southwestern Europe, who are primarily descended from the autochthonous pre-Indo-European Euskaldunak, Latin, Visigothic, Celtic and Moorish peoples. ... A stereotypical German The Germans (German: die Deutschen), or the German people, are a nation in the meaning an ethnos (in German: Volk), defined more by a sense of sharing a common German culture and having a German mother tongue, than by citizenship or by being subjects to any particular...


History

Between 30,000 and 200,000 years ago the area of Bordeaux was inhabited by the Homo sapiens neanderthalensis, whose remains have been found at a famous cave known as Pair-non-Pair, near Bourg sur Gironde, just north of Bordeaux. Binomial name Homo neanderthalensis King, 1864 The Neanderthal or Neandertal was a species of genus Homo (Homo neanderthalensis) that inhabited Europe and parts of western Asia from about 230,000 to 29,000 years ago (in the Middle Palaeolithic, early Stone Age). ...


In historical times, around 300 BC it was the settlement of a Celtic tribe, the Bituriges Vivisci, who named the town Burdigala, probably of Aquitainian origin. The name Bourde is still the name of a river south of the city. The city fell under Roman rule around 60 BC, its importance lying in the commerce of Tin and Lead towards Rome. Later it became capital of Roman Aquitaine, flourishing especially during the Severan dynasty (3rd century). In 276 it was sacked by the Vandals. Further ravage was brought by the same Vandals in 409, the Visigoths in 414 and the Franks in 498, beginning a period of obscurity for the city. This is a list of Celtic tribes with their geographical localization. ... Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew from a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula circa the 9th century BC to a massive empire straddling the Mediterranean Sea. ... This article is about the metallic chemical element. ... General Name, Symbol, Number lead, Pb, 82 Chemical series Post-transition metals or poor metals Group, Period, Block 14, 6, p Appearance bluish gray Standard atomic weight 207. ... Vandal and Vandali redirect here. ... A votive crown belonging to Reccesuinth (653–672) The Visigoths (Latin: ) were one of two main branches of the Goths, an East Germanic tribe, the Ostrogoths being the other. ... This article is about the Frankish people and society. ...


In the late sixth century, the city reemerged as the seat of a county and an archdiocese within the Merovingian kingdom of the Franks. The city fell into obscurity as royal power waned in southern Gaul in the late seventh century. The city was plundered by the troops of Abd er Rahman in 732, after he had defeated Duke Eudes and before he was killed during the Battle of Tours on October 10. Under the Carolingians were appointed a series of Counts of Bordeaux who served to defend the mouth of the Garonne from the Vikings. Eventually, the city was inherited by the Dukes of Gascony in the late tenth century. For other uses, see Merovingian (disambiguation). ... The Frankish Empire or Frankish realm, often just Francia or Frankia, was the territory of the Franks from the 5th to the 10th century. ... For indivduals with the same or similar name, see Abd-ar-Rahman Abu Said Abdul Rahman ibn Abdullah ibn Bishr ibn Al Sarem Al Aki Al Ghafiqi (? – 732), variously known as Abdul Rahman Al Ghafiqi, Abd er Rahman, Abdderrahman, Abderame, and Abd el-Rahman, led the Andalusian Muslims into battle... Odo of Aquitaine (a. ... Combatants Carolingian Franks Umayyad Caliphate Commanders Charles Martel ‘Abdul Rahman Al Ghafiqi† Strength Possibly 20,000-30,000 Unknown, but the earliest Muslim sources, still after the era of the battle[1] mention a figure of 80,000. ... is the 283rd day of the year (284th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Carolingians were a dynasty of rulers that eventually controlled the Frankish realm and its successors from the 8th to the 10th century, officially taking over the kingdom from the Merovingian dynasty in 751. ... The Count of Bordeaux or comes Burdagalensis was the ruler of the city of Bordeaux and its environs in the Merovingian and Carolingian periods. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The name Viking is a loan from the native Scandinavian term for the Norse seafaring warriors who raided the coasts of Scandinavia, Europe and the British Isles from the late 8th century to the 11th century, the period of European history referred to as the Viking Age. ... The Duchy of Gascony was a Merovingian creation, a large frontier duchy on the Garonne to defend Aquitaine from the Basques. ...


From the 12th to the 15th century, Bordeaux regained importance as part of the English realm, following the marriage of Duchess Eleanor of Aquitaine with the French-speaking Count Henri Plantagenet, born in Le Mans, who became, within months of their wedding, King Henry II of England. The city flourished, primarily due to wine trade, and the cathedral of St. André was built. It was also the capital of an independent state under Edward, the Black Prince (1362-1372), but in the end, after the Battle of Castillon (1453) it was annexed by France which extended its territory. The Château Trompette (Trumpet Castle) and the Fort du Hâ, built by Charles VII of France, were the symbols of the new domination, which however deprived the city of its richness by halting the wine commerce with England. In 1462 Bordeaux obtained a parliament, but regained importance only in the 16th century when it become a centre of distribution of sugar and slaves from West Indies along with the traditional wine. Motto Dieu et mon droit(French) God and my right Territory of the Kingdom of England Capital Winchester; London from 11th century Language(s) Old English (de facto, until 1066) Anglo-Norman language (de jure, 1066 - 15th century) English (de facto, gradually replaced French from late 13th century) Government Monarchy... Eleanor of Aquitaine (right) and John sans Terre Eleanor of Aquitaine (or Aliénor), Duchess of Aquitaine and Gascony and Countess of Poitou (1122[1]–April 1, 1204) was one of the wealthiest and most powerful women in Europe during the High Middle Ages. ... Le Mans is a city in France, located at the Sarthe River. ... Henry II of England (called Curtmantle; 25 March 1133 – 6 July 1189) ruled as King of England (1154–1189), Count of Anjou, Duke of Normandy, Duke of Aquitaine, Duke of Gascony, Count of Nantes, Lord of Ireland and, at various times, controlled parts of Wales, Scotland and western France. ... The Cathédrale Saint-André de Bordeaux is a national monument of France, located in Bordeaux. ... Edward of Woodstock, Prince of Wales, KG (15 June 1330 – 8 June 1376), popularly known as the Black Prince, was the eldest son of King Edward III of England and Philippa of Hainault, and father to King Richard II of England. ... Combatants England France Brittany Commanders John Talbot, 1st Earl of Shrewsbury† Jean Bureau Strength 4,000-6,000 8,000 - 13,000 Casualties 4,000 mainly wounded or captured 100 dead or wounded The Battle of Castillon was the last battle fought between the French, the Bretons and the English... Charles VII the Victorious, a. ... The Caribbean or the West Indies is a group of islands in the Caribbean Sea. ...


Bordeaux adhered to the Fronde, being effectively annexed to the Kingdom of France only in 1653 when Louis XIV entered in the city. For other uses, see Fronde (disambiguation). ... Louis XIV redirects here. ...


The 18th century was the golden age of Bordeaux. Many downtown buildings (about 5,000), including those on the quays, are from this period. Victor Hugo found the town so beautiful he once said: "take Versailles, add Antwerp, and you have Bordeaux". Baron Haussmann, a long-time prefect of Bordeaux, used Bordeaux's 18th century big-scale rebuilding as a model when he was asked by Emperor Napoleon III to transform a then still quasi-medieval Paris into a "modern" capital that would make France proud. Victor-Marie Hugo (pronounced ) (February 26, 1802 — May 22, 1885) was a French poet, playwright, novelist, essayist, visual artist, statesman, human rights campaigner, and perhaps the most influential exponent of the Romantic movement in France. ... This article is about the city of Versailles. ... For other uses, see Antwerp (disambiguation). ... Haussmann, circa 1865 Georges-Eugène Haussmann (March 27, 1809 – January 11, 1891), who called himself Baron Haussmann, was a French civic planner whose name is associated with the rebuilding of Paris. ... This article is about the President of the French Republic and Emperor of the French. ...


The French government withdrew to the city during the wars of 1870, World War I and World War II. ....??? “The Great War ” redirects here. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


Economy

Wine

Main article: Bordeaux wine

Bordeaux has about 117,000 hectares of vineyards, 57 appellations, 9,000 wine-producing châteaux, 13,000 grape growers, 400 traders and sales of 14.5 billion euros annually. With an annual production of over 700 million bottles, Bordeaux produces large quantities of everyday wine as well as some of the most expensive wines in the world. Included among the latter are the area's five 'premier cru' (first growth) red wines (four from Médoc and one, Chateau Haut-Brion, from Graves), established by the Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855: The first growths are: Bordeaux with sub-wine regions A Bordeaux wine is any wine produced in the Bordeaux region of France. ... A common vineyard. ... First Growth (French Premier Cru) status refers to the greatest wines of the Bordeaux region. ... For the 1855 Exposition Universelle de Paris, Emperor Napoleon III requested a classification system for Frances best Bordeaux wines which were to be on display for visitors from around the world. ...

*In 1855 Mouton-Rothschild was ranked a Second Growth. In 1973 it was elevated to First Growth status.[2] Château Lafite-Rothschild Lafite-Rothschild label from the 1999 vintage Château Lafite Rothschild is a winery in France currently owned by members of the Rothschild banking family of France. ... The vineyard of Château Margaux stands as the producer of one of the worlds greatest and most sought-after red wines. ... Château Latour label Tower at Château Latour In most appraisals of the wine-growing world, the five First Growth Châteaux of the famous 1855 Bordeaux Classification are placed among the very best in the world. ... Château Haut-Brion is a First Growth in the Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855. ... Château Mouton Rothschild, located 50 km (30 mi) north-west of the city of Bordeaux, France in an area known as the Médoc, specifically the village of Pauillac. ...


Both red and white wines are made in Bordeaux. Red Bordeaux is called claret in the United Kingdom. Red wines are generally made from a blend of grapes, and may be made from Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Cabernet Franc, Petit Verdot, Malbec, and, less commonly in recent years, Carmenere. White Bordeaux is made from Sauvignon Blanc, Semillon, and Muscadelle. Sauternes is a subregion of Graves known for its intensely sweet, white, dessert wines such as Château d'Yquem. Claret is a name used in English for red wine from the Bordeaux region of France, along the valleys of the rivers Gironde, Garonne and Dordogne, including Medoc, Graves and St Emilion. ... Cabernet Sauvignon is one of the worlds most widely recognized red wine grape varieties. ... Merlot grapes on the vine. ... Cabernet Franc is a red wine grape variety similar to and a parent of Cabernet Sauvignon. ... Petit verdot is a variety of red wine grape, principally in classic Bordeaux blends. ... Malbec is a black, mellow grape variety originally grown in France, in the Loire Valley and Cahors. ... The Carmenere grape is a wine grape variety originally planted in the Médoc region of Bordeaux, France where it is used to produce deep red wines occasionally used for blending purposes in the same manner as Petit Verdot. ... Sauvignon blanc is a green-skinned grape variety which originates from the Bordeaux region of France. ... Sémillon is a golden-skinned grape used to make white wines, most notably in Bordeaux and Australia. ... Muscadelle is a white wine grape. ... Sauternes is a commune of the Gironde département in France. ... Dessert wines (or pudding wines) are sweet wines typically served with dessert, such as Sauternes and Tokaji Aszú. Despite the name, they are often best appreciated alone, or with fruit or bakery sweets. ... A bottle of Château dYquem 1973 Château dYquem is a Premier Cru Supérieur (Fr: Great First Growth or Great First Vintage) wine from the Sauternes region in the southern part of the Bordeaux vineyards known as Graves. ...


Because of the wine glut (wine lake), the price squeeze caused by increasingly strong international competition, and vine pull schemes, the number of growers has recently dropped from 14,000 and the area under vine has also decreased significantly. The wine lake refers to the continuing surplus of wine over demand (glut) produced in the European Union. ... Vine pull schemes are programs whereby grape growers receive a financial incentive to pull up their grape vines, a process known as arrachage in French. ...


Laser

The Laser Megajoule will be one of the most powerful lasers in the world, allowing fundamental research and the development of the lasers and plasmas technologies. This project, carried by the French Ministry of Defence, involves an investment of 2 billion euros. In 2009, the 600 experiments programmed each year with the Laser Mégajoule will begin. The "Road of the lasers", a major project of regional planning for the optical and lasers industries, will be born. Therefore, the area of Bordeaux will shelter the most important concentration of optical and laser experts in Europe. Laser Mégajoule (LMJ) is an experimental inertial confinement fusion (ICF) device being built in France by the French nuclear science directorate, CEA. Laser Mégajoule plans to deliver about 1. ...


Aeronautics

20 000 people work for the aeronautic industry in Bordeaux. The city has some of the biggest companies including Dassault, EADS Sogerma, Snecma, Thales, SNPE, and others. The Dassault Falcon private jets are built there as well as the military aircraft Rafale and Mirage 2000, the A380 cockpit, the boosters of Ariane 5, and the M51 SLBM missile. Dassault-Breguet/Dornier Alpha Jet of the UK defence technology organisation QinetiQ Dassault Aviation is a French aircraft manufacturer of military, regional and business jets. ... Snecma was one of the worlds leading aerospace corporations which merged with SAGEM to form SAFRAN. Snecma is now a subsidiary of the SAFRAN Group and previous Snecma subsidiaries have been reorganised within the wider group. ... The Thales Group (Euronext: HO) is a major French electronics company delivering mission-critical information systems and services for the Aerospace, Defence, and Security markets. ... The Falcon is a family of business jets manufactured by Dassault Aviation. ... The Rafale is a French twin-engine delta-wing multirole fighter aircraft designed and built by Dassault Aviation. ... A Mirage 2000 of the Indian Air Force The Mirage 2000 is a French-built multi-role fighter manufactured by Dassault Aviation. ... The Airbus A380 manufactured by Airbus S.A.S. is a double-decker, four engined airliner capable of flying 800 passengers in a high density format or 555 passengers in a typical three-class configuration. ... Ariane 5 is a European expendable launch system designed to deliver payloads into geostationary transfer orbit or low Earth orbit. ... The M51 SLBM is the future French Navys submarine launched ballistic missile, designed to replace the M45 SLBM. In French terminology the MSBS - Mer-Sol-Balistique-Strategique (Sea-ground-Strategic ballistic missile) Each missile carries six independently targetable TN-76 thermonuclear warheads. ...


Tourism

Port

The port lies on the Atlantic ocean and the Gironde estuary. Almost 9 million tons of goods arrive and leave each year. The Port is a nice area to sit and relax, a good place to tour if ever visiting. The Gironde is a navigable estuary, but often referred to as a river, in southwest France. ...


List of major companies in Bordeaux

This list includes both companies based in Bordeaux and outside companies with major operations in the city.

The Arena logo Arena is a manufacturer of competitive swimwear. ... Formerly named Societé des Avions Marcel Bloch or MB, the Dassault Aviation is a French aircraft manufacturer of military, regional and business jets. ... The European Aeronautic Defence and Space Company EADS N.V. (EADS) is a large European aerospace corporation, formed by the merger on July 10, 2000 of Aérospatiale-Matra of France, Construcciones Aeronáuticas SA (CASA) of Spain, and DaimlerChrysler Aerospace AG (DASA) of Germany. ... The European Aeronautic Defence and Space Company EADS N.V. (EADS) is a large European aerospace corporation, formed by the merger on July 10, 2000 of Aérospatiale-Matra of France, Construcciones Aeronáuticas SA (CASA) of Spain, and DaimlerChrysler Aerospace AG (DASA) of Germany. ... The European Aeronautic Defence and Space Company EADS N.V. (EADS) is a large European aerospace corporation, formed by the merger on July 10, 2000 of Aérospatiale-Matra of France, Construcciones Aeronáuticas SA (CASA) of Spain, and DaimlerChrysler Aerospace AG (DASA) of Germany. ... “Ford” redirects here. ... McKesson Corporation (NYSE: MCK) is a large United States-based corporation specializing in the distribution of health care systems, medical supplies and pharmaceutical products. ... Ever since its creation in 1985 with the partnership of Fabrice Valéri, a surfer of visionary genius, and Isabelle Cachot, a highly talented artistic director, OXBOW has been the vector of a unique mindset on the rider sports scene, as demonstrated in each and every one of its collections. ... Pernod Ricard is a French company producing alcoholic beverages. ... Sanofi-aventis (Euronext: SAN, NYSE: SNY), headquartered in Paris, France, is one of the 3 largest pharmaceutical companies in the world, along with Pfizer,GlaxoSmithKline. ... Snecma was one of the worlds leading aerospace corporations which merged with SAGEM to form SAFRAN. Snecma is now a subsidiary of the SAFRAN Group and previous Snecma subsidiaries have been reorganised within the wider group. ... Solectron headquarters in Milpitas Solectron Corporation (NYSE: SLR), is a global electronics manufacturing company for original equipment manufacturer (OEMs). ... The Thales Group (Euronext: HO) is a major French electronics company delivering mission-critical information systems and services for the Aerospace, Defence, and Security markets. ...

Education

University

The university was created by the archbishop Pey Berland and was abolished in 1793, during the French Revolution, before reappearing in 1808 with Napoleon I. Bordeaux accommodates approximately 70,000 students on one of the largest campuses of Europe (235 ha) The University of Bordeaux is divided into four: The University of Bordeaux is an organisation consisting of four autonomous universities: Université Bordeaux 1 [1] - natural science Université Victor Segalen Bordeaux 2 [2] - medicine and life sciences Université Michel de Montaigne Bordeaux 3 [3] - the liberal arts Université Montesquieu Bordeaux IV [4] - political science and law Bordeaux 2 is... The Tour Pey Berland (or Pere Berland) in Bordeaux, which was constructed by Berland and named after him. ... Napoléon I, Emperor of the French (born Napoleone di Buonaparte, changed his name to Napoléon Bonaparte)[1] (15 August 1769; Ajaccio, Corsica – 5 May 1821; Saint Helena) was a general during the French Revolution, the ruler of France as First Consul (Premier Consul) of the French Republic from...

  • The University Bordeaux 1 (Physical sciences and Technologies), 10,693 students in 2002
  • The University Bordeaux 2 (Medicine and Life sciences), 15,038 students in 2002
  • The University Bordeaux 3 (Liberal Arts, Humanities, Languages), 14,785 students in 2002
  • The University Bordeaux 4 (Law, Economy and Management). 12,556 students in 2002

Schools

Bordeaux has numerous public and private schools offering undergraduate and postgraduate programs.


Engineering schools:

  • École nationale supérieure d'arts et métiers
  • École d'ingénieurs en modélisation mathématique et mécanique
  • École nationale supérieure d'électronique, informatique, radiocommunications de Bordeaux
  • École supérieure de technologie des biomolécules de Bordeaux
  • École nationale d'ingénieurs des travaux agricoles de Bordeaux
  • École nationale supérieure de chimie et physique de Bordeaux
  • Institut des sciences et techniques des aliments de Bordeaux
  • Institut de cognitique
  • École supérieure d'informatique
  • École privée des sciences informatiques

Business and management schools: The École Nationale Supérieure dArts et Métiers or ENSAM is a French Engineering institute and grand établissement and a prominent member of ParisTech (Paris Institute of Technology). ... The École nationale supérieure de chimie et de physique de Bordeaux (or ENSCPB, as known as CPB in common language) - which can be translated as Graduate School of chemistry and physics of Bordeaux - is one of the French grandes écoles , whose main purpose is to form chemical and physical... In Bordeaux, the Cognitique Institute (IdC) is a public education institution, founded by the University of Bordeaux 2, that includes a cognitive engineering training program, two Masters programs and a PhD program in cognitive science. ...

  • Bordeaux école de management (Bordeaux Management school)
  • EBP International
  • Institut des hautes études économiques et commerciales
  • École de commerce européenne

Other:

  • Institut d'études politiques de Bordeaux (Institute of political sciences)
  • École nationale de la magistrature (National school for Magistrate)
  • École du service de santé des armées
  • École d'architecture et de paysage de Bordeaux
  • École des beaux-arts de Bordeaux
  • École française des attachés de presse et des professionels de la communication (EFAP)
  • Conservatoire national des arts et métiers d'Aquitaine (CNAM)
Place de la Bourse
Place de la Bourse
The church of St. Pierre.
The church of St. Pierre.
Façade of the Church of the Holy Cross.
Palais Gallien.
Palais Gallien.
Place de la Bourse.
Place de la Bourse.
Edouard Manet: Harbour at Bordeaux, 1871
Edouard Manet: Harbour at Bordeaux, 1871

Sciences Po Bordeaux, or Institut détudes politiques (IEP) de Bordeaux, is a French political science grande école situated on the university campus of Pessac, 8 km from the centre of Bordeaux, set up in 1948 External links Official site Postgrads site Categories: Bordeaux | Instituts détudes politiques ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 535 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1370 pixel, file size: 661 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Bordeaux Metadata This file contains additional... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 535 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1370 pixel, file size: 661 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Bordeaux Metadata This file contains additional... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1200x900, 259 KB) Saint Pierre, Bordeaux, Frankreich, France Photograph Luidger (1. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1200x900, 259 KB) Saint Pierre, Bordeaux, Frankreich, France Photograph Luidger (1. ... Image File history File links FacadeSainteCroixBordeauxsoir. ... Image File history File links FacadeSainteCroixBordeauxsoir. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1200x1600, 1115 KB) I took this picture File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Bordeaux Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1200x1600, 1115 KB) I took this picture File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Bordeaux Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or... Image File history File links Place_de_la_Bourse. ... Image File history File links Place_de_la_Bourse. ... Download high resolution version (3200x2117, 852 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (3200x2117, 852 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Édouard Manet (portrait by Nadar) Édouard Manet (January 23, 1832 - April 30, 1883) was a noted French painter. ...

Main sights

Bordeaux is classified "City of Art and History". The city has been inscribed on UNESCO World Heritage List as "an outstanding urban and architectural ensemble". A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State...


Bordeaux is home to one of Europe's biggest 18th century architectural urban areas, making it a sought-after destination for tourists and cinema production crews. It stands out as one of the first French cities, after Nancy, to have entered an era of urbanism and metropolitan big scale projects, with the team Gabriel father and son, architects for King Louis XV, under the supervision of 2 intendants (Governors), first Mr. Dupre de Saint Maur then the Marquis (Marquess) de Tourny. For other uses, see Nancy (disambiguation). ... Louis XV (February 15, 1710 – May 10, 1774), ruled as King of France and Navarre from 1715 until his death. ...


Buildings

Main sights include:

  • Esplanade des Quinconces
  • Colonnes des Girondins
  • Grand Théâtre
  • Allées de Tourny
  • Cours de l'Intendance
  • Place du Chapelet
  • Pont de Pierre
  • Saint-André Cathedral, consecrated by Pope Urban II in 1096 . Of the Original Romanesque edifice only a wall in the nave remain. The Royal Gate is from the early 13th century, while the rest of the construction is mostly from the 14th-15th centuries.
  • Tour Pey Berland (1440-1450), a massive, quadrangular tower annexed to the cathedral.
  • Sainte-Croix Church (Church of the Holy Cross). It lies on the site of a 7th century abbey destroyed by the Saracens. Rebuilt under the Carolingians, it was again destroyed by the Normans in 845 and 864. It is annexed to a Benedictine abbey founded in the 7th century, and was built in the late 11th-early 12th centuries. The façade is in Romanesque style
  • The Gothic basilica of Saint-Michel, constructed in the late 14th-15th centuries.
  • Basilica of Saint-Seurin, the most ancient church in Bordeaux. It was built in the early 6th century on the site of a palaeochristian necropolis. It has an 11th century portico, while the apse and transept are from the following century. The 13th century nave has chapels from the 11th and the 14th centuries. The ancient crypt houses sepulchres of the Merovingian family.
  • Palais Rohan (Exterior: [1])
  • Palais Gallien, the remains of a late 2nd-century Roman amphitheatre
  • Porte Cailhau
  • La Grosse Cloche (15th century) is the second remaining gate of the Medieval walls. It was the belfry of the old Town Hall. It consists of two 40 m-high circular towers and a central bell tower housing a bell weighing 7,800&kg. The watch is from 1759.
  • Eglise Saint-Eloi
  • Place de la Bourse (1730-1775), designed by the Royal architect Jacques Ange Gabriel as landscape for an equestrian statue of Louis XV.
  • Place du Parlement
  • Place Saint-Pierre
  • Rue Sainte-Catherine

Saint-André Cathedral, Saint-Michel Basilica and Saint-Seurin Basilica are part of the World Heritage Sites of the Routes of Santiago de Compostela in France. The Cathédrale Saint-André de Bordeaux is a national monument of France, located in Bordeaux. ... Pope Urban II (1042 – July 29, 1099), born Otho of Lagery (alternatively: Otto or Odo), was a Pope from 1088 to July 29, 1099. ... The Tour Pey Berland (or Pere Berland) in Bordeaux, which was constructed by Berland and named after him. ... Église Sainte-Croix. ... The western facade of Reims Cathedral, France. ... Categories: Architectural elements | Stub ... This article is about an architectural feature; for the astronomical term see apsis. ... Cathedral ground plan. ... For other uses, see Merovingian (disambiguation). ... Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew from a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula circa the 9th century BC to a massive empire straddling the Mediterranean Sea. ... The Colosseum in Rome, Italy. ... A bell is a simple sound-making device. ... Château of the Petit Trianon in the park at Versailles Ange-Jacques Gabriel (October 23, 1698 – January 4, 1782) was the most prominent French architect of his generation. ... The Cathédrale Saint-André de Bordeaux is a national monument of France, located in Bordeaux. ... In 1998, several sites in France were added to the UNESCO World Heritage Sites under the description: Routes of Santiago de Compostela in France. Below is a detailed list of these sites: Périgueux: cathedral Saint-Front - Aquitaine Saint-Avit-Sénieur: church - Aquitaine Le Buisson-de-Cadouin: former abbaye...


Museums

  • Musée des Beaux Arts
  • Musée d'Aquitaine
  • Musée des Arts Décoratifs
  • Musée D'Histoire Naturelle
  • CAPC
  • Musée National des Doines
  • French Cruiser Colbert
  • Vinorama
  • Musée Goupil
  • Casa de Goya
  • Cap Sciences
  • Centre Jean Moulin

The C611 Colbert was an anti-air cruiser, later transformed into a missile cruiser, of the French Navy. ... This article is about Francisco Goya, a Spanish painter. ...

Shopping

Bordeaux boasts numerous options for shopping. In the heart of Bordeaux is Rue Sainte-Catherine. This pedestrian only shopping street is 1.2 kilometers of shops, restaurants and cafes; it is also the longest shopping street in Europe. Rue Sainte-Catherine starts at Place de la Victoire and ends at Place de la Comedie by the opera house. The shops become progressively more upscale as one moves towards Place de la Comedie and the nearby Cours de l'Intendance is where one finds the more exclusive shops and boutiques.


Culture

Bordeaux is also the first city in France to have created, in the 1980s, an architecture exhibition and research centre, Arc en rêve, still the most prestigious in France besides Paris IFA. Bordeaux offers a large number of cinemas, theatres and is the home of the National Opera of Bordeaux. There are many music venues of varying capacity. The city also offers several festivals throughout the year.

Rue Sainte-Catherine
Rue Sainte-Catherine

Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixels Full resolution (1280 × 960 pixel, file size: 837 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixels Full resolution (1280 × 960 pixel, file size: 837 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ...

Music

Noir Désir is a French rock band, currently on hiatus. ... A relaxing afternoon of leisure: a young girl resting in a pool. ... For other uses of the term calculus see calculus (disambiguation) Calculus is a branch of mathematics, developed from algebra and geometry, built on two major complementary ideas. ... Les Hurlements dLéo is an alternative rock band from Bordeaux in France. ... Look up Luke in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Gojira is a French progressive death metal band. ...

Media

Radio stations

These are the radio stations in Bordeaux.

  • Wit FM: (pop, rock, dance music)
  • Black Box: (Hip-Hop, R&B, Ragga, Funk, Soul, Disco)
  • Radio Nova Sauvagine: (alternative music)
  • Campus FM: (Alternative Music)
  • RIG: (world music)
  • La Clé des Ondes: (world music)
  • TRG: (pop music)
  • ARL: (world music)

This article is about the genre of popular music. ... This article is about the genre. ... Hip hop music is a style of music which came into existence in the United States during the mid-1970s, and became a large part of modern pop culture during the 1980s. ... The term alternative rock or alternative music1 was coined in the early 1980s to describe bands which didnt fit into the mainstream genres of the time. ... World music is, most generally, all the music in the world. ...

Newspaper

  • Sud Ouest
  • Bordeaux 7
  • 20 Minutes
  • Metro

TV

  • TV 7
  • France 3 Aquitaine www.france3.fr

Transport

Road

Bordeaux is an important road and motorway junction. The city is connected to Paris by the A10 motorway, with Lyon by the A89, with Toulouse by the A62, and with Spain by the A63. There is a 45 km ring road called the "Rocade" which is often very busy. The building of another ring road is under consideration.

Pont-de-Pierre.
Pont-de-Pierre.

Bordeaux has 4 road bridges that cross the Garonne, the Pont-de-Pierre built in the 1820s and 3 modern bridges built after 1960: the Pont Saint Jean, just south of the Pont de Pierre (both located downtown), the Pont d'Aquitaine, a suspended bridge downstream from downtown, and the Pont François Mitterrand, located upstream of downtown. These 2 bridges are part of the ring road around Bordeaux. There is also a steel railway bridge, built in the 1850s by Gustave Eiffel, and used daily by 100s, including the TGV, a high speed train. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2336x3504, 4935 KB) Description: Bridge of Pierre over Garonne river in Bordeaux, France. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2336x3504, 4935 KB) Description: Bridge of Pierre over Garonne river in Bordeaux, France. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Pont dAquitaine is a large suspension bridge over the Garonne, north-west of the city of Bordeaux, in France. ...


Rail

The main railway station, the Gare St-Jean near the centre of the city, welcomes 4 million passengers a year. It is served by the French national (SNCF) railway's high speed train, the TGV, that allows a trip to Paris in 3 hours, offering connections with major European centres such as Lille, Brussels, Amsterdam, Cologne, Geneva and London. The TGV also serves Toulouse and Irun from Bordeaux. Regular train service is provided to Nantes, Nice, Marseille and Lyon. The Gare St-Jean is the major hub for regional trains (TER) operated by the SNCF to Arcachon, Limoges, Agen, Périgueux, Pau and Bayonne. Passengers bustle around the typical grand edifice of Londons Broad Street Station in 1865. ... SNCF (Société Nationale des Chemins de fer Français) (French National Railway Company) is a French public enterprise. ... For the group of heart conditions referred to as TGV, see Transposition of the great vessels. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... For other uses, see Lille (disambiguation). ... This article is about the settlement itself. ... For other uses, see Amsterdam (disambiguation). ... Cologne (German: , IPA: ; local dialect: Kölle ) is Germanys fourth-largest city after Berlin, Hamburg and Munich, and is the largest city both in the German Federal State of North Rhine-Westphalia and within the Rhine-Ruhr Metropolitan Area, one of the major European metropolitan areas with more than... For other uses, see Geneva (disambiguation). ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... For the group of heart conditions referred to as TGV, see Transposition of the great vessels. ... New city flag (Occitan cross) Traditional coat of arms Motto: (Occitan: For Toulouse, always more) Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country Region Midi-Pyrénées Department Haute-Garonne (31) Intercommunality Community of Agglomeration of Greater Toulouse Mayor Jean-Luc Moudenc  (UMP) (since 2004) City Statistics Land... Vigilantiae Custos Location Coordinates : Lat 43º 20 16. ... Traditional city flag City coat of arms Motto: Favet Neptunus eunti (Latin: Shall Neptune favour the traveller) Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country Region Pays de la Loire Department Loire-Atlantique (44) Mayor Jean-Marc Ayrault  (PS) (since 1989) City Statistics Land area¹ 65. ... This article is about the French city. ... City flag Coat of arms Motto: By her great deeds, the city of Massilia shines The Old Port of Marseille Location Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Coordinates Administration Country Region Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur Department Bouches-du-Rhône (13) Subdivisions 16 arrondissements (in 8 secteurs) Intercommunality Urban... This article is about the French city. ... A Bombardier AGC train belonging to TER, in Hazebrouck station. ... SNCF (Société Nationale des Chemins de fer Français) (French National Railway Company) is a French public enterprise. ... Arcachon is a resort town on the Atlantic coast of southwest France. ... This article is about the French commune. ... For the Agen meteorite of 1814, see Meteorite falls. ... Périgueux ( ) (in Occitan: Peireguers or Periguers ) is a commune of France, préfecture (capital) of the Dordogne département and the capital of the Périgord area in the Aquitaine région. ... Aquitaine Region flag Coat of arms The location of Pau is shown on this map of the historical and cultural area of Gascony. ... Bayonne (French: Bayonne, pronounced ; Gascon Occitan and Basque: Baiona) is a city and commune of southwest France at the confluence of the Nive and Adour rivers, in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques département, of which it is a sous-préfecture. ...


Air

Bordeaux is served by an international airport, Aéroport de Bordeaux Mérignac, located 8km from the city centre in the suburban city of Mérignac. Aéroport de Bordeaux (IATA: BOD, ICAO: LFBD) is an airport servicing the French city of Bordeaux. ... Mérignac is a commune in the département of Gironde and the Aquitaine region of France. ...


Trams, buses and boats

Bordeaux has an important public transport system called TBC. This company is run by the Connex group. The network is composed of:

  • 3 tram lines (A, B and C)
  • 75 bus routes, all connected to the tramway network (from 1 to 96)
  • 12 night bus routes (from S1 to S12)
  • An electric bus shuttle in the city centre
  • A boat shuttle on the Garonne river

This network is operated from 5am to 1am


There have been several plans for a subway network to be set up but they were given up for both geological and financial reasons. The tramway system was started in the autumn of 2000 and put into service in December 2003, connecting Bordeaux with the suburban areas. It uses the APS technology, a brand new and exclusive cableless technology developed by French company Alstom and designed to preserve the aesthetic environment the tramway is surrounded by (although very controversial for its considerable cost of installation and maintenance, but also for the numerous technical problems that paralyzed the network for an unusually long time even if those problems have been resolved). At the same time many downtown streets and squares along the tramway lines became pedestrian areas, with limited access by cars. A Citadis tram at the City Hall stop in Bordeaux The Bordeaux tramway network consists of three lines serving the capital of the Aquitaine Region in southwestern France. ... Bordeaux trams run without overhead wires. ... Alstom (formerly GEC-Alsthom) (Euronext: ALO) is a large French company whose businesses are power generation, railway signalling; and manufacturing trains (e. ...


Sport

The Stade Chaban-Delmas is the largest stadium. It can host 35000 spectators. There are two major sport teams in Bordeaux: Stade Chaban Delmas (previously known as Parc Lescure) is a football stadium in Bordeaux, France. ...

There is a 250 m wooden velodrome, Vélodrome du Lac, in Bordeaux which hosts international cycling competition in the form of UCI Track Cycling World Cup events. FC Girondins de Bordeaux is a French football team, playing in the city of Bordeaux. ... Soccer redirects here. ... Ligue 1 (Première division or Division 1 until 2003, now called Ligue 1 Orange) is the top division of French and Monegasque football, one of two divisions making up the LFP, the other being Ligue 2. ... USB-CABBG is a French rugby union team that currently takes part in Pro D2, the second level of the countrys professional league system. ... Rugby Pro D2, also known as Pro D2 is the second level of domestic club rugby union in France, below the first division, Top 14. ... For other uses, see Rugby (disambiguation). ... The Ligue Nationale de Rugby (English: National Rugby League) is the name of the national professional rugby union league of France. ... This article is about the sport. ... Look up velodrome in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Cycling is the use of bicycles, unicycles, tricycles, quadricycles and other similar wheeled human powered vehicles (HPVs) as a means of transport, a form of recreation or a sport. ... The UCI Track Cycling World Cup Classics is the elite mens season-long competition in track cycling. ...


Miscellaneous

Births

Bordeaux was the birthplace of:

Bertrand Andrieu (November 4, 1761_December 10, 1822), French engraver of medals, was born at Bordeaux. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Yvonne Arnaud ( December 20, 1892 - September 20, 1958) was a French-born pianist, singer and actress. ... Decimus Magnus Ausonius (c. ... A poet (from the ancient Greek ποιητης, poïêtes (artisan) ; ποιέω, poieō) is a person who writes poetry. ... Rhetoric (from Greek , rhêtôr, orator, teacher) is generally understood to be the art or technique of persuasion through the use of oral, visual, or written language; however, this definition of rhetoric has expanded greatly since rhetoric emerged as a field of study in universities. ... François Bigot (born Bordeaux, January 1703; died Neuchâtel, Switzerland, 12 January 1778) was a French government official. ... New France was governed by three rulers: the governor, the bishop and the intendant, all appointed by the King, and sent from France. ... Capital Quebec Language(s) French Religion Roman Catholicism Government Monarchy King See List of French monarchs Governor See list of Governors Legislature Sovereign Council of New France Historical era Ancien Régime in France  - Royal Control 1655  - Articles of Capitulation of Quebec 1759  - Articles of Capitulation of Montreal 1760  - Treaty... René Clément, born on March 18, 1913 in Bordeaux, in the Gironde département of France - died on March 17, 1996, in Monte Carlo, Monaco, was a film director and screenwriter. ... Marie-Louise Damien (December 5, 1889 – January, 1978) was a French singer and actress best known under the stage name Damia. ... Lili Damita Lili Damita (July 10, 1904 – March 21, 1994) was a French actress. ... Danielle Darrieux Danielle Yvonne Marie Antoinette Darrieux (born May 1, 1917 in Bordeaux, France) is a French singer and actress. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Eugène Goossens (1867 - 1958) was a French conductor and violinist. ... François Mauriac (October 11, 1885 – September 1, 1970) was a French author, winner of the Nobel Prize in Literature. ... The Nobel Prize (Swedish: ) was established in Alfred Nobels will in 1895, and it was first awarded in Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature, and Peace in 1901. ... Édouard Molinaro (b. ... Michel Eyquem de Montaigne (French pronounced ) (February 28, 1533–September 13, 1592) was one of the most influential writers of the French Renaissance. ... Pontius Meropius Anicius Paulinus, St. ... Georges Antoine Pons Rayet (December 22, 1839 – June 14, 1906) was a French astronomer. ... Wolf-Rayet stars are evolved, hot, massive stars, that exhibit high mass-loss caused by strong stellar winds. ... Richard II (January 6, 1367 – February 14, 1400) was King of England from 1377 until he was deposed in 1399. ... Jacques Pierre Joseph Rode on February 16, 1774 – died November 25, 1830, was a French violinist and composer. ... Jean-Jacques Sempé (born August 17, 1932) is a French cartoonist. ... Cartoonist Jack Elrod at work. ... Florent Serra (Born February 28, 1981 in Bordeaux, France), is a French male tennis player. ... Philippe Sollers (b. ...

Sister cities and partnerships

Sister cities

Sign denoting twin towns of Neckarsulm Town twinning or sister cities is a concept whereby towns or cities from geographically and politically distinct areas are paired, with the goal of fostering human contact and cultural links. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... This article is about the English city. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Peru. ... For other uses, see Lima (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Nickname: Motto: Don de Dieu feray valoir (I shall put Gods gift to good use; the Don de Dieu was Champlains ship) Coordinates: , Country Province Agglomeration Quebec City Statute of the city Capitale-Nationale Administrative Region Capitale-Nationale Founded 1608 by Samuel de Champlain Constitution date 1833 Government... This article is about the Canadian province. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... For other uses, see Munich (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Portugal. ... Oporto redirects here. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... This article is about a city in Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... La Muy Noble y Muy Leal e Invicta (The most noble and most loyal and undefeated) Location Location of Bilbao in Spain and Biscay Coordinates : , Time zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer : CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Bilbao (Basque) Spanish name Bilbao Nickname El Botxo (the hole) Founded 15... Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... This article is about the Spanish capital. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Israel. ... Hebrew Founded in 1956 Government City (from 1968) District South Population 204,400 (2005) Jurisdiction 60,000 dunams (60 km²) Mayor Zvi Zilker Ashdod (Hebrew: ‎; Arabic: , Isdud), located in the Southern District of Israel towards the south of the Israeli Coastal Plain, is a city of over 200,000 people... Image File history File links Flag_of_Azerbaijan. ... Location in Azerbaijan Coordinates: , Country Government  - Mayor Hajibala Abutalybov Area  - Total 260 km² (100. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Morocco. ... For other uses, see Casablanca (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... For the brand of cymbal, see Wuhan cymbals. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Algeria. ... View of Oran Coat of arms of Oran Oran (Arabic:, pronounced Wahran) is a city in northwestern Algeria, situated on the Mediterranean coast. ...

Partnerships

Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and Petrograd (Петрогра́д, 1914–1924), is a city located in Northwestern Russia on the delta of the river Neva at the east end of the Gulf of Finland... Image File history File links Flag_of_Poland. ... For other uses, see Krakow (disambiguation). ...

See also

To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... This is a list of mayors of the City of Bordeaux. ... A canelé is a small French pastry with a soft and tender custard center and a dark, thick caramelized crust. ... Basket of western-style pastries, for breakfast Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Pastries For the Pastry Distributed Hash Table, see Pastry (DHT). ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Categories: Dog stubs | Dog breeds ... Trinomial name Canis lupus familiaris The dog (Canis lupus familiaris) is a domestic subspecies of the wolf, a mammal of the Canidae family of the order Carnivora. ... Two dogs fighting Dog fighting is a physical fight between canines, sometimes involving the pitting of two dogs against each other for the entertainment of spectators, and for the purpose of gambling. ... The Bordeaux-Paris professional cycle race was one of mainland Europes Classic cycle races, and the longest in the professional calendar, covering a distance of approximately 350 miles (560 kilometres) - more than twice the distance of most single day races. ... Bicycle racers at the 2005 Rund um den Henninger-Turm in Germany Road bicycle racing is a popular bicycle racing sport held on roads (following the geography of the area), using racing bicycles. ... The Battle of Bordeaux is an informal name for the World Cup football match between Brazil and Czechoslovakia on June 12, 1938 in Bordeaux. ... The 1938 Football World Cup was played in France, the second tournament in a row to be played in Europe. ... Soccer redirects here. ... is the 163rd day of the year (164th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... During World War II, Operation Frankton was a British Combined Operations raid on shipping in Bordeaux harbour, France in December, 1942, by 12 men of the Boom Patrol Detachment, Royal Navy, in two-man Cockle MK II Canoes. ... Combined Operations was a department of the British War Office set up during World War II to harass the Germans on the European continent by means of raids carried out by use of combined naval and army forces. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... French gastronomy France is one of the oldest wine-producing regions of Europe. ... Bordeaux and sub regions The wine regions of Bordeaux are the area around the city of Bordeaux within the Gironde department of Aquitaine. ...

References

  1. ^ BBC NEWS | In Pictures | In pictures: New World Heritage sites
  2. ^ MacNeil, K. (2001). The Wine Bible. New York, NY: Workman.

Image File history File links Question_book-3. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
  • Bordeaux city council website
  • Tourist office website
  • Official Girondins de Bordeaux website
  • Sciences Po Bordeaux
  • Tram and bus maps and schedules
  • Bordeaux Wine official website
  • Bordeaux travel guide from Wikitravel


  Results from FactBites:
 
Encyclopedia4U - Bordeaux - Encyclopedia Article (285 words)
Bordeaux is a port city in the south-west of France, and is the préfecture (administrative capital) of the Gironde département and the Aquitaine région.
The 18th century was its gold age, because of the trades with the West Indies.
The philosopher Michel de Montaigne was born in Bordeaux as was Nobel laureate, Francois Mauriac.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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