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Encyclopedia > Bong
See also: Bong (disambiguation)

A bong, also commonly known as a water pipe, is a smoking device, generally used to smoke cannabis, tobacco, or other substances.[1][2] The construction of a bong and its principle of action is similar to that of the hookah, which is also called "water pipe." Smoking a bong contrasts with smoking a pipe or cigarette in two major ways: bongs cool the smoke before it enters the user’s lungs (making it easier to smoke), and a large amount of smoke is inhaled quickly as opposed to the smaller, more frequent, inhalations of pipe and cigarette smoking. Bong may refer to: Bong, a device used for smoking cannabis, tobacco, or other substances Bong Coo, a Filipino bowler Bong cooler, a cooling device Bong County, Liberia Doctor Bong, a fictional character from the Marvel Comics universe Bong game, a radio game show Bong Joon-ho, a South Korean... Cannabis, also known as marijuana[1] or ganja (Hindi: गांजा),[2] is a psychoactive product of the plant Cannabis sativa. ... Shredded tobacco leaf for pipe smoking Tobacco can also be pressed into plugs and sliced into flakes Tobacco is an agricultural product processed from the fresh leaves of plants in the genus Nicotiana. ... Egyptian hookah Hookah (Hindi: , Urdu: hukka) or shisha (Arabic: ‎, Hebrew: נרגילה) or (Turkish:nargile) is a single or multi-stemmed (often glass-based) water pipe device for smoking. ... G. H. Hardy smoking a pipe of tobacco A smoking pipe is a device used for smoking tobacco. ... A variety of metal pipes. ... Unlit filtered cigarettes. ... The heart and lungs (from an older edition of Grays Anatomy) The lung is an organ belonging to the respiratory system and interfacing to the circulatory system of air-breathing vertebrates. ...

Contents

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (341x687, 110 KB) Summary from nl:Wikipedia Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Bong Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create or digitize it. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (341x687, 110 KB) Summary from nl:Wikipedia Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Bong Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create or digitize it. ...

Etymology

The word bong is an adaptation of the Thai word baung (Thai: บ้อง /bɔːŋ/),[3] a cylindrical wooden tube, pipe, or container cut from bamboo, and which also refers to the bong used for smoking. Bongs have been in use, primarily by the Hmong, in Laos and Thailand, for centuries. One of the earliest recorded uses of the word in Western literature dates to a piece in the January 1971 issue of the Marijuana Review.[4] An even earlier reference, the McFarland Thai-English Dictionary, published in 1944 describes one of the meanings of bong in the Thai language as, "a bamboo waterpipe for smoking kancha, tree, hashish, or the hemp-plant." For other uses, see Wood (disambiguation). ... Look up Tube in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... PIPE can refer to PIPE (explosive) PIPE Networks Private Investment in Public Equity (PIPE) Physical Interface for PCI Express (PIPE) For other meanings, see also pipe. ... Packaging is the enclosing of a physical object, typically a product that will be offered for sale. ... For other uses, see Bamboo (disambiguation). ... Hmong may refer to: Hmong people, an ethnic group in China and Southeast Asia Hmong language, a cluster of closely related Hmong-Mien languages Hmong customs and culture Category: ... Year 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1971 Gregorian calendar. ...


Operation

Diagram of a bong in operation.
Diagram of a bong in operation.

To use a bong, the base of the bong pipe is filled with water or other liquids. While alcoholic beverages or oils can be used in a bong, both of these substances filter out some of the THC when the bong is used for smoking marijuana, because THC is fat-soluble and, to a lesser extent, alcohol-soluble. THC is not water-soluble, which makes water a good choice of fluid for filling a bong.[5] The substance to be smoked is packed into the bowl and ignited. Image File history File links Bong_diagram. ... Image File history File links Bong_diagram. ... Impact from a water drop causes an upward rebound jet surrounded by circular capillary waves. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... THC redirects here. ... A Cannabis sativa plant The drug cannabis, also called marijuana, is produced from parts of the cannabis plant, primarily the cured flowers and gathered trichomes of the female plant. ... The acronym THC has several possible meanings: Teens Hate Chains, a Japanese singing group Tetrahydrocannabinol, the main active ingredient in Cannabis Tetrahydrocurcuminoids, extracted from Turmeric as an active ingredient in cosmetics Texas Historical Commission Therapeutic Humane Cannabis Act Thermohaline circulation The History Channel Terminal Handling Charges This page concerning a... Solubility is a chemical property referring to the ability for a given substance, the solute, to dissolve in a solvent. ...


The user places his/her lips inside the mouthpiece, forming a seal, and inhales, causing the flame to be drawn toward the substance. An inhalation is known as a "hit", "pull" or "rip." As the user inhales, the flame is drawn towards the substance, igniting it, and the smoke which is produced travels through a hollow pipe that is attached to the bottom of the bowl. The pipe enters via an airtight stem into a vessel containing water. The smoke rises through the water, which cools the smoke, and then the smoke is trapped in the air chamber above the water. At the side (or back) of the bong, above the water level, there is usually a small air hole (nicknamed the "carburetor" or "carb"), the user covers with a finger until the material in the bowl has burnt away, then uncovers and pulls all the smoke from the bong into their lungs (called "clearing" the bong). Not all bongs use a carb, many of the high end models have a removable bowl piece which works the same as a carb. These are usually seen on glass bongs that sometimes have glass on glass connections. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...

A diagram of a carburetor hole bong. Note the hole on the left.
A diagram of a carburetor hole bong. Note the hole on the left.

Image File history File links Carborated_Water_bong_diagram2. ... Image File history File links Carborated_Water_bong_diagram2. ...

Comparison with other smoking methods

A variety of pipes and bongs for sale. In countries where marijuana is illegal, retailers often specify their use for tobacco in an attempt to circumvent laws against selling drug paraphernalia.
A variety of pipes and bongs for sale. In countries where marijuana is illegal, retailers often specify their use for tobacco in an attempt to circumvent laws against selling drug paraphernalia.

Bong advocates claim that the cooling of the smoke helps to reduce the chance of burning the mouth, airways, and lungs. The water can trap some heavier particles and the more water-soluble molecules, preventing them from entering the smoker's airways.[6] While smokers tend to believe that bongs are less damaging than other smoking methods, a 2000 NORML-MAPS study found that "water pipes filter out more psychoactive THC than they do other tars, thereby requiring users to smoke more to reach their desired effect".[7] Smoke from cannabis supplied by the NIDA was drawn through a number of smoking devices and analyzed. A smoking machine, adjusted to mimic the puff length of cannabis smokers, drew smoke through a standard bong, a small portable bong with a folding stem, a bong with a motorized paddle that thoroughly mixes the smoke with the water, and two different types of vaporizers. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3264 × 2448 pixel, file size: 8. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3264 × 2448 pixel, file size: 8. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... The National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws or NORML (pronounced normal) is a US-based non-profit corporation whose aim is, according to their most recent mission statement, move public opinion sufficiently to achieve the repeal of marijuana prohibition so that the responsible use of cannabis by adults... The Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies (MAPS) is a non-profit organization that aims to assist scientists to design, fund, obtain approval for and report on studies into the risks and benefits of MDMA, psychedelic drugs and marijuana. ... Cover of a NIDA educational booklet. ... Not to be confused with humidifier. ...


However, MAPS[8] reviewed a study that examined the effects and composition of water-filtered and non-filtered cannabis and tobacco smoke. It found that when alveolar macrophages, an important component in the lungs' immune system, were exposed to unfiltered smoke, there was a marked reduction in the macrophages' ability to fight bacteria, whereas there was no such reduction in those exposed to water-filtered smoke. It also found that there is substantial epidemiological evidence among tobacco smokers that those who smoke through water-pipes, as opposed to cigarettes, cigars, and regular pipes, have lower incidences of carcinoma. "It appears that water filtration can be effective in removing components from cannabis smoke that are known toxicants... The effectiveness of toxicant removal is related to the smoke's water contact area. Specially designed water pipes, incorporating particulate filters and gas-dispersion frits, would likely be most effective in this regard; the gas-dispersion frit serves to break up the smoke into very fine bubbles, thereby increasing its water-contact area."[9] This study suggests that a bong's smoke is less harmful than unfiltered smoke. Cannabis, also known as marijuana[1] or ganja (Hindi: गांजा),[2] is a psychoactive product of the plant Cannabis sativa. ... Tobacco smoking is the act of smoking tobacco products, especially cigarettes and cigars. ... Alveolars are consonants articulated with the tip of the tongue against the alveolar ridge, the internal side of the upper gums (known as the alveoles of the upper teeth). ... A macrophage of a mouse stretching its arms to engulf two particles, possibly pathogens Macrophages (Greek: big eaters, from makros large + phagein eat) are cells within the tissues that originate from specific white blood cells called monocytes. ... A cigarette will burn to ash on one end. ... This page is about the tobacco product; for other meanings of Cigar, see Cigar (disambiguation). ... Youth with pipe by Hendrick Jansz Terbrugghen A pipe is a tool used for smoking. ... In medicine, carcinoma is any cancer that arises from epithelial cells. ... Brown glass jars with some clear lab glassware in the background Laboratory glassware refers to a variety of equipment, traditionally made of glass, used for scientific experiments and other work in science, especially in chemistry and biology laboratories. ...


Variations

Ice bong
Ice bong

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (750x1500, 131 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Bong Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (750x1500, 131 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Bong Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create...

Ice Bong

This is a type of slide or carburetor bong made of glass or acrylic which has a twist or ice trap in the neck where ice can be added. The ice cools the smoke when the user inhales. These bongs are typically produced in bright colors, and they often have carburetor holes on the opposite side to the bowl or slightly to the left or right of that position. These tend to have larger chambers than other bong varieties, as ice is used rarely in smaller bongs. Bendix-Technico (Stromberg) 1-barrel downdraft carburetor model BXUV-3, with nomenclature A carburetor (North American spelling) or carburettor (Commonwealth spelling), is a device that blends air and fuel for an internal combustion engine. ...

An example of a large bubbler

Bubbler

A small bong where the stem is internal and the bowl is at the very top. Most of the bong is enclosed, with only a hole in the side to act as the carburetor. These operate very much like a pipe, since their internal chamber is so small, but they have identical parts to a typical bong. They are considered more pleasant to smoke out of than a regular pipe because the smoke is cooled through the water. They also do not produce the characteristic "chugging" sound of bongs when the smoke is inhaled.

A vapor-bong designed for use with medicinal herbs.
A vapor-bong designed for use with medicinal herbs.

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 260 KB) Summary Vapor-Bong After Use Of Legally Obtained Medicinal Herbs. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 260 KB) Summary Vapor-Bong After Use Of Legally Obtained Medicinal Herbs. ...

Vaporizer-Bong

("vapor-bong")


A bong that uses a box-type vaporizer or heat gun to heat up the substance that is being smoked. The vapor goes through the attachment, filters through the water, and passes through a layer of ice.


Shottie

("pull-through" or "popper")


A bong made out of a plastic bottle which replaces the bowl and stem with a tube. To use a "shottie", a small piece of tobacco is placed into the end of the tube, which is then stamped into a patch of finely ground hash or marijuana. The user then lights the substance and gently inhales, slowly filling the chamber, and then inhales violently to pull the ash and unburnt tobacco ball into the water.

A pictorial diagram of how gravity bongs (bucket bongs) operate.
A pictorial diagram of how gravity bongs (bucket bongs) operate.

Image File history File links Gravity_bong_diagram. ... Image File history File links Gravity_bong_diagram. ...

Gravity Bong

("gravs", "g-bong", "GB", "bucket" or "plunger")


A Bong which uses water to generate a slow and constant vacuum in the chamber. These bongs tend to use less material and are considerably cheaper.


Waterfall

("wf", "Sobe bong")


This bong uses a vacuum much like a gravity bong. The difference is that a gravity bong has the user pull the bong upwards to generate the vacuum, while a waterfall stays in place, and the water generates the vacuum(by exiting the device via a small hole near the bottom).


A bong may be constructed from any air- and water-tight vessel by adding a bowl and stem apparatus (a slide)[10]; there are reports of such things as videogame controllers[11] or even human skulls[12] being used as bongs.


See also

References

  1. ^ "Office of National Drug Control Policy".
  2. ^ "Contraband: The Sale of Regulated Goods on the Internet".
  3. ^ "Thai dictionary entry for baawng".
  4. ^ The text read: Many thanks to Scott Bennett for the beautiful special bong he made for my pipe collection. Text cited in bong, n.3 The Oxford English Dictionary. 2nd ed. 1989. OED Online. Oxford University Press. 20 April 2006 http://dictionary.oed.com/cgi/entry/50024920
  5. ^ Bong Science 101, retrieved 25 November 2007
  6. ^ "Marijuana Consumption: Smoking, Eating, And Drinking Marijuana".
  7. ^ "MAPS/CaNORML vaporizer and waterpipe studies".
  8. ^ Nicholas V. Cozzi, Ph.D. Effects of water filtration on marijuana smoke: a literature review
  9. ^ Nicholas V. Cozzi, Ph.D. Effects of water filtration on marijuana smoke: a literature review
  10. ^ Can a human skull be used as a bong?, retrieved 12 May 2008
  11. ^ N64 Controller Bong Combines the Two Reasons Your College GPA Sucked, retrieved 13 May 2008
  12. ^ 3 Accused of Using Corpse Head to Smoke Pot, retrieved 12 May 2008

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
  • US Patent number:, Water pipe or bong William V. Erickson et al
is the 329th day of the year (330th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 132nd day of the year (133rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 133rd day of the year (134th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 132nd day of the year (133rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the plant genus Cannabis. ... A very young cannabis seedling. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... Aerial view of illegal marijuana cultivation plot. ... There are many alternative cannabis cultivation techniques. ... Santa Cruz 4/20 celebration at Porter Meadow on UCSC campus in 2007 4:20 or 4/20 (pronounced four-twenty) is a term used in North America as a discreet way to refer to the consumption of cannabis and, by extension, a way to identify oneself with the drug... A stoner film (or stoner movie) is colloquial term referring to a subgenre of movies depicting the use and/or the users of marijuana. ... Cannabis, also known as marijuana[1] or ganja (Hindi: गांजा),[2] is a psychoactive product of the plant Cannabis sativa. ... This article is about health issues and the effects of cannabis. ... Since the 20th century, most countries have enacted laws affecting the legality of cannabis regarding the cultivation, use, possession, or transfer of cannabis for recreational use. ... A catalog page offering Cannabis sativa extract. ... Cannabis has an ancient history of ritual usage as a trance inducing drug and is found in pharmacological cults around the world. ... A bhang shop in India. ... Hashish Hashish (from Arabic: , lit. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about cannabis resin. ... Cannabis smoking is the process of inhaling the smoke created by burning cannabis, mostly either the flowering buds of, or hashish, a preparation of, the cannabis plant. ... A Dutch Master blunt A blunt is a cigar or (L) which is wider than a cigarillo and not quite as wide as a traditional cigar. ... Bowl used for smoking marijuana A bowl is a smoking apparatus, similar to a pipe, intended for inhalation of herbal and tobacco smokes, but much more commonly used for marijuana smoking. ... A dugout, sometimes called a one-hitter, chillum, Straight-shooter, Bomber, bat, batty a oney (pronounced one-knee), a pinchey, or a tote a smoke, pinger(because it makes a ping when you open it), is a device used to facilitate discreet personal use of marijuana. ... In cannabis culture, gravity bong is a term that can refer to either of two devices used for smoking cannabis that use water to create a vacuum whereby the suction created draws air through a bowl to fill the container with smoke. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A variety of metal pipes. ... In the slang of consumers of cannabis, shotgun can have one of a number of meanings. ... Not to be confused with humidifier. ... Acapulco Gold is the traditional name of a legendary potent strain of marijuana () originating in Mexico. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... Panama Red is a legendary cannabis sativa cultivar of the 1960s and 1970s, popular amongst cannabis afficiandos. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... White Widow, a week from harvest. ... Cannabis tea (also known as weed tea or pot tea) is an infusion of cannabis--usually the leaves of the plant, in hot water. ... This article is about the drink. ... The American Alliance for Medical Cannabis, or AAMC, is a pro-medical cannabis organization whose goals include patient advocacy, patient rights, and support. ... The British Legalise Cannabis Campaigns originated in the 1970s. ... The Cannabis Buyers Club was the first public medical marijuana dispensary. ... The California Cannabis Research Medical Group is a non-profit organization dedicated to educating physicians about the medical use of cannabis. ... The Drug Policy Alliance is a New York City-based non-profit organization with the principal goal of ending the American War on Drugs. Its publicly-stated goals include nationwide availability of medicinal marijuana, the creation of drug-related public health measures, ending abuses of asset forfeiture, repealing non-violent... SKY - Suomen Kannabis Yhdistys or The Finnish Cannabis Association (FCA) eller Finlands Cannabisförening (FCF) oder Finnische Cannabis Vereinigung (FCV). ... Madrid, Spain. ... Cannabis leaves The Legalise Cannabis Alliance (LCA) is a political party registered in the United Kingdom with the cannabis leaf image as its emblem. ... Law Enforcement Against Prohibition, or LEAP, is a non-profit, international, educational organization comprised of former and current police officers, government agents and other law enforcement agents who oppose the current War on Drugs. ... The Marijuana Policy Project, or MPP, is an organization in the United States working to minimize the harm associated with the drug cannabis[1]. MPP advocates taxing and regulating the possession and sale of cannabis, arguing that a regulated cannabis industry would separate purchasers from the street market for cocaine... The National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws or NORML (pronounced normal) is a US-based non-profit corporation whose aim is, according to their most recent mission statement, move public opinion sufficiently to achieve the repeal of marijuana prohibition so that the responsible use of cannabis by adults... Cannabis political parties are formal political parties set up specifically to legalize cannabis. ... Patients Out of Time, or POT, is a patient advocacy organization dedicated to educating public health professionals and the public about medical marijuana. ... Promena (Bulgarian: Промена) is an organisation in Bulgaria campaigning for reform of drug laws and freedom for marijuana users. ... The Coalition for Rescheduling Cannabis is a U.S. organization founded circa 2002 to support removal of marijuana from Schedule I of the Controlled Substances Act. ... Americans for Safe Access bills itself as the largest national grassroots coalition working to protect the rights of patients and doctors to legally use marijuana for medical purposes. ... SAFER Logo Safer Alternative For Enjoyable Recreation (SAFER) is a non-profit organization based in Denver, Colorado. ... Students for Sensible Drug Policy (SSDP) is a Washington, DC-based non-profit advocacy organization founded in 1998 by a small group of students, including Shawn Heller of George Washington University, David Epstein of American University, and Kris Lotlikar. ... The THC Ministry, founded by Roger Christie from the Religion of Jesus Church, is a religion which considers cannabis to be a sacrament. ... The Alliance for Cannabis Therapeutics is an organization supporting medical marijuana that was founded in 1981 by Robert Randall and Alice OLeary. ... The Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies (MAPS) is a non-profit organization that aims to assist scientists to design, fund, obtain approval for and report on studies into the risks and benefits of MDMA, psychedelic drugs and marijuana. ...

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