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Encyclopedia > Bogor
Bogor
Official seal of Bogor
Seal
Nickname: "'Kota Hujan (City of Rain)"
Bogor (Indonesia)
Bogor
Location of Bogor in Indonesia
Coordinates: 6°36′0″S, 106°48′0″E
Government
 - Mayor Diani Budiarto
Time zone WIB (UTC+7)
Area code(s) 0251
Website: www.kotabogor.go.id
Puncak pass area, looking north towards Bogor over extensive tea plantations
Puncak pass area, looking north towards Bogor over extensive tea plantations

Bogor is a city in West Java with a population of approximately 800,000 people in the CBD area and 2,000,000 in suburban area, bringing a total of 3 million population. It was the capital of Indonesia during the British occupation under Stamford Raffles and was used as the capital by the Dutch during the dry season, then known as Buitenzorg (meaning "beyond cares"). Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... // A nickname is a short, clever, cute, derogatory, or otherwise substitute name for a person or things real name (for example, Bob, Rob, Robby, Robbie, Robi, Robin, Bobby, Rab, Rabbie, Bert, Bertie, Butch, Bobbers, Bobert, Beto, Bobadito, and Robban (in Sweden), are all nicknames for Robert). ... Image File history File links Indonesia_blank_map. ... Image File history File links Red_pog. ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... In Indonesia, the keeping of standard time is divided into three time zones: Indonesian Western Standard Time (Indonesian: Waktu Indonesia Barat/WIB) (UTC+7) WIB is observed in islands of Sumatra, Java, provinces of West Kalimantan and Central Kalimantan Indonesian Central Standard Time (Waktu Indonesia Tengah/WITA) (UTC+8) WITA... UTC+7 is used in: Laos Thailand Cambodia Vietnam External links Find cities currently in UTC+7 Category: ... Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 571 KB)View of the Puncak area, West Java File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 571 KB)View of the Puncak area, West Java File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... PASS - Payments as a Secure Service Transforming commerce over IP by enabling software as a service. ... Tea leaves in a Chinese gaiwan. ... // This article is about crop plantations. ... Along with regencies / kabupaten, cities / kota are subdivisions of Indonesian Provinces. ... Map showing West Java in Indonesia West Java (Jawa Barat) is a province of Indonesia, located on the island of Java. ... In politics, a capital (also called capital city or political capital — although the latter phrase has a second meaning based on an alternative sense of capital) is the principal city or town associated with a countrys government. ... Thomas Stamford Raffles. ...


Bogor boasts a presidential palace, a deer park and a botanical garden in the town centre. It is home to the Institut Pertanian Bogor (or Bogor Institute of Agriculture). The Istana Bogor is one of 6 Presidential Palace in Indonesia. ... “Fawn” redirects here. ... The Bogor Botanical Gardens are located 60 km south of the capital of Jakarta in Bogor, Indonesia. ... Institut Pertanian Bogor (or Bogor Agricultural University) is an Indonesian state university located in Bogor. ...


Bogor is on a main road from Jakarta to Bandung, over the Puncak pass. To the south of the city are large tea plantations. During colonial times the Bogor area developed as a centre for plantations. Apart from the tea (Mount Mas), there were coffee plantations at nearby Sukabumi and later vast rubber plantations that stretched from Bogor as far as Citereup and Bukit Sentul. Jakarta (also Djakarta or DKI Jakarta), formerly known as Sunda Kelapa, Jayakarta and Batavia is the capital and largest city of Indonesia. ... Nickname: Kota Kembang (City of Flowers) Motto: Bermartabat (dignity) Location of Bandung in Indonesia Coordinates: Province West Java Country Indonesia Government  - Mayor Dada Rosada Area  - City 167. ... PASS - Payments as a Secure Service Transforming commerce over IP by enabling software as a service. ... Tea leaves in a Chinese gaiwan. ... // This article is about crop plantations. ...


The suburban area of Bogor is part of the Bogor Regency, while the urban is the Bogor City. Currently Bogor bears the nickname "the Rain City" (Kota Hujan), suggesting that it is very wet and nearly always rains even during the dry season. Bogor Regency is a regency (kabupaten) of West Java, Indonesia. ...

Contents

History

In 450 A.D. Bogor was part of Tarumanegara, the very first Hindu kingdom in Java, and the second in Indonesia after the Kutai Kingdom in Kalimantan. The most popular king of Tarumanegara was Purnavarman, who ruled around the 5th century. It was during his reign the kingdom reached its golden era. The city was then, with the name of Pakuan, the capital of the western Javanese kingdom of Sunda Galuh, whence came the founder of the Majapahit empire, Raden Wijaya. Bogor was later part of the Siliwangi Kingdom (1482), ruled by King Siliwangi. This article discusses the adherents of Hinduism. ... Kalimantan is the Indonesian part of the island of Borneo. ... The Majapahit Empire was based in eastern Java and ruled much of the southern Malay Peninsula, Borneo, Sumatra, and Bali from about 1293 to around 1500. ... Raden Wijaya (also known as Kertarajasa Jayawardhana) (1293-1309) was the founder and first raja of the Majapahit Empire in Java, Indonesia [edit] Origins Raden Wijaya was the son of Dyah Lembu Tal, the great, great grandson of Ken Arok, the founder of the Kingdom of Singhasari. ... Siliwangi refers to various people and institutions in the past and present of Indonesia - specifically, in West Java. ...


Bogor now houses numerous stone inscriptions (prasasti) from both the Tarumanegara and the Siliwangi. These inscriptions, scattered throughout the urban, suburban, and rural areas of Bogor, are written in Sanskrit using the Pallava writing system. Inscriptions are words or letters written, engraved, painted, or otherwise traced on a surface and can appear in contexts both small and monumental. ... The Sanskrit language (Skt. ... The Pallava kingdom (Tamil: பல்லவர்) was an ancient South Indian kingdom. ...


The most well-known inscriptions are:

  • Ciaruteun inscription
This is a large boulder found in a streambed upon which Purnavarman's footprints were engraved together with his Pallava handwriting. The set of footprints show to many that Purnavarman was a kind of divine being, or an incarnation of the Hindu god Vishnu. Indeed, the text on the stone compares his footprints to Vishnu's.
The boulder has now been removed to a protected location with metal fences surrounding it, just a few kilometres away from the river where it was discovered.
  • Kaki Gajah inscription
As its name implies, this brown flat stone bears a set of an elephant's footprints. The elephant is presumed to be the royal elephant Purnavarman rode on. The text compares it to the mythical elephant Airawata which belongs to another Hindu god Indra. This inscription was discovered not far from Prasasti Ciaruteun.
  • Batutulis inscription
This inscription is located in Batutulis area in the urban Bogor. It is now placed inside a house, across from former president Sukarno's house. It is actually a collection of four stones. The first small stone, bearing Siliwangi's footprints, is placed in front of the second stone engraved with the impressions of his knees. The third one is a large, flat, upright brown stone carved with the king's Sanskrit handwriting. These three stones are arranged in such a way that they give the impression that the king was actually kneeling down when carving.
The last stone is a strange cylindrical rock that is set beside the rest of them. Many people say it was Siliwangi's staff, although it seems impossible since this rock is quite wide in diameter.

In 2004, Bogor and St. Louis, Missouri, USA became Sister Cities. A footprint is an impression left by a foot or shoe, for example an indentation in soft ground or snow, or a mark left by mud etc from the sole of the foot. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Look up Incarnation in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Incarnation, which literally means enfleshment, refers to the conception, and live birth of a sentient creature (generally human) who is the material manifestation of an entity or force whose original nature is immaterial. ... Vishnu (IAST , Devanagari ), (honorific: Sri Vishnu) also known as Narayana is the Supreme Being or Ultimate Reality for Vaishnavas and a manifestation of Brahman in the Advaita or Smarta traditions. ... Genera and Species Loxodonta Loxodonta cyclotis Loxodonta africana Elephas Elephas maximus Elephas antiquus † Elephas beyeri † Elephas celebensis † Elephas cypriotes † Elephas ekorensis † Elephas falconeri † Elephas iolensis † Elephas planifrons † Elephas platycephalus † Elephas recki † Stegodon † Mammuthus † Elephantidae (the elephants) is a family of pachyderm, and the only remaining family in the order Proboscidea... Indra (Sanskrit: इन्द्र or इंद्र, indra) is the god of weather and war, and lord of Svargaloka in Hinduism. ... Sukarno (June 6, 1901 – June 21, 1970) was the first President of Indonesia. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


Language

The traditional language of Bogor is Sundanese. However, many thinks that Bogor's Sundanese is somewhat harsher and uses much more slang than any other part of the province[citation needed]. Due to the expansion of Jakarta, more people from different places and different ethnic stay in Bogor. Indonesian, the official national language, is becoming more common in the urban area. Sundanese (Basa Sunda, literally language of Sunda) is the language of about 27,000,000 people from the western third of Java or about 15% of Indonesian population. ... Jakarta (also Djakarta or DKI Jakarta), formerly known as Sunda Kelapa, Jayakarta and Batavia is the capital and largest city of Indonesia. ...


Transportation

The easiest and the most popular means of transportation in Bogor is the public vans ("angkot", the acronym of angkutan kota). They serve certain routes indicated by the combination of their numbers and their colours, which come in green and blue. These angkots are run by private owners and the prices are fixed.


Buses and taxis are not present in particularly large numbers, especially taxis because they are relatively expensive. Minibuses are more commonly seen in the city. Meanwhile, the railroads connect Bogor to other big cities in Java, such as Jakarta (to the north) and Sukabumi (to the south). An articulated bus operated by the CTA in Chicago, Illinois, USA. A Go North East Bus parked in a lay-by in Tyne and Wear, England A bus is a large road vehicle intended to carry numerous persons in addition to the driver and sometimes a conductor. ... Taxicab, short forms taxi or cab, is a type of public transport for a single passenger, or small group of passengers, typically for a non-shared ride. ... Volkswagen minibus A minibus is a motor vehicle that is designed to carry fewer people than a full-size bus. ... This is the top-level page of WikiProject trains Rail tracks Rail transport refers to the land transport of passengers and goods along railways or railroads. ... Jakarta (also Djakarta or DKI Jakarta), formerly known as Sunda Kelapa, Jayakarta and Batavia is the capital and largest city of Indonesia. ... Sukabumi is a city and regency in the highlands of West Java, Indonesia, about 80 km (50 miles) south of Jakarta. ...


For leisure means, the traditional horse carriages are available. These are called delman, and they have only two wheels, different from the four-wheeled andong existing only in the province of Yogyakarta. Delman in Bogor are not delicately decorated like their fellows in Jakarta, Bandung, or Yogyakarta. Tourists in a vis-a-vis, Prague The classic definition of a carriage is a four-wheeled horse-drawn private passenger vehicle with leaf springs (elliptical springs in the 19th century) or leather strapping for suspension, whether light, smart and fast or large and comfortable. ... The Special Region of Yogyakarta (Indonesian: Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta, or DIY), is a province of Indonesia on the island of Java. ... Nickname: Kota Kembang (City of Flowers) Motto: Bermartabat (dignity) Location of Bandung in Indonesia Coordinates: Province West Java Country Indonesia Government  - Mayor Dada Rosada Area  - City 167. ... The Special Region of Yogyakarta (Indonesian: Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta, or DIY), is a province of Indonesia on the island of Java. ...


There are also becak, a type of man-pedaled carriages in which the driver pedals at the back and the passengers' seat facing front with a roof above. A becak can only carry two or three people at a time. Becak can also be used to deliver heavy loads such as fruits and vegetables around wet markets. Passengers and drivers meet at this auto rickshaw stand in Chennai. ...


In addition, Bogor is also accessible via Jagorawi Tollway, which is the earliest tollway in Indonesia.


See also

Gustaaf Willem baron van Imhoff (August 8, 1705–November 1, 1750) was the governor of Ceylon and then the Dutch East Indies for the Dutch East India Company (VOC-Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie). ...

External links

Indonesia Portal
Wikisource has an original article from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica about:
Buitenzorg
  • Bogor travel guide from Wikitravel
  • Bogor Botanical Gardens


Image File history File links Portal. ... Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... The original Wikisource logo. ... Encyclopædia Britannica, the 11th edition The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911) is perhaps the most famous edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. ... Wikitravel is a project to create an open content, complete, up-to-date, and reliable world-wide travel guide. ...

Subdistricts of Bogor
Central Bogor | East Bogor | North Bogor | South Bogor | Tanah Sereal | West Bogor

 
 

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