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Encyclopedia > Bokelji
A Bokelj in traditional Bokelj clothes
A Bokelj in traditional Bokelj clothes

The Bokelj people (pl. Bokelji) are the inhabitants of the Boka Kotorska (hence the name) and adjacent regions (near the towns of Kotor, Tivat, Herceg Novi, Risan, Perast). Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Tectonics at the Bay of Kotor Boka Kotorska (Bay of Kotor, Bocche di Cattaro) in western Montenegro is a winding bay on the Adriatic sea. ... Kotor and its bay Alley in Kotor Kotor Cathedral Kotor is a town in southwestern Montenegro, population 19,000, Kotor municipality 23,481 (2003). ... Tivat is a town in southern Montenegro in the bay of Boka Kotorska, population 10,100, Tivat municipality 13,991 (2003). ... Mayor Area  - city  - municipality km² 235 km² Population  - city  - municipality 14,100 in 2003 Time zone Summer Time CET (UTC +1) CEST (UTC +2) Founded Latitude Longitude ° N ° E Area code +381 88 Car plates HN Official Website Herceg Novi is a town in southwestern Montenegro, population ca. ... Risan (Latin Rhizinium, Greek Rhizon) is the oldest settlement in the Bay of Kotor on the shores of the Adriatic sea in southern Montenegro, geographically located at 43°21′ N 18°42′ E. Lying in the innermost portion of the bay, the settlement was protected from the interior by inaccessible... Perast is an old city in Boka Kotorska, Montenegro. ...

Contents


Origin

The Bokelj designation is regional rather than ethnic. These Slavic people originated in the medieval duchy of Duklja which was one of the original principalities from which the Montenegron state evolved. Today's Bokelji are mostly MonSetenegrin and Croat. The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... Duklja in the 9th century, according to De administrando imperio Greek map of the 9th century, according to De administrando imperio Duklja (Latin: Doclea or Dioclea, after the town of Dioclea) was a vassal state of Byzantium until it won its independence in 1042, ruled by the Vojislavljevic Dynasty, located... Serbia and Montenegro  â€“ Serbia    â€“ Kosovo and Metohia        (UN administration)    â€“ Vojvodina  â€“ Montenegro Official language Serbian Capital Podgorica Former Royal Capital Cetinje President Filip Vujanović Prime Minister Milo Đukanović Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % water  13,812 km²  n/a Population  â€“ Total (2003)  â€“ Density  616,258  48. ... Croats (Croatian: Hrvati) are a south Slavic people mostly living in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and nearby countries. ...


Ethnic structure in more distant past (700 – 1300 years) is impossible to decipher invoking older historical sources, since they give contradictory "evidence" and are, to various degrees, discredited as credible sources. Old texts (Porphyrogenetus, Skylitza, Zonara, Briennius, Toma Arcidjakon, Libellus Gothorum, Ibn Idrisi, various Venetian sources (Ivan Djakon, Dandolo, ...) give contradictory pictures that describe the inhabitants of the area (which included almost entire contemporary Montenegro) as Slavs, Serbs, Montenegrins, Croats, Vlachs (Romans), ... and mixture of them. The first king of Dioclea Mihajlo (1074.-1081.) was, according to his chronicles, the Ruler of Tribals and Serbs, othersources give different designations, likethe Byzantine historian John Scylitza who refers to him as "...the ruler of those who call themselves Croats..".


As for the later period (1500s on), it is evident that Boka bay inhabitants considered themselves "Slovins" (Catholic version of nascent pan-Slavism) and when referring to themselves they used Croatian name (for instance, in famous dedication Kotor noble Maro Dragović addressed the father of Croatian philology Bartol Kašić in late 1500s). National flag of all Slavs proposed by the Pan-Slav convention in Prague in 1848 Pan-Slavism was a movement in the mid 19th century aimed at unity of all the Slavic people. ...


However, historically Dioclea came under the Serbian rule in early 13th century (Stefan Nemanja, who fled to Dioclea in 1130., was baptised in Roman rite, since there was no Eastern Orthodoxy in Dioclea in that time. See notes on denominations below). Although Serbian Orthodox proselytism was partially successful, Dioclea remained mostly Catholic up until Turkish conquest in the 15th and 16th century. There was no explicit expression of Serbian ethnic consciousness among Catholic Montenegrins (as Dioclea, then Zeta became known), particularly in large tribes of Bjelopavlovići, Piperi or Bratnožići. Early history The Serbs migrated to the Balkans during the reign of Byzantine emperor Heraclius (610-641). ...


In early 1600s, many Catholic Montenegrins were, due to lack of clergy and the privileged status of Orthodox Church within Ottoman Empire (priviled when compared to Catholic) shifted their denominational allegiances to the Orthodox (mostly) and Islamic faith. This can be seen in the letter of Juraj Vusković from 1633., a native from Montenegro, who wrote on this matter to the Roman Inst. of St. Jerome, upon revisiting his home country. During Turkish oppression in 1648.-, many Catholics converted to Islam, particularly in Bar and Herceg Novi. Islām is described as a dÄ«n, meaning way of life and/or guidance. ... For other uses see: Jerome (disambiguation) Jerome (about 340 - September 30, 420), (full name Eusebius Sophronius Hieronymus) is best known as the translator of the Bible from Greek and Hebrew into Latin. ...


When ethnic-religious strife culminated in 1709 and later ("istraga poturica"), many Montenegrin Muslims fled to Bosnia and Herzegovina. The dominant ethnic surname among them was almost exclusively referring to Croat ancestry (Hrvat, Harvat, Arvat = Croat): Hrvat, Hrvo, Hrvačić, Arvat, Arvatović etc. In the Sokolović area near Rudo in eastern Bosnia lived even in 1932 ten Muslim families with surname Hrvat whose ancestors had emigrated from Montenegro. The similar situation was in Rogatica, Tuzla, Zvornik,.., with onomastic tags as: Arvati (Tuzla-Konjuh, Gračanica, Zvornik), mahalas Hrvati (Lukavac, Tuzla), Rvacka (two villages in Sandžak), Hrvatin (near Novi Pazar in Raška). // Events January 12 - Two-month freezing period begins in France - The coast of the Atlantic and Seine River freeze, crops fail and at least 24. ... 1932 (MCMXXXII) is a leap year starting on a Friday. ... Ja živim u Rogatica. ... Tuzla city shield Municipality of Tuzla (marked green) Tuzla is a city in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... // CITY IS OCCUPIED BY THE SERB TERRORISTS SINCE 1992. ... This page is about a region in Serbia and Montenegro; for districts of the Ottoman Empire, see Sanjak. ... Novi Pazar (Нови Пазар) is a city located in Serbia and Montenegro at 43. ... Raška (Raschka, Rascia, Rassa) was the central and most successful medieval Serbian state (or župa, area ruled by a župan) that unified neighboring Serbian tribes into the main medieval Serbian state in Balkans. ...


As for Boka bay, it's even more unimaginable that Serbs would be dominant ethnic element, considering that the majority of populace simply became Montenegrins due to conversion to Orthodoxy in the hinterland — a process that lasted more than 5 centuries.


The Catholics constituted the majority up to the 2nd half of the 19th century, but according to some opinions were mostly descendants of converts during Venetian rule. Also, having in mind that the entire region of Boka bay and the great part of Montenegro had remained Catholic for centuries after the East-West Christian split in 11th century, some historians claim that the majority of Orthodox people in the region are converts from Catholicism, creating a new ethnic-religious landscape of the area, especially after the expulsion of Islamized inhabitants in the 18th century. Serbia and Montenegro  â€“ Serbia    â€“ Kosovo and Metohia        (UN administration)    â€“ Vojvodina  â€“ Montenegro Official language Serbian Capital Podgorica Former Royal Capital Cetinje President Filip Vujanović Prime Minister Milo Đukanović Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % water  13,812 km²  n/a Population  â€“ Total (2003)  â€“ Density  616,258  48. ...


Population

The three counties making up Boka Kotorska have a total population of 71,443 which has about 76% Orthodox and 11% Catholics: Separate articles treat Eastern Orthodox Christianity and Orthodox Judaism. ...

  • Kotor 23,481: 78% Orthodox, 13% Roman Catholic
  • Tivat 13,991: 65% Orthodox, 23% Catholic

Large numbers of Bokelji emigrated to the Dalmatian islands of Brac, Hvar, Korcula and the city of Dubrovnik. Kotor and its bay Alley in Kotor Kotor Cathedral Kotor is a town in southwestern Montenegro, population 19,000, Kotor municipality 23,481 (2003). ... Tivat is a town in southern Montenegro in the bay of Boka Kotorska, population 10,100, Tivat municipality 13,991 (2003). ... Mayor Area  - city  - municipality km² 235 km² Population  - city  - municipality 14,100 in 2003 Time zone Summer Time CET (UTC +1) CEST (UTC +2) Founded Latitude Longitude ° N ° E Area code +381 88 Car plates HN Official Website Herceg Novi is a town in southwestern Montenegro, population ca. ... Brač is a Croatian island in the Adriatic Sea, with an area of 396 km², making it the third largest island in the Adriatic, and thus the largest in Dalmatia. ... A view of the city of Hvar from the Castle A view of Stari Grad on Hvar A view of Sućuraj on Hvar Hvar (old names Pharos/Lesina) is a Croatian island in the Adriatic Sea, located off the Dalmatian coast. ... A view of the city of Korčula Korčula (Italian Curzola, Greek Korkyra Melaina) is the modern Croatian name for an island in the Adriatic Sea with a long Byzantine and Venetian history. ... A view of Dubrovnik from the south Dubrovnik (Latin Ragusa) is an old city on the Adriatic Sea coast in the extreme south of Croatia, positioned at 42°39′ N 18°04′ E at the terminal end of the Isthmus of Dubrovnik. ...


History & Monuments made by Bokeljs

The Boka region has a long naval tradition -- ever since the middle ages the Bokeljs had a very strong fleet, which counted as many as 300 ships in the 18th century. Boka was a rival to Dubrovnik and Venice. A view of Dubrovnik from the south Dubrovnik (Latin Ragusa) is an old city on the Adriatic Sea coast in the extreme south of Croatia, positioned at 42°39′ N 18°04′ E at the terminal end of the Isthmus of Dubrovnik. ... Location within Italy Venice (Italian: Venezia), the city of canals, is the capital of the region of Veneto and of the province of Venice, 45°26′ N 12°19′ E, population 271,663 (census estimate 2004-01-01). ...


The Bokelj Marine 809 (Bokeljska mornarica 809) is a confraternity founded in the 19th century whose aim was to promote nationalism among the inhabitants. In 809 the remains of St Tripun were brought by Bokelj mariners from Asia Minor to Kotor. The Cathedral of St. Tripun in Kotor is the oldest cathedral in Boka, built in 1166. Anatolia (Greek: ανατολη anatole, rising of the sun or East; compare Orient and Levant, by popular etymology Turkish Anadolu to ana mother and dolu filled), also called by the Latin name of Asia Minor, is a region of Southwest Asia which corresponds today to the Asian portion of Turkey. ...


There are two beautiful churches on two islets in Boka bay created by the Bokeljs. Both were built in the first half of the 17th century. The two churches are called Sveti Đurađ and Gospa od Škrpjela near the town of Perast. Tectonics at the Bay of Kotor Boka Kotorska (Bay of Kotor, Bocche di Cattaro) in western Montenegro is a winding bay on the Adriatic sea. ... For alternate uses, see Saint George (disambiguation) Saint George on horseback rides alongside a wounded dragon being led by a princess, late 19th century engraving. ... Perast is an old city in Boka Kotorska, Montenegro. ...


It is interesting that the Church of Gospa od Skrpjela is built on an artificial island. Each year a procession of Bokeljs encircle in numerous fishing boats and pilgrims throw pebbles around it. These was a tradition that was done for some 100 years to create it.


An important monument, showing uninterrupted presence of the Bokeljs in Boka kotorska during many centuries, is the cathedral of St. Tripun in the town of Kotor, built as early as 1166. It represents the oldest known Bokelj cathedral. Its ciborium is decorated with a beautiful interlace pattern which is even older than the church itself, and of the same type as numerous exotic interlace patterns found in many pre-Romanesque churches along the Adriatic coast. A Ciborium is a container, used in Roman Catholic, Anglican, and related Churches rituals to store Holy Communion. ... The Adriatic Sea is an arm of the Mediterranean Sea separating the Apennine peninsula (Italy) from the Balkan peninsula, and the system of the Apennine Mountains from that of the Dinaric Alps and adjacent ranges. ...


The town of Kotor has a surrounding wall which is about 5km long. This wall was built to protect the capital of Boka.


The Benedictine order has been present in the region of Boka kotorska since the 9th century. Today this region has about a hundred of Catholic churches and chapels. However there are more than twice as many Orthodox churches and chapels, and the only monasteries in the area are Montenegrin. ... Separate articles treat Eastern Orthodox Christianity and Orthodox Judaism. ...


The town of Perast had extremely difficult moments in 1654 when the attacks of the Turks were especially dangerous, they were doing this because the Bokeljs sank an Ottoman ship. The brave and successful defence of Perast and Boka by Bokeljs received attention all over Europe. This was the reason of the arrival of Petar Zrinski, a famous statesman in Europe who also had numerous dramatic battles with the Turks. During his three day sojourn in Perast he presented his legendary sword to the town, as the sign of his recognition to their efforts to defend their homeland, and to stop the approach of the Ottoman Empire to Middle Europe. However close to half the defenders were Montenegrin, who have had sizable numbers in the area for a long time. Perast is an old city in Boka Kotorska, Montenegro. ... Imperial motto (Ottoman Turkish) Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (the Eternal State) The Ottoman Empire at the height of its power Official language Ottoman Turkish Capital Bursa (1335 - 1365), Edirne (1365-1453), Ä°stanbul (Constantinople) (1453-1922) Imperial anthem Ottoman imperial anthem Sovereigns Padishah of the Osmanli Dynasty Population ca 40... The Zrinski family, known as Zrínyi in Hungarian, was an noble family from Croatia influential in the Kingdom of Hungary during the period in history marked by the Ottoman wars in Europe. ... This article is about the republic in Serbia-Montenegro, Europe. ...


The Benedictine order has been present in the region of Boka kotorska since the 9th century. Today this region has about a hundred of Catholic churches and chapels. However there are more than twice as many Orthodox churches and chapels, and the only monasteries in the area are Montenegrin. ... Separate articles treat Eastern Orthodox Christianity and Orthodox Judaism. ...


The town of Perast had extremely difficult moments in 1654 when the attacks of the Turks were especially dangerous, they were doing this because the Bokeljs sank an Ottoman ship. The brave and successful defence of Perast and Boka by Bokeljs received attention all over Europe. This was the reason of the arrival of Petar Zrinski, a famous statesman in Europe who also had numerous dramatic battles with the Turks. During his three day sojourn in Perast he presented his legendary sword to the town, as the sign of his recognition to their efforts to defend their homeland, and to stop the approach of the Ottoman Empire to Middle Europe. However close to half the defenders were Montenegrin, who have had sizable numbers in the area for a long time. Perast is an old city in Boka Kotorska, Montenegro. ... Imperial motto (Ottoman Turkish) Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (the Eternal State) The Ottoman Empire at the height of its power Official language Ottoman Turkish Capital Bursa (1335 - 1365), Edirne (1365-1453), Ä°stanbul (Constantinople) (1453-1922) Imperial anthem Ottoman imperial anthem Sovereigns Padishah of the Osmanli Dynasty Population ca 40... The Zrinski family, known as Zrínyi in Hungarian, was an noble family from Croatia influential in the Kingdom of Hungary during the period in history marked by the Ottoman wars in Europe. ... This article is about the republic in Serbia-Montenegro, Europe. ...


Famous Bokeljs and their achievements

Matej Zmajević (a.k.a Matija Zmajević) (1680-1735) was a Bokelj. He was the admiral of Baltic navy and the ship-builder of the famous Russian tsar Peter I the Great, and for whom he built a fleet in Voronezh. Matej Zmajević had great successes in maritime battles against Sweden, and for this reason he was decoreated with the order of Aleksandar Nevski. Zmajević was burried with greatest military honours in the Catholic church in Moscow. As a result of Zmajević's victory Peter the Great sent some of his young officers (bolyars) to the town of Perast in Boka in order to study maritime sciences there. Portrait of Peter by Paul Delaroche Peter I (Russian: ) (10 June 1672–8 February 1725 [30 May 1672– 28 January 1725 O.S.] ) ruled Russia from 7 May (27 April O.S.) 1682 until his death. ... Voronezh (Воро́неж) is a large city in the south of Central Russia, not far from Ukraine. ... Perast is an old city in Boka Kotorska, Montenegro. ...


Very important historical source for early Bokelj history is Libellus Gothorum, a chronicle from the 12th century known as the Chronicle of the Priest of Duklja, to the Bokelj as Ljetopis popa Dukljanina. It was written by Archbishop Grgur of Bar (Dioclea, Duklja). The chronicle represents the oldest historiographic work of Bokeljs. The Chronicle of the Priest of Duklja (Presbyter Diocleas: Libellus Gothorum; Ljetopis popa Dukljanina, Barski Rodoslov) is a medieval chronicle originally written by a Catholic priest from Dioclea (modern Bar) around 1172-1196. ... Mayor Anka-Bećka Vojvodić Area  - city  - municipality 505 km² 598 km² Population  - city  - municipality 25,000 45,000 Time zone Summer Time CET (UTC +1) CEST (UTC +2) Founded VI Century AD as Antipargal (assumed) Latitude Longitude 42. ... Duklja in the 9th century, according to De administrando imperio Greek map of the 9th century, according to De administrando imperio Duklja (Latin: Doclea or Dioclea, after the town of Dioclea) was a vassal state of Byzantium until it won its independence in 1042, ruled by the Vojislavljevic Dynasty, located...


Tripun Kotoran, a Bokelj and a goldsmith, worked on the court of Ivan Grozny in Moscow in 1476. Ivan IV (August 25, 1530–March 18, 1584) was the first ruler of Russia to assume the title of tsar. ...


One of the earliest Slavic typographers was Andrija Paltašić (~1450-1500), a Bokelj born in the town of Kotor. He was one of the best Venetian typographers around 1480, who printed more than 40 incunabula, among them the Bible in Italian language. We also mention by the way that a very old missal from 12th century - the Kotor missal, is held in St. Petersburg, Russia. Venetian could mean of Venice of the venetia territory of the Republic of Venice of the venet nation the Venetian language The Venetian, a hotel and casino in Las Vegas, Nevada A venetian blind - a horizontally slatted window blind. ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and Petrograd (Петрогра́д, 1914–1924), is a city located in Northwestern Russia on the delta of the river Neva at the east end of the Gulf of Finland...


Nikola Modruški (a.k.a. Nicolaus Machinensis, Nicolo di Cattaro) (~1427-1480), born in Boka kotorska, was bishop of Modrus in Lika, Pope's representative at the court of Stjepan Tomašević in Bosnia, and on the court of the Hungarian king Matijaš Korvin in Budim, his huge library was left to the newly founded Vatican library (founded by Pope Sixtus IV). In 1478/79 he wrote a treatise in defence of the Glagolitic alphabet which he sent from Rome to the Modruš bishopric. It is regarded to be the first polemic treatise in the history of Croatian literature, and it was written in the Glagolitic Script. Buried in the church of Santa Maria del popolo in Rome. Stephen Tomašević ruled from 1461 to 1463 as the last King of Bosnia. ... Matthias Corvinus (Mátyás in Hungarian), (February 23, 1443 (?) - April 6, 1490) was one of the greatest Kings of Hungary, ruling between 1458 and 1490. ... Sixtus IV, born Francesco della Rovere (July 21, 1414 – August 12, 1484) was Pope from 1471 to 1484, essentially a Renaissance prince, the Sixtus of the Sistine Chapel where the team of artists he brought together introduced the Early Renaissance to Rome with a masterpiece. ... Tablet inscribed with the Glagolitic alphabet The Glagolitic alphabet or Glagolitsa is the oldest known Slavonic alphabet. ...


Sea-captain Krsto Čorko, born in Perast, was Spanish Marquis and Governor of Balearic islands in the second half of the 17th century. Capital Palma de Mallorca Official languages Catalan and Spanish Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 17th  4 992 km²  1,0% Population  â€“ Total (2003)  â€“ % of Spain  â€“ Density Ranked 14th  916 968  2,2%  183,69/km² Demonym  â€“ English  â€“ Catalan  â€“ Spanish Balearic balear balear Statute of Autonomy March 1, 1983 ISO 3166...


Captain Petar Želalić (Zhelalich), 18th century, born in Boka kotorska, was a member of Order of Maltese Knights. He became famous after his ship defeated a huge Turkish ship called The Ottoman Crown.


In 1782 Krsto Mazarević from the city of Kotor performed a flight in two balloons.


Another outstanding Bokelj is captain Ivan Visin born in Prcanj in Boka. His travel around the world started in Antwerpen in 1852 (his ship "Splendido" was 30m long, 311 metric tons of cargo) and ended successfully in Trieste in 1859. He was only the sixth after Magellan to do a similar exploit. For his brave undertaking, which was of the historical importance, he had been decorated by a flag of honour Merito navali by the Austrian Emperor (in fact, Visin was the only one who ever obtained such an honour). The trophy is held in Prcanj. Visin also became the honorary citizen of Trieste. Ivan Visin (1806 - 1868) was a naval captain and explorer. ... Location within Italy Trieste (Latin Tergeste, Italian Trieste, Slovenian and Croatian Trst, German and Friulian Triest) is a city in northeastern Italy, capital of Friuli-Venezia Giulia region and Trieste province, population 211,184 (2001). ... Ferdinand Magellan (Spring 1480 – April 27, 1521; Portuguese: Fernão de Magalhães; Spanish: Fernando or Hernando de Magallanes) was a Portuguese sea explorer who sailed for both Portugal and Spain. ...


Antun Luković, descendant of an old Bokelj family from Boka kotorska, was the chief engineer in the project of building the Suez Canal (1859-1869). 1881 drawing of the Suez Canal The Suez Canal (Arabic, Qanā al-Suways), west of the Sinai Peninsula, is a 163 km maritime canal in Egypt between Port Said (BÅ«r SaÄ«d) on the Mediterranean Sea and Suez (al-Suways) on the Red Sea. ...


There have been three people from Boka who have become saints or been blessed by the Vatican, and they are:

  • St. Leopold Bogdan Mandić (1866-1942),
  • blessed Ozana Kotorka (a.k.a. Katarina Kosić, 1493-1565),
  • blessed Gracija iz Mula (1438-1508)

Saint Leopold Bogdan Mandić (1866-1942) was born in Herceg Novi in Boka kotorska, and died in Padova, Italy. Physically malformed and delicate, having height of only 1.35m, with clumsy walk and stuttering, he developed tremendous spiritual strength. Although he wanted to be missionary in Eastern Europe, he spent almost all of his adult life in Italy, and lived in Padova from 1906 until the end of his life. He spent also one year in Italian prison during the WWI, since he did not want to renounce his Bokelj nationality. He dreamed unceasingly about going to Orient, but one day he gave Communion to a very good person. He became known as Apostle of Confession and Apostle of Unity. He made a famous prayer that is the forerunner of today's Ecumenism. Tronco Maestro Riviera: a pedestrian walk along a section of the inland waterway or naviglio interno of Padua The city of Padua (Lat. ... The word ecumenism (also oecumenism, Å“cumenism) (IPA: ) is derived from the Greek oikoumene, which means the inhabited world. The term is usually used with regard to movements toward religious unity. ...


According to local folklore in the village of Kruševice, Pope Sixtus V has Bokelj roots from his father's side. As local saying goes, he originates from the Orthodox Svilanović family. Pope Sixtus V was said to use the nickname Perreto and use three pears in his personal coat-of-arms, this, the Bokelji claim is proof since the village of Kruševice means pear. Sixtus V, born Felice Peretti (December 13, 1521 -– August 27, 1590) was pope from 1585 to 1590. ...


An outstanding Bokelj intellectual born in 1919 in Boka kotorska was Luka Brajnović, professor of Ethics of the University of Navarra, a former director of the Institute of Artes Liberales, a well known Spanish intellectual. "Premio Brajnovic a la communication" is a prestigious Spanish award (500,000 pesetas) established in his honor during his lifetime upon the initiative of newspapermen and lecturers from the University of Pamplon. Others include Croatian academicians like Dionis Sunko (organic chemistry) and Josip Pečarić (mathematics). The University of Navarra was founded in 1959 by St. ...


External link


  Results from FactBites:
 
Encyclopedia: Bokelji (2097 words)
The Bokelj people (pl. Bokelji) are the inhabitants of the Boka Kotorska (hence the name) and adjacent regions (near the towns of Kotor, Tivat, Herceg Novi, Risan, Perast).
Large numbers of Bokelji emigrated to the Dalmatian islands of Brac, Hvar, Korcula and the city of Dubrovnik.
An outstanding Bokelj intellectual born in 1919 in Boka kotorska was Luka Brajnovic, professor of Ethics of the University of Navarra, a former director of the Institute of Artes Liberales, a well known Spanish intellectual.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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