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Encyclopedia > Boeing 747
Boeing 747

707 · 717 · 727 · 737 · 747 · 757 · 767 · 777 · 787 The Boeing 707 is an American four-engine commercial passenger jet airliner developed by Boeing in the early 1950s. ... The Boeing 717 is a twin-engine, single-aisle jet airliner, developed for the 100-seat market. ... The Boeing 727 is a mid-size, narrow-body, three-engine commercial jet airliner. ... The Boeing 737 is an American short to medium range, single aisle, narrow body jet airliner. ... The Boeing 757 is an American short to medium range commercial passenger aircraft manufactured by Boeing Commercial Airplanes. ... American Airlines Boeing 767-300 at Gatwick Airport, England. ... The Boeing 777 is an American long-range wide-body twin-engine airliner built by Boeing Commercial Airplanes. ... The Boeing 787 Dreamliner is a mid-sized, wide-body, twin engine jet airliner currently in production by Boeing Commercial Airplanes and scheduled to enter service in November 2008. ...

Virgin Atlantic Airways Boeing 747-400
Type Wide-body jet airliner
Manufacturer Boeing Commercial Airplanes
Designed by Joe Sutter
Maiden flight 9 February 1969[1]
Introduction 1970 with Pan Am and TWA[1]
Status Active
Primary users Japan Airlines
British Airways
Qantas
United Airlines
Produced 1969–present
Number built 1,387 as of June 2007
Unit cost 747-100 $24 million (1967)
747-200 $39 million (1976)
747-300 $82 million (1982)
747-400 $228-260 million (2007)[2]
747-8 $285.5-300 million (2007)[2][3]
Variants Boeing 747SP
Boeing VC-25
Boeing 747-400
Boeing 747-8
Boeing 747 LCF

The Boeing 747, sometimes nicknamed the "Jumbo Jet",[4][5] is a long-haul, widebody commercial airliner manufactured by Boeing in the United States. Known for its impressive size, it is among the world's most recognizable aircraft.[6] First flown commercially in 1970, it held the passenger capacity record for 37 years and was the first commercial wide-body aircraft. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 494 pixelsFull resolution (2170 × 1340 pixel, file size: 3. ... Virgin Atlantic Airways Ltd (usually referred to as Virgin Atlantic) is a British airline which is owned by Richard Bransons Virgin Group (51%) and Singapore Airlines (49%). It operates long-haul routes between the United Kingdom and North America, the Caribbean, Africa, the Middle East, Asia, and Australia from... The Boeing 747-400 is the latest version of the Boeing 747 in service. ... The European Airbus A380 is the worlds largest and broadest passenger aircraft A wide-body aircraft is a large airliner with a fuselage diameter of 5 to 6 metres (16 to 20 ft). ... The de Havilland Comet 1, G-ALYP - The first production Comet. ... An aerospace manufacturer is a company or individual involved in the various aspects of designing, building, testing, selling, and maintaining aircraft, aircraft parts, missiles, rockets, and/or spacecraft. ... Boeing Commercial Airplanes, based in Renton, Washington, is a unit of The Boeing Company, consisting of the Seattle-based former Boeing Airplane Company (the civil airliner division), as well as the Long Beach-based Douglas Aircraft division of the former McDonnell Douglas Corporation. ... Joe Sutter was an engineer for the Boeing Airplane Company and lead designer for the 747. ... The Maiden flight of an aircraft is the first occasion on which an aircraft leaves the ground of its own accord. ... is the 40th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1969 (number) 1969 (movie) 1969 (Stargate SG-1) episode. ... Pan Ams seaplane terminal at Dinner Key in Miami, Florida, was a hub of inter-American travel during the 1930s and 1940s. ... Trans World Airlines (IATA: TW, ICAO: TWA, and Callsign: TWA), commonly known as TWA, was an American airline company that was acquired by American Airlines in April 2001. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... For the 1930s airline of similar name, see British Airways Ltd. ... Qantas (Qantas Airways Limited) (IPA: ) is the name and callsign of the national airline of Australia. ... United Airlines, also known as United Air Lines, Inc. ... June 2007 is the sixth month of that year. ... The Boeing 747SP is a highly modified version of Boeings Boeing 747-100 offering special performance. Known during development as the short body 747SB, the shortened fuselage permitted longer range flights to be made. ... This article is about the aircraft. ... The Boeing 747-400 is the latest version of the Boeing 747 in service. ... The Boeing 747-8 is the latest variant of the Boeing 747, officially announced in 2005. ... The Boeing 747 Large Cargo Freighter (LCF), known as the Dreamlifter, is a modified Boeing 747-400 used exclusively for transporting aircraft parts to Boeing from suppliers around the world. ... An Airbus A340 airliner operated by Air Jamaica An airliner is a large fixed-wing aircraft whose primary function is the transportation of paying passengers. ... The Boeing Company (NYSE: BA, TYO: 7661) is a major aerospace and defense corporation, originally founded by William Edward Boeing. ... Flying machine redirects here. ... The European Airbus A380 is the worlds largest and broadest passenger aircraft A wide-body aircraft is a large airliner with a fuselage diameter of 5 to 6 metres (16 to 20 ft). ...


The four-engine 747, produced by Boeing's Commercial Airplane unit, uses a double decker configuration for part of its length. The hump created by the upper deck has made the 747 a highly recognizable icon of air travel. A typical three-class layout accommodates 416 passengers, while a two-class layout accommodates a maximum of 524 passengers. The 747-400, the latest version in service, flies at high-subsonic speeds of Mach 0.85 (567 mph or 913 km/h), and features an intercontinental range of 7,260 nautical miles (8,350 mi, 13,450 km).[7] The Boeing Company (NYSE: BA, TYO: 7661) is a major aerospace and defense corporation, originally founded by William Edward Boeing. ... Boeing Commercial Airplanes, based in Renton, Washington, is a unit of The Boeing Company, consisting of the Seattle-based former Boeing Airplane Company (the civil airliner division), as well as the Long Beach-based Douglas Aircraft division of the former McDonnell Douglas Corporation. ... A double decker is a bus, airplane, train, tram, ferry, or any public transit vehicle that has two levels for passengers, one deck above the other. ... The Boeing 747-400 is the latest version of the Boeing 747 in service. ... An F/A-18 Hornet breaking the sound barrier. ... Miles per hour is a unit of speed, expressing the number of international miles covered per hour. ... A nautical mile or sea mile is a unit of length. ... “Miles” redirects here. ...


The 747 was expected to become obsolete after sales of 400 units due to development of supersonic commercial aircraft,[8] but it has outlived many of its critics' expectations and production passed the 1,000 mark in 1993. As of June 2007 1,387 planes had been built, with 120 more in various configurations on order. The latest development of the aircraft, the 747-8, is planned to enter service in 2009.[9] The Boeing 747-8 is the latest variant of the Boeing 747, officially announced in 2005. ...

Development

Background and design phase

The 747 was conceived while air travel was increasing in the 1960s. The era of commercial jet transportation, led by the enormous popularity of the Boeing 707 and Douglas DC-8, had revolutionized long-distance travel. Boeing had already developed a study for a very large fixed-wing aircraft while bidding on a US military contract for a huge cargo plane.[10] Even before it lost the contract to the Lockheed C-5 Galaxy in September 1965, Boeing came under pressure from Juan Trippe, president of its most loyal airline customer Pan Am, to build a large passenger plane that would be over twice the size of the 707. The Boeing 707 is an American four-engine commercial passenger jet airliner developed by Boeing in the early 1950s. ... The Douglas DC-8 is a four-engined jet airliner, manufactured between 1959 and 1972. ... The Lockheed SR-71 was remarkably advanced for its time and remains unsurpassed in many areas of performance. ... The Lockheed C-5 Galaxy is a military transport aircraft designed to provide strategic heavy airlift over intercontinental distances. ... Trippe, Time, 1933 Juan Terry Trippe (June 27, 1899 – April 3, 1981) was an airline entrepreneur and pioneer. ... Pan American World Airways (Pan Am) was the United States principal international airline from the 1930s until its collapse in 1991, and was credited with many innovations that shaped the international airline industry. ...


In 1965, Joe Sutter was transferred from Boeing's 737 development team to manage the studies for a new airliner, already assigned its model number 747. The original design was a full-length double-decker fuselage seating eight across (3–2–3) on the lower deck and seven across (2–3–2) on the upper deck.[11] However, concern over evacuation routes and limited cargo-carrying capability caused this idea to be scrapped in early 1966 in favor of wider single deck, becoming the first wide-body airliner.[12] Joe Sutter was an engineer for the Boeing Airplane Company and lead designer for the 747. ... The Boeing 737 is an American short to medium range, single aisle, narrow body jet airliner. ... For the chocolate bar, see Double Decker (chocolate bar). ... The European Airbus A380 is the worlds largest and broadest passenger aircraft A wide-body aircraft is a large airliner with a fuselage diameter of 5 to 6 metres (16 to 20 ft). ...


One of the principal technologies that enabled an airplane as large as the 747 to be conceived was the high-bypass turbofan engine. This promised to deliver double the power of the earlier turbojets while consuming a third less fuel. General Electric had pioneered the concept but were fully committed to developing the engine for the C-5 Galaxy. Pratt & Whitney was also working on the same principle, and, by late 1966, Boeing, Pan-Am and Pratt & Whitney agreed that Pratt would develop a new engine, designated JT9D, to power the 747. Four of these engines were to be mounted in pods below the 747's wings. A high-bypass turbofan engine is a turbofan with a bypass ratio of at least 5. ... GE-Aviation, a subsidiary of General Electric, is headquartered in Evendale, Ohio (a Cincinnati suburb). ... Pratt & Whitney is an American aircraft engine manufacturer whose products are widely used in both civil and military aircraft. ... This is a test The Pratt & Whitney JT9D engine was the first high-bypass-ratio engine to power a wide-bodied aircraft. ... Two engines in pods. ...

The prototype 747, City of Everett, at the Museum of Flight in Seattle, Washington.
The prototype 747, City of Everett, at the Museum of Flight in Seattle, Washington.

At the time, it was widely thought that the 747 would eventually be superseded by supersonic transport (SST) aircraft, so Boeing designed it such that it could easily be adapted to carry freight, so that it could remain in production if and when sales of the passenger version dried up. The cockpit was therefore placed on a shortened upper deck so that a nose cone loading door could be included, thus creating the 747's distinctive "bulge". However, supersonic transports, including the Concorde and Boeing's never-produced 2707, were not widely adopted. SSTs were less fuel-efficient at a time when fuel prices were soaring, very noisy during takeoff and landing, and their ability to operate at supersonic speeds over land was limited by regulations concerning their sonic booms.[13] Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 1652 KB)The City of Everett, the prototype of the Boeing 747, currently located at the Museum of Flight on Boeing Field, Seattle, Washington. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 1652 KB)The City of Everett, the prototype of the Boeing 747, currently located at the Museum of Flight on Boeing Field, Seattle, Washington. ... For the Museum of Flight in East Lothian, Scotland, see Museum of Flight (Scotland). ... Seattle redirects here. ... For the capital city of the United States, see Washington, D.C.. For other uses, see Washington (disambiguation). ... The Concorde supersonic transport has a delta wing, a slender fuselage and four underslung Olympus engines. ... For other uses, see Concorde (disambiguation). ... The Boeing 2707 was developed as the first American supersonic transport (SST). ... A sonic boom produced by an airplane moving at twice the speed of caramel cheese. ...


To appease concerns about the safety and flyability of such a large passenger aircraft, the 747 was designed with multiple structural redundancy, four redundant hydraulic systems, and quadruple main landing gear.[14] The wing was swept back at an unusually large angle of 37.5 degrees which was chosen in order to minimize the wing span, thus allowing the 747 to use existing hangars.[12][15] Hydraulics is a branch of science and engineering concerned with the use of liquids to perform mechanical tasks. ... The swept wing of an airliner: British Midland Airbus A320-200 A swept-wing is a wing planform used on high-speed aircraft that spend a considerable portion of their flight time in the transonic. ... A cutaway diagram of a hangar. ...


In April 1966, Pan Am ordered twenty-five of the initial 100 series for US$525 million. During the ceremonial 747 contract-signing banquet in Seattle, concurrent to Boeing's 50th Anniversary, Juan Trippe predicted the 747 as "...a great Weapon for peace, competing with intercontinental missiles for mankind's destiny.", according to an interview with Malcolm T. Stamper.[6] As launch customer,[1][16] and because of its early involvement before placing a formal order, Pan Am was able to influence the design and development of the 747 to an extent not seen by a single airline before or since.[17] Pan American World Airways (Pan Am) was the United States principal international airline from the 1930s until its collapse in 1991, and was credited with many innovations that shaped the international airline industry. ... A Minuteman III missile soars after a test launch. ... Malcolm Stamper, the longest serving President in Boeing’s history, is best known for leading 50,000 people in the race to build the 747 jetliner. ...


Production facilities

Boeing did not have a facility large enough to assemble the giant aircraft, so it had to build a new one. The company looked at a number of locations including Walnut Creek, California, and Tacoma, Washington. The company eventually decided to build the new plant some 30 miles (50 km) north of Seattle on a site adjoining a military base at Paine Field near Everett, Washington,[18] which had a 9,500 foot runway. In June 1966, Boeing bought the 780 acre site.[1] Walnut Creek is a largely affluent suburb several miles east of Oakland in Contra Costa County, California, USA, in the East Bay region of the San Francisco Bay Area. ... Nickname: Location of Tacoma in Pierce County and Washington State Coordinates: , Country State County Pierce Government  - Mayor Bill Baarsma (D) Area  - City  62. ... City nickname Emerald City City bird Great Blue Heron City flower Dahlia City mottos The City of Flowers The City of Goodwill City song Seattle, the Peerless City Mayor Greg Nickels County King County Area   - Total   - Land   - Water   - % water 369. ... FAA diagram of Paine Field Paine Field, also known as Snohomish County Airport (IATA: PAE, ICAO: KPAE) is located in Everett, Washington. ... County Snohomish Government  - Mayor Ray Stephanson Area  - City 123. ...


While developing the 747 had been a major challenge, constructing the plant in which to build it was also a huge undertaking. Boeing president William M. Allen asked Malcolm T. Stamper, then head of the company's turbine division, to lead construction of the Everett factory and start up production of the 747. William McPherson Allen (1900 - 1985) was a U.S. aircraft businessman. ... Malcolm Stamper, the longest serving President in Boeing’s history, is best known for leading 50,000 people in the race to build the 747 jetliner. ...


To level the site, over four million cubic yards of earth had to be moved.[19] Such was the shortage of time that the 747's full-scale mock-up had to be built even before the factory roof had been constructed above it.[20] The plant is the largest building by volume ever built.[10][21] This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ...


Boeing had promised to deliver the 747 to Pan Am by 1970, which gave it less than four years to develop, build and test the aircraft. Work progressed at such a breakneck pace that all those who worked on the development of the 747 were given the nickname "The Incredibles".[10]


Testing

Before the first 747 was even fully assembled, testing began on numerous components and systems. One of the most anxiously awaited tests was the emergency evacuation, to see how long it took for 560 volunteers to exit from a cabin mock-up using the plane's emergency chutes. The first full-scale test took two and a half minutes instead of the maximum 90 seconds mandated by the Federal Aviation Administration, and resulted in several injuries to the volunteers. Subsequent tests achieved the 90-second limit, albeit at the cost of more injuries. Most problematic was evacuation from the airplane's upper deck: instead of a slide there was an escape harness attached to a reel.[22] “FAA” redirects here. ...


Before the 747's first flight, Boeing built an unusual training device known as "Waddell's Wagon" (named after the 747 test pilot, Jack Waddell), which consisted of a mock-up cockpit mounted on the roof of a truck, for training pilots how to taxi the plane from the high upper deck position.[10]

Uniformed flight attendants representing each of the 747's initial 26 airline customers.
Uniformed flight attendants representing each of the 747's initial 26 airline customers.

On September 30, 1968, the first 747, N7470, was rolled out of the assembly building in front of the world's press and representatives of the 26 airlines that had ordered the plane.[23] Over the following months preparations were made for the first flight, which took place successfully on 9 February 1969, with test pilots Jack Waddell and Brien Wygle at the controls,[24][25] and Jess Wallick at the flight engineer's station. In spite of a minor problem with one of the flaps, the flight confirmed that the 747 handled extremely well; the plane was found to be largely immune to "dutch roll", a phenomenon that had been a major hazard to the early swept-wing jets.[26] Image File history File links 747_flight_attendants. ... Image File history File links 747_flight_attendants. ... is the 273rd day of the year (274th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 40th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1969 (number) 1969 (movie) 1969 (Stargate SG-1) episode. ... Dutch roll is one of an aircrafts flight dynamic modes (others include phugoid, short period, and spiral divergence). ...


Later stages of the flight test program revealed some problems: flutter testing showed that the wings suffered oscillation in certain conditions. These difficulties were partly solved by reducing the stiffness of some wing components. However, a particularly severe high-speed flutter problem was only solved by inserting depleted uranium counterweights as ballast in the outboard engine nacelles of the early 747s.[27] This measure caused some anxiety when several of these aircraft were lost, such as the 1991 crash of China Airlines Flight 358 in Wanli and 1992 crash of El Al Flight 1862 at Amsterdam.[28][29] Flutter: In electronics, rapid variation of signal parameters, such as amplitude, phase, and frequency. ... Depleted uranium storage yard. ... China Airlines Flight 358 was a Boeing 747-2R7F that crashed on December 29, 1991 shortly after takeoff from Chiang Kai-shek International Airport in Taipei, Taiwan. ... Wanli Emperor Birth and death: Sept. ... On October 4, 1992, El Al Flight 1862, a Boeing 747 cargo plane of the Israeli airline El Al, crashed into the Groeneveen and Klein-Kruitberg flats in the Bijlmermeer (colloquially Bijlmer) neighbourhood (part of Amsterdam Zuidoost) of Amsterdam, Netherlands. ... For other uses, see Amsterdam (disambiguation). ...


The flight test program was considerably hampered by problems with the plane's JT9D engines: these included engine stalls caused by rapid movements of the throttles and distortion of the turbine casings after a short period of service.[30] The problems caused 747 deliveries to be delayed several months, resulting in up to 20 planes at one time being stranded at the Everett plant awaiting engines.[31] The program was further set back when the third of five test aircraft suffered serious damage while attempting to land at Boeing's Renton plant where it was being taken to have its test equipment removed and a cabin installed; pilot Ralph C. Cokely undershot the short runway and sheared off the aircraft's landing gear.[32] However, these difficulties did not prevent Boeing taking one of the test aircraft to the 28th Paris Air Show in summer 1969 where it was displayed to the general public for the first time. The 747 achieved its FAA airworthiness certificate in December 1969, paving the way for its introduction into service.[33] Location of Renton in King County and Washington Coordinates: , Country State County King Government  - Mayor Kathy Keolker Area  - Total 17. ... A Mirage 2000-5 at the Paris Air Show The Paris Air Show (Salon International de lAéronautique et de lEspace, Paris-Le Bourget) is an international trade fair for the aerospace business. ... “FAA” redirects here. ...


The huge cost of developing the 747 and building the Everett factory meant that Boeing had to borrow heavily from a banking syndicate to fund the project. During the final months before delivery of the first plane the Company had to repeatedly request additional funding from the syndicate to enable it to complete the project; had this been refused the survival of the Company itself would have been threatened.[34][16] However, the gamble paid off and Boeing enjoyed a monopoly in the very large passenger aircraft segment for many years.[35]


Entry into service

Flightdeck of the 747-200.
Flightdeck of the 747-200.

On 15 January 1970, American First Lady Patricia Nixon christened a Pan Am Boeing 747 at Dulles International Airport (now called Washington Dulles International Airport) in the presence of Pan Am chairman Najeeb Halaby. Instead of a bottle of champagne, red, white and blue water was sprayed on the plane. The first commercial flight of a Boeing 747 took place on January 22, 1970 and was operated by Pan Am between New York's John F. Kennedy International Airport and London Heathrow Airport. Pan Am added 747 services to London from Boston, Washington and other cities during the spring and summer of 1970. Overnight, a new standard of air travel had been created and other airlines rushed to bring their own 747s into service. Trans World Airlines, Japan Airlines, Lufthansa, BOAC and Northwest Orient were among the first carriers to use 747s on long-haul flights. American Airlines started a 747 service between New York and Los Angeles by the summer of 1970, and in September 1970 added nonstop 747 flights between Washington and Los Angeles. Soon afterward American Airlines added a 747 service from Boston to Chicago and on to Los Angeles. In addition to its foreign destinations, TWA offered 747 flights between San Francisco and New York by early 1971.[citation needed] Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 1178 KB) Cockpit of a 747-230 From the Technik Museum Speyer (Germany) Author: Snowdog File links The following pages link to this file: Boeing 747 Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 1178 KB) Cockpit of a 747-230 From the Technik Museum Speyer (Germany) Author: Snowdog File links The following pages link to this file: Boeing 747 Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner... is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link shows full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... First Lady Laura Bush and former first ladies (from left to right) Rosalynn Carter, Sen. ... Thelma Catherine Pat Ryan Nixon (March 16, 1912 – June 22, 1993) was the wife of former President Richard Nixon and the First Lady of the United States of America from 1969 to 1974. ... , FAA Airport Diagram Washington Dulles International Airport (IATA: IAD, ICAO: KIAD, FAA LID: IAD) is a public airport located 25 miles (40 km) west of the central business district of Washington, D.C., in Loudoun County and Fairfax County, Virginia, United States. ... Photo courtesy of AUB Najeeb Halaby (Arabic: ‎; September 19, 1915 - July 2, 2003) was a U.S. businessman, government official, and the father of Queen Noor of Jordan. ... is the 22nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link shows full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For the regional airport in Wisconsin, see John F. Kennedy Memorial Airport. ... Heathrow redirects here. ... Trans World Airlines (IATA: TW, ICAO: TWA, and Callsign: TWA), commonly known as TWA, was an American airline company that was acquired by American Airlines in April 2001. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Deutsche Lufthansa AG (ISIN: DE0008232125) (pronounced ) is the second largest airline in Europe (after Air France - KLM). ... After technical problems with the Comet, BOAC resumed jet service with imported Boeing 707s. ... Northwest Airlines (NASDAQ: NWAC) is an airline headquartered in Eagan, Minnesota. ... American Airlines, Inc. ...


Initially, many airlines regarded the 747 with skepticism. McDonnell Douglas and Lockheed were working on wide-body three engine "tri-jets", which were smaller than the 747. Many airlines believed the 747 would prove too large for an average long distance flight, investing instead in tri-jets. There were also concerns that the 747 would not be compatible with existing airport infrastructure—an issue which has resurfaced with the Airbus A380, due to its double-deck feature.[36] DC-10, retired from American Airlines fleet at gate McDonnell Douglas was a major American aerospace manufacturer, producing a number of famous commercial and military aircraft. ... The Lockheed SR-71 was remarkably advanced for its time and remains unsurpassed in many areas of performance. ... A trijet is an aircraft powered by three jet engines. ...

United Airlines 747-400 parked at Denver International Airport.
United Airlines 747-400 parked at Denver International Airport.

Fuel efficiency was another concern, and this became more critical after the Arab oil crisis, which led to economic stagnation in the United States. This lowered the number of airline passengers and made it difficult for airlines to fill their new 747s, so American Airlines replaced coach seats on its 747s with piano bars in an attempt to attract more customers. Eventually, it relegated its 747s to cargo service and then sold them.[citation needed] Continental Airlines also removed its 747s from service after several years. The advent of smaller, more efficient wide bodies, starting with the trijet DC-10 and L-1011, and followed by the twinjet 767 and A300, took away much of the 747's original market, especially as airline deregulation made point-to-point international service more common.[citation needed] Other airlines that have removed 747s from their fleet include Delta, Air Canada, Eastern, Aer Lingus, Avianca, SAS, TAP, America West and Olympic Airways.[citation needed] Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 926 KB) Summary United Airlines Boeing 747 at Denver International Airport. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 926 KB) Summary United Airlines Boeing 747 at Denver International Airport. ... This article is about Denver International Airport. ... The 1973 oil crisis began in earnest on October 17, 1973, when the members of Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries (OAPEC, consisting of the Arab members of OPEC plus Egypt and Syria) announced, as a result of the ongoing Yom Kippur War, that they would no longer ship petroleum... A short grand piano, with the lid up. ... Continental Airlines (NYSE: CAL) is a U.S. certificated air carrier. ... A trijet is an aircraft powered by three jet engines. ... DC10 redirects here. ... Orbital Sciences Stargazer Lockheed L-1011 The Lockheed L-1011 TriStar was the third widebody passenger jet airliner to reach the marketplace, following the Boeing 747 jumbo jet and the Douglas DC-10. ... A twinjet is an aircraft powered by jet engines. ... American Airlines Boeing 767-300 at Gatwick Airport, England. ... The Airbus A300 is a short to medium range widebody aircraft. ... Look up delta in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Air Canada is Canadas largest airline and flag carrier. ... The term Eastern can have multiple meanings depending on its context. ... Aer Lingus is Irelands national airline. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Scandinavian Airlines System or SAS is a multi-national airline for Denmark, Norway and Sweden, and the leading carrier in the Scandinavian countries, based in Stockholm, Sweden and owned by SAS AB. It is a founding member of the Star Alliance. ... Categories: Organization stubs | Airlines of Portugal ... United States ten major airlines, based at Sky Harbor International Airport in Phoenix, Arizona, with a secondary operations hub at McCarran International Airport in Las Vegas, Nevada. ... Olympic Airlines Boeing 737 Olympic Airlines (Ολυμπιακές Αερογραμμές - O.A.) is the state-run, flag carrier of Greece. ...


From the initial 747-100 model, Boeing developed the higher gross weight -100B variant and higher passenger capacity -100SR (Short Range) variant.[37] The shortened 747SP (Special Performance) with a longer range was also developed in the mid-1970s.[38] The -200 model followed, entering service in 1971. It featured more powerful engines and higher gross weight. Passenger, freighter and combination passenger/freighter versions were produced.[37]


During the 1970s, Boeing studied the development of a shorter body, three-engined 747 to compete with the smaller Lockheed L-1011 TriStar and McDonnell Douglas DC-10, which had lower trip costs than the 747SP. The 747-300 Trijet would have more payload, range and passenger capacity. The center engine would have been fitted in the tail with an s-duct intake similar to the L-1011’s. Wind tunnel testing showed that the upper deck interfered with the airflow into the center engine, and the design was not pursued.[citation needed] The Lockheed L-1011 TriStar, commonly referred to as just L-1011 (pronounced ell-ten-eleven), was the third widebody passenger jet airliner to enter operation, following the Boeing 747 and the McDonnell Douglas DC-10. ... DC10 redirects here. ...


Boeing used the 300 model for an improved version of the 747-200. The -300 model was introduced into airliner service in 1983. It included a Stretched Upper Deck (SUD), more efficient engines and increaded seating capacity. Passenger, short range and combination freighter/passenger versions were produced.[37]


Many international carriers continued to use the 747 on their busiest routes. The type remained popular among Asian airlines for short and medium-range flights between major cities: in Japan, domestic airlines continue to pack 747s to their maximum passenger capacity.[citation needed] Elsewhere, 747s remain popular on long-range trunk routes, such as transoceanic flights and the Kangaroo routes between Europe and Australia. The largest fleet of 747s today belongs to Japan Airlines, at approximately 78 (series -200s, -300s and 44 -400s). British Airways has the next largest fleet of 747s, comprising 57 747-400s. The Kangaroo Route is a term trademarked by Qantas[1] to denote passenger airline flights between Australia and the United Kingdom, via the Eastern Hemisphere. ... For the 1930s airline of similar name, see British Airways Ltd. ...

A size comparison between four large aircraft; the Spruce Goose, an Antonov An-225, an Airbus A380, and a 747-8.
A size comparison between four large aircraft; the Spruce Goose, an Antonov An-225, an Airbus A380, and a 747-8.

The 747 remained the largest passenger airliner until the maiden flight of the Airbus A380. The 747 was the heaviest airliner in regular service until the use of the Antonov An-124 Ruslan in 1982, the 747-400ER model regaining the title in 2000. The Antonov An-225 cargo transport remains the world's largest aircraft by a number of measures (including the most accepted measure of maximum gross takeoff weight and length), and is in service, while the Hughes H-4 Hercules is the largest by only wingspan length, but only flew once.[39] Only two An-225 aircraft have been produced with only one still flying, while the 747 and A380 are made for serial mass production. Image File history File links Giant_planes_comparison. ... Image File history File links Giant_planes_comparison. ... The Hughes H-4 Hercules is a one-off heavy transport aircraft designed and built by the Hughes Aircraft company, making its first and only flight in 1947. ... The An-225 Mriya (Ukrainian: , NATO reporting name: Cossack) is a strategic airlift transport aircraft which was built by Antonov, and is the worlds largest flying airplane ever built by the most commonly accepted measure,[1] maximum gross takeoff weight. ... The Airbus A380 is a double-deck, four-engine airliner manufactured by the European corporation Airbus, an EADS subsidiary. ... An Airbus A340 airliner operated by Air Jamaica An airliner is a large fixed-wing aircraft with the primary function of transporting paying passengers. ... The Airbus A380 is a double-deck, four-engine airliner manufactured by the European corporation Airbus, an EADS subsidiary. ... The Antonov An-124 Ruslan (NATO reporting name: Condor) was the largest aircraft ever mass produced (until production of the Airbus A380), and was, until the advent of the An-225 Mriya, the largest aircraft in production. ... The An-225 Mriya (Ukrainian: , NATO reporting name: Cossack) is a strategic airlift transport aircraft which was built by Antonov, and is the worlds largest flying airplane ever built by the most commonly accepted measure,[1] maximum gross takeoff weight. ... A large military cargo aircraft: the Boeing C-17A Globemaster III A cargo aircraft is an airplane designed and used for the carriage of goods, rather than passengers. ... The Hughes H-4 Hercules is a one-off heavy transport aircraft designed and built by the Hughes Aircraft company, making its first and only flight in 1947. ...


Further developments

Since the arrival of the 747-400 in 1989, several stretching schemes for the 747 have been proposed, but the only design to be adopted is 2005's 747-8. The 747-X program was launched in 1996 as Boeing's response to the Airbus A3XX proposal. The 747-X would have consisted of the 747-500X and 747-600X, seating up to 800 passengers and powered by the Engine Alliance GP7200 turbofan developed for the Airbus A380. However, the airlines preferred Boeing to develop an all-new design instead of an updated 747, and the plan was dropped after a few months. The Boeing 747-400 is the latest version of the Boeing 747 in service. ... The Boeing 747-8 is the latest variant of the Boeing 747, officially announced in 2005. ... The Boeing Company (NYSE: BA, TYO: 7661) is a major aerospace and defense corporation, originally founded by William Edward Boeing. ... This article is about the airliner manufacturer. ... The Airbus A380 is a double-deck, four-engine airliner manufactured by the European corporation Airbus, an EADS subsidiary. ... The Engine Alliance, a 50/50 joint venture between General Electric and Pratt & Whitney, was formed in August 1996 to develop, manufacture, sell, and support a family of modern technology engines for new high-capacity, long-range aircraft. ... Mock-up picture in Emirates colours The Engine Alliance GP7200 is a new turbofan jet engine that will incorporate state-of-the-art advanced technologies of proven wide-body products from the worlds No. ...


After development of the Airbus A380 formally began in 2000, Boeing reexamined its 747-X studies but instead focused on the Sonic Cruiser,[40] and then on the 787 after the Sonic Cruiser program was put on hold indefinitely.[41] Some of the ideas developed for the 747-X were, however, used on the 747-400ER. Boeing Sonic Cruiser (artists concept) The Boeing Sonic Cruiser was a subsonic concept airplane proposed by Boeing Commercial Airplanes in 2001. ... The Boeing 787 Dreamliner is a mid-sized, wide-body, twin engine jet airliner currently in production by Boeing Commercial Airplanes and scheduled to enter service in November 2008. ...


In early 2004, Boeing rolled out tentative plans for the "747 Advanced". Similar in nature to the 747-X plans, the stretched 747 Advanced used advanced technology from the 787 to modernize the design and its systems. On November 14, 2005, Boeing announced it was launching the 747 Advanced as the 747-8.[42] In light of long delays in production of the Airbus A380, two Airbus customers signed additional orders,[43][44] two customers cancelled their A380 orders and several launch customers deferred delivery or considered switching their order to the 747-8 and 777F aircraft.[45][46] Eventually, the 747 (in all forms) may be replaced by a clean-sheet aircraft dubbed "Y3". is the 318th day of the year (319th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Boeing 777 is an American long-range wide-body twin-engine airliner built by Boeing Commercial Airplanes. ... Yellowstone 3 (or Y3) is a Boeing Commercial Airplanes project to replace the 777-300 and 747 product lines. ...


Design

Cargolux 747-400F with the nose loading door open
Cargolux 747-400F with the nose loading door open

The Boeing 747 is a large, wide body (two aisles) airliner with four wing-mounted engines. The wings have a high sweep angle of 37.5 degrees for a fast, efficient cruise[47] of Mach 0.84 to 0.855 depending on variant. Seating capacity is over 366 with a 3-4-3 seat arrangement in economy class and 2-3-2 arrangement in first class on the main deck. The upper deck 3-3 seat arrangement in economy class and a 2-2 arrangement in first class.[48] Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x768, 75 KB) 1999年8月、本人撮影 カーゴルックス航空 ボーイング747-400F, 小松空港 Description: Cargolux Boeing 747-400F at Komatsu Airport, Japan Source: photo taken by Tak Date: August 1999 Author: Tak Permission: GFDL,cc-by-sa-2. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x768, 75 KB) 1999年8月、本人撮影 カーゴルックス航空 ボーイング747-400F, 小松空港 Description: Cargolux Boeing 747-400F at Komatsu Airport, Japan Source: photo taken by Tak Date: August 1999 Author: Tak Permission: GFDL,cc-by-sa-2. ... Cargolux (Cargolux Airlines International) is a cargo airline based in Luxembourg City, Luxembourg. ... The swept wing of an airliner: British Midland Airbus A320-200 A swept-wing is a wing planform used on high-speed aircraft that spend a considerable portion of their flight time in the transonic. ...


The cockpit is raised above the main deck creating a hump. The cockpit raised was to allow front loading of cargo on freight variants.[47] Upper deck behind the cockpit provided space for a lounge or extra seating. The 747 originally had three upper-deck windows per side. After airlines began to use the upper deck for seating, the upper windows increased to ten window per side. The "stretched upper deck" became available as an option on the 747-100B variant and later as standard on the 747-300.


The 747 has multiple structural redundancy with four redundant hydraulic systems, and four main landing gear with 16 wheels which provide a good spread of support on the ground and safety in the event of tire blow-outs. The redundant main gear allows for landing on two opposing gear if the others do not function properly.[14] In addition, the 747 has split control surfaces and sophisticated triple-slotted flaps that minimizes landing speeds allowing it to use standard-length runways.[49] Hydraulics is a branch of science and engineering concerned with the use of liquids to perform mechanical tasks. ... Flaps are hinged surfaces on the trailing edge of an airplane wing which, when deployed, increase the lift (and drag) of a wing by changing the camber of the airfoil. ...


For transportation of spare engines, early 747s include the ability to attach a non-functioning fifth-pod engine under the port wing of the aircraft, between the nearest functioning engine and the fuselage.[50]


Variants

There are five major variants of the 747. The 747-100 was the original and launched in 1966. The 747-200 followed soon after with an order in 1968. The 747-300 was launched in 1980, and was followed in 1985 by the 747-400. Lastly, the 747-8 was announced in 2005. Several versions of each variant have been produced, and many of the early variants were in production at the same time, especially in the 1980s.


747-100

The first model of the jet, the 747-100, rolled out of the new Everett facility on September 30, 1968. The prototype, named City of Everett, first flew on 9 February 1969,[51] and on 22 January 1970, the 747-100 entered service with launch customer Pan American World Airways on the New York-London route.[52] The flight was supposed to occur on January 21, but engine overheating made the original plane unusable and it had to be substituted, creating a more than six-hour delay to the next day.[52] The basic -100 has a range of about 4,500 miles (7,242 km) with full load.[53] is the 273rd day of the year (274th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Boeing 747, commonly called the Jumbo Jet, is one of the most recognizable modern jet airliners and is the largest airliner currently in airline service. ... is the 40th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1969 (number) 1969 (movie) 1969 (Stargate SG-1) episode. ... is the 22nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link shows full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Pan Ams seaplane terminal at Dinner Key in Miami, Florida, was a hub of inter-American travel during the 1930s and 1940s. ... is the 21st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Pan Am 747-100 illustrating the original size of the upper deck design and window layout

The very first 747-100s off the line were built with six (three per side) upper-deck windows to accommodate upstairs lounge areas. A little later, as airlines began to use the upper-deck for premium passenger seating instead of lounge space, Boeing offered a ten window upper deck as an option, and it quickly became the standard. Some -100s were even retrofitted with the new configuration. Pan Am 747 The copyright status of this image is undetermined; it may still be copyrighted. ... Pan Am 747 The copyright status of this image is undetermined; it may still be copyrighted. ... Pan American World Airways (Pan Am) was the United States principal international airline from the 1930s until its collapse in 1991, and was credited with many innovations that shaped the international airline industry. ...


With a MTOW of 735,000 lb compared to the 833,000 lb of the 747-200, no freighter model of this aircraft was offered directly by Boeing. However, upon airline retirement, many 747-100s have been converted to freighters over the years. Their cheap acquisition costs more than compensate for lack of carrying capacity. They are also ideal for parcels since volume is paramount to weight. A 747-100 is owned by General Electric and used as a testbed for their engines such as General Electric GEnx. “GE” redirects here. ... The General Electric GEnx (General Electric Next-generation) is an advanced turbofan under development by GE-Aviation for the Boeing 787. ...


The 747-100 was later superseded by the 747-100B, which has a stronger airframe and undercarriage design.[53] This increased maximum take-off weight to 750,000 pounds (340,000 kg). Optional engine models were offered by Rolls-Royce (RB211) and GE (CF6), but only the Rolls-Royce option was taken up by Saudia. The remaining customers opted for the standard Pratt & Whitney JT9D of the -100. The 747-100B was only delivered to Iran Air and Saudia (now Saudi Arabian Airlines).[54] Luftwaffe Junkers Ju 87s, with fixed conventional landing gear. ... This article is about the aircraft engine company. ... RB211 powered Lockheed L-1011 The Rolls Royce RB.211 family is a family of high-bypass turbofan aircraft engines made by Rolls-Royce capable of generating 37,400 to 60,600 pounds-force (166 to 270 kilonewtons) thrust. ... GE-Aviation, a subsidiary of General Electric, is headquartered in Evendale, Ohio (a Cincinnati suburb). ... CF6 turbofan at the KLM engine shop The General Electric TF39 and CF6 family of high-bypass turbofan engines are the most popular large aircraft turbines in the world, powering civil and military widebodies from a variety of manufacturers. ... a plane of the Saudi Arabian Airlines Saudi Arabian Airlines (Arabic: الخطوط الجوية العربية السعودية) is the national airline of Saudi Arabia, based in Jeddah. ... This is a test The Pratt & Whitney JT9D engine was the first high-bypass-ratio engine to power a wide-bodied aircraft. ... Iran Air is the flag carrier airline of Iran, based in Tehran. ...


747-100SR

With requests from Japanese airlines, Boeing developed the 747SR as a 'Short Range' variant of the 747-100. The SR has a lower fuel capacity, but can carry more passengers – up to 498 passengers in early versions and more than 550 passengers in later models. The 747SR has a modified body structure to accommodate the added stress accumulated from a greater number of take-offs and landings. Later on, short range versions were developed also of the -100B and the -300. The SR aircraft are primarily used on domestic flights in Japan.[55]


Two 747-100B/SRs were delivered to Japan Airlines (JAL) with a stretched upper deck to accommodate more passengers. This is known as the "SUD" (stretched upper deck) modification. This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ...


All Nippon Airways (ANA) operated 747SR on domestic Japanese routes with 455-456 seats but retired the last aircraft on 10 March 2006. JAL operated the 747-100B/SR/SUD aircraft with 563 seats on domestic routes which retired in the third quarter of 2006. JAL and JALways have also been operating the -300SRs on domestic leisure routes and to other parts of Asia. With the arrival of the much more economical Boeing 777-300, the SRs are now being replaced, with just a very few still in operation. All Nippon Airways Co. ... March 10 is the 69th day of the year (70th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... JALways Co. ... American Airlines Boeing 777. ...


A total of 250 -100 (all versions) was produced through 1986.[56] Of these, 167 were 747-100, 45 were SP, 29 were SR, and 9 were 100B. In August 2006, a total of 38 Boeing 747-100 aircraft (all versions) were in airline service with Iran Air (1), Japan Airlines (1), Orient Thai Airlines (2), Saudi Arabian Airlines (7), Evergreen International Airlines (6), Kalitta Air (6), Polar Air Cargo (1) and United Parcel Service (7).[57] Iran Air is the flag carrier airline of Iran, based in Tehran. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... OX redirects here. ... a plane of the Saudi Arabian Airlines Saudi Arabian Airlines (Arabic: الخطوط الجوية العربية السعودية) is the national airline of Saudi Arabia, based in Jeddah. ... Evergreen International Airlines is a cargo airline based in McMinnville, Oregon, USA. It operates contract freight services, offering charters and scheduled flights, as well as wet lease services. ... Kalitta Air is an international cargo airline. ... Polar Air Cargo is an American cargo airline based in Purchase, New York, USA. It operates scheduled all-cargo services to Asia, Europe, Australia, New Zealand and the Americas. ... United Parcel Service, Inc. ...


747SP

Main article: Boeing 747SP
Bahrain Royal Flight Boeing 747SP climbing. The undercarriages have not yet fully retracted.
Bahrain Royal Flight Boeing 747SP climbing. The undercarriages have not yet fully retracted.

The 747SP was a shortened version of the 747-100. It entered service in 1976, with Pan Am. Apart from the upcoming 747-8 the SP is the only 747 with a modified length fuselage. It was designed to fly higher, faster and longer than the 747-100. Boeing hoped that SP would take orders from the Douglas DC-10 and create a niche market, but in the end only 45 were built. The Boeing 747SP is a highly modified version of Boeings Boeing 747-100 offering special performance. Known during development as the short body 747SB, the shortened fuselage permitted longer range flights to be made. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 527 pixelsFull resolution (2276 × 1500 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 527 pixelsFull resolution (2276 × 1500 pixel, file size: 1. ... The Boeing 747SP is a highly modified version of Boeings Boeing 747-100 offering special performance. Known during development as the short body 747SB, the shortened fuselage permitted longer range flights to be made. ... Pan American World Airways (Pan Am) was the United States principal international airline from the 1930s until its collapse in 1991, and was credited with many innovations that shaped the international airline industry. ... Compared to previous 747s, the 747-8 Intercontinental is stretched in two bands for a total extension of 11. ... Biman Bangladesh Airlines McDonnell Douglas DC-10 The McDonnell Douglas DC-10 is a three-engined long-range airliner, with two engines mounted on underwing pylons and a third engine at the base of the vertical stabilizer. ...


As of August 2007, 17 Boeing 747SP aircraft were in service with: Iran Air (3), Saudi Arabian Airlines (1), and Syrian Arab Airlines (2). Additionally, executive versions are in service with Qatar Government (1), Bahrain Government (2), Saudi Arabian Government (2), Oman Government (1), Yemen Government (1) and Las Vegas Sands Group (1). Also, Pratt and Whitney Flight Test (1), and Ernest Angley Ministries (1). Finally, NASA's Dryden Flight Research Center has one (1) for the SOFIA experiment.[58] Iran Air is the flag carrier airline of Iran, based in Tehran. ... a plane of the Saudi Arabian Airlines Saudi Arabian Airlines (Arabic: الخطوط الجوية العربية السعودية) is the national airline of Saudi Arabia, based in Jeddah. ... Syrian Boeing 747SP Syrian Boeing 727 Syrian Arab Airlines (Arabic: مؤسسة الطيران العربية السورية), alternative name Syrianair (السورية) is the national flag-carrier airline of Syria, based in Damascus. ... The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) (IPA [ˈnæsə]) is an agency of the United States government, responsible for the nations public space program. ... Dryden Flight Research Centers fleet of aircraft in 1993. ... The 747SP which now serves as NASAs Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) on a test flight in 1997. ...


747-200

Entering service in 1971, and further improved over successive years, the 747-200 had more powerful engines and higher takeoff weights than the -100, allowing it to fly farther. Optional engine models by GE (CF6) and Rolls-Royce (RB211) were offered for the first time. A few early build -200s retained the three window configuration of the -100 on the upper deck, but most were built with a ten window per side configuration. As on the -100, a stretched upper deck (SUD) modification was offered much later. GE-Aviation, a subsidiary of General Electric, is headquartered in Evendale, Ohio (a Cincinnati suburb). ... CF6 turbofan at the KLM engine shop The General Electric TF39 and CF6 family of high-bypass turbofan engines are the most popular large aircraft turbines in the world, powering civil and military widebodies from a variety of manufacturers. ... This article is about the aircraft engine company. ... RB211 powered Lockheed L-1011 The Rolls Royce RB.211 family is a family of high-bypass turbofan aircraft engines made by Rolls-Royce capable of generating 37,400 to 60,600 pounds-force (166 to 270 kilonewtons) thrust. ...

Air France 747-200 in landing configuration
Air France 747-200 in landing configuration

KLM remains the only airline to perform the retrofit their -200s with the SUD option themselves. A total of 10 conversion were operated by KLM, some performed in-house and some converted by Boeing. The French airline, UTA, and Japan Air Lines also had two aircraft converted each. From a distance, the 747-200 SUD looks very similar to the 747-300 with both having a stretched upper deck and absence of winglets as in found in the 747-400. Image File history File links 540756. ... Image File history File links 540756. ... Air France (formally Société Air France) is Europes largest airline company. ... KLM can also refer to KLM (Human Computer Interaction) KLM Royal Dutch Airlines (in full: Koninklijke Luchtvaart Maatschappij, literally Royal Air Transport Company; usual English: Royal Dutch Airlines) is an airline subsidiary of Air France-KLM based in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. ...


Other versions were also created. The 747-200B is an improved version of the 747-200, with increased fuel capacity and more powerful engines. Qantas took delivery of these from 1971. The -200B aircraft have a full load range of about 6,700 miles (10,700 km). The 747-200F is the freighter version of the -200 model. It could be fitted with or without the nose door. It has a 105 ton capacity and a MTOW of up to 833,000 lb. It entered service in 1972 with Lufthansa. Qantas (Qantas Airways Limited) (IPA: ) is the name and callsign of the national airline of Australia. ...


The 747-200C Convertible is essentially a passenger aircraft that can be converted to a freighter and back when needed. The seats are removable and the fuselage has a much bigger door on the main deck for cargo entry. The -200C could be fitted with a nose door. The 747-200M is a combination version that can carry both freight and passengers at the same time. A wall half way through the main deck separates the cargo at the back from the passengers at the front. This type carries cargo throughout the lower deck and on half the main deck, along with roughly 200 passengers. Also known as the 747-200 Combi.


A total of 393 of the different -200 versions was produced through 1991.[56] Of these, 225 were 747-200, 78 were M, 73 were F, 13 were C, and 4 were military. In August 2006 a total of 239 Boeing 747-200 aircraft (all versions) were in airline service. Major operators include: Japan Airlines (13), Nippon Cargo Airlines (10), Air Atlanta Icelandic (15), Air France (9), Atlas Air (16), Kalitta Air (12), Northwest Airlines (28), Cathay Pacific Airways (7) and Southern Air (9). Some 41 other airlines operate smaller numbers of the type.[57] This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Nippon Cargo Airlines Boeing 747 at Schiphol Airport (Amsterdam, the Netherlands) in December 2003 Nippon Cargo Airlines (NCA, 日本貨物航空 Nippon Kamotsu Kôkû) is a cargo subsidiary of All Nippon Airways. ... Air Atlanta Icelandic is an airline based in Reykjavík, Iceland. ... Air France (formally Société Air France) is Europes largest airline company. ... Atlas Air Boeing 747-200 Atlas Air (IATA: 5Y, ICAO: GTI, and Callsign: Giant) is a cargo airline based in Purchase, New York, USA. It operates scheduled freight flights for some of the worlds leading airlines, flying to 101 cities in 46 countries. ... Kalitta Air is an international cargo airline. ... Northwest Airlines (NYSE: NWA), occasionally known as NWA, is an American airline headquartered in Eagan, Minnesota, near Minneapolis-St. ... Cathay Pacific Airways Limited (國泰航空有限公司 Pinyin (in Mandarin Chinese):Guótài Hángkōng Yŏuxiàn Gōngsī, abbreviated 國泰) is an Asian commercial airline based in Hong Kong. ... Southern Air is an airline based in Norwalk, Connecticut, USA. It operates wet leasing of Boeing 747 cargo aircraft to international air cargo carriers and freight forwarders. ...


747-300

Pakistan International (PIA) 747-300 on final approach to London Heathrow Airport
Pakistan International (PIA) 747-300 on final approach to London Heathrow Airport

Following the aborted 747-300 Trijet, Boeing explored increasing the capacity of the 747 by using fuselage plugs either to stretch the entire aircraft to seat around 600 passengers or to stretching the upper deck the entire length of the fuselage. These plans were dropped in favor of a more simple stretch of the upper deck part way along the length of the fuselage.[59] The 747-300 name was revived for this new version, which was introduced in 1980. It was the first 747 model to feature a "stretched upper deck", which was 23 ft 4 inches (7.1 m) longer than earlier variants. The -300 also had a straight staircase for the upper deck instead of a spiral, and this created more room both below and above for more seats. With minor aerodynamic changes, Boeing increased the cruise speed of the -300 to Mach 0.85 from Mach 0.84 on the -100/-200. Also, with improved fuel economy, range improved to 7,700 mi (12,400 km). ImageMetadata File history File links Pia. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Pia. ... Pakistan International Airlines (also known as PIA), is Pakistans national and international airline. ... Heathrow redirects here. ...


Swissair was the launch customer for the 747-300, but the first plane was delivered to French airline UTA on 1 March 1983.[60] Boeing never launched a 747-300F as it had no operating advantage over the 747-200F, with no cargo carried on the upper deck. Swissair (Swiss Air Transport Company Limited) was the former national airline of Switzerland. ... Union des Transports Aériens (UTA) was the largest wholly privately owned, Independent airline in France. ... is the 60th day of the year (61st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1983 Gregorian calendar). ...


In addition to the passenger version other versions were available. The 747-300M had similar cargo capacity to the -200M, but with the stretched upper deck it could carry more passengers. This proved popular in the fleet of KLM on their Africa routes that had few passengers but considerable air freight. The 747-300SR is a short range version to meet Japanese airlines's need for a high capacity domestic model. JAL operated such aircraft with over 600 seats on Okinawa-Tokyo route and elsewhere. KLM can also refer to KLM (Human Computer Interaction) KLM Royal Dutch Airlines (in full: Koninklijke Luchtvaart Maatschappij, literally Royal Air Transport Company; usual English: Royal Dutch Airlines) is an airline subsidiary of Air France-KLM based in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. ...


Despite the -300's improvements, only 81 aircraft were ordered, 56 for full passenger use, 21 M and 4 SR. One reason for its limited sales was the imminent launch of the much more advanced 747-400 in 1985 (just two years after the -300 entered service) for which most airlines were prepared to wait. Today, most of the -300 versions are still in passenger operation, mainly in south and west Asia.


As of August 2006, a total of 72 Boeing 747-300s (all versions) were in airline service. Airlines operating the 747-300 include JAL/JALways (12), Saudi Arabian Airlines (9), Pakistan International Airlines (PIA) (6), Qantas (6), Air Atlanta Icelandic (6), and some 16 other airlines with smaller numbers of the type.[57] This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... JALways Co. ... a plane of the Saudi Arabian Airlines Saudi Arabian Airlines (Arabic: الخطوط الجوية العربية السعودية) is the national airline of Saudi Arabia, based in Jeddah. ... Pakistan International Airlines Corporation, more commonly known as Pakistan International Airlines or PIA (Urdu: پی آئی اے يا پاکستان انٹرنیشنل ایرلاینز), is the flag carrier airline of Pakistan, based in Karachi. ... Qantas (Qantas Airways Limited) (IPA: ) is the name and callsign of the national airline of Australia. ... Air Atlanta Icelandic is an airline based in Reykjavík, Iceland. ...


747-400

Main article: Boeing 747-400

The 747-400 was offered in several versions like previous 747 variants. It added 6 feet (1.8 m) wing tip extensions and 6 feet (1.8 m) winglets, tail fuel tanks, revised engines, an all-new interior, and an all-new glass cockpit which dispensed with the need for a flight engineer. The Boeing 747-400 is the latest version of the Boeing 747 in service. ... Rutan VariEze, the first aircraft to use winglets in 1975 Learjet 28/29, the first production jet aircraft to use winglets in 1977 McDonnell Douglas MD-11, one of the first airliners to benefit from winglet research Wingtip devices are usually intended to improve the efficiency of fixed-wing aircraft. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... In aviation, a flight engineer (also referred to as systems operator ) is a member of the aircrew of an aircraft who is responsible for checking the aircraft before and after each flight, and for monitoring aircraft systems during flight. ...

All Nippon Airways 747-400. The winglets and engine nacelles of the GE CF6-80C2 are some visible exterior difference from the 747-300. The larger upper deck shares the same exterior appearance as first found in the -300.
All Nippon Airways 747-400. The winglets and engine nacelles of the GE CF6-80C2 are some visible exterior difference from the 747-300. The larger upper deck shares the same exterior appearance as first found in the -300.

The passenger version first entered service in February 1989 with Northwest Airlines on the Minneapolis to Phoenix route.[61] The combi version entered service in September 1989 with KLM. In 1989, a Qantas 747-400 flew non-stop from London to Sydney, a distance of 9,720 nmi (11,190 mi, 18,000 km) in 20 hours and 9 minutes, although this was a delivery flight with no passengers or freight aboard.[62] The freighter version entered service in November 1993 with Cargolux. ANA Boeing 747-400 (JA8958) on the approach to London (Heathrow) Airport (UK). ... ANA Boeing 747-400 (JA8958) on the approach to London (Heathrow) Airport (UK). ... All Nippon Airways Co. ... Northwest Airlines (NYSE: NWA), occasionally known as NWA, is an American airline headquartered in Eagan, Minnesota, near Minneapolis-St. ... KLM can also refer to KLM (Human Computer Interaction) KLM Royal Dutch Airlines (in full: Koninklijke Luchtvaart Maatschappij, literally Royal Air Transport Company; usual English: Royal Dutch Airlines) is an airline subsidiary of Air France-KLM based in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. ... Qantas (Qantas Airways Limited) (IPA: ) is the name and callsign of the national airline of Australia. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... This article is about the metropolitan area in Australia. ... A nautical mile or sea mile is a unit of length. ... Cargolux (Cargolux Airlines International) is a cargo airline based in Luxembourg City, Luxembourg. ...


The 747-400ER extended range passenger and 747-400ERF, extended range freighter variants were launched in 2001 with an order from International Lease Finance Corporation (ILFC). The 747-400ERF entered service in October 2002. The next month, the 747-400ER entered service with Qantas,[63] the only airline ever to order the passenger version of the 747-400ER. Qantas uses the aircraft on its Melbourne-Los Angeles flights, which are too long to operate using a standard 747-400. Qantas (Qantas Airways Limited) (IPA: ) is the name and callsign of the national airline of Australia. ...


In August 2006, a total of 627 Boeing 747-400 aircraft (all versions) were in airline service, with 46 further firm orders. Major operators include: Air China (12), Air India (12), Air New Zealand (8), All Nippon Airways (23), Asiana Airlines (14), Cathay Pacific (43, plus 8 on order), China Airlines (34, plus 2 on order), EVA Air (18), Japan Airlines (44), Korean Air (43), Malaysia Airlines (19), Qantas (30), Singapore Airlines (23), Singapore Airlines Cargo (15), Thai Airways International (18), Air France (21), British Airways (57), Cargolux (14, plus 2 on order), KLM Royal Dutch Airlines (25, plus 1 on order), Lufthansa (30), Virgin Atlantic Airways (13), Atlas Air (11), Northwest Airlines (16) and United Airlines (31). Some 24 airlines also operate the type, but in smaller numbers.[57] Not to be confused with China Airlines, the national airline of the Republic of China (Taiwan). ... Air India (formerly Air-India, Hindi: ) is the national flag carrier of India with a worldwide network of passenger and cargo services. ... Boeing 747-400 Boeing 747-400 Air New Zealand Limited ASX: AIZ NZX: AIR (Air New Zealand) is a scheduled passenger airline based in Auckland, New Zealand, and the national flag carrier. ... All Nippon Airways Co. ... // Asiana Airlines (아시아나 í•­ê³µ Asiana Hanggong KOSDAQ: 020560) (Formerly Seoul Airlines) is an airline based in Seoul, South Korea and is one of South Koreas two major airlines, along with Korean Air. ... Cathay Pacific Airways Limited (SEHK: 0293)(traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is an airline based in Hong Kong, operating scheduled passenger and cargo services to 120 destinations worldwide. ... Not to be confused with Air China, the national airline of Peoples Republic of China. ... EVA Air (Chinese:長榮航空 Chángróng Hángkōng) is a Taiwanese airline based at Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport near Taipei, Taiwan, operating passenger and dedicated cargo services to international destinations in Asia, Australia, New Zealand, Europe, and North America. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Korean Air (formerly Korean Air Lines) (KRXS: 003490) (Korean Air Daehan Hanggong) is the flag carrier airline of Korea, its global headquarters is located in Seoul, Korea. ... Malaysia Airlines (Abbreviated: MAS,马航 ; Malay: Penerbangan Malaysia; Chinese: 马来西亚航空公司; Hanyu Pinyin: MálaixÄ«ya Hángkōng GōngsÄ«) is the national airline of Malaysia, operating scheduled services to over 100 destinations on five continents. ... Qantas (Qantas Airways Limited) (IPA: ) is the name and callsign of the national airline of Australia. ... Singapore Airlines Limited (Abbreviation: SIA; Chinese: ; pinyin: , abbreviated ; Malay: ; Tamil: ) (SGX: S55) is the national airline of Singapore. ... Singapore Airlines Cargo (SIA Cargo), the fully owned subsidiary of Singapore Airlines and incorporated in 1 July 2001, is the worlds third biggest cargo airline in terms of international freight tonne kilometres (FTK). ... Headquarters Thai Airways International Public Company Limited (Thai: ) (SET: THAI) is the national air carrier of Thailand, operating out of Suvarnabhumi Airport, and is a founding member of the Star Alliance network. ... Air France (formally Société Air France) is Europes largest airline company. ... For the 1930s airline of similar name, see British Airways Ltd. ... Cargolux (Cargolux Airlines International) is a cargo airline based in Luxembourg City, Luxembourg. ... KLM Tailfins KLM (in full: Koninklijke Luchtvaart Maatschappij, literally Royal Aviation Company; usual English: Royal Dutch Airlines) is a subsidiary of Air France-KLM. Before its merger with Air France, KLM was the national airline of the Netherlands. ... Deutsche Lufthansa AG (ISIN: DE0008232125) (pronounced ) is the second largest airline in Europe (after Air France - KLM). ... Virgin Atlantic Airways Ltd (usually referred to as Virgin Atlantic) is a British airline which is owned by Richard Bransons Virgin Group (51%) and Singapore Airlines (49%). It operates long-haul routes between the United Kingdom and North America, the Caribbean, Africa, the Middle East, Asia, and Australia from... Atlas Air Boeing 747-200 Atlas Air (IATA: 5Y, ICAO: GTI, and Callsign: Giant) is a cargo airline based in Purchase, New York, USA. It operates scheduled freight flights for some of the worlds leading airlines, flying to 101 cities in 46 countries. ... Northwest Airlines (NYSE: NWA), occasionally known as NWA, is an American airline headquartered in Eagan, Minnesota, near Minneapolis-St. ... United Airlines, also known as United Air Lines, Inc. ...


The last to order was China Airlines in November 2002 and it was delivered to them on April 2005. It was the 1358th 747-400 (MSN33737/B-18215), the last passenger version to be built.[64] Production of the 747-400 passenger version was officially over on 15 March 2007.[65] However, 36 747-400 freighters are still yet to be delivered.[65] is the 74th day of the year (75th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...


747 LCF "Dreamlifter"

Boeing 747 Large Cargo Freighter, also called Dreamlifter, was modified from 747s previously in airline use. The aircraft in the photo is shown before painting

Four used Boeing 747-400 passenger aircraft are to be converted into an outsize configuration to ferry Boeing 787 sub-assemblies to Everett, Washington for final assembly.[66] The first 747 Large Cargo Freighter (LCF) flew for the first time on 9 September 2006.[67] The LCF is not a Boeing production model and will not be sold to any customers or see any cargo airliner operation. It is intended for Boeing's exclusive use. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 554 pixelsFull resolution (1280 × 886 pixel, file size: 721 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Boeing 747 Large Cargo Freighter Metadata... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 554 pixelsFull resolution (1280 × 886 pixel, file size: 721 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Boeing 747 Large Cargo Freighter Metadata... The Boeing 747 Large Cargo Freighter (LCF), known as the Dreamlifter, is a modified Boeing 747-400 used exclusively for transporting aircraft parts to Boeing from suppliers around the world. ... The Boeing 747 Large Cargo Freighter (LCF), known as the Dreamlifter, is a modified Boeing 747-400 used exclusively for transporting aircraft parts to Boeing from suppliers around the world. ... The Boeing 787 Dreamliner is a mid-sized, wide-body, twin engine jet airliner currently in production by Boeing Commercial Airplanes and scheduled to enter service in November 2008. ... County Snohomish Government  - Mayor Ray Stephanson Area  - City 123. ... is the 252nd day of the year (253rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


747-8

Main article: Boeing 747-8

Boeing announced a new 747 variant, the 747-8 (referred to as the 747 Advanced prior to launch) on November 14, 2005, which will use same engine and cockpit technology as the 787 (It was decided to call it the 747-8 because of the technology it will share with the 787 Dreamliner). Boeing plans that the new design will be quieter, more economical and more environmentally friendly. The 747-8 is stretched to add more capacity/payload, which involved a lengthening from 232 to 251 feet (70.8 to 76.4 m). The 747-8 is 251 feet long (76.4 m), and therefore would surpass the Airbus A340-600 to become the world's longest airliner once the aircraft is in service. The Boeing 747-8 is the latest variant of the Boeing 747, officially announced in 2005. ... is the 318th day of the year (319th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Boeing 787 Dreamliner is a mid-sized, wide-body, twin engine jet airliner currently in production by Boeing Commercial Airplanes and scheduled to enter service in November 2008. ... For the road in England, see A340 road. ...


The passenger version, dubbed 747-8 Intercontinental or 747-8I, will be capable of carrying up to 467 passengers in a 3-class configuration and fly over 8,000 nmi to (14,815 km) at Mach 0.855. As a derivative of the already common 747-400, the 747-8 has the economic benefit of similar training and interchangeable parts. The 747-8I is scheduled to enter service in 2010. A nautical mile or sea mile is a unit of length. ... Mach may refer to: Ernst Mach Mach number, as a measure of speed inertial mass GNU Mach The microkernel on which GNU Hurd is based Mach kernel, an operating systems kernel technology used in Mac OS X Mach band, an optical illusion Mach Five, the name of the car in...

Artist's impression of a Boeing 747-8 Intercontinental in the colors of Lufthansa, the launch customer.
Artist's impression of a Boeing 747-8 Intercontinental in the colors of Lufthansa, the launch customer.

Also offered is the 747-8 Freighter or 747-8F, which is a derivative to the 747-400ERF. The 747-8F is 251 feet (76.4 m) long and can accommodate 154 tons (140 tonnes) of cargo. To aid loading and unloading it features an overhead nose-door. It has 16% more payload capacity than the 747-400F and can hold seven additional standard pallets. The 747-8F is scheduled to enter service in 2009 and will be a competitor to the Airbus A380 Freighter. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 750 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (960 × 768 pixel, file size: 110 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)Source: Boeing Commercial Airplanes - [1] Though this image is subject to copyright, I believe its use is covered by the U.S. fair use laws... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 750 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (960 × 768 pixel, file size: 110 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)Source: Boeing Commercial Airplanes - [1] Though this image is subject to copyright, I believe its use is covered by the U.S. fair use laws... Deutsche Lufthansa AG (ISIN: DE0008232125) (pronounced ) is the second largest airline in Europe (after Air France - KLM). ... This article is about the metric tonne. ...


As of November 2007, there were 67 firm orders for the Boeing 747-8F, from Cathay Pacific (10), Atlas Air (12), Nippon Cargo Airlines (8), Cargolux (13), Emirates air cargo (10), Volga-Dnepr (5), Guggenheim Aviation Partners (4) and Korean Air (5). Also, there were a total of 24 firm orders for the Boeing 747-8I, four from Boeing Business Jet and 20 from Lufthansa. Cathay Pacific Airways Limited (SEHK: 0293)(traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is an airline based in Hong Kong, operating scheduled passenger and cargo services to 120 destinations worldwide. ... Atlas Air Boeing 747-200 Atlas Air (IATA: 5Y, ICAO: GTI, and Callsign: Giant) is a cargo airline based in Purchase, New York, USA. It operates scheduled freight flights for some of the worlds leading airlines, flying to 101 cities in 46 countries. ... Nippon Cargo Airlines Boeing 747 at Schiphol Airport (Amsterdam, the Netherlands) in December 2003 Nippon Cargo Airlines (NCA, 日本貨物航空 Nippon Kamotsu Kôkû) is a cargo subsidiary of All Nippon Airways. ... Cargolux (Cargolux Airlines International) is a cargo airline based in Luxembourg City, Luxembourg. ... Korean Air (formerly Korean Air Lines) (KRXS: 003490) (Korean Air Daehan Hanggong) is the flag carrier airline of Korea, its global headquarters is located in Seoul, Korea. ... The Boeing Business Jet series are factory conversions of Boeing airliners for the corporate jet market, initially the 737 series airliners. ... Deutsche Lufthansa AG (ISIN: DE0008232125) (pronounced ) is the second largest airline in Europe (after Air France - KLM). ...


Government and military variants

20-1101 Japanese Air Force One, one of the two customized Boeing 747-400s that have been part of the Japan Air Self-Defense Force since 1993
20-1101 Japanese Air Force One, one of the two customized Boeing 747-400s that have been part of the Japan Air Self-Defense Force since 1993
VC-25A 29000, one of the two highly-customized Boeing 747-200Bs that have been part of the US presidential fleet since 1990
VC-25A 29000, one of the two highly-customized Boeing 747-200Bs that have been part of the US presidential fleet since 1990
  • C-19 - designation given by the U.S. Air Force to 747-100 used by some U.S. airlines which have modifications for use in the Civil Reserve Airlift Fleet.[68]
  • VC-25 - the U.S. Air Force version of 747-200B. The US Air Force operates two in VIP configuration as the VC-25A. Tail numbers 28000 and 29000 are popularly known as Air Force One, which is technically the air traffic call sign for any United States Air Force aircraft carrying the US President. Although based on the 747-200B, they contain many of the innovations introduced on the 747-400, such as an updated flight deck and engines. Partially completed aircraft from Everett, Washington were flown to Wichita, Kansas for final assembly, in contrast with civilian aircraft, which are completed in Everett.
  • E-4B - formerly known as National Emergency Airborne Command Post (referred to colloquially as "Kneecap"), now referred to as National Airborne Operations Center (NAOC).
  • YAL-1 - the experimental Airborne Laser, a component of the National Missile Defense plan.
  • Shuttle Carrier Aircraft - Two 747s were modified to carry the Space Shuttle. One is a 747-100 (N905NA), acquired in 1974 from American Airlines; the other is a 747-100SR (N911NA), acquired from Japan Airlines in 1988. It first carried a shuttle in 1991.
  • A number of other governments also use the 747 as a VIP transport, including Bahrain, Brunei, India, Iran, Japan, Kuwait, Oman, Pakistan, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and United Arab Emirates. Recently, several new Boeing 747-8 have been ordered by Boeing Business Jet for conversion to VIP Transport for several unidentified customers.[69]
  • C-33 - proposed U.S. military version of 747-400, which was intended to augment the C-17 fleet, but the plan was cancelled in favor of additional C-17 military transports.
  • KC-33A - proposed 747 was also adapted as an aerial refueling tanker, and was bid against the DC-10-30 during the 1970s Advanced Cargo Transport Aircraft (ACTA) program which resulted in the KC-10A Extender. Before the Khomeini-led revolution, Iran bought four 747-100 aircraft with air refueling boom conversions to support a fleet of F-4 Phantoms. It is not known whether these aircraft remain usable as tankers. Since then other proposals have emerged for adaptation of later 747-400 aircraft for this role.[70]
  • 747 CMCA - This variant was considered by the U.S. Air Force as a Cruise Missile Carrier Aircraft during the development of the B-1 Lancer strategic bomber. It would have been equipped with up to 72 AGM-86 ALCM cruise missiles on rotary launchers. This was abandoned in favor of more conventional strategic bombers.

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The Japan Air Self-Defense Force ), or JASDF, is the aviation branch of the Japan Self-Defense Forces responsible for the defense of Japanese airspace and other aerospace operations. ... Download high resolution version (3008x1960, 537 KB) MACDILL AIR FORCE BASE, Fla. ... Download high resolution version (3008x1960, 537 KB) MACDILL AIR FORCE BASE, Fla. ... This article is about the aircraft. ... For the current aircraft, see Boeing VC-25. ... This article is about the aircraft. ... A Very Important Person, or VIP is a person who is accorded special privileges due to his or her status or importance. ... For the current aircraft, see Boeing VC-25. ... “The U.S. Air Force” redirects here. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      For other uses, see President of the United States (disambiguation). ... The Boeing E-4 Advanced Airborne Command Post, with a project name of Nightwatch, is an aircraft operated by the United States Air Force and is specially built to serve as a survivable mobile command post for the National Command Authority, including the President of the United States, the Secretary... The Boeing YAL-1 Airborne Laser (ABL) weapons system is a megawatt-class chemical oxygen iodine laser (COIL) primarily designed to destroy tactical ballistic missiles (TBMs), similar to the Scud, while in boost phase. ... The Airborne Laser (ABL) weapons system is designed to shoot down ballistic missiles in their boost stage. ... A payload launch vehicle carrying a prototype exoatmospheric kill vehicle is launched from Meck Island at the Kwajalein Missile Range on December 3, 2001, for an intercept of a ballistic missile target over the central Pacific Ocean. ... Atlantis transported by a Boeing 747 Shuttle Carrier Aircraft Schematic 3-view The Shuttle Carrier Aircraft (SCA) are two extensively modified Boeing 747 jetliners that NASA uses to transport a space shuttle orbiter. ... This article is about the space vehicle. ... The Boeing 747-8 is the latest variant of the Boeing 747, officially announced in 2005. ... The Boeing Business Jet series are factory conversions of Boeing airliners for the corporate jet market, initially the 737 series airliners. ... C-33 is the US military designation for Boeing 747-400 series intend to augment C-17 fleet, but the plan was cancelled in favor of purchasing additional C-17 military transports. ... For the Lockheed aircraft with this designation, see C-17 Super Vega. ... Boom and receptacle: USAF KC-135R Stratotanker, two F-15s (twin fins) and two F-16s, on an aerial refueling training mission IAF Il-76 MD refueling two Mirage 2000 fighter jets German Luftwaffe Airbus A310 MRTT ready for refueling, shown at the Paris Air Show 2007 Aerial refueling, also... A tanker is an aircraft used for in-flight refuelling. ... The B-1 Lancer is an American strategic bomber with variable geometry wings. ... The Boeing AGM-86B and AGM-86C ALCM are sub-sonic air-launched cruise missiles (ALCMs) operated by the United States Air Force. ... A Taurus KEPD 350 cruise missile of the German Luftwaffe A cruise missile is a guided missile which carries an explosive payload and uses a lifting wing and a propulsion system, usually a jet engine, to allow sustained flight; it is essentially a flying bomb. ...

Undeveloped variants

Boeing has studied a number of 747 variants which have not gone beyond the drawing board.


747-500X/-600X/-700X

Boeing announced the 747-500X/-600X at the 1996 Farnborough Airshow[71] to compete with the Airbus A3XX (later named A380). The aircraft would combine the 747's fuselage with a new 251 ft (77 m) span wing derived from that of the 777. Other changes included new engines similar to those being developed for the A3XX and an increasing in the number of tires from two to four on the nose landing gear and from 16 to 20 on the main landing gear.[72] The Airbus A380 is a double-deck, four-engine airliner manufactured by the European corporation Airbus, an EADS subsidiary. ... The Boeing 777 is an American long-range wide-body twin-engine airliner built by Boeing Commercial Airplanes. ...


The 747-500X concept featured a slight stretch of the 747-400's fuselage and would have been able to carry 462 passengers over ranges of up to 10,000 miles (8,700 nmi or 16,100 km), with at least 10 tons of extra payload capacity. The 747-600X concept featured a greater stretch of the 747-400's fuselage, allowing it to carry 548 passengers over ranges of up to 8,900 miles (7,700 nmi or 14,300 km). If it had been developed, the 747-600 would have been the longest commercial airliner, at 279 ft (85 m), which is longer than the ICAO standard 80 m x 80 m box for large aircraft. While studies concentrated on these two derivatives, a third was also being considered. The 747-700X would have combined the wing of the 747-600X with a widened fuselage, allowing it to carry 650 passengers over the same range as a 747-400.[citation needed]


Because of the extent of modifications over the previous 747 models, in particular the new wing, the 747-500X/-600X would have cost in excess of $5 billion to develop. This proved too much, and Boeing was unable to attract enough interest to launch the aircraft.[citation needed]


747X/X Stretch

As Airbus progressed with its A3XX study, in 1999 Boeing again offered the market a 747 derivative as an alternative. This was a more modest proposal than the previous -500X/-600X, which would retain the 747's overall wing design, albeit with a relofted center section increasing the span to 229 ft (70 m).[73] Power would have been supplied by either the Engine Alliance GP7172 or the Rolls-Royce Trent 600, which were also proposed for the 767-400ERX. A new flight deck based on the 777’s would be used. The 747X concept featured a slight stretch over the 747-400’s fuselage, allowing it to carry 430 passengers over ranges of up to 10,000 miles (8,700 nm/16,100 km). The 747X Stretch would be extended to 263 ft (80 m) long, allowing it to carry 500 passengers over ranges of up to 9,000 miles (7,800 nmi/14,500 km). Both would feature an interior based on the 777's signature architecture. A freighter model of the 747X was also envisaged. The Engine Alliance GP7000 (known as the GP7200 for a brief time period) is a new turbofan jet engine that will incorporate advanced technologies of proven wide-body products, originally from the worlds No. ... Rolls-Royce Trent 900 on A380 prototype Rolls Royce Trent is a family of high bypass turbofan engines manufactured by Rolls-Royce. ... American Airlines Boeing 767-300 at Gatwick Airport, England. ...


Like the predecessor, the 747X family was unable to garner enough interest to justify production, and was shelved along with the 767-400ERX in March 2001, when Boeing announced the Sonic Cruiser concept. While the design had been less costly than the 747-500X/-600X, it was criticized for not offering a sufficient advance from the existing 747-400. While the 747X did not make it beyond the drawing board, the 747-400X, which was being developed concurrently, did move into production to become the 747-400ER. The Boeing Sonic Cruiser was a subsonic concept airplane proposed by Boeing Commercial Airplanes in 2001. ... The Boeing 747-400 is the latest version of the Boeing 747 in service. ...


747-400XQLR

Following the termination of the 747X program, Boeing continued to study improvements which could be made to the aircraft. The 747-400XQLR (Quiet Long Range) would have featured longer range than the 747-400ER, at 7980 nm (14,800 km), along with improvements to improve efficiency and reduce noise.[74] Improvements studied included raked wingtips similar to those used on the 767-400ER, and a sawtooth engine nacelle for noise reduction. While the 747-400XQLR did not move to production, many features were picked up for the 747 Advanced, which has now been launched as the 747-8. The Boeing 747-8 is the latest variant of the Boeing 747, officially announced in 2005. ...


Specifications

Measurement 747-100 747-200B 747-300 747-400 747-400ER 747-8I
Cockpit Crew Three Two
Typical Seating capacity 452 (2-class)
366 (3-class)
524 (2-class)
416 (3-class)
467 (3-class)
Length 231 ft 10 in (70.6 m) 250 ft 8 in (76.4 m)
Wingspan 195 ft 8 in (59.6 m) 211 ft 5 in (64.4 m) 224 ft 9 in (68.5 m)
Height 63 ft 5 in (19.3 m) 63 ft 8 in (19.4 m) 63 ft 6 in (19.4 m)
Weight empty 358,000 lb
(162,400 kg)
383,000 lb
(174,000 kg)
392,800 lb
(178,100 kg)
393,263 lb
(178,756 kg)
361,640 lb
(164,382 kg)
410,000 lb
(185,972 kg)
Maximum take-off weight 735,000 lb
(333,390 kg)
833,000 lb
(377,842 kg)
833,000 lb
(377,842 kg)
875,000 lb
(396,890 kg)
910,000 lb
(412,775 kg)
970,000 lb
(439,985 kg)
Cruising speed Mach 0.84
(555 mph, 895 km/h, 481 knots at 35,000 ft cruise altitude)
Mach 0.85
(567 mph, 913 km/h,
487 knots at same altitude)
Mach 0.855
(567 mph, 913 km/h, 490 knots at same altitude)
Maximum speed Mach 0.89
(587 mph, 945 km/h, 510 knots)
Mach 0.92
(608 mph, 977 km/h, 527 knots)
Takeoff run at MTOW 10,466 ft (3,190 m) 10,466 ft (3,190 m) 10,893 ft (3,320 m) 9,902 ft (3,018 m) 10,138 ft (3,090 m) 10,138 ft (3,090 m)
Range fully loaded 5,300 nmi
(9,800 km)
6,850 nmi
(12,700 km)
6,700 nmi
(12,400 km)
7,260 nmi
(13,450 km)
7,670 nmi
(14,205 km)
8,000 nmi
(14,815 km)
Max. fuel capacity 48,445 US gal
(183,380 L)
52,410 US gal (199,158 L) 57,285 US gal
(216,840 L)
63,705 US gal
(241,140 L)
64,225 US gal
(243,120 L)
Engine models PW JT9D-7A
GE CF6-50A2
RR RB211-524B2
PW JT9D-7R4G2
GE CF6-50E2
RR RB211-524D4
PW JT9D-7R4G2
GE CF6-80C2B1
RR RB211-524D4
PW 4062
GE CF6-80C2B5F
RR RB211-524H
GE CF6-80C2B5F GEnx-2B67
Engine thrust (per engine) PW 46,500 lbf
(207 kN)
GE 46,500 lbf
(207 kN)
RR 50,100 lbf
(223 kN)
PW 54,750 lbf (244 kN)
GE 52,500 lbf (234 kN)
RR 53,000 lbf
(236 kN)
PW 54,750 lbf
(244 kN)
GE 55,640 lbf
(247 kN)
RR 53,000 lbf (236 kN)
PW 63,300 lbf (282 kN)
GE 62,100 lbf (276 kN)
RR 59,500 lbf (265 kN)
GE 62,100 lbf
(276 kN)
66,500 lbf
(296 kN)

Sources: 747 specifications,[75] 747 airport report[76] A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... An inch (plural: inches; symbol or abbreviation: in or, sometimes, ″ - a double prime) is the name of a unit of length in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... The pound or pound-mass (abbreviations: lb, , lbm, or sometimes in the United States: #) is a unit of mass (sometimes called weight in everyday parlance) in a number of different systems, including the imperial and US and older English systems. ... Mach may refer to: Ernst Mach Mach number, as a measure of speed inertial mass GNU Mach The microkernel on which GNU Hurd is based Mach kernel, an operating systems kernel technology used in Mac OS X Mach band, an optical illusion Mach Five, the name of the car in... Miles per hour is a unit of speed, expressing the number of international miles covered per hour. ... A knot is a unit of speed abbreviated kt or kn. ... A nautical mile or sea mile is a unit of length. ... U.S. customary units, commonly known in the United States as English units or standard units, are units of measurement that are currently used in the U.S., in some cases alongside units from SI (the International System of Units—the modern metric system). ... This is a test The Pratt & Whitney JT9D engine was the first high-bypass-ratio engine to power a wide-bodied aircraft. ... CF6 turbofan at the KLM engine shop The General Electric TF39 and CF6 family of high-bypass turbofan engines are the most popular large aircraft turbines in the world, powering civil and military widebodies from a variety of manufacturers. ... RB211 powered Lockheed L-1011 The Rolls Royce RB.211 family is a family of high-bypass turbofan aircraft engines made by Rolls-Royce capable of generating 37,400 to 60,600 pounds-force (166 to 270 kilonewtons) thrust. ... The Pratt & Whitney PW4000 is a family of high-bypass turbofan aircraft engines with certified thrust ranging from 52,000 to 99,040 lbf (230 to 441 kN). ... The General Electric GEnx (General Electric Next-generation) is an advanced turbofan under development by GE-Aviation for the Boeing 787. ... The pound-force is a non-SI unit of force or weight (properly abbreviated lbf or lbf). The pound-force is equal to a mass of one pound multiplied by the standard acceleration due to gravity on Earth (which is defined as exactly 9. ...


The parasitic drag is given by ½ f ρair in which f is the product of a drag coefficient CDp and the wing area. For the 747, CDP is 0.022, and the wing area is 5500 square feet, so that f equals about 121 ft² or 11.2 m².[77] Parasitic drag (also called parasite drag) is drag caused by moving a solid object through a fluid. ...


747 Deliveries

2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 1996 1995 1994 1993 1992 1991 1990 1989
- 13 14 13 15 19 27 31 25 47 53 39 26 25 40 56 61 64 70 45
1988 1987 1986 1985 1984 1983 1982 1981 1980 1979 1978 1977 1976 1975 1974 1973 1972 1971 1970 1969
24 23 35 24 16 22 26 53 73 67 32 20 27 21 22 30 30 69 92 4

is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...

Preserved aircraft

While later versions are still in production, earlier variants have been retired. Most, like this Continental Airlines 747-200 at the Mojave Airport, have been cut up for scrap
While later versions are still in production, earlier variants have been retired. Most, like this Continental Airlines 747-200 at the Mojave Airport, have been cut up for scrap

As increasing numbers of 'classic' 747-100 and 747-200 series have been retired, some have found their way into aircraft museums. They include: Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (2,560 × 1,920 pixels, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (2,560 × 1,920 pixels, file size: 1. ... Continental Airlines (NYSE: CAL) is a U.S. certificated air carrier. ... The Mojave Spaceport, also known as the Mojave Airport and Civilian Flight Test Center, is the first facility to be licensed in the United States for horizontal launches of reusable spacecraft. ...

The Boeing 747, commonly called the Jumbo Jet, is one of the most recognizable modern jet airliners and is the largest airliner currently in airline service. ... For the Museum of Flight in East Lothian, Scotland, see Museum of Flight (Scotland). ... Seattle redirects here. ... For the capital city of the United States, see Washington, D.C.. For other uses, see Washington (disambiguation). ... KLM can also refer to KLM (Human Computer Interaction) KLM Royal Dutch Airlines (in full: Koninklijke Luchtvaart Maatschappij, literally Royal Air Transport Company; usual English: Royal Dutch Airlines) is an airline subsidiary of Air France-KLM based in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. ... The aviodrome is a large aviation museum in The Netherlands located on Lelystad Airport since 2003. ... Lelystad ( â–¶ (help· info)) is a municipality and a city in the centre of the Netherlands, and it is the capital of the province of Flevoland. ... Qantas (Qantas Airways Limited) (IPA: ) is the name and callsign of the national airline of Australia. ... The Qantas Founders Outback Museum is a transport museum at Longreach, Queensland, Australia. ... Longreach Airport is situated in rural Queensland, Australia. ... The river water tower in Longreach Longreach is a town located in central western Queensland, Australia and is approximately 700 kilometres from the coast, west of Rockhampton. ... Slogan or Nickname: Sunshine State, Smart State Motto(s): Audax at Fidelis (Bold but Faithful) Other Australian states and territories Capital Brisbane Government Constitutional monarchy Governor Quentin Bryce Premier Anna Bligh (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 28  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2004-05)  - Product ($m)  $158,506 (3rd... South African Airways (SAA) is South Africas largest domestic and international airline company, with hubs in Cape Town and Johannesburg. ... Rand Airport (IATA: QRA, ICAO: FAGM) is an airport in Germiston, South Africa. ... This article is about the city in South Africa. ... Deutsche Lufthansa AG (ISIN: DE0008232125) (pronounced ) is the second largest airline in Europe (after Air France - KLM). ... The Technik Museum Speyer is a museum in Speyer (Rhineland-Palatinate), Germany. ... Speyer (English formerly Spires) is a city in Germany (Rhineland-Palatinate) with approx. ... Air France (formally Société Air France) is Europes largest airline company. ... The Musée de lAir et de lEspace, or The Museum of Air and Space, is a French museum, located on the grounds of the Le Bourget Airport near Paris. ... Le Bourget airport (Aéroport du Bourget) is an airport, located in Le Bourget, close to Paris, France, nowadays only used for general aviation (business jets) as well as air shows. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... Iran Air is the flag carrier airline of Iran, based in Tehran. ... For other uses, see Tehran (disambiguation). ... Korean Air (formerly Korean Air Lines) (KRXS: 003490) (Korean Air Daehan Hanggong) is the flag carrier airline of Korea, its global headquarters is located in Seoul, Korea. ... Jeju is the smallest province of South Korea, situated on its largest island. ... Northwest Airlines (NYSE: NWA), occasionally known as NWA, is an American airline headquartered in Eagan, Minnesota, near Minneapolis-St. ... National Air and Space Museum exterior The National Air and Space Museum (NASM) of the Smithsonian Institution is a museum in Washington, D.C., United States, and is the most popular of the Smithsonian museums. ... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ...

Incidents

As of May 2007, there were a total of 45 hull-loss occurrences involving 747s,[81] with 3,707 fatalities.[82] 2007 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Very few crashes have been attributed to design flaws of the 747. The Tenerife disaster was a result of pilot error, ATC error and communications failure, while Japan Airlines Flight 123 was the consequence of improper aircraft repair. United Airlines Flight 811, which suffered an explosive decompression mid-flight on February 24, 1989, subsequently had NTSB issuing a recommendation to have all similar 747-200 cargo doors modified. TWA Flight 800, a 747-100 that exploded mid-air on 17 July 1996, led to the Federal Aviation Administration proposing a rule requiring the installation of an inerting system in the center fuel tank for most large aircraft. Japan Airlines Flight 123 was a Japan Airlines domestic flight from Tokyo International Airport to Osaka International Airport. ... Cargo door recovered by US Navy divers United Airlines Flight 811 experienced an explosive decompression on Friday, February 24, 1989 after take-off from Honolulu International Airport, Honolulu, Hawaii. ... is the 55th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... The National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) is a U.S. government organization responsible for investigation of accidents involving aviation, highway, marine, pipelines and railroads in the United States. ... Trans World Airlines (TWA) Flight 800, a Boeing 747-131, N93119, crashed on July 17, 1996, about 20:31 EDT (00:31, July 18 UTC), in the Atlantic Ocean near East Moriches, New York. ... is the 198th day of the year (199th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... “FAA” redirects here. ... An inerting system is a device that attempts to increase the safety of a fuel tank, ball mill, or other sealed or closed-in tank that contains highly flammable material, by pumping nitrogen, steam, carbon dioxide, or some other inert gas or vapor into its air space in order to...


Notable incidents

is the 324th day of the year (325th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the 1974 Gregorian calendar. ... Deutsche Lufthansa AG (ISIN: DE0008232125) (pronounced ) is the second largest airline in Europe (after Air France - KLM). ... Lufthansa Flight 540, registered as D-ABYB, was a commercial Lufthansa Boeing 747-130, carrying 157 persons (140 passengers and 17 crew members), operating final segment of its routing Frankfurt–Nairobi–Johannesburg. ... Nairobi (pronounced IPA: ) is the capital and largest city of Kenya. ... The Tenerife collision took place on March 27, 1977, at 17:06:56 local time (also GMT), when two Boeing 747 airliners collided at Los Rodeos (TCI) on the island of Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain, killing 583 people. ... Tenerife has two airports: Los Rodeos Airport, also known as Tenerife North. ... is the 86th day of the year (87th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1977 (album) by Ash. ... A death toll is the number of dead as a result of war, violence, accident, natural disaster, extreme weather, or disease. ... Air India Flight 855 was a flight that crashed on 1 January 1978. ... This article is about January 1 in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1978 Gregorian calendar). ... For the 1930s airline of similar name, see British Airways Ltd. ... British Airways Flight 009, sometimes referred to as the Jakarta incident, was a flight from London Heathrow to Auckland, with stops in Bombay, Madras, Kuala Lumpur, Perth and Melbourne. ... is the 175th day of the year (176th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... Jakarta (also DKI Jakarta), is the capital and largest city of Indonesia. ... Korean Air Lines Flight 007, also known as KAL 007 or KE007, was a Korean Air Lines civilian airliner shot down by Soviet jet interceptors on September 1, 1983 just west of Sakhalin island. ... The Soviet Air Force, also known under the abbreviation VVS, transliterated from Russian: ВВС, Военно-воздушные силы (Voenno-Vozdushnye Sily), formed the official designation of the air force of the Soviet Union. ... is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1983 Gregorian calendar). ... Air-India Flight 182 was a Boeing 747 that exploded on June 23, 1985 while at an altitude of 31,000 feet (9500 m) above the Atlantic Ocean, south of Ireland; all 329 on board were killed, of whom 136 were children and 280 were Canadian citizens. ... is the 174th day of the year (175th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... is the 254th day of the year (255th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... Japan Airlines Flight 123 was a Japan Airlines domestic flight from Tokyo International Airport to Osaka International Airport. ... is the 224th day of the year (225th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... The vertical stabilizer or fin of an aircraft is found on its tail, generally pointing straight upward. ... South African Airways (SAA) is South Africas largest domestic and international airline company, with hubs in Cape Town and Johannesburg. ... On November 28, 1987, Flight 295, a Boeing B-747-244B Combi, registered ZS-SAS, called the Helderberg and flying the colors of South African Airways, took off from Chiang Kai Shek International Airport near Taipei, Taiwan, on a flight to Johannesburg via Plaisance International Airport in the Republic of... Nickname: Coordinates: , Country Region City seat Xinyi District (信義區) Government  - Mayor Hau Lung-bin (KMT)1 E9 Area  - City 271. ... This article is about the city in South Africa. ... is the 332nd day of the year (333rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays 1987 Gregorian calendar). ... PA 103 redirects here. ... is the 355th day of the year (356th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ... United Airlines, also known as United Air Lines, Inc. ... Cargo door recovered by US Navy divers United Airlines Flight 811 experienced an explosive decompression on Friday, February 24, 1989 after take-off from Honolulu International Airport, Honolulu, Hawaii. ... is the 55th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... Explosive decompression (ED) is a sudden drop in pressure that occurs in 0. ... Honolulu as seen from the International Space Station Honolulu is the largest city and the capital of the U.S. state of Hawai‘i. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... On October 4, 1992, El Al Flight 1862, a Boeing 747 cargo plane of the Israeli airline El Al, crashed into the Groeneveen and Klein-Kruitberg flats in the Bijlmermeer (colloquially Bijlmer) neighbourhood (part of Amsterdam Zuidoost) of Amsterdam, Netherlands. ... Air Traffic Control Towers (ATCTs) at Schiphol Airport Schiphol (municipality Haarlemmermeer) is the Netherlands main airport. ... is the 277th day of the year (278th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Amsterdam Zuidoost. ... Trans World Airlines (TWA) Flight 800, a Boeing 747-131, N93119, crashed on July 17, 1996, about 20:31 EDT (00:31, July 18 UTC), in the Atlantic Ocean near East Moriches, New York. ... is the 198th day of the year (199th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... a plane of the Saudi Arabian Airlines Saudi Arabian Airlines (Arabic: الخطوط الجوية العربية السعودية) is the national airline of Saudi Arabia, based in Jeddah. ... Saudi Arabian Airlines Flight 763 (SV 763), registration HZ-AIH, was a Boeing 747-168B en route from New Delhi, India, to Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, on November 12, 1996. ... Air Kazahkstan was an airline based in Kazakhstan. ... The Ilyushin Il-76 (NATO reporting name: Candid) is a 4-engined strategic airlifter designed in the Soviet Union and in widespread use in eastern Europe, Asia and Africa. ... Korean Air Flight 801 (KE801, KAL801) crashed on August 6, 1997 on approach to Antonio B. Won Pat International Airport, Guam. ... is the 218th day of the year (219th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ... Antonio B. Won Pat International Airport (IATA: GUM, ICAO: PGUM), also known as Guam International Airport, is an airport located in Tamuning and Barrigada, six miles northeast of the capital city of HagÃ¥tña (formerly Agana) in the U.S. territory of Guam. ... Singapore Airlines Flight 006 was a scheduled flight from Singapore Changi Airport to Los Angeles International Airport via Chiang Kai-Shek Airport (now Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport) in Taiwan. ... The Boeing 747-400 is the latest version of the Boeing 747 in service. ... Los Angeles and L.A. redirect here. ... Nickname: Coordinates: , Country Region City seat Xinyi District (信義區) Government  - Mayor Hau Lung-bin (KMT)1 E9 Area  - City 271. ... is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... A view of the Chiang-Kai Shek International Airport Chiang Kai-shek International Airport (中正國際航空站, pinyin: Zhōngzhèng Gúojī Hángkōngzhàn) is located in Taiwan, Republic of China and is one of two airports that serve Taipei. ... China Airlines Flight 611 Callsign: Dynasty 611 (CAL611, CI611) was a regularly scheduled flight from Chiang Kai Shek International Airport in Taoyuan to Hong Kong International Airport in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the Peoples Republic of China. ... is the 145th day of the year (146th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... Chek Lap Kok Airport Traditional Chinese: Simplified Chinese: Hong Kong International Airport (IATA: HKG, ICAO: VHHH) is the main airport in Hong Kong. ... A view of the Chiang-Kai Shek International Airport Chiang Kai-shek International Airport (中正國際航空站, pinyin: Zhōngzhèng Gúojī Hángkōngzhàn) is located in Taiwan, Republic of China and is one of two airports that serve Taipei. ... Nickname: Coordinates: , Country Region City seat Xinyi District (信義區) Government  - Mayor Hau Lung-bin (KMT)1 E9 Area  - City 271. ...

Facts and Figures

is the 144th day of the year (145th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... El Al Boeing 777-200ER El Al Israel Airlines (‎, skyward) (TASE: ELAL) is the flag carrier and largest airline of Israel. ... The Beta Israel (or House of Israel), known by outsiders by the pejorative term Falasha or Falash Mura (exiles or strangers) are Jews of Ethiopian origin. ... For the long-distance runner, see Addis Abebe. ... Operation Solomon was a 1991 covert Israeli military operation to take Ethiopian Jews to Israel. ... Airport 1975 is a 1974 disaster film and the first sequel to the successful 1970 hit Airport. ... A disaster movie is a movie that has an impending or ongoing disaster (e. ... Snakes on a Plane is a cult high concept,[1] horror-thriller feature film[2] starring Samuel L. Jackson. ... Terrorist Egor Korshunov (Gary Oldman) confronts the President of the United States (Harrison Ford). ... Turbulence is a 1997 film directed by Robert Butler which stars Ray Liotta and Lauren Holly. ... Executive Decision is a 1996 action film released on Friday, March 15, 1996. ...

References

Notes
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  2. ^ a b Boeing Commercial Airplanes prices. Retrieved on June 26, 2007.
  3. ^ "Boeing boosts aircraft prices 5.5% on rising cost of labor, materials", Air Transport World, June 26, 2007.
  4. ^ http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/4926216.stm
  5. ^ http://www.amazon.com/747-Creating-Worlds-Adventures-Aviation/dp/0060882417
  6. ^ a b "Great Planes-Boeing 747", Discovery Channel, accessed October 28, 2007.
  7. ^ "Technical Characteristics -- Boeing 747-400", Boeing Commercial Airplanes Access date: 29 April 2006.
  8. ^ http://www.flightlevel350.com/Boeing-747_aircraft_facts.html
  9. ^ "Model 747", Orders and Deliveries, The Boeing Company, retrieved 25 November 2006.
  10. ^ a b c d History - "747 Commercial Transport", The Boeing Company, 29 April 2006.
  11. ^ Irving 1994, p. 282.
  12. ^ a b "The Boeing 747", Judy Rumerman, U.S. Centennial of Flight Commission, Access date: 30 April 2006.
  13. ^ "The Concorde Supersonic Transport", T.A. Heppenheimer, US Centennial of Flight Commission, Access date: 30 April 2006.
  14. ^ a b Sutter 2006, p. 128-131.
  15. ^ Bowers 1989, p. 508.
  16. ^ a b "Passenger Planes: Boeing 747", David Noland, Infoplease (Pearson Education), retrieved 30 April 2006.
  17. ^ Irving 1994, p. 359.
  18. ^ "Major Production Facilities - Everett, Washington", Boeing Commercial Airplanes, Access date: 28 April 2007.
  19. ^ Irving 1994, p. 310.
  20. ^ Irving 1994, p. 365.
  21. ^ http://www.boeing.com/commercial/facilities/
  22. ^ Irving 1994, p. 383.
  23. ^ "All but off the Ground." Time, 4 October 1968.
  24. ^ "The Giant Takes Off". Time 21 February 1969.
  25. ^ "Boeing 747, the "Queen of the Skies," Celebrates 35th Anniversary", The Boeing Company press release, 9 February 2004.
  26. ^ Irving 1994, p. 417–418.
  27. ^ Irving 1994, p. 428.
  28. ^ Uijt de Haag, P.A., Smetsers, R.C., Witlox, H.W., Krus H.W. and Eisenga, A.H. "Evaluating the risk from depleted uranium after the Boeing 747-258F crash in Amsterdam, 1992." Journal of Hazardous Materials Volume 76, issue 1, 28 August 2000, p. 39-58. Boeing 747-258F crash, Amsterdam, 1992 Access date: 16 May 2007.
  29. ^ van der Keur, Henk. Uranium Pollution from the Amsterdam 1992 Plane Crash. Laka Foundation, May 1999. Uranium Pollution, Amsterdam 1992 Plane Crash Access date: 16 May 2007.
  30. ^ Irving 1994, p. 441-446.
  31. ^ Trouble with Jumbo "The Trouble with Jumbo." Time, 26 September 1969.
  32. ^ Irving 1994, p. 436.
  33. ^ Jane's All the World's Aircraft: Boeing 747-400
  34. ^ Irving 1994, p. 437-438.
  35. ^ "First A380 Flight on 25-26 October", Singapore Airlines, accessed October 20, 2007.
  36. ^ "How the Airbus A380 Works - Triumph or Mistake?", Howstuffworks, access date: 29 April 2006.
  37. ^ a b c Boeing 747 Classics, Boeing, accessed November 23, 2007.
  38. ^ Boeing 747SP, Airliners.net, accessed November 23, 2007.
  39. ^ "Ask Us - Largest Plane in the World", Aerospaceweb.org, access date: 29 April 2006.
  40. ^ "Boeing Shelves 747X to Focus on Faster Jet", People's Daily, 30 March 2001.
  41. ^ Taylor, Alex III. "Boeing's Amazing Sonic Cruiser ..." Fortune, 9 December 2002. "Boeing's Sonic Cruiser",
  42. ^ "Boeing Launches New 747-8 Family", The Boeing Company press release, 14 November 2005.
  43. ^ "Singapore Airlines boosts Airbus fleet with additional A380 orders", Airbus S.A.S., 20 December 2006. 
  44. ^ "Emirates Airlines reaffirms commitment to A380 and orders additional four", Airbus S.A.S., 7 May 2007. 
  45. ^ Robertson, David. "Airbus will lose €4.8bn because of A380 delays", The Times, 3 October 2006. Retrieved on 2006-10-03. 
  46. ^ Big plane, big problems.
  47. ^ a b Sutter 2006, p.93
  48. ^ Boeing 747-400 Airport Planning report, section 2.0, Boeing, December 2002.
  49. ^ Sutter 2006, p.121-122.
  50. ^ Air India Flight 182 was carrying a fifth pod engine
  51. ^ "Boeing 747 takes maiden flight on February 9, 1969", HistoryLink, retrieved 30 April 2006
  52. ^ a b Norris 1997, p. 48.
  53. ^ a b Wilson 1999, p. 54.
  54. ^ Norris 1997, p. 53.
  55. ^ Bowers 1989, p. 516-517.
  56. ^ a b Boeing 747 Classics, Boeing, accessed: October 22, 2007.
  57. ^ a b c d Flight International, 3-9 October 2006
  58. ^ 747 SP.
  59. ^ "Boeing 747-300", Airliners.net, Access date: 10 April 2007
  60. ^ Norris 1997, p. 63.
  61. ^ Norris 1997, p. 88.
  62. ^ "Boeing aircraft Take Qantas Further", QantasAccess date: 29 April 2006.
  63. ^ Boeing 747-400ER Family, Boeing, accessed October 16, 2007.
  64. ^ Flight International, 27 March - 2 April 2007
  65. ^ a b "747-400 passenger is no more", Seattlepi.com, 17 March 2007.
  66. ^ "Ugly in the Air: Boeing's New Plane Gets Gawks, Stares", Lunsford, J. L. The Wall Street Journal. 8 January 2007.
  67. ^ "Boeing 747 Large Cargo Freighter Completes First Flight". Boeing press release, 9 September 2006.
  68. ^ http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/systems/aircraft/c-19.htm
  69. ^ Seattle Times.
  70. ^ KC-33 details, including prototype images (PDF).
  71. ^ "Boeing Outlines The "Value" Of Its 747 Plans", The Boeing Company press release, 2 September 1996.
  72. ^ "Impact of New Large Aircraft on Airport Design", James W. Patterson, Federal Aviation AdministrationAccess date: 10 April 2007.
  73. ^ "Boeing 747 Celebrates 30 Years In Service", Boeing press release, 2 September 1996.
  74. ^ "Aircraft Museum - Boeing 747", Aerospaceweb.org, retrieved 10 April 2007
  75. ^ 747 specifications.
  76. ^ 747 Airport Planning report.
  77. ^ Calculating and Plotting Parasite Drag.
  78. ^ N7470.
  79. ^ The Blue Sky.
  80. ^ Historic Aircraft Lands at Air and Space Museum, WTOP News, 16 January 2007.
  81. ^ Boeing 747 Accident summary, Aviation-Safety.net, updated 5 May 2007.
  82. ^ Boeing 747 Accident Statistics, Aviation-Safety.net, updated 5 July 2005.
  83. ^ "1977: Hundreds dead in Tenerife plane crash", BBC News On This Day, Access date: 26 May 2006
  84. ^ Japan marks air crash anniversary, BBC News, 12 August 2005
  85. ^ Info from AirlineSafety.com.
  86. ^ El Al History page, El Al Airlines, retrieved October 18, 2007.
Bibliography
  • Bowers, Peter M. Boeing aircraft since 1916. London: Putnam Aeronautical Books, 1989. ISBN 0-85177-804-6.
  • Irving, Clive. Wide Body: The Making of the Boeing 747. Philadelphia: Coronet, 1994. ISBN 0-340-59983-9.
  • Norris, Guy and Wagner, Mark. Boeing 747. St. Paul, Minnesota: MBI Publishing Co., 1997. ISBN 0-7603-0280-4.
  • Shaw, Robbie. Boeing 747 (Osprey Civil Aircraft series). London: Osprey, 1994. ISBN 1-85532-420-2.
  • Sutter, Joe. 747: Creating the World's First Jumbo Jet and Other Adventures from a Life in Aviation. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Books, 2006. ISBN 978-0-06-088241-9.
  • Wilson, Stewart. Airliners of the World. Fyshwick, Australia: Aerospace Publications Pty Ltd., 1999. ISBN 1-875671-44-7.

The Boeing Company (NYSE: BA) is a leading American aircraft and aerospace manufacturer, headquartered in Chicago, Illinois, with its largest production facilities near Seattle, Washington. ... is the 239th day of the year (240th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 177th day of the year (178th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 301st day of the year (302nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Boeing Commercial Airplanes, based in Renton, Washington, is a unit of The Boeing Company, consisting of the Seattle-based former Boeing Airplane Company (the civil airliner division), as well as the Long Beach-based Douglas Aircraft division of the former McDonnell Douglas Corporation. ... is the 119th day of the year (120th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Boeing Company (NYSE: BA) is a leading American aircraft and aerospace manufacturer, headquartered in Chicago, Illinois, with its largest production facilities near Seattle, Washington. ... is the 329th day of the year (330th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Boeing Company (NYSE: BA) is a leading American aircraft and aerospace manufacturer, headquartered in Chicago, Illinois, with its largest production facilities near Seattle, Washington. ... is the 119th day of the year (120th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 120th day of the year (121st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 120th day of the year (121st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Pearson Education is one of leading publishers of educational textbooks and other educational material, such as multimedia learning tools. ... is the 120th day of the year (121st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Boeing Commercial Airplanes, based in Renton, Washington, is a unit of The Boeing Company, consisting of the Seattle-based former Boeing Airplane Company (the civil airliner division), as well as the Long Beach-based Douglas Aircraft division of the former McDonnell Douglas Corporation. ... is the 118th day of the year (119th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... “TIME” redirects here. ... is the 277th day of the year (278th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... “TIME” redirects here. ... is the 52nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1969 (number) 1969 (movie) 1969 (Stargate SG-1) episode. ... is the 40th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 240th day of the year (241st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 136th day of the year (137th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 136th day of the year (137th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... “TIME” redirects here. ... is the 269th day of the year (270th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1969 (number) 1969 (movie) 1969 (Stargate SG-1) episode. ... Singapore Airlines Limited (Abbreviation: SIA; Chinese: ; pinyin: , abbreviated ; Malay: ; Tamil: ) (SGX: S55) is the national airline of Singapore. ... is the 293rd day of the year (294th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... HowStuffWorks is a website created by Marshall Brain but now owned by the Convex Group. ... is the 119th day of the year (120th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 327th day of the year (328th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 327th day of the year (328th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 119th day of the year (120th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Peoples Daily (Chinese: 人民日报 Pinyin ) is the official newspaper of the Communist Party of China, published worldwide with a circulation of 3 to 4 million. ... is the 89th day of the year (90th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... Fortune magazine is Americas second longest-running business magazine after Forbes magazine. ... is the 343rd day of the year (344th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... is the 318th day of the year (319th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Airbus S.A.S. is a commercial aircraft manufacturer based in Toulouse, France. ... is the 354th day of the year (355th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Airbus S.A.S. is a commercial aircraft manufacturer based in Toulouse, France. ... is the 127th day of the year (128th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... The Times is a national newspaper published daily in the United Kingdom (and the Kingdom of Great Britain before the United Kingdom existed) since 1788 when it was known as The Daily Universal Register. ... is the 276th day of the year (277th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 276th day of the year (277th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 120th day of the year (121st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 295th day of the year (296th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Flight International (or Flight) is a leading global aerospace weekly. ... is the 100th day of the year (101st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Qantas (Qantas Airways Limited) (IPA: ) is the name and callsign of the national airline of Australia. ... is the 119th day of the year (120th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 289th day of the year (290th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Flight International (or Flight) is a leading global aerospace weekly. ... is the 76th day of the year (77th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... The Wall Street Journal (WSJ) is an international daily newspaper published by Dow Jones & Company in New York City, New York, USA, with Asian and European editions, and a worldwide daily circulation of more than 2 million as of 2006, with 931,000 paying online subscribers. ... is the 8th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 252nd day of the year (253rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Boeing Company (NYSE: BA) is a leading American aircraft and aerospace manufacturer, headquartered in Chicago, Illinois, with its largest production facilities near Seattle, Washington. ... is the 245th day of the year (246th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... “FAA” redirects here. ... is the 100th day of the year (101st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 245th day of the year (246th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 100th day of the year (101st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 16th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 125th day of the year (126th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... BBC News is the department within the BBC responsible for the corporations news-gathering and production of news programmes on BBC television, radio and online. ... is the 146th day of the year (147th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... BBC News is the department within the BBC responsible for the corporations news-gathering and production of news programmes on BBC television, radio and online. ... is the 224th day of the year (225th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 291st day of the year (292nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...

External links

Adobe Flash, or simply Flash, refers to both the Adobe Flash Player, and to the Adobe Flash Professional multimedia authoring program. ...

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Related development

Comparable aircraft

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Boeing 747SP is a highly modified version of Boeings Boeing 747-100 offering special performance. Known during development as the short body 747SB, the shortened fuselage permitted longer range flights to be made. ... The Boeing 747-400 is the latest version of the Boeing 747 in service. ... The Boeing 747 Large Cargo Freighter (LCF), known as the Dreamlifter, is a modified Boeing 747-400 used exclusively for transporting aircraft parts to Boeing from suppliers around the world. ... The Boeing 747-8 is the latest variant of the Boeing 747, officially announced in 2005. ... The Boeing E-4 Advanced Airborne Command Post, with a project name of Nightwatch, is an aircraft operated by the United States Air Force and is specially built to serve as a survivable mobile command post for the National Command Authority, including the President of the United States, the Secretary... This article is about the aircraft. ... C-33 is the US military designation for Boeing 747-400 series intend to augment C-17 fleet, but the plan was cancelled in favor of purchasing additional C-17 military transports. ... The Boeing YAL-1 Airborne Laser (ABL) weapons system is a megawatt-class chemical oxygen iodine laser (COIL) primarily designed to destroy tactical ballistic missiles (TBMs), similar to the Scud, while in boost phase. ... Atlantis transported by a Boeing 747 Shuttle Carrier Aircraft Schematic 3-view The Shuttle Carrier Aircraft (SCA) are two extensively modified Boeing 747 jetliners that NASA uses to transport a space shuttle orbiter. ... The 747SP which now serves as NASAs Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) on a test flight in 1997. ... For the road in England, see A340 road. ... The Airbus A380 is a double-deck, four-engine airliner manufactured by the European corporation Airbus, an EADS subsidiary. ... The Ilyushin Il-96 is a four-engined long-range Russian widebody airliner. ... An-225 carrying a Buran shuttle The Antonov An-225 Mriya (NATO reporting name: Cossack) is a strategic airlift transport airplane that was built by Antonov (ASTC). ...

Related lists

See also

Aviation encompasses all the activities relating to airborne devices created by human ingenuity, generally known as aircraft. ... This is a timeline of aviation history. ... This list of aircraft is sorted alphabetically, beginning with the name of the manufacturer (or, in certain cases, designer). ... This is a list of aircraft manufacturers (in alphabetic order). ... List of aircraft engines: // Two- and four-stroke rotary, radial, inline. ... This is a list of aircraft engine manufacturers both past and present. ... This is a list of airlines in operation (by continents and country). ... This is a list of air forces, sorted alphabetically by country, followed by a list of former countries air forces. ... This is an incomplete list of aircraft weapons, past and present. ... Below is a list of (links to pages on) missiles, sorted alphabetically by name. ... A Boeing 720 being flown under remote control as part of NASAs Controlled Impact Demonstration The following is a list of Unmanned aerial vehicles developed and operated by various countries around the world. ... This is a list of experimental aircraft. ... // This is a list of notable incidents and accidents involving military aircraft grouped by the year that the incident or accident occurred. ... This list of notable accidents and incidents on commercial aircraft is grouped by the years in which the incidents or accidents occurred. ... // This list of notable accidents and incidents involving general aviation is grouped by the years in which the incidents or accidents occurred. ... This is a list of some well-known people who have died in aviation-related events. ... The SR-71 Blackbird is the current record holder. ... Flight distance records without refueling. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with List of altitude records reached by different aircraft types. ... The flight endurance record is the amount of time spent in the air. ... Aircraft with a production run greater than 5,000 aircraft. ... Transcontinental air speed record In-flight and on-ground time is counted 1929 Frank Hawks 1937 Howard Hughes Junior transcontinental air speed record For the junior record only in-flight time is counted 1929 Richard James 1930 Stanley Boynton East to West, 24 hours, 2 minutes in 6 days 1930...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Boeing 747 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (5928 words)
Boeing 747SP refitted as the SOFIA astronomical observatory
Boeing announced a new 747 model, the 747-8 (referred to as the 747 Advanced prior to launch) on November 14, 2005, which will use same engine and cockpit technology as the 787 (It was decided to call it the 747-8 because of the technology it will share with the 787 Dreamliner).
Boeing was keen to discourage the media and the public from using the term "jumbo jet" for the 747, but their efforts were in vain and now the term is synonymous with the 747.
Boeing 747-400 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1147 words)
The Boeing 747-400 is the only model of the Boeing 747 in production and will remain the largest commercial airliner in service until the introduction of the Airbus A380 in late 2006.
The 747-400 was announced by Boeing in October 1985, was rolled out in January 1988 and first flew on April 29, 1988.
Boeing announced in October 2003 that due to the high cost of marine shipping, air transport will be the primary method of transporting parts for the Boeing 787.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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