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Encyclopedia > Bonfire
A bonfire at Dartmouth College
A bonfire at Dartmouth College

A bonfire is a large controlled outdoor fire. The word is a contraction of "bone fire". The tradition is believed to derive from the Celtic festival of Samhain when animal bones were burnt to ward off evil spirits. It remains a Halloween tradition in the United States. In Great Britain, bonfires are particularly associated with Guy Fawkes Night (also known as fireworks night or bonfire night), an annual commemoration of the discovery of the The Gunpowder Plot on 5 November 1605. In Sussex they are particularly associated with the execution of Protestant martyrs. In Northern Ireland, they are associated with celebrations on the anniversary of the Battle of the Boyne, which took place on 12 July 1690. Along with the Maypole, it is an important component of the Wiccan and Neopagan celebration of Beltaine, also known as May Day. In the United States, a bonfire is often held at the end of a Homecoming rally. Bonfire is a 5 disc box set* by the Australian band AC/DC, released in 1997. ... Bonfire is a German heavy metal band which formed originally in Ingolstadt in 1972 under the name Cacumen. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1200x1600, 539 KB) Summary Bonfire at the 2004 Dartmouth bonfire. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1200x1600, 539 KB) Summary Bonfire at the 2004 Dartmouth bonfire. ... Dartmouth College is a private, coeducational university located in Hanover, New Hampshire, USA. Incorporated as Trustees of Dartmouth College,[6][7] it is a member of the Ivy League and one of the nine colonial colleges founded before the American Revolution. ... For other uses, see Fire (disambiguation). ... This article is about the European people. ... Look up Samhain in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article is about the skeletal organs. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... This article is about the holiday. ... Guy Fawkes Night (also known as Bonfire Night) is an annual celebration on the evening of the 5th of November. ... Fourth of July fireworks in San Diego, California New Years Day fireworks at Seaport Village, California Preparing fireworks at Sayn Castle 4th of July fireworks in Portland, Oregon Fireworks at Epcot Center, Florida, USA. See the Video. ... Bonfire Night can refer to a number of occasions: St. ... The Gunpowder Plot of 1605 involved a desperate but failed attempt by a group of provincial English Catholic extremists to kill King James I of England, his family, and most of the Protestant aristocracy in one fell swoop by blowing up the Houses of Parliament during the State Opening. ... is the 309th day of the year (310th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1605 was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... Sussex is a historic county in South East England corresponding roughly in area to the ancient Kingdom of Sussex. ... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... Historically, a martyr is a person who dies for his or her religious faith. ... Northern Ireland (Irish: , Ulster Scots: Norlin Airlann) is a constituent country of the United Kingdom lying in the northeast of the island of Ireland, covering 5,459 square miles (14,139 km², about a sixth of the islands total area). ... Combatants Jacobite Forces -6000 French troops, 19,000 Irish Catholic troops Williamite Forces -English, Scottish, Dutch, Danish, Huguenot and Ulster Protestant troops Commanders James VII and II William III of England Strength 25,000 36,000 Casualties ~1,500 ~750 William III (William of Orange) King of England, Scotland and... is the 193rd day of the year (194th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Giovanni Domenico Cassini observes differential rotation within Jupiters atmosphere. ... Dancing around the maypole, in Ã…mmeberg, Sweden The maypole is a tall wooden pole (traditionally of hawthorn or birch), sometimes erected with several long coloured ribbons suspended from the top, festooned with flowers, draped in greenery and strapped with large circular wreaths, depending on local and regional variances. ... For other uses, see Wicca (disambiguation). ... Neopaganism or Neo-Paganism is any of a heterogeneous group of new religious movements, particularly those influenced by ancient, primarily pre-Christian and sometimes pre-Judaic religions. ... This article is about the Gaelic holiday. ... May Day is May 1, and refers to any of several holidays celebrated on this day. ... For other uses, see Homecoming (disambiguation). ...


On Christmas Eve in Southern Louisiana, bonfires are built along the Mississippi River levees to light the way for Santa Claus as he moves along the river with his skiff pulled by eight alligators. This tradition is an annual event in St. James Parish, Louisiana.[1] For the river in Canada, see Mississippi River (Ontario). ... A typical depiction of Santa Claus. ... For other uses, see Alligator (disambiguation). ... St. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ...

Contents

International variants

In many regions of continental Europe, bonfires are made traditionally on 24 June, which is, for Roman Catholics, the solemnity of John the Baptist, but as well on saturday-night before easter. The rite is, however, older, and originally was a pagan celebration of the summer solstice and hence celebrated as "midsummer" on 21 June. is the 175th day of the year (176th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... A Solemnity of the Roman Catholic Church observes an event in the life of Jesus, Mary, and the saints, beginning on the evening prior to actual date. ... St. ... Pagan and heathen redirect here. ... “Summer solstice” redirects here. ... Midsummer may refer to the period of time centered upon the summer solstice and the diverse celebrations of it around the world, but more often refers to European celebrations that accompany the summer solstice, or to Western festivals that take place in June and are usually related to Saint John... is the 172nd day of the year (173rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


In Denmark, the bonfires are held on the night of the 23rd of June, combined with the burning of a witch made from straw and clothes.


In Ireland, bonfires are always held on the night of 31st October to celebrate Halloween. This article is about the holiday. ...


In Iceland, bonfires are traditional on New Year's Eve, and on January 6, which is the last day of the Icelandic Christmas season. For other articles with similar names, see New Year (disambiguation). ... is the 6th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...


In Japan, large fires called bon-bi are set to welcome the return of the spirits of the ancestors. Though the two terms are not etymologically or historically related, they serve similar purposes and indicate the universal importance of large fires.


In Israel, in the eve of Lag Ba'Omer, youngsters and their parents light bonfires in open spaces in cities and towns throughout the country. One knows that Lag Ba'Omer is drawing near when children begin collecting wood boards, old doors, and anything made from wood that can burn. This happens from a week to 10 days before Lag Ba'Omer. As Lag Ba'Omer approaches, the situation gets to the point where building contractors have to employ extra night watchmen to make sure that wooden planks and scaffolding are not taken by the eager youngsters. And, of course, the fire department is kept very busy on Lag Ba'Omer eve when the bonfires are lit and where the danger exists of fires getting out of control. Lag Baomer (Israeli and Ashkenazi) or Lag Laomer (Sephardi) is a Jewish holiday celebrated on the thirty-third day of the counting of the Omer which is on the 18th of Iyar. ...


The bonfire is part of a ritual of purification and consecration. In ancient times, cattle, important symbols of wealth and status, were led through the smoke of a bonfire. Couples who were to be wed on May Day would leap through the flames of the bonfire to seal their vows. Coals from a bonfire would be taken home to light the fires in family hearths, a practice thought to bring good fortune. It was also believed that the residents of the Faery realm were incapable of producing fire themselves; embers of bonfires would be carried to the underworld and tended there. For general information about the genus, including other species of cattle, see Bos. ... Marriage is an interpersonal relationship with governmental, social, or religious recognition, usually intimate and sexual, and often created as a contract, or through civil process. ... Coal Coal (IPA: ) is a fossil fuel formed in swamp ecosystems where plant remains were saved by water and mud from oxidization and biodegradation. ... In common historic and modern usage, a hearth (Har-th) is a brick- or stone-lined fireplace or oven used for cooking and/or heating. ... This article is about fortune. ... In mythology and in fiction, Faerie (also Faery) is an otherworldly realm, home to the Fae or fairies. ... For other uses, see Underworld (disambiguation). ...


Nine woods are placed into a traditional Wiccan balefire. These woods are Birch (representing The Goddess, or female energy), Oak (representing The God, or male energy) Hazel (representing Knowledge and wisdom) Rowan (Mountain Ash) (representing Life) Common Hawthorn (representing Purity and fairy magick) Willow (representing Death),Fir (representing (Birth and rebirth), Apple (representing Love and family), and Vine. In some regions, superstition, religious belief, or tradition prohibits the cutting of certain trees, most notably in Witchcraft customs the Elder tree; "Elder be ye Lady's tree, burn it not or cursed ye'll be" --A rhyme from an Oral Tradition. For the book series Wicca see Sweep (book series) and Circle Of Three. ... Species Many species; see text and classification Birch is the name of any tree of the genus Betula, in the family Betulaceae, closely related to the beech/oak family, Fagaceae. ... Species See List of Quercus species The term oak can be used as part of the common name of any of several hundred species of trees and shrubs in the genus Quercus (from Latin oak tree), and some related genera, notably Cyclobalanopsis and Lithocarpus. ... This article is about the tree; for other meanings of hazel, see Hazel (disambiguation). ... Species Sorbus subgenus Sorbus Sorbus aucuparia - European Rowan Sorbus americana - American mountain ash Sorbus cashmiriana - Kashmir Rowan Sorbus commixta - Japanese Rowan Sorbus decora - Showy mountain ash Sorbus glabrescens - White-fruited Rowan Sorbus hupehensis - Hubei Rowan Sorbus matsumurana Sorbus sargentiana - Sargents Rowan Sorbus scalaris - Ladder Rowan Sorbus sitchensis - Sitka mountain... Binomial name Crataegus monogyna Jacq. ... Species About 350, including: Salix acutifolia - Violet Willow Salix alaxensis - Alaska Willow Salix alba - White Willow Salix alpina - Alpine Willow Salix amygdaloides - Peachleaf Willow Salix arbuscula - Mountain Willow Salix arbusculoides - Littletree Willow Salix arctica - Arctic Willow Salix atrocinerea Salix aurita - Eared Willow Salix babylonica - Peking Willow Salix bakko Salix barrattiana... FIR may stand for: finite impulse response (a property of some digital filters) far infrared, i. ... This article is about the fruit. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


Gallery

See also

The 1993 Aggie Bonfire; the relative size of the wedding cake-style structure can be seen in comparison to the people standing at its base. ... Need-fire, or Wild-fire (Ger. ... The event is named after its Saturday night ritual, the burning of a wooden effigy. ... For other uses, see Fire (disambiguation). ... Worship or deification of fire is known from various religions. ... Bonfire Rally (California) - A Big Game bonfire practiced by the students at UC Berkeley Category: ... Members of the Lewes Borough Bonfire Society parade behind their banner wearing blue and white smugglers colours, as part of the torchlit procession on Bonfire Night in Lewes, Sussex. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Bonfire
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  Results from FactBites:
 
Bonfire Shelter (490 words)
Bonfire Main Plunge of Death The Land and its Caretakers Explore Bonfire Investigations Archeology What the Bones Say Archeologists Artifact Gallery Credits and Sources
Archeologists from The University of Texas at Austin partially excavated Bonfire Shelter in 1963-64 during the extensive research that preceded the construction of the nearby Amistad Reservoir.
Twenty years later, in 1983-1984, another group of archeologists from UT Austin returned to Bonfire to further investigate deeply buried bone bed deposits containing the remains of now-extinct Pleistocene mammals including horse, bison, camel, mammoth, and antelope.
Guy Fawkes and Bonfire Night (341 words)
The Plot was foiled in the night between the 4th and 5th of November 1605.
Still today, some communities throw dummies of both Guy Fawkes and the Pope on the bonfire (and even those of a contemporary politician or two), although the gesture is seen by most as a quirky tradition, rather than an expression of hostility towards the Pope.
The extent of the celebrations and the size of the bonfire varies from one community to the next.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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