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Encyclopedia > Bombay Mutiny

The Bombay Mutiny was the mutiny of the Royal Indian Navy in Bombay (Mumbai) harbour on 21 February 1946. The crews of several Royal Indian Navy ships mutinied as part of the demands for early independence from the British Empire. Mutiny is the crime of conspiring to disobey orders that the mutineer is legally obliged to obey, for example by crew members of a ship. ... Bharatiya Nau Sena:-The Indian Navy is one of the worlds largest navies. ... This article or section should be merged with Mumbai Mumbai (previously known as Bombay) is the worlds most populous conurbation, and is the sixth most populous agglomeration in the world. ... February 21 is the 52nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... The British Empire was, at one time, the foremost global power, and the most extensive empire in the history of the world. ...


After the Second World War, three officers of the Indian National Army (I.N.A.), General Shah Nawaz Khan, Colonel Prem Sehgal and Colonel Gurbux Singh Dhillon were put on trial at the Red Fort in Delhi for 'waging war against the King Emperor', i.e. the British sovereign. The three defendants were defended by Jawaharlal Nehru, Bhulabhai Desai and others based on the defence that they should be treated as prisoners of war as they were not paid merceneraries but bona fide soldiers of a legal government, the Provisional Government of Free India, or the Arzi Hukumate Azad Hind. Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... The Indian National Army or Azad Hind Fauj was an auxiliary force to the Imperial Japanese Army in its southern mainland campaign during the Second World War. ... Geneva Convention definition A prisoner of war (POW) is a soldier, sailor, airman, or marine who is imprisoned by an enemy power during or immediately after an armed conflict. ... In law, good faith (in Latin, bona fides) is the mental and moral state of honest, even if objectively unfounded, conviction as to the truth or falsehood of a proposition or body of opinion, or as to the rectitude or depravity of a line of conduct. ... Flag of the Provisional Government of Free India. ...


As part of the generalised protest against this trial, mutiny broke out on board the Royal Indian Navy sloop, H.M.I.S. Hindustan off Manora Island in Bombay harbour. Later, it spread to the Bahadur. Several Indian naval officers who sided with the British were thrown off the ship by ratings. Baghatur. ...


In response the officers of the British Royal Artillery (RA) lined up several guns on the sea front and aimed them at the predominantly Indian parts of the city. The mutiny was suppressed on 23 February. The Royal Regiment of Artillery, generally known as the Royal Artillery (RA), is, despite its name, a corps of the British Army It is made up of a number of regiments. ... February 23 is the 54th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ...


However, their action was supportied by demonstrations which included a one-day general strike in Bombay. The strike spread to other cities, and was joined by the Air Force and local police forces. Naval officers and men began calling themselves the Indian National Navy and gave left handed salutes to British officers. At some places, NCOs in the British Indian Army started ignoring orders from British superiors. In Madras and Pune, the British garrisons had to face revolts within the ranks of the British Indian Army. The Indian Army in the time of the British Raj (1857–1947) See Indian Army for the post-independence (and post-partition) army of the Republic of India. ... Madras refers to: the Indian city of Chennai, formerly known as Madras, the former Indian state, now known as Tamil Nadu (Plural of Madra): Ancient people of Iranian affinites, who lived in northwest Panjab in the Uttarapatha division of ancient India. ... Pune (पुणे in Marathi), formerly known as Punavadi and Poona (पूना by British), is located in the western Indian state of Maharashtra. ... The Indian Army in the time of the British Raj (1857–1947) See Indian Army for the post-independence (and post-partition) army of the Republic of India. ...


References

'The Bombay Mutiny, 1946', Beyond the Broadcast, BBC



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