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Encyclopedia > Book of Veles
The only known contour copy of a plank; the book is named after this plank, as it begins with "To Veles this book we devote..."
The only known contour copy of a plank; the book is named after this plank, as it begins with "To Veles this book we devote..."

The Book of Veles (also: Veles Book, Vles book, Vlesbook, Isenbeck's Planks, Велесова книга, Велес книга, Книга Велеса, Дощечки Изенбека, Дощьки Изенбека) is claimed to be a text of ancient Slavic religion and history. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Slavic mythology and Slavic religion evolved over more than 3,000 years. ... History studies the past in human terms. ...


It contains religious passages and accounts of history interspersed with religious morals. The earliest events in the book could be dated around 7th century BC and the latest happened in 9th century AD. Various Religious symbols, including (first row) Christian, Jewish, Hindu, Bahai, (second row) Islamic, tribal, Taoist, Shinto (third row) Buddhist, Sikh, Hindu, Jain, (fourth row) Ayyavazhi, Triple Goddess, Maltese cross, pre-Christian Slavonic Religion is the adherence to codified beliefs and rituals that generally involve a faith in a spiritual... (2nd millennium BC - 1st millennium BC - 1st millennium) The 7th century BC started on January 1, 700 BC and ended on December 31, 601 BC. // Overview Events Ashurbanipal, king of Assyria who created the the first systematically collected library at Nineveh A 16th century depiction of the Hanging Gardens of... As a means of recording the passage of time the 9th century was that century that lasted from 801 to 900. ...


The book was allegedly discovered in 1919 and lost in 1941. Its authenticity is disputed, it is suspected to be a forgery made in the 1940s or the early 1800s; Moreover, different modern editions of the book have different versions of its text. Regardless, most Slavic Neopagans use it as their sacred text. Year 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... For the movie, see 1941 (film). ... Distribution of Slavic people by language The Slavic peoples (Greek: , Latin: , Arabic: ‎ Ṣaqālibä, Old Church Slavonic: , Russian: , Polish: , Serbo-Croatian: ) are a linguistic and ethnic branch of Indo-European peoples, living mainly in Europe, where they constitute roughly a third of the population. ... Neopaganism (sometimes Neo-Paganism, meaning New Paganism) is a heterogeneous group of religions which attempt to revive ancient, mainly European pre-Christian religions. ... Many religions and spiritual movements believe that their sacred texts (or scriptures) are the Word of God, often feeling that the texts are wholly divine or spiritually inspired in origin. ...

Contents

Authenticity

There exist divided opinions about the authenticity of the book. Nearly all scholars consider it a forgery. History of the book can be reliably traced only as far as mid-1950s, when the transcribed book and the photograph of one of the planks first surfaced in a San Francisco-based, Russian emigrant newspaper. Some scholars believe that the entire book was a product of collaboration of the editors of this newspaper and Yuriy Mirolyubov, who later claimed to have found the book. Others believe that either the entire book or the only plank available, were forged in the early 1800s by the Russian collector and forger Alexander Sulakadzev. Finally, there is a possibility that Mirolyubov found one or several pages of the Book of Veles and falsified the rest of the text to fit his theories about early Slavs. A scholar is either a student or someone who has achieved a mastery of some academic discipline, perhaps receiving financial support through a scholarship. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ...


The book is written in a language that is very similar to ancient East Slavic language. Consequently, a large part of the book's text, once transcribed into a modern alphabet, is readable by modern speakers of Slavic languages. However, professional historians, particularly the specialists in ancient Slavic, are concerned by many features of its language—use of words (modern or medieval Slavic words occasionally and unwittingly used in place of their ancient equivalents), spelling, phonetics (lack of understanding of the sound 'f', which existed in Proto-Slavic but disappeared later on, the haphazard handling of reduced vowels, etc., etc.), grammar (grammatical forms incompatible with early Slavic languages), etc. These features seem to indicate that the text was artificially "aged" by someone with imperfect knowledge of ancient Slavic. In the words of the historian O.V. Tvorogov:  Countries where a West Slavic language is the national language  Countries where an East Slavic language is the national language  Countries where a South Slavic language is the national language The Slavic languages (also called Slavonic languages), a group of closely related languages of the Slavic peoples and a subgroup...

"This analysis leads us to a definite conclusion: we are dealing with an artificial language, "invented" by a person unacquainted with the history of Slavic languages and one who couldn't create his own.. language system." [1]

The opponents of mainstream science claim, however, that the problems with language could be attributed to local dialect variations (if the book was written or compiled from accounts of multiple people, as it is claimed by its supporters). The alphabet of the book is also a controversial issue, since the book was written using an alphabet similar to Cyrillic. The very existence of written language among Slavs prior to the introduction of Cyrillic during 10th century is still disputed. The Cyrillic alphabet (or azbuka, from the old name of the first two letters) is an alphabet used for several East and South Slavic languages; (Belarusian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Russian, Rusyn, Serbian, and Ukrainian) and many other languages of the former Soviet Union, Asia and Eastern Europe. ... No extant evidence of pre-Christian (i. ... As a means of recording the passage of time, the 10th century was that century which lasted from 901 to 1000. ...


Those who believe in authenticity of the Book of Veles claim that all the criticism can be successfully countered, arguing for instance that language errors could occur during transcription of the text. They also claim that a forgery of such authenticity would require greater talent than Mirolyubov had, and that there was no personal gain for him, apart from nationalistic pride, in forging the book.


As long as the original planks are lost, there will probably never be a consensus about the book's authenticity among amateurs. There is a possibility that future discoveries of artifacts from pre-Christian era of Slavic lands will either support or contradict the facts from the Book of Veles, thus either confirming or disproving its authenticity.


The planks

The Germanic languages and Slavic languages have a common word related to writing (English "book", German "Buch", Russian and Bulgarian "буква" (bukva)—"letter") which is cognate to beech, and so it was conjectured that the earliest writings were carved on beech wood. [citation needed] On the other hand, the Slavic word "bukva" may be a borrowing from Gothic, where "boka" also means letter. This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...  Countries where a West Slavic language is the national language  Countries where an East Slavic language is the national language  Countries where a South Slavic language is the national language The Slavic languages (also called Slavonic languages), a group of closely related languages of the Slavic peoples and a subgroup... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... A chained book in the Bodleian Library at Oxford University A Chinese bamboo book, in a collection at the University of California, Riverside. ... Cognate (Latin: cognatus co+gnatus, ie. ... Species Fagus crenata - Japanese Beech Fagus engleriana - Chinese Beech Fagus grandifolia - American Beech Fagus hayatae - Taiwan Beech Fagus japonica - Japanese Blue Beech Fagus longipetiolata - South Chinese Beech Fagus lucida - Shining Beech Fagus mexicana - Mexican Beech or Haya Fagus orientalis - Oriental Beech Fagus sylvatica - European Beech Beech (Fagus) is a genus... Species Fagus crenata - Japanese Beech Fagus engleriana - Chinese Beech Fagus grandifolia - American Beech Fagus hayatae - Taiwan Beech Fagus japonica - Japanese Blue Beech Fagus longipetiolata - South Chinese Beech Fagus lucida - Shining Beech Fagus mexicana - Mexican Beech or Haya Fagus orientalis - Oriental Beech Fagus sylvatica - European Beech Beech (Fagus) is a genus...


The Book of Veles was the first such text written on wooden planks ever found; recently, more such texts have been found, notably the birch bark writings of Novgorod. Birch bark, however and curiously enough, is not considered by most experts to be a wooden plank. Birch-bark letter no. ... Velikiy Novgorod (Russian: ) is the foremost historic city of North-Western Russia, situated on the M10(E95) federal highway connecting Moscow and St. ...


The planks were 38 cm wide, 22 cm tall and about 0.5 cm thick. The edges and surfaces of the planks are uneven and near the top there are two holes for joining the planks. The text is carved into the planks and later covered with some coloring. Text alignment lines (roughly straight and parallel) are drawn across the planks and the tops of letters are aligned with these lines. The text is written below the lines, rather than above. The size and shape of the letters are different, suggesting that more than one person wrote the text. Some planks were partially or mostly rotten. A centimetre (American spelling centimeter, symbol cm) is a unit of length that is equal to one hundredth of a metre, the current SI base unit of length. ... The aviation term ROT stands for rate one turn. ...


History of the book's discovery according to Mirolyubov

In 1919, a Lieutenant of the White Russian Army, Fedor Arturovich Izenbek found a bunch of wooden planks written in strange script in a looted mansion of Kurakins near Kharkov. After the defeat of the Army, Isenbeck emigrated to Belgrade where in 1923 he unsuccessfully tried to sell the planks to the Belgrade library and museum. In 1925 he settled in Brussels where he gave the planks to Yuriy P. Mirolyubov, who was the first to study them seriously. Izenbek treated the planks very carefully, did not allow them to be taken out of his house and refused a suggestion by a professor of University of Brussels to hand them over for studying. Later this refusal to permit others to study these texts would lead people to suspect them as forgeries. Year 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... Lieutenant is a military, naval, paramilitary, fire service or police officer rank. ... White army may refer to: The military arm of the White movement, a loose coalition of anti-Bolshevik forces in the Russian Civil War The Saudi Arabian National Guard The National Guard of Kuwait This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise... Prince Boris Ivanovich Kurakin (Борис Иванович Куракин in Russian) (7. ... Kharkov (rus: Ха́рьков) or Kharkiv (ukr: Ха́рків) is the second largest city in Ukraine, a center of Kharkivska oblast. It is situated in the northeast of the country and has a population of two million. ... Belgrade (Serbian: Београд or Beograd  ) is the capital and largest city of Serbia. ... {{year nav|1939 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... Belgrade (Serbian: Београд or Beograd  ) is the capital and largest city of Serbia. ... 1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... Nickname: The Capital Of Europe, Comic City City of a 100 Museums[] Map showing the location of Brussels in Belgium Coordinates: Country Belgium Region Brussels-Capital Region Founded 979 Founded (Region) June 18, 1989  - Mayor (Municipality) Freddy Thielemans Area    - City 162 (Region) km²  (62. ... The University of Brussels can refer to three universities in Brussels, Belgium: Université Libre de Bruxelles or ULB Vrije Universiteit Brussel or VUB Katholieke Universiteit Brussel or KU Brussel This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Forgery is the process of making or adapting objects or documents (see false document), with the intention to deceive. ...


For fifteen years Mirolyubov restored, photographed, transcribed (as photographs proved to be unreadable) and finally translated the text. He managed to transcribe most of the planks. For the Juanes song, see Fotografía. ...


In August 1941 Germans occupied Brussels, Izenbek died and the planks were lost. Some think that the Germans took the planks to their (Ahnenerbe) archive, and then were moved to England at the end of World War II to be stored near Aldershot or Crookham to this day. Much of the Ahnenerbe archive seems to have been captured by Soviet forces, in which case the planks would likely have ended up in secret KGB archives instead. Others believe that the planks were burned in a fire. For the movie, see 1941 (film). ... Emblem The Nazi Deutsches Ahnenerbe – Studiengesellschaft für Geistesurgeschichte was founded by Heinrich Himmler, Hermann Wirth, and Walter Darré on July 1, 1935 as a research foundation. ... Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: God Save the King/Queen Capital London (de facto) Largest city London Official language(s) English (de facto) Unification    - by Athelstan AD 927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq mi  Population    - 2006 est. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... This does not cite its references or sources. ... Crookham can refer to several villages in England: Church Crookham, Hampshire Crookham, Berkshire Crookham, Northumberland Crookham Village, Hampshire This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... The KGB emblem and motto: The sword and the shield KGB (transliteration of КГБ) is the Russian-language abbreviation for Committee for State Security, (Russian: ; Komitet Gosudarstvennoy Bezopasnosti). ...


Mirolyubov emigrated to the United States and passed the materials in 1953 to professor A. A. Kurenkov (Kur) who then published them in the magazine Zhar-Ptica from March 1957 until May 1959. Later the text was studied by S. Paramonov (Lesnoi). 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Excerpts

Plank 2/B

We were forced to retreat to woods and live as hunters and fishermen. So we could
get away from danger. We survived one darkness and started to build cities
and houses everywhere. After the second darkness there was great frost and we moved
to south for many places there were grassy ... and then Romei were taking our cattle
at a good price and were true to their word. We went
to southern ... greengrassland and had a lot of cattle ...
Area under Roman control  Roman Republic  Roman Empire  Western Empire  Eastern Empire Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew from a city-state founded on the Italian Peninsula circa the 9th century BC to a massive empire straddling the Mediterranean Sea. ...


From Plank 7/A

Enemies are not as numerous as we are, for we are Russians and they are not.


Plank 11/A

We pray and bow to the first Triglav and to him we sing a great glory.
We praise Svarog, grandfather of gods who is to whole gods' kin forefather
and creator of everything living, eternal spring that flows in the summer
and everywhere and in winter and never it freezes. And with that living wather he nourishes
and life gives to us until we reach the blessed fields of paradise. And to god Perun, the thunderer, god of battle and fight we say:
"You hold us in life by neverending turning of the circle and lead to path
of Prav through battles to Great Trizn". And all who got killed in the battle -
may they live forever in the Perun's regiment. To god Svetovid glory we
are exalting for he is the god of Prav and Jav and to him we sing the song for he is the light
with which we see the world. We are looking and in Jav we are, and he from Nav
guards us and therefore praise we sing him. We sing and dance to him and call
god of ours to Earth, Sun and stars constantly in light keeps.
And glory all to Svetovid, god of ours that
hearts ours opens for us to admit bad deeds ours
and to good we turn. May he hug us like children for this has been said:
what is created with half of the mind could not be seen,
for it is a great secret how can Svarog be at the same time both Perun and Svetovid.
Two beings in skies Belobog and Crnobog are
And both of them Svarog holds and commands them.
After them come Hors, Veles and Stribog and then Visenj, Lelj and Letic.
Triglav (three headed) is a god or complex of gods in Slavic mythology, similar in nature to the Trinity in Christianity or Trimurti in Hinduism. ... In Slavic mythology, Svarog (Polish: Swaróg, Cyrillic: Сварог, Wendish: Schwayxtix) is the Slavic god and spirit of fire; his name means bright and clear. ... Paradise, by Jan Bruegel The word paradise is derived from the Avestan word pairidaeza (a walled enclosure), which is a compound of pairi- (around), a cognate of the Greek peri-, and -diz (to create, make), a cognate of the English dough. ... In Slavic mythology, Perun (with many spelling and pronunciation variants among modern Slavic languages) is the highest god of the pantheon and the god of thunder and lightning. ... Yav (Jav), Prav and Nav are three worlds in old Slavic religion. ... A regiment is a military unit, consisting of a variable number of battalions - - commanded by a colonel. ... Image:SwiatowidZbrucz. ... JAV can mean: Japanese Adult Video Jason Voss Category: ... Prism splitting light Light is electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength that is visible to the eye (visible light) or, in a technical or scientific context, electromagnetic radiation of any wavelength[1]. The elementary particle that defines light is the photon. ... Nav can refer to: Jav, Prav and Nav Net asset value Norton AntiVirus See also: NAV Category: ... Adjectives: Terrestrial, Terran, Telluric, Tellurian, Earthly Atmosphere Surface pressure: 101. ... The Sun is the star at the center of the Solar System. ... This article is about the astronomical object. ... In Slavic mythology, Belabog (alternately Bialbog, Byelobog, Bielobog, Belun, Bylun) (bel-oh-bog | byal-bog | bel-oon, from Slavic bel, byal (white or light) and bog (god), literally meaning White God) is a solar deity in the Slavic pantheon. ... Crnobog (The Black God) or Pya is the god of night and darkness in Slavic mythology, and the waning year in opposition to Belobog, the White God of the waxing year. ... Hurs or Hors is the Slavic god of the winter sun. ... Veles, Volos, Weles, or Voloh is a Slavic god, thought to be the deity of: cattle, commerce, music, divination and the underworld. ... Stribog (Strzybog, Стрибог), in the Slavic pantheon, is the god and spirit of the winds, sky and air; he is said to be the ancestor (grandfather) of the winds of the eight directions. ...


From Plank 26/B

...As time passes, we come to the blue river as time ours
is not endless. There we meet
forefathers our and mothers that in Svarga herds are grazing and trusses
fastening. Their life is just as ours, only there are no Huns nor
Greeks...
For other meanings of the word Volga see Volga (disambiguation) Волга Length 3,690 km Elevation of the source 225 m Average discharge  ? m³/s Area watershed 1. ... In Hinduism, (Sanskrit: स्वर्ग) Svarga (or Swarga) is set of nether worlds located on Mt. ... The Huns were a Turkic confederation of Central Asian equestrian nomads or semi-nomads. ...


Further reading

  • The Book of Vles or Vles knyha, trans. by Victor Kachur. Columbus, Ohio, 1973. English translation.
  • Kaganskaya, Maya. "The Book of Vles: Saga of a Forgery," Jews and Jewish Topics in Soviet and East-European Publications, # 4 (1986-1987) 3-27.

External links

  1. ^ http://janaberestova.narod.ru/kozlov.html

  Results from FactBites:
 
Book of Veles - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1432 words)
The Book of Veles (Veles Book, Vles book, Vlesbook, Isenbeck's Planks, Велесова книга, Влес книга, Влескнига, Книга Велеса, Дощечки Изенбека, Дощьки Изенбека) is claimed to be a text of ancient Slavic religion and history.
Serious scholars are unanimous in their conviction that the book is a forgery, but there is no agreement as to who created it or when it was done.
Book is written an alphabet similar to Cyrillic, whereas the very existence of written language among Slavs prior to the introduction of Cyrillic in 10th century is still otherwise disputed.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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