FACTOID # 7: The top five best educated states are all in the Northeast.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Bonneville Dam

Bonneville Lock and Dam is several dam stands for dekametre. ...dam structures that together complete a span of the Columbia River Gorge, Washington or North side Geography The Columbia River is the largest river in volume flowing into the Pacific Ocean from North America. ...Columbia River between the The United States of America — also referred to as the United States, the U.S.A., the U.S., America¹, the States, or (archaically) Columbia — is a federal republic of 50 states located primarily in central North America (with the exception of two states: Alaska and Hawaii). ...US states of State nickname: Beaver State Other U.S. States Capital Salem Largest city Portland Governor Ted Kulongoski Official languages None Area 255,026 km² (9th)  - Land 248,849 km²  - Water 6,177 km² (2. ...Oregon and This article deals with the U.S. state. ...Washington at River Mile 146.1. The dam is located 40 miles east of Mayor Tom Potter County Multnomah County Population (2003) 538,544 Time zone Pacific (UTC−8) Portland is the largest city in Oregon, and county seat of Multnomah County. ...Portland, Oregon, in what is now the The Columbia River Gorge is a spectacular canyon of the Columbia River in the Pacific Northwest of the United States. ...Columbia River Gorge National Scenic Area. The primary functions of Bonneville Lock and Dam are those of electrical power generation and river navigation. The dam was built and is managed by the United States Army Corps of Engineers logo The United States Army Corps of Engineers, or USACE, is made up of some 34,600 military men and women. ...US Army Corps of Engineers. Electrical power generated at Bonneville is distributed by the The Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) is a US self-financed federal agency headquartered in Portland, Oregon which transmits and sells wholesale electricity to Washington, Oregon, Idaho and western Montana. ...Bonneville Power Administration. Bonneville Lock and Dam is named for Army Capt. Benjamin Bonneville Benjamin Louis Eulalie de Bonneville ( April 14, 1796- 1878) was a French-born officer in the United States Army, fur trapper, and explorer in the American West. ...Benjamin Bonneville, an early explorer credited with charting much of the For other uses of the term, see Oregon Trail (disambiguation) The route of the Oregon Trail is shown in red in the western United States Ruts made by wagons on the Oregon Trail in eastern Wyoming, at Register Cliff. ...Oregon Trail.

Download high resolution version (850x572, 107 KB)South structure of Bonneville Dam on the lower Columbia River Photo Credit: Eric Guinther Capture Date: April 28, 2004 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...
Download high resolution version (850x572, 107 KB)South structure of Bonneville Dam on the lower Columbia River Photo Credit: Eric Guinther Capture Date: April 28, 2004 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Enlarge
Spillway structure at Bonneville Lock and Dam
Contents

History

The original structures: a Canal locks in England. ...lock and Hydroelectric dam diagram The waters of Llyn Stwlan, the upper reservoir of the Ffestiniog Pumped-Storage Scheme in north Wales, can just be glimpsed on the right. ...powerhouse constructed on the south (Oregon) side of Bradford Island and a A Spillway is a structure used to regulate the flow of water in conjunction with a dam, levee, or other water contol device. ...spillway on the north (Washington) side, were built by the United States Army Corps of Engineers logo The United States Army Corps of Engineers, or USACE, is made up of some 34,600 military men and women. ...Army Corps of Engineers during the The New Deal was President Franklin D. Roosevelts legislative agenda for rescuing the United States from the Great Depression. ...New Deal—started in 1933 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ...1933 and finished in 1937 was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ...1937. Prior to this damming of the river, a set of locks that were opened in 1896 moved ships around Cascades Rapids The Cascades Rapids (sometimes called Cascade Falls) is an area of rapids in the Columbia River where travelers by boat along the river were forced to either portage boats and supplies or pull boats up with ropes. ...Cascades Rapids, located several miles upstream of Bonneville (see Cascade Locks is a city located in Hood River County, Oregon. ...Cascade Locks, Oregon). Both the cascades and the old lock structure were submerged by Lake Bonneville, the reservoir that formed behind the dam. The original navigation lock at Bonneville was opened in 1938 and was, at that time, the largest single-lift lock in the world.


In his song Roll on Columbia is an American folk song written in 1941 by American folk singer Woody Guthrie, who popularized the song through his own recording of it. ...Roll on, Columbia, the folk singer, Woodrow Wilson Guthrie (July 14, 1912 - October 3, 1967), known almost universally as Woody, was a folk singer and raconteur who wrote some of Americas best-loved songs. ...Woody Guthrie, spoke of Bonneville as follows:

Bonneville Dam second powerhouse Photo Credit: Bob Heims/USACE Capture Date: September 1, 1985 Location: Bonneville Lock and Dam; Portland, Oregon File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...
Bonneville Dam second powerhouse Photo Credit: Bob Heims/USACE Capture Date: September 1, 1985 Location: Bonneville Lock and Dam; Portland, Oregon File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Enlarge
Turbines inside the second powerhouse
At Bonneville now there are ships in the locks,
The waters have risen and cleared all the rocks,
Shiploads of plenty will steam past the docks,
So roll on, Columbia, roll on.

At the time, America was in the The Great Depression was a global economic slump that began in 1929 and bottomed in 1933. ...Great Depression, and the dam's construction provided important jobs and money for the Darker red states are always part of the Pacific Northwest. ...Pacific Northwest, providing Hydropower (or waterpower) harnesses the energy of moving or falling water. ...hydropower that gave cheap energy to General Name, Symbol, Number aluminium, Al, 13 Chemical series poor metals Group, Period, Block 13 (IIIA), 3, p Density, Hardness 2700 kg/m3, 2. ...aluminum plants in the area, and enabling For other article subjects named transport see transport (disambiguation). ...transportation 188 miles up the Columbia.


A second powerhouse (and dam structure) was started in 1974 and completed in 1981. The second powerhouse was built by widening the river channel on the Washington side, creating Cascades Island between the new powerhouse and the original spillway. The combined electrical output of the two power houses at Bonneville is now over 1 million kilowatts.


Despite its world record size in 1938, Bonneville Lock became the smallest of seven locks built subsequently at different locations upstream on the Columbia and This article is about the Snake River in the northwestern United States. ...Snake Rivers; eventually a new lock was needed at Bonneville. This new structure was built on the Oregon shore, opening to ship and barge traffic in 1993.


Dimensions and statistics

Aerial view of Columbia River and Bonneville Dam Photo Credit: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Capture Date: 2003 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...
Aerial view of Columbia River and Bonneville Dam Photo Credit: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Capture Date: 2003 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Enlarge
Aerial view of spillway flanked by powerhouses, Bonneville Lock (near right) and Lake Bonneville beyond
  • First Powerhouse – Constructed in 1933-37; 313 m (1,027 ft) long; 10 generators with an output capacity of 526,700 Power kilowatt (symbol: kW) is a unit for measuring power, equal to one thousand watts. ...kW.
  • Spillway – Constructed 1933_37; 18 gates over a length of 442 m ( 1450 ft); maintains the reservoir (upriver) usually 18 m (60 ft) above the river on the downsteam side;
  • Second Powerhouse – Constructed 1974_81; 300.5 m (986 ft) long; 8 generators (plus two at fish ladders) with a total generating capacity of 558,200 kW.
  • Bonneville Lock – Constructed in 1993 at a cost of $341 million; 26 m (86 ft) wide, 206 m (675 ft) long; transit time is approx. 30 minutes.
  • Lake Bonneville – 77 km (48 mi) long reservoir on the Columbia River created by Bonneville Dam; part of the Columbia_Snake Inland Waterway.

References

  • Bonneville Lock and Dam. A National Historic Landmark Serving the Northwest. 2001. U.S. Government Printing Office, 2001_691_677. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Portland District, public information pamphlet distributed at the Bonneville Lock and Dam visitor centers.

External links

  • U.S. Army Corps of Engineers _ Bonneville Lock and Dam (https://www.nwp.usace.army.mil/op/b/)
  • Bonneville Power Administration (http://www.bpa.gov/corporate/kc/home/index.cfm)
  • Dams of the Columbia Basin & Their Effects on the Native Fishery (http://www.ccrh.org/comm/river/dams.htm)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Bonneville Dam - definition of Bonneville Dam in Encyclopedia (641 words)
Bonneville Lock and Dam is several dam structures that together complete a span of the Columbia River between the US states of Oregon and Washington at River Mile 146.1.
Bonneville Lock and Dam is named for Army Capt. Benjamin Bonneville, an early explorer credited with charting much of the Oregon Trail.
The original structures: a lock and powerhouse constructed on the south (Oregon) side of Bradford Island and a spillway on the north (Washington) side, were built by the Army Corps of Engineers during the New Deal—started in 1933 and finished in 1937.
Bonneville - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (191 words)
Bonneville Salt Flats is the name of an ancient lake bed in Utah.
Bonneville Lock and Dam is the name of a dam structure built across the Columbia River, on the border between Washington and Oregon.
Bonneville crater is a Martian crater visited by the Mars Exploration Rover in 2004.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m