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Encyclopedia > Bolero
Lineart drawing of a man dancing the Bolero, with castanets

The bolero is a type of dance and musical form. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 287 × 599 pixelsFull resolution‎ (441 × 921 pixels, file size: 50 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Please see the file description page for further information. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 287 × 599 pixelsFull resolution‎ (441 × 921 pixels, file size: 50 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Please see the file description page for further information. ... Bolero can mean: Bolero, a dance Bolero, an item of clothing -- a short jacket with long sleeves, normally worn by men. ... For other uses, see Dance (disambiguation). ...



Bolero is a 3/4 dance that originated in Spain in the late 18th century, a combination of the contradanza and the sevillana.[1] It is danced by either a soloist or a couple. It is in a moderately slow tempo and is performed to music which is sung and accompanied by castanets and guitars with lyrics of five to seven syllables in each of four lines per verse. It is in triple time and usually has a triplet on the second beat of each bar. A number of classical composers have written works based on this dance: Frédéric Chopin wrote a bolero for solo piano, and Maurice Ravel's Boléro is one of his most famous works, originally written as a ballet score but now usually played as a concert piece. (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... Contredanse (also contra-dance and other variant spellings) refers to several folk dance styles in which couples dance in two facing lines. ... Sevillana is a popular flamenco dance from Seville. ... In music, a solo is a piece or a section of a piece played or sung by a single performer (solo is an Italian word literally meaning alone). ... Renoirs 1909 painting Dancing girl with castanets Castanets The castanets are a percussion instrument (idiophone), much used in Moorish music, Roma music, Spanish music and Latin American music. ... For other uses, see Guitar (disambiguation). ... The time signature (also known as meter signature) is a notational convention used in Western musical notation to specify how many beats are in each measure and what note value constitutes one beat. ... In music a tuplet is a note value whose relationship with the next larger note value is more or less than (not equal to) half as long as the next higher note value, usually indicated with a horizontal (or nearly horizontal) bracket with a number. ... Classical music is a broad, somewhat imprecise term, referring to music produced in, or rooted in the traditions of, European art, ecclesiastical and concert music, encompassing a broad period from roughly 1000 to the present day. ... Chopin redirects here. ... Maurice Ravel. ... Boléro is a one-movement orchestral piece by Maurice Ravel. ...

Cuba and Mexico

In Cuba, the bolero developed into a distinct dance in duple time which eventually spread to other countries, while the dance itself gradually disappeared from Cuba, leaving behind what author Ed Morales has called the "most popular lyric tradition in Latin America".[2] The modern Cuban bolero song tradition originated in Santiago in the 19th century. The travelling, storytelling trova (or canción) tradition was major basis for the Cuban bolero, influenced by a variety of European musical styles. The trova was usually accompanied only by a guitar, and had a rootsy, Spanish sound.[3] Some musicologists also trace an influence from the traditional son music of the Mexican state of Yucatan; this is actually quite plausible, as the traditional music of this region sounds very much like the bolero, having many similarities in melody, tempo, and vocal style. Though some scholars date the bolero to the early 19th century, Ed Morales dates it to José Pepe Sánchez's Tristeza, in 1885, which popularized the term bolero and is now considered the first classic in the field.[4] The Cuban bolero traveled almost immediately to Mexico after its conception, where it became part of the repertoire of Mexican traditional music. In fact, some of the bolero's most prominent composers have come from Mexico, an example being the great Mexican composer Agustín Lara. In music, duple refers to duple meter. ... Santiago de Cuba is the capital city of Santiago de Cuba Province in the south-eastern area of the island nation of Cuba, some 540 miles (869 km) east south-east of the Cuban capital of Havana. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Tristeza is a post-rock band from San Diego, California. ... 1885 (MDCCCLXXXV) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Statue of Lara in Madrid (H. Peraza, 1975). ...

In the 1950s, sung boleros became extremely popular and have enjoyed enduring popularity as a popular song form throughout Latin America especially performed by trios like Los Panchos[5] Latin America consists of the countries of South America and some of North America (including Central America and some the islands of the Caribbean) whose inhabitants mostly speak Romance languages, although Native American languages are also spoken. ... Los Panchos (also Trío Los Panchos) is the name of an internationally known musical trio. ...

American Style ballroom

Another kind of Bolero is the American Style ballroom dance popular in the United States. It is a unique dance style combining the patterns of Rumba with the rise and fall technique and character of Waltz and Foxtrot. The music is 4/4 time, and is danced to the slowest rhythms of the Rhythm ballroom dances (which include Bolero, Rumba, ChaChaCha, Mambo, and Samba). The basic rhythm of steps in patterns, like Rumba, is Slow-Quick-Quick. Ballroom dance is a style of partner dance which originated in the western world and is now enjoyed both socially and competitively around the globe. ... Gaskell Ball Ballroom dance, refers collectively to a set of partner dances, which originated in the Western world and are now enjoyed both socially and competitively around the globe. ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles accessible from a disambiguation page. ... The Rise & Fall is the fourth album by the British ska band Madness. ... For other uses, see Waltz (disambiguation). ... This article is about the dance. ... For the dance, see Cha-cha-cha (dance). ... Mambo is a Cuban musical form and dance style. ...


  1. ^ Morales, pg. 120
  2. ^ Morales, pg. 120
  3. ^ Morales, pg. 121
  4. ^ Morales, pg. 121
  5. ^ Music of Puerto Rico - visited 6.10.2007


  • Morales, Ed (2003). The Latin Beat. Da Capo Press. ISBN 0-306-81018-2. 

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