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Encyclopedia > Booker Prize

The Man Booker Prize for Fiction, also known as the Man Booker Prize, or simply the "Man Booker", is one of the world's most important literary prizes, and awarded each year for the best original novel written by a citizen of the Commonwealth or the Republic of Ireland in English. A separate prize for which any living author in the world may qualify, the Man Booker International Prize, will be inaugurated in 2005. A novel is an extended work of written, narrative, prose fiction, usually in story form; the writer of a novel is a novelist. ... Flag of the Commonwealth of Nations The Commonwealth of Nations is an association of independent sovereign states, most of which are former colonies once governed by the United Kingdom as part of the British Empire. ... English may refer to: The nation of England. ... The word author has several meanings: The author of a book, story, article or the like, is the person who has written it (or is writing it). ... The Man Booker International Prize is a global literary award that recognises one writer for their achievement in fiction. ... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

The winner of the Man Booker will generally be assured of international fame and success. It is also a mark of distinction for an author's work to be selected for inclusion on the Man Booker "longlist" or "shortlist".

When the Man Booker was originally sponsored by the company Booker plc in 1968, the prize was commonly known as the "Booker". However, when administration of the prize was transferred to the Booker Prize Foundation in 2002 and the title sponsor became the investment company Man Group plc, the prize became known as the "Man Booker". PLC is an initialism for: Palestinian Legislative Council (law-making body of the Palestinian Authority) Parti Libéral du Canada (the term in French for the Liberal Party of Canada) phospholipase C Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth power line communication, including broadband PLC modems Prague Linguistic Circle programmable logic controller product life cycle... 1968 was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). ... 2002 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...



The selection process for the winner of the prize commences with the formation of an advisory committee which includes an author, two publishers, a literary agent, a bookseller, a librarian, and a chairperson appointed by the Booker Prize Foundation. The advisory committee then selects the judging panel, the membership of which changes each year, although on rare occasions a judge may be selected a second time.

To maintain the consistent excellence of the prize, judges are selected from amongst leading literary critics, writers, academics and notable public figures.


Main article: List of winners and shortlisted authors of the Booker Prize for Fiction The following is a list of winners and shortlisted authors of the Booker Prize for Fiction. ...

Some statistics

  • Publishers may submit books for consideration and judges may call for books to be submitted. In 2002, 110 were submitted and another 10 were called.
  • The list of books making the longlist was first released in 2001. In 2003 there were 23 books on the longlist, in 2002 there were 20 and in 2001 there were 24.
  • For the first 35 years of the Booker there were only five years when less than six books were on the shortlist, and two years (1980 and 1981) when there were seven on the shortlist.
  • As of 2003:
    • Over the first 35 years there were a total of 201 novels from 134 authors on the shortlists.
    • Of the 97 novels nominated once, there were 13 winners and 3 co-winners.
    • Of the 19 novels nominated twice, there were 7 winners and one two-time winner (J. M. Coetzee).
    • Of the 10 novels nominated thrice, there were four winners, 1 co-winner and 1 two-time winner (Peter Carey).
    • Of the 5 four-time nominees, all but William Trevor have won once. The other four-time nominees are Ian McEwan, Salman Rushdie, Thomas Keneally and Penelope Fitzgerald.
    • There have only been 2 five-time nominees, Margaret Atwood (first nominated in 1986 and won in 2000) and Beryl Bainbridge (nominated twice in the 1970s and three times in the 1990s, but never won).
    • There has been only 1 six-time nominee, Iris Murdoch, who won on her fourth nomination in 1978 and was nominated twice more in the 1980s.

2003 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, and also: The International Year of Freshwater The European Disability Year Events January events January 1 Luíz Inácio Lula Da Silva becomes the 37th President of Brazil. ... J.M. Coetzee John Maxwell Coetzee (pronounced coot-SEE-uh) is a South African author. ... Peter Carey is an Australian novelist, born on February 7, 1943 in Bacchus Marsh, Victoria, and after living in Melbourne, London and Sydney he is now based in New York. ... William Trevor (born 24 May 1928) CBE, is a short story writer, novelist and playwright. ... Ian McEwan (born June 21, 1948) is a British novelist, sometimes nicknamed Ian Macabre because of the nature of his work. ... Salman Rushdie (born June 19, 1947, in Bombay, India) is an essayist and author of fiction, most of which is set on the Indian subcontinent. ... Thomas Keneally (born October 7, 1935) also Tom Keneally, is an Australian novelist. ... Penelope Fitzgerald (17 December 1916 - 28 April 2000) was an English poet, novelist and biographer. ... Margaret Atwood Margaret Eleanor Peggy Atwood (born November 18, 1939) is a novelist, poet, literary critic, one of the worlds best-selling authors, and a pioneer of Canadian womens writing. ... Beryl Bainbridge (born 1934) is an English novelist. ... Iris Murdoch Dame Jean Iris Murdoch (July 15, 1919 - February 8, 1999) was an Anglo-Irish novelist and philosopher, famed for her series of novels that combine rich characterization and compelling plotlines usually involving ethical or sexual themes. ...

See also

Literary festivals are gatherings of writers and readers. ... The Prix Goncourt is the most prestigious prize in French language literature, given to the author of the best imaginary prose work of the year. Edmond de Goncourt, a successful author, critic, and publisher, bequeathed his entire estate for the foundation and maintenance of the Académie Goncourt. ... The National Book Awards are the preeminent literary awards in the United States, presented annually for the best book by a living US citizen published in the United States. ... The Whitbread literary award is one of the main literary awards given to people who write books, and is thus one of the main events in the literary calendar. ...

External links



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