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Encyclopedia > Bongo drum
Bongos

Bongo drums or bongos are a percussion instrument made up of two small drums attached to each other. The drums are of different size: the larger drum is called a hembra (Spanish: female), the smaller drum is called a macho (Spanish: male). Someone who plays the bongos is called a bongocero. [1] File links The following pages link to this file: Bongo Categories: Images with unknown source ... File links The following pages link to this file: Bongo Categories: Images with unknown source ... Percussion redirects here. ... For other uses, see Drum (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Female (disambiguation). ... This article is about the Male sex. ...

Contents

Origin and history

The Atlantic slave trade brought bongos to South America from Africa. The history of bongo drumming can be traced to the Cuban music styles known as Changui and Son. These styles first developed in eastern Cuba (Oriente province) in the late 19th century. Initially, the bongo had heads which were tacked and tuned with a heat source. By the 1940s, metal tuning lugs developed to facilitate easier tuning. Some of the first recordings of the bongo can be heard performed by the groups Sexteto Habanero, Sexteto Boloña and Septeto Nacional. The Atlantic slave trade, also known as the Transatlantic slave trade, was the trade of African persons supplied to the colonies of the New World that occurred in and around the Atlantic Ocean. ... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... Changui is a style of Cuban music which originated in the early 19th century in the eastern region of Guantánamo Province. ... Son is a style of Cuban music which became popular in the second half of the 19th century in the eastern province of Oriente. ... The 1940s decade ran from 1940 to 1949. ... Septeto Nacional (National Septet), for its actual name Septeto Nacional de Ignacio Piñeiro. ...


It is believed that bongos evolved from the Abakua drum trio 'Bonko' and its lead drum 'Bonko Enmiwewos'. These drums are still a fundamental part of the Abakua Religion in Cuba. If joined with a wooden peck in the middle, such drums would look much like the bongos we know today.


During the 1950-1960s, bongos were associated with the Beatniks who would use them to provide accents during pauses in poetry read in coffeehouses. Beatnik is a media stereotype that borrowed the most superficial aspects of the Beat Generation literary movement of the 1950s to present a distorted (and sometimes violent), cartoon-like misrepresentation of the real-life people and the spirituality found in Jack Kerouacs autobiographical fiction. ...


Types of bongos

The two small drums that make up Bongos are typically made of wood, metal, or composite materials, attached by a thick piece of wood. The drum head can be made of animal skin or it can be synthetic. Some bongoceros prefer the sound of X-ray Film as the head on the macho. For other uses, see Wood (disambiguation). ... Modern leather-making tools Leather is a material created through the tanning of hides, pelts and skins of animals, primarily cows. ... Synthetic fibres are the result of extensive research by scientists to increase and improve upon the supply of naturally occurring animal and plant fibres that have been used in making cloth and rope. ...


Bongo-like drums with ceramic bodies and goatskin or rawhide heads are found in Morocco where they are known as tbila, as well as in Egypt and other Middle Eastern countries. They can sometimes be found accompanying flamenco and other traditional Spanish music, partially because of the Moorish influence in Spain. Ceramic bongos are more common in the Middle East and Asia than they are in South America; this is because wooden bongos were brought to Cuba during the slave trade. A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ... Flamenco is a Spanish musical genre with strong, rhythmic undertones and is often accompanied with a similarly impassioned style of dance characterized by its powerful yet graceful execution, as well as its intricate hand and footwork. ...

Bongos being played

Bongo drums being played. ... Bongo drums being played. ...

Playing technique

Bongo drums produce high-pitched sounds, and should be held between the knees with the larger drum on the right. They are traditionally played by striking the drumheads with the fingers and palms, although some contemporary compositions require sticks or brushes. Bongos can also be muted by placing part of the hand on top of the head while striking it at the same time. In Cuban music, bongos are usually played by the same musician as the cowbell (Spanish: cencerro). These drums can also be played on a stand, as is the case with concert orchestras and bands. Pitch is the perceived fundamental frequency of a sound. ... For other uses, see Knee (disambiguation). ... A drumhead is a membrane stretched over one or both of the open ends of a drum. ... Musical composition is a phrase used in a number of contexts, the most commonly used being a piece of music. ... A pair of drum sticks. ... For other uses, see Brush (disambiguation). ... The cowbell is a percussion instrument. ...


They have also become a popular instrument among soundtrack writers for movies and television, because of their versatility and high-pitched sounds. For other uses see film (disambiguation) Film refers to the celluliod media on which movies are printed Film — also called movies, the cinema, the silver screen, moving pictures, photoplays, picture shows, flicks, or motion pictures, — is a field that encompasses motion pictures as an art form or as...


See also

DK Bongos DK Bongos are drum-like controllers for the Nintendo GameCube game series Donkey Konga, Donkey Konga 2, Donkey Konga 3, and Donkey Kong: Jungle Beat. ... A game controller is an input device used to control a video game. ... The Nintendo GameCube (GCN) is Nintendos fourth home video game console, belonging to the sixth generation era. ... Game console redirects here. ...

External links

  • Bongo Mania article
  • Collection of Bongo Videos
  • Worldwide Bongo Group
  • Pictures of the tbila

  Results from FactBites:
 
bongo drum set from ADC Drums (314 words)
You have chosen to visit the website of the uk’s most experienced bongo drum set provider serving industry throughout the uk and Europe.
ADC Drums have been established since 1993 and was formed to serve the drumming industry in the Merseyside area.
If you make a purchase on our website for bongo drum set we will ensure the service is of the highest standard and easy to use as you can use our secure online payment system.
how to change a head (re-skin) a conga or bongo drum (544 words)
Bongo heads are easier to position, but the heads are damaged more easily too, during the trimming process.
The next day, or when your drum head feels dry to the touch, tune it up the rest of the way, and go for it.
If you take good care of your drums, you won't have to change the heads very often, with the possible exception of the macho head on your bongos.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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