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Encyclopedia > Bomba

Bomba is one of Puerto Rico's most famous musical styles. Although there is some controversy surrounding its origin, most agree that it is a largely African music. The rhythm and beat are played by a set of hand drums and a maraca. Dance is an integral part of the music: the dancers in move their bodies to every beat of the drum, making bomba a very wild and rich dance. Bomba is described to be a challenge between the drummer and the dancer. The dancer produces a series of gestures to which the primo drummer provides a synchronized beat. Thus, it is the drummer who attempts to follow the dancer and not the other way around. The dancer must be in great physical shape and the challenge usually continues until either the dancer or drummer discontinues. The main instruments used in bomba style music are any number of low pitched hand drums used to create a base rhythm, and a higher pitch drum which accentuates the beat with improvised patterns. Other instruments used are the palitos or cuas, which are sticks that are struck against any, usually wooden, surface. A single large Maraca usually completes the sound of bomba, though a güiro has commonly been used in orchestral arrangements. Both of these last two instruments have origins in the extinct Taino culture of the Caribbean Basin. Bomba may refer to one of the following. ... Musical genres are categories which contain music which share a certain style or which have certain elements in common. ... World map showing location of Africa A satellite composite image of Africa Africa is the worlds second_largest continent in both area and population, after Asia. ... For other uses, see Dance (disambiguation). ... Maracas are simple percussion instruments (idiophones), usually played in pairs, consisting of a dried gourd shell (cuia - kOO-ya) filled with seeds or dried beans. ... Frog shaped Guiro from Japan The güiro is a percussion instrument consisting of an open-ended, hollow gourd with parallel notches cut in one side. ... The Taíno are the pre-Hispanic Amerindian inhabitants of the Greater Antilles, which includes Cuba, Hispaniola (Haiti and the Dominican Republic), Puerto Rico, Jamaica and the Bahamas. ...

The basic music style was brought to Puerto Rico during the colonial slave trade. It originates in Ghana and Nigeria, West Africa, although the majority of slaves can be traced back to many different areas of West and Central Africa. The dance was mostly practiced at the northern, southern and western coasts of the island where the majority of Africa's descendants lived. The men use a series of pelvic thrusts while the women would swish their skirts around. In bomba shows, the typical apparel worn by the dancers is what slaves may have used in social gatherings. Men wear a white outfit and fedora hat and women wear big plantation skirts and a head scarf or bundaloo. This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... A fedora, which in this case has been pinched at the front and being worn pushed back on the head, with the front of the brim bent down over the eyes. ...

The traditional drums used in bomba are called "barriles", since they have long been built from the wood of barrels. The high pitch drum is called "subidor" or "primo", and the low pitch drums are called "buleador" and "segundo". There are several styles of bomba, and the popularity of these styles varies by region. The three most common rhythms are called "sica", "yuba" and "holandes", though there are more than 20.

So far, only Rafael Cortijo has been the only artist successful in taking bomba to the mainstream with his Combo in the 1950's and 1960's. Celia Cruz recorded bomba occasionally, her most successful recording being a bomba version of Mon Rivera's plena "A Papá Cuando Venga". Ricky Martin mixes a bit of authentic bomba rhythm with other Latino influences in his aptly-named song La Bomba. Rafael Cortijo (January 11, 1928- October 3, 1982), was a Puerto Rican musician, orquestra leader and composer. ... Celia Cruz (Úrsula Hilaria Celia Caridad Cruz Alfonso) (October 21, 1925 – July 16, 2003) was a Cuban salsa singer who spent most of her career living in New Jersey, and working in the United States and several Latin American countries. ... Mon Rivera is the common name given to two distinct Puerto Rican musicians (both born in Mayagüez), namely Monserrate Rivera Alers (originally nicknamed Rate, later referred to as Don Mon, or Mon The Elder, and sometimes credited as Ramón in songwriting credits) and his eldest son, Efraín... Plena is a traditional form of Puerto Rican music. ... Ricky Martin (born Enrique Martín Morales on December 24, 1971 in Hato Rey, San Juan, Puerto Rico), is a successful Latin American pop singer who rose to fame, first as a member of the Latin boy band Menudo, then as a solo artist since 1990. ...

External links

  • Music of Puerto Rico
  • AfroBorinquen Music (MIDI-rich)

  Results from FactBites:
UBL: artist reviews - Seks Bomba (518 words)
"Seks Bomba is a sharp and unique blend of musical styles played with passion.
Organ- fueled soul-jazz is performed with hard grooves and competence.
"Seks Bomba mixes more than just sophistication and a swank lifestyle into their music; they attack their instruments with jovial precision.
Music Genre: Bomba - Music of Puerto Rico (523 words)
Although critics are uncertain about the exact origin of the bomba, it is generally agreed that it is derived from West Africa, through the importation of slaves to Puerto Rico from that region.
Other bomba styles are named for the type of dance it is associated with, such as leró, which is a French derivative meaning "rose", in reference to the formation of the dancers that symbolized a rose.
The bomba emerged as a very important expression to the system of slavery and a form of spiritual strength.
  More results at FactBites »



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